83 views

Uploaded by abhinav

Practice questions in image processing

- Image Segmentation
- A Survey on Text Segmentation Methods for Digital Images
- IJETTCS-2016-03-21-26
- Random Testing to New Limits
- Automatic Detection and Severity Analysis of Brain Tumors Using Gui in Matlab
- Fungus Diseases Detection Using Image Processing
- Mining sparse and big data by case-based reasoning.pdf
- Me 1 Introduction
- An-Introduction-to-Digital-Image-Processing-with-Matlab-Notes-for-SCM2511-Image-Processing.pdf
- IEEE_04587465
- El Uso de Aceleraciones Verticales y Horizontales de Una Boya Flotante Para La Determinación de Espectros de Ondas Direccionales
- Impact of Multiresolution Segmentation Technique on Future Extraction in Object Based Classification
- 1
- Image Segmentation via MCMC
- Detection of Sickle Cell Anemia and Thalassemia Using Image Processing Techniques
- MA1254 Random Processes :: Unit 5 :: Correlation & Spectral Densities
- New Insights in the Analysis of the Structural Response to Response-spectrum-compatible Accelerograms 2014_P.caccIOLA
- Roman N. Tolchenov et al- Water line parameters for weak lines in the range 9000–12 700 cm^-1
- Micropropagation of Myrmecodia Tuberosa Jacka Medicinal Plant From Borneo
- Improved VEDA and Unwanted Edge Removal approaches for License Plate Detection

You are on page 1of 4

DESIGN & MANUFACTURING, JABALPUR

EC611 Image Processing

End Sem November 29, 2013

MM: 100

Note: Write answers to all the parts of a question in continuation.

Time: 3 hours

(a). Log transformation maps ___________ into a __________________.

(b). Power-law curves with ____________ map a narrow range of dark input values into

a wider range of output values.

(c). Higher order bit planes of an image carry __________________________________.

(d). ___________ foreground pixels is equivalent to _________ the background pixels.

(e). Second order derivatives have a stronger response to _________________________.

(f). Image enhancement at any point in an image depends only on the gray level at

that point is referred as _____________.

(g). The __________ fills small holes & cracks and adds layers to objects in a binary

image.

(h). Curvature of a boundary is invariant to _____________.

(i). ______________ must be done prior to the use of derivatives in noisy images.

(j). The language of morphology is __________.

2. [5 x 1 = 5 marks] What do you understand by:

(a). Contrast stretching

(b). Blind spot

(c). Eccentricity

(d). Zero-crossing

(e). Safe RGB colors

3. [5 x 1 = 5 marks]

(a). Find the number of bits required to store 256 x 256 image with 32 gray levels.

(b). How many different shades of gray are there in a color RGB system in which

each RGB image is an 8-bit image?

(c). List some hardware oriented color models.

(d). When you enter a dark theater on a bright day, it takes an appreciable interval

of time before you can see well enough to find an empty seat. Which of the

visual process plays role in this situation?

(e). What is maximum filter?

4. [5 x 2 = 10 marks]

(a). The 8-directional chain code of an object is given as 788770312. What is the

object perimeter?

in frequency domain?

(c). Write the properties of cosine transform.

(d). What is Hue and saturation?

(e). With reference to the following figure, sketch the set (AB) U (A U B)c).

5. [4 x 5 = 20 marks]

(a). Suppose we apply lowpass filtering on an image with a Gaussian lowpass filter

and then highpass filtering the result with a Gaussian highpass filter. Do you think

the result would have been different if the order of the filtering process had been

reversed?

(b). Give expressions for the sets shown shaded in the following figure:

(d). In a simple RGB image, the R, G, and B component images have the horizontal

intensity profiles shown in the following diagram. What color would a person see

in the middle column of this image?

6. [7 x 5 = 35 marks]

(a). What effect would setting to zero the lower-order bit planes have on the

histogram of an image in general?

(b). Find an expression for the signature of a rectangle boundary and plot this

signature.

(c). What is Quadtree? How can you use the quadtree for segmentation? Discuss

how the gray level variance can be used to test the homogeneity in an image.

(d). Opening never results in identical reconstruction of the objects to which it is

applied. Comment.

(e). Consider the image segment shown:

3

1(q)

(p) 1

Let V = {0, 1} and compute the lengths of the shortest 4-, 8-, and m-path

between p and q. If a particular path does not exist between these two points,

explain why.

(f). Suppose you have been given two Fourier spectra of the same image. One is

obtained corresponding to the original image, and the other one is obtained

after the image was padded with zeros. How these two spectra would differ to

each-other.

(g). Consider a basic approach to approximate a discrete derivative in the form of

difference in x and y directions;

i.e. g(x, y) = f (x, y) - f (x + 1, y) + f (x, y) - f (x, y + 1).

Obtain the filter transfer function, H (u, v), for performing the equivalent process

in frequency domain.

7. [7 marks]

Consider a simple 4 x 8, 8-bit image:

21 21 21 95 169 243 243 243

21 21 21 95 169 243 243 243

21 21 21 95 169 243 243 243

21 21 21 95 169 243 243 243

21 21 21 95 169 243 243 243

21 21 21 95 169 243 243 243

21 21 21 95 169 243 243 243

21 21 21 95 169 243 243 243

(a). Compress the image using Huffman coding.

(b). Compute the compression achieved and the effectiveness of the Huffman

coding.

8. [8 marks]

The implementation of linear spatial filters requires moving the center of a mask

throughout an image and, at each location, computing the sum of products of the

mask coefficients with the corresponding pixels at that location. In case of lowpass

filtering, all coefficients are 1, allowing use of a so-called box-filter algorithm which

consists of updating only the part of the computation that changes from one

location to the next.

(a). Formulate an efficient strategy for an n x n filter, showing the nature of the

computation involved and the scanning sequence used for moving the mask

around the image.

(b). The ratio of the number of computations performed by a brute-force

implementation to the number of computations performed by the box-filter

algorithm is called the computational advantage. Obtain the computational

advantage in this case and plot it as a function of n for n > 1.

Assume that the image has an outer border of zeros that is thick enough to allow you

to ignore border effects in your analysis.

- Image SegmentationUploaded bymanikmathi
- A Survey on Text Segmentation Methods for Digital ImagesUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- IJETTCS-2016-03-21-26Uploaded byAnonymous vQrJlEN
- Random Testing to New LimitsUploaded byjose492432
- Automatic Detection and Severity Analysis of Brain Tumors Using Gui in MatlabUploaded byesatjournals
- Fungus Diseases Detection Using Image ProcessingUploaded byAnonymous 1aqlkZ
- Mining sparse and big data by case-based reasoning.pdfUploaded bymim16
- Me 1 IntroductionUploaded bydharsana89
- An-Introduction-to-Digital-Image-Processing-with-Matlab-Notes-for-SCM2511-Image-Processing.pdfUploaded bylesocrate
- IEEE_04587465Uploaded byelahe92
- El Uso de Aceleraciones Verticales y Horizontales de Una Boya Flotante Para La Determinación de Espectros de Ondas DireccionalesUploaded byAriel Andres Gallardo Yañez
- Impact of Multiresolution Segmentation Technique on Future Extraction in Object Based ClassificationUploaded byeditor3854
- 1Uploaded byanasunisla
- Image Segmentation via MCMCUploaded byUğur Şevik
- Detection of Sickle Cell Anemia and Thalassemia Using Image Processing TechniquesUploaded byInternational Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology
- MA1254 Random Processes :: Unit 5 :: Correlation & Spectral DensitiesUploaded byjeyaganesh
- New Insights in the Analysis of the Structural Response to Response-spectrum-compatible Accelerograms 2014_P.caccIOLAUploaded byJack
- Roman N. Tolchenov et al- Water line parameters for weak lines in the range 9000–12 700 cm^-1Uploaded byKmaxx2
- Micropropagation of Myrmecodia Tuberosa Jacka Medicinal Plant From BorneoUploaded byIJSTR Research Publication
- Improved VEDA and Unwanted Edge Removal approaches for License Plate DetectionUploaded byseventhsensegroup
- Alberto.DissertationUploaded byapi-3769727
- TMCE08 Ind Env Rev EngUploaded byAnonymous zwSP5gv
- Generation and Recording of a 2d Random WaveUploaded bypraveench1888
- Glossary of Terms-DLIUploaded bymantegh
- Transcriptomics Notes 4Uploaded byAnand Bambhania
- Gravity and Magnetics for Hydrocarbon AnUploaded bytiyautari
- AAPM-TG116-Report2009-07Uploaded byYuda Fhunkshyang
- A 1Uploaded byAnirban Bhattacharjee
- M21SW Scientific DocUploaded byRizki Ersa Heryana
- CSC108_TT1EV_2010FUploaded byexamkiller

- Envelope BearingUploaded byManel Montesinos
- Signal Modeling Techniques in Speech RecognitionUploaded byjehosha
- BROAD PHONEME CLASSIFICATION USING SIGNAL BASED FEATURESUploaded byijsc
- NoiseUploaded byMichael Ross
- Coherent Sampling vs Window SamplingUploaded byGogo Josep
- Global Scaling TheoryUploaded byDeepak Gore
- Klipsh Loudspeaker Nonlinearities–Causes Parameters Symptoms 06Uploaded byjer31
- DDS Tutorial Rev12!2!99Uploaded bymadhu_g
- PI100 Engineering Data SheetUploaded byD.j. Potts
- Effect of Criteria on Seakeeping Performance AssessmentUploaded byjarbas.otoni
- dipUploaded byramyaraki
- Understanding and Characterizing Timing Jitter 55W 16146 6Uploaded byjsalvagaia
- Technical Manual for Strata PeerUploaded byDemçe Florjan
- FUNDAMENTALS OF ACOUSTICSUploaded byYean Ghing Tong
- Simulation of Fault Diagnosis of Induction Motor Based on Spectral Analysis of Stator Current Signal Using Fast Fourier TransformUploaded byMuhammadZaydArattKhan
- Machine Fault Signature AnalysisUploaded byKotha Mahipal
- HSoMUploaded byaivuk
- HP-DSA Aplication Note 243-1Uploaded byAndres Felipe Loaiza Patiño
- Peak Purity 2Uploaded byMohit Goyal
- 2 Brief Review of Motor Current Signature AnalysisUploaded bynmulyono
- Homework Fluffy Dog Swallowed a MarbleUploaded byAlvaro Ramirez
- Denoising Audio Signals using MATLABUploaded byDeepak Chandran
- 1508.02292Uploaded byJustine Paolo
- C6-Discrete Time Fourier (DFT) and Fast Fourier Transform (FFT)Uploaded byTruongNguyenMinhTrung
- Cyclostationarity - Half a Century of ResearchUploaded byFrancisco Paisana
- experiment_1_spectrum_analyzer.pdfUploaded byEdson Aguilar
- lec6_wavespectraUploaded byMekchu Tran
- Paper-4_Simulation and Analysis of Spread Spectrum Techniques Using MATLABUploaded byRachel Wheeler
- Carreiras Out-Of-synchrony Speech Entrainment in Developmental DyslexiaInPr (1)Uploaded bytulipsalad
- CS322 Lecture 3Uploaded byToota Tutta