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MATRIC HIGHER

SECONDARY SCHOOL,

ARAKKONAM-2

STUDY MATERIAL

FOR PC MATHEMATICS

8 STD

TH

Completed by

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

s.no

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

Units

Rational numbeRs

Linear equations in one

variable

Understanding

quadrilaterals

SquareS & Square rootS

Cubes & cube roots

AlgebrA

Mensuration

ExponEnt & powEr

Direct & inverse

proportions

Factorization

Playing with number

Data hanDling

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

1. Find the number, when 15 is subtracted from 7 times the number, the

A. 5

B. 15

C. 7.5

D. 4

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Let the number be x.

7x -15 = 2x + 10 => 5x = 25 => x = 5

o

View Answer

2. Sum of a rational number and its reciprocal is 13/6. Find the number

A.

3/2

B.

4/2

C.

5/2

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

\begin{aligned} => x + \frac{1}{x} = \frac{13}{6} \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned} => \frac{x^2+1}{x} = \frac{13}{6} \end{aligned}

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

\begin{aligned} => 6x^2-9x-4x+6 = 0 \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned} => (3x-2)(2x-3) \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned} => x = 2/3 or 3/2 \end{aligned}

o

View Answer

3. find the number, difference between number and its 3/5 is 50.

120

A.

123

B.

124

C.

125

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Let the number = x,

Then, x-(3/5)x = 50,

=> (2/5)x = 50 => 2x = 50*5,

=> x = 125

o

View Answer

4. The sum of the squares of three numbers is 138, while the sum of

their products taken two at a time is 131. Their sum is

15

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

20

B.

25

C.

35

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Let the numbers be a, b and c.

Then,

\begin{aligned}

a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = 138

\end{aligned}

and (ab + bc + ca) = 131

\begin{aligned}

(a + b + c)^2 = a^2 + b^2 + c^2 + 2(ab + bc + ca)

\end{aligned}

= 138 + 2 x 131 = 400

\begin{aligned}

=> (a + b + c) = \sqrt{400} = 20.

\end{aligned}

o

View Answer

5. If one third of one fourth of number is 15, then three tenth of number

is

34

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

44

B.

54

C.

64

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Let the number is x,

\begin{aligned}

\frac{1}{3} of\frac{1}{4} * x = 15

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> x = 15\times 12 = 180

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> so \frac{3}{10} \times x = \frac{3}{10} \times 180 = 54

\end{aligned}

o

View Answer

becomes 75. What is that number

A.

10

B.

12

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C.

14

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

=> 3(2x+9) = 75

=> 2x+9 = 25

=> x = 8

o

View Answer

times the reciprocal of the number

17

A.

15

B.

C.

3

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

If the number is x,

Then, x + 17 = 60/x

x2 + 17x - 60 = 0

(x + 20)(x - 3) = 0

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

8. The product of two numbers is 120 and the sum of their squares is

289. The sum of the number is

A. 20

B. 23

C. 27

D. 150

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

We know

\begin{aligned}

(x + y)^2 = x^2 + y^2 + 2xy

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> (x + y)^2 = 289 + 2(120)

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> (x + y) = \sqrt{529} = 23

\end{aligned}

View Answer

9. Three times the first of three consecutive odd integers is 3 more than

twice the third. The third integer is

.

12

A.

13

B.

15

C.

17

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

o

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Then, 3x = 2(x+4)+3,

x= 11

Therefore, third integer x+4 = 15

View Answer

.

10

A.

12

B.

14

C.

16

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Let the number be x.

Then, 15x = x + 196

= 14 x= 196

= x = 14.

o

View Answer

o

\begin{aligned} \frac{1}{5} \end{aligned} of a number exceeds

\begin{aligned} \frac{1}{3} \end{aligned} of the number by \begin{aligned}

7\frac {1}{3} \end{aligned}, then number is

.

15

A.

20

B.

25

C.

30

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Seems a bit complicated, isnt'it, but trust me if we think on this question with

a cool mind then it is quite simple...

Let the number is x,

then, \begin{aligned} (\frac{1}{2}x + \frac{1}{5}x) - \frac{1}{3}x =

o

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

\frac{22}{3} \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> \frac{11x}{30} = \frac{22}{3}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> x = 20

\end{aligned}

View Answer

result is equal to sum of 40 and one-fourth of that number.

.

214

A.

216

B.

114

C.

116

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Let the number is x,

\begin{aligned}

=> \frac{2}{3}x-50 = \frac{1}{4}x + 40

\end{aligned}

o

\begin{aligned}

<=> \frac{2}{3}x-\frac{1}{4}x = 90

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

<=> \frac{5x}{12} = 90

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

<=> x = 216

\end{aligned}

View Answer

10

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

13. Product of two natural numbers is 17. Then, the sum of reciprocals

of their squares is

.

\begin{aligned} \frac{290}{289} \end{aligned}

A.

\begin{aligned} \frac{1}{289} \end{aligned}

B.

\begin{aligned} \frac{290}{90} \end{aligned}

C.

\begin{aligned} \frac{290}{19} \end{aligned}

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

If the numbers are a, b, then ab = 17,

as 17 is a prime number, so a = 1, b = 17.

o

\frac{1}{1^2} + \frac{1}{17^2}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned} = \frac{290}{289}

\end{aligned}

View Answer

14. Sum of three numbers 264, If the first number be twice then second

and third number be one third of the first, then the second number is

.

70

A.

71

B.

72

C.

73

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Let the second number is x, then first is 2x, and third is 1/3(2x)

\begin{aligned}

=>2x + x + \frac{2x}{3} = 264 <=> \frac{11x}{3} = 264

\end{aligned}

o

\begin{aligned}

11

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

=> x = 72

\end{aligned}

15. Sum of two numbers is 25 and their difference is 13. Find their

product.

A. 104

B. 108

C. 114

D. 124

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Friends, this sort of question is quite important in competitive exams,

whenever any question come which have relation between sum, product and

difference, this formula do the magic:

\begin{aligned}

=> (x+y)^2 = (x-y)^2 + 4xy

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

<=> (25)^2 = (13)^2 + 4xy

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

<=> 4xy = (25)^2 - (13)^2

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

<=> xy = \frac{456}{4} = 114

\end{aligned}

View Answer

16. Sum of two numbers is 40 and their difference is 4. The ratio of the

numbers is

.

10:3

A.

5:9

B.

11:9

C.

13:9

o

12

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

\begin{aligned}

=> \frac{(x+y)}{(x-y)} = \frac{40}{4}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> (x+y)= 10(x-y)

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> 9x = 11y => \frac{x}{y} = \frac{11}{9}

\end{aligned}

View Answer

17. Two numbers differ by 5. If their product is 336, then sum of two

number is

.

33

A.

34

B.

36

C.

37

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Friends you remember,

\begin{aligned}

=> (x+y)^2 = (x-y)^2 + 4xy

\end{aligned}

o

\begin{aligned}

=> (x+y)^2 = (5)^2 + 4(336)

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

13

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

\end{aligned}

View Answer

interchanging the two digits is 36, what is the difference between two

numbers

.

2

A.

4

B.

8

C.

12

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Let the ten digit be x, unit digit is y.

Then (10x + y) - (10y + x) = 36

=> 9x - 9y = 36

=> x - y = 4.

View Answer

19. A father is twice as old as his son. 20 years ago, the age of the

father was 12 times the age of the son. The present age of the father (in years)

is

.

11

A.

22

B.

44

C.

33

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Let sons age = x. Then, fathers age = 2x.

12(x 2O) = (2x - 20) so x = 22

Fathers present age = 44 years

o

14

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Exercise 2.2 (NCERT) Part - 1

Question 1 If you subtract from a number and multiply the result by

you get

Solution:

Let the number is m.

length is 2 m more than twice its breadth. What are the length and the breadth

of the pool?

Solution:

15

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Length is 2 m more than the breadth.

Let the breadth of the swimming pool = a metre

Therefore, as per question, length of the swimming pool = (2a + 2) metre

We know that, perimeter of rectangle = 2 (length + breadth)

Therefore, 154 m = 2 [ (2a + 2) + a]

154 m = 2(2a + 2 + a )

154 m = 2 (3a + 2)

154 m = 6a + 4

By subtracting 4 from both sides, we get

154 m 4 = 6a + 4 4

150 m = 6a

After dividing both sides by 6, we get

25 m = a

a = 25 m

Since, length = (2a + 2) m

Therefore, by substituting the value of breadth (a), we get

(2 x 25 + 2) m= (50 + 2) m = 52 m

Thus, length of the given pool = 52 m

16

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

And breadth = 25 m

Question 3 - The base of an isosceles triangle is

triangle is

Solution:

We know that perimeter of an isosceles triangle = Sum of two equal sides +

third side

Let the length of equal sides of the given isosceles triangle = a

And length of unequal side = b

Therefore, perimeter = 2a + b

17

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Question 4 - Sum of two numbers is 95. If one exceeds the other by 15, find

the numbers.

Solution:

Let one number is a.

Therefore, according to question second number = a + 15

Now, as given, sum of two numbers = 95

Therefore,

a + a + 15 = 95

2a + 15 = 95

18

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

2a + 15 15 = 95 15

2a = 95 15

2a = 80

After dividing both sides by 2, we get

Therefore, by substituting the value of a, we get

The second number = 40 + 15 = 55

Thus, first number = 40 and second number = 55

Question: 5 - Two numbers are in the ratio 5:3. If they differ by 18, what are

the numbers?

Solution:

Given, two numbers are in the ratio of 5:3

Their difference = 18

19

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Question: 12 Fifteen years from now Ravis age will be four times his

present age. What is Ravis present age?

Solution:

Let the present age of Ravi = m year

Age of Ravi after 15 years = m + 15 year

According to question, age of Ravi will be four times of his present age.

i.e. Age of Ravi after 15 year = 4 x present age of Ravi

m + 15 = 4 x m

m + 15 = 4 m

After transposing m to RHS, we get

15 = 4m 3

15 = 3m

After dividing both sides by 3, we get

20

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

add

and

Solution:

denominations Rs 100, Rs 50 and Rs 10, respectively. The ratio of the

number of these notes is 2:3:5. The total cash with Lakshmi is Rs 4,00,000.

How many notes of each denomination does she have?

Solution: Given

21

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Number of notes of Rs 50 = 3000

Number of notes of Rs 10 = 5000

Question: 15 - I have a total of Rs 300 in coins of denomination Re 1, Rs 2

and Rs 5. The number of Rs 2 coins is 3 times the number of Rs 5 coins. The

total number of coins is 160. How many coins of each denomination are with

me?

Solution:

Given, total value of Rs = Rs 300

Total number of coins = 160

22

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Number of Rs 2 coins = 3 x number Rs 5 coins

Let the number of coins of Rs 5 = m

Since, the number coins of Rs 2 is 3 times of the number of coins of Rs 5

Therefore, number of coins of Rs 2 = m x 3 = 3m

Now, Number of coins of Re 1 = Total number of coins (Number of Rs 5

coins + Number of Rs 2 coins)

Therefore,

Number of coins of Re 1 = 160 (m + 3m) = 160 4m

Total Rs = (Re 1 x Number of Re 1 coins) + (Rs 2 x Number of Rs 2 coins) +

(Rs 5 x Number of Rs 5 coins)

300 = [1 x (160 4m)] + (2 x 3m) + (5 x m)

300 = (160 4m) + 6m + 5m

300 = 160 4m + 6m + 5m

300 = 160 4m + 11m

300 = 160 + 7m

After transposing 160 to LHS, we get

300 160 = 7m

140 = 7 m

After dividing both sides by 7, we get

23

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Now, since, number of coins of Re 1 = 160 4m

Thus, by substituting the value of m, we get

Number of coins of Re 1 = 160 (4 x 20) = 160 80 = 80

Now, number coins of Rs 2 = 3m

Thus, by substituting the value of m, we get

Number of coins of Rs 2 = 3m = 3 x 20 = 60

Therefore,

Number of coins of Re 1 = 80

Number of coins of Rs 2 = 60

Number of coins of Rs 5 = 20

Question: 16 - The organisers of an essay competition decide that a winner in

the competition gets a prize of Rs 100 and a participant who does not win

gets a prize of Rs 25. The total prize money distributed is Rs 3,000. Find the

number of winners, if the total number of participants is 63.

Solution:

Given, Total number participants = 63

Total prize money distributed = Rs 3000

24

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Who does not win gets a prize of Rs 25

Number of winners = ?

Let the number of winners = m

Since,

Number of winners + Number of losers = Total number of participants

Or, m + Number of losers = 63

By transposing m to RHS, we get

Number of losers = 63 m

Now,

Total Prize money distributed to winners

= Number of winners X prize money distributed to each winner = m X 100 =

100m

Total prize money distributed to losers

= Number of losers X prize money distributed to each loser

= (63 m) X 25 = (63 x 25) 25 m = 1575 25 m

Now,

Total Prize money of winners + Total Prize money of losers = Total prize

money

By substituting the total prize money distributed to winners and total prize

money distributed to losers, we get

100 m + 1575 25 m = 3000

25

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

By transposing 1575 to RHS, we get

100 m 25 m = 3000 1575

75 m = 1425

After dividing both sides by 75, we get

Introduction

Polygon Polygon is a combination of two Greek words Polus + Gonia, in

which Polus means many and Gonia means Corner or angle.

Thus, a plane figure bounded by a finite straight line segment in loop to form

a closed chain.

Classification of Polygons

Polygons are classified as per their sides or vertices they have.

(a) Triangle A triangle has three sides and three vertices.

26

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

vertices.

(c) Pentagon (Penta means five) A pentagon has five sides and five

vertices.

(d) Hexagon (Hexa means six) A hexagon has six sides and six vertices.

(e) Heptagon (Hepta means seven) A heptagon has seven sides and seven

vertices.

27

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

(f) Octagon (Octa means eight) A octagon has eight sides and eight

vertices.

(g) Nonagon (Nona means nine) A nonagon has nine sides and nine

vertices.

(h) Decagon (Deca means ten) A decagon has ten sides and ten vertices.

And so on .

(.) n gon A n-gon has n sides and n vertices. (Where n = 3, 4, 5, 6, ..)

Diagonals

A line segments which connects two non-consecutive vertices of a polygon is

called diagonal.

28

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Regular Polygon

An equilateral and equiangular polygon is called regular polygon. This means

if a polygon has all angles equal and all sides equal is called regular polygon.

For example An equilateral triangle has all angles and sides equal, and

hence is an regular polygon, A square is also a regular polygon.

Irregular polygon

Polygon which has equal angles but not equal sides is called irregular

polygon. For example a rectangle has equal angles but not equal sides, and

hence an irregular polygon.

Quardilateral

This is the combination of two Latin words; Quardi + Latus. Quadri means

four and Latus means side.

Hence, a polygon with four sides is called quadrilateral. In quadrilateral,

sides are straight and are of two dimensional. Square, rectangle, rhombous,

parellelogram, etc. are the examples of quadrilateral.

29

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Angle sum of a polygon = (n 2) x 180

Where n is the number os sides

Example:

A triangle has three sides,

Thus, Angle sum of a triangle = (3 2) x 180 = 1 x 180 = 180

A quadrilateral has four sides,

Thus, Angle sum of a quadrilateral = (4 2) x 180 = 2 x 180 = 360

A pentagon has five sides,

Thus, Angle sum of a pentagon = (5 2) x 180 = 3 x 180 = 540

Similarly, angle sum of any polygon can be calculated.

Understanding Quadrilaterals

Exercise 3

1. Given a parallelogram ABCD. Complete each statement along with

the definition or property used.

30

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

unknowns x, y, z.

(i)

(ii)

31

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

So, Required angle = 180 - 50 = 130

(iii)

x and y are complementary, x and y

= 180 - 80 = 100

(iv)

32

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

So, x = 90

So, y = 180 - (90 + 30) = 60

The top vertex angle of the above figure = 60 x 2=120

Hence, bottom vertex Angle = 120 and

z = 60

(v)

x= 180-(112-40)=28

As adjacent angles are complementary so angle of the bottom left vertex

=180-112=68

33

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

So, z=68-40=28

Another way of solving this is as follows:

As angles x and z are alternate angles of a transversal so they are equal in

measurement.

3. Can a quadrilateral ABCD be a parallelogram if

Answer: (i)It can be , but not always as you need to look for other criteria as

well.

(ii) In a parallelogram opposite sides are always equal, here AD BC, so its

not a parallelogram.

(iii) Here opposite angles are not equal, so it is not a parallelogram.

5. The measures of two adjacent angles of a parallelogram are in the

ratio 3 : 2. Find the measure of each of the angles of the parallelogram.

Answer: Opposite angles of a parallelogram are always add upto 180.

measure of each of the angles of the parallelogram.

Answer: 90, as they add up to 180

34

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

measures x, y and z. State the properties you use to find them.

Hence, y = 110

x = 180 - (110 + 40) = 30, (triangles angle sum)

z = 30 (Alternate angle of a transversal)

8. The following figures GUNS and RUNS are parallelograms. Find x

and y. (Lengths are in cm)

35

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

9. In the given figure both RISK and CLUE are parallelograms. Find the

value of x.

36

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Question 6 Find the angle measures x in the following figures.

Solution:

We know that, angle sum of a quadrilateral = 360

37

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Question - 6 (b)

Solution:

Question - 6 (c)

38

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Solution:

Question - 6 (d)

Solution:

39

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Since, it is a regular pentagon, thus, its angles are equal

Question 7

Solution:

Thus, 30 + 90 + C = 180

Or, 120 + C = 180

Or, C = 180 120

Or, C = 60

Now,

40

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Alternate method

We know that sum of external angles of a polygon = 360

Solution:

41

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Alternate method

We know that sum of external angles of a polygon = 360

Exercise 3

1. Given a parallelogram ABCD. Complete each statement along with

the definition or property used.

unknowns x, y, z.

42

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

(i)

(ii)

So, Required angle = 180 - 50 = 130

(iii)

43

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

x and y are complementary, x and y

= 180 - 80 = 100

(iv)

So, x = 90

So, y = 180 - (90 + 30) = 60

The top vertex angle of the above figure = 60 x 2=120

Hence, bottom vertex Angle = 120 and

z = 60

(v)

44

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

x= 180-(112-40)=28

As adjacent angles are complementary so angle of the bottom left vertex

=180-112=68

So, z=68-40=28

Another way of solving this is as follows:

As angles x and z are alternate angles of a transversal so they are equal in

measurement.

3. Can a quadrilateral ABCD be a parallelogram if

Answer: (i)It can be , but not always as you need to look for other criteria as

well.

(ii) In a parallelogram opposite sides are always equal, here AD BC, so its

not a parallelogram.

(iii) Here opposite angles are not equal, so it is not a parallelogram.

45

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

ratio 3 : 2. Find the measure of each of the angles of the parallelogram.

Answer: Opposite angles of a parallelogram are always add upto 180.

measure of each of the angles of the parallelogram.

Answer: 90, as they add up to 180

7. The adjacent figure HOPE is a parallelogram. Find the angle

measures x, y and z. State the properties you use to find them.

Hence, y = 110

x = 180 - (110 + 40) = 30, (triangles angle sum)

z = 30 (Alternate angle of a transversal)

8. The following figures GUNS and RUNS are parallelograms. Find x

and y. (Lengths are in cm)

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

9. In the given figure both RISK and CLUE are parallelograms. Find the

value of x.

Question 1 Find the angle x

Solution:

We know that, angle sum of a triangle = 180

48

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Solution:

We know that, angle sum of a triangle = 180

Solution

We know that, angle sum of a triangle = 180

49

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Solution

We know that, angle sum of a triangle = 180

Solution

We know that, angle sum of a triangle = 180

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Square Root:

If x2 = y, we say that the square root of y is x and we write y = x.

Thus, 4 = 2, 9 = 3, 196 = 14.

1. Evaluate

\begin{aligned}

\sqrt{6084}

\end{aligned}

A. 75

B. 77

C. 78

D. 68

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

o

View Answer

Comment on this question

2. Evaluate \begin{aligned}

\sqrt{1471369}

\end{aligned}

.

1213

A.

1223

B.

1233

C.

1243

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

o

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

View Answer

3. Evaluate

\begin{aligned}

\sqrt{248+\sqrt{64}}

\end{aligned}

.

14

A.

26

B.

16

C.

36

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{248+\sqrt{64}}

\end{aligned}

o

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{248+8}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{256}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= 16

\end{aligned}

View Answer

4. Evaluate

\begin{aligned}

\sqrt{1\frac{9}{16}}

\end{aligned}

.

\begin{aligned} 1\frac{1}{6} \end{aligned}

o

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

\begin{aligned} 1\frac{1}{5} \end{aligned}

B.

\begin{aligned} 1\frac{1}{4} \end{aligned}

C.

\begin{aligned} 1\frac{1}{3} \end{aligned}

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{\frac{25}{16}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= \frac{\sqrt{25}}{\sqrt{16}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= \frac{5}{4}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= 1\frac{1}{4}

\end{aligned}

View Answer

5. Evaluate

\begin{aligned}

\sqrt{53824}

\end{aligned}

.

132

A.

232

B.

242

C.

253

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

o

View Answer

o

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

6. Evaluate

\begin{aligned}

\sqrt{10+\sqrt{25+\sqrt{108+\sqrt{154+\sqrt{225}}}}}

\end{aligned}

.

16

A.

8

B.

6

C.

4

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{10+\sqrt{25+\sqrt{108+\sqrt{154+\sqrt{225}}}}}

\end{aligned}

o

\begin{aligned}

=\sqrt{10+\sqrt{25+\sqrt{108+\sqrt{154+15}}}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=\sqrt{10+\sqrt{25+\sqrt{108+\sqrt{154+15}}}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=\sqrt{10+\sqrt{25+\sqrt{108+\sqrt{169}}}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=\sqrt{10+\sqrt{25+\sqrt{108+13}}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=\sqrt{10+\sqrt{25+\sqrt{121}}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

=\sqrt{10+\sqrt{25+11}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=\sqrt{10+\sqrt{36}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=\sqrt{10+6}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=\sqrt{16} = 4

\end{aligned}

View Answer

7. \begin{aligned}

\sqrt{41 - \sqrt{21 + \sqrt{19 - \sqrt{9}}}}

\end{aligned}

.

4

A.

26

B.

16

C.

6

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{41 - \sqrt{21 + \sqrt{19 - 3}}}

\end{aligned}

o

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{41 - \sqrt{21 + \sqrt{16}}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{41 - \sqrt{21 + 4}}

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{41 - \sqrt{25}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{41 - \sqrt{25}}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{41 - 5}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{36} = 6

\end{aligned}

8. \begin{aligned}

(\frac{\sqrt{625}}{11} \times \frac{14}{\sqrt{25}} \times

\frac{11}{\sqrt{196}})

\end{aligned}

A. 15

B. 7

C. 5

D. 9

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

\begin{aligned}

= (\frac{25}{11} \times \frac{14}{5} \times \frac{11}{14})

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=5

\end{aligned}

View Answer

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

\begin{aligned}

\frac{2707}{\sqrt{x}} = 27.07

\end{aligned}

.

1000

A.

10000

B.

10000000

C.

None of above

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

\begin{aligned}

= \frac{2707}{27.07} = \sqrt{x}

\end{aligned}

o

\begin{aligned}

=> \frac{2707 \times 100}{2707} = \sqrt{x}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> 100 = \sqrt{x}

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> x = 100^2 = 10000

\end{aligned}

View Answer

.

0.4

A.

0.04

B.

0.004

C.

4

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option A

o

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Explanation:

as .4 * .4 = 0.16

View Answer

Comment on this question

11. The least perfect square, which is divisible by each of 21, 36 and 66

is

.

213414

A.

213424

B.

213434

C.

213444

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

L.C.M. of 21, 36, 66 = 2772

Now, 2772 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 x 7 x 11

To make it a perfect square, it must be multiplied by 7 x 11.

View Answer

12. Evaluate

\begin{aligned}

\sqrt{0.00059049}

\end{aligned}

.

0.00243

A.

0.0243

B.

0.243

C.

2.43

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Very obvious tip here is, after squre root the terms after decimal will be half

(that is just a trick), works awesome at many questions like this.

o

58

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

View Answer

\begin{aligned} \sqrt{4a^2 - 4a + 1} + 3a \end{aligned}

.

12.039

A.

1.2039

B.

11.039

C.

1.1039

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Tip: Please check the question carefully before answering. As 3a is not under

the root we can convert it into a formula , lets evaluate now :

o

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{4a^2 - 4a + 1} + 3a \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{(1)^2 + (2a)^2 - 2x1x2a} + 3a \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt{(1-2a)^2} + 3a \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= (1-2a) + 3a \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= (1-2a) + 3a \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= 1 + a = 1 + 0.1039 = 1.1039 \end{aligned}

View Answer

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

\begin{aligned} \sqrt{81} + \sqrt{0.81} = 10.09 - X \end{aligned}

.

0.019

A.

0.19

B.

0.9

C.

0.109

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

\begin{aligned}

=> \sqrt{81} + \sqrt{0.81} = 10.09 - X

\end{aligned}

o

\begin{aligned}

=> 9 + 0.9 = 10.09 - X

\end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

=> X = 10.09 - 9.9 = 0.19

\end{aligned}

15. Evaluate

\begin{aligned} \sqrt[3]{4\frac{12}{125}} \end{aligned}

A. \begin{aligned} 1\frac{2}{5} \end{aligned}

B. \begin{aligned} 1\frac{3}{5} \end{aligned}

C. \begin{aligned} 1\frac{4}{5} \end{aligned}

D. 1

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

\begin{aligned}

= \sqrt[3]{\frac{512}{125}} \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned}

= (\frac{8*8*8}{5*5*5})^{\frac{1}{3}} \end{aligned}

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

View Answer

.

0.0002

A.

0.002

B.

0.02

C.

0.2

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

\begin{aligned} = \sqrt{.000064} \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned} = \sqrt{\frac{64}{10^6}} \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned} = \frac{8}{10^3} = .008 \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned} = \sqrt[3]{.008} \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned} = \sqrt[3]{\frac{8}{1000}} \end{aligned}

\begin{aligned} = \frac{2}{10} = 0.2 \end{aligned}

o

View Answer

o

17. The largest four digit number which is a perfect cube, is:

.

7000

A.

8000

B.

9261

C.

9999

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

21*21*21 = 9261

o

View Answer

o

perfect cube.

.

450

o

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

445

B.

440

C.

430

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

\begin{aligned}

3600 = 2^3 \times 5^2 \times 3^2 \times 2

\end{aligned}

To make it a perfect cube it must be divided by

\begin{aligned}

5^2 \times 3^2 \times 2 = 450

\end{aligned}

o

View Answer

Comment on this question

.

0.6

A.

0.006

B.

0.06

C.

.0006

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

o

View Answer

o

.

8

A.

8.1

B.

9

C.

9.1

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

o

View Answer

o

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

\end{aligned}

.

0.66

A.

0.77

B.

0.88

C.

0.99

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

22. \begin{aligned} \sqrt{0.00059049} \end{aligned}

A. 24.3

B. 2.43

C. 0.243

D. 0.0243

Answer And Explanation

Answer: Option D

o

1. 81 + 0.81 = 10.09 - ?. [Bank PO 1992]

1.19

1.1

0.19

0.19

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

2. (0.289 / 0.00121). [Railway 1992]

170/11

17/11

17/110

0.17/11

170/11

Answer:

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

3. (24 + 216) / 96

26

62

2/6

2

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

4. (32 + 48 ) / (8 + 12). [Bank PO 1990]

2

4

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

5. (0.081 * 0.484 )/ (0.0064 * 6.25)). [NDA 1994]

9

99

0.9

0.99

0.99

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

6. 2707/x = 27.07 . [Bank PO1992]

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

10

1000

100

10000

10000

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

7. 140? + 315 = 1015

5

25

16

36

5

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

8. 64009 is

803

347

363

253

253

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

9. x/(2.25) = 550. [Bank PO]

825

3666.66

82.5

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

825

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

10. (32.4 / x) = 2. [Hotel Mgt 1993]

9

0.09

.9

8.1

8.1

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

11. (15612 + (154 + (225)))

13

25

15

125

125

Answer:

Explanation: (15612 + (154 + 15)) = (15612 + (169)) = (15625) = 125

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

12. (x/169) = 54/39

108

2916

324

4800

324

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

13. 0.00059049 =

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

0.243

0.00243

0.0243

0.000243

0.0243

Answer:

Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

14. (248 + (51 + (169)))

14

16.6

16

18.9

16

Answer:

Explanation: (248 + (51 + 13)) = (248 + (64)) = (248 + 16)

View Answer Report Error Let us discuss

1 0.0169 x B = 1.3.

What is the value of B?

A. 100

B. 10

C. 1000

D. None of These

See Answer & Explanation Lets Discuss

Correct answer is : A

Explanation

0.0169 x B = 1.3

=> 0.0169 x B = 1.32

=> 0.0169 x B = 1.69

=> B= 1.69/0.0169 = 100

2 What is the cube root of .000216 ?

A. 0.6

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

B. 0.06

C. 77

D. 87

See Answer & Explanation Lets Discuss

Correct answer is : B

Explanation

( 0.000216) 1/3

= (216/106)1/3

= [ (6 x 6 x 6)/ (102 x 102 x 102 ) ]1/3

=6/102

=.06

3 If 35 + 125 = 17.88, then what is the value of 80 + 65 ?

A. 22.35

B. 13.41

C. 20.46

D. 21.66

See Answer & Explanation Lets Discuss

Correct answer is : A

Explanation

35 + 125 = 17.88

=> 35 + 25 x 5 = 17.88

=> 35 + 55 = 17.88

=> 85 = 17.88

=> 5 = 2.235

=> 80 + 65 = 16 x 5 + 65

=> 45 + 65

=> 105 = (10 x 2.235) = 22.35

4 If a = 0.1039, then what is the value of 4a2 - 4a + 1 + 3a ?

A. 1.1039

B. .1039

C. .2078

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

D. 2.1039

See Answer & Explanation Lets Discuss

Correct answer is : A

Explanation

4a2 - 4a + 1 + 3a = (1)2 + (2a)2 - 2 x 1 x 2a + 3a

= (1 - 2a)2 + 3a

= (1 - 2a) + 3a

= (1 + a)

= (1 + 0.1039)

= 1.1039

5 The square root of (7 +3 5) (7 - 35) is

A. 5

B. 2

C. 4

D. 35

See Answer & Explanation Lets Discuss

Correct answer is : B

Explanation (7 + 35)(7 - 35)=(7)2 - (35)2 = 49 - 45 = 4 = 2.

6 Simplify : ( 3-(1/3) )2

A. 3/4

B. 4/3

C. 4/3

D. None of these

See Answer & Explanation Lets Discuss

Correct answer is : B

Explanation

( 3-(1/3) )2

= (3)2 + (1/3)2 - 2 x 3 x (1/3)

= 3 + 1/3 -2

=1 + 1/3

=4/3

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

y2) is:

A. 10

B. 14

C. 13

D. 15

See Answer & Explanation Lets Discuss

Correct answer is : B

Explanation

Let's Rationalize both x and y first,

X =( 3 + 1 )/ (3 - 1) x ( 3 + 1 )/( 3 + 1 )

= ( 3 + 1 )2 /(3-1)= (3+1+23 ) / 2 = 2+ 3 .

and

Y =(3 - 1)/ (3 + 1) x ( 3 - 1 )/( 3 - 1 )

= ( 3 - 1 )2 /(3-1)= (3+1-23 ) / 2 = 2- 3

So,

x2 + y2 = (2 + 3)2 + (2 - 3)2

=2 (4+ 3)

=14

8 What should come in place of both x in the equation x / 128=162/ x

A. 12

B. 14

C. 144

D. 196

See Answer & Explanation Lets Discuss

Correct answer is : A

Explanation

x / 128=162/ x

=> x2 = 128 x 162

=>64 x 2 x 18 x 9

=>82 x 62 x 3 2

=> 8 x 6 x 3

=> 144

x = 144 = 12

70

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A. 5.59

B. 7.826

C. 8.994

D. 10.062

See Answer & Explanation Lets Discuss

Correct answer is : B

Explanation

5/2 - 10/5 + 125

Taking the LCM of denominators 2 and 5 = 25 We get,

(( 5 )2 - 10 x 2 + 25 x 55 ) / 25

= (5 - 20 + 50 ) / 25

Rationalizing the expression:

= 35/( 25 ) x 5 / 5

=355 /10

= (7 x 2.236) / 2

=7 x 1.118

= 7.826

perfect cube ?

a. 5

b. 6

c. 7

d. 8

Correct Option: A

Explanation:

675=55333 . To make it a perfect cube it must be multiplied by 5.

2. The largest four-digit number which is a perfect cube is

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

a. 9999

b. 9261

c. 8000

d. None

Correct Option: B

Explanation:

Clearly 9261 is a perfect cube satisfying the given property.

3. 30.000064=?

a. 0.02

b. 0.2

c. 2

d. None

Correct Option: B

Explanation:

.000064=64106=8103=81000=.008

30.000064=3.008

38100

=210=0.2

a. 17

b. 29

c. 12

d. 13

Correct Option: D

Explanation

a*b = a2+b2, So, 5*12

= 52+(12)2=25+144=169=13

5. If x * y * 2 = (x+2)(y+3)(x+1) , then (6*15*3) is

a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. None

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Correct Option: D

Explanation:

(6*15*3)

= (6+2)(15+3)(3+1)= 8184=36=6

6. 12+12+12+ = ?

a. 3

b. 4

c. 6

d. >6

Correct Option: B

Explanation:

In the given expression, let the value be x.

Then, x 12+xx2=12+x

x2x12=0 or (x-4) (x+3) = 0

or x = 4

7. The least square number which is exactly divisible by 10,12,15 and 18 is

a. 360

b. 400

c. 900

d. 1600

Correct Option: C

Explanation:

LCM of 10,12,15,18 = 180

= 22335=22325

To make it a perfect square it must be multiplied by 5.

Required number = (223252)=900

8. (7+575) is equal to

a. 6+35

b. 6 - 35

c. 2

d. 1

Correct Option: A

Explanation:

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

7+575=(7+575)7+57+5 = (7+5(75))2

= 7+5+2752

= 12+2352=(6+35)

9. 1911119+111+10+99?=12

a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d.None

Correct Option: A

Explanation:

Let 1911119+11110+99x=12 . Then,

x = 11911+9119119(10+99)2

= (119119)2(10+99)2

= (11+9299)(10+99)

=2(1099)(10+99)=2(100-99)=2

a.0.4

b. 0.09

c. 0.9

d. 0.025

Correct Option: B

Explanation:

0.09=9100=310=0.3 , which is rational

0.09 has rational square root.

11.The value of 2 upto three places of decimal is

a. 1.410

b. 1.412

c. 1.413

d. 1.414

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Correct Option: D

Explanation:

2=1.414

12.The square root of (8+25) is

a. (2+6)

b. (5+3)

c. (23+55)

d. 2+6

Correct Option: B

Explanation:

(8+215)=[(5)2+(3)2+253] = (5+3)2

8+215=(5+3)

13.If 6 = 2.449, then the value of 3223 is

a. 0.6122

b. 1.223

c. 1.2245

d. 0.8163

Correct Option: C

Explanation:

3223=32233362

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

= 24492=1.2245

14.1(98)1(87)+1(76)1(65)+1(54)=?

a. 0

b. 1

c. 5

d. 1/3

Correct Option: C

Explanation:

198=1989+89+8

= 9+8(98)=(9+8)

similarly 187=(8+7)

176=(7+6)

and 154=(5+4)

Given Exp.

=(9+8)(8+7)+(7+6)(6+5)+(5+4)

=(9+4)=(3+2)=5

15.If 2 =1.4142, the square root of (21)(2+1) is equal to

a. 0.732

b. 0.3652

c. 1.3142

d. 0.4142

Correct Option: D

Explanation:

212+1=(21)(2+1)(21)(21)=(21)2

[212+1]

=(21)=(1.41421)

= 0.4142

16.What is the smallest number to be subtracted from 549162 in order to

make it a perfect square ?

a. 28

b. 36

c. 62

d. 81

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Correct Option: D

Explanation:

17. If a 5+151 and b = 515+1, the value of (a2+ab+b2a2ab+b2)=

a. 34

b. 43

c. 35

d. 53

Correct Option: B

Explanation:

a = 5+1515+15+1=(5+1)(51)2 =5+1254=[352]

b = 515+15151=(51)(51)2 =5+1254=[352]

a2+b2=(3+5)24+(35)24 =(3+5)24+(35)24

=2(9+5)4=7

Also, ab = (3+5)2 352=(95)4=1

a2+ab+b2a2ab+b2=a2+b2+ab(a2+b2)ab=7+171

=86=43

18.The expression (2+2)+1(2+2)+1(22)=?

a. 2

b. 22

c. 22

77

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

d. 2+2

Correct Option: A

Explanation:

Given Expression

= (2+2)+1(2+2)(22)(22) + 1(22)(2+2)(2+2)

=(2+2)+(22)(42)(2+2)(42)

=(2+2)+12(22)12(2+2)=2

19. 0.0810.3244.62415.6250.028972.964

=?

a. 24

b. 2.4

c. 0.024

d. None

Correct Option: C

Explanation:

Given Expression

: 8132446241562528972964 = [9186

812517278]=3125=0.024

20. 0.0810.4840.00646.25 is equal to

a. 9

b. 0.9

c. 99

d. 0.99

Correct Option: D

Explanation:

Sum of decimal places in the numerator and denominator under the radical

sign being the same, we remove the decimal places:

Given Exp. = 8148464625 = 922825=0.99

21. If x2.25=550, then the value of x is

a. 825

b. 82.5

c. 3666.66

d. 2

Correct Option: A

78

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Explanation :

x2.25=550x1.5=550 x = (5501.5) x = [5501.510]=825

22.81+0.81=10.09?

a. 1.19

b. 0.19

c. 1

d. 0.19

Correct Option: D

Explanation :

Let 81+0.81=10.09x81+81100=10.09x

x = 10.09- (9 + 0.9) = 0.19

23.32.4?=2

a. 9

b. 0.9

c. 0.09

d. None

Correct Option: D

Explanation:

Let 32.4x=2 Then 32.4x=4

or 4x = 32.4 or x = 8.1

24. 32+488+12=?

a. 2

b. 2

c. 4

d. 8

Correct Option: B

Explanation:

32+488+12=162+16342+43

= 4(2+3)2(2+3)=2

25. If 1+x144=1312 then 'x' is equal to

a. 1

b. 12

c. 13

d. 25

Correct Option: D

79

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Explanation:

1+x144=13121+x144=169144

x144=[1601441] or x144 = 25144 or x = 25

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Unit-6: algebra

1. The sequences x1,x2 ... and y1,y2 are in arithmetic progressions

such thatx1+y1=100 and x22x21=y99y100. Find the sum of the

first 100 terms of the progression,(x1+y1),(x2+y2)

A. 0

B. 9900

C. 10,000

D. 11,000

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (C)

Solution:

The condition x22x21=y99y100 implies that the common

difference of the two arithmetic progressions are the negatives

of each other.

Therefore, the series (x1+y1),(x2+y2), is a constant series , in

which each term is equal to (x1+y1)=100

Thus Required Sum =100100= 10,000

00:00:00

Common information for questions numbered 2 and 3

P divides his property among his four sons A, B,C and D after donating Rs

20,000 and 10% of his remaining property. The amounts received by the last

three sons are in A.P and the amount received by the fourth son is equal to

the total amount donated. The first son receives as his share Rs 20,000 more

than the share of second son. The last son received Rs 1 lakh less than the

eldest son.

80

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

What is the total donation made by P?

A. Rs 55,000

B. Rs 65,000

C. Rs 75,000

D. Rs 80,000

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (D)

Solution:

All amounts are in thousands of rupees.

Let P's total property be (20+10p)

The donation is 20+p

The 4th son's share is 20+p

The 1st son's share is 120+p

The 2nd son's share is 100+p

The 3rd son's share is 60+p

As, 4th,3rd and 2nd are in AP

Thus, 300+4p=9p

p=60.

P's total donation is 20+p= 80,000

00:00:00

3. Common Data Question 2/2

Find the share of the third son.

A. Rs 80,000

B. Rs 1,00,000

C. Rs 1,20,000

D. Rs 1,50,000

Hide Ans

Discuss

81

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer (C)

Solution:

All amounts are in thousands of rupees.

Let P's total property be (20+10p)

The donation is 20+p

The 4th son's share is 20+p

The 1st son's share is 120+p

The 2nd son's share is 100+p

The 3rd son's share is 60+p

As, 4th,3rd and 2nd are in AP

Thus, 300+4p=9p

p=60

The 3rd son's share is 60+p= 120,000

00:00:00

4. In an A.P, the 12th term is 7 times the 2nd term and the 8th term is

3 more than 10 times the first term. What is the 5th term of the G.P

whose first term is the first term of A.P and whose common ratio is

equal to the common difference of the A.P.

A. 162

B. 144

C. 156

D. 136

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (A)

Solution:

Let the progression be a,a+d,a+2d .........

a+11d=7a+7d

6a=4d

3a=2d

Also, a+7d=10a+3

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

7d=9a+3

7d=6d+3

d=3,a=2

The GP is 2,23,232,233,234

So the 5th term is 162

00:00:00

5. The total age of some 7 years old and some 5 years old children is

60 years. If I have to select a team from these children such that

their total age is 48 years, In how many ways can it be done?

A. 3

B. 2

C. 1

D. 4

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (C)

Solution:

Let 'a' children of 7 years and 'b' children of 5 years be taken.

Then 7a+5b=48

This is possible only when x=4 and b=4

Hence only one combination is possible.

6. The digits of a three number are in AP. If the number is subtracted

from the number formed by reversing its digits, the result is 396.

What could be the original number?

A. 654

B. 135

C. 852

D. 753

Hide Ans

Discuss

83

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer (B)

Solution:

The difference between 3-digit number and its reverse is 99

times the difference between its extreme (hundred and units)

digits.

As the first difference is 396, the second is 4.

Further as the digits are in AP and the hundred's digits is less

than the unit's digit, we have following possibilities:

135,246,357,468,579

00:00:00

Common information for questions numbered 7 and 8

The cost of fuel for running the engine of an army tank is proportional to the

square of the speed and Rs. 64 hour for a speed of 16 kmph. Other costs

amount to Rs. 400 hour. The tank has to make a journey of 400 km at a

constant speed.

7. Common Data Question 1/2

The most economical speed for this January is:

A. 20 kmph

B. 320 kmph

C. 35 kmph

D. 40 kmph

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (D)

Solution:

Cost of fuel is proportional to square of the speed:

E=KS2

E=64 and S=16

K=

84

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

1

4

Total cost =

1

4

S2t+400t

Most economical speed, checking options we get most

economical speed at 40km/hr.

00:00:00

8. Common Data Question 2/2

The total cost for the journey at this most economical speed is:

A. Rs 6,000

B. Rs 8,000

C. Rs 10,000

D. Rs 11,000

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (B)

Solution:

Cost of fuel is proportional to square of the speed:

E=KS2

E=64 and S=16

K=

1

4

Total cost=

1

4

S2t+400t

85

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

economical speed at 40km/hr.

Total cost at 40km/hr =

1

4

402+400(

400

40

)

Rs 8,000

00:00:00

9. A and B throws one dice for a stake of Rs 11, which is to be won by

the player who first throws a six. The game ends when the stake is

won by A or B. If A has the first throw, then what are their

respective expectations?

A. 5 and 6

B. 6 and 5

C. 11 and 10

D. 10 and 11

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (B)

Solution:

Expectation of winning A:

[(

1

6

)+(

5

6

86

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

5

6

1

6

)+...]11

[

(

1

6

)

(1

25

36

)

]11=6

Similarly we get the expectation of B as 5.

00:00:00

10. On January 1, 2004 two new societies s1 and s2 are formed, each n

numbers. On the first day of each subsequent month, s1 adds b

members while s2 multiples its current numbers by a constant

factor r. Both the societies have the same number of members on

July 2, 2004. If b = 10.5n, what is the value of r?

A. 2

B. 1.9

C. 1.8

D. 1.7

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (A)

87

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Solution:

There will be an increase of 6 times.

No. of members s1 will be in A.P.

On July 2nd , 2004, s1 will have n+6b members

=n+610.5n

=64n

No. of members in s2 will be in G.P.

On July 2nd, 2004 Number of members in s2=nr6

64n=nr6

r= 2

11. Abhishek had a certain number of Re1 coins, Rs 2 coins and Rs 10

coins. If the number of Re 1 coins he had is six times the number of

Rs 2 coins Abhishek had, and the total worth of his coins is Rs 160,

find the maximum number of Rs 10 coins Abhishek could have

had.

A. 12

B. 10

C. 8

D. 6

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (A)

Solution:

If the Abhishek had x Re 1, y Rs 2 coins and z Rs 10 coins, the

total value of coins he had:

=x(1)+y(2)+z(10)=x+2y+10z=160

Since, 6y=x

Thus, 8y+10z=160 i.e 8y is a multiple of 10 i.e. y=5 or y=10

i.e. (x,y,z)=(30,5,12) or (60,10,18)

Thus, the maximum value of 'z' is 12

00:00:00

88

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

husbands age, twice the wifes age, and thrice the daughters age is

85; while the sum of twice the husbands age, four times the wifes

age, and six times the daughters age is 170. It is also given that the

sum of five times the husbands age, ten times the wifes age and

fifteen times the daughters age equals 450. The number of possible

solutions, in terms of the ages of the husband, wife and the

daughter, to this problem is:

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. Infinitely many

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (A)

Solution:

Let the age of husband wife and daughter be denoted by h, w

and d respectively.

h+2w+3d=85 -------- (i)

2h+4w+6d=170 -------- (ii)

5h+10w+15d=450 -------- (iii)

Multiplying the first equation by 5 we get

5h+10w+15d=425

but Eq (iii) gives 5h+10w+15d=450

So No solution possible.

00:00:00

13. There are 2 mean, 3 women and 1 child in Pradeeps family and 1

man, 1 woman and 2 children in Prabhats family. The

recommended calorie requirement is- Men: 240, Women: 1990,

Children: 1800 and for proteins is: Men: 55 gm, Woman: 45 gm,

children: 33 gm. Calculate the total requirement of calories and

proteins for each of the two families.

89

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

B. A: 12400, 300; B: 8000, 167

C. A: 12300, 278; B: 6600, 200

D. A: 8000, 278; B: 7900, 166

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (A)

Solution:

The recommended calorie requirements for men, women and

children are 2400, 1900and 1800 respectively and the

recommended protein requirements for men, women and

children are 55 gm, 45 gm and 33 gm respectively.

For Pradeeps family:

Calorie requirement:

=22400+31900+119800=12300

Protein requirement:

=255+345+133=278 gm

For Prabhats family:

Calorie requirement:

=12400+11900+21800=7900

Protein requirement:

=155+145+233=166 gm.

As option (A) has a match, it is the correct answer

00:00:00

14. The currencies in countries X and Y are denoted by Xs. and Ys.

respectively. The exchange rate in 1990 was 1 Xs. = 0.6 Ys. The

price level in 2006 in X and Y are 150 and 400 respectively with

1990 as a base of 100. The exchange rate in 2006, based solely on

this purchasing power parity consideration, is 1 Xs.=

A. 0.225 Ys.

B. 0.625 Ys.

90

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C. 1.6 Ys.

D. 3.6 Ys.

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (C)

Solution:

In 1990, 1 Xs=0.6Ys

Price levels in 2006 change by 150 and 400 for X and Y

respectively with 1990 as base 100.

In 2006, 1501Xs=4000.6Ys

Xs=(

240

150

)Ys

Xs = 1.6 Ys

00:00:00

15. A group of 630 children is arranged in rows for a group photograph

session. Each row contains three fewer children than the row in

front of it. What number of rows is not possible?

A. 3

B. 4

C. 5

D. 6

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (D)

Solution:

Let the no. of students in front row be x.

So, the no. of students in next rows be x3,x6,x9 ... so on

If n i.e. no. of rows be then no. of students (n=3)

91

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

x+(x3)+(x6)=630

3x=639

x = 213

So possible,

Similarly for n = 4

x+(x3)+(x6)+(x9)=630

4x18=630

x=162

If n = 5

(4x18)+(x12)=630

5x30=630

x=120

Again possible.

If n = 6

(5x30)+(x15)=630

6x45=630

6x=675

x Integer

Hence n 6

16. Common Data Question 1/3

If the number of insects on the roof, on day 1 is 63, then the number

of insects that they kill on the fourth day is:

A. 63

B. 90

C. 72

D. 75

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (C)

Solution:

Day (1) -> Number of insects -> p

Day (2) -> Number of insects -> 2pq

92

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Day (4) -> Number of insects -> 8p7q

Thus, 8p7q=0

q=

8p

7

P has to multiple of 7 so that q is an integer

If p=63

q = 72

00:00:00

17. Common Data Question 2/3

The minimum number of insects that he kills on any of the last

three days is:

A. 8

B. 7

C. 0

D. 1

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (A)

Solution:

Day (1) -> Number of insects -> p

Day (2) -> Number of insects -> 2pq

Day (3) -> Number of insects -> 4p3q

Day (4) -> Number of insects -> 8p7q

Thus, 8p7q=0

q=

8p

7

93

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

For q is to minimum p=7

q=8

00:00:00

18. Common Data Question 3/3

The minimum number of insects that he left on day 1 is?

A. 8

B. 7

C. 0

D. 6

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (B)

Solution:

Day (1) -> Number of insects -> p

Day (2) -> Number of insects -> 2pq

Day (3) -> Number of insects -> 4p3q

Day (4) -> Number of insects -> 8p7q

Thus, 8p7q=0

q=

8p

7

P has to multiple of 7 so that q is an integer

For p is to minimum q=8

Thus, p = 7

00:00:00

19. In a certain water body, 50 fish were caught, tagged and released to

the same water body. A few days later, 50 fish were caught again,

of which 2 were found to have been tagged on previous occasion. If

the percent of tagged fish in the second catch approximates the

94

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

number of fish in the water body:

A. 10,000

B. 625

C. 1250

D. 2500

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (C)

Solution:

Let the number of fish be x then:

(

50100

x

)=(

48100

x50

)

50

x

=(

48

x50

)

x= 1250

00:00:00

20. A transport agency has 5 carriers, each of capacity 15 tonnes. The

carriers are scheduled such that the first carrier makes a trip every

day, the second carrier makes a trip every second. The third makes

a trip every third day and so on. Find the maximum number of

95

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

tonnes in a single day. The operation starts on the 7th January 2010

and continue till the end of the year (31st December 2010) without

any holiday.

A. 7

B. 6

C. 5

D. 8

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (B)

Solution:

The first carrier makes a trip in one day and the second carrier

makes one trip in 2 days and so on.

Hence, all the trucks will leave on the same day once every X

days where:

X= LCM (1,2,3,4 and 5)=60

If on the 7th of Jan all the trucks left together than after every

60 days they will leave together (i.e. on the same day).

There will be at most 3666=360 days including 7th Jan in that

year.

In 360 days there can be at most 6 occasions like that.

21. A number of three digits in base 7, when expressed in base 9, has

its digits reversed in the order. What is the sum of the digits of the

number?

A. 5

B. 6

C. 7

D. 8

Hide Ans

96

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Discuss

Answer (D)

Solution:

Only (0,1,2,3,4,5,6) can be the digits as base 7.

(pqr)7=(rqp)9

72p+71q+70r=92r+91q+90p

49p+7q+r=81r+9q+p

48p=80r+2q

24p=40r+q

After hit and trial,the number:

pqr=(503)7=(305)9

248 in the decimal system.

00:00:00

22. When the index of an exponential expression with a positive base is

doubled, then the expression increases by 700%. If one of the

values that the base cannot have is X which of the following is not a

possible value of P?

A. 4

B. 8

C. 5

D. 1

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (D)

Solution:

Let the expression be an

a2n=8an

n=loga8

a can be 5, 4 and 8 but it cannot be 1.

00:00:00

97

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A. p+q > 0 and pq > 0

B. p+q > 0 and pq < 0

C. p+q < 0 and pq < 0

D. p+q < 0 and pq > 0

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (B)

Solution:

x23x+2=(x2)(x1)

The factors of the cubic equation is x =2 and x= 1

On putting x=2 , we get, 824+2p+q=0

2p+q=16 -------- (i)

On putting x=1, we get, 16+p+q=0

p+q=5 -------- (ii)

Thus on solving these two equation we get:

p =11 and q = -6

So p+q > 0 and pq < 0

00:00:00

24. The mean salary in ICM ltd. was Rs 1500, and the standard

deviation was Rs 400. A year later each employee got a Rs 100

raise. After another year each employee's salary (including the

above mentioned raise) was increased by 20%. The standard

deviation of the current salary is:

A. 460

B. 480

C. 560

D. None of these

Hide Ans

98

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Discuss

Answer (B)

Solution:

Mean salary was Rs 1500

Standard deviation = Rs 400

After 1 year all the employees got a uniform rise of Rs 100.

So, there will be no change in standard deviation.

After another year, every employee's salary was increased by

20%.

So, standard deviation will be increased by 20%.

Standard deviation=400

120

100

= Rs 480

00:00:00

25. Three persons Suresh, Devesh and Prashant were born on different

days in the same year. If the date and month of birth of Suresh,

Devesh and Prashant are numerically equal, then what could be the

minimum difference in the ages of youngest and oldest in days?

A. 56

B. 60

C. 61

D. 62

Hide Ans

Discuss

Answer (C)

Solution:

To have the minimum differences in the ages of the oldest and

youngest.

One of them should be born in February.

99

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

January and March.

Difference between the youngest and the oldest is the number

of days from2nd Feb. to 4th Mar.:

=(26+31+4)=61

or, 1st Jan to 3rd Mar. =30+28+3= 61 days.

Unit-7: mensuration

1.

If the length of the diagonal AC of a square ABCD is 4.2 cms then the

area of the square is?

A.

10.42cm2

C.

7.92cm2

B.

9.00cm2

D.

8.82cm2

Answer

Report

Answer : [D]

2.

The ratio between the length and the perimeter of a rectangular plot is

1:3 and the ratio between the breadth and Perimeter of the plot is 1:6.

What is the ratio between the length and area of the plot?

A.

100

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

1:8

C.

2:1

B.

2:5

D.

Data Inadequate

Answer

Report

Answer : [D]

3.

The lengths of diagonals of a rhombous are 24cm and 10cm respectively.

What is the area of the rhombus?

A.

240cm2

C.

120cm2

B.

80cm2

D.

100cm2

Answer

Report

101

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer : [C]

4.

Find the costs of carpeting a square room of side 8 meters with carpet at

the rate of Rs.44 per meter square?

A.

Rs. 400

C.

Rs. 2816

B.

Rs. 500

D.

Rs. 250

Answer

Report

Answer : [C]

5.

A room is 8 meters long and 4 meters wide. How many paving stones

each

measuring 2.5dm by 2dm are required to pave its floor?

A.700

C.720

B.640

D.810

Answer

Report

102

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer : [B]

If a full cistern is 3 meters long, 2 meters wide and 1 meter deep, how

many litres of water must be thrown out so as to keep the water level

50cm?

A.

5000 litres

C.

6000 litres

B.

4000 litres

D.

3000 litres

Answer

Report

Answer : [D]

7.

If a cone and a sphere have equal radii and have equal volumes, what is

the ratio between the height of the cone and the diameter of the sphere?

A.

1:8

C.

2:1

B.

103

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

2:5

D.

2:3

Answer

Report

Answer : [C]

8.

If one side of a cube is doubled, then by what % does the volume of the

corresponding cube increase?

A.

150%

C.

700%

B.

300%

D.

900%

Answer

Report

9.

Volume of a cube is 512m3 find its surface area?

A.

200m2

C.

104

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

384m2

B.

354m2

D.

468m2

Answer

Report

Answer : [C]

10.

The surface area of cube is 150sq.m. find its volume?

A.

64m3

C.

125m3

B.

68m3

D.

96m2

Answer

Report

Answer : [C]

11.

If the side of a square is increased by 100% how much percent of its area

is increased?

105

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

750%

C.

400%

B.

300%

D.

350%

Answer

Report

Answer : [B]

12.

A rope, by which a horse is tied is increased from 15 to 27m.How much

excess area will it be able to graze?

A.

1584 sq.m

C.

2143 sq.m

B.

1854 sq.m

D.

1348 sq.m

106

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer

Report

Answer : [A]

13.

A regular hexagon is inscribed in a circle with diameter 8cm. What is the

side of the hexagon?

A.

6 cm

C.

7 cm

B.

8 cm

D.

4 cm

Answer

Report

Answer : [D]

14.

A wall is 4m high. At what distance from the base should a ladder 4.2m

long be placed so that it just reaches the wall?

A.

2.12 m

C.

3.25 m

B.

107

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

1.28 m

D.

1.64 m

Answer

Report

Answer : [B]

15.

Find the area of a triangle, whose sides are 15,16,17 m respectively.

A.

109.98 m2

C.

110.20 m2

B.

114.10 m2

D.

106.25 m2

Answer

Report

Answer : [A]

16.

The area of a triangle whose base and height are respectively 6.2m and

50cm is?

A.

1.85 sq.m.

108

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C.

2.15 sq.m

B.

1.25 sq.m

D.

1.55 sq.m

Answer

Report

Answer : [D]

17.

Find the length of a wire required to go 20 times round a square field one

hectare in area.

A.

8500 m

C.

6000 m

B.

8000 m

D.

6500 m

Answer

Report

Answer : [B]

18.

109

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

The cost of carpeting room 6m broad with a carpet at Rs. 4.50 sq.m is

Rs.135. Find the length of the room?

A.

6m

C.

7m

B.

8m

D.

5m

Answer

Report

Answer : [D]

19.

A hectare of land is dividd into plots, each 25 meters long and 10 metres

broad. Find the number of plots?

A.

25

C.

40

B.

50

D.

110

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

60

Answer

Report

Answer : [C]

20.

How many bricks 20cm * 25 cm will be requird to pave the floor of a

room 6m and 5mwide?

A.

700

C.

800

B.

600

D.

750

Answer

Report

Answer : [B]

21.

How many bullets can be made out of a cube of lead whose edge

measures 44 cm. each buulet being 4 cm in diameter?

A.

5361

C.

3478

111

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

B.

4260

D.

2541

Answer

Report

Answer : [D]

22.

Find the height of the cylinder whose volumes is 651 cube.meters and the

area of the base 46.5 sq.m .

A.

32 m

C.

14 m

B.

24 m

D.

17 m

Answer

Report

Answer : [C]

23.

Find the length of the longest pole that can be placed in a room 12m

long, 9m broad and 8 meters high.

A.

112

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

16 m

C.

17 m

B.

18 m

D.

15 m

Answer

Report

Answer : [C]

24.

The surface of a cube is 384 sq.m.Find its volume?

A.

250 cub.m

C.

400 cub.m

B.

500 cub.m

D.

512 cub.m

Answer

Report

Answer : [D]

113

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

25.

Find the radius of a circle whose area is equal to the sum of the area of

three circles with radius 1m,8m,4m respectively?

A.

18 m

C.

9m

B.

10 m

D.

7m

Answer

Report

Answer : [C]

Powers and Exponents Practice Questions

Practice

1. Evaluate 64.

2. Circle the expression that is NOT equivalent to 5 5 5 5.

5 4 (5 5)2 54 5 53 625

3. Evaluate cd2 1 when c = 1 and d = 6.

4. The expression 42 is equivalent to ____.

5. How can you simplify the expression 22 23?

6. Simplify: a2b ab3

7. Simplify:

114

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

8. Simplify: (3xy3)2

Solutions

1. 64 is equal to 6 6 6 6. When multiplied together, the result is 1,296.

2. 5 4 should be circled. This is equal to 20. The others are equivalent to

625.

3. Substitute the values for the variables in the expression: (1)(6)2 1

Evaluate the exponent: (1)(6)2 1

Remember that (6)2 = (6)(6) = 36.

Multiply the first term: (1)(36) 1

This simplifies to (36) 1. Evaluate by changing subtraction to

addition and the sign of the second term to its opposite. Signs are the

same, so add and keep the sign:

(36) + (1) = 37

4. When you evaluate a negative exponent, take the reciprocal of the base

and make the exponent positive. Therefore, 42 is equivalent to , which

simplifies to

5. When you multiply like bases, add the exponents. The expression 22

23 is equivalent to 22 + 3, which simplifies to 25.

6. When you multiply like bases, add the exponents. The

expression a2b ab3 can also be written as a2b1 a1b3. Grouping like

bases results in a2a1 b1b3. Adding the exponents gives a2 + 1b1 + 3,

which is equal to a3b4, the simplified answer.

7. When you divide like bases, subtract the exponents. The

expression then becomes x6 3, which simplifies to x3.

8. When you raise a quantity to a power, raise each base to that power by

multiplying the exponents. The expression (3xy3)2 equals 32x2y6, which

simplifies to 9x2y6. Another way to look at this problem is to remember

that when a quantity is squared, it is multiplied by itself. The expression

(3xy3)2 becomes (3xy3) (3xy3). Multiply coefficients and add the

exponents of like bases: 3 3x1+ 1y3 + 3 simplifies to 9x2y6.

1. (17)3.5 x (17)? = 178

115

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

2.29

B.

2.75

C.

4.25

D.

4.5

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Let (17)3.5 x (17)x = 178.

Then, (17)3.5 + x = 178.

3.5 + x = 8

x = (8 - 3.5)

x = 4.5

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

2.

9.

a x-1

b x-3

=

, then the value of x is:

b

a

If

A.

1

2

B.

C.

D.

7

2

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

a x-1

b x-3

=

Given b

a

116

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

a x-1

a -(x - 3)

=

=

b

b

a (3 - x)

b

x-1=3-x

2x = 4

x = 2.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

10.

3. Given that 100.48 = x, 100.70 = y and xz = y2, then the value of z is close to:

A.

1.45

B.

1.88

C.

2.9

D.

3.7

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

xz = y2

0.48z = 1.40

140 35

=

= 2.9 (approx.)

48

12

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

z=

11.

4. If 5a = 3125, then the value of 5(a - 3) is:

A.

25

B.

125

C.

625

D.

1625

117

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

5a = 3125

5a = 5 5

a = 5.

5(a - 3) = 5(5 - 3) = 52 = 25.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

12.

5. If 3(x - y) = 27 and 3(x + y) = 243, then x is equal to:

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

3x - y = 27 = 33

3x + y = 243 = 35

x - y = 3 ....(i)

x + y = 5 ....(ii)

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

6. (256)0.16 x (256)0.09 = ?

A.

B.

16

C.

64

D.

256.25

118

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

(256)0.16 x (256)0.09 = (256)(0.16 + 0.09)

= (256)0.25

= (256)(25/100)

= (256)(1/4)

= (44)(1/4)

= 44(1/4)

= 41

=4

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

7. The value of [(10)150 (10)146]

A.

1000

B.

10000

C.

100000

D.

106

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

150

(10)

146

(10)

10150

= 146

10

= 10150 - 146

119

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

= 104

= 10000.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

8.

1

(b - a)

1+x

(c - a)

+x

1

(a - b)

1+x

(c - b)

+x

1

1+x

(b - c)

+ x(a - c)

=?

A.

B.

C.

xa - b - c

D.

None of these

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

1

1

Given Exp. =

xb xc +

xa xc +

1+ a + a

1+ b + b

x

x

x

x

a

b

c

x

x

x

= a b c + a b c + a b c

(x + x + x ) (x + x + x ) (x + x + x )

(xa + xb + xc)

= a b c

(x + x + x )

1

xb xa

1+ c + c

x

x

= 1.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

9. (25)7.5 x (5)2.5 (125)1.5 = 5?

A.

8.5

B.

13

C.

16

D.

17.5

120

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

E.

None of these

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Let (25)7.5 x (5)2.5 (125)1.5 = 5x.

(52)7.5 x (5)2.5

Then,

= 5x

3 1.5

(5 )

(2 x 7.5)

5

x 52.5

= 5x

5(3 x 1.5)

515 x 52.5

= 5x

4.5

5

5x = 5(15 + 2.5 - 4.5)

5x = 513

x = 13.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

10. (0.04)-1.5 = ?

A.

25

B.

125

C.

250

D.

625

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

(0.04)-1.5 =

121

4 -1.5

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

100

1 -(3/2)

=

25

= (25)(3/2)

= (52)(3/2)

= (5)2 x (3/2)

= 53

= 125.

11. (243)n/5 x 32n + 1

=?

9 n x 3n - 1

A.

B.

C.

D.

3n

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

(243)(n/5) x 32n + 1

Given Expression =

9n x 3n - 1

(35)(n/5) x 32n + 1

=

(32)n x 3n - 1

(35 x (n/5) x 32n + 1)

=

(32n x 3n - 1)

3n x 32n + 1

= 2n n - 1

3 x3

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

3(n + 2n + 1)

= (2n + n - 1

3

)

33n + 1

= 3n - 1

3

= 3(3n + 1 - 3n + 1) = 32 = 9.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

12.

1

1

+

=?

1 + a(n - m) 1 + a(m - n)

A.

B.

1

2

C.

D.

am + n

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

1

1

(n - m)

1+a

+ 1 + a(m - n) =

1

n

a

1+ m

a

am

1+ n

a

am

an

= m

+

(a + an) (am + an)

(am + an)

= m

(a + an)

= 1.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

123

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

13. If m and n are whole numbers such that mn = 121, the value of (m - 1)n +

1

is:

A.

B.

10

C.

121

D.

1000

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

We know that 112 = 121.

Putting m = 11 and n = 2, we get:

(m - 1)n + 1 = (11 - 1)(2 + 1) = 103 = 1000.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

14. xb (b + c - a) xc (c + a - b) xa

. a

. b

xc

x

x

(a + b - c)

=?

A.

xabc

B.

C.

xab + bc + ca

D.

xa + b + c

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Given Exp. = x(b - c)(b + c - a) . x(c - a)(c + a - b) . x(a - b)(a + b - c)

= x(b - c)(b + c) - a(b - c) . x(c - a)(c + a) - b(c - a)

. x(a - b)(a + b) - c(a - b)

124

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

= (x0 x x0)

= (1 x 1) = 1.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

15.

1

is:

x

A.

B.

C.

22

D.

33

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

12

1

=x+ -2

x

x

1

= (3 + 22) +

-2

(3 + 22)

1

(3 - 22)

= (3 + 22) +

x

-2

(3 + 22) (3 - 22)

x-

= (3 + 22) + (3 - 22) - 2

= 4.

x-

125

1

= 2.

x

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Ratio and proportion is the heart of arithmetic. If you understand this chapter

properly you can solve virtually any problem in arithmetic.

If two numbers are in the ratio 2:3 means for every two units of the first

number, second has 3 units. This is a mere comparision between numbers,

and actual numbers may be way bigger than these numbers. If you multiply

or divide a ratio the comparision does not change. i.e., 2:3 is same as 4:6.

If two numbers are in the ratio a:b then this ration has to be multiplied with a

number K, to get actual numbers. This K is called multiplication factor (MF)

If two ratios are equal then we say they are in proportion.

then a:b::c:dad=cd

or ab=cdad=cd.

There are 4 types of relations exist between two variables:

1. Direct Proportion

2. Inverse Proportion

3. Direct Relation

4. Inverse Relation

1. Direct Proportion:

If two variables x, y are directly proportional then xy or x = ky where k is a

constant. If one variable increases then the other variable also increases by

the same proportion. i.e., If we double the first variable, the other variable

also becomes double. If we make the first variable half, the other also

becomes half. The graph between two variables goes through the origin.

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Example 1:

The value of a diamond is directly proportional to the square of its weight. If

a diamond weighing 4kg breaks into 2 pieces, its total value decreases by

37.5%. Find the weights of the two pieces.

Let us assume value of the diamond is V and weight is W.

Then vw2v=kw2v=k42k=v16

It was given that the sum of the values of the two pieces got decreased by

37.5% or only remaining 62.5% of the original value. and assume that the

two pieces are x, (4-x)

62.5%(V)=kx2+k(4x)2

Substituting k = v/16

62.5%(V)=V16(x2+(4x)2)

58(V)=V16(x2+(4x)2)

5=12(x2+(4x)2)

10=2x28x+16

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

2x28x+6=0

Solving we get x = 3 or 1.

2. Inverse proportion:

If two variables x, y are directly proportional then xy or x = ky where k is a

constant.

If one variable becomes double, the other variable becomes half. If one

variable becomes half other variable becomes double.

Example 2:

The rate of batting of the eyelids of a bat is 60 per minute when at rest. This

rate reduces when the bat flies and is inversely proportional to the square root

of the rate of flapping of its wings. What is the reduction in the rate of batting

of the eyelids when the bat is flappig its wings at 36 flaps per minute, given

that at 16 flaps per minute, the rate of batting of eyelids has reduced by 24

per minute.

Given batting_of_eyelids1flapping_of_wings

When the bat is flapping its wings at 16 flaps per minute, then the battinng of

eye lids has reduced by 24 per minute. so the bat is batting its eyelids at (60 -

128

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Substituting in the formula 3611636=K4K=144

Now we need to find the rate of batting of the eyelids of the bat when it is

flapping its wings at 36 flaps per minute

batting_of_eyelids=K36

batting_of_eyelids=1446=24

So the reduction is (60 - 24) = 36

3. Direct Relation:

Here the relation between variables can be best defined as Y = K + mX

directly in relation to x. If x increases, y also increases, If x decreases y also

decreases.

Example 3:

The expenses of organizing a garden party increased from Rs.9000 to

Rs.12000 when the number of registered candidates increased from 25 to 40.

Find the total cost of organizing the party if there are 50 final registrations.

We know that the expenses of party increases not directly proportional but

129

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

directly relational.

Assume the fixed component of expense is K rupees and Variable component

is M rupees.

Then the total cost is given by

K + 25 x M = 9000 ............(1)

When there are 40 registrations the total cost is

K + 40 x M = 12000 .........(2)

By substracting (1) from (2)

15M=3000M=200

So the variable cost per head is Rs.200

To find the fixed cost we can substitute Rs.200 in either (1) or (2), then K =

4000

If there are 50 registrations then the total cost = 4000 + 50 x 200 = Rs.14000

4. Inverse Relation:

Here Y = K -mX holds good. If x increases, y decreases and vice versa.

130

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Example 4:

The reduction in the speed of an engine is directly proportional to the squuare

of the number of bogies attached to it. The speed of the train is 100 km/hr

when there are 4 bogies and 55 kmn/hr when there are 5 bogies. What is the

maximum number of bogies that can be attached to the train so that, even

with those many numbers of bogies, it can just move?

We know that S=SmaxK(bogies)2

When there are 4 bogies speed of the train is

100km/hr 100=SmaxK(4)2100=SmaxK16.......(1)

When there are 5 bogies speed of the train is

55kh/hr 55=SmaxK(5)255=SmaxK25 ........(2)

(2) - (1) gives 9K=45K=5

By substituting K = 5 in either (1) or (2) we can find the maximum speed of

the train = 180 km/hr

Assume, for N number of bogies the train does not move.

0=1805(N)2N=6

If the engine is attached to 6 bogies, it does not move. If we want the train to

move we need to attach maximum of 5 bogies

Chain Rule:

Chain rule is comes in handy when there are many variables need to compare

with the given variable. We can understand this rule by observing a practice

problem.

Example 5:

If 12 carpenters working 6 hours a day can make 460 chairs in 24 days, how

131

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

many chairs will 18 carpenters make in 36 days, each working 8 hours a day?

Let us prepare small table to understand the probelm.

Now with repect to the Chairs we need to understand how each varibale is

related.

If the number of men got increased (i.e., 12 to 18), do they manufacture more

chairs or less chairs is the question we have to ask ourselves. If the answer is

"more" then the higher number between 12, 18 will go to the numerator and

other will go to denominator and vice versa. Here answer is "more"

So 4601812

Next we go to Hours. If the number of hours they work each day got

increases then do they manufactures more chairs or less chairs? Anwer is

more

So 460181286

Last, If the number of day they work increases then .... answer is more.

So 4601812863624=1380

Practice Problems (Level - 1)

1. The sum of two numbers is twice the difference between them. If the

smaller number is 20, find the bigger number.

Ratio between sum and difference of the numbers is 2 : 1.

Therefore, Ratio between the numbers = (2 + 1) : (2 - 1) i.e. 3 : 1.

Therefore, Bigger number = 3 x 20 = 60.

2. A spends 90% of his salary and B spends 85% of his salary. But savings of

both are equal. Find the income of B, if sum of their incomes is Rs. 5000.

Savings of A = (100 - 90)% = 10% of his salary.

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Given, both saves equal amount.

Therefore, 10% of A's salary = 15% of B's salary

Therefore, A : B = 15 : 10 = 3 : 2

Hence, B's salary = 25 x 5000 = Rs. 2000.

3. A man has some hens and some cows. If the number of heads is 50 and

number of feet is 142. The number of cows is:

Let, the man has hens only.

Then total heads = 50 x 1 = 50.

And, legs = 50 x 2 = 100 which is short by 42 from the actual legs i.e. = 142.

Now, replacement of one cow with one hen means same number of heads and

two more legs.

Therefore, Hens replaced with cows = 422 = 21

Therefore, Cows = 21

4. A sum of Rs. 350 made up of 110 coins, which are of either Re. 1 or Rs. 5

denomination. How many coins are of Rs. 5?

Let, all the coins are of Re. 1 denomination.

Then, total value of 110 coins = 110 x 1 = Rs. 110 which is short from Rs.

350 by Rs. 350 - Rs. 110 = Rs. 240.

Now, replacing 1 one-rupee coin with five-rupee coin mean Rs. 4 extra.

Therefore, Five rupee coins = 2404 = 60 coins

5. The population of a village is 10000. In one year, male population increase

by 6% and female population by 4%. If population at the end of the year is

10520, find size of male population in the village (originally).

Let, the population consists of females only.

Then, increase in the population is 4% of 10000 = 400

Therefore, Increased population = 10000 + 400 = 10400

But, actual increased population = 10520

Difference = 10520 - 10400 = 120

Now, 120 is 2% (i.e. 6% - 4%) of the male population.

Therefore, Male population = 1202 x 100 = 6000

6. Students in Class I, II and III of a school are in the ratio of 3 : 5 : 8. Had 15

133

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

more students admitted to each class, the ratio would have become 6 : 8 : 11.

How many total students were there in the beginning?

Increase in ratio for 3 classes is 6 - 3 = 8 - 5 = 11 - 8 = 3.

Given, 15 more students are admitted to each class.

Therefore, 3 :: 5 => 1 :: 5

Therefore, 3 + 5 + 8 = 16 :: 16 x 5 = 80.

Hence, total students in the beginning were 80.

7. Ratio between the annual income of A and B is 9 : 8 and between their

expenditure is 8 : 7. If they save Rs. 500 each. Find A's annual income.

A B

Income 9 : 8

Expenditure 8 : 7

__________________

Difference

1 :1

Hence, both are spending 1 ratio less than their incomes' ratio and hence

saving Rs. 500 each.

Therefore, A's annual income = 9 x Rs. 500 = Rs. 4500

8. The ratio between two numbers is 5 : 8. If 8 is subtracted from both the

numbers, the ratio becomes 1 : 2. The original numbers are:

x = (12)(8)5281=(1)(8)108=82=4

Therefore, The numbers are 4 x 5 and 4 x 8 i.e. 20 and 32.

9. A mixture of 55 litres contains milk and water in the ratio of 7 : 4. How

many litres of milk and water each must be added to the mixture to make the

ratio 3 : 2?

Let milk and water in the mixture are 7x and the 4x litre respectively.

Then, 7x + 4x = 55

Therefore, x = 5511 = 5

Quantity of milk and water added is

k = 7243325=141215 = 2 x 5 = 10 litres

10. Two vessels contain mixture of milk and water in the ratio of 5 : 2 and 3 :

1 respectively. Find the ratio of milk and water in the new solution, if two

mixtures are mixed in equal amount.

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Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

LCM of sum of the ratios i.e. LCM of 7 and 4 is 28.

Therefore, We assume that 28 litres of mixture is taken from each vessel.

Now, milk in first vessel = 57 x 28 = 20 litres

Therefore, Water in the first vessel = 28 - 20 = 8 litres

And milk in second vessel = 34 x 28 = 21 litres

Therefore, Water in second vessel = 28 - 21 = 7 litres

Total quantity of milk in the resultant mixture = 20 + 21 = 41.

Total quantity of water in the resultant mixture = 8 + 7 = 15.

Therefore, Ratio of milk and water in the new solution = 41 : 15.

Liked our content? Support us by +1 it

Question 1

A debugging program rectify 0.128 errors in every second. Approximately

how many seconds will it need to rectify 25 errors?

a) 109 b) 261 c) 195 d) 201

Answer : c) 195

Solution :

Time

taken

to

rectify

Time taken to rectify 25 errors,

Errors

0.128

25

0.128

errors

is

second.

Time

1

?

Here the number of errors has been increased, so time also increases. Hence

error is directly proportional to time.

?

?

=

? = 195.31

=

25

(25

x

/

1000

0.128)1

128

135

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Question 2

The rotational speed of two connected wheels of a toy car are inversely

proportional to their diameters. A wheel with a diameter of 8 cm and speed of

36 rpm is connected to a wheel of 12 cm diameter. What is the rotational

speed of the second wheel?

a) 24 rpm b) 12 rpm c) 14 rpm d) 20 rpm

Answer : a) 24 rpm

Solution :

One wheel with a diameter of 8 cm and a speed of 36 rpm.

The

other

wheel

is

with

12

cm

in

diameter.

Given that the speed of the wheel is inversely proportional to diameters.

Diameter

8

12

Speed

36

?

reciprocally

as

8

/

12)

?

=

24

Hence the speed of the other wheel is 24 rpm

Question 3

If 18 typists are required to type 900 files in 10 hours. Then how many typists

will be required to type 660 files in 12 hours ?

a) 20 b) 16 c) 10 d) 11

Answer : d) 11

Solution :

18

typists

type

900

files

Then, 660 files typed in 12 hours by X typists.

136

in

10

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

hours.

Typists

18

X

Files

900

660

Time(hrs)

10

12

Here, the number of files has been decreased, so the number of typists also

decreases

Directly

proportional

Time has been increased but the number of typist is decreased which is

inversely proportional.

X = 660 / 900 x 10 / 12 x 18 (Since time is inversely proportional to typists

12

/

10

is

changed

reciprocally

as

10

/

12)

X

=

11.

The number of typist required is 11.

Unit-10: factorization

1. Factors and Multiples:

If number a divided another number b exactly, we say that a is

a factor of b.

In this case, b is called a multiple of a.

2. Highest Common Factor (H.C.F.) or Greatest Common Measure

(G.C.M.) or Greatest Common Divisor (G.C.D.):

The H.C.F. of two or more than two numbers is the greatest number

that divides each of them exactly.

There are two methods of finding the H.C.F. of a given set of numbers:

I.

II.

137

numbers as the product of prime factors. The product of least

powers of common prime factors gives H.C.F.

Division Method: Suppose we have to find the H.C.F. of two

given numbers, divide the larger by the smaller one. Now, divide

the divisor by the remainder. Repeat the process of dividing the

preceding number by the remainder last obtained till zero is

obtained as remainder. The last divisor is required H.C.F.

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

have to find the H.C.F. of three numbers, then, H.C.F. of [(H.C.F.

of any two) and (the third number)] gives the H.C.F. of three

given number.

Similarly, the H.C.F. of more than three numbers may be

obtained.

3. Least Common Multiple (L.C.M.):

The least number which is exactly divisible by each one of the given

numbers is called their L.C.M.

There are two methods of finding the L.C.M. of a given set of numbers:

I.

into a product of prime factors. Then, L.C.M. is the product of

highest powers of all the factors.

II. Division Method (short-cut): Arrange the given numbers in a

rwo in any order. Divide by a number which divided exactly at

least two of the given numbers and carry forward the numbers

which are not divisible. Repeat the above process till no two of

the numbers are divisible by the same number except 1. The

product of the divisors and the undivided numbers is the required

L.C.M. of the given numbers.

4. Product of two numbers = Product of their H.C.F. and L.C.M.

5. Co-primes: Two numbers are said to be co-primes if their H.C.F. is 1.

6. H.C.F. and L.C.M. of Fractions:

H.C.F. of Numerators

L.C.M. of Denominators

L.C.M. of Numerators

2. L.C.M. =

H.C.F. of Denominators

1. H.C.F. =

In a given numbers, make the same number of decimal places by

annexing zeros in some numbers, if necessary. Considering these

138

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

numbers without decimal point, find H.C.F. or L.C.M. as the case may

be. Now, in the result, mark off as many decimal places as are there in

each of the given numbers.

9. Comparison of Fractions:

Find the L.C.M. of the denominators of the given fractions. Convert

each of the fractions into an equivalent fraction with L.C.M as the

denominator, by multiplying both the numerator and denominator by

the same number. The resultant fraction with the greatest numerator is

the greatest.

(1).

Factors

In a division, if a number f divides a number M completely

(exactly) or in other words, if M is exactly divisible by f, then f is

the factor of M.

Example : 5 divides 35 completely, so, 5 is a factor of 35.

Similarly, 2, 3, 4, 6 are all factors of 12, because each of the

numbers 2, 3, 4 and 6 will divide 12 completely or, in other words

12 is divisible by 2, 3, 4 and 6.

(2).

Multiples

From the above concept, if f is a factor of M, then M is a multiple

of f.

Example : 63 is completely divisible by 7, 3, 9, 21. So, 63 is a

multiple of 7 or 3 or 9 or 21.

(3).

Principle

of

Prime

Factorisation

Any natural number (>1) is either prime or non-prime (composite).

The

principle

of

prime

factorisation

states

(reduced) into two or more prime numbers (prime factors). In other

words, each non-prime number is divisible by any of the prime

139

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

numbers.

With the use of this principle, a non-prime number is broken into

its prime factor by dividing it with different prime numbers. This is

known as division method of factorisation of a number. The same

is

explained

in

the

following

example.

Example : Resolve 20570 into its prime factors.

Thus,

20570 = 2 5 11 11 17.

Hence, if the number is even, the division should start with 2;

otherwise, rest of the prime numbers should be tried in succession.

(4).

Highest

Common

Factor

(HCF)

If two or more number are broken into their prime factors (as

explained in 2.3), then the product of the maximum common prime

factors in the given numbers is the H.C.F. of the numbers.

In other words, the HCF of two or more numbers is the greatest

number (divisor) that divides all the given numbers exactly. So,

HCF is also called the Greatest Common Divisor (GCD).

Example

: Find

the

HCF

of

72,

60,

Here, we first find the prime factors of each given number.

2|72

2|36

2|18

3|9

140

2|60

2|30

3|15

|5

96.

2|96

2|48

2|24

2|12

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

|3

2|6

|3

Here

72 = 2 2 2 3 3

60 = 2 2 3 5

96 = 2 2 2 2 2 3

3 = 12

Note : The common factors in the given numbers have been

encircled.

(5). LCM (Lowest Common Multiple)

The LCM of two or more than two numbers is the product of the

highest powers of all the prime factors that occur in these numbers.

Example : Find the LCM of 36, 48, 64 and 72

2| 36,

2| 18,

2| 9,

2| 9,

3| 9,

3| 3,

| 1,

48,

24,

12,

6,

3,

1,

1,

64, 72

32, 36

16, 18

8, 9

4, 9

4, 3

4, 1

LCM = 2 2 2 2 3 3 4 = 576.

HCF of numbers LCM of numbers = Product of numbers

i.e., if the numbers are A and B, then

141

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

(7)Difference between HCF and LCM

HCF of x, y and z

LCM of x, y and z

can exactly divide x, y and z.

exactly divisible by x, y and z.

Rapid information list

Ref.

No.

Type of

problem

Approach to

problem

3.

NUMBER that will Required number = HCF of x, y

exactly divide x, y and and z (greatest divisor)

z.

4.

NUMBER that will

Required nimber (greatest divisor)

divide x, y and z

= HCF of (x - a), (y - b) and (z -c).

leaving remainders a, b

and c respectively.

5.

Find

the

LEAST

NUMBER which is Required number = LCM of x, y

exactly divisible by x, and z (least dividend)

y and z.

6.

Find

the

LEAST

NUMBER which when

dividend by x, y and z

leaves the remainders

a, b and c respectively.

7.

Find

the

LEAST Required number = (LCM of x, y

NUMBER which when and z) + r.

142

- a) = (y -b) = (z - c) = k (say)

Required number = (LCM of x,

y and z) - (K)

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

dividend by x, y and z

leaves

the

same

remainder 'r' each case.

8.

NUMBER that will

Required number = HCF of (x - y),

divided x, y and z

(y -z) and (z -x)

leaving

the

same

remainder in each case.

LCM of x, y and z = L

.....(step 1)

n-digit

9.

Find

the

GREATEST

NUMBER which when ) n-digit greatest

L

number (

divided by x, y and z.

remainder = .....(step 2)

(a) leaves no

R

remainder(i.e exactly

divisible)

(a) Required number = n-digit

greatest number - R

(b) leaves remainder K

in each case.

(b) Required number = [n-digit

greatest number - R] + K

Find

the

n-digit LCM of x, y and z = L

.....(step 1)

SMALLEST

NUMBER which when ) n-digit greatest

L

divided by x, y and z

number (

.....(step 2)

remainder = R

10. (a) leaves no

remainder (i.e exactly (a) Required number = n-digit

divisible)

smallest number + (L - R)

(b) leaves remainders (b) Required number = n-digit

K in each case.

smallest number + (L - R) + K

11.

143

Find the

HCF of

x a

m

, and

y b

n

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

12.

Find the

LCM of

x a

m

, and

y b

n

HCF of

fractions =

HCF of

numerators

LCF of

denominators

LCM of

fractions =

LCM of

numerators

HCM of

denominators

numbers withoutdecimal.

13.

decimal numbers

HCF of step 1) from right to left

according to the MAXIMUM

decimal places among the given

numbers.

Step1 Find the LCM of the given

numbers withoutdecimal.

14.

decimal numbers

LCM of step 1) from right to left at

the place equal to the MINIMUM

decimal places among the given

numbers.

Examples

Ex-1. Find the greatest number that will exactly divide 200 and

144

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

320.

Sol.

required number = HCF of 200 and 320 = 40.

Ex-2. Find the greatest number that will divide 148, 246 and 623

leaving remainders 4, 6 and 11 respectively.

Using the approach (4),

required number = HCF of (148 4).

(246 6) and (623 11) i.e. HCF of 144, 240, 612 is 12.

Sol.

Ex-3. Find the least number which when divided by 27, 35, 45

and 49 leaves the remainder 6 in each case.

Using the approach (7),

required number = (LCM of 27, 35, 45 and 49) + 6 i.e.

6615 + 6 = 6621.

Sol.

Ex-4. Find the least number which when divided by 36, 48 and 64

leaves the remainder 25, 37 and 53 respectively.

Sol.

we get,

(36 25) = (48 37) = (64 53) =

11

required number = (LCM of 36, 48 and 64) 11

= 576 11 = 565.

Ex-5. Find the greatest possible length of a scale that can be used

to measure exactly the following lengths of cloth; 3 m, 5 m, 10 cm

and 12 m 90 cm.

Sol. The lengths of cloth to be measured are, 300 cm, 510 cm

and 1290 cm.

and 1290 i.e. 30

145

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

= 30 cm.

(a) increased by 8 (or added by 8)

(b) decreased by 8 (or subtracted by 8)

is exactly divisible by 15, 21, 30.

Sol. LCM of 15, 21, 30 = 210.

(a) the required number = LCM (the number added) i.e. 210 8

= 202

(b) the required number = LCM + (the number subtracted) i.e. 210

+ 8 = 218.

1. Which one of the following is not a prime number?

A.

31

B.

61

C.

71

D.

91

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

91 is divisible by 7. So, it is not a prime number.

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2. (112 x 54) = ?

A.

146

67000

B.

70000

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C.

76500

D.

77200

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

10 4 112 x 104 1120000

(112 x 5 ) = 112 x

=

=

= 70000

2

24

16

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4

Which of the following numbers is completely divisible by this number?

A.

(216 + 1)

B.

(216 - 1)

C.

(7 x 223)

D.

(296 + 1)

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Let 232 = x. Then, (232 + 1) = (x + 1).

Let (x + 1) be completely divisible by the natural number N. Then,

(296 + 1) = [(232)3 + 1] = (x3 + 1) = (x + 1)(x2 - x + 1), which is completely

divisible by N, since (x + 1) is divisible by N.

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4. What least number must be added to 1056, so that the sum is completely

divisible by 23 ?

A.

147

B.

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C.

18

E.

None of these

D.

21

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

23) 1056 (45

92

--136

115

--21

--Required number = (23 - 21)

= 2.

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5. 1397 x 1397 = ?

A.

1951609

B.

1981709

C.

18362619

D.

2031719

E.

None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

148

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

= (1400 - 3)2

= (1400)2 + (3)2 - (2 x 1400 x 3)

= 1960000 + 9 - 8400

= 1960009 - 8400

= 1951609.

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6. How many of the following numbers are divisible by 132 ?

264, 396, 462, 792, 968, 2178, 5184, 6336

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

132 = 4 x 3 x 11

So, if the number divisible by all the three number 4, 3 and 11, then the

number is divisible by 132 also.

264

11,3,4 (/)

396

11,3,4 (/)

462

11,3 (X)

792

11,3,4 (/)

149

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

968

11,4 (X)

2178

11,3 (X)

5184

3,4 (X)

6336

11,3,4 (/)

Therefore the following numbers are divisible by 132 : 264, 396, 792 and

6336.

Required number of number = 4.

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7. (935421 x 625) = ?

A.

575648125

B.

584638125

C.

584649125

D.

585628125

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

935421 x 625 = 935421 x 54 = 935421 x

10 4

2

=

=

24

16

= 584638125

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8. The largest 4 digit number exactly divisible by 88 is:

150

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

9944

B.

9768

C.

9988

D.

8888

E.

None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Largest 4-digit number = 9999

88) 9999 (113

88

---1199

88

---319

264

--55

--Required number = (9999 - 55)

= 9944.

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9. Which of the following is a prime number ?

A.

33

B.

81

C.

93

D.

97

151

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Clearly, 97 is a prime number.

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10. What is the unit digit in {(6374)1793 x (625)317 x (341491)}?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Unit digit in (6374)1793 = Unit digit in (4)1793

= Unit digit in [(42)896 x 4]

= Unit digit in (6 x 4) = 4

Unit digit in (625)317 = Unit digit in (5)317 = 5

Unit digit in (341)491 = Unit digit in (1)491 = 1

Required digit = Unit digit in (4 x 5 x 1) = 0.

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11. 5358 x 51 = ?

A.

273258

B.

273268

C.

273348

D.

273358

152

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

5358 x 51 = 5358 x (50 + 1)

= 5358 x 50 + 5358 x 1

= 267900 + 5358

= 273258.

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12. The sum of first five prime numbers is:

A.

11

B.

18

C.

26

D.

28

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Required sum = (2 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 11) = 28.

Note: 1 is not a prime number.

Definition: A prime number (or a prime) is a natural number that has

exactly two distinct natural number divisors: 1 and itself.

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13. The difference of two numbers is 1365. On dividing the larger number by

the smaller, we get 6 as quotient and the 15 as remainder. What is the

153

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

smaller number ?

A.

240

B.

270

C.

295

D.

360

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Let the smaller number be x. Then larger number = (x + 1365).

x + 1365 = 6x + 15

5x = 1350

x = 270

Smaller number = 270.

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14. (12)3 x 64 432 = ?

A.

5184

B.

5060

C.

5148

D.

5084

E.

None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

(12)3 x 64 (12)3 x 64

2

2

2

Given Exp. =

=

2 = (12) x 6 = (72) = 5184

432

12 x 6

154

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

15. 72519 x 9999 = ?

A.

725117481

B.

674217481

C.

685126481

D.

696217481

E.

None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

72519 x 9999 = 72519 x (10000 - 1)

= 72519 x 10000 - 72519 x 1

= 725190000 - 72519

= 725117481.

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16. If the number 517*324 is completely divisible by 3, then the smallest

whole number in the place of * will be:

A.

B.

C.

D.

None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

155

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

divisible by 3.

x = 2.

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17. The smallest 3 digit prime number is:

A.

101

B.

103

C.

109

D.

113

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The smallest 3-digit number is 100, which is divisible by 2.

100 is not a prime number.

101 < 11 and 101 is not divisible by any of the prime numbers 2, 3, 5, 7,

11.

101 is a prime number.

Hence 101 is the smallest 3-digit prime number.

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18. Which one of the following numbers is exactly divisible by 11?

A.

235641

B.

245642

C.

315624

D.

415624

156

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

(4 + 5 + 2) - (1 + 6 + 3) = 1, not divisible by 11.

(2 + 6 + 4) - (4 + 5 + 2) = 1, not divisible by 11.

(4 + 6 + 1) - (2 + 5 + 3) = 1, not divisible by 11.

(4 + 6 + 1) - (2 + 5 + 4) = 0, So, 415624 is divisible by 11.

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19. (?) - 19657 - 33994 = 9999

A.

63650

B.

53760

C.

59640

D.

61560

E.

None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

19657

33994

----53651

-----

Then, x = 9999 + 53651 = 63650

20. The sum of first 45 natural numbers is:

157

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

1035

B.

1280

C.

2070

D.

2140

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Let Sn =(1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 45). This is an A.P. in which a =1, d =1, n = 45.

Sn =

n

2

[2a + (n 1)d]

45 x [2 x 1 + (45 - 1) x

45 x

=

1]

2

2 46

= (45 x

23)

= 45 x (20 + 3)

= 45 x 20 + 45 x 3

= 900 + 135

= 1035.

Shorcut Method:

n(n + 1) 45(45 + 1)

=

= 1035.

2

2

21. Which of the following number is divisible by 24 ?

Sn =

A.

35718

B.

63810

C.

537804

D.

3125736

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

158

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Clearly, 35718 is not divisible by 8, as 718 is not divisible by 8.

Similarly, 63810 is not divisible by 8 and 537804 is not divisible by 8.

Cibsuder oart (d).

Sum of digits = (3 + 1 + 2 + 5 + 7 + 3 + 6) = 27, which is divisible by 3.

Also, 736 is divisible by 8.

3125736 is divisible by (3 x 8), i.e., 24.

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22. 753 x 753 + 247 x 247 - 753 x 247

=?

753 x 753 x 753 + 247 x 247 x 247

A.

1

1000

B.

1

506

C.

253

500

D.

None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

(a2 + b2 - ab)

1

1

1

Given Exp. =

=

=

=

(a3 + b3)

(a + b) (753 + 247) 1000

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23. (?) + 3699 + 1985 - 2047 = 31111

A.

159

34748

B.

27474

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C.

30154

E.

None of these

D.

27574

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

x + 3699 + 1985 - 2047 = 31111

x + 3699 + 1985 = 31111 + 2047

x + 5684 = 33158

x = 33158 - 5684 = 27474.

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24. If the number 481 * 673 is completely divisible by 9, then the smallest

whole number in place of * will be:

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Sum of digits = (4 + 8 + 1 + x + 6 + 7 + 3) = (29 + x), which must be

divisible by 9.

160

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

x = 7.

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25. The difference between the local value and the face value of 7 in the

numeral 32675149 is

A.

75142

B.

64851

C.

5149

D.

69993

E.

None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

(Local value of 7) - (Face value of 7) = (70000 - 7) = 69993

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26. The difference between a positive proper fraction and its reciprocal is

9/20. The fraction is:

A.

3

5

B.

3

10

C.

4

5

D.

4

3

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Let the required fraction be x. Then 1 - x = 9

161

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

20

1-x

9

=

x

20

20 - 20x2 = 9x

20x2 + 9x - 20 = 0

20x2 + 25x - 16x - 20 = 0

5x(4x + 5) - 4(4x + 5) = 0

(4x + 5)(5x - 4) = 0

4

5

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x=

same number by 8, what will be the remainder ?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss.

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28. If n is a natural number, then (6n2 + 6n) is always divisible by:

A.

162

6 only

B.

6 and 12 both

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C.

12 only

by 18 only

D.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

(6n2 + 6n) = 6n(n + 1), which is always divisible by 6 and 12 both,

since n(n + 1) is always even.

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29. 107 x 107 + 93 x 93 = ?

A.

19578

B.

19418

C.

20098

D.

21908

E.

None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

107 x 107 + 93 x

= (107)2 + (93)2

93

= (100 + 7)2 + (100 - 7)2

= 2 x [(100)2 + 72]

2(a2 + b2)]

= 20098

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163

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

B.

63

C.

66

D.

67

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

(xn + 1) will be divisible by (x + 1) only when n is odd.

(6767 + 1) will be divisible by (67 + 1)

(6767 + 1) + 66, when divided by 68 will give 66 as remainder.

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31. On dividing a number by 5, we get 3 as remainder. What will the

remainder when the square of the this number is divided by 5 ?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Let the number be x and on dividing x by 5, we get k as quotient and 3 as

remainder.

x = 5k + 3

x2 = (5k + 3)2

164

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

= (25k2 + 30k + 9)

= 5(5k2 + 6k + 1) + 4

On dividing x2 by 5, we get 4 as remainder.

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32. How many 3-digit numbers are completely divisible 6 ?

A.

149

B.

150

C.

151

D.

166

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

3-digit number divisible by 6 are: 102, 108, 114,... , 996

This is an A.P. in which a = 102, d = 6 and l = 996

Let the number of terms be n. Then tn = 996.

a + (n - 1)d = 996

102 + (n - 1) x 6 = 996

6 x (n - 1) = 894

(n - 1) = 149

n = 150

Number of terms = 150.

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165

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

33. How many natural numbers are there between 23 and 100 which are

exactly divisible by 6 ?

A.

B.

11

C.

12

D.

13

E.

None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Required numbers are 24, 30, 36, 42, ..., 96

This is an A.P. in which a = 24, d = 6 and l = 96

Let the number of terms in it be n.

Then tn = 96

a + (n - 1)d = 96

24 + (n - 1) x 6 = 96

(n - 1) x 6 = 72

(n - 1) = 12

n = 13

Required number of numbers = 13.

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34. How many of the following numbers are divisible by 3 but not by 9 ?

2133, 2343, 3474, 4131, 5286, 5340, 6336, 7347, 8115, 9276

A.

166

B.

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C.

D.

None of these

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Marking (/) those which are are divisible by 3 by not by 9 and the others

by (X), by taking the sum of digits, we get:s

2133

9 (X)

2343

12 (/)

3474

18 (X)

4131

9 (X)

5286

21 (/)

5340

12 (/)

6336

18 (X)

7347

21 (/)

8115

15 (/)

9276

24 (/)

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35. (963 + 476)2 + (963 - 476)2

=?

(963 x 963 + 476 x 476)

A.

167

1449

B.

497

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C.

E.

None of these

D.

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

(a + b)2 + (a - b)2 2(a2 + b2) = 2

Given Exp. =

= 2

(a2 + b2)

(a + b2)

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36. How many 3 digit numbers are divisible by 6 in all ?

A.

149

B.

150

C.

151

D.

166

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Required numbers are 102, 108, 114, ... , 996

This is an A.P. in which a = 102, d = 6 and l = 996

Let the number of terms be n. Then,

a + (n - 1)d = 996

102 + (n - 1) x 6 = 996

6 x (n - 1) = 894

168

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

(n - 1) = 149

n = 150.

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37. A 3-digit number 4a3 is added to another 3-digit number 984 to give a 4digit number 13b7, which is divisible by 11. Then, (a + b) = ?

A.

10

B.

11

C.

12

D.

15

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

4a3 |

9 8 4 } ==> a + 8 = b ==> b - a = 8

13 b 7 |

Also, 13 b7 is divisible by 11

(7 + 3) - (b + 1) = (9 - b)

(9 - b) = 0

b=9

(b = 9 and a = 1)

(a + b) = 10.

38. 8597 - ? = 7429 - 4358

A.

5426

B.

5706

C.

5526

D.

5476

169

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

E.

None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

7429

Let 8597 - x = 3071

-4358

Then, x = 8597 - 3071

---= 5526

3071

---View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

39. The smallest prime number is:

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The smallest prime number is 2.

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40. (12345679 x 72) = ?

A.

88888888

B.

888888888

C.

898989898

D.

9999999998

170

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

12345679 x 72 = 12345679 x (70 +2)

= 12345679 x 70 + 12345679 x 2

= 864197530 + 24691358

= 888888888

41. On dividing a number by 357, we get 39 as remainder. On dividing the

same number 17, what will be the remainder ?

A.

B.

C.

D.

11

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Let x be the number and y be the quotient. Then,

x = 357 x y + 39

= (17 x 21 x y) + (17 x 2) + 5

= 17 x (21y + 2) + 5)

Required remainder = 5.

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42. If the product 4864 x 9 P 2 is divisible by 12, then the value of P is:

171

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

None of these

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, 4864 is divisible by 4.

So, 9P2 must be divisible by 3. So, (9 + P + 2) must be divisible by 3.

P = 1.

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43. Which one of the following is the common factor of (4743 + 4343) and

(4747 + 4347) ?

A.

(47 - 43)

B.

(47 + 43)

C.

(4743 + 4343)

D.

None of these

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

When n is odd, (xn + an) is always divisible by (x + a).

Each one of (4743 + 4343) and (4747 + 4347) is divisible by (47 + 43).

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172

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

A.

2436

B.

2801

C.

-2801

D.

-2071

E.

None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Given Exp. = -84 x (30 - 1) + 365

= -(84 x 30) + 84 + 365

= -2520 + 449

= -2071

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45. A number when divided by 296 leaves 75 as remainder. When the same

number is divided by 37, the remainder will be:

A.

B.

C.

D.

11

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Let x = 296q + 75

173

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

= (37 x 8q + 37 x 2) + 1

= 37 (8q + 2) + 1

Thus, when the number is divided by 37, the remainder is 1.

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46. In dividing a number by 585, a student employed the method of short

division. He divided the number successively by 5, 9 and 13 (factors 585)

and got the remainders 4, 8, 12 respectively. If he had divided the number

by 585, the remainder would have been

A.

24

B.

144

C.

292

D.

584

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

5|x

z = 13 x 1 + 12 = 25

-------------9|y -4

y = 9 x z + 8 = 9 x 25 + 8 = 233

-------------13| z - 8

x = 5 x y + 4 = 5 x 233 + 4 = 1169

-------------| 1 -12

585) 1169 (1

585

--584

--Therefore, on dividing the number by 585, remainder = 584.

174

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

47. In a division sum, the divisor is 10 times the quotient and 5 times the

remainder. If the remainder is 46, what is the dividend ?

A.

4236

B.

4306

C.

4336

D.

5336

E.

None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Divisor = (5 x 46) = 230

10 x Quotient = 230

230

= 23

10

= (230 x 23) + 46

= 5290 + 46

= 5336.

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48. 4500 x ? = 3375

A.

2

5

B.

3

4

C.

D.

175

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

4

E.

None of these

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

337575 3

4500 x x = 3375

x=

=

4500100 4

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49. What smallest number should be added to 4456 so that the sum is

completely divisible by 6 ?

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

6) 4456 (742

42

--25

24

Therefore, Required number = (6 - 4) = 2.

--16

12

---

176

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

4

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50. What least number must be subtracted from 13601, so that the remainder

is divisible by 87 ?

A.

23

B.

31

C.

29

D.

37

E.

49

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

87) 13601 (156

87

---490

435

---551

522

--29

--Therefore, the required number = 29.

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51. 476 ** 0 is divisible by both 3 and 11. The non-zero digits in the

hundred's and ten's places are respectively:

A.

177

7 and 4

B.

7 and 5

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C.

8 and 5

D.

None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Let the given number be 476 xy 0.

Then (4 + 7 + 6 + x + y + 0) = (17 + x + y) must be divisible by 3.

And, (0 + x + 7) - (y + 6 + 4) = (x - y -3) must be either 0 or 11.

x-y-3=0

y=x-3

x= 2 or x = 8.

x = 8 and y = 5.

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52. If the number 97215 * 6 is completely divisible by 11, then the smallest

whole number in place of * will be:

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

178

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

(6 + 5 + 2 + 9) - (x + 1 + 7) = (14 - x), which must be divisible by 11.

x=3

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53. (112 + 122 + 132 + ... + 202) = ?

A.

385

B.

2485

C.

2870

D.

3255

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

(112 + 122 + 132 + ... + 202) = (12 + 22 + 32 + ... + 202) - (12 + 22 + 32 + ...

+ 102)

Ref: (12 + 22 + 32 + ... + n2) =

1

n(n + 1)(2n + 1)

6

20 x 21 x 41 10 x 11 x 21

6

6

= (2870 - 385)

= 2485.

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54. If the number 5 * 2 is divisible by 6, then * = ?

A.

179

B.

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

C.

D.

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

6 = 3 x 2. Clearly, 5 * 2 is divisible by 2. Replace * by x.

Then, (5 + x + 2) must be divisible by 3. So, x = 2.

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55. Which of the following numbers will completely divide (4915 - 1) ?

A.

B.

14

C.

46

D.

50

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

(xn - 1) will be divisibly by (x + 1) only when n is even.

(4915 - 1) = {(72)15 - 1} = (730 - 1), which is divisible by (7 +1), i.e., 8.

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56.

9+

A.

180

3

2

1

+7+

- 9+

=?

4

17

15

7+

719

1020

B.

9+

817

1020

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

719

1020

C.

9+

E.

None of these

D.

7+

817

1020

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Given sum = 9 +

3

2

1

+7+

- 9+

4

17

15

= (9 + 7 - 9) +

3

2

1

+

4 17 15

=7+

765 + 120 - 68

1020

=7+

817

1020

57.

1-

1

2

3

+ 1+ 1+ ... up to n terms = ?

n

n

n

A.

1

n

2

B.

1

(n - 1)

2

C.

1

n(n - 1)

2

D.

None of these

Answer: Option B

181

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Explanation:

Given sum = (1 + 1 + 1 + ... to n terms) -

=n-

n 1

+1

2 n

=n-

n+1

2

1 2 3

+ + + ... to n terms

n n n

1

(n - 1)

2

58. On dividing 2272 as well as 875 by 3-digit number N, we get the same

remainder. The sum of the digits of N is:

A.

10

B.

11

C.

12

D.

13

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, (2272 - 875) = 1397, is exactly divisible by N.

Now, 1397 = 11 x 127

The required 3-digit number is 127, the sum of whose digits is 10.

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59. A boy multiplied 987 by a certain number and obtained 559981 as his

182

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

answer. If in the answer both 9 are wrong and the other digits are correct,

then the correct answer would be:

A.

553681

B.

555181

C.

555681

D.

556581

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

987 = 3 x 7 x 47

So, the required number must be divisible by each one of 3, 7, 47

553681

555181

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60. How many prime numbers are less than 50 ?

A.

16

B.

15

C.

14

D.

18

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Prime numbers less than 50 are:

2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47

183

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Their number is 15

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Expenditures of a Company (in Lakh Rupees) per Annum Over the given

Years.

Item of Expenditure

Year

Salary

Fuel and

Transport

Bonus

Interest on

Loans

Taxes

1998

288

98

3.00

23.4

83

1999

342

112

2.52

32.5

108

2000

324

101

3.84

41.6

74

2001

336

133

3.68

36.4

88

2002 420

142

3.96

49.4

98

1. What is the average amount of interest per year which the company had to

pay during this period?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Average amount of interest paid by the Company during the given period

= Rs.

184

lakhs

5

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

= Rs.

183.3

lakhs

5

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2. The total amount of bonus paid by the company during the given period is

approximately what percent of the total amount of salary paid during this

period?

A.

0.1%

B.

0.5%

C.

1%

D.

1.25%

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Required percentage =

x 100 %

(288 + 342 + 324 + 336 + 420)

17

x 100 %

1710

1%.

3. Total expenditure on all these items in 1998 was approximately what

percent of the total expenditure in 2002?

A.

62%

B.

66%

C.

69%

D.

71%

185

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

(288 + 98 + 3.00 + 23.4 + 83)

x 100 %

(420 + 142 + 3.96 + 49.4 + 98)

Required percentage =

495.4

x 100 %

713.36

69.45%.

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4. The total expenditure of the company over these items during the year

2000 is?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Total expenditure of the Company during 2000

= Rs. (324 + 101 + 3.84 + 41.6 + 74) lakhs

= Rs. 544.44 lakhs.

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5. The ratio between the total expenditure on Taxes for all the years and the

total expenditure on Fuel and Transport for all the years respectively is

186

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

approximately?

A.

4:7

B.

10:13

C.

15:18

D.

5:8

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Required ratio =

(98 + 112 + 101 + 133 + 142)

451

586

1

1.3

10

.

13

Examination from Different States Over the Years.

Year

State

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

App. Qual. App. Qual. App. Qual. App. Qual. App. Qual.

M

5200

720 8500

980 7400

850

6800

775

9500 1125

7500

920

9200

980

8800 1020

6400

890

8100

980

187

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

995

R 7800 870 7600 940 9800 1350 7600 945 7990 885

1. Total number of candidates qualified from all the states together in 1997 is

approximately what percentage of the total number of candidates qualified

from all the states together in 1998?

A.

72%

B.

77%

C.

80%

D.

83%

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Required percentage =

x 100 %

(980 + 1050 + 1020 + 1240 + 940)

4160

x 100 %

5230

= 79.54%

80%.

2. What is the average candidates who appeared from State Q during the

given years?

A.

8700

B.

8760

C.

8990

D.

8920

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

188

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Required average =

5

44950

5

= 8990.

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3. In which of the given years the number of candidates appeared from State

P has maximum percentage of qualified candidates?

A.

1997

B.

1998

C.

1999

D.

2001

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The percentages of candidates qualified to candidates appeared from State

P during different years are:

For 1997

For 1998

For 1999

For 2000

For 2001

189

780

6400

1020

8800

890

7800

1010

8750

1250

9750

x 100 % = 12.19%.

x 100 % = 11.59%.

x 100 % = 11.41%.

x 100 % = 11.54%.

x 100 % = 12.82%.

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

4. What is the percentage of candidates qualified from State N for all the

years together, over the candidates appeared from State N during all the

years together?

A.

12.36%

B.

12.16%

C.

11.47%

D.

11.15%

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Required percentage =

x 100 %

(7500 + 9200 + 8450 + 9200 + 8800)

4810

x 100 %

43150

= 11.15%

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5. The percentage of total number of qualified candidates to the total number

of appeared candidates among all the five states in 1999 is?

A.

11.49%

B.

11.84%

C.

12.21%

D.

12.57%

190

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Required percentage =

x 100 %

(7400 + 8450 + 7800 + 8700 + 9800)

4990

x 100 %

42150

= 11.84%.

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Number of Candidates Appeared and Qualified in a Competitive

Examination from Different States Over the Years.

Year

State

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

App. Qual. App. Qual. App. Qual. App. Qual. App. Qual.

M

5200

720 8500

980 7400

850

6800

775

9500 1125

7500

920

9200

980

8800 1020

6400

890

8100

980

995

R 7800 870 7600 940 9800 1350 7600 945 7990 885

6. Combining the states P and Q together in 1998, what is the percentage of

the candidates qualified to that of the candidate appeared?

A.

10.87%

B.

11.49%

C.

12.35%

D.

12.54%

191

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Required percentage =

(1020 + 1240)

x 100 %

(8800 + 9500)

2260

x 100 %

18300

= 12.35%.

1. What are the average marks obtained by all the seven students in Physics?

(rounded off to two digit after decimal)

A.

77.26

B.

89.14

C.

91.37

D.

96.11

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Average marks obtained in Physics by all the seven students

=

1

x [ (90% of 120) + (80% of 120) + (70% of 120)

7

+ (80% of 120) + (85% of 120) + (65% of 120) + (50% of 120)

]

=

1

x [ (90 + 80 + 70 + 80 + 85 + 65 + 50)% of 120 ]

7

= 1 x [ 520% of 120 ]

192

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

7

=

624

7

= 89.14.

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2. The number of students who obtained 60% and above marks in all

subjects is?

A.

B.

C.

D.

None

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

From the table it is clear that Sajal and Rohit have 60% or more marks in

each of the six subjects.

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3. What was the aggregate of marks obtained by Sajal in all the six subjects?

A.

409

B.

419

C.

429

D.

449

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

193

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

= [ (90% of 150) + (60% of 130) + (70% of 120)

+ (70% of 100) + (90% of 60) + (70% of 40) ]

= [ 135 + 78 + 84 + 70 + 54 + 28 ]

= 449.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

4. In which subject is the overall percentage the best?

A.

Maths

B.

Chemistry

C.

Physics

D.

History

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

We shall find the overall percentage (for all the seven students) with

respect to each subject.

The overall percentage for any subject is equal to the average of

percentages obtained by all the seven students since the maximum marks

for any subject is the same for all the students.

Therefore, overall percentage for:

(i) Maths

194

1

x (90 + 100 + 90 + 80 + 80 + 70 + 65) %

7

1

x (575) %

7

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

= 82.14%.

(ii) Chemistry

1

x (50 + 80 + 60 + 65 + 65 + 75 + 35) %

7

1

x (430) %

7

= 61.43%.

(iii) Physics

1

x (90 + 80 + 70 + 80 + 85 + 65 + 50) %

7

1

x (520) %

7

= 74.29%.

(iv) Geography

1

x (60 + 40 + 70 + 80 + 95 + 85 + 77) %

7

1

x (507) %

7

= 72.43%.

(v) History

1

x (70 + 80 + 90 + 60 + 50 + 40 + 80) %

7

1

x (470) %

7

= 67.14%.

(vi) Comp. Science =

195

1

x (80 + 70 + 70 + 60 + 90 + 60 + 80) %

7

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

1

x (510) %

7

= 72.86%.

Clearly, this percentage is highest for Maths.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

5. What is the overall percentage of Tarun?

A.

52.5%

B.

55%

C.

60%

D.

63%

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Aggregate marks obtained by Tarun

= [ (65% of 150) + (35% of 130) + (50% of 120)

+ ((77% of 100) + (80% of 60) + (80% of 40) ]

= [ 97.5 + 45.5 + 60 + 77 + 48 + 32 ]

= 360.

The maximum marks (of all the six subjects)

= (150 + 130 + 120 + 100 + 60 + 40)

= 600.

Overall percentage of Tarun =

196

360

x 100 % = 60%.

600

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

197

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

Thanking

you

198

Bharathidasanar Matric Higher Secondary School, Arakkonam PC MATHS for 8th std

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