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GRAVITAIONAL

Q.1.

An artificial satellite moving in a circular orbit around the earth has a total (kinetic + potential) energy is E0.

Find its potential Energy.

Q.2.

R a small sphere of radius 2R/3 is

removed from an edge as shown in the

figure. Then calculate the ratio of work

done to bring a mass m from P to Q

through POQ and through PLQ ?

(Neglect friction if any)

2R/3

m

P

O

Q.3.

What is the value of acceleration due to gravity at a height equal to the radius of earth from its surface?

Q.4.

A particle is projected from the surface of earth with an initial speed of 4.0 km/s. Find the maximum height

attained by the particle. Radius of earth = 6400 km and g = 9.8 m/s2

Q.5.

A particle is released from one end of a smooth tunnel made along a diameter of a spherical body of mass M

and radius R. Find the speed of the particle when it reaches at the centre of the sphere.

Q.6.

The masses and radii of two fixed bodies are 2M, R and M, 2R . Their centre are at a distance 10 R apart.

What is the minimum speed with which a particle of mass M/10 should be projected from a point, midway

between the two so as to escape to infinite.

Q.7.

Two satellites A and B revolve around a planet in coplanar circular orbit in the same direction with period of

revolutions 1 hour and 8 hours respectively. The radius of satellite A is 104 km then find the angular speed of

B with respect to A ?

Q.8.

on the particle of mass m due to the rod as shown

in the figure?

Q.9.

A missile is launched at an angle of 60 0 to the vertical with a velocity 0.75gR from the surface of the earth

(R is the radius of the earth). Find its maximum height from the surface of earth. (Neglect air resistance and

rotation of earth.)

Q.10. An artificial satellite is moving in a circular orbit around the earth with a speed equal to half the magnitude of

escape velocity from the earth. If the satellite is stopped suddenly in its orbit and allowed to fall freely onto

the earth, find the speed with which it hits the surface of the earth. (RE = 6400 km).

Q.11. Five masses each of magnitude m are kept at the corners

of regular hexagon of side a. Find the gravitational field

at the centre O of the hexagon.

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sphere of mass M and radius R and a rod of mass m and

length placed as shown in the figure.

Q.13. Two binary stars of mass M and M/2 respectively are moving in a circular path about common centre of mass,

due to their mutual gravitational attraction force. If P is the magnitude of linear momentum of mass M, find

the time period of revolution of these stars in terms of P, M & G, where G is gravitational constant.

Q.14. If gravitational attraction between two point masses be given by F = G

m 1m 2

rn

Q.15. Three masses of mass M each are placed on the vertices of an equilateral triangle of side a. Find the value of

mass m that can be placed on the centre of the triangle so that mass m will be in equilibrium. Assume that the

entire system is located in a gravity free space.

Q.16. A particle of mass m is projected from the bottom of

tunnel of depth R/2. Tunnel is inside the earth of radius

R and mass M. Find the minimum velocity with which

particle should be projected, so that it can escape the

earths gravitational field.

R/2

R/2

apart rotate about their centre of mass due to

gravitational attraction. Find time of one rotation.

M

5M

Q.18. A pendulum clock which keeps correct time at the bottom of mountain looses 30 sec. per day when it is taken

to the top of mountain.

Find the height of mountain? (Re = 6400 km.)

Q.19. Two masses 4m and m are separated by a distance d from their centres are revolving about their centre of

mass due to mutual force of attraction. Then determine

(a) ratio of their time periods?

(b) ratio of their kinetic energies ?

(c) ratio of their velocities ?

Q.20. Find the ratio of the gravitational field potential at the centre to that at the surface of a uniform solid sphere?

What is the ratio of the gravitational field intensities at the two points mentioned in above case?

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Q.21. Two concentric shells of masses M1

and M2 are situated as shown in

figure. Find the gravitational field on

a particle of mass m when the particle

is located at

(a) r = a

(b) r = b

(c) r = c

density 2 with centre at C2 a second

sphere is moulded with density 1

radius R and centre C1. Find the force

experienced by a point mass m at

point P at a distance y from the

combination as shown.

M1

b

M2

a

c

P m

y

R

C1

2 C

2

R/2

Q.23. Distance between the centers of two stars is 10 a. The mass of these stars are M and 16M and their radii a and

2a respectively. A body of mass m is fired straight from the surface of the larger star towards the smaller star.

What should be the minimum initial speed to reach the surface of the smaller star.

Q.24. A satellite is put in an orbit just above the earth's atmosphere with a velocity 1.5 time the velocity for a

circular orbit at that height. The initial velocity imported is horizontal. What would be the maximum distance

of the satellite from the surface of the earth when it is in the orbit.

dr

= -a (constant) but keeps its mass

dt

constant. Body is spinning about one of its diameters. If at time t = 0 its spinning angular velocity be 0 and

radius r0, find the angular velocity at time t = T.

Q.26. A point mass m is placed at the centre of a thin spherical shell of mass M and radius r1. Find the amount of

work done by external agent in expanding the spherical shell into a shell of radius r2.

Q.27. The masses and radii of the earth and moon are M1, R1 and M2, R2 respectively. Their centres are at a distance

d apart. What is the minimum speed with which a particle of mass M should be projected from a point

midway between the two so as to escape to infinity?

Q.28. In a double star system stars are (One of mass 'm' and the other '2m') distance 'd' apart and rotate about their

common centre of mass with same angular velocity . Find the ratio of their individual angular momenta and

their individual kinetic energies.

Q.29. Three stars each of mass M and radius R are initially at rest and the distance between centres of any two stars

is d and they form an equilateral triangle. They start moving towards the centroid due to mutual force of

attraction. What are the velocities of the stars just before the collision? Radius of each star is R.

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A

inside a large uniform sphere of radius R.

The sphere removed from large sphere is

placed in front of new sphere as shown. A

particle of mass m is projected from point

C on the larger sphere with velocity v0.

Find the minimum velocity such that

particle escapes.

with a velocity v0 is approaching the Sun

of mass M, with its line of motion at a

distance from the sun, as shown in the

figure. When it gets closest to the Sun i.e.

at P, what will be its distance from the sun

?

R/2

B

R/2

5R

Sun

P

v0

A

(a) at a height equal to half of radius of earth from its surface?

(b) in depth equal to half of radius of earth from its surface?

(c) What is the ratio of acceleration due to gravity in (a) & (b).

Q.33. A solid sphere of uniform density and radius 4m is located with

its centre at the origin O of coordinates. Two spheres of equal

radius 1m with their centres A(-2, 0, 0) and B(2, 0, 0) are taken

out leaving behind spherical cavities as shown in the figure the

mass of each sphere taken is M. Calculate

(a) The gravitational field at B

(b) The gravitational potential at any point on the circle y2+z2=36.

(c) The gravitational potential at any point on the circle y2+z2 = 4.

O B

Q.34

Find the maximum and minimum distances of the planet P from

the sun S if at a certain moment of time it was at the distance r0

and travelled with the velocity v0 with the angle between the

v0

r

0

S

the figure).

Q.35. Two small dense stars rotate about their common centre of mass as a binary system with the period of 1 year

for each. One star is of double the mass of the other and the mass of the lighter one is of (1/3) the mass of the

sun. Given the distance between the earth and the sun is R. If the distance between the two stars is r, then

obtain the relation between r and R.

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Q.36 . There is a fixed solid sphere of mass density and radius R

having spherical cavity of radius R/2 inside it. C is the centre

of cavity as shown in figure. A point object of mass m is

released from point A inside the cavity. Find

(a) time which it will again hit the cavity surface.

(b) position at which it will hit the sphere.

A

m

R/2 300

C

O

Q.37. An artificial satellite is moving in a circular orbit around the earth with a speed equal to half the magnitude of

escape velocity from the earth.

(i) Determine the height of the satellite above the earths surface.

(ii) If the satellite is stopped suddenly in its orbit and allowed to fall freely onto the earth, find the speed with

which it hits the surface of the earth. (g = 9.8 m/s2 and RE = 6400 km).

Q.38. A uniform ring of mass m and radius 'a' is placed directly above a uniform sphere of mass M and of equal

radius. The centre of the ring is at a distance

exerted by the sphere on the ring.

has a speed 1.2 times the speed required for a

circular orbit at that position, (figure). Find

the greatest distance of the comet from the sun

in terms of R1.

Sun

R1

Q.40. A projectile is fired vertically up from the bottom of a crater on the moon. The depth of the crater is

R/100, where R is the radius of the moon. If the initial velocity of the projectile is the same as the

escape velocity from the lunar surface, determine in terms of R, the maximum height attained by

the projectile above the lunar surface.

Q.41. A satellite of m (m < <Me) is revolving around the earth of mass Me in the orbit of radius 3Re, where Re is the

GM

radius of earth. An impulse of magnitude I = m

is given to the satellite in the direction opposite to

12Re

velocity. Find the minimum distance of satellite from earths centre during the subsequent motion of satellite.

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