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ISSN : 2320-3412(P), 2349-1639(O)

III

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ISSN : 2320-3412(P), 2349-1639(O)


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III

nrt;tpyf;fpaq;fspy; tzpfr; rpe;jidfs;


Kidth; nr.gukrptd;
tzpftpay; cjtpg; Nguhrpupau;
ngupahu; <.nt.uh fy;Y }up> jpUr;r puhg;g s;s p

Kf Ti u
etPd cyfpd; tzpfk; kw;Wk; nghUspay; rpe;jidfis tho;tpay; jj;Jtq;fisAk; gy
Mapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;Ng nrt;tpyf;fpaq;fspy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;bUg;gJ ek; Kd;Ndhh;fspd;
cyfshtpa tzpfg; ghh;itiaAk; mjd; rhh;ej
; mwpTg;Gyj;ijAk; vLj;Jiug;gjhf mikfpwJ.
,d;i wa tzpfk; kw;Wk; Nkyhz;ik ty;Yeh;fs; $l jPh;f;f Kbahj gy;N tW tifahdr;
rpf;fy;fSf;Fk;> nray;ghLfSf;Fk; kpff; jPhf
; f
; khTk;> midtUk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sj;jf;f tifapy;
vspikahfTk; rhJh;akhfTk; jPhT
; fisr; nrtptpyf;fpaq;fspy; $wg;gl;bUg;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJk;
jkpo;r; nrk;nkhopapd; rpwg;gk;rKk; MFk;.
rq;f ,yf;fpak; ,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F
Kw;gl;l fhyg;gFjpapy; vOjg;gl;l nrt;tpay;
,yf;fpaq;fs; MFk;. rq;f ,yf;fpak; ghl;Lk;
njhifAk; vd tifg;gLj;J g;gl;Ls;d 473
Gyth;fshy; vOjg;gl;l 2381 ghly;fisf;
nfhz;Ls;sd. gz;ilj;jkpohpd; fhjy;> Nghh;>
tPuk;> Ml;rpaikg;G kw;Wk; tzpfk; Kjypait
Fwpj;jr; nra;jpfs; rq;f ,yf;fpag;ghly;fspy;
fhzg;ngWfpd;w d. ,tw; i wj; jtpug; gpw
nrt;tpyf;fpaq;fspYk; Nkw;Fwpj;j gjpTfs;
,lk; ngw;wpUg;gij fz;lwpeJ
; ntspg;gLj;JtJ
,t;tha;tpd; Nehf;fkhFk;.

r%ftp ay; > nghUs pay; > khdp l tpay; >


tzpftpay;> Nkyhz;i kapay;> capupay;>
kUe;jpay;> tuyhw;w pay;> thdpay; kw;Wk;
,jo pay;
Nghd;w
$l;lha;Tfis
Nkw;nfhs;tjw;Fupa tpupe;j fsq;fisAk;
jsq; f isAk; nfhz; l itfshfj; jkpo;
,yf;fpaq;fs; tpsq;Ffpd;wd. Fwpg;ghf>
njhy;fhg;gpah; epyj;ij Ie;jhfg; gphpj;J
xt; n thU epyj; i jAk; me; e pyj; j pw; F hpa
nja;tj;NjhL njhlh;GgLj;jpAs;shh;. tzpfj;jpd;
%y Mjhukhf epyk; tpsq;FfpwJ vd;gij
ntspg;gLf;jpAs;shh;.

jkpopd; KOKjy; ,yf;fz EhyhfTk;


Kjd;ikahd ,yf;fz EhyhfTk;
tpsq;Ffpd;w njhy;fhg;gpak;> jkpo;gg
; z;ghl;bd;
fUT+yfq;fshf tp sq;Ffp d;w rq;f
,yf;fpaq;fs.; jkpoh;jk; mwpTf;nfhilapd;
cah; e piy ntspg;g hlhff; nfhs;s j; jf;f
ePjpEhy;fs;; cs;spl;l goe;jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fs;>
fhg;gpaq;fs;> gf;jp ,yf;fpaq;fs; kw;Wk;
gy;NtW tiffshf tsh;eJ
; tUfpd;w ,f;fhy
,yf;fpaq;fs; Kjypa jkpopyf;fpaq;fs; ntWk;
,yf; f pa Efh; T f; F chpadhthf kl; Lk;
mikatpy; i y.
khwhfj; njhy; y pay; >

khNahd; Nka fhLiw cyfk;


NrNahd; Nka iktiu cyfk;
Nte;jd; Nka jPk;Gdy; ngUkzy; cyfk;
tUzd; Nka ngUkzy; vd;W
nrhy;ypa Kiwapy; nrhy;yTk; gLNk
v l ; L j; n j h i f E hy ; f s p y ; xd ; w h d
GwehDhw;w py; thptR+y;> jiyikg; gz;G>
gzpg;gfph;T >
kd;dd; kf;fNshL mkh;e ;J
tpUe; J z; z y; > ,yhgg; gfph; T Kjyhd
eph;thftpay; rpe;jidfs; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sijf;
fhz KbfpwJ.
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ISSN : 2320-3412(P), 2349-1639(O)


fha; III
ney;
mWj;Jf; ftsk; nfhspNd>
rpe;jidahFk;. ,ij>

kh epiwT ,y;yJk;> gy; ehl;F MFk;>


EhW nrW MapDk;> jkpj;Jg; Gf;F czpNd>
tha; GFtjdpDk; fhy; nghpJ nfLf;Fk;>
mwpTil Nte;jd; newp mwpe;J nfhspNd>
Nfhb ahj;J> ehL nghpJ ee;J k;>
nky;ypad; fpotd; Mfp> itfYk;
thpir mwpahf; fy;nyd; Rw;wnkhL>
ghpT jg vLf;Fk; gpz;lk; er;rpd;>
ahid Gf;f Gyk; Nghy>
jhDk; cz;zhd;> cyfKk; nfLNk (1)

ePhpd; te;j epkph;ghpg; gutpAk;


fhypd; te;j fUq;fwp %ilAk;
tlkiy gpwe;j kzpAk; nghd;Dk;
Flkiyg; gpwe;j MuKk; MfpYk;
njd;fly; Kj;Jk; fzfly; JfpUk;
fq;if thhpAk; fhtphpg;gaDk;
<oj;J czTk; fhofj;J Mf;fKk;
mwpaTk; nghpaTk; Nehpa <z;b
tse;jiy kaq;fpa ede;jiy kWfpd;
(gl;bdg;ghiy : 185-195)

vd;w ghly; kd;dd; thptR+y; nra;a


Ntz;ba Kiwia vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ cg;ig
ney; Yf; F tpw; Fk; gof; fk; jkpofj; j py;
mz;ikf;fhyk; tiu ,Ue;jJ. ,Uf;fpd;w xU
nghUs; kw;nwhU ,lj;jpy; thOk; kf;fSf;Ff;
fpilf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w Efh;Nthh; jd;dpiwTg;
nghUshjhur; rpe;jidia md;iwaj; jkpoh;fs;
nfhz;bUe;j ghq;if czuyhk;.

vd;W gl;bdg;ghiy vLj;Jiuf;fpwJ.


vw;Wkjp nra;ag;gLk; nghUs;fSf;F Rq;fk;
(thp) tpjpf;Fk; jpl;lk; ,Ue;jijAk; gz;ila
,yf;fpaq;fs; gfh;fpd;wd.
Njh; G+z;l khRNghy
itfy; NjhWk; mirT,d;wp
cy;F nraf; FiwglhJ (gl;bdg;ghiy:
123-125)

gy;NtW Gs;spd; ,ir vOe;jw;Nw


my; mq;fhb mopjU fk;giy
(kJiuf;fhQ;rp 540 - 44)

Rq;f thp tR+ypj;j nghUl;fspy; me;je;j


ehl;L murh;fspd; rpd;dk; nghwpf;fg;gLk;
vd;gijAk; ,yf;fpaq;fs; Rl;Lfpd;wd.

vd;w ghlybfs; ,uT Neuj;jpy; nghUisg;


ngUf;f kJiuapy; tzpfk; ele;j epiyia
tpsf;FfpwJ.

Gypg; nghhpj;Jg; Gwk;N ghf;fp (gl;bdg;giy


U 135)

gilgyk; ngw; W s; s murd; nghUs;


tsj;jpy; ftdk; nfhs;fpd;w nghOJjhd; ehL
eyk;ngWk;. muz; eyj;jpYk; nghUs; eyj;jpy;
muR mf;fiw nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gijj;
jpUts;Sth;;>

Nrho ehl;bypUe;J nrd;w nghUl;fspd; kPJ


Gypr; r pd; d k; nghwpf; f g; g l; L s; s J ,d; W
kf;fsplk; tR+ypf;fg;gLk; thpg;gzk; kf;fs;
eyj;jpl;lq;fSf;Fg; gad;gLtJNghy; md;Wk;
gad;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w kPs; ghh;i tia
,r;nra;jpfs; jUfpd;wd.

,aw;wYk; <l;lYk; fhj;jYk; fhj;j


tFj;jYk; ty;yJ muR (Fws;. 385)

n r t ; t p y f ; f p a q ; fs p y ; m w p T U j ; j g ;
gl;b Uf;f pd; w tzpfr; rpe; jidfs; etPd
fhyj;jpw;Fk; nghUe;Jtjhf mikfpwJ. me;j
tifapy; tzpfkakhfptpl;l ,e;j r%fj;jpy;
n r k ; n k h o p a p y ; i f a h s g ; gl ; l t z p f
fUj;JUf;fis gug;Giur; nra;aTk;> mjid
gz; K fj; j d; i kNahL mZfp Muha; e ; J
tpsf;Ftjw;F fskhf mikAk;.

vd; W vLj; J i u f; f p d; w hh; nghUi s


cz;lhf;fy;> cz;lhf;fpaij xUq;F jpul;ly;>
jpul;ba nghUs; fisg; gq;fpLjy; Mfpa
Jiwfspy; murd; ty; y tdhf ,Uj; jy;
NtzLk; vd;gijf; fhyj;ij ntd;W epw;Fk;
Fws;top mwpayhk;.
nghUs;fis Vw;Wkjp ,wf;Fkjp nra;tJ
e hl ; b d ; t s j ; i j ng U f; Fk ; c a hp a

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