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12) NAD+ -0.32, FAD -0.18, CoQ 0.03, cytochrome c 0.25, cutochrome a 0.

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15) * The isolated F1 subunits subunits of the ATP synthase catalyze ATP hydrolysis because the
enzyme needs to forgo conformational change to facilitate the hydrolysis. Since there are 3
necessary conformations needed to hydrolyze ATP, (binding, hydrolysis, release) 3 sets of
alpha/beta subunits are required to ensure a continuous hydrolysis .
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a) NADH to FAD to cluster
+.320 -.266+.266 -.205 = +1.15 Initial oxidation of NADH is enough energy potential for FAD to
be reduced & stable. It is then re
b) *Wha? +.219 -.320
21) Temper