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ABSOLUTE MONARCHY

History or The age of Absolute Monarchy


By the end of Renaissance new nation were formed in Europe. Many of these nations were
ruled by powerful kings with unlimited power known as absolute monarchs. The era from 1600 to
mid- 1700s was known as the age of absolutism.
Great Famous leaders in these era
Louise XIV of France
He ruled France for 72 years. He proclaimed the (Letatcestmoi) I AM THE STATE.
What Louis did say was: "The interests of the state come first. When one gives these priority, one
labors for one's own good. These advantages to the state redounds to one's glory." Louise XIV
called himself the SUN KING because he felt that French emanated from him. Louise XIV
encouraged manufacturing to make France self-sufficient. With this wealth, Louis built a powerful
army
& transformed France into the most powerful nation in Europe. He used wealth & art to glorify
himself, including constructing a massive palace called Versailles. But then decades of lavish
spend lead to massive debts and taxes French people overthrew the monarchy.
Peter the great of Russia
By
the
time
Peter
the
Great
became
czar
in
1682,
Russia was a large empire. But Russia was not as advanced as Western European nations. Russia
was isolated from Western Europe & knew very little about the new ideas of the Renaissance.
While European nations grew wealthy from trade, made cultural advances, & had strong
economies.
Russia had no advanced industry, no overseas colonies, & an economy
of small-scale farmers. Most Russians were feudal peasants working for nobles (called boyars).
Czar Peter the Great wanted to modernize & Westernize Russia to catch up with Europe. In
disguise, Peter toured Europe to learn new ways to modernize Russia. While in Europe, Peter
learned new ideas about shipbuilding, manufacturing, govt organization, city planning, music, &
fashion.
When
he
returned
from
Europe,
Peter
imposed
new
reforms
to Westernize Russia: Adopted European fashions by banning beards for men & veils for women.

Frederick the Great of Prussia


Known as the Great Elector. He was King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786. His most
significant accomplishments during his reign included his military victories, his reorganization
of Prussian armies, his patronage of the Arts and the Enlightenment in Prussia, and his final
success against great odds in the Seven Years' War. He modernized the Prussian bureaucracy
and civil service and pursued religious policies throughout his realm that ranged from tolerance
to segregation which means reformer who abolished torture and established freedom of religion
and press. He considered himself "the first servant of the state.

Absolute monarchy
Absolute monarchy or despotic monarchy is a monarchical form of government in which
the monarch has absolute power among his or her people. Absolute monarchies are
often hereditary but other means of transmission of power are attested. An absolute monarch

wields unrestricted political power over the sovereign state and its people. Absolute monarchs
controlled
all
aspects
of their nations, including taxes, religion, the military, & the economy. Absolute monarchs
believed
in
divine
right,
the
idea
that
God
created
the
monarchy
& kings answered only to God, not the people.

Some Countries where the monarch still maintains absolute power


The modern world has revolutionized to adopt the democratic and republic government as
the best and functional system of governance. Over the years, there have been many wars and
protests, waged at small and large scales to overthrow dynasties and monarchs and end the rule
of single leaders. But even today, there are several countries where the monarchial system of
government persists without disturbance. Most of these countries are amongst the worlds
richest and have flourished both economically and culturally under the rule of their monarchs.

Realm

Vatican City
State

Kingdom of
Swaziland

Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia

State of Qatar

Sultanate of
Oman

Brunei
Darussalam

Monarch

Since

HH Pope Francis

13 March 2013

HM King Mswati
III

25 April 1986

CTHM King Salm

23 January

an bin Abdulaziz

2015

HH Emir Tamim
bin Hamad

HM Sultan Qaboo
s bin Said

25 June 2013

23 July 1970

Length

3 years,
174 days

30 years,
131 days

Succession

Ex officio

Hereditary and elective

1 year, 224 days Hereditary and elective

3 years, 70 days

46 years,
42 days

HM Sultan Hassa

4 October

48 years,

nal Bolkiah

1967

335 days

Hereditary

Hereditary

Hereditary

United Arab
Emirates

HH President Kha 3 November

11 years,

lifa bin Zayed

305 days

2004

Elective and hereditary

Report
In
English 307
Language and society
(ABSOLUTE MONARCHY)

Submitted to: Mr. Marlind Isabelo Marcelo

Dean of Bachelor of Arts

Submitted by: Miss Crizza Mae Agtarap

Bachelor of Arts IV