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Math 30-1 Midterm Review
Transformation, functions,

- Trigo Functions
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Chapter 1 Review

Multiple Choice

then transformed to (5, 5). Which of the

following is a possible equation of the

transformed function?

A y 1 f (x 2)

C y 1 f (x 2)

B y 1 f (x 2)

D y 1 f (x 2)

y x

3.

reflected vertically, and then horizontally

translated left 3. Which equation represents

the transformed function?

y 2 x 3

A

2) 5, the (2, 5) becomes (x, y). Determine

the value of (x, y).

1

3

, & then horizontally translated 3 units left

and vertically translated up 1 unit. Which of

the following points is on the transformed

function?

A (0, 0)

state the range of the new function g(x) f

(x 2) 3.

1

2

of

and compressed vertically by a factor

of . Determine the equation of the

transformed function.

10. f (x) x2 x 2 is multiplied by k to

create a new function g(x) kf (x). If the

graph of y g(x) passes through the point (3,

14), state the value of k.

11.

relation.

a)

b)

y 2 x 3

B

y 2 x 3

C

y 2 x 3

D

produce a graph with the same x-intercepts

a y f (x)?

A y f (x) B y f (x) C y f (x 1) D y f (x) 1

5. Given the graph of y f (x), what is the

invariant point under the transformation y

f (2x)?

A (1,

0)

1

B (0,

)

y f(x) be if y is replaced with y in the

equation y f(x)?

A Reflected in the x-axis. B Reflected in the y-axis.

C Reflected on line y x. D Reflected on line y 1.

Short Answer

shown.

a)

y f (x) maps onto

the point (1, 2) on y

g (x), describe the

transformation and

state the equation of

g (x).

(1, 2) on y g (x), describe the transformation and

state the equation of g (x).

13.

Consider the graph of the function y f

(x).

y 3f (2 (x 1)) 4. b) Sketch the graph.

f ( x)

?

3).

graph yg(x) compared to yf(x)

b) If h(x) f (mx), describe how m affects the x-int of

the graph of y h(x) compared to yf(x).

15. Complete the following for f (x) x2 2x

1.

b) What are the coordinates of the vertex of xf ( y).

c) State the equation of the inverse. d) Restrict the

domain of y f (x) so that its inverse is a function.

2

Chapter 2 Review

Multiple Choice

{x | x 2, x R}

{ y | y 3, y R}

& range of

?

y 3 x2

y3 x2

A

B

y 3 x2

y3 x2

C

D

2. Given that (x, 4x2), x 0, is on the function y f (x),

y f ( x)

which of the following is the point

on?

x,

x,

2x)

y f ( x)

3. The radical function

has an x-int at 2. If the

graph of the function is stretched horizontally by a factor of

A (

4x2)

1

2

5.

f ( x) k 3( x 1) 4.

What is the value of k?

A 2

B 2

f ( x) x .

6. The point (4, y) is on

The graph is

transformed into g (x) by a horizontal stretch by a factor

of 2, a reflection about the x-axis, and a translation up 3

units. Determine the coordinates of the corresponding

point on the graph of g (x).

7. State the invariant point(s) when y x2 25 is

y x 2 25.

A 2

B 1

Short Answer

2

1

C 2

transformed into

f (x) 2x

8.

the equation of the translated function g (x).

9. This graph is of the function y f (x).

a)

Determine the

equation of the

graph in the

form

f ( x ) b( x h ) k .

b) Determine the

equation in simplest

y x

10. a) Describe the transformation of

y 4 2 x 3.

to

y 4 2 x 3.

b) State the domain and range of

c) Explain how the graph of the transformed function

0 2 x 3 4.

can be used to solve the equation

f ( x)

11.

reflected in the y-axis, vert. translated up 3 units, and

horizontally translated left 5 units. Write the equation of

the transformed function, g (x), and sketch g (x),

function of the form P(x) ax3 bx2 cx d

is shown.

Which statement

about the values

of a and d is

correct?

A a 0 and d 0

B a 0 and d 0

C a 0 and d 0

D a 0 and d 0

and 2, and y-intercept 6?

A (x 3)(x 1)2(x 2) B (x 3)(x 1)(x 2)

C (x 3)(x 1)(x 2) D (x 3)(x 1)(x 2)2

3. The graph of P(x)ax4 bx3 cx2 dx e is

shown

x 1 3x 7

13. Mary solved

algebraically and

determined that the solution is x 3 and x 2. John

solved the same equation graphically. He sketched

y 3x 7,

graphs of the functions y x 1 and

and

determined that the point of intersection is (3, 4).

x 1 3 x 7.

a) Determine the correct solution to

b) Explain how Marys and Johns solutions relate to

the correct solution.

3x 1 2 x 2.

2

14. a) Solve

restrictions on the variable.

b) Identify any

c) Verify your solution.

d 12.7 h ,

kilometres, is given by

where h is the

height above ground, in metres, from which the horizon

is viewed. If you can see a distance of 32.5 km from the

roof of a building, how tall is the building, to the nearest

tenth of a metre?

Chapter 3 Review

Multiple Choice

statements.

i) The y-int at point S

is

equal to the

constant e.

ii) a 0

iii) The multiplicity of

the

zero at point T is 2.

A Statement i) is true.

B Statement ii) is true.

C Statement iii) is

4. f (x) (x 4)(x 2)(x 6) is horizontally

expanded by a factor of 2. Which statement

is true?

A The new zeros of the function are12, 8,

4.

B The new zeros of the function are 3, 2,

1.

C The new y-intercept is 96.

D

The new y-intercept is 24

Short Answer

x 5, the remainder is 2. Determine the

value of k.

6.The graph of the polynomial function P(x)

a(x b)(x c)(x d) is shown. Determine the

value of a.

and range of f (x) are changed.

Chapter 4 Review

Multiple Choice

7

4

2

2

2

2

2. Determine tan if

what are the values of b and c?

8. The volume of a box is represented by the

function V(x) x3 6x2 11x 6. The height

of the box is x 2. If the area of the base is

24 cm2, determine the height.

9. Determine the largest possible solution to

the polynomial equation x3 10x2 33x 36.

10.

Perform the division (x3 5x2 x 5) (x

2). Express the result in the form

P( x)

xa

11.

Q( x )

5

12

12

13

5

12

and cos 0.

12

5

D

P

7

6

if P() is the point of

intersection of the terminal arm & the unit circle?

1 3

2, 2

3 1

2 , 2

3 1

2 , 2

3 7

,

4 4

5

,

4 4

xa

0, , ,

5

4

14.

The graph of the function f (x) x3 is

translated horizontally to create g(x). If the

point (4, 8) is on g(x), determine the

equation of g(x).

15.

1

2

stretched by a factor of

about the y-axis,

reflected in the x-axis, and translated

3

7

, ,

4

4

13.

Graph f (x) x x 10x 8. State the xints, y-ints, and the zeros of the function.

Determine the intervals where the function is

positive and negative.

3

0,

D

3

2 , 2

12.

The graph of y x x cx 4 has an xint of 1. Determine the value of c and the

remaining x-ints

3

.

Factor x4 13x2 12x completely.

sin

12

5

C 60 360n, 120 360n, n I

Short Answer

6. Convert to radian measure. Answers in exact values.

a) 270

b) 540c) 150

d) 240

7. Convert the following radian measures to degree

measure. Round answers to 2 decimal places.

a) 3.25 b) 0.40 c)

7

4

d) 5.35

revolution in 1 h. Determine the exact value of the

angle, in radians, the minute hand moves in 135 min.

9.

value of the variable. Round to 2 decimal places.

a)

b)

equation C, 0 .

Chapter 5 Review Multiple Choice

1. The minimum value of the function f () a cos b( c)

d, where a 0, can be expressed as

A ad B adc C

c)

d |a| D

d a

b

d)

1

x

4

y 8 sin

1

x

2

y 8 sin

sin

B

C y 8 sin

(2x)

D y 8 sin

(4x)

5

7

2 cos (120) tan

.

6

4

11. Given that sin 0.3 and cos 0.5, determine the

value of tan to the nearest tenth.

sin

3

2

P() =

3 1

,

,

2 2

13. If

P ?

2

4

5

radians.

a) Draw the angle in standard position.

b) Write a statement defining all angles that are

coterminal with this angle.

15. The point (3a, 4a) is on the terminal arm of an angle in

standard position. State the exact value of the six

trigonometric ratios.

16. Solve the equation sec2 2 0, .

17. Consider the following trigonometric equations.

2 sin 3 0

A

1

x ,

2

6

y sin

directions

12. If

, determine the coordinates of P() where

the terminal arm of intersects the unit circle.

2 cos 1 0

B

C

a) Solve equations A and B over the domain 0 .

12

D 3 units to the left

4. Colin is investigating the effect of changing the values

of the parameters a, b, c, and d in the equation

y a sin b( c) d. He graphed the function f (x) sin

. He then determined that the transformation that does

not change the x-intercepts is described by

A g () 2 sin B h () sin 2

C r () sin ( 2)

D s () sin 2

Short Answer

5. The pedals on a bicycle have a maximum height of 30

cm above the ground and a minimum height of 8 cm

above the ground. A cyclist pedals at a constant rate of

20 cycles per minute. Write an rquation for this periodic

function in the form y a sin (bt) d.

6. Write the equation of a cosine function in the form y a

cos b(x c) d, with an amplitude of 2, period of 6,

phase shift of units left, and translated 3 units down.

7. State the amplitude and range for y 5 sin 3.

graph below?

b) State one single equation that can be solved using the

graph. Then, give the general solution

the bottles distance below the pier.

e) You can reach 0.9 m below the pier. Use your

equation to estimate the length of time, to the nearest

tenth of a second, that the bottle is within your reach

during one cycle.

f ) Write the cosine function for this situation. Would

your answer for part e) change using this equation?

12. Two sinusoidal functions are shown in the graph.

9.

a) What is the general equation of the asymptotes?

b) What are the domain and range?

observers, as shown. The driver and both observers can

hear the boats motor, but the sound that each of them

hears is different, depending on their location in relation

to the boat. The observer in front of the boat hears a

higher-pitched noise than the driver hears. The observer

behind the boat hears a lower-pitched sound than the

driver hears.

b) Which parameters must change to transform the graph

of f (x) to the graph of g(x)?

c) Determine the equation for each of the graphs in the

form y a cos b(x c) d.

Chapter 6 Review

Multiple

Choice

a) Suppose the sound of the boat is modelled by a

sinusoidal function. Which characteristicamplitude,

period, or rangevaries among the three waves?

b) Which parameter in y a sin bt d would change if

all three functions were graphed?

c) Which observers model equation would have the

largest value of the changing parameter?

11. You are sitting on a pier when you notice a bottle

bobbing in the waves. The bottle reaches 0.8 m below

the pier, before lowering to 1.4 m below the pier. The

bottle reaches its highest point every 5 s.

a) Sketch and label a graph of the bottles distance

below the pier for 15 s. Assume that at t 0, the

bottle is closest to the bottom of the pier.

b) Determine the period and the amplitude of the

function.

c) Which function would you consider to be a better

model of the situation, sine or cosine? Explain.

cot 2

1 cot 2

2. The value of (sin x cos x)2 sin 2x is

A 1

B 0

3. The expression

1 tan 2

1 tan 2

A cos 2 B sin 2

C 1 D 2

is equivalent to

C

cos2 D sin2

A 2

B 0

C 2

D not possible

A sec cos sin tan B 1 cos2

cos2 tan2

cos

tan

C

cos2

D

1 cos 2

2

1. D

2. C

4. A

3. C

5

sin .

12

6. A

y

7. {y | y 1, y R}

10. k 3.5

11. a)

Short Answer

5. B

8. (0, 20)

1

f (2 x)

3

9.

b)

sin 2 x

1.23.

1 cos x

7. Given

180, what is the value of ?

cos

5

3

13

2

9. If

g ( x) 2 x

sin .

1

4

about they-axis;

13. a) vertical stretch by a factor of 3 about x-axis, horizontal

1

2

y

y

sin (3 y) cos cos(3 y)sin

2

2

stretch by a factor of

about the y-axis, reflection in the y-axis,

horizontal translation 1 unit

right,

vertical

translation

units upy14. a)

y-intercept

6k; The 4original

b)

intercept is multiplied by the value of k.

sin x csc x 1

x-intercept =

3

m

; The original x-

.15. a) y (x 1)2 b) (0, 1) c)

.

b) Is the equation an identity? Explain.

12. Consider the equation sin2 x cos4 x cos2 x sin4 x.

a) Verify the equation for x 30.

b) Prove the equation is an identity.

1. A

tan x sec x

sin x

cot x

1 sin x

2. B

3. B

4. D

5. B

g ( x) 2( x 6)

360.

b) Prove the equation is an identity

algebraically.

14.

Solve sin 2x cos x 0 algebraically if

x .

15. Solve csc2 x 4cot2 x algebraically. State the general

solution in radians.

1

m

b)

Answers

g ( x) 4 x

6. (8, y 3) or (8, 1)

f ( x) 4( x 1) 2

9. a)

g ( x) 2 x 1 2

9b)

10. a) vertical stretch by a factor of 2 about

the x-axis, translation down 4 units, translation right 3 units

{ y | y 4, y R}

{x | x 3, x R}

b) domain:

; range:

0 2 x 3 4

c) The solutions to

are the x-intercepts of the

g ( x) 4 ( x 5) 3

y 2 x 3 4.

graph of

11.

3

;

2

1. C

2. A

5

;

6

12.

-3;

13. a) x 3 b) Example: Since Mary used an algebraic method,

she must verify her answers. Only x 3 is a solution. John

determined the point of intersection, but only the x-coordinate of

the point of intersection is the solution.

1

,

7

14. a) x

x 1 b) There are no restrictions on the variable.

15. 83.2 m

a

1. C 2. A

8, c 16

8. 5 cm

3

x 5x x 5

x2

3. D

4. A

9. x 4

x 2 3x 7

5. k 7

1

2

6.

7. b

10.

9

x2

2, 2

13.

3. A

4. C

5. D

6. a)

b)

c)

4

;

3

b) 22.92 c) 315

6d)

7. a) 186.21

306.53

d)

9

2

8.

c)

3

4

r 6.99 m d) a 4.28 ft

1 3

1 3

2 , 2 2 , 2

,

1 3

2, 2

13.

14. a)

10.

12. c 4; x-intercepts:

11. 0.6

4

2n, n I

5

b)

4

5

15. sin

, cos

4 ,

3

3

5

12.

2

,

3 3

, tan

csc

5

4

3

4

5

3

, sec

, cot

; Equation B:

,

4 4

b) Equation C is the product of Equation A times

16.

Equation B (i.e., AB C). Therefore, the solution to

17. a) Equation A:

2

, ,

4 3 3

x-intercepts: 4, 1, 2; y-intercept: 9; zeros: 4, 1, 2;

positive intervals: (4, 1), (2, ); negative intervals:

(,4), (1, 2)

2

t 19

3

y 11sin

{x | x R}

14. g(x) (x 2)3

15. The domain

does not change under this transformation. The

range changes due to the reflection and the

{ y | y 0, y R}

translation; it changes from

{ y | y 1, y R}.

to

1. C

2. D

3. D

4. A 5.

1

y 2 cos ( x ) 3

3

6.

7. amplitude: 5; range: {y | 8

y 2, yR}

8. a) y 2cos x and y 1 b) 2cos x 1; x 60

360n, n I, and

n

2

x 300 360n, n I

9. a) x

sin 2 30 cos 4 30

n I b)

n

2

1

2

domain:{ |

R, n I} range: { y | y

R} 10. a) period b) b

10c) Observer B

11. a)

d 0.3 sin

b) Example:

9.

11. a)

sin

0

cot x

sin x

cot x

cos x cos x

sin x 1 cos x

cos x

sin x

6.

sin

2

2

tan x sec x

Left side

5

13

13

16

Right side

c)

1. A 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. D

cos 2 x sin 4 x

graph, so the result of the calculation would be the

same.

12. a) amplitude, horizontal phase shift b)

period or b value, and horizontal central axis or d

f ( x) 6 cos 3 x 6, g ( x) 6 cos x 2

value

1 sin 2 x sin 4 x

e) 1.4 s f )

2

d 0.3 cos

t 1.1;

5

b) amplitude is 0.3 m,

period is 5 s

c) Ensure that answers

are accompanied by an

explanation. Example:

Cosine curve may not

b) Example:

have a phase shift if

you consider a negative Left side sin 2 x cos 4 x

a value (that is, a

sin 2 x (1 sin 2 x) 2

reflection in the x-axis).

sin 2 x 1 2sin 2 x sin 4 x

2

5

t 1.1

5

4

d)

sin x 1 sin x

x

cos x

cos

7. 0.23 8. 150

csc 1

2

5 y

sin

1 1

2

0

10.

sin x 1 sin x

2

1 sin x

sin x 1 sin x

sin x

(1 sin x )

Right side

Right side

sin x

1 sin x

2

n,

n;

3

3

5

,

2 6 6

12. a)

Right side cos 2 x sin 4 x

cos 2 30 sin 4 30

3

2

13

16

1

2

14.

15.

nI

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