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Lesson 10 - Reliability of Welding Filler Metals

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Lesson 1
The Basics of Arc
Welding

LESSON X

Lesson 2
Common Electric
Arc Welding
Processes
Lesson 3
Covered Electrodes
for Welding
Mild Steels
Lesson 4
Covered Electrodes
for Welding Low
Alloy Steels
Lesson 5
Welding Filler Metals
for Stainless Steels

http://www.esabna.com/euweb/AWTC/Lesson10_7.htm

Section I.

Power Boilers

Section II.

Material Specifications

Section III.

Nuclear Vessels

Section IV.

Low Pressure Boilers

Section VIII. Unfired Pressure Boilers


10.5.0.1

Section II of the code, in which welding filler metals are specified, states that the

ASME has adopted the AWS Filler Metal Specifications verbatim (word for word). However, they do have their own specification designation. For example, AMSE SFA 5.5-96

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Specification for Low Alloy Steel Covered Arc Welding Electrodes is the same as AWS
A5.5-96.
10.5.0.2

Under Section III of the code, the ASME issues a Quality System Certificate to

Glossary

manufacturers of materials (including welding electrodes and wire) to be used under the
code. This certificate is issued only after an ASME plant audit and the manufacturers
entire quality assurance program is approved. Its issuance allows the manufacturers
products to be used in boiler and pressure vessel work, as well as on nuclear applications
as specified in the code. Details of the Quality System Certificate will be covered under the
Quality Assurance Section of this lesson.

Lesson 6
Carbon & Low Alloy
Steel Filler Metals GMAW,GTAW,SAW

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10.6
10.6.1

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SHIP CLASSIFICATION SOCIETIES


The American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) - The ABS is a non-profit, interna-

tional ship classification society. It certifies the structural integrity and mechanical fitness of

Lesson 7
Flux Cored Arc
Electrodes Carbon
Low Alloy Steels

merchant ships, offshore drilling rigs, and other marine structures.


10.6.1.1

Annually, the Bureau publishes a listing entitled Approved Welding Electrodes,

Wire-Flux and Wire-Gas Combinations. The approvals of the filler metals are based upon
tests conducted to standards established by the Bureau or by other recognized agencies.

Lesson 8
Hardsurfacing
Electrodes

As requested by the manufacturer, filler metals may be approved to an AWS Filler Metal
Specification, and so listed, or approved to an ABS Grade as shown in Figure 1. In either

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case, the approval testing must be made in the manufacturers facility in the presence of an
ABS representative. The extent of testing will vary, depending on the type of weld for which

Lesson 9
Estimating &
Comparing Weld
Metal Costs

the product is being qualified (fillet or butt), whether the filler material is being initially tested
as a new product, being tested annually, or whether the product is being upgraded at the
manufacturers request.
10.6.1.2

Lesson 10
Reliability of Welding
Filler Metals

At the time of annual testing, the manufacturing facilities and quality control

procedures are subject to inspection also.

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09/12/2013 14:32