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A Study on Mhd Boundary Layer Flow Over a Nonlinear Stretching Sheet Using Implicit Finite Difference Method

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STRETCHING SHEET USING IMPLICIT FINITE DIFFERENCE

METHOD

Satish V Desale1, V H Pradhan2

1

2

S.V.National Institute of Technology, Surat, India pradhan65@yahoo.com

Abstract

The problem of the MHD boundary layer flow of an incompressible viscous fluid over a non-linear stretching sheet is discussed.

Using similarity transformation governing equations are transformed in to nonlinear ordinary differential equation. The Implicit finite

difference Keller box method is applied to find the numerical solution of nonlinear differential equation. Graphical results of fluid

velocity have been presented and discussed for the related parameters.

Keywords: MHD, boundary layer, nonlinear differential equations, and Keller box method

----------------------------------------------------------------------***-----------------------------------------------------------------------1. INTRODUCTION

2. GOVERNING EQUATIONS

sheet problem. The stretching problems for steady flow have

been used in various engineering and industrial processes, like

non-Newtonian fluids, MHD flows, porous plate, porous

medium and heat transfer analysis.

incompressible viscous fluid over a stretching sheet at y = 0.

The fluid is electrically conducting under the influence of an

applied magnetic field B(x) normal to the stretching sheet. The

induced magnetic field is neglected. The resulting boundary

layer equations are as follows [6]

of conducting fluids with electromagnetic phenomena. The

flow of an electrically conducting fluid in the presence of a

magnetic field is important in various areas of technology and

engineering such as MHD power generation, MHD flow

meters, MHD pumps, etc.

u v

0

x y

u

Chiam [7] investigated the MHD flow of a viscous fluid

bounded by a stretching surface with power law velocity. He

obtained the numerical solution of the boundary value

problem by using the RungeKutta shooting algorithm with

Newton iteration. Hayat et al. [6] applied the modified

Adomian decomposition method with the Pad approximation

and obtained the series solution of the governing nonlinear

problem.

Rashidi in [4] used the differential transform method with the

Pad approximant and developed analytical solutions for this

problem. In [1, 2] applied the HAM in order to obtain an

analytical solution of the governing nonlinear differential

equations.

(1)

u

v

2u

B 2 ( x)

v 2

u

x

y

y

(2)

directions respectively, is the kinematic viscosity, is the

fluid density and is the electrical conductivity of the fluid. In

equation (2), the external electric field and the polarization

effects are negligible and following Chiam [7] we assume that

the magnetic field B takes the form

B x B0 x( n1)/2

The boundary conditions corresponding to the non-linear

stretching of the sheet are [6]

help of implicit finite difference Keller box method and

various results are discussed graphically.

u( x,0) cx n , v( x,0) 0

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 02 Issue: 12 | Dec-2013, Available @ http://www.ijret.org

287

ordinary differential equations (5)-(6) for the midpoint

x ,t j 1

2 of

c(n 1)

x

2v

n 1

2

f jn f jn1

hj

c(n 1) n21

n 1

x f (t )

t f '(t )

2v

n 1

u nj u nj 1

hj

(3)

Where

difference

u nj u nj 1

(9)

v nj v nj 1

(10)

n 1

x 2 ,t j 1

2

centering about the mid-point

of the rectangle.

v'

numerically using implicit finite difference method that is

known as Keller-box in combination with the Newtons

linearization techniques as described by Cebeci and Bradshaw

[3]. This method is unconditionally stable and has secondorder accuracy.

In this method the transformed differential equation (3) are

writes in terms of first order system, for that introduce new

dependent variable u, v such that

f 'u

(5)

u' v

(6)

(7)

fv n u 2 Mu n

n

n 1

n 1

v'

fv n 1 u 2 Mu n 1

centered

n 1

x 2 ,t

without specifying t.

In first step we center about

(4)

2 B0 2

2n

,M

n 1

c(1 n) .

v' fv u 2 Mu 0

using

segment

x ,t j 1

2

.

derivatives, this is called centering about

u cx n f '(t )

the

j

Now centering about

1

2 (for simplicity, remove n)

v j v j 1 f j f j 1 v j v j 1

2

2

hj

u u j 1 u j u j 1

u j u j 1

j

2 2

2

v v j 1

j

fv j 1/2 u 2

Mu j 1/2

j 1/2

h j

n 1

(11)

the Newtons quasi-linearization method [5]

For that use,

(8)

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 02 Issue: 12 | Dec-2013, Available @ http://www.ijret.org

288

f j n 1 f j n f j n

method explained by Na [5].

u j n 1 u j n u j n

v j n 1 v j n v j n

following figures. Fig.1 and 2 shows, as the magnetic

f j f j 1

hj

u j u j 1

hj

u j u j 1 r1 j

v

2

fluid velocity decreases. Also it can be observed that as

magnetic parameter M increases velocity profile decreases

very rapidly as compared to increase of non-dimensional

(12)

v j 1 r2 j

parameter on f.

(13)

(a5 ) j u j (a6 ) j u j 1 r3 j

(14)

block tridiagonal structure. In a vector matrix form, it can be

written as

A

B

C

1

A C

2

B A C

3

B J 1 AJ 1 C J 1

B J AJ

[ ] [ r ]

[ ] [ r ]

[ ] [ r ]

: :

: :

[ ] [ r ]

1

Fig -1:.Effect of Magnetic Parameter on fluid velocity obtained by Keller Box Method for

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 02 Issue: 12 | Dec-2013, Available @ http://www.ijret.org

289

Fig -3: Effect of Magnetic Parameter on f (t) obtained by Keller Box Method for 1

Fig -4: Effect of Magnetic Parameter on f (t) obtained by Keller Box Method for

Volume: 02 Issue: 12 | Dec-2013, Available @ http://www.ijret.org

290

CONCLUSIONS

In this study, MHD viscous flow over a stretching sheet is

considered. Keller Box Method is applied to solve the

governing nonlinear differential equation. The results indicate

that the velocity will be reduced by increasing the two

parameters of M and ; however, effect of M in reduction of

the velocity components is more than . Therefore, it can be

concluded that Keller Box is one of the best method to study

on MHD viscous flow numerically and get the appropriate

results.

REFERENCES

[1]

[2]

[3]

[4]

[5]

[6]

[7]

[8]

''Homotopy analysis method for solving the MHD flow

over a non-linear stretching sheet (Commun. Nonlinear

Sci. Numer. Simulat.

14 (2009) 2653-2663)'',

Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical

Simulation, 15 (2010) 4233-4240.

A.R. Ghotbi, Homotopy analysis method for solving

the MHD flow over a non-linear stretching sheet,

Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical

Simulation,14 (2009) 2653-2663.

Cebeci T., Bradshaw P. Physical and computational

Aspects of Convective Heat Transfer, New York:

Springer (1988), 391-411.

M.M. Rashidi, The modified differential transform

method for solving MHD boundary-layer equations,

Computer Physics Communication, 180 (2009), 22102217.

Na T.Y., Computational Methods in Engineering

Boundary Value Problem. New York: Academic Press

(1979), 111-118.

T. Hayat, Q. Hussain, T. Javed, The modified

decomposition method and Pad approximants for the

MHD flow over a non-linear stretching sheet,

Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, 10

(2009), 966973.

T.C. Chiam, Hydromagnetic flow over a surface

stretching with a power-law velocity, Int. J. Eng. Sci.

33 (1995), 429-435.

McCormack P.D., Crane L., "Physics of Fluid

Dynamics", New York, Academic Press, (1973).

Volume: 02 Issue: 12 | Dec-2013, Available @ http://www.ijret.org

291

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