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8 Biology, Ms.

Mayfield

1.2 Classifying living things


Biologists classify living things (organisms) using a set of characteristics that, in
combination, are unique to each group. These groups can then be split up into
smaller subgroups using ever more specific characteristics.
Using the information in the PPt, complete the questions on this worksheet.
All organisms are split up into 5 kingdoms:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The kingdom we humans belong to are the __________________. One way to tell, if
an organism belongs to this kingdom is by
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
The smaller groups in a kingdom are called phyla (singular: phylum). Two of the
phyla inside our kingdom are the vertebrates and the arthropods. (You may
have to look for information on arthropods in the iGCSE book pg 6) They show the
following characteristics:

Vertebra
tes
Arthrop
ods

1.2 Classifying living things: Vertebrates


Class

Phylu
m

Characteristics

8 Biology, Ms. Mayfield

Fish

Amphibia
ns

Reptiles

Birds

Mammals

Crustace
ans

Arachnid
s

Insects

Myriapod
s

8 Biology, Ms. Mayfield

8 Biology, Ms. Mayfield