You are on page 1of 10

Verbs have their conjugations,which will be explained in the future.

They have
different forms for different situations. Lastly, Japanese is subject object verb.
So the verb is always last depending on the situation.
Lesson one:
It starts off pretty straightforward. It talks about the ability to use desu to say
that something exists. So when someone says genki desu ka, they are asking if
you re well and you can simply reply genki desu. Or genki. So lesson one is
straight forward.

Lesson two:
There are particles. These particles can effect how a sentence is formed. You
have the wa particle that is used to make the subject of the sentence. So when
alice eats an orange. It is You can see is use to show
that she is the subject. You also have the particle in there to show that she is
acting upoon the orange. Next you have mo, this particle is used to include
things. In this example we have alice again.
Here you can see that Bob is also eating the orange. The last particle is
ga and it has a lot of different uses. Ga can be placed after a subject when it is
unknown how many subjects there are. It can be used as the english idea of

but. It has a lot of different uses and it is entirely situational. In


this case, you do not know who this is so ga is used. There are a lot more uses
but there is a lot to cover so that is all we are going over for now.
Lesson three:
Next is adjectives. Adjectives can be used to modify a noun that they are placed
with. With that being said, there are two different kinds of adjectives. I
adjectives and na adjectives. I adjectives end in I and na adjectives you just
have to place na in between them and the nun that they are modifying. You can
also put a subject and an adjective together and that would be just fine. With I
adjectives you do not need to add na when directly modifying a noun.
Lesson four:
Next are verbs. Verbs are basically actions. With verbs you are saying that you
are doing that action. With sentences you can just say a verb and it will mean a
lot of things. . Can mean a lot of things. Taberu means to eat. Depending
on the situation it can mean lets eat, you eat, i eat, he eats, she eats, etc. So
verbs are extremely versatile and must be used properly. There are two types of
verbs. Ru verbs and u verbs. Ru verbs are super dope beceause you just drop
the Ru at the end and then conjugate like a bau5. The easiest way to determine
if a verb is an u verb or ru verb is to check if it ends in Ru, but some u verbs end

in ru. For those, if the vowel sound before it is a, o, or u then it is a u verb. If the
vowel sound before the ru is i or e then it will more than likely be an ru verb.
The rest are ru verbs except the exceptions which are suru and kuru. The verbs
to mean to do.

Lesson five:
Basically it is how to make a verb negative. You can do this by adding -masen at
the end for more positive speak and adding nai for regular speak. . I
did not eat. . There are a lot of different ways in which they change, but
this is all we are covering for now and we will delve deep into it soon.
Lesson six:
This basically just wants to talk about the past form of verbs which we will go
over in the future again. I will make giant charts and shit.
Lesson seven:
More particles. Now we have the particle. This is basically used when you
want to show that something is acting upon that object. So I am eating an
orange. The orange is the object and I am acting on the orange by eating it. So
. Notice that I used boku instead of watashi. In the future
there are different ways of adressing one self and this is less formal. Next you

have particle. You can think of this as meaning or to. So


Which basically says Mr. White went to Japan. The next particles are
and . is used to state the fact that you are going from one thing to
another. So if you are going from america to japan you say You
came from america to Japan. Also can be used to explain up to. The best
example is using time. Like asking what time will a place close.
Basically asks what time does the department store stay open until.
There is also which is mostly used when you are heading towards a place but
you do not know if that is your end goal. Like I am going towards Japan or going
towards victory. You do not know if you will win or if you will actually get to
Japan. Come towards the room. The last particle in this section is
and it can be used as by, or in. He came by bus.
Lesson eight:
Next lesson is about transitive and intransitive verbs. In one case they are verbs
that require something to act upon them and the other is in which there is
nothing acting upon it but it just exists. Like who opened the windows vs why
has the window opened. One implies knowledge that someone or something did
it and the other either seeks to find out or doesnt know completely. Normally

the particle is used for intransitive sentences and verbs because it seeks to
show that it deosnt know what is happening. Transitive can use or normally.
Lesson nine:
You can use state of beings like adjectives. This part I do not feel like I will be
using a lot but I will include anyway. Basically when we mentioned in the
earlier lessons we can now say that someone who is doing well is now sick blah
blah blah. So this one we can skip for now.
Lesson ten:
We have a couple particles in this section. We have the particle, particle,
particle, and the particle. The particle is pretty straightforward. It is
mostly used to denote that one noun belongs to another and can be used to
show ownership. So . basically means my pen. Youcanalsosay
Which basically means chibas disneyland. Pretty
simpleandstraightforward. It can also be used as an explanatory particle in
which is seeks to explain somethinig to someone. Also when using as an
explanatory particle must be used as well. . Basically means Jim is
the one who is busy. Next is the particle. This basically acts like and in the
english languge. Next you have . basically is like but in this case it is
used if you are not sure about what else is in the room and you only know X

amount is in the room. is the same as but it is more colloquial.


Lesson eleven:
To change adjectives into adverbs you just havae to change the I into Ku for I
adjectives and for Na adjectives just use Ni. But the question is, what is an
adverb. An adverb is used to explain an action. I will explain further when I
understand it myself. Last in this section is about and . This are sentence
ending particles. These are mainly used for a couple reasons. is used to imply
that there is new information that the person who is listening did not hear or
understand. looks to seek conformation that the person is listening or
agreement. Like, it is how isnt it? You can combine them to make . can
be used to really stress something. Like you know it is hot right?
Lesson twelve:
This is about the polite form which is what we mostly use anyway. The polite
form is the ending and the conjugations of it. Also the super formal versions
but we will save those for last. There are other verb conjugations for this but it
will also be explained later.
Lesson thirteen:
This lesson is about addressing people and yourself. Here is the quick version.
Almost always use with people that you do not know yet or people who are

above you. In some cases you for your bosses but some people do not
like it that formalanyway.isusedforlessformalsituations.is
usedforsuperchillandlaidbacksituations. For referring to another
person, you rarely use . For the most part, in Japanese the subject is
omitted and if you keep bringing up them then it implies they are too stupid to
keep up with the conversation. is mainly used for close friends. is used
for surnames, last names, or in japanese . Lastly is used for close
friends. is used for kids.
Lesson fourteen:
This lesson is about forming questions or doubt in what you are saying or what
the person is saying. In this section we go over the question particle . This is
basically used as a question mark in Japanese. You can say and that is
perfectly fine. However because Japanese is tonal language you can change the
inflection in your voice and it will imply a question as well. So in these cases
are not really necessary. The next sentences that have in the middle add
doubt into the sentence. As an example . This says I
forgot what I ate yesterday and it implies doubt. The doubt of your knowledge
of what you ate. The last particle we will go over in and it is used to mean

whether or not.So like saying,i do not know whether or not he will be here.
Lesson fifteen:
In this lesson it is mainly about compound sentences. With compound
sentences, they are connecting relative clauses together to make a bigger
sentence. Hence the term compound sentence. You can connect the sentences
using ,, and The difference between and is that
implies that the sentence before it was the cause the sentence after is the
effect. While just puts the two sentences together. is used to mean
because in the english language. Lastly, and can be used to express
contradictions.Then you have that explains multiple state of beings.
meaning despiteWith it says that I did X despite the fact that I did Y. Next
you have which connects multiple actions and states. So example I
watch movies, read books, and take naps.
*Lesson sixteen:
Next is and . These are used to express states in which are
enduring. Or in other words continuous action. So if you are still running or still
doing something. Enduring for the future is and .
*Lesson seventeen:
The next is the potential forms. Which takes the Ru and U verbs and changes

them to expose the fact that they can do something. Ru changes into and
U verbs change to ru. You can just use instead of but this is seen as
slang so it is better to stick with for now. The potential form says that you
can do something without the action actually being performed. Exceptions to
these rules are visible and audible and aru.
*Lesson eighteen:
This lesson I do not know that much about.
Lesson nineteen
Is about conditional situations using the word if. The four particles used in this
section are and With each of these it requires different
conjugations which we will also go over in the future. But
basically put they are used to say if and then. is used when someone
wants to see if there is space. ``by any chance is there room for me`` or ``if
given that there is no time`` this creates situations in which other things can
happen. Or what conditional is by definition.
*Lesson twenty:
In this lesson, it talks about particles that express when things must be done.
The particles being used are , , . can be used by
itself. Both and can be conjugated like I adjectives which is

pretty dope.
Lesson twenty one:
This section is about using the form. The tai form takes whatever verb that
it is attached to and makes it like an offering. If added to tabemasu to make
tabetai it makes so you are offering the person food or asking what the person
wants to eat. Also suggestions can be made us or forms. They simply say
``how about we go to the....``.