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# M&S Learning Centre 0122026649

1. Diagram 1 shows two hazard warning symbol. Label the hazard symbol using the
word given.

(a) Potassium and sodium are very reactive metals. Explain how these metals are
stored and explain why they are stored in this way.

## M&S Learning Centre 0122026649

2.
(a) Diagram 2 shows a balloon. The balloon inflates when sodium bicarbonate in
it is mixed with vinegar.

## Explain this observation.

(b) Robert puts two drops of an indicator into vinegar, and the colour turned red.
He then added drops of ammonia solution until the colour disappeared.
(i)
(ii)

## Name the process that has occurred.

What is the pH of the solution formed at the end of the activity?

## M&S Learning Centre 0122026649

3. .
(a) Diagram 3 shows two types of symbiosis interaction between organisms.

(i)
(ii)

## Write the types of symbiosis of P and Q,

State a difference between P and Q.

## (a) Name the phenomenon that is shown in Diagram 4.

(b) Indicate and label the angles below on Diagram 4.
Angle of refraction

Angle of incidence

## M&S Learning Centre 0122026649

5. Diagram 5.1 shows three main classes of food contained in a 35g of chocolate bread.
The masses fraction of each class is shown in the pie chart below.

(a) .
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

The pie chart shows that the content food class Y is the highest in the
making of chocolate bread. What is Y?
Explain why people who are suffering from diabetes are advised not to
take in too much of class Y?
A student carries out a food test on the sample of chocolate bread to test
the presence of classes of food above. Table 1 shows the food test.
Food test
Iodine test

observation
1.

Millions test

2.

(b) Diagram 5.2 shows a plate of fried noodle, a glass of milk and two pieces of
papaya taken by Fakhri during his breakfast.

## Table 2 shows the calorific value of the food.

Calculate the total calorific value of food taken by Fakhri for his breakfast.
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## (a) Determine the voltmeter reading if the ammeter reading records 4 A.

(b) Diagram 6.2 shows two types of circuits, P and Q.

Based on Diagram 6.2, which circuit produces brighter bulbs? Explain your
(c) Diagram 6.3 shows an electric circuit.

Calculate the resistance of resistor of resistor X if the current flowing through the
ammeter is 3A.
7.
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## M&S Learning Centre 0122026649

(a) Complete the flow chart to show the pathway of an impulse through the nerves
after a stimulus is detected by the skin.

(b) Explain why an injection is usually given at the forearm or hip of a patient?
(c) Lous Brallie, who was blind, invented the Brallie system. Explain how this system
enables blind and visually impaired people to read and write.

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8. The end products of combustion depend on the substance that is burnt. There are
two types of substance which are carbon and hydrocarbon.

## (a) State one example of carbon substances.

(b) Light energy and heat energy that are produced during combustion comes from
chemical energy in the fuel.

(i)

## Write the word equation for the above combustion

(ii)

If the activity is done using a candle, write the word equation for the
combustion.

## (a) In the spaces provided, draw the arrangement of particles in Q and S

respectively.
Q

(b) Based on the answer in 9(a), explain why gas can be compressed but liquid
cannot be compressed.
(c) .
(i)
Sound can be transferred through solid, liquid and gas. Arrange the rate
of transfer of sound through the states of matter from the slowest to the
fastest.
(ii)
Explain why travels at different rate through the matters sound.
(d) Explain why sound cannot be transferred through vacuum.

## M&S Learning Centre 0122026649

10. Diagram 8 shows the set-up of an electric circuit to investigate the function of a
simple transformer.

## Step 1: set up the circuit with an a.c input of 12V

Step 2: wind 40 turns in the primary coil and 20 turns in the secondary coil,
Step #: record the reading of the output voltage.
Step 4: repeat the experiment by varying the number of turns in the
secondary coil to 30, 40, 50 and 60 turns, record the voltmeter readings in all
cases.
The table below shows the results of the experiment.
Number of turns in primary
coil
40
40
40
40
40

Number of turns in
secondary coil
20
30
40
50
60

## Output voltage (V)

6
9
12
X
18

(a) Based in the results shown in the table above, what is the value of X?
(b) Identify the following variables:
(i)
Constant variable:
(ii)
Manipulated variable:
(iii)
Responding variable:
(c) How does the voltmeter reading change with the number of turns in the
secondary coil?
(d) Based on the result of the experiment, what is the use of transformer of a
transformer?
(e) A transformer can only use alternating current. Why?
(f) The diagram below shows four types of transformers. Which transformer
P

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## M&S Learning Centre 0122026649

11. Diagram 9. 1 shows four activities.

(a) Which activities show no work is done? Give one reason for your answer
(b) Diagram 9.2 shows a man pulling a trolley bag in two different situations, Y and Z.

Based in Diagram 9.2, in which situation shows more work done? Explain your
(c) Calculate the work done in situation Z.
[Work done = force x distance, and weight of a 1.0kg load= 10N]

(d) Diagram 9.3 shows Daniel who is hanging on his clothes to dry. His pants, shirt and
towel have masses of 1.5kg, 0.8 kg and 0.3 kg respectively.

(i)
(ii)

## Is it wise of Daniel to arrange his clothes as shown in diagram 9.3? Explain.

Describe how the clothes should be arranged so that a minimum force is
exerted.

12. The following graph shows the solubility curves of three different salt in water.
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## M&S Learning Centre 0122026649

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Based on the graph, what are the two affecting stability of salts?
Explain the solubility of potassium nitrate as the temperature changes.
Which salt is most soluble in water at 20C?
What can be concluded about the solubility of the potassium nitrate and lead
nitrate at 50C?
(e) Which of the salts solubility is least affected by temperature? Explain.
(f) A student wants to dissolve sugar in water as quickly as possible. Suggest three
ways he could do to increase the rate to dissolving.

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(a) ,
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

## What will happen to the lime water?

Write a word equation to represent the reaction in the experiment.
What conclusion can be drawn from this experiment?

## (b) Explain the formation of lime water.

(c) .
(i)
Apart from heating, state a method to release gas from mineral of calcium
carbonate.
(ii)
Write a word equation for the reaction in 13 (c) (i).
(d) Explain why silicon compounds more stable compared to calcium compounds
are.

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## M&S Learning Centre 0122026649

14.
(a) Zakwan works as a teacher in a rural area, he needs to use a raft to go to the
nearest town. The raft is shown in Diagram 11.1.

(i)
(ii)
(iii)

## State the concept that has been applied on the raft.

Bamboo poles used to make raft. Explain why
What will happen if the bamboo are replaced with solid iron? Explain why.