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1- Relay installed on 11KV Circuit Breaker is

a) Current operated
b) Voltage operated
2- Differential relay is installed on
a) Power transformer
b) Transmission line
3- Over current relay installed on transmission line is called
a) Primary protection
b) Back up protection
4- Buchholz relay is installed on
a) Generator
b) Power transformer
5- Temperature gauges of power transformers are used for
a) Cooling
b) Protection
c) Both a & b
6- Matching C.Ts are used in the circuit of
a) Differential relay
b) Distance relay
c) Both a&b
7- KVA Rating of a transformer decides
a) Load sharing
b) Size of transformer
c) capacity and size of T/F
8- Iron/constant losses of a transformer includes
a) Eddy current losses
b) Hysteresis losses
c) both a and b
9- Two transformers are connected in paralleled for sharing same load in KVA.
a) KVA rating should be same
b) % Z should be same
c) both a and b
10-Two transformers are connected in paralleled for sharing load proportional to
their KVA Ratings
a) KVA rating should be same
b) % Z should be same
11-Capacitors mainly improves the
a) System Voltage
b) System current
c) System losses
d) System voltage and power factor
12-If the transmission voltage is increased from 11KV to 33KV then diameter of
the conductor will be
a) Increased
b) Decreased
c) Same as 11KV system
d) None of above
13-Flow of current in neutral/earth of distribution system can cause
a) Fatal accident
b) Energy Loss
c)

c) sparking
14-In 3 distribution system, if the synchronous capacitors are to be used for
improving the power factor, the correct location would be
a) At the sending end
b) At the receiving end
c) In middle of the transmission line
d) None of above
15-The location of the lightening arresters is
a) Near the transformer b)
Away from the transformer
b) Near the circuit breaker
d)
Away from circuit breaker
16-The specific gravity is the
a) Weight of the electrolyte as compared to weight of the same volume of
water.
b) Volume of the electrolyte as compared to the volume of same weight of
water
c) None of above
17-Air blast circuit breakers for 400KV Power system are design to operate in
a) 5Sec
b)
0.5sec
c)
0.1sec
d)
50millisecond
18-Series capacitors are used to
a) Improve line voltage
b) Compensate for line inductive reactance.
c) Compensate for line capacitive reactance.
d) None of above
19-If the height of the transmission tower is decreased, the inductance of the
line will
a) Increase
b) decrease
c) Remain same
d) Decrease exponentially
20-The lightening arrestors acts as
a) Surge diverter
b) Surge coil
c) Surge absorber
d) Surge reflector
21-Which of the following frequency variation for power frequency is permissible
as per international standards?
a) +2.5%
b) +5%
c) + 5%
d) + 2.5%
22-The weight stone bridge is used to measure
a) Low value of current
b) High value of current
c) High value of voltage
d) Low value of voltage
e) Resistance value
23-Which of the following equipment will choose to study the stability
a) Energy meter

b) Network analyzer
c) Network synthesizer
d) B or C
24-In power transformer which winding is closer to core
a) Primary
b) Secondary
c) LV
25-The surge impedance for over head line is taken as
a) 10-20
b) 50-60
c) 100-200
26-For transmittal of 600MW Power over a distance of 300KM, the desirable
voltage will be
a) 132KV
b) 220KV
c) 500KV
27-Which of the following short circuit is the most dangerous?
a) Dead
b) Line to ground
c) Line to line and ground
28-The specific gravity of acid in a fully charged Lead acid battery is
a) 1.285
b) 2.185
c) 2.585
29-The no of cycles in which a high speed CB can complete its operation is
a) 3 to 8
b) 10 to 18
c) 20 to 30
30-Breaking capacity of a CB is usually expressed in terms of
a) Ampere
b) Volts
c) MW
31-Which of the following material is used in solar cells?
a) Silicon
b) Barium
c) Selenium
32-Telecommunication from NPCC to the Transmission network is done through
a) PLC
b) ZIGBEA
c) GSM
33-Present WAPDA LT system is
a) 3-phase 3-wire
b) 3-phase 2-wire
c) 3-phase 4-wire
d) 3-phase 1-wire
34-Jet engine of aeroplane is
a) Gas turbine
b) Steam turbine
c) DC motor with diesel engine
d) Diesel + Diesel turbine

35-Longer distribution lines increase the


a) Line capacitance
b) Line inductance
c) Line losses
d) Line voltage
36-500KV Transmission system in WAPDA is used
a) To reduce corona and increase current
b) To provide higher voltage and low current
c) To stabilize power supply and reduce line losses
d) To provide quality supply
37-Salient features of Ghazi Brotha Hydro Power complex is
a) A barrage and power house
b) A barrage, a water channel and hydel power station
c) A water channel and hydel power station
d) Motor+Turbine+Generators
38-Harmonics are
a) High voltage surges
b) High current surges
c) Multiple of fundamental frequency
d) Kinks in the supply voltage
39-Increased use of CFLs will result in
a) P.F improvement
b) Reduce the P.F
c) No effect on P.F
40-Which type of circuit breaker is used to isolate the faulty equipment in
switchyard?
a) Minimum oil
b) SF6
c) Vacuum
41-The distribution transformers used in Pakistan have the cooling system
a) ONAN
b) ONAF
c) Neither of these
42-For setting up a distribution transformer station on a single pole the number
of pin insulators required is
a) Four
b) Two
c) Six
43-Arc furnaces are supplied from separate feeder, reason is
a) To avoid electricity theft
b) To avoid power quality issues to other consumers
c) Both above
d) Non of above
44-Pad mounted transformers have to be
a) Installed on building roofs
b) Installed outside on kurb side
c) For industry in separate enclose
d) None of above
45-Cost of service comprises of
a) The cost of generation, transmission and distribution

b) The approved return on fixed assets


c) Both of above
d) None of above
46-Power factor of single phase meter is always
a) Always unity
b) Dependant on the speed of the fan
c) Can be leading or lagging
d) None of above
47-To improve voltage regulation, per unit of % age impedance of transformer
should be
a) Very high
b) Very low
c) Both are possible
d) %impedance does not have any effect on voltage regulation
48-Recommended safety consideration for system are
a) Workers safety
b) Public safety
c) Safety of the equipment
49-Distance relay has its input
a) Only voltage
b) Only current
c) Both above
d) None of above
50-In order to limit the fault current, per unit or %age impedance of a
transformers should be
a) Very high
b) Very low
c) None of above
d) Fault current is determined by generation in the system irrespective of
impedance.
51-Advantages of parallel operation of transformers are
a) More capacity utilization
b) Economy of operation
c) Technically more sound
52-EHV is employed for transmitting
a) Large packets of power over longer distance
b) Large chunks of power from hydel station
c) Large quantum of power from thermal stations
d) None of above
53-Bundled conductors are used in EHV lines
a) To reduce reactance
b) To reduce surge impedance
c) Both above
d) None of above
54-Buchholz relay operates on the principle of
a) Electromagnetic induction
b) Frequency imbalance
c) Pressure of produced gases
d) V/F ratio
55-Transformer tank is filled with

a) Kerosene oil
b) Diesel oil
c) Diphenyle chloride oil
d) All of above
56-Secondary of a transformer is
a) Is always isolated from the primary
b) May and may not isolated
c) None of above
d) Can not say any thing.
57-Directional over current relay is better than a simple over current relay
because
a) It is cheaper
b) It provides greater selectivity
c) It is fast
d) None of above
58-Differential protection in a transformer can be applied only if
a) Transformer is connected in wye-wye
b) Transformer is connected in wye-delta
c) Transformer is connected in delta-delta
d) Transformer is connected in any configuration
59-If the primary turns of a transformers are decreased, secondary voltage will
a) Increase
b) Decrease
c) Remain same
d) None of above
60-Nominal voltage of each cell of a battery has standardized as
a) 5 volts
b) 3 volts
c) 2 volts
d) 1.75 volts
61-Zero sequence current is ___________ in case of line to line fault.
a) Maximum
b) 1/3 of fault current
c) Zero
d) Is equal to total fault current
62-Our power system is rich in ___________ buses.
a) PQ
b) PV
c) Slack
d) None
63-Synchronous motor act as source of reactive power when
a) Under excited with no load
b) Under excited with full load
c) Over excited with full load.
d) Normally excited
64-Which of the following is most sever fault on the system.
a) LLL
b) LLLG with system neutral is grounded through impedance
c) LLLG with system neutral is grounded directly i.e with impedance =0
d) All of the above are equally severe.

65-For setting up a distribution transformers station on a double pole the


number of cross arms required is
a) Four
b) two
c) three
66-the number of earth rods required for earthing of a distribution transformers
on a single structures are
a) one
b) two
c) three
67-the standard height of A Type security box in mm is
a) 1020
b) 1000
c) 1500
68-The minimum clearance between 11KV Line and 220KV lines at crossing
should be
a) 9ft
b) 15ft
c) 11ft
69-Which one is true in star (Y) system
a) Line to line voltage is equal to line to neutral voltage
b) Line to line voltage is 3 times the line to neutral voltage.
c) Line to line voltage is 1/3 times the line to neutral voltage.
70-What is best method of measure of power of 3 phase unbalanced load.
a) Three watt meter method
b) Two watt meter method
c) Single watt meter method
71-Which of the following can be used to supply the reactive power to the
electrical system?
a) Induction motor
b) Induction generator
c) Synchronous motor
d) Commutation motor
72-In 3 phase system, three phases are displaced at angle
a) 90 degree
b) 150 degree
c) 180 degree
d) 120 degree
73-Salica gel breather is used in power transformer to
a) Purify the transformer oil
b) Reduce the moisture
c) Reduce the acidity
74-The technical losses shall be lesser in case of
a) High voltage transmission
b) High current flow
c) Lengthy transmission lines
75-3 phase 4 wire electrical system is considered balanced if the neutral current
is
a) Zero

b) Greater than zero


c) Negative
76-Starting of heavy motor/machines on the distribution system create the
problem of
a) Frequency dip
b) Voltage dip
c) Over voltage
77-To cope with peak demand of electrical power, which is the best alternative to
operate
a) Thermal power station
b) Hydel power station
c) Nuclear power station
78-Which type of insulator is used for 132KV Transmission lines
a) Pin type
b) Disc type
c) Shackle type
79-What is function of steel wire in an ACSR Conductor
a) To take care of surges
b) To prevent corona
c) To improve power factor
d) To provide additional mechanical strength
80-The insulating material used for a cable should be one that was
a) High dielectric strength
b) High mechanical strength
c) Low cast
d) All of above
81-Select the part of transformer that is subjected to maximum heating
a) Core
b) Winding
c) Oil
d) Frame
82-When the generator is under excited it
a) Supplies MVARS to the system
b) Absorbs MVARS from system
c) Non of above
83-A probable cause for a turbo generator tripping on over speed is a sudden
a) Loss of excitation
b) Large increase in load
c) Total loss of load
d) Loss of steam pressure
84-The most important factory test for a turbo generators are
a) Test s on materials
b) Tests on manufactures parts
c) Tests on complete rotor
d) All of above
85-Frequency variation within nameplate data of generator should be allowed
a) Plus minus 10% rated frequency
b) Plus minus 2.5% rated frequency
c) Plus minus 5% rated frequency
d) Plus minus 15% rated frequency

86-Increase in reactive load on generator may results into


a) Increase of turbo load
b) Increase of generator rotor temperature
c) Decrease of turbine load
d) Decrease of generator rotor temperature
87-Water cooling of generator stator coils are required due to
a) High stator current
b) High stator voltage
c) Decrease of turbine load
d) Decrease of generator rotor temperature
88-Over heating of generator winding
a) Reduce generator voltage
b) Reduce power factor
c) Reduce life of machine
d) Does not have any effect
89-For parallel operation
a) Same speed
b) Same KVA Rating
c) Same voltage rating
d) None of above
90-A 120MW Generator is usually
a) Air cooled
b) Hydrogen cooled
c) Nitrogen cooled
d) Either a or b
91-Hydrogen is used for cooling of large size generators, because
a) It has high thermal conductivity
b) It is light
c) It offers reduce the risk
d) All of above reason.
92-Which alternator usually runs at slow speed as compared to others?
a) Coupled to gas turbine
b) Coupled to steam turbine
c) Coupled to hydraulic turbine
d) Coupled to diesel engine
93-While rotating on 3000rpm and sharing load of 100MW, the lubrication of
turbo generator is
a) DC tube oil pump
b) Standing oil pump
c) AC Tube oil pump
d) None of above
94-A Distribution feeder is primarily designed on the basis of
a) Permissible voltage drop along the line.
b) The current rating of the feeder.
c) Load density of the area to be covered.
d) All of above
95-Neutral grounding in a distribution system is done to achieve the purpose of
a) Personal safety
b) Equipment safety
c) Both above

96-The purpose of earth leakage protection is


a) The protection of the equipment
b) To protect the human life.
c) Both above
97-To clear temporary fault on overhead lines, is normally used
a) Circuit breaker
b) Fuse
c) Recloser
d) Relay
98-One drawback to use of capacitor is that they yield switched.
a) Transient
b) Harmonics
c) Notching
d) Unbalancing
99-The maximum short circuit current occurs in case of
a) Single to line earth fault
b) Double line to ground fault
c) Line to line fault
d) Double line to ground fault
100Power quality is something related to
a) Voltage and frequency quality
b) Current and frequency quality
c) Voltage and current quality
d) All of above
101- The power factor of an alternator depends on
a) Load
b) Speed of rotor
c) Core loss
d) Armature loss
102Transformer tank is filled with
a) Diesel oil
b) Diphenyle chloride oil
c) All of above
103- Secondary of transformer
a) Is always isolated from the primary
b) May and may not be isolated
c) Both above
104Grid station should be located
a) Far from city centers
b) Near the load center
c) Near the shopping center
d) All of above
105- The minimum number of winding in transformers may be
a) Only one
b) Two
c) Three
d) More than three
106- GIS Grid station is installed where
a) Large amount of funds are available
b) Large space is available

c) Where less space is available


d) None of above
107- Which of the following is a high speed prime mover
a) Steam turbine
b) Water turbine
c) Petrol turbine
d) Diesel turbine
108- Brushes are made of carbon because of its
a) Super conductor
b) Soft conductor
c) Semi conductor
d) All of these
109- Third generating relays-digital relays are the basis of distribution system
automation because of their
a) Self fault diagnostic
b) Computing capabilities
c) Easy interface for remote communication
d) All of these
110- Voltage regulating equipment is installed on
a) Secondary distribution lines system
b) Primary distribution lines near distribution transformers
c) Both above
d) None of above
111- Voltage control is achieved by
a) Tap changing transformer
b) Booster transformer
c) Induction regulators
d) All of above
112- The trend to have smaller substation because
a) They are simple construction and maintenance
b) Always economical
c) Both above
d) None of above
113A double bus station is preferred over a single bus station because it is
a) Economical
b) Reliable
c) Easy to maintain
d) All of above
114The murry loop test is
a) Excellent to locate faults in underground cables under all conditions.
b) Compromised in its accuracy to determine fault under certain conditions
of conductor sizes for different phases.
c) Not use at all for locating faults in cables.
d) None of above
115A protection C.T has higher accuracy than a measurement CT Because
a) It is supposed to provide protection to the system.
b) It is designed to have the characteristics
c) It is accuracy replicates the primary current under rated load.
d) None of above
116The secondary side of C.T is always closed because

a) Short circuited current should flow through it.


b) If open, no current will flow through it.
c) The voltage will build up to dangerous level which will be lethal for
personnel
d) None of above
117Fuses compared with circuit breakers
a) Fuses are old dated and have no match with circuit breaker.
b) Circuit breakers are excellent for short circuit protection where fuses
should be limited over current protection.
c) Fuses possess excellent interrupting capabilities under short circuit
protection for medium voltage system but are problematic for over load
protection
d) None of above
118A directional over current relay is better than a simple over current
relay because
a) It is cheaper
b) It provides selectivity in a parallel feeder circuit and ring mains
c) Both a and b
d) Non e of above
119A differential scheme will always remain stable for external faults
because
a) CT will faithfully transform the primary current
b) It is designed for this purpose
c) Both a and b
d) None of above
120A series resistance is added to the over current relay in a busbar
differential protection scheme which
a) Helps to develop some voltage across it which other wise should appear
across the relay and it dangerous.
b) Helps to dissipate some power which is needed by the relay to function
properly.
c) Helps to counter the effect of CT saturation and lower the pickup value of
the relay.
d) All of above
121Purpose of backup protection is to
a) Increase the speed
b) To guard against failure of primary
c) To increase a reach
d) All of above
122Location of lightening arrestors is
a) Generator
b) Bus-bar
c) Transformer
d) Circuit breaker
123Transient disturbance are caused by
a) Sudden load changes
b) Faults in power system
c) Switching operation
d) All of above

124a)
b)
c)
d)
125a)
b)
c)
d)
126a)
b)
c)
d)
127a)
b)
c)
128a)
b)
c)
129a)
b)
c)
130a)
b)
c)
d)
131a)
b)
c)
d)
132a)
b)
c)
d)
133a)
b)
c)
d)
134a)
b)

For parallel operation, the generators are normally preferred


Series generators
Shunt generators
Compound generators
Series and shunt generators
The nominal standard voltage of battery is
5 volts
2 volts
8 volts
6 volts
The dielectric strength of the SF6 Gas is
5KV
10KV
15KV
20KV
Gas insulated Sub station (GIS) Technology is used where
Extra space available
Very less space is available
Less funds are available
Parallel operation of power transformers is advantage due to
Economy of operation
More capacity utilization
Technology more sound
GIS Station should be located
Far from city centers
Near the load centers
Near shopping centers
A well designed and efficient protection relaying should have
High speed and selectivity
Economy and simplicity
Good sensitivity and reliability
All of these
The transformer oil should have dielectric strength of
40KV
30KV
20KV
10KV
Merits of vacuum circuit breakers are
Self contained
No emission of gas
Modest maintenance
All of these
The component of lead acid cell are
Positive plates
Negative plates
Electrolytes
All of these
Fault level near the generating station is
Very low
Close to zero

c)
135a)
b)
c)
d)
136a)
b)
c)
d)
137a)
b)
c)
138a)
b)
c)
139a)
b)
c)
140a)
b)
141a)
b)
c)
142a)
b)
c)
143a)
b)
c)
144a)
b)
c)
145a)
b)
c)
146a)
b)
c)

Very high
Relays gives signals to operates the
Isolators
Lightening arrestors
Circuit breaker
Line traps
Bundled conductors are used in transmission line.
To reduce the weight
To reduce the heat
Increase capacity
To increase capacity and to reduce the corona
String assembly of disc insulators are installed at
Top of transformer
Transmission line
Transmission line and busbar of grid station
Short circuit current in a breaker is
Lower then rated current
Much high than the rated current
Equal to rated current
Iron losses in the transformers are mainly due to
Resistance of copper conductor
Magnetization and hysteresis
Magnetization only
Current transformer protection and metering cores have
Different accuracy only
Same accuracy only
In a generating station power is transferred through
Step up transformer
Step down transformer
High frequency transformer
Circuit breaker and isolator have
Interlocking arrangement
No interlocking
Mounted on same pole.
Transformer oil is
Synthetic oil
Mineral oil
Vegetable oil
Which type of breaker is most efficient
SF6 Filled
Oil filled
Air blast type
Which type of relay indicates gas pressure in the power transformers
Differential relay
Earth fault relay
Buchholz relay
KVA rating of transformer is
More than KW Rating
Equal to KW Rating
No relation

147a)
b)
c)
148a)
b)
c)
149a)
b)
c)
150a)
b)
c)
151a)
b)
c)
152a)
b)
c)
d)
153a)
b)
c)
154a)
b)
c)
d)
155a)
b)
c)
156a)
b)
c)
157a)
b)
c)
158a)
b)
159-

In the Thermal power station, governors are used to


Control the speed of turbine
To increase the voltage level of generators
To reduce the fuel supply
Name/rating plate of electrical equipment indicates
Methods of operation
Methods of maintenance
Salient and improvement characteristics
Coupling capacitors voltage transformers are used for
Metering purpose only
Metering and protection
Voltage indication and power line carrier
Circuit breaker contacts are made of
Hardened steel
Tin plated brass
Silver plated copper/bronze
All motive loads have
Unity power factor
Lagging power factor
Leading power factors
Hydel power stations uses the following fuel
Furnaces oil
Mobile oil
Diesel oil
None of above
Gas turbines runs on
Gas only
Furnaces oil
Gas or Diesel
No load losses in the transformer are due to
Transformer oil
Core material
Copper winding
Transformer tank
The auto-recloser is used for fast clearing of fault on
Overhead system
Underground system
Both above
Earthing of the system is undertaken to
Avoid accidents
Save the equipment
Both above
Medical injury accident will be reported by SDO to the XEN by
Telephone
Messenger
Both above
The voltage rating of a cable depends on
The thickness of the insulation
The diameter of the conductor
The maximum efficiency of a distribution transformer is

a)
b)
c)
160a)
b)
c)
d)
161a)
b)
c)
162a)
b)
163a)
b)
c)
164a)
b)
c)
d)
165a)
b)
c)
166-

At no load
At 50% of full load
Full load
The load sharing of two transformers running in parallel depends upon
Ratings
Efficiency
Leakage reactance
Per unit impedance
Instrument transformers are
Current transformers
Potential transformers
Both above
The power factor of each phase in a 3phase unbalanced load is
Same
Different
A capacitor is used with a fluorescent tube
To increase the life of the lamp
To improve the power factor
To reduce the power factor
Power factor of industrial furnaces is
Lagging
Leading
High leading
Very low lagging
A 3-phase 4 wire energy meter is meant for measuring energy in a
3-phase unbalanced load
3-phase balanced load
Single phase system
What is the peak voltage of a sine wave that measures 220VAC rms?

a) 169V
b) 311V
c) 440V
167The frequency of signal is inversely proportional to which of the
following
a) Period
b) Amplitude
c) Phase
168Why it is important to maintain an impedance match from the source
to the load when sending signals?
a) To reduce external noise
b) To keep the line balanced
c) To reduced attenuation
169What is relationship between current (1) and voltage (V)
in a circuit
consisting of a capacitors of a capacitors in series with a resistance?
a) I and V are in phase across the capacitors
b) I lead V across the resistance
c) I and V are in phase across the resistance.
170Which of the following is one of the functions performed by a diod?
a) Filter

b) Amplifier
c) Rectifier
171Small program which control peripheral devices and heir interface with
central processor are called
a) Bus
b) Driver
c) Buffer
172A storage element that can maintain a binary state indefinitely until
directed by input signal to switch state is called
a) Flip flop
b) Latches
c) Bus
173For low head power plants turbine generally used is
a) Pelton turbine
b) Francis turbine
c) Kaplan turbine
174For high head power plants turbine generally used is
d) Pelton turbine
e) Francis turbine
f) Kaplan turbine
175Most of the steam turbo-alternators are wound for
a) Two poles
b) Tent o twenty poles
c) Twenty to thirty poles
176A synchronous condenser is usually a
a) DC Generator
b) Induction motor
c) Over excited synchronous motor
177Which of the following power plants will take least time in starting from
cold condition to full load operation
a) Steam power plant
b) Hydro electric plant
c) Gas turbine plant
178A gas turbine power plant is best suited for
a) Emergency
b) Base load
c) Peak loads
179Location of lightening arrester is near a
a) Generator
b) Bus-Bar
c) Transformer
180The core in distribution and power transformer is built of
a) Cast iron
b) Mild steel
c) Silicon steel
181A DC series motor should not be run at light/no load
a) It will draw a dangerously large current
b) It will run at a dangerously high speed
c) Both above
182In hand tool applications the single phase motor used is

a) Capacitor start motor


b) Capacitor run motor
c) AC Series motor
183A circuit breaker is essentially
a) An arc extinguisher
b) A current interrupting device
c) A power factor correcting device
184Which of following results in a symmetrical faults
a) Single line to ground
b) Phase to phase
c) All three phase to earth
185The zero sequence fault currents are absent when fault is
a) Single line to ground
b) Line to line
c) Double line to ground
186Which of following circuit breaker has high reliability and negligible
a) Air blast
b) SF6
c) Oil
187The impedance relaying scheme is used for protection of
a) Transformer
b) Bus-bar
c) Transmission line
188The percentage differential protection of a transformer protects the
transformer against
a) External fault
b) Overloading
c) Internal faults
189Lightening is a huge spark caused by electrical discharge taking place
between
a) Clouds
b) Clouds and earth
c) Any of above
190The over voltage surges in power system may caused by
a) Lightening
b) Resonance
c) Switching
191The secondary of a current transformer should not be kept open to
avoid to
a) Damage to the C.T Itself
b) Damage to the personnel
c) Both above
192To reduce corona effect usually
a) The conductor diameter is reduced
b) Bundled conductors are used
c) Stranded conductor is used
193The conductor carries more current on the surface in comparison to its
core. This phenomenon is called
a) Corona
b) Skin effect

c) Ferrenti effect
194Conductor for EHV line is selected on the basis of
a) Current carrying capacity
b) Corona and RI performance
c) Line voltage
195A transformer that lowers or step down voltage only is called as
a) Current transformer
b) Voltage transformer
c) Lower transformer
196In single line diagram 220KV lines are shown with colour
a) Yellow
b) Red
c) Green
197At grid station the value of earthing mask should not increase than
a) 5 ohm
b) 3 ohm
c) 2 ohm
198The number of diagonals of a 12 sided figure is
a) 66
b) 54
c) 48
199The light reaches the earth from sun in nearly
a) 15 min
b) 10 min
c) 8 min and 30 sec
200With increase in temperature the electrical conductivity of intrinsic
semi conductor
a) Decrease
b) Increase
c) Remain same
201For GIS required the place as compared to conventional grid station
a) 10%
b) 20%
c) 50%
202A function which is maximized is called
a) Optimal
b) Feasible
c) Objective
203The 3600th part of the degree is called
a) Second
b) Minute
c) Degree
204What is power factor of incandescent bulb?
a) Unity
b) 0.8 lagging
c) 0.8 leading
d) Zero
205Transformer core is made of
a) Stainless steel
b) Varnished iron sheets

c) Silicon steel
d) Composite metal sheet
206Sine wave of 50HZ Will have angular frequency equal to
a) 50
b) 50/2
c) 100
207Same capacity load with higher voltage will draw
a) Less current
b) Same current
c) More current
208MDI meter is used for
a) Recording max power factor of a consumer
b) Recording max load demand of a consumer
c) Maximum daily input measurement of current
d) None of above
209Distance between the middle points of conductor of two successive
spans of a transmission line is
a) Wind span
b) Weight span
c) Reeling span
d) None of above
210The sag in over head line conductor is
a) Distance between lowest conductor point and ground
b) Distance between two poles
c) Distance between lowest conductor point and poles
d) None of above
211Power angle is the angle between
a) Active and reactive angle
b) Power factor and load factor
c) Source and load voltage
d) None of above
212Distribution transformers in FESCO are made of function on winding of
a) Delta-star
b) Star-Star
c) Star-Delta
d) Delta-Delta
213Transformer cores are built from laminations rather than of solid
material because
a) Air circulation is improved
b) Oil penetrates the core conveniently
c) Eddy current loss is reduced
d) Transformer insulation media is required for winding is reduced.
214Arcing horns on transformer are meant for
a) Saving the birds from electrocution
b) By passing lightening over voltage
c) By pass lightening over current
215Buchholz relay is used on transformer for
a) Disconnecting tap changer
b) Collecting burnt gases/ vapours due to internal fault
c) Disconnecting the transformer incase of external line fault

d) None of above
216Secondary of an energized current transformer be kept
a) Open circuited in air
b) Short circuit
c) Immersed in oil
217An insulator will conduct when
a) Voltage applied exceeds the breakdown voltage
b) Temperature is raised to abnormal limits
c) It is very badly polluted
d) Under none of above conditions
e) Under all above condition
218Capacitors are installed on the system to
a) Control and arrest reactive currents.
b) Bypass over voltage
c) Reduce the active currents.
219Kirchhoff law is applicable to only
a) Closed loop in a network
b) Electronic series circuits
c) Junctions in a network
d) Direct current connections
220Ten disc insulators string usually suggest the transmission line voltage
of
a) 10KV
b) 33KV
c) 132KV
d) 66KV
221In which of the following transformers part of primary winding also
serves as the
a) Current transformer
b) Step up transformer
c) Auto transformer
d) None of above
222Distribution transformer is protected by
a) Porcelain cutout fuses
b) Moulded circuit breaker
c) Drop out cutout fuses
d) None of above
223Which is the correct voltage to run a 5HP motor in WAPDA
a) 220/230 volts
b) 440 volts
c) 400 volts
d) None of above
224Current transformer is used for
a) As an instrument to enhance the current
b) As an instrument to reduce the current
c) None of above
225Which is the best conductor of electricity
a) Distilled water
b) Rain water
c) Sea water

226The frequency of domestic power supply in FESCO


a) 25 HZ
b) 60 HZ
c) 50HZ
227Skin effect exist only in case of
a) Low voltage DC overhead transmission line
b) High voltage DC overhead transmission line
c) Cable carrying DC Current
d) AC transmission
228In a 3-phase 4-wire distribution system the unbalanced load can
a) Over load system
b) Damage appliances
c) Damage transformers
229Corona loss in the transmission lines reduces with the increase in
a) Size of single conductor
b) No of conductors in one phase
230Identify the correct type of Tap change being used in FESCO
Transformer.
a) On-Load type
b) Automatic
c) Off load type
231Transistor can be tested with
a) Ohm meter
b) Volt meter
c) Ampere meter
232N-Type semi conductor material contains
a) Fixed positive donor ions
b) Fixed negative donor ions
c) Fixed negative acceptor ions
233Which of the following reduces losses in the system
a) Voltage regulator
b) Shunt regulator
234Which of following have high reactance having same length of line and
same size of conductor
a) Over head conductor
b) Cable
235A auto- re-closer is used on the feeder
a) To protect the line from theft
b) Re-closer after fault appearance
c) Disconnect the line after fault clearance
236A drop out cut out is used to protect the transformer from
a) High voltage
b) Lighting strokes
c) Over loading
237No load losses of transformer depends on the
a) Size of conductor of winding
b) Material of core
c) Type of insulating oil
238Failure of supply to area when power is available causes
a) Cooling of transformer

b) Reduction of load at Grid station


c) Loss of revenue
239Moving disc of the KWH meter is made of
a) Stainless steel
b) Steel
c) Aluminum
240Oil in transformer is used for
a) Dissipate heat generated
b) Help in transformer of high voltage to low voltage
c) Increase the weight of transformer to avoid theft
241Transformers are damaged due to mainly
a) Over loading
b) Un-balancing
c) Non installation of proper size fuses
d) Short circuiting of high capacity motors
242Transformer can be protected from over voltage by installing the
a) Fuses
b) Arcing horns
c) Insulators
d) Surge arrestors
243Highest transmission in Pakistan is
a) 1000KVDC
b) 1000KVAC
c) 500KVAC
d) 750KVAC
244For proper safety, before start of work on a line it should be proper
earthed
a) From Grid station /supply side only
b) Both sides of point of work
c) Not necessary to earth from either side PTW is sufficient to start work
245Which following motors is self start?
a) Synchronous motor
b) Squirrel cage induction motor
246When neutral of transformer is properly earthed the distribution
voltage
a) Fluctuates being uncontrolled
b) Do not fluctuate being controlled
247Which of the more suitable system for reliability of supply
a) Ring system
b) Radial
c) Both
248Which of the following equipment will automatically operate and
disconnect the supply in case of high current surge
a) Earth switch
b) Isolator
c) Circuit breaker
249Effective value of any sinusoidal voltage or current is
a) Times its maximum value
b) Times its maximum value
c) Times its maximum value

d) None of above
250The only difference between construction of DC Generator and AC
Generator
a) Carbon bushes
b) Coil
c) Commutator
d) Magnetic field
251When resistances are connected in parallel their equivalent resistance
is always
a) Greater than sum of individual resistance
b) Greater than the smallest resistance or combination
c) Equal to the sum of individual resistance
d) Less than the small resistance in combination
e) Equal to the largest resistance in the combination
252Eddys current losses in the transformer will be reduced if
a) Laminations are thick
b) Number of turns in the primary winding is reduced
c) Number of turns in secondary winding is reduced.
d) Lamination are thin
253Due to Ferranti effect in long transmission lines sending end voltage is
a) Greater than receiving end voltage
b) Less than receiving end voltage
c) Equal to receiving end voltage
d) Abnormally high current
254Electromagnetic waves transmit
a) Matter
b) Wave length
c) Energy
d) Charge
255Electric field is a vector quantity and its direction is
a) Perpendicular to the direction of field
b) Opposite to the direction of force
c) Along the direction of force
d) None of above
256When fault occurs on a line which one will shoot up
a) Voltage
b) Current
c) Impedance
d) None of these
257Best interrupting chamber of circuit breaker is that having
a) Oil
b) Air
c) Vacuum
d) SF6
258Basic unit of power is
a) KW
b) KWH
c) KVA
d) KVARH

259Oil in transformer is used for


a) Cooling
b) Insulation
c) Both
d) Lubrication
260The direction of propagation of an electromagnetic wave is
a) Perpendicular to electric field
b) Perpendicular to magnetic field
c) Parallel to electric field
d) Parallel to magnetic field
e) Perpendicular to both magnetic electric field
261For electroplating we use
a) DC Source
b) AC Source
c) Any other source
d) None of above
262Specially designed semi conductor diodes used as indicator in
electronic circuits are
a) Photo diodes
b) Solar cells
c) Light emitting diodes
d) Photo voltaic cell
e) Chemical cell
263Term transistor stands for
a) Transfer of current
b) Transfer of voltage
c) Transfer of resistance
d) Transfer of charge
264-

Whether statement is true or false.

A 100KVA Transformer sub station is provided three earths.

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4

The height of 220KV Tower is 70 feet.


Disconnection of one PT of meter has no effect on its secondary.
Transformer cores are made up of thin lamination to reduce eddy current

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losses.
Current transformers are used for protection only.
Transformers cores are made up of thin lamination to reduce eddy current

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losses
The minimum height of PC Spun Pole is 28 feet.
Hollow spun poles are used both for LT and HT Lines.
The current carrying capacity of 7/.064 cable is 140A.
WASP is an AAC Conductor.
The voltage drop/100 ft in a 2 core 7/0.52 cable is 7V.
Low distribution transformers are more economical than the conventional

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ones over their useful life span.


The permissible temperature rise for transformer oil is 50deg C
Load breaker switches are used for safety of the transformers.
Pin insulators are used for laying HT Lines.
In DC Transmission line skin effect will be Nil.
ACSR Rail conductor for 132KV Transmission line is 6.7 meters.
The transmission conductors are below the earth wires and lie within an

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angle of 30 deg on either side.


The average value of sine wave is 2
Over head lines are cheaper than under ground.
Resistance of conductor is inversely proportional to its cross section area.
The inductance of a transmission line decrease with increase in conductor

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spacing.
For any given number of watts at any given distance, the voltage drop
measured in volts on any given size of wire is always twice as greater on

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120 volts as it is on 240volts.


The percentage regulation of the transmission line is inversely

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proportional to the square of the voltage


Circuit breaker with SF6 gas has high reliability less maintenance.
The tapping in the transformers are always provided in the low voltage

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side.
A capacitors can store charge because it has electric between two

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conductors.
Max span length of 132KV Transmission line is 250 feet.
Isolator s are used to disconnect the circuit on load.
Corrosion is defined as the chemical reaction between acid, metal and

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water.
Impedance relay is preferred for the phase fault on short transmission

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line.
If the fault occurs near the impedance relay the voltage current ratio will

be lower that of if fault occurs away from the relay.


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The two transformers can be run paralleled even if they have different

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percentage impedance.
SF6 gas has more dielectric strength that of the oil.
Excess reactive power leads to over voltage.
20/26MVA Power transformer can be loaded upto 1300A.
Reactive power is measured with the help of VAR meter.
Corona helps in avoiding the effect of lightening of surges on the
transmission line.

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The surge impedance of the underground cable is more than the surge

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impedance of the overhead transmission line.


Demand factor is ratio of maximum demand to sanctioned load.
For power loss calculations, we should have single line diagram of

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distribution network.
500kv can be measure by electrostatic volt meter.
66kv is primary transmission voltage in Pakistan
Corona loss in the power line is more in winter season than summer

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season.
Distribution transformer is protected by fuses.
M.C.B is a protective equipment against open circuit.
Operating time of inverse time over current relay depends on the current
flowing through it.
The operating time of instantaneous over current relay increasewith the
magnitude of current.
Definite over current relay operates after a fixed time irrespective of
the current magnitude.
Phase to neutral output voltage of C.V.T is 110V.
Voltage across an closed C.B is equal to system voltage.
SF6 Gas has more dielectric strength then that of the oil.
Vacuum C.B is not a maintenance free device.
Air blast C.B is a high speed C.B.
Transformer mineral oil is also used in oil Circuit Breaker.
More power can be transformed through an auto transformer than
conventional transformer of same size.
Tertiary winding is a 3rd winding of power transformer which may be
used to provide auxiliary supply.
Circulating current between two transformers connected in parallel is
given by
Ic= V1 + V2/%Z1+Z2
% Impedance is not equal to % impedance voltage of a transformer.
Cupper losses of a transformer depends upon load.
Transformer of vector group Yd11 can be connected in parallel with an
other transformer of vector group Dy II.

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A transformer should never be connected to a DC source.


In a step up transformer secondary turns are less than primary turns.
Transposition of transmission line is done to reduce line losses.
Sheathing in underground cable is done to guard against mechanical
injury.
Pin type insulators are normally not used for voltage exceeding 33KV.
Preferred distribution system is 3phase 3 wire.
Main reason for using high voltage for long distance power transmission
is reduction in time of transmission.
Function of steel wire in ASCR conductor is to reduce induction.
AC Transmission is better than DC transmission because of less insulation
problem.
The DC series motor if operated on AC will start.
The diversity factor is always than one.
Potential transformers are used only for protection of electrical
equipment.
Voltage at the terminals of a station battery remains same irrespective of
the current drawn.
Auto transformer is that which works automatically.
500KV Terbella-Ghatti is a secondary transmission line.
CP21-C is MDI Connection list.
Reactive load of synchronous generator is restricted to avoid power swing
When generator is over excited it absorb MVARS from the system.
Differential relay of a generator is to guard against unbalanced phase
current.
Over speed of turbo generator operates at 10% of turbine normal speed.
Loss of excitation may cause a generator to run as induction motor.
The most important factory for a turbo generator are tests on complete
rotor.
The electric generator, more poles and less speed produce same
frequency.
Generators are allowed for a frequency variation of 10%.
The conductivity of cadmium copper is more than aluminum.
Galvanized steel is better conductor than aluminum.
Transformer core is made up of thin lamination to reduce eddy current
loss only.
Horse power is the unit of mechanical power.
A buchholz relay operates on the principle of electro magnetic induction.
Lightening arrestor is used before the switchgear.
An isolator operates under fault condition.
30KV is required to break 1cm air gap.
Basic impulse level standard for 11kv insulation is 95KV for 1.5MS.
Lightening arrestor is a device which protects transformer against
excessive current.
Fault level always flow toward its source.
Power system is a set of interacting components like generation,
transmission and distribution system.

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Isolator is off load device.


Fuse is a complicated current interrupting device.
Arcing is one of the factors which is undesired for an earthing system.
Loose connections pay a major role in the failure of an earthing system.
Pure and refined diluted nitric acid is used as an electrolyte in lead acid
cells of a battery.
A battery consist of one or more cells connected in series or parallel
depending on the desired output voltage or capacity.
If the primary turns of power transformer are decreased, the secondary
voltage will also decrease.
If the change in voltage in infrequent, the off load tap changer is used.
Ratio error of a C.T depends upon quality of core.
Impedance connected to a C.T is called burden of C.T.
When current passing through the primary of C.T its secondary should be
kept open.
Total VA value cab be increased above the capacity of C.T.
Composite error is basically a ratio error.
Accuracy class for protection core C.T is normally given as 5P20.
The cause of C.T saturation is fault current only.
Over current relays are used for 11KV Feeders protection only.
Differential protection provides the best protection against internal fault.
In over current earth fault scheme type, CDG over current relay on yellow
phase is absent.
Secondary batteries are generally called storage batteries.
Charging of a battery is a process of putting energy into battery.
Plates of lead acid battery is made of pure lead.
Pure and refined concentrated sulphuric acid is used as electrolyte in lead
acid cell.
The material used for separate is PVC.
NICKLE iron storage battery is alkine type battery.
The specific gravity of the electrolyte changes as the battery charges or
discharge.
The voltage of each cell of storage battery is approximately 1.5V.
Level of electrolyte of storage batteries at grid station checked weekly.
Cell voltage and electrolyte specific gravity is checked six monthly.
The container for NICKLE-CADMUIM storage batteries are made and of
thin nickel-plated steel.
The oil and winding temperature of power transformer should be checked
daily.
Calcium chloride is normally used in the breather of transformer.
Iron losses of a transformer depends upon load.
%impedance is not equal to %age impedance voltage of a transformer.
For 11KV and 33KV lines size of structure and conductors are different.
The standard assemblies are required to be followed in all areas of supply
covered by WAPDA.
Function of semi conducting material in the construction of high voltage
cable is to control the electrostatic field.

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Cable jacket serves as a drain to ground for charging currents or fault


currents.
The standard strain insulators are used for light angles and L.T dead ends
for WASP Conductors.
Sensitivity is a ratio of the change in the output of an instruments to the
corresponding change in input.
Watt meter is a basically electro-dynamic instruments.
A resistance of low value is connected in series with the potential coil of
wattmeter.
An energy meter obeys electromagnetic principle.
Moving iron instruments are highly accurate.
A 3p 4w direct energy meter can be installed on the connection given at
11KV.
The rated voltage of secondary side of PT is 220V.
The rated current of secondary side of C.T is 5A.
Capacitors of a circuit plays important role in long transmission line.
Silica gel is used to absorb moisture.
Battery is the life of grid station.
The unit of capacity of battery is Ampere-Hours.
In three phase 4 wire system unbalance current will flow through neutral.
A transformer draws no current when its secondary is open.
Reactors are mainly used at EHV.
There is interlocking between 132KV Isolator and its Circuit breaker.
CDG -21 is a relay distance.
Impedance is directly proportional to length of
Tariff-H is used for Residential colonies of industries.
Bank capacitors are used for improvement of power factor of the system.
Form CP-01 is the register of application& agreement forms.
Radial feeders are not originating from its sources of supply and ending at
the consumers.
Relay is device that does not respond to variations I the conditions in an
electrical circuit to affect the operation of the other s devices in the same
or in another electric circuit.
Fuse is an over voltage protective devices.
500KV Tarbella circuit is secondary transmission line.
Fuses, circuit breaker and lightening arrestors are some of the protection
equipments.
H-Class insulating materials have temperature limit more than 150C
Bronze is an alloy of copper and zinc.
Rewire-able fuse can pass up to 10 times of their rated current for a short
time without blowing.
Potentiometer is a comparison instrument.
In circuit breaker liquid insulating materials are used to extinguish arc
between the contacts.
Fluctuating sped of diesel electric plans can be reduced by the used of
flywheel having low moment inertia.
The effect of water hammer is reduced by using an anvil.

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The heat equivalent of 1KG of atomic fuel is equal to heat produced by


approximately 3500 tonnes of coal.
The transformer connections at sending end of the transmission line are
usually star-delta.
Prime movers for water turbines are reaction turbines for medium and
high heads.
The overall efficiency of thermal plants is low due to low efficiency of
steam turbine and condenser.
Peak load plants are designed to supply power at high capital cost and
low operating cost.
The rotor used in alternator of hydro electric station is a salient pole rotor.
In steam power plants, induced draught fan is used to create draught in
the boiler.
In computer, RAM is a memory device used for storage of variable
quantities.
Battery can supply AC Voltage.
Solar cell generate DC Power.
Small hydro power station has low head.
In steam turbine, gas is directly fired o the blades.
Sodium chloride is used in the batteries for increasing ampere hours.
Steam turbines are used in the aeroplane engine.
Fan is an induction motor.
Equaviant size aluminum conductor carries more currents as compared to
copper conductor.
Hydel turbines movers faster than Gas turbines.
Lightening arrestors and surge arrestors are two different equipment.
The capacitors are mini generators.
In insulators matellic process is used for
In hydel power stations generators are installed on the top of turbine.
In transformer, HT and LT windings are electrically connected.
Surge generator produce high voltage.
Harmonics are current and voltage of high frequencies
Rectifiers coverts the DC power into AC power.
Energy meters are energy measuring device.
Current flow in the outer cover of conductor.
Super conductor is very high resistive conductor.
Power cables are used to transmit the Audio frequency signals
Whether 3-Phase system available in DC Supply.
Solid state energy meter measures the voltage and current directly.
3-Phase solid static energy meters works only on 3-Phase supply.
Relays can be used for the measurement of voltage and current.
Static meters have very high moving disc.
Over current relays are used for power transformers, generators,
transmission lines and feeder protection switches.
Impedance relays are suggested to protect high voltage primary and
secondary transmission lines.
Fuse is simplest current interrupting device for protection from excessive

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voltage.
Lightening arrestor is a device which protect transformer against
excessive current.
The power transformer is fitted with a tap changer on HV winding due to
lower current.
It is not necessary to match phase sequence and impedance for parallel
operation of transformer
Power house and transmission lines are connected through step down
transformer.
The inductance of a transmission line decrease with increase in the
conductor spacing.
An energy meter of accuracy class 1 is more accurate than one of
accuracy class 0.5.
Generator supplies both active and reactive power to the load.
Radial system greatly ensures availability of power to the consumers.
Transformer magnetic core is made of silicon steel.
Power factor and power demand factor are same.
Double supply system ( Ring system ) ensure economy.
Reactive power is directly proportional to the current.
Stability of power system is decreased when protective relay trips the
relevant circuit breakers on fault.
KVA Rating is a criteria for distinguishing between a power transformer
and distribution transformer.
It is possible to change the taps of a distribution transformer on load.
It is not necessary to match phase sequence and impedance for parallel
operation of the transformer.
Transformer oil having 20KV dielectric strength is safe to be used in
transformer.
On load tap changes of power transformer automatically regulates
voltage.
Alternating current flows uniformly through out the section of the
conductor.
Surge arrestors are used in power system to limit the over voltages.
Auto transformer is a single winding transformer.
Under frequency is a result of generator over speed due to sudden loss of
load.
In a balanced 3-phase system the voltage and current in each phases are
equal and 120 deg displaced with respect to each other.
Mutual induction between two coupled coils depends only upon size of the
conductor.
A capacitor consist of two insulators separated by a dielectric.
A bus bar is rated only at its current carrying capacity and none else.
A distribution transformer can deliver higher than its rated power
provided temperature of its windings and oil also kept higher.
Power factor of synchronous motor is controlled by varying the phase

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angle.
Microwaves are also kind of electromagnetic waves.
Transmission voltage is always lower than the generation voltage.
RL circuit always have more than 1 power factor.
Transmission lines are transposed to balance the capacitance effect.
Protection system in the Grid station works on AC.
There is no skin effect in DC transmission lines.
The process of mixing impurity with semi conductor is called doping.
Operational amplifier is used in power amplifier.
Wave trap is used in power line carrier.
Reactive power is directly proportional to the current.
RL circuit always have more than 1 power factor.
A bus bar is rated only at its current carrying capacity only.
Power factor is Sin(90-) if is angle between current and voltage.
At the occurrence of a fault on a line, isolator trips and cuts the faulty
section immediately.
In a distribution transformer copper conductor of low tension winding is
thin and of high tension winding is thick.
Major component of energy losses in a distribution system is transmission
losses.
The current transformer can also be used to measure high DC Current.
The current in the primary of the potential transformer is determined by
the load in the primary.
The phase angle error of current transformer is of no impedance if it is
feeding an ammeter.
A capacitor can store the charge because it has dielectric between two
conductors.
The transmission of power by overheads lines is much costlier than the
underground cables transmission.
Any electric conductor acts as antenna for the reception of
electromagnetic radiations in the radio frequency range.
The impedance relay can be used for earth faults and phase to phase
faults.
It is not necessary to match phase sequence and impedance for parallel
operation of the transformers
Sound can pass through vacuum.
Ionosphere is that part of atmosphere which makes long distance radio
transmission is possible.
Echo is reflection o light.
Current coil in the energy meter is of high resistance.
Potential coil is in the KWH Meter is always in series with the load.
Shunt capacitor is connected in series with the line.
A KWH meter records reactive energy.
A transformer is moving machine which converts high voltage to low
voltage.
Core of transformer is made of copper .
Star point of distribution transformer winding cannot be connecting with

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earth because if so it catches fire.


Voltage regulators are used in distribution system to increase the current
in the system.
The shunt capacitors increase thermal loading of the line.
Diversity factor is inversely proportional to the coincidence factor.
Frequency is controlled at Grid station.
Copper sheet of high tension cables are not earthed from both sides but
only from one side.
In modern gapless zinc oxide surge arrester, the leakage current is of the
order of a couple of ampere only.
132KV Capacitor bank are connected at the grid station to help reduce
losses in the distribution system.
The leakage of SF6 Gas can be detected by smelling.
Under frequency is a result of a generator over speed due to sudden loss
of load.
Load flow studies also help determine short circuit levels at various buses
of the system.
Overall capital cost of the transmission line decreases with the increase of
the transmission voltage.
On the lightly loaded EHV transmission line, the receiving end voltage will
be more than the sending end voltage.
The operation of a distance relay is governed by voltage of circuit only.
The breaking capacity of a electrical breaker circuit breaker is same as
the making capacity.
Load on power system is reduced if the voltage is reduced.
The protective core of instrument transformer is more accurate than the
measuring core.
500KV Transmission line is a generator of reactive power.
High voltage cable have very high capacitive reactance.
CTs must be always be in saturated mode for accurate measurement.
An electronic meter of class 0.2 is more accurate than a meter class 0.1.

The distance of fault on transmission line is indicated


by----------------------------The fault on transmission line is sensed and cleared

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by----------------------------GIS Stands for -----------------------VCB Stands for-----------------------SF6 gas has a density------------------------ times heavier than air.
Air blast circuit breakers are used on extra high voltage of
------------------------ and -------------Short transmission line range between ------------------------KM to
------------------------KM
An electric battery is a device for producing an emf by-----------------------means.
A circuit breaker should be capable to carry rated current
without------------------------rise.
A transformer that lowers or steps down voltage only is called a
-----------------------SF6 Circuit breaker is ------------------------ cost breaker.
Earthing mesh in grid station provides earth connection for the insulation
gradient according to the ------------------------ steps.
Lightening arrestors is a device which protects transformers against
excessive--------------------Station batteries have a ------------------------ function.
Batteries are designed by the nominal capacity in -----------------------The two chemical ------------------------ and ------------------------ are used to
remove the moisture from the air entering in the transformer.
Frequency relays operates under low ------------------------condition.
Air circuit breaker preceded the ------------------------breaker in grid station.
Dampers are installed near ------------------------ on transmission lines.
Mesh grounding in primarily employed at ------------------------.
Area planning refers to ------------------------ of any LD System
The fault within the power transformer is cleared by ----------------------------The highest system voltage in Pakistan is ----------------------------In three phase star connected system line voltage is--------------------- times
the phase voltage.
Circuit breaker is ----------------------------Load breaker switch interrupts ----------------------------- current.
Interlocking is provided between ----------------------------- and
----------------------------Three types of isolators1------------------------ 2-----------------------------3-----------------------------Name of three busbar schemes1---------------------2--------------------3----------------------Three arc quenching media 1--------------------------2--------------------3-----------------------------The frequency of occurrence of three phase fault------------------than that of
line to line fault.
A three phase dead short circuit is ---------------------- severe than a line to
ground short fault.
------------------- is used in oil circuit breaker.

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Arcing contacts of circuits breakers are normally made of ---------------------SF6 is very color less and chemically ---------------------- gas.
One of the advantages of high voltage DC transmission is that there is no
------------------effect.
The voltage of a battery cell depends on _______________
The current of battery cell depends on _______________
Buchholz relay is used for the protection of ---------------------Transformer is used to ---------------------- the voltage.
The division of external load between transformer connected in parallel is
___________ proportional to the ohmic impedance.
Percentage impedance voltages should not differ more than ________ in
parallel operating transformer.
Fan/pumps installed on power transformer should be checked ____________
Buchholz relay detect ____________________ fault in the transformer.
Dielectric strength of transformer oil is ________ with a gap of 2.5mm
between two electrode.
It is recommended that _____________ hourly readings for load and voltage
should be recorded for power transformer.
The principle of operation of a transformer is based upon ---------------------induction.
A transformer is supplying pure resistive load. Power factor on primary side
will be ------------Cross arms are made of _________, ______________ and ______________.
The ______________ poles are cheapest type of pole but transportation is
difficulty and ______________ pole are not commonly used.
Mid span joint of conductors of different type of materials are
______________ made because of the differences in sag and tension of
conductors.
In aluminum to copper joints, copper conductor must be placed
______________ the aluminum conductor when ever joint is made.
Distribution transformer has got maximum efficiency
around----------------------load.
In bolted connectors, grooves are provided to give better ___________ and
resistance to ___________
11KV Double X-Arm assembly is used for medium angles and ___________
The tap changers of distribution transformer has the range of ___________
in steps of ___________
Efficiency of the transformer will be maximum at ---------------------- power
factor.
The voltage of the battery is ---------------------- when cells are connected in
series.
The current capacity of the battery is increased when cells are connected
in ---------------------Extra high voltage level in WAPDA transmission system consist of
----------------------KV AND ---------------------KV.
The material used in core of the distribution transformer is ----------------------

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The transformer oil must be ---------------------- from moisture.


Power factor of induction furnace is required to be ---------------------- by
DISCOs/WAPDA.
Sectionalizes are used on 11KV feeders to ------------------ faulty portion in
case of problem.
Permissible 11KV Distribution limits are maximum -----------volts and
minimum ----------- volts.
The standard dimension of wooden cross arm used on 11KV Lines are
length _______ breadth _______ and thickness _______
Poles guys are used to keep poles in _______ _______
Voltage test on L.T cable is performed at _______KV (AC) for _______
minutes.
Length of lattice steel structure used on H.T Line is _______ _______
Impulse with stand voltage of 11KV Disc insulator _______
The standard dead end clamps are _______ type and are made of _______
high strength corrosion resistance _______alloy%
Active power is in _______ with voltage.
In our system feeders are delta connected to reduce---------------------500/220kv Grid station is a ________________
A Two pole generator having speed of 1500rpm will generate emf at
___________hz.
No of taps in our distribution transformers are ---------------------The operating principle of conventional energy meter is ---------------------Load factor is ratio of ---------------------- to ---------------------Dampers are installed near the ---------------------- on transmission line to
------------------------Mesh grounding is primarily at -------------------------------------------The maximum load on a power transformer is limited by ---------------------Power transformers have maximum efficiency at ----------------------%load by
design.
Arc quenching medium in case of vacuum circuit breaker is
---------------------Dielectric strength of air is ---------------------% impedance of distribution transformer in our system should not exceed
___________%
Capacitors are used for ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________
The earth resistance for 11KV System should not exceed ___________ ohm.
Harmonics in distribution system are produced due to ___________
___________
Increase in conductor diameter would result in ___________%
The power factor for CFL should not be lesser than _______
EPROM in static energy meters is used for ___________ ___________
The short time fault current of a distribution system is ___________
___________
Data on static energy meters used by DISCOs ___________ be re-set.
Bundling of transmission line conductor is done to ___________ ___________

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ZM1 Towers are used for installation of _______ ___________ T/Lines.


The maximum capacity of Auto Transformers used in our system is
___________MVA.
The permissible factor for maximum length of Lay for a 4 Core control
cable is _______
Differential protection relay is used for the protection of ___________ ___
The corona loss can be reduced by rounding off the ___________ ___________
Load loss factor is equal to ___________ ___________ of load factor.
Gravel is spread in the switchyard for control of ___________
Spacer dampers are used for damping ___________ in the conductor string
& for ___________ the spacing of conductors.
The shunt reactors on long transmission lines are used to control the over
voltage due _____
Measurement of Tan Delta is ___________ ___________ for transformer oil.
Over speed of turbo generator is caused due to ___________
400MVA Generator at 0.85 pf will generate ___________MW.
Detection bills are charged because of _______________
SDO is required to check _____________ no of general
connections_____________ no of industrial connection_____________ no of
tubewell connections in a month.
What is the recommended earth resistance of 132KV Grid Stations is
_____________
The earth resistance of generating station is _____________
The un-earthed transformer results in _____________
Gravels are used in the grid station for _____________
Control cables are used in the Grid Station for _____________
There is partial discharge in
_____________
The equivalent area of 7/0.052 cable is _____________
Relays and control panels are installed at _____________
The earth resistance in the Grid station is reduced lying
by_________________
The main cause of frequent trippings at grid station now a days are due to
____________
The sag of conductor is _________________
Wave traps are used for_________________
Harmonics generates _________________ in the system,
Surges in the system are produced due to _________________
Disturbance recorder record the _________________
Shunt reactors are used in _________________
CCVT are used for _________________
KVARH meters measure the _________________
Meter which measures and indicates the KWH, KVARH, KW Power factor
and different time demand is called the _________________
______________ of all types are analogous to capacitance insertion in a line.
Measurement of ______________ and turn ratio can depict a picture of

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healthy and damaged state of a transformer.


Power factor of synchronous motor is controlled by
____________________________
Boiling point of water is______________
______________ of conductor increase when its temperature is increased
0.004 is equal to ______________
Gega watt hours are equal to ____________________________
______________ of transformer is subjected to maximum heating.
In a three phase system, the phases are displaced at an angle of
______________
Capacitors are used for____________________________
An electric motor in which both rotor and stator fields rotate with same
speed is called______________
A ______________ is a machine which converts mechanical energy into an
electrical energy.
In transmission , ring______________ is more stable and flexible than radial
system
100% loading capacity of 20/26MVA, 132KV/11.5KV Power transformer is
___________Amp.
55No cell, 110V DC battery have standard specific gravity ______________
and ______________ volts per cell.
Output of the TRIAC is______________
Protection system in the Grid Station works on ______________
Losses are minimum when power factor is -____________
Load factor varies between -____________-____________-________________________
Metal used in acid battery is -____________-____________
During electric shock it is the ____________ that causes death of living thing
In transformer copper losses at half load as compared to that at full load
will be ________
Technical losses are ____________ proportional to cross section area of
conductor.
Coincidence factor is____________ then one
Diversity factor x maximum demand is ____________
If voltage of a transmission line is raised by n times, size of conductor shall
decreased by____________
The insulating material most commonly used for power cable is
____________
Farrenti effect on long overhead line is experienced when it is ____________
Due to fluctuating welding load flickering in distribution system can be
corrected by installing ____________
The normal distribution AC supply (phase to earth) voltage in Pakistan is
____________
The PLC in telecommunication stand s for ________________________
It is necessary to ____________ capacitors while isolating from the system
for maintenance.
Thermal power houses should be constructed near ____________

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Speed of a synchronous motor depends upon________________________


Generators usually operated at ____________ power factor.
Transposition of line is required to ________________________
PG connectors are used for jointing of ____________
A step up transformer is used to increase ________________________
Resistance of an earthing should be kept ________________________
Dielectric constant for vacuum is ________________________
Silicon steel sheets are used in ________________________
Cos is called ____________ if is phase angle between voltage and current
vector in AC System.
____________ is unit for measurement of active power
During earthing process, earth resistance ____________ by increasing
number of electrodes(earth rods).
Insulation resistance and earth resistance of an electrical equipment are
____________ to each other.
Current in neutral will be ____________ amp in a 3-phase 4-wire balanced
system.
The combined effect of resistance and reactance is called ____________
Electrical potential is work done in bringing a unit positive charge from
____________ to the point of reference.
____________ maximum electrical potential gradient (kv/mm) which a
dielectric material can withstand under a given test conditions.
In a power system, KVA demand can be reduced by ____________ power
factor.
In hydro turbine water is directed to flow through ____________ into turbines
located at a lower head.
____________ turbines are used for very high head of waters.
The resistance of conductor ____________ if temperature is increase.
____________ is ionization of air surrounding a high voltage conductor which
results into audible, violet visible and intermittent discharge.
To reduce____________ effect more than (one bundled) conductors are used
on one phase.
Voltage at receiving end of a transmission line is ____________ proportional
to load on line.
Surge impedance of a transmission line will be ____________ if inductance
(L) of line is 2 henry per meter per phase and phase to neutral (earth)
capacitance of line is 3 farads per meter.
The distance between two conducting parts along with surface of an
insulating material is called ____________
____________ are added in a power system to compensate the KVARs being
absorbed by inductance of system.
Micro waves has high and short ________________________
LASER is stand for
Hi-Fi stands for________________________
The instrument used in measuring the intensity of earth quakes is
called____________
Torque is produced due to ____________ interaction produce in current and

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potential coil of energy meter which moves the disc.


Phase voltage and line voltage are ____________ in the 3phase delta
connection.
The frequency of occurrence of three phase fault is -______________than that
of line to line fault.
A three phase phase dead dead short circuit is _____________ severe than a
line to ground short circuit.
_____________ is used in oil circuit breaker.
Arcing contact of circuit breakers are normally made of _____________ alloy.
SF6 is a heavy colorless and chemically _____________ gas.
One of the advantages of high voltage DC Transmission is that there is no
__________ effect.
Buchholz relay is used for the protection of _____________
Transformer is used to _____________ the voltage.
The principle of operation of a transformer is based upon _____________
induction.
Transformer operates on _____________ only.
Sludge in transformer oil __________________________ the cooling capacity.
Phase relationship between primary and secondary voltages of a power
transformer is _____________
A transformer is supplying pure resistive load. Power factor on primary side
will be about_____________
Distribution transformer has got maximum efficiency around _____________
load.
Efficiency of the transformer will be maximum at _____________ power
factor.

NTDC Stands for ---------------------MCM Stands for ---------------------RMS Stands for -------------------------------------------AMR Stands for -------------------------------------------Lynx is an ---------------------- conductor.
Ampacity of Lynx is---------------------CDG Relay stands for---------------------HRC Fuse stands for ----------------------------MDI is the abbreviation of ---------------------FPA Stands for -------------------------------------------TOD Stands for -------------------------------------------UVLS Stands for -------------------------------------------SCADA Stands for-------------------------------------------AMI Stands for ___________ ___________
HHU Stands for ___________ ___________
SAIDI Stands for ___________ ___________

SAIFI Stands for ___________ ___________


RF Stands for ___________ ___________
IR Stands for ___________ ___________
CFL Stands for ___________ ___________
IEC Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
Bus coupler bay is used in ___________ ___________
BIL Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
OLTC Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
HV&SC Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
CCVT Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
CP Stands for ___________ ___________ and RP Stands for ___________ ______
SAP Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
ELR Stands for ___________ _________ ___________
FRO Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
TOU Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
FRO Stands for ___________
ERP Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
KVARH Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
PF Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
LDC Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
SOP Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
PTW Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
AVR Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
ACR Stands for ___________
SR Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
AAC Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
ACSR Stands for ___________ ___________ ___________
PVC Stands for ___________
CP Stands for ___________