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WORD FORMATION

EXTINCT: - EXTINCT (adj): extinto, desaparecido.


- EXTINGUISH (verb): extinguir, apagar.
SHORT: SHORTAGE (noun): escasez
SURVIVE: - SURVIVAL (noun): supervivencia
- SURVIVE (verb): sobrevivir
- SURVIVOR (noun): superviviente
THREAT: - THREAT (noun): amenaza
- THREATEN (verb): amenazar
- THREATENED (adj): en peligro de extincin
- THREATENING (adj): amenazador
- THREATENINGLY (adv): de modo amenazador
FLUENT: - FLUENT (adj): elocuente, fluido
- FLUENTLY (adv): con soltura, con fluidez
- FLUENCY (noun): fluidez, soltura
RELY: - RELY (verb): confiar en, depender de
- RELIABILITY(noun): fiabilidad
- RELIABLE (adj): de confianza
- RELIABLY (adv): de buena fuente
SUCCESS: - SUCCEED (verb): tener xito, triunfar
- SUCCESSFUL (adj): exitoso
- SUCCESSFULLY (adv): con xito, con buen resultado
- SUCCESS (noun): xito, triunfo
RECRUIT: - RECRUITMENT (noun): recluta
- RECRUIT (verb): reclutar
VACANT: - VACANT (adj): vacante, libre. Perdida (mirada)
- VACANTLY (adv): distradamente
- VACANCY (noun): vacante
APPLY: - APPLY (verb): solicitar algo
- APPLICATION (noun): solicitud
- APPLICANT (noun): aspirante
LOCATION: - LOCATION (noun): localizacin
- LOCATE (verb): encontrar
- RELOCATE (verb): trasladarse (de casa)
- RELOCATION (noun): traslado

PRIOR: - PRIOR (adj): previo


- PRIOR TO (adv): antes de
- PRIORITY (noun): prioridad
REDUCE: - REDUCE (verb): reducir, rebajar algo
- REDUCED (adj): rebajado
- REDUCTION (noun): reduccin
HEALTH: - HEALTH (noun): salud
- HEALTHY (adj): sano
- HEALTHILY (adv): de forma sana
- UNHEALTHY (adj): insano
SPEAK: - SPEAKER (noun): orador, conferenciante
- SPOKESMAN (noun): portavoz
HEAR: - MISHEAR (verb): entender mal
- HEAR (verb): or
- HEARING (noun): odo
BEAR: - BEARABLE (adj): tolerable
- UNBEARABLE (adj): insoportable
- UNBEARABLY (adv): insoportablemente
SURE: - ENSURE (verb): asegurarse
- SURENESS (noun): seguridad, certeza
- SURELY (adv): sin duda, por supuesto
QUIET: - QUIETEN (verb): calmar
- QUIETNESS (noun): tranquilidad
- QUIETLY (adv): en silencio, tranquilamente
SUBSCRIBE: - SUBSCRIPTION (noun): suscripcin
- SUBSCRIBE (verb): suscribir
- SUBSCRIBER (noun): suscriptor
GLOBE: - GLOBE (noun): globo terrqueo
- GLOBAL (adj): mundial, global
- GLOBALLY (adv): mundialmente
- GLOBE-TROTTER (noun): trotamundos
- GLOBE-TROTTING (adj): muy viajero
COME: - UPCOMING (adj): venidero, prximo
- FORTHCOMING (adj): venidero, prximo
NEW: - RENEW (verb): renovar
- RENEWABLE (adj): renovable

RENEWAL (noun): renovacin


RENEWED (adj): renovado
NEWNESS (noun): novedad
NEWS (noun incontable): noticias
NEWLY: recin
NEWBORN: recin nacido
NEWLY-WED: recin casado

MEMBER: MEMBERSHIP (noun): afiliacin, miembros, socios.


RECEIVE: - RECEIPT (noun): recibo
- RECEIPTS (noun): ingresos
- RECEIVABLE (adj): pendiente de cobrar
- RECEIVE (verb): recibir
- RECEIVED (adj): admitido
- RECEIVER (noun): receptor de tv/ radio, auricular.
- RECEIVERSHIP (noun): liquidacin
- RECIPIENT (noun): destinatario
PAY: - PAYMENT (noun): pago
- PAYMASTER (noun): tesorero
EQUAL: - EQUAL (adj): igual, equivalente
- EQUAL (noun): igual (otro igual)
- EQUALITY (noun): igualdad
- EQUALLY (adv): igualmente
- EQUAL (verb): igualar
- EQUALISE (verb): lograr el empate, igualar
LIKELY: - LIKEABLE (adj): agradable
- LIKELY (adj): probable. IT IS NOT LIKELY TO RAIN
- LIKELY (adv): probablemente
- LIKELIHOOD (noun incontable): probabilidad
- LIKENESS (noun): parecido
- TO DO LIKEWISE: hacer lo mismo
- LIKING (noun): simpata, agrado

DANGER: - DANGER (noun): peligro


- DANGEROUS (adj): peligroso
- DANGEROUSLY (adv): peligrosamente
- ENDANGER (verb): poner en peligro
EXTEND: - EXTENSION (noun): extensin
- BY EXTENSION: por extensin

EXTENSIVE (adj): extenso (rea), intensivo (cultivo), a fondo


(investigacin), frecuente (uso)
EXTENSIVELY (adv): extensamente, normalmente, a fondo.
EXTEND (verb): extender

IMPROVE: - IMPROVEMENT (noun): mejora


- IMPROVABLE (adj): mejorable
- IMPROVER (noun): persona que mejora las cosas
ANALYSE: - ANALYSIS (noun): anlisis
- ANALYTICAL (adj): analtico
- ANALYST (noun): analista
CHAMPION: CHAMPIONSHIPS (noun): campeonatos
SYSTEM: - SYSTEMATIC (adj): sistemtico
- SYSTEMATICALLY (adv): sistemticamente
- SYSTEMISE (verb): sistematizar
STATISTIC: - STATISTICAL (adj): estadstico
- STATISTICALLY (adv): estadsticamente
EXIST: - EXISTENCE (noun): existencia
- EXISTENT (adj): existente
MIRACLE: - MIRACULOUS (adj): milagroso
- MIRACULOUSLY (adv): milagrosamente
EXCEPT: - EXCEPTIONALLY (adv): excepcionalmente
- EXCEPTION (noun): excepcin
- EXCEPTIONABLE (adj): algo irritante que te hace sentirte
enfadado
ATTRACT: - ATTRACTION (noun): atraccin
- ATTRACTIVE (adj): atractivo
- ATTRACTIVELY (adv): atractivamente
- ATTRACT (verb): atraer
- ATTRACTIVENESS: atractivo
ADD: - ADDITIONAL (adj): adicional
- ADDITIONALLY (adv): adicionalmente
- ADDITION (noun): incorporacin, adquisicin
- ADDITIVE (noun): aditivo
EDUCATE: - EDUCATE (verb): educar
- EDUCATIONAL (adj): educativo
- EDUCATIONALLY (adv): educativamente

EDUCATION (noun): educacin (acadmica)


EDUCATIONIST (noun): pedagogo

ASCEND: - ASCEND (verb): ascender


- ASCENT (noun): ascenso, cuesta
MISS: - MISS (verb): perder, echar de menos
- MISSING (adj): desaparecido, que falta
- UNMISSABLE (adj): que no te lo puedes perder
BELIEVE: - BELIEVE (verb): creer
- BELIEF (noun): creencia
- BELIEVABLE (adj): creble, verosmil
- UNBELIEVABLE (adj): increble
- BELIEVER (noun): creyente
ACHIEVE: - ACHIEVEMENT (noun): logro
- ACHIEVABLE (adj): alcanzable
- ACHIEVE (verb): lograr, conseguir
REASON: - REASON (verb): razonar
- REASONED (adj): razonado
- REASONABLE (adj): razonable, sensato
- REASONABLY (adv): con sensatez. Bastante
- REASONING (noun): razonamiento
- REASONABLENESS (noun): sensatez, lo razonable
EXHIBIT: - EXHIBITION (noun): exhibicin
- EXHIBIT (verb): exhibir
- EXHIBITIONISM (noun): exhibicionismo
- EXHIBITIONIST (noun): exhibicionista
- EXHIBITOR (noun): persona que exhibe en una galera
RESIDE: - RESIDENT (noun): residente
- RESIDENCE (noun): hogar (formal)
- RESIDENTIAL (adj): residencial
VISION: - VISUAL (adj): visual
- VISUALLY (adv): visualmente
- VISUALISE (verb): visualizar
TITLE: - ENTITLE (verb): titular
NEAR: - NEARBY (adj/ adv): cercano
HYPNOTISE: - HYPNOTIC (adj): hipntico
- HYPNOSIS (noun): hypnosis (estado mental)
- HYPNOTISE (verb): hipnotizar

ADMIT: - ADMISSION (noun): entrada


ENTER: - ENTRY (noun): entrada (THE BURGLAR GAINED ENTRY TO THE
HOUSE)
UNDERSTAND: - UNDERSTANDABLE (adj): fcil de entender
- UNDERSTANDABLY (adv): comprensiblemente
WORTH: - WORTH (adj): TO BE WORTH A VISIT/ TO BE WORTH
VISITING: merece la pena una visita, ser visitado.
- WORTHLESS (adj): sin valor
REPLACE: - IRREPLACEABLE (adj): irremplazable
THIEVE: - THEFT (noun contable e incontable): robo
- THIEF (noun): ladrn
- THIEVES (noun): ladrones
CAUTIOUS: - PRECAUTION (noun): precaucin
- PRECAUTIONARY (adj): preventive (medida)
- CAUTIOUS (adj): cauteloso
- CAUTIOUSLY (adv): de manera cautelosa
PRESENT: - PRESENCE (noun): presencia
- PRESENT (adj): presente
CONSULT: - CONSULTANT (noun): consultor, asesor, mdico especialista
- CONSULTANCY (noun): asesora
- CONSULT (verb): asesorar
- CONSULTATION (noun): consulta
- A CONSULTING LAWYER (adj antes del nombre): un profesional
que aconseja
- CONSULTATIVE (group or document) (adj): que da consejos, que
asesora.
SUBSTANCE: - SUBSTANTIAL (adj): sustancial, grande en tamao, valor o
importancia. Lo principal.
- SUBSTANTIALLY (adv): sustancialmente. Generalmente.
COMMIT: - COMMITMENT (noun): compromiso
- COMMIT (verb): comprometerse
- COMMITTED (adj): comprometido
EAGER: - EAGER (adj): ansioso
- EAGERLY (adv): ansiosamente

EAGERNESS (noun): ansia, muchas ganas. IN THEIR EAGERNESS


TO DO

PACK: - PACKAGE (noun): pack


- PACKAGING (noun): el envoltorio de los productos
- PACKAGE (verb): empaquetar
- PACKET (noun): un paquete de cereales, de chicles
- No confundir con: PARCEL (noun): paquete para mandar por correo
CLOSE (cercano): - CLOSE (adj): cercano
- CLOSENESS (noun): cercana
- CLOSE-BY (adv): cerca
CLOSE (parecido): - CLOSE (adj): parecido. THE RESULTS WERE SO CLOSE
CLOSE (ntimo): - CLOSE (adj): ntimo (amigo, relacin)
- CLOSELY (adv): ntimamente
- CLOSENESS (noun): unin
CLOSE (secreto): - CLOSE (adj): secreto
- CLOSELY (adv): secretamente

CLOSE-UP (noun): primer plano (foto)


CLOSE SEASON (noun): poca del ao en la que no se puede cazar
un determinado animal

SPECTACLE: - SPECTACLE (noun): espectculo


- SPECTACULARLY (adv): espectacularmente
- SPECTACULAR (adj): espectacular
CHARACTER: - CHARACTERISTIC (adj): caracterstico
- CHARACTERISTICALLY (adv): de forma caracterstica
- CHARACTERISE (verb): caracterizar
- CHARACTERLESS (adj): sin personalidad
BUILD: - BUILDER (noun): albail
- REBUILD (verb): reconstruir
STYLISTIC: - STYLE (noun): estilo. Tambin es sufijo: Japanese- style: de estilo
japons
- STYLISTIC (adj): de estilo (semejanzas)
- STYLISTICALLY (adv): estilsticamente (iguales)
- STYLELESS (adj): sin un estilo definido
- STYLISED (adj): estilizado
DOMINATE: - DOMINATE (verb): dominar

DOMINATING (adj): dominante


DOMINATION (noun): dominio de algo

IMPRESS: - IMPRESSIVE (adj): impresionante


- IMPRESSIVELY (adv): impresionantemente
- UNIMPRESSIVE (adj): que no impresiona
HESITATE: - HESITATION (noun): duda
- HESITANT (adj): dubitativo
- HESITANTLY (adv): dubitativamente
- HESITATE (verb): dudar
ACCESS: - ACCESSIBLE (adj): accessible
IMPORT: - IMPORTANCE (noun): importancia
- IMPORTANT (adj): importante
- UNIMPORTANT (adj): que no es importante
FULL: - FULL (adj): lleno
- FULLNESS (noun): completo, llenado
REQUIRE: - REQUIRE (verb): requerir
- REQUIREMENT (noun): requisito
ALPHABET: - ALPHABET (noun): alfabeto
- ALPHABETICAL (adj): alfabtico
- ALPHABETICALLY (adv): alfabticamente
SURPRISE: - SURPRISE (noun): sorpresa
- SURPRISE (verb): sorprender
- SURPRISED (adj): sorprendido
- SURPRISING (adj): sorprendente
- SUPRISINGLY (adv): sorprendentemente
SUBJECT: - SUBJECT (noun): tema, rea de studio
- SUBJECT (noun): sbdito. A BRITISH SUBJECT
- SUBJECT (verb): someter un pueblo o una ciudad
- SUBJECT (adj): sujeto a algo, sometido a algo, propenso a algo
- SUBJECTION (noun): sometimiento
- SUBJECT (noun): sujeto (de una frase)
CURRENT: - CURRENT (adj): actual, ahora, en uso, vigente. Generalizado, comn.
- CURRENTLY (adv): actualmente. Comnmente
MEASURE: - MEASURE (noun): medida, mtodo
SPECIAL: - SPECIAL (adj): especial

- SPECIALLY (adv): especialmente


- SPECIALITY (noun): especialidad (producto de un lugar)
PRECISION: - PRECISE (adj): preciso
- PRECISELY (adv): exactamente
- PRECISION (noun): precisin
POPULATION: - POPULATION (noun): poblacin
- POPULATE (verb): poblar
- POPULOUS (adj formal): muy poblado
COLLECT: - COLLECT (verb): juntar, recoger
- COLLECTION (noun): coleccin
- COLLECTED (adj): que ha sido coleccionado
- COLLECTABLE (noun y adj): coleccionable
- COLLECTOR (noun): coleccionista
- RECOLLECT (verb): recordar
- RECOLLECTION (noun): recuerdo
HOUR: - HOURLY (adj): que ocurre cada hora (bus)
- HOURLY (adv): que ocurre 1 vez a la hora (trains)
INVITE: - INVITATION (noun): invitacin
CORRECT: - CORRECT (adj): correcto
- CORRECTLY (adv): correctamente
- CORRECT (verb): corregir
- INCORRECT (adj): incorrecto
- CORRECTNESS (noun): correccin en cuanto a cuidado (al hablar)
- CORRECTION (noun): correccin (en algo que estaba mal)
- CORRECTIVE (adj): para mejorar algo (medida, accin, ciruga)
REFRESH: - REFRESH (verb): 1. refrescar. 2. actualizar pgina en Internet.
- REFRESHED (adj): ms relajado y cargado de energa
- REFRESHER (noun): curso de reciclaje para recordar cosas (to go
on a refresher course)
- REFRESHING (adj): refrescante
- REFRESHINGLY (adv): refreshingly cold water
- REFRESHMENT/ REFRESHMENTS (noun contable e incontable):
aperitivo
FORMAL: - FORMAL// INFORMAL (adj) oficial, serio, manera de vestir,
- FORMALLY//INFORMALLY(adv)
- FORMALITY (noun contable): formalidad
- INFORMALITY (noun incontable): informalidad

OFFICE: - OFFICE (noun): 1. oficina, despacho. 2. Ministerio (The Home Office,


The Foreign Office) 3. cargo (to hold public office: ocupar un cargo pblico) TO BE
IN OFFICE: estar en el poder. TO BE OUT OF OFFICE (estar fuera del poder)
- OFFICE BLOCK (noun): bloque de oficinas
- OFFICE HOURS (noun): horas de oficina
- OFFICER (noun): 1. oficial (del ejrcito: an army officer) 2. agente
(a press officer: un agente de prensa) 3. directivo (a personnel
officer: un jefe de personal) 4. agente (police officer)
- OFFICIAL (noun): funcionario
- OFFICIAL (adj): oficial
- OFFICIALLY (adv): oficialmente
- OFFICIATE at (verb): oficiar algo, celebrar algo (a priest
officiated at the wedding)
- OFFICIALDOM (noun): burocracia (en sentido negativo)
- OFFICIOUS (adj): mandn
INTRODUCE: - INTRODUCE (verb): 1. presentar 2. usar por primera vez. 3.
introducir un libro/ una charla
- INTRODUCTION (noun): 1. presentacin 2. introduccin en el
mercado (moneda, producto) 3. introduccin de un libro.
- INTRODUCTORY (adj): de iniciacin (curso), preliminar (captulo)
- TO INTRODUCE SOMEONE TO SOMETHING: iniciar a alguien
en algo. (I WAS INTRODUCED TO CHESS BY MY GRANDFATHER:
mi abuelo me inici en el ajedrez)
APPROVE: - APPROVE (verb): 1. aprobar 2. permitir
- DISAPPROVE (verb): desaprobar
- APPROVAL (noun): 1. aprobacin 2. permiso oficial
- APPROVING (adj): de aprobacin (approving looks: miradas de
aprobacin)
- APPROVINGLY (adv): con aprovacin
MYSTERY: - MYSTERY (noun): misterio
- MYSTERIOUS (adj): misterioso
- MYSTERIOUSLY (adv): misteriosamente
SIGNIFY: - SIGNIFY (verb): 1. significar (formal), 2. tener importancia (formal)
- SIGNIFICANCE (noun): trascendencia, importancia
- SIGNIFICANT (adj): significativo, importante, considerable
- SIGNIFICANTLY (adv): significativamente, de forma considerable
THREE: - THIRD (noun, adv): tercero, tercio
- THIRDLY (adv): en tercer lugar
SUPPOSE: - SUPPOSED (adj): supuesto (a supposed genius)
- SUPPOSITION (noun): suposicin
- SUPPOSEDLY (adv): supuestamente

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IGNORE: - IGNORANT (adj): ignorante


- IGNORANCE (noun): ignorancia
ASTONISH: - ASTONISH (verb): asombrar
- ASTONISHED (adj): asombrado
- ASTONISHING (adj): asombroso
- ASTONISHINGLY (adv): increblemente
NIGHT: - NIGHTLY (adj/ adv): que ocurre, que tiene lugar por la noche (twice
nightly: dos veces por la noche)
IMMEDIATE: - IMMEDIATE (adj): inmediato
- IMMEDIATELY (adv): inmediatamente
- IMMEDIACY (noun): proximidad, inmediatez
INCREASE: - INCREASE (verb): aumentar
- DECREASE (verb): disminuir, bajar
- INCREASE (noun): incremento, subida, crecimiento
- DECREASE (noun): disminucin
- INCREASING (adj): creciente
- INCREASINGLY (adv): cada vez ms
REPEAT: - REPETITION (noun): repeticin
- REPEATED (adj): repetido
- REPEATEDLY (adv): repetidamente, varias veces
VARY: - VARY (verb): variar
- VARIATION (noun): cambio, variacin
- VARIETY (noun): variedad
- VARIED (adj): variado, diferente (menu)
- VARIOUS (adj): diversos, varios
- VARIOUS REASONS: diversas causas
- IN VARIOUS PLACES: en varios lugares
- IN VARIOS WAYS: de varias formas
MEMORY: - MEMORY (noun): memoria
- MEMORISE (verb): memorizer
- MEMORABLE (adj): memorable, que merece la pena recordar
- COMMEMORATE (verb): conmemorar
- COMMEMORATIVE (adj): conmemorativo
- COMMEMORATION (noun): conmemoracin
PERSON: - PERSONAL (adj): personal
- PERSONAL AMBITION
- PERSONAL APPEARANCE

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ESTIMATE:

PERSONAL CHOICE
PERSONAL OPINION/ VIEW
PERSONALLY (adv): personalmente (que te afecta o para dar una
opinin: `personally, I think that the event will be a great success.
PERSONALITY (noun): personalidad
PERSONALISE (verb): personalizar
IMPERSONAL (adj): impersonal

ESTIMATE
(noun):
estimacin
(de
- ESTIMATE (verb): estimar
- ESTIMATED (adj): estimado (coste, valor)
- ESTIMATION (noun): tu opinin de algo o alguien

unos

hechos)

SCIENCE: - SCIENCE (noun): ciencia


- SCIENTIFIC (adj): cientfico
- SCIENTIFICALLY (adv): cientficamente
- SCIENTIST (noun): cientfico
POLITICS: - POLITICS (noun): poltica
- POLITICAL (adj): poltico (political leaders)
- POLITICALLY (adv): polticamente
- POLITICIAN (noun): politico (persona)
- POLITICISE (verb): politizar
ECOLOGY: - ECOLOGY (noun): Ecologa
- ECOLOGICAL (adj): ecolgico
- ECOLOGICALLY (adv): que respeta el medio ambiente (an
ecologically friendly means of transport)
- ECOLOGIST (noun): ecologista
KNOWLEDGE: - KNOWLEDGEABLE (adj): erudito
- KNOWLEDGEABLY (adv)
- KNOW-HOW (noun): conocimientos practices
- KNOWING (adj): de complicidad (a knowing wink: un guio de
complicidad)
- KNOWINGLY (adv): con complicidad, adrede, intencionadamente.
EXPLAIN: - EXPLAIN something/ EXPLAIN ONESELF (explicarse uno mismo)
(verbo): explicar
- EXPLANATION (noun): explicacin
- EXPLANATORY (adj): explicativo, aclaratorio
COMPARE: - COMPARE TO/WITH (verb): comparar con. COMPARED TO HER, I
AM SHORT: comparada con ella, soy baja.
- COMPARISON (noun): comparacin
- BY COMPARISON: en comparacin

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IN COMPARISON WITH: en comparacin con


MAKE A COMPARISON: comparar
COMPARABLE TO/ WITH (adj): comparable con
COMPARATIVE (adj): comparativo

SATISFY: - SATISFY (verb): satisfacer (needs, requirements, conditions: SHE


SATISFIES ALL THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE JOB, THERE ARE THREE
CONDITIONS YOU MUST SATISFY IF YOU WANT TO BE A MEMBER):
- SATISFIED (adj): satisfecho
- SATISFYING (adj): satisfactorio, gratificante (comida, resultado,
trabajo)
- SATISFACTION (noun): satisfaccin
- SATISFACTORY (adj): satisfactorio en cuanto a suficientemente
bueno
- SATISFACTORILY (adv): satisfactoriamente (resolverse un
problema)
BIAS: - BIAS TOWARDS (noun): predisposicin, tendencia
- BIAS AGAINST (noun): prejuicio
- TO HAVA A BIAS: tener prejuicios
- WITHOUT BIAS (adv): imparcial
- BIASED (adj): parcial, predispuesto. BIASED IN FAVOUR OF/
TOWARDS something: predispuesto a favour de algo. BIASED
AGAINST sthing: predispuesto en contra de algo.
PUBLISH: - PUBLISH (verb): publicar, editar
- PUBLISHER (noun): editor (persona), editorial (empresa)
- PUBLISHING (noun): industria editorial
- PUBLISHING COMPANY/ PUBLISHING HOUSE: editorial
SAD: - SAD (adj): triste (persona, momento), lamentable (situacin)
- SADDER, SADDEST (adj comparativo, superlativo)
- SADDEN (verb): entristecer
- SADLY (adv): tristemente, desgraciadamente, lamentablemente
- SADNESS (noun): tristeza
SPEED: - SPEEDING (noun): exceso de velocidad
- SPEEDILY (adv): rpidamente
- SPEED (noun): velocidad
- SPEED UP (verb): acelerar (motor, proceso)
- SPEEDY (adj): veloz, rpido (speedier, speediest)
- SPEEDOMETER (noun): velocmetro
HOPELESS: - HOPE (noun): esperanza
- HOPEFUL (adj): optimista (persona), prometedor (pronstico),
esperanzadora (posibilidad)

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BE HOPEFUL: tener esperanzas


HOPELESS (adj): desesperado
HOPEFULLY (adv): con optimismo, con un poco de suerte
HOPELESSLY (adv): desesperadamente

EFFICIENT: - EFFICIENT (adj): eficiente (persona), eficaz (mquina, sistema)


- EFFICIENCY (noun): eficiencia (persona), eficacia, rendimiento
(mquina)
- EFFICIENTLY (adv): eficientemente
PATIENCE: - PATIENCE (noun): paciencia
- PATIENT with (adj): paciente con algo
- PATIENTLY (adv): pacientemente
GUARANTEE: - GUARANTEE (noun): garanta
- GUARANTEE (verb): garantizar, avalar, asegurar
- GUARANTOR (noun): avalista, fiador
- TO BE UNDER GUARANTEE: estar en garanta
- THERE IS NO GUARANTEE THAT HE WONT DO IT AGAIN:
no es seguro que no lo vuelva a hacer
APPEAR: - APPEAR (verb): 1. aparecer 2. presentarse en pblico 3. parecer (happy)
- APPEARANCE (noun): 1. aparicin 2. presentacin (libro) 3.
comparecencia (tribunal) 4. aspecto
OCCUR: - OCCUR (verb): ocurrir, suceder, producirse (un cambio)
- OCCURRENCE (noun): acontecimiento
FOUND: - FOUND something (verb): 1. fundar algo 2. fundamentar (founded on =
basado en)
- FOUNDATION (noun): 1. fundacin 2. fundamento (de sospecha:
totally without foundation = sin fundamento alguno)
- FOUNDER (noun): fundador
CONSEQUENCE: - CONSEQUENCE (noun): consecuencia
- IN CONSEQUENCE: en consecuencia
- OF LITTLE CONSEQUENCE: de poca trascendencia
- OF NO CONSEQUENCE: de ninguna trascendencia
- PRACTICAL CONSEQUENCE: consecuencia prctica
- CONSEQUENTIAL (adj): consecuente
OBLIGATE: - OBLIGATE (verb): obligar
- OBLIGATORY (adj): obligatorio

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OBLIGATION (noun): obligacin


MORAL OBLIGATION: obligacin moral
YOU ARE UNDER NO OBLIGATION TO DO IT: no tienes
ninguna obligacin de hacerlo

DISAPPEAR: - DISAPPEAR (verb): desaparecer


- DISAPPEARANCE (noun): desaparicin
GLAMOUR: - GLAMOUR (noun): glamour
- GLAMOROUS (adj): atractivo
- GLAMORIZE (verb): dar glamour
AUTHORITY: - AUTHORITY (noun): 1. autoridad 2. experto (HE IS AN
AUTHORITY ON GEMS: es un experto en gemas) 3. authorities = autoridades (de un
pas)
- AUTHORIZE (verb): autorizar. TO AUTHORIZE SOMEONE TO
DO STHING: autorizar a alguien a hacer algo.
- AUTHORIZATION (noun): autorizacin
- LEGAL AUTHORIZATION: autorizacin legal
- AUTHORITARIAN (adj): autoritario
- AUTHORITATIVE (adj): autorizado
PRESUME: - PRESUME (verb): suponer. I PRESUME SO: supongo que s
- PRESUMEDLY (adv): supuestamente
- PRESUMPTION (noun): suposicin, atrevimiento, arrogancia.
- PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE: presuncin de inocencia
- PRESUMABLY (adv): se supone que, es de suponer. PRESUMABLY
YOU KNOW HER: supongo que la conoces.
PERCEPTION: - PERCEPTION (noun): percepcin
- PERCEIVE (verb): percibir, observar
- PERCEPTIBLE (adj): perceptible, apreciable
- PERCEPTIBLY (adv): perceptiblemente, sensiblemente
- PERCEPTIVENESS (noun): perspicacia
LOOK: - OVERLOOK (verb): 1. saltarse, pasarse algo por alto sin darse cuenta. 2.
perdonar, hacer la vista gorda. 3. tener vistas a (casa, ventana)
PRACTICE: - PRACTICE (noun): 1. actividad prctica 2. entrenamiento (basketball
practice) 3. to put the plan into practice: llevar el plan a la prctica 4. common
practice: prctica habitual 5. to be in practice: ejercer
- TO BE IN PRACTICE: estar en practices
- TO PUT INTO PRACTICE: llevar a la prctica
- PRACTISE (verb): practicar, ensayar, ejercer. TO PRACTISE
PLAYING THE PIANO: practicar el piano (PRACTISE siempre
seguido de gerundio)
- PRACTISED AT (adj): experto en

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PRACTISING (adj): 1. profesional que est ejerciciendo. 2.


practicante de una religin
PRACTICAL (adj): prctico
PRACTICAL JOKE: inocentada, broma pesada
PRACTICALLY (adv): 1. de manera prctica 2. casi, prcticamente
PRACTICALITY (noun): sentido prctico (persona), viabilidad
(cosa)

REFER: - REFER TO (verb): referirse a, aludir a, consultar (diccionario)


- TO REFER SOMEONE TO A SPECIALIST: mandar a alguien a un
especialista
- He referred me to his latest book: me remiti a su ultimo libro
- REFERENCE (noun): 1. referencia 2. consulta
- REFERENCE BOOK: libro de consulta
- REFERENCE LIBRARY: biblioteca de consulta
- REFEREE: 1. persona que da una referencia personal. 2. rbitro
(deporte)
EXCEL: - EXCEL (verb): EXCEL IN SOMETHING: sobresalir en algo. EXCEL
SOMEONE: aventajar, superar
- EXCELLENCE (noun): excelencia, calidad
- PAR EXCELLENCE: por excelencia
- EXCELLENT (adj): excelente
RELATE: - RELATE (verb): relacionar
- IN RELATION TO: en relacin a
- WITH RELATION TO: con relacin a
- RELATIONSHIP: 1. parentesco (personas) 2. relacin (entre
personas, cosas)
- TO HAVE A GOOD RELATIONSHIP WITH SOMEONE: llevarse
bien con alguien
- WORKING RELATIONSHIP: relacin laboral
- RELATIVE (noun): pariente
- RELATIVE (adj): relativo
- RELATIVELY (adv): relativamente
- RELATIVISM (noun): relativismo
- RELATED (adj): relacionado
DEEP: - DEEP (adj): profundo, hondo, serio. TO BE IN DEEP TROUBLE: estar en
graves apuros
- DEEPEN (verb): profundizar, ahondar, aumentar (conocimientos)
- DEEP- FREEZE (noun): congelador
- DEEP- FREEZE (verb): congelar
- DEEP- FROZEN (adj): ultracongelado
- DEEP- ROOTED (adj): arraigado
- DEEPLY (adv): profundamente, hondo

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DEEPEST : lo ms profundo

CHILD: - CHILD: nio


- CHILDBIRTH: parto
- CHILDCARE: puericultura
- CHILDHOOD: infancia, niez
- CHILDISH: infantil
- CHILDLIKE: infantil (inocencia)
- CHILDPROOF: a prueba de nios
- CHILD PRODIGY: nio prodigio
FAINT: - FAINT (adj): dbil (voz), plido (color), vaga (memoria), mareado
(sensacin)
- FAINT (noun): desmayo
- FAINT (verb): desmayarse
- FAINT-HEARTED (adj): pusilnime
- FAINTNESS: desfallecimiento
- FAINTLY: dbilmente, ligeramente
ATTEND: - ATTEND (verb): 1. asistir (a una reunin) 2. servir (la mesa) 3. cuidar
(medicina) 4. prestar atencin
- ATTENTION (noun): atencin
- ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER: Sndrome de Hiperactividad
- ATTENTION SPAN: capacidad de concentracin
- ATTENTIVE (adj): atento (oyente), corts
- TO BE ATTENTIVE TO: ser atento con
- ATTENTIVELY (adv): atentamente
STRESS: - STRESS (noun): 1. estrs 2. hincapi
- STRESSED (OUT) (adj): estresado
- She's been feeling very stressed since she started her new job. I
was really stressed out before the exam.
- STRESSFUL (adj): estresante
- STRESS (verb): hacer hincapi en
- STRESS OUT (verb): estresar, agobiar
- Interviews always stress me out.
- STRESS AND STRAIN: estrs y fatiga.
AGREE: - AGREE (verb): estar de acuerdo. HE AGREES WITH ME: est de
acuerdo conmigo. TO AGREE TO DO SOMETHING: consentir en hacer algo.
- AGREEABLE (adj): 1. agradable (ambiente) 2. simptica (persona)
3. be agreeable to something: estar de acuerdo con algo
- AGREEMENT (noun): acuerdo.
- To reach an agreement: llegar a un acuerdo
DETER: - DETER (FROM) (verb): desalentar, disuadir de, impedir
- DETERRENT (adj): disuasivo, disuasorio

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DETERRENCE (noun): disuasin


UNDETERRED (adj): sin inmutarse, sin desanimarse. She continued
undeterred: sigui sin inmutarse.

EXCESS: - EXCESS (noun): excedente


- EXCESSIVE (adj): excesivo
- EXCESIVELY (adv): excesivamente
CONCEDE: - CONCEDE (verb): 1. conceder 2. reconocer John conceded that I
was right: John reconoci que tena razn
- CONCESSION (noun): concesin, privilegio
FORCE: - FORCE (noun): fuerza
- BY FORCE: a la fuerza
- IN FORCE: vigente
- TO COME INTO FORCE: entrar en vigor
- THE POLICE FORCE: la polica
- WORK FORCE: mano de obra
- FORCE (verb): 1. forzar, obligar. To force someone to do
something: obligar a alguien a hacer algo. 2. forzar (abrir con
violencia) The thieves forced the door.
- FORCED (adj): forzado (aterrizaje, sonrisa)
- FORCEFUL (adj): enrgico, vigoroso (temperamento); convincente
(argumento)
- FORCEFULLY (adv): energticamente
- FORCIBLE (adj): contundente, por la fuerza
- FORCIBLY (adv): a la fuerza/ por la fuerza
- FORCIBLE ENTRY: allanamiento de morada
FREQUENT: - FREQUENT (adj): frecuente, habitual
- FREQUENT (verb): frecuentar. HE FREQUENTS DISCOS:
frecuenta las discotecas
- FREQUENTLY (adv): frecuentemente, a menudo
- FREQUENCY (noun): frecuencia
COMPENSATION: - COMPENSATION (noun): compensacin, indemnizacin (por
daos)
- UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION: prestacin por desempleo
- COMPENSATE (verb): compensar
- COMPENSATORY (adj): compensatorio, de indemnizacin
CORRELATION: - CORRELATION (noun): correlacin
- CORRELATE (verb): correlacionar

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PREFIXES

UNATTAINABLE: inasequible
NON-EXISTENT
ILLEGITIMATE
IRRESISTIBLE
INACCESIBLE
UNPREPARED
UNAWARE
INEXPENSIVE: econmico
UNCONSCIOUS
INTOLERANT
UNLIKELY: poco probable, raro, inverosmil
IMPROBABLE: improbable, inverosmil
DISSATISFIED: descontento
IMPATIENT
UNCOMPLICATED
UNABLE: incapaz
INCAPABLE: incapaz
UNENTHUSIASTIC: poco entusiasta
ILLEGIBLE
IRRATIONAL
IMPERFECT
NON-RESIDENT

UNDO
DISAPPROVE
ANTICLOCKWISE: en sentido contrario a las agujas del reloj
MISUNDERSTAND
DISUSED/ MISUSED/ UNUSED
DEBRIEFING: en detalle
MISCAST: hacer mal el reparto de papeles (casting)
UNWRAP
DISEMBARK: desembarcar (from the plane: del avin)
DECENTRALISE
ANTICLIMAX: decepcin
DISPROVE: refutar, desmentir
DECLASSIFY
DISINCENTIVE: traba, freno
UNCONFIRMED
DISMOUNT: apearse
UNDAMAGED
UNCOMMON
UNEMPLOYMENT

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DEPERSONALISE: despersonalizar
MISFIRE (verb): fallar (arma, motor, plan)
ANTICYCLONE

CO- WORKER: colaborador


OVERBALANCE: perder el equilibrio
COUNTERBALANCE: hacer de contrapeso
CO-PILOT: copiloto
COUNTERCLAIM
CO-AUTHOR
OVERPRICED: demasiado caro
COUNTERATTACK: contraataque
OVERESTIMATE: sobrestimar
OVERREACT: reaccionar exageradamente
CO-DIRECTOR
CO-OPERATE
OVERANXIOUS: aprensivo, sobreprotector
COUNTER-SPIONAGE
OVERBOARD: man overboard: hombre al agua. To go overboard: pasarse
OVERSIMPLIFY: simplificar demasiado
CO-EDUCATIONAL: mixto (colegio)
OVERDUE: atrasado, con retraso (en pago, obras)
OVERDOSE of: sobredosis de

OUTPOURING: flujo
EX-WIFE
OUTLAST: durar ms, sobrevivir a
OUTVOTE: derrotar a alguien ganando ms votos
REDIRECT: remitir (una carta), desviar (el trfico)
UNDERCOOKED: poco hecho
REORGANISE
EX-BOYFRIEND
RE-ELECT
UNDERMINE: socavar, minar
OUTSIZE: talla sper grande de ropa
REDISTRIBUTE
UNDEREXPOSURE
OUTSAY
RECLAIM: recoger (equipaje), recuperar (objetos perdidos), reclamar
(gastos)
REUNITE: reunir
REASSURE: tranquilizar, asegurar
UNDERCLOTHES: ropa interior (plural)
UNDERACHIEVEMENT: resultado por debajo de lo exigido
REINTEGRATE

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HYPERACTIVE
AMORAL
MALNUTRITION
NEO-NAZI
MALFORMATION
APOLITICAL
HYPERSENSITIVE
MONOSYLLABLE
NEOCLASSICAL
HYPERCRITICAL
MALFUNCTION
ASYMMETRICAL
MALADJUSTED
HYPERMARKET
MONOTONE: montono

Make ADJECTIVES from these verbs and nouns


- FOG: FOGGY
- HELP: HELPFUL/ HELPLESS
- DESTROY: DESTRUCTIVE
- BEFRIEND: hacerse amigo de FRIENDLY/ FRIENDLESS
- HATE: HATEFUL
- CHILD: CHILDISH/ CHILDLESS/ CHILDPROOF
- TRAGEDY: TRAGIC
- FIRE: FIREPROOF
- HUMOUR: HUMOROUS/ HUMOURLESS
- MAGIC: MAGICAL
- HOME: HOMELY: casera (persona), familiar (ambiente)/ HOMELESS
- WASH: WASHABLE
- NOSTALGIA: NOSTALGIC
- QUARREL: QUARRELSOME: pendenciero
- GRACE: gracia, elegancia, cortesa GRACEFUL: elegante, corts/
GRACIOUS/ GRACELESS
- HOPE: HOPEFUL/ HOPELESS
- IMAGINATION: IMAGINATIVE
- RELY: RELIABLE
- DRAMA: DRAMATIC
- REALITY: REALISTIC
Make NOUNS from these verbs & adjectives

DEPART: DEPARTURE
ENTERTAIN: ENTERTAINMENT
BETRAY: BETRAYAL
PIOUS: piadoso PIETY: piedad

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BEHAVE: BEHAVIOUR
ATTRACT: ATTRACTION
ARRIVE: ARRIVAL
EMANCIPATE: EMANCIPATION
DARK: DARKNESS
PATIENT: PATIENCE
SATISFY: SATISFACTION
RUDE: RUDENESS: grosera
PLEASE: PLEASURE
MAINTAIN: MAINTENANCE
ADVERTISE: ADVERTISEMENT
THEORETICAL: THEORY
DELIVER: DELIVERY/ DELIVERANCE
WIDOW: WIDOWHOOD: viudez, viudedad
AVAILABLE: AVAILABILITY
TOLERANT: TOLERANCE

Make VERBS from these adjectives & nouns

HORROR: HORRIFY
WIDE: WIDEN
STRAIGHT: STRAIGHTEN (enderezar)
REAL: REALISE (darse cuenta)
CATEGORY: CATEGORISE
LONG: LENGTHEN
HIGH: HEIGHTEN (realzar, aumentar)
INTENSE: INTENSIFY
IDEAL: IDEALISE
SHORT: SHORTEN
CRITICAL: CRITICISE
RED: REDDEN (1. enrojecerse 2. teir de rojo)
PEACE: PACIFY (pacificar, tranquilizar)
FALSE: FALSIFY
COMPUTER: COMPUTERISE (informatizar)

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