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Mathematics – HL

Work Sheet (Matrices, logarithms and exponents )

1 2
1. Find constants a and b such that A2 = a A +b I for A equal to  
3 4
2. Find X if
1 2 14 − 5
[a] X  = 
5 −1 22 0 

k 1 k + 1 2 
3. For [a]   [b] 
 − 6 2  1 k 
find the values of k for which the matrix A is singular

4. Find A-1 in linear form given that


[a] 5A = I – A2
[b] 2I = 3A2 – 4A

2 1 2
5. Evaluate : − 1 1 2
2 1 3

6. For what values of k does


x + 2y - 3z = 5
2x – y – z = 8
Kx + y +2z = 14 have a unique solution?

7. Use matrix methods and technology to solve:


x – y – 2z = 4
5x +y +2z = -6
3x – 4y – z = 17

8. A biologist, monitoring a fire ant infestation, notices that the area affected
by the ants is given by An = 1000 X e 0.7n hectares, where n is the number
of weeks after the initial observation.
[a] draw an accurate graph of An against n and use your graph to estimate
the time taken for the infested area to reach 5000 ha
[b] find the answer to ‘a’ using logarithms
[c] check your answer to ‘b’ using suitable technology.
9. Write the following equations without logarithms:
[a] ln D = ln x + 1 [b] ln D ≈ 0.4 ln n – 0.6582
[c] ln F = - ln p +2

10. Consider the function f (x) = log2(x-1) +1


[a] find the domain and range of f
[b] Find any asymptotes and axis intercepts.
[c] Sketch the graph of f showing all important features
[d] Find f-1 and explain how to verify your answer
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11. Solve : log16 3 100 − x 2 =
2
12. The scrap value, $V, of some machinery after t years is given by
V(t) = 50000 (0.58)t, t ≥0
[a] what was the initial cost of the machine?
[b] what is the scrap value of the machine after 4 years?
[c] how long would it be before the scrap value reaches $ 20000?

13. Solve for x


[a] log2 (x-5) = 4 [b] log 3 81 = x +1
[c] log x ( 1/3)= 3

14. Solve for x , give your answer to 4 d.p


[a] log e ( x-2) = 1 [b] log e x = ½
[c] log x e = -2

15. Express y in terms of x if


[a] 2 + log10 x = 4 log 10y
[b] log x = log ( a-by) – log a

16. Find x : 5 x = 2 x+1 give your answer in 2 d.p

17. Solve for x: ( note: use change of base of rule)


[a] 8 x – 5 X 4 x = 0 [b] log 4 x3 + log 2 √x = 8
[c] log 16 x5 = log 64 125 – log 4 √x

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21. When P(x) is divided by x2 – 3x +7 the quotient is x2 + x -1 and the


remainder is unknown. However, when P(x) is divided by x-2 the
remainder is 29 and when divided by x+1 the remainder is -16. if the
remainder has the form ax + b, find a and b

22. Without performing division, find the remainder when:


[a] x3 + 2x2 – 7x + 5 is divided by x-1
[b] x4 – 2x2 +3x -1 is divided by x +2

23. Find k given that x-2 is a factor of x3 +kx2 -3x +6

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