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Name :_____________________________

Chapter 11 Locomotion And Support

___________________________________________________________________________
WORKSHEET 11.1 : Locomotion And Support in Humans And Animal
Pergerakan dan Sokongan dalam Manusia dan Haiwan
A. Fill in the blanks. / Isikan ruangan kosong.
1. The ability of an organism to move known as ______________________
Kebolehan organisma bergerak dikenali sebagai _____________________

2. A skeletal structure found inside the body of an organism called ____________________


Struktur rangka yang dijumpai dalam badan organisma dipanggil _________________

3. A skeletal structure found outside the body of an organism __________________


Struktur rangkan yang dijumpai di luar badan organisma dipanggil _______________

4. The locomotive structures of fish called _____________________


Struktur pergerakan ikan dipanggil _______________

5. A body cavity filled with fluid that allows movement known as ________________
Rongga badan dipenuhi bendalir yang membolehkan pergerakan dipanggil

_____________

6. A compound of calcium phosphate that made up the skeletal structure is


______________
Sebatian kalsium fosfat yang membina sturktur rangkan ialah _______________
B. Complete the following graphic organiser
To search the food
Untuk mencari makanan

1.

Necessity of
locomotion
Keperluan
pergerakan

2.

Function of
skeletal system
Fungsi system
rangka

For muscle attachment


Untuk pelekatan otot

_____________________________________________________________________________
MODUL BERFOKUS BIOLOGI
JPN PULAU PINANG

11.1/1

Name :_____________________________

Chapter 11 Locomotion And Support

___________________________________________________________________________
C. Complete in the mind map of human skeleton.
Lengkapkan peta minda rangka manusia.
HUMAN
SKELETON
RANGKA
MANUSIA

Consists of
Terdiri
daripada

P: _____________

Pectoral Girdle
Lengkungan
Pektoral
-Skull
-Vertebral
Columns
- _______
- ________

- Scapula
- ________

Appendicular
skeleton
Rangka apendiks

Q: ____________

-Humerus
-Radius
- ________
- Carpals
- ________
- ________

Pelvic Girdle
Lengkung Pelvik

- Ischium
- _________
- __________

R: ____________

-Femur
-________
- ________
- Tarsal
- ________
-_________

2. Diagram 1 shows the human skeleton. Label the structure in the diagram.
_____________________________________________________________________________
MODUL BERFOKUS BIOLOGI
JPN PULAU PINANG

11.1/2

Name :_____________________________

Chapter 11 Locomotion And Support

___________________________________________________________________________
Rajah 1 menunjukkan tulang manusia. Label struktur dalam rajah tersebut.

A: _____________
C:_____________
_.
D: _____________
E: ____________.

B: ____________.
H: _____________

F: _____________

I: _____________.

G: _____________

J: _____________
K: _____________

L: _____________

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

3. Diagram 2 shows a human vertebral column. Label the structures and state the number of
P, Q., R, S and T.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan turus vertebra manusia. Labelkan struktur dan nyatakan jumlah P, Q, R, S
dan T.

P:
Total number of vertebrae =
Jumlah vertebrae

Q:

R:
S:
T:
Diagram 2
Rajah 2
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_____________________________________________________________________________
MODUL BERFOKUS BIOLOGI
JPN PULAU PINANG

Name :_____________________________

Chapter 11 Locomotion And Support

___________________________________________________________________________

4. Diagram 3 shows a human lumbar vertebra. Label the structures and state its function
in the boxes provided.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan vertebrae lumbar manusia. Labelkan struktur dan nyatakan fungsi
stuktur tersebut dalam kotak yang disediakan.
A: ______________________
D:____________________

Function: _________________
Fungsi

Function: _______________
Fungsi

B: _______________________

E:___________________

Function: _________________
Fungsi

Function: _______________
Fungsi

C:______________________

F: _____________________

Function: _________________
Fungsi

Function: _______________
Fungsi

Diagram 3
Rajah 3

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_____________________________________________________________________________
MODUL BERFOKUS BIOLOGI
JPN PULAU PINANG

Name :_____________________________

Chapter 11 Locomotion And Support

___________________________________________________________________________
ANSWERS
WORKSHEET 11.1 : Locomotion And Support in Humans And Animals
A. Fill in the blank.
1. The ability of an organism to move known as LOCOMOTION
2. A skeletal structure found inside the body of an organism called ENDOSKELETON
3. A skeletal structure found outside the body of an organism called EXOSKELETON
4. The locomotive structures of fish called FINS
5. A body cavity filled with fluid that allows movement known as HYDROSTATIC SKELETON
6. A compound of calcium phosphate that made up the skeletal structure is BONE
B. Complete the following graphic organiser
To search the food

1.

Necessity of
locomotion

Run away from predators

ii) In search of
Search
for the mate
shelter

iii) To run away from


search
for the shelter
predators
iv) Carry out daily
activities
2.
Provide shape and support

State 5 main functions of


skeleton.
For muscle
attachment
i) Enable
movements

Function of
skeletal system

ii) Provide shape and


Protects
internal organs
support

iii) Protects internal


Produces
blood cells
organs

iv) Produces blood


Stores calcium and phosphate

cells

v) Stores calcium
and phosphate

[7 marks]

C. Fill in the mind map of human skeleton.


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_____________________________________________________________________________
MODUL BERFOKUS BIOLOGI
JPN PULAU PINANG

Name :_____________________________

Chapter 11 Locomotion And Support

___________________________________________________________________________
HUMAN
SKELETON
Consists of

P: Axial Skeleton

Pectoral Girdle

-Skull
-Vertebral
Columns

- Scapula
- clavicle

- sternums
- ribs

Appendicular
skeleton

Q: Forelimb

Pelvic Girdle

-Humerus
-Radius
- Ulna
- Carpals
- Metacarpals
- Phalanges

R: Hind limb
-Femur
- Tibia
- patella
- Fibula
- Tarsal
- Metatarsal
- Phalanges

- Ischium
- Ilium
- Pubis

2. Diagram 1 shows the human skeleton. Label the structures A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J and


K.

A: Skull
C: Clavicle
D: Scapula
E: Humerus

B: Vertebral column
H: Ribs

F: Radius
G: Ulna

I: Pelvic girdle

J: Femur
L: Fibula

K: Tibia.

Diagram 1

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_____________________________________________________________________________
MODUL BERFOKUS BIOLOGI
JPN PULAU PINANG

Name :_____________________________

Chapter 11 Locomotion And Support

___________________________________________________________________________
3. Diagram 2 shows a human vertebral column. Label the structures and state the
number of P, Q., R, S and T.

P: Cervical
Total number of vertebrae = 33

12

Q: Thoracic

R: Lumbar
S: Sacral

5
4

T: Coccyx

4. Diagram 3 shows a human lumbar vertebra. Label the structures and state its
function in the box provided.

A: Spinous process
For muscle attachment

D: Vertebral arch
Protects the spinal cord

B: Facets
To articulate or join with another
vertebra

E: Transverse process
For muscle attachment

C: Neural canal
To contain spinal cord

F: Centrum
Gives support and able to
withstand compression force

Diagram 3

_____________________________________________________________________________
MODUL BERFOKUS BIOLOGI
JPN PULAU PINANG

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