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IN OTHER WORDS

PART 1:

SNAKES
TARGET WORDS
1

Elicit

Illegal

Evoke

10

Superstition

Encounter

11

Misunderstanding

Landscape

12

Ignorance

Indication

13

Consider

Environment

14

Develop

Unique

15

Fond

Indiscriminate

16

Tolerate

DEFINITIONS
1

Elicit

Verb

To get information or a reaction from someone

Evoke

Verb

To cause something to be remembered or expressed

Encounter

Verb

To meet someone unexpectedly, or to experience, esp. something


unpleasant

Landscape

Noun

A large area of countryside, usually one without many buildings

Indication

Noun

A sign or piece of information that indicates something

Environment

Noun

The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant


lives or operates

Unique

Adjective

Being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else

Indiscriminate

Verb

To be done at random or without careful judgement

Illegal

Adjective

Contrary to or forbidden by law, especially criminal law

10

Superstition

Noun

Excessively credulous belief in and reverence for the supernatural

11

Misunderstanding

Noun

A failure to understand something correctly

12

Ignorance

Noun

Lack of knowledge or information

13

Consider

Verb

14

Develop

Verb

15

Fond

Verb

To have an affection or liking for

16

Tolerate

Verb

To follow the existence, occurrence, or practice of (something that


one dislikes or disagrees with) without interference

To think carefully about (something), typically before making a


decision
To grow or cause to grow and become more mature, advanced, or
elaborate

IN OTHER WORDS
1

Snakes elicit (1) different emotions in different people. Unfortunately, the


emotions they evoke (2) in many people range from an uneasiness to a deep
fear. Even for people who do not fear snakes, a surprise encounter (3) may
be a problem. Too often this fear results in the needless killing of a snake. The

presence of snakes in the landscape (4) is an indication (5) of a healthy


environment (6). Snakes are a unique (7) part of our wildlife and should not
be harmed. In Maryland, as in most states, the indiscriminate (8) killing of
snakes is illegal (9). There are more myths, wives tales and superstitions
(10) about snakes than any other animal. These are all false and grew out of

10

misunderstandings (11) and ignorance (12) about snakes. Also, one must
consider (13) that many fables developed (14) in ancient times in regions
where many very deadly snakes lived. However, even people who are not
fond of (15) snakes should try to tolerate (16) their presence. The first step
is to have a better basic understanding of snakes.

IN OTHER WORDS
1. Complete the crossword below.
1
2
3

8
9
10

11

12

13

16
14

ACROSS
3. Lack of knowledge or information
4. To think carefully about (something), typically
before making a decision
7. Excessively credulous belief in and reverence for
the supernatural
8. To meet someone unexpectedly, or to experience,
9. Of Having an affection or liking for
10. The surroundings or conditions in which a person,
animal, or plant lives or operates
11. Done at random or without careful judgement
14. Being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else
15. Contrary to or forbidden by law, especially criminal
law

15

DOWN
1. A large area of countryside, usually one
without many buildings
2. A sign or piece of information that indicates
something
5. To cause something to be remembered or
expressed
6. A failure to understand something correctly:
12. To grow or cause to grow and become
more mature, advanced, or elaborate
13. To allow the existence, occurrence, or
practice of without interference
16. To get information or a reaction from
someone

IN OTHER WORDS
2. Write the letter of the correct match.
1
2

-----------------

Elicit

A.

Evoke

B.

A large area of countryside, usually one without many


buildings
The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or
plant lives or operates

---------

Encounter

C.

A failure to understand something correctly:

---------

Landscape

D.

Contrary to or forbidden by law, especially criminal law

---------

Indication

E.

Done at random or without careful judgement

---------

Environment

F.

To cause something to be remembered or expressed

Unique

G.

Indiscriminate

H.

Illegal

I.

Superstition

7
8
9
10

---------------------------------

To think carefully about (something), typically before making


a decision
Grow or cause to grow and become more mature, advanced,
or elaborate
To meet someone unexpectedly, or to experience, esp.
something unpleasant
To allow the existence, occurrence, or practice of (something
that one dislikes or disagrees with) without interference

11

---------

Misunderstanding

K.

A sign or piece of information that indicates something

12

---------

Ignorance

L.

Lack of knowledge or information

13

---------

Consider

M.

Having an affection or liking for

14

---------

Develop

N.

Being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else

15

---------

Fond

O.

To get information or a reaction from someone

Tolerate

P.

Excessively credulous belief in and reverence for the


supernatural

16

---------

3. Please unscramble the words below.


1.

Eciilt

------------------

9.

Igaelll

------------------

2.

Eovke

------------------

10.

Seusttipiorn

------------------

3.

Igrnocnae

------------------

11.

Lpascadne

------------------

4.

Mnrsaeutnndsdiig

------------------

12.

Enecotunr

------------------

5.

Indoactiin

------------------

13.

Ueniuq

------------------

6.

Tetolrae

------------------

14.

Dloeevp

------------------

7.

Csneoidr

------------------

15.

Fnod

------------------

8.

Itsciinnmirade

------------------

16.

Erinmnovnet

------------------

4. Please match the unscrambled words with the words having closest meaning below.
A
B
C
D

Bring out - obtain


Flourish - advance
Haphazard - unplanned
Illicit - prohibited

E
F
G
H

Recall - awaken
False belief - irrationality
Addicted - devoted
Hint - signal

10

IN OTHER WORDS
5. Choose the best alternative to complete the sentence.
1. In Alaska, he heard the ---- that a
woman who eats the heart of a bear
will give birth to a male child.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

indication
ignorance
environment
superstition
landscape

2. While malaria is ----, the heaviest toll is


on the poorest and most vulnerable
communities.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

unique
indiscriminate
illegal
superstitious
ignorant

3. It is currently ---- for the press, experts,


advocates, or the general public to
review the text of this agreement.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

ignorant
unique
illegal
superstitious
fond

4. For many Iranians writing on social


media, the red flags ---- the glory days
of past great Persian leaders.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

considered
encountered
tolerated
evoked
developed

5. Early ---- suggest the death toll across


four countries is likely to rise
substantially in the coming days.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

indications
superstitions
environments
landscapes
misunderstandings

6. On Monday, Twitter introduced a new


change that ---- widespread frustration.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

tolerated
ignored
indicated
elicited
rose

7. Our soldiers can literally disappear


into the background as they are so
well camouflaged in this ----A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

superstition
ignorance
indication
environment
misunderstanding

8. The Israel Defence Forces will not ---any attempt to breach Israeli
sovereignty, an army statement said.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

tolerate
develop
misunderstand
consider
indicate

9. He says racism and ---- wont be


tolerated in the county.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

indication
landscape
environment
development
ignorance

10. They said the Republicans plans


which are unworkable and, absent
bipartisan negotiations, will ---roadblocks in the coming months.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

encounter
consider
tolerate
contaminate
impair

11

IN OTHER WORDS
6. The words on the list are split, please combine the parts of words which are given randomly.
1

UNI

_________BBBBBBBBBBB

ATION

DEVE

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

CIT

MISUNDER

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

RATE

FO

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

OKE

EV

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

UNTER

LAND

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

QUE

SUPERS

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

TITION

INDIC

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

LOP

CONS

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

SCAPE

10

ENCO

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

IDER

11

ELI

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

GAL

12

TOLE

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

MENT

13

ILLE

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

STANDING

14

INDISCR

_____________BBBBBBB

IMINATE

15

IGNO

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

ND

16

ENVIRON

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

RANCE

7. Please fill in the blanks with the words given in the box below.
indication

tolerate

indiscriminate

superstition

develop

encountered

unique

evokes

environment

considered

illegal

1.

Certain chemicals have been banned because of their damaging effect on the ----------------.

2.

On their way home they ---------------- a woman selling flowers.

3.

I'm looking for a job which will enable me to ---------------- my skills.

4.

For a teacher to hit a child is not just morally wrong but also ----------------.

5.

They dont have the best service, but I ---------------- it because I love their food.

6.

The smell of chalk always ---------------- memories of my school days.

7.

The ---------------- use of fertilizers can cause long-term problems.

8.

Each person's genetic code is ---------------- except in the case of identical twins.

9.

I don't believe in the old ---------------- that the number 13 is unlucky.

10. The amount of new construction work is a(n) ---------------- of the city's prosperity.

12

IN OTHER WORDS
8. Match the words with the ones having closest meaning
ELICIT

HINT

UNPLANNED

EVOKE

FLORISH

AWAKEN

INDICATION

FALSE BELIEF

PROHIBITED

INDISCRIMINATE

ILLICIT

SIGNAL

ILLEGAL

BRING OUT

ADVANCE

SUPERSTITION

RECALL

IRRATIONALITY

DEVELOP

HAPHAZARD

OBTAIN

UNIQUE

ACCEPT

CONTEMPLATE

CONSIDER

ONE AND ONLY

ADMIT

TOLERATE

SCRUTINIZE

PARTICULAR

9. Please match the words in the chart with their antonyms below.
Ignorance

Tolerate

Indication

Elicit

Misunderstanding

Develop

Fond

Superstation

Indiscriminate

Illegal

Disallow

Accuracy

Misinformation

Fact

Repress

Lawful

Knowledge

Planned

Lessen

10

Hating

13

IN OTHER WORDS

14

IN OTHER WORDS
10. Cut and remember.

ELICIT

EVOKE

(Twitter introduced a new change that elicited


widespread frustration.)

(The smell of chalk always evokes memories of my


school days.)

ENCOUNTER

LANDSCAPE

(On their way home they encountered a woman


selling flowers.)

(The collection includes some 17th-century


landscapes.)

INDICATION

ENVIRONMENT

(The amount of new construction work is an


indication of the city's prosperity.)

(Certain chemicals have been banned because of


their damaging effect on the environment.)

INDISCRIMINATE

UNIQUE

(The indiscriminate use of fertilizers can cause


long-term problems.)

(The situation creating a conflict between PM and


the queen was unique in British politics.)

ILLEGAL

SUPERSTITION

(For a teacher to hit a child is not just morally wrong


but also illegal.)

(I don't believe in the old superstition that the


number 13 is unlucky.)

MISUNDERSTAND

IGNORANCE

(The driver had misunderstood the police officer's


hand signals)

(If you think education is expensive - try ignorance.)

CONSIDER

DEVELOP

(The team is considering acquiring a house, where


the four of them will live, practice and do online
tournaments together.)

(I'm looking for a job which will enable me to


develop my skills.)

FOND

TOLERATE

(The mayor is fond of animals, and so invest lots of


money in building animal shelters.)

(They dont have the best service, but I tolerate it


because I love their food.)

15

IN OTHER WORDS

PART 2:

MAYA CIVILIZATION
TARGET WORDS
1

Magnificent

Edifice

Boast

10

Demise

Construct

11

Warfare

Peninsula

12

Degradation

Celestial

13

Combination

Zenith

14

Credence

Abandon

15

Specifically

Urban

16

Drought

DEFINITIONS
1

Magnificent

Adjective

Making a strong or vivid impression

Boast

Verb

To speak in a blustering or scornful manner

Construct

Verb

To make by combining materials and parts

Peninsula

Noun

A large mass of land projecting into a body of water

Celestial

Adjective

Relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven

Zenith

Noun

The highest or most successful point of something

Abandon

Verb

To leave someone or something

Urban

Adj. / Noun

Relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated area

Edifice

Noun

A structure that has a roof and walls

10

Demise

Noun

The time when something ends

11

Warfare

Noun

The waging of armed conflict against an enemy

12

Degradation

Noun

Changing to a lower state

13

Combination

Noun

The act of combining things to form a new whole

14

Credence

Noun

The mental attitude that something is believable and should be


accepted as true

15

Specifically

Adverb

In distinction from others

16

Drought

Noun

A shortage of rainfall

17

IN OTHER WORDS
1

With their magnificent (1) architecture and sophisticated knowledge of


astronomy and mathematics, the Maya boasted (2) one of the great cultures
of the ancient world. Although they had not discovered the wheel and were
without metal tools, the Maya constructed (3) massive pyramids, temples and

monuments of hewn stone both in large cities and in smaller ceremonial


centers throughout the lowlands of the Yucatn Peninsula (4), which covers
parts of what are now southern Mexico and Guatemala and essentially all of
Belize. From celestial (5) observatories, such as the one at Chichn Itz, they
tracked the progress of Venus and developed a calendar based on a solar

10

year of 365 days. They created their own system of mathematics, using a
base number of 20 with a concept of zero. And they developed a hieroglyphic
scheme for writing, one that used hundreds of elaborate signs. During its
Classic period (250950 AD.), Maya civilization reached a zenith (6). At its
peak, around 750 AD., the population may have topped 13 million. Then,

15

between about 750 and 950 AD., their society imploded. The Maya
abandoned (7) what had been densely populated urban (8) centers, leaving
their impressive stone edifices (9) to fall into ruin. The demise (10) of Maya
civilization has been one of the great anthropological mysteries of modern
times. What could have happened? Scholars have advanced a variety of

20

theories over the years, pinning the fault on everything from internal warfare
(11) to foreign intrusion, from widespread outbreaks of disease to a dangerous
dependence on mono cropping, from environmental degradation (12) to
climate change. Some combination (13) of these and other factors may well
be where the truth lies. However, in recent years, evidence has mounted that

25

unusual shifts in atmospheric patterns took place near the end of the Classic
Maya period, lending credence (14) to the notion that climate, and
specifically (15) drought (16), indeed played a hand in the decline of this
ancient civilization.

18

IN OTHER WORDS
1. Complete the crossword below.
1
2

5
6

8
9

10

11
13
15

12

14

ACROSS
2. The mental attitude that something is believable
and should be accepted as true
4. A large mass of land projecting into a body of
water
7. Relating to or concerned with a city or densely
populated area
8. Making a strong or vivid impression
10. Relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven
12. The time when something ends
13. The waging of armed conflict against an enemy
14. To leave someone or something

DOWN
1. The highest or most successful point of
something
2. The act of combining things to form a new
whole
3. To make by combining materials and parts
5. In distinction from others
6. Changing to a lower state
9. Speak in a blustering or scornful manner
11. A structure that has a roof and walls
15. A shortage of rainfall

19

IN OTHER WORDS
2. Write the letter of the correct match.
1

---------

Magnificent

A.

A structure that has a roof and walls

---------

Boast

B.

A large mass of land projecting into a body of water

---------

Construct

C.

To leave someone or something

---------

Peninsula

D.

The act of combining things to form a new whole

---------

Celestial

E.

Speak in a blustering or scornful manner

Zenith

F.

The mental attitude that something is believable and should


be accepted as true

---------

---------

Abandon

G.

The waging of armed conflict against an enemy

---------

Urban

H.

Relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven

---------

Edifice

I.

The highest or most successful point of something

Demise

Relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated


area

10

---------

11

---------

Warfare

K.

A shortage of rainfall

12

---------

Degradation

L.

Changing to a lower state

13

---------

Combination

M.

In distinction from others

14

---------

Credence

N.

Making a strong or vivid impression

15

---------

Specifically

O.

The time when something ends

16

---------

Drought

P.

Make by combining materials and parts

3. Please unscramble the words below.


1.

Ubran

------------------

9.

Bsoat

------------------

2.

Eciidfe

------------------

10.

Plsninuea

------------------

3.

Duhgrot

------------------

11.

Zeinth

------------------

4.

Deisme

------------------

12.

Doatgardien

------------------

5.

Ceeistlal

------------------

13.

Cdnreece

------------------

6.

Wafrrae

------------------

14.

Cmooatibinn

------------------

7.

Anodabn

------------------

15.

Spicalcielfy

------------------

8.

Migafecnint

------------------

16.

Crtcusnot

------------------

4. Please match the unscrambled words with the words having closest meaning below.
A
B
C
D
E

Admission Belief
Failure Collapse
Cape Headland
Forsake Leave behind
Brilliant Impressive

F
G
H
I
J

City-like Metropolitan
Brag Vaunt
Building - Construction
Battle Combat
Apex Climax

20

IN OTHER WORDS
5. Choose the best alternative to complete the sentence.
1. As this ---- stretches on, well continue
to do whatever is necessary to help
communities save more water.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

combination
credence
drought
edifice
demise

2. Many of these drugs are ---- intended to


replace expensive alternative
treatments.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

annually
approximately
verbally
specifically
furiously

3. Thanksgiving and Christmas Holidays


are the ---- of yearly air travel prices.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

drought
credence
edifice
zenith
peninsula

4. To know which programs to expand


and which to ----, policymakers need
information about results.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

boast
construct
refer
imply
abandon

5. The Cardboard Cathedral is not only


a(n) ----, but also a manifestation of the
community.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

edifice
drought
peninsula
degradation
demise

6. The Ottoman Empire emerged in the


14th century and peaked under
Suleiman the ---- in the sixteenth
century.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

urban
magnificent
widespread
celestial
internal

7. Nepal ---- eight of the ten highest


mountains in the world, with spectacular
scenery to match.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

constructs
devoted
precedes
boasts
dilutes

8. The EU will not fail yet but its ---- is


certain unless they can prune their
ranks.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

demise
zenith
drought
credence
peninsula

9. While there are no plans yet to ---- the


City Sand Tower, the proposal is
certainly alluring.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

boast
prevent
construct
obey
prevail

10. Environmental ---- and deforestation


across Afghanistan have contributed to
a growing problem of landslides when
snow melts and rains begin.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

edifice
drought
significance
emergence
degradation

21

IN OTHER WORDS
6.

The words on the list are split, please combine the parts of words which are given randomly.

COMBIN

_______________BBBBB

ICENT

DEGRAD

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

ENCE

BO

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

ATION

SPECIF

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

AST

MAGNIF

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

ICE

DEM

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

ARE

WARF

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

GHT

CRED

____BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

STIAL

ZEN

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

NSULA

10

DROU

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

ATION

11

ABAN

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

BAN

12

UR

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

ICALLY

13

PENI

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

DON

14

EDIF

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

ITH

15

CELE

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

ISE

16

CONS

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

TRUCT

7. Please fill in the blanks with the words given in the box below.
Specifically

Drought

Celestial

Demise

Warfare

Zenith

Abandoned

Edifice

Constructed

Urban

Boasting

1.

I ------------ told them that she doesn't eat meat.

2.

Rural hospitals have a median profit margin of 2.7 percent, just half that of ------------ hospitals.

3.

The town hall is the only ------------ surviving from the 15th century.

4.

This year a severe ------------ has ruined the crops.

5.

He didn't talk about his exam results in case people thought he was------------.

6.

The building was ------------ in 1930.

7.

The Ottoman Empire reached its ------------ in the 16th century.

8.

One of my close friends was ------------ by his mother as a baby.

9.

The war now seems to be shifting from the use of tanks and artillery to the methods of terrorism and
guerrilla ------------.

10. Fatherless children will hasten the ------------ of the USA.

22

IN OTHER WORDS
8. Match the words with the ones having closest meaning
MAGNIFICENT

FORSAKE

HEADLAND

BOAST

CITY-LIKE

COLLAPSE

PENINSULA

BUILDING

VAUNT

ZENITH

APEX

METROPOLITAN

ABANDON

BRILLIANT

BLENDING

URBAN

BRAG

COMBAT

EDIFICE

FAILURE

CONSTRUCTION

DEMISE

MIX

LEAVE BEHIND

COMBINATION

CAPE

CLIMAX

WARFARE

BATTLE

IMPRESSIVE

9. Please match the words in the chart with their antonyms below.
Zenith

Warfare

Magnificent

Degradation

Combination

Boast

Urban

Demise

Peace

Beginning

Improvement

Humility

Depth

Rural

Separation

Modest

23

IN OTHER WORDS

24

IN OTHER WORDS
10. Cut and remember.

MAGNIFICENT

BOAST

(In summer, the beautiful beaches and magnificent


weather draw people from all over the world.)

(The crisis is especially tragic because Kosovo


boasts the youngest population in an increasingly
graying Europe.)

CONSTRUCT

PENINSULA

(President Vladimir Putin visited Egypt and promised


help in constructing a nuclear power plant.)

(Tensions have eased a little on the Korean


Peninsula following the completion of annual U.S.South Korean military drills.)

CELESTIAL

ZENITH

(The idea that celestial bodies can cause


earthquakes is one of the oldest theories in science.)

(The mockery reached its zenith with a photograph


of Mr. Miliband struggling to eat a bacon sandwich.)

ABANDON

URBAN

(Seven boats were rescued Sunday after human


traffickers abandoned the ships.)

(Few administrations have had as many senior


officials with experience in micro-level urban policy.)

EDIFICE

DEMISE

(Rather than design a single grand edifice, the


architect envisioned a residence that seemed to
have expanded organically over time.)

(The play, which runs just 70 minutes, met a quick


demise following mostly negative reviews and poor
box office.)

WARFARE

DEGRADATION

(Prototype systems at the Naval Surface Warfare


Centre, in Virginia, have been firing since 2006.)

(The easements permanently protect the farm from


future development and degradation.)

COMBINATION

CREDENCE

(Investigators concluded that the accident had


resulted from a combination of pilot error and
mechanical failure.)

(An accord with Iran also would give credence to


Obamas core belief that the United States must
be open to negotiations with its enemies.)

SPECIFICALLY

DROUGHT

(Very few studies have focused on nail salon


workers specifically)

(Board officials say those who prepared for drought


will be better off in the long run.)

25