68 views

Uploaded by VIKAS GARG

- Lab Report3
- Second Sequence Tes2
- Extraction of Metals Test
- Elektrokimia Kuliah
- 5 - Lab Math Molarity.pdf
- BIOACCUMULATION OF ARSENIC IN CHLORELLA VULGARIS (CHLOROPHYTA: CHLORELLACEAE) IN EFFLUENT FROM INDUSTRIAL PARK RÍO SECO (IPRS) AND ACUTE TOXICITY IN DAPHNIA MAGNA (CRUSTACEA: DAPHNIIDAE), AREQUIPA, PERU
- Concentration of Solutions.ppt
- Stic Home Try
- Cbse All India Chem
- Effects of Oxidation in Everyday Life
- 0620_w13_qp_13
- soluition charpter 2.pdf
- 7
- 18
- Revisssunn Notesd Repaired)
- Formulae and Oxidation Numbers
- lab
- Redox II part 1 Edexcel
- Redox Extended
- XII Chemistry Sample1

You are on page 1of 7

Time: 2 hours

Total Marks: 50

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

The question paper consists of 24 questions.

Paper dividend into four section A, B, C and D.

Section A comprises of 8 questions of 1 mark each.

Section B comprises of 10 questions of 2 marks each.

Section C comprises of 4 questions of 3 marks each.

Section D comprises of 2 questions of 5 marks each.

SECTION - A

1 8 = 8 Marks

1. Define Accuracy & Precision

Sol. Accuracy is a measure of the difference between the experimental value or the mean value of a set of

measurements & the true value.

Precision refers to how closely two or more measurements of the same quantity agree with one

another.

2. Explain law of reciprocal proportions.

Sol. Law of reciprocal proportion:

When two different elements combine separately with the fixed mass of a 3rd element. The ratio in which

they do so well be the same or some simple multiple of the ratio in which they combine with each other

3. Give one limitation of the law of constant composition.

Sol. When isotopes of an element take part in the formation of a compound, then the same compound has

different ratios of the elements.

For example,

In CO2, with C 12 isotope, the ratio of C : O : : 12 : 32

In CO2, with C 14 isotope, the ratio of C : O : : 14 : 32

4. What is a limiting reagent?

Sol. The reactant which is present in a lesser amount than calculated by balanced chemical equation and

thus gets entirely consumed when a reaction goes to completion is called a limiting reagent.

5. Which aqueous solution has higher concentration : 1 molar or 1 molal solution of the same solute?

Give reason.

Sol. 1 M has higher concentration than 1 m. This is because 1 M solution means 1 mole of the solute in

1000 cc of the solution whereas 1 m solution means 1 mole of the solute in 1000 g of water (= 1000

c.c. of water). Total volume of 1 m solution > 1000 c.c. due to presence of extra 1 mole of the solute.

Hence number of moles/cc of 1 m solution will be less than that in 1 M solution. So 1 M is more

concentrated than 1 m.

6. How many moles and how many grams of sodium chloride (NaCl) are present in 250 mL of a 0.50 M

NaCl solution?

Sol. A 0.50 M NaCl solution contains 0.50 mol of NaCl in 1 L or 1000 mL of solution. Therefore, number of

0.50 mol 250 mL

moles of NaCl in 250 mL of solution =

= 0.125 mol

1000 ml

mass of NaCl =0.125 58.5

Molar mass of NaCl = 58.5 g mol-1

7. Express the 32.392800 number to four significant figure

Sol. 32.39

8. What is density of water in 1 kg/m3 if in CGS unit it is 1 gm/m

gm 10 3 kg

Sol. D

10 3 kg/m 3

m 10 - 6 m3

Section B

2 10 = 20 Marks

(a) What are the equivalent weights of each of these compounds assuming the formula weights of

these compounds are x, y and z respectively.

(i) Na2SO4

(ii) Na3PO4.12H2O

(iii) Ca3(PO4)2

(b) Which is more concentration 1 N or 1 M H2SO4

Sol. (a) Equivalent weight = Molecular weight/Total positive valency of metal atoms. Thus equivalent

weights of the above compounds are x/2, y/3 and z/6 respectively.

(b) 1 M more concentrated than 1 N as it will have 98 gm H2SO4. Whereas 1 N will have 49 gm.

10. If law of constant composition is true, what weights of calcium, carbon and oxygen are present in 1.5 g

of calcium carbonate? Given that the sample of calcium carbonate from another sample contains Ca =

40.0%, C = 12.0% and O = 48.0%

1.5 40

Sol.

Weight of Ca

0.6 g

100

1.5 12

Weight of C

1.18 g

100

1.5 48

Weight of O

0.72 g

100

11. Why must oxidation and reduction occur together in a reaction?

Sol. In a redox reaction, the oxidation and reduction must occur together because it is a reaction in which

electrons are transferred between species and the electrical neutrality of the system is conserved. In

oxidation, there is a loss of electrons by a species and in reduction there is a gain of electron by a

species.

12. (i) Can the reaction Cr2O72 + H2O

2CrO42 + 2H+ be regarded as a redox reaction?

Sol. O.N. of Cr in Cr2O72 = +6 ;

O.N. of Cr in CrO42 = + 6

As the O.N. of Cr remains unaltered, the above reaction cannot be regarded as a redox reaction.

(ii) Determine the oxidation number of O in the following:

OF2, Na2O2 and KO2.

Sol. (i) OF2

Let the oxidation number of O = x

Oxidation number of each F = - 1

x2=0

x=+2

9.

(ii) Na2O2

Let the oxidation number of O = x

Oxidation number of each Na = +1

2 + 2x = 0

or

2x = - 2

or

x=-1

(iii) KO2

+1 + 2x = 0

2x = - 1

1

x=

2

13. An organic compound on analysis gave the following data: C = 57.82%, H = 3.6% and the rest is

oxygen. Its vapour density is 83. Find its empirical and molecular formula.

Sol.

Element

Mass in g per 100 g

Number of moles

Divide by 2.41

Multiplication by 2

C

57.82

57.82

4.82

2.0

4

12

H

3.6

1.50

2

O

= 38.58

3.6

3.60

1

38.58

2.41

16

Empirical formula weight is 48 + 3 + 32 = 83

Molecular formula weight = 2 V.D. = 166

MFW 166

2

EFW

83

M.F. = C8H6O4

14. An impure sample of sodium chloride which weighs 0.50 g gave, on treatment with excess of silver

nitrate solution, 0.90 g of silver chloride as a white precipitate. Calculate the percentage purity of the

sample.

Sol.

AgNO3 + NaCl AgCl NaNO 3

1 mol

1 mol

0.90

0.90 g AgCl will require 58.5 58.5

143 .5

= 0.37 g NaCl

0.37

Percentage purity of NaCl =

100

0.50

= 74%

15. (i) How many of these can act as only oxidising agent & why?

H2SO4, KMnO4, K2Cr2O7, N2O5, NO2

(ii) Find equivalent weight of reactant in the given change [At. Wt. of Sb = 121.76; O = 16]

Sb2O3 Sb2O5

Mol. mass

121 2 3 16 290

Sol. (ii) eq. mass

; equivalent mass

72.5

4

4

4

16. 23 g of ethanol CH3CH2OH() on reaction with ethanoic acid CH3COOH form 22g of ethyl ethanoate by

esterification in the presence of conc. H2SO4. What is the % yield in the reaction.

Sol. CH3CH2OH + CH3COOH CH3COOC2H5 + H2O

1 mole ethanol = 1 mole ethyl ethanoate

46 g ethanol = 88 g

88

23g ethanol =

88 = 44 CH3COOC2H5

46

Actual mass = 22gm

Actual yield

22

% yield =

100 100%

100 50%

Threotrica l yield

44

17. 15 gm of metal on oxidation give metal oxide which further on hydrolysis gives 20 gm metal

hydroxide. Calculate the equivalent weight of metal

15

20

Sol.

E E 17 ; 15 E + 255 = 20 E;

255 = 15 E ;

E = 17

18. Vapour density of chloride is 77. Equivalent mass is 3. What is valency of metal in chloride MCl x

Molecular mass

Sol. x =

E 35.5

2 Vapour density

=

3 35.5

=4

SECTION C

3 4 = 12 Marks

19. Balance this reaction by oxidation number method.

K2Cr2O7 + KI + H2SO4 K2SO4 + Cr2(SO4)3 + I2 + H2O

Sol. ionic equation

Cr2O72 + I Cr+3

+ I2

Balance No. of atom & find increase & decrease in oxidation number

(1) Cr2O72

2I 2Cr+3

I2

Inc. by 2

dec. by 6

(2) Balance Increase & decrease in oxidation number

Cr2O72 + 6I 2Cr+3 + 3I2

(3) Balance charge by adding H+ ion

Cr2O72 + 6I + 8H+ 2Cr+3 + 3I2

(4) Balance hydrogen by adding H2O

add spectator ion Cr2O72 + 6I + 14H+ 2Cr+3 + 3I2 + 7H2O

(5) K2Cr2O7 + 6KI + 7H2SO4 Cr2(SO4)3 + 3I2 + 7H2O + 4K2SO4

20. A sample of coal gas contained CO, CH4 and H2. 20 mL of this mixture was exploded with 80 mL

oxygen. After cooling the volume of the gas mixture was found to be 68 mL. On shaking with KOH

solution there was a contraction of 10 mL in volume. Find out percentage composition of the coal

gas.

Sol.

Let CO = x mL, CH4 = y mL,

H2 = (20 x y) mL, O2 = 80 mL

1 v ol

x mL

(3)

2H2

1 v ol

(20 - x - 4)

1

v ol

2

x

mL

2

(2) CH 4 2O 2 CO 2 2H2 O

1 v ol

x mL

1 v ol

x mL

2 v ol

2y mL

1 v ol

y mL

O2

2CO 2

1

1 v ol

v ol

x mL

2

20 x 4

mol

2

CO2 formed = x + y = 10 mL

Volume of O2 unused = 68 10 = 58

Volume of O2 used = 80 58 = 22

x + y = 10

0.5x + 2y +

20 x y

= 22

2

(i)

(ii)

%age Composition:

y=8

x = 2 ml

Volume of H2 = 10 ml

2

100 10%

20

8

CH4 = y = 8 =

100 40%

20

10

H2 = (20 x y) = 10 =

100 50%

20

CO = x = 2 =

21. An aqueous solution of sodium chloride is marked 10% (w/w) on the bottle. The density of the solution

is 1.071 g/mL. What is its molality and molarity? Also, find mole fraction of each component in the

solution?

Sol. 10% (w/w) solution means 100 g of solution contains 10 g NaCl

10

90

0.17 and nH2O

5 mol

58.5

18

n

0.17

(i) Molality = B 1000

1000

wA

90

= 1.89 molal

100 g

(ii) Volume of solution

1.071 g/mL

100

mL

1.071

1

L

10.71

M

0.17

Molarity B 1000

1.071 1000

V(m)

100

nNaCl

= 1.82

% d 10

or M

M.Wt .

(iii) Mole fraction of NaCl = xNaCl

nNaCl

nNaCl n H2 O

0.17

0.033

0.17 5.0

Therefore, the mole fraction of H2O = xH2O 1 0.033

= 0.967

22. A mixture containing 100 g of H2 and 100 g O2 is ignited so that water is formed according to the

reaction.

2H2 + O2 2H2O

(i) How much water is formed?

(ii) Which is the limiting reagent

(iii) Calculate the volume of the gas left unreacted at STP.

Sol. 2H2 + O2 2H2O

100 g H2 = 50 mol H2

100

100 g O2

3.125 mol O2

32

2 mol H2 + 1 mol O2 2 mol H2o

2 3.125 mol H + 3.125 mol O2 2 3.125 mol H2O

More H2 is present than required. Therefore, O2 is the limiting reactant

Amount of H2O formed

= 2 3.125 mol H2O

= 2 3.125 18

= 112.5 g H2O

Number of moles of H2 left unreacted = (50 2 3.125) = 43.75 mol H2

Volume occupied by 43.75 mol H2 at STP = 43.75 22.4 lit

= 980 L H2 at STP

SECTION D

5 2 = 10 Marks

23. (i) Balance the following redox reaction in basic medium using the half-reaction method:

OH

MnO4 + I MnO2 + IO 3

(ii) Balance the following ionic equations by using half reaction method:

I + MnO4 IO 3 + MnO2 (acidic medium)

Sol. (i) MnO 4 + I MnO2 + IO 3

Reduction Reaction

Oxidation Reaction

I IO 3 6e

3e MnO 4 MnO 2

7

( 1)

( 5)

Multiply by 2

6e + 2MnO 4 2MnO2

Add two equation

2MnO 4 + I 2MnO2 + IO 3 + H2O

Balance Hydrogen by adding H+

Neutralise hydrogen by adding OH ion

2MnO -4 + I- + 2H+ + 2OH - 2OH 2MnO 2 IO 3 H2O

2H2O

2MnO 4 I H2O 2OH 2MnO 2 IO 3

3e

1

(ii)

I MnO 4 IO 3 MnO 2

6e

6e

1

I 2 MnO 4 IO 3 2MnO 2

6e

I + 2MnO4 IO3 + 2MnO2 + H2O

We balance H atoms by adding 2H+ to the left. Hence, the complete balanced equation is

I + 2MnO4 + 2H+ IO 3 + 2MnO2 + H2O

24. An aqueous solution of H3PO4 10% (w/v). The density of solution is 1.2 gm/ml. Calculate

(a) Molarity

(b) Molality

(c) Normality

(d) Mass %

Sol. M.Wt. = 98

(a) Molarity (M) =

(b) Molality =

10 1000

1.02 mole/lit

98 100

10

1000

98 Wsolv ent

= Volume of solution density 10

= 100 1.2 10

= 110

m=

10 1000

98 110 = 0.092 M

(d) Mass %

mass of solute

100

Total mass

10 100

10

100 8.33%

100 1.2 120

Mole of H3PO 4

Mole of H2O =

H3PO4

10

0.102

98

110

6.111

18

0.016

total mole

6.21

- Lab Report3Uploaded byNoura Alshammari
- Second Sequence Tes2Uploaded byNgek Kwakia
- Extraction of Metals TestUploaded bypixelhobo
- Elektrokimia KuliahUploaded byrofiqaasri
- 5 - Lab Math Molarity.pdfUploaded bykrizel
- BIOACCUMULATION OF ARSENIC IN CHLORELLA VULGARIS (CHLOROPHYTA: CHLORELLACEAE) IN EFFLUENT FROM INDUSTRIAL PARK RÍO SECO (IPRS) AND ACUTE TOXICITY IN DAPHNIA MAGNA (CRUSTACEA: DAPHNIIDAE), AREQUIPA, PERUUploaded byRonald Eleazar Huarachi Olivera
- Concentration of Solutions.pptUploaded byAnonymous 9uu04el
- Stic Home TryUploaded byေအာင္ ေက်ာ္ စြာ
- Cbse All India ChemUploaded bypratyushkarn
- Effects of Oxidation in Everyday LifeUploaded byNur Masyittah Irmi
- 0620_w13_qp_13Uploaded byHaider Ali
- soluition charpter 2.pdfUploaded byBryan de Barros
- 7Uploaded byNeha Shrivastava
- 18Uploaded bysliversniper
- Revisssunn Notesd Repaired)Uploaded bysameena678
- Formulae and Oxidation NumbersUploaded byDoc_Croc
- labUploaded byKamila Akimbayeva
- Redox II part 1 EdexcelUploaded byKevin The Chemistry Tutor
- Redox ExtendedUploaded byKelvin Requena
- XII Chemistry Sample1Uploaded byLeo Dennis
- Characterization and Performance in a Multicycle Test in a Fixed-Bed RUploaded bySoniaRahmiNachia
- Chemistry Syllabus 2016Uploaded byJordan Steele
- Solutions Manual Chapter11Uploaded byzemr6
- Minquiz National Oral Quiz 2009 With Answers 090828Uploaded byDanny Daniel Valderrama Gutiérrez
- February 25- March 1, 2013. Mole Concept 2Uploaded byPerry Sin
- 11 Solubility FactorsUploaded byRachel Willcutts
- Corrosion assignment-2018.docUploaded byHuy An Mai
- kangenwaterUploaded byapi-273575103
- 655_Chem_Comm.pdfUploaded byIanna Tatw
- Mole Concept Extra Practice ProblemsUploaded byDaniel Andre Ocampo Prudencio

- Statement of Account Padb Talwandi SaboUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- scan 04.05.2016_007Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- scan 04.05.2016_009Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- 0080NK004036F3Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- ImpUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- Form for Publishing Mobile App on Mobile Seva AppstoreUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- 2015 16 MTech EET FinalUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- Vis Stu1v3.0Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- scan 04.05.2016_012Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- scan 04.05.2016_012Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- scan 04.05.2016_024Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- EAM Chapter 15Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- ListUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- ListUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- Statement of Account of Personal LoanUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- Waiver of Cash Handling ChargesUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- PNB MohaliUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- Writ PetitionUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- Uppcl Ae Form 2016Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- Disposal of Applications Under RTI ActUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- scan 04.05.2016_002Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- AGM SangrurUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- BatalaUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- scan 04.05.2016_003Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- Amdb Connect SettingsUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- scan 04.05.2016_005Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- scan 04.05.2016_001Uploaded byVIKAS GARG
- Sahi Harman ITO Transfer Order RedimmedUploaded byVIKAS GARG
- Claim DeedUploaded byVIKAS GARG

- Data Structure Note by Bhupendra SaudUploaded byNa V IN
- Report Card Comments, Elementary/Primary (File 2)Uploaded bySchool Report Writer .com
- Gaussian UnitsUploaded byKapila Wijayaratne
- BoseUploaded byKris Stevens
- dlscrib.com_chapter-11-parametric-design-finalpdfpdf.pdfUploaded byisrafat
- 5 3 packetUploaded byapi-327561261
- VERMA-CH1 & 2Uploaded byUpendra Prasad
- Influence of Electrical Process ParametersUploaded bysiddy_777
- 25 Hardest Questions From the GMAT Club ForumUploaded byarpitgarg1989
- Difference Between Electromagnetic Induction and Magnetic InductionUploaded byRavi Yadav
- Dividend Policy is Concerned With Taking a Decision Regarding Paying Cash Dividend in the Present or Paying an Increased Dividend at a Later StageUploaded by1414646
- Kumar, K. (Mandaya, India) 521Uploaded byPierluigi Romano
- Mosel UserguideUploaded bymarcel2408
- ForecastingUploaded byWaqas Ahmad
- MATLAB.docxUploaded byNeymar
- Lecture 1 Review of ArraysUploaded byChad Precilla
- 2-8Uploaded bynouman
- 91585bd7a6a4ca0Uploaded byPartha Bhattacharjee
- Research MethodologyUploaded byRavi Hooda
- Material Balance john_mcmullan_presentationUploaded byNelson Maan
- Computational MechanicsUploaded byAlexander Narváez
- Tunnel Structures Seismic DesignUploaded byIbis Tello
- Design, Optimization and Development of X-Band Microstrip Patch Antenna Array for High GainUploaded bymoomoer
- 03-Isothermal Reactor Design (1).pdfUploaded byMishka Janghbahadur
- 1-s2.0-S037722170700642X-mainUploaded byAzlan Yusof
- review paper on block matching motion estimation algorithmUploaded byNitin Nakum
- 08. [Eng] Steel Hall Tutorial15Uploaded byHENGKIMHACH
- seprodthermochapter5refrigerationUploaded byadityanarang147
- Constructing 30Deg AngleUploaded byArthur Chew
- Mortensen 2015.Uploaded byDerlis Ramirez