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NOUNS referring to abstractions

IN + noun (inability)
UN + noun (unhappiness)
DIS + noun (dishonesty)
IM + noun (impossibility)
IR + noun (irresponsibility)
IL + noun (illegality)
DE + noun (demotivation)

Word Formation: prefixes


Ex. 1 Complete the following sentences with nouns made from the
words given in parentheses.
1 All the bad news in the daily paper give me great....(happy)
2 Arnold hides his................under kind words. (honest)
3 Bob often cries and then laughs. He shows emotional.(stable)
4 Graham is a difficult child : hes very ............... (obey)
5 To drive without a licence is an .........................................(legal)
6 Toms room is a mess. His .............is famous. (tidy)
7 Unfortunately Jonas always expresses complete.............................with
my ideas (agree)
8 The rate of ...........................................especially among young people is
dramatically increasing. (employ)
9 James is very original and he always dresses in a .................................
way (conform)
10 Sally is sometimes very silly and shows all her ..........................(mature)
11 In the States they celebrates their ...........................in July.(depend)
12 Racism and ..............................are very serious problems. (tolerate)
13 She expressed her .............................with the service by leaving no tip.
(satisfy)
14 After her sudden.................................we called the police. (appear)

Ex.2 Say which of these pictures


expresses: 1 Dishonesty
2Disobedience 3 Untidiness
4 Uncertainty 5 Uneasiness,
6 Disadvantage 7 Unequality
8 Unreliability. 9 Unhappiness

Ex.3 Matching activity: match opposites


1 Equality
2 Honesty
3 Capability
4 Sensitivity
5 Comprehension
6 Morality
7 Possibility
8 Fortune
9 Nutrition
10 Accuracy

A Impossibility
B Incapability
C Inaccuracy
D Inequality
E Malnutrition
F Misfortune
G Dishonesty
H Insensitivity
I incomprehension
J Immorality

PREFIXES OF LATIN ORIGIN


ANTE = before (ante war)
POST = after (post-industrial)
MULTI = many (multi-ethnic)
MINI = small (miniskirt)
EX= before (ex husband)
SEMI = half (semicircular)
ULTRA = very (ultramodern)
MICRO = very small (microsurgery)
MACRO = very large (macroeconomics)
EXTRA = very (extra-fast)
INTER = inside (intercontinental)
PRE = before (pre arrangement)
PRO = in favour (pro-life)
SUPER = very big (superstore)
MONO = one (monosyllabic)

1 __
2 __
3__
4__
5__
6 __
7__
8__
9__
10__

OTHER PREFIXES:
OVER- = excess (overcook)
UNDER- = inferiority (underestimate)
OUT- = overcome , outside (outgrow)
RE- = repetition (rebuild)
FORE- = anticipate (foresee)
CO- = together (cooperate)
EX. 4 Complete the sentences with the word given and one of the
prefixes listed above.
1 This meat is...............................and its still raw. I dont like it. (cook)
2 This morning I .......................and I was late for work (sleep)
3 This composition is badly done. Youll have to ................. it. (write)
4 The.....................in the film was Angelina Jolie .(star)
5 They .................................me in that restaurant. It was really very
expensive. (charge)
6 After demolishing the old school, they are now .............................a new
one. (build)
7 What do you .................................for my future? (see)
8 The room was ........................................It was very hot indeed. (heated)
9 I saw a film about a famous Western ........................... (law)
10 That supermarket is .............................its products. Lets go shopping
there. (sell)
11 During the war they built ............................shelters. (ground)
12 Dont .....................................Take it easy. (do)
13 They have .........................the cinema they had closed down . (open)