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I am building an automatic fragrance dispenser (AFD) from scratch and, because I am a little

crazy, I want to build the system myself as well. The idea is to drive a processor (CPU) cooler
fan with a passive infrared (PIR) motion sensor. This touch-free, sensor-controlled fragrance
dispenser can be supplied directly with a standard 9-V (6F22) battery. This little AFD fans a
fresh scent through the air and can be placed on walls, on stands, in hallways, and in public
restrooms.
My AFD is comprised of two equally important sections. The first one is the fragrance engine
a combination of a standard processor cooling fan and an air freshener. The second one is the
controller a passive infrared motion-sensor-based fan switcher built around a handful of
inexpensive components. As shown below, the cooling fan is placed on top of the air freshener
(thanks to its stiff frame), while the cooler fan cable is extended to the controller circuit. This
arrangement ensures clear visibility of the content level without opening the controller box
packed with delicate electronic components.

Fragrance Engine Parts (used by me):


Odonil Jasmine Mist Fragrance Block x1
AMD CPU Cooler Fan x1
At the heart of the controller is a popular passive infrared motion detector, a type SB0061. The
PIR (passive infrared) sensor is a pyroelectric device that detects motion by measuring changes
in the infrared levels emitted by surrounding objects. The device contains a special filter called a
fresnel lens, which focuses the infrared signals onto the element. As the ambient infrared signals
change rapidly, the on-board amplifier wakes up the output to indicate a valid motion. This can
be seen as a high-level signal at the output pin.

The output (OUT) of the motion sensor module (PIR) is connected directly to the base of
transistor T1 (the sensor module has a suitable bias resistor onboard). When motion is detected,
the sensor output goes high to about 3.3 V. During idle conditions, transistor T1 is cut off and the
collector output is at a high level. When motion is sensed, the high output from the sensor
module saturates transistor T1 and the voltage at its collector drops to activate the driver
transistor (T2). Now the cooler fan (FAN) is powered through T2 for a limited duration,
determined by the time delay setting of the PIR sensor module (decided by its on-board delay
preset pot). The red lamp (LED1) is an indicator of the fan activity.

Controller Components (used by me):

PIR1 = SB0061 PIR Sensor Module x1

T1 = BC547B x1

T2 = SK100B x1

LED1 = 5-mm Red x1

R1,R3 = 1K w x1 each

R2 = 10K w x1

BAT = 9-V/6F22 Battery x1

FAN1 = 12-V/180-mA, 80-mm CPU Cooler Fan (part of an AMD CPU Cooler) x1

The standard IEC-6F22 9-V battery has a typical capacity of only 400 mAh. Therefore, to save
the battery (and the fragrance block), delay of the motion sensor should be adjusted to its
minimum value (~5 s, when the pot is at its CCW position). Also note that in a three-wire fan,
the first two wires (black and red) are for the power supply (as usual), and the third wire is an
open-collector output from the built-in Hall sensor of the fan. This tacho wire output pulses in
tune with the rotation of the fan. It seems that a yellow, green, white, or blue wire is often used as
the tacho pulse wire in a three-wire fan.
If you want to build your own AFD featuring an individually programmable fragrance release
with motion sensor and timed interval, you can add this ready-made 555 module to the controller
electronics. As this takes time and patience, I have not yet tried it, but when I do work on it, I
will share my experience.

Furthermore, I should mention that I dont exactly recommend using my concept of the fragrance
engine since there are many ways to improve it (assuming you have an artistic mind), but
hopefully it can serve as a starting point for your own design. I would love to hear from you
regarding your experiences with this project or if you need any technical assistance!