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From Laminating to

3D-Infusion
Terho Halme, lecturer of boat technology

6.8.2010 Kuressaare maritime days

2D-infusion of sailboat deck

Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

Vacuum infusion layup

Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

Vacuum infused part

Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

Vacuum infusion
Pros

Cons

Stronger and uniform


laminate (higher fiber
content)

Needs education for


laminators to fully
understand the
process

Reduced resin usage


Improved working
enviroment

Some waste (peel ply,


flow fabric, plastic
bag)

No styrene emission

Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

2D-Infusion (hull panel only)

Hull skins and


core are infused
and cured
Stiffeners and
engine bearers
are bonded and
over laminated
(possible vacuum
bagged)

Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

3D infusion (panel and stiffeners)

Hull skins,
core, stiffeners
and engine
bearers are
infused at oneshot

Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

Dry layup, improved working


enviroment

Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

3D Infusion started

Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Technology| Terho Halme

3D infusion
Pros

Problems

Stronger, lighter and


more reliable
structure

Tight outside corners


can be dry and inside
corners resin rich

No bonding problems

Foam cores and


reinforcing
components must fit
perfectly

Well proven in
aerospace and
automotive industries

Savings in time, labor


and material costs
Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

Gaps will lead to


inconsistent resin flow

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Successful 3D infusion

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From Fuel Waste to


Green Boating
Low energy boats, is common sense winning?

Professional BoatBuilder/WoodenBoat
magazines Design Challenge II

Must be trailerable for affordable launching, over-the-road


transportation, and storage.

Max beam 8 ; max length 40

Minimum length 24, stem to transom

Trailerable weight (with engine) should not exceed 3,500 pounds

Must burn less than 2 gallons per hour (7.6 l/hr), maintaining a 10knot cruising speed in a 2 (0.6m) chop and 15-knot breeze while
carrying 800 lbs/362 kg (family of four). Favorable consideration will
be given for continued efficient fuel consumption and good seakeeping
abilities at speeds in excess of 10 knots

Must include at least spartan overnight accommodations (berths,


head, galley) for two adults and two children

Must be a new design

Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

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Composite Category Winner


- NA students of INHolland UAS

Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

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Wood Category Winner


- Jon Ames, Westlawn Institute

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Metal Category Winner


- Albert Nazarov at Albatross Marine Designs

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Well, whats new?


This is Eetu Seppls design no 54/1915

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Hybrid Boat: Greenline 33

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Electric Motor Speed

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Under water simulation of hull

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Greenline 33, Hybrid Boat Diagram


Consumers

Solar panel

Blug-in

Energy
management
module
Battery charger
DC/AC converter

Electric motor/
generator
Coupling
Kymenlaakso UAS | Boat Techology| Terho Halme

Lithium
batteries
Diesel
engine
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Volkswagen Hybrid Engine

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3D infused hulls

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Greenline 33 Hybrid

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A Real Low Energy Boat

Have a nice green future!


References:
Professional Boatbuilder Magazine
http://www.proboat.com/
http://www.greenlinehybrid.com/
http://www.vw-m.de/
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