You are on page 1of 9

Simply Supported (Flange Beam

)
Figure below shows part of the first floor plan of a reinforced concrete office building.
During construction, slabs and beams are cast together. The overall thickness of slab is
125mm and the dimensions of the beams are as given in the diagram. The finishes, ceiling
and services form a characteristic permanent action of 1.5kN/m 2. The characteristic variable
action is 3.0kN/m2. Three meter high brickwall weighing 2.6kN/m2 is placed over the entire
span of all beams. The construction materials consist of Grade C25 concrete and Grade 500
steel reinforcement. For durability consideration a nominal cover of 30mm is required.
Based on the information provided:
a) Calculate the design action carried by beam 2/B-C
b) Sketch the bending moment and shear force diagrams of beam 2/B-C
c) Design the beam for ultimate and serviceability limit states.

1

2
2500
2500

A

3500
3500

3

2000
2000

250 x 500

250 x 500

250 x 600

250 x 500

250 x 600

C

5500
6000

B

250 x 500

1lo 0. fyk ----Unit weight of reinforced concrete ----Nominal cover Assumed: ----Øbar1 ----Øbar2 ----Ølink = 100mm = 1.2b1 + 0. fck ----Characteristic strength of steel.0 BEAM SIZE beff hf h bw bw = 250mm hf = 100mm h = 500mm b1 = 1625mm b2 = 1125mm lo= 6000mm beff.1lo = 915mm 0.2lo = 1200mm beff.5kN/m = 3.0 SPECIFICATION Slab thickness Slab Characteristic actions: ----Finishes etc.1 = 915mm. qk ----Unit weight brick-wall Materials: ----Characteristic strength of concrete.2 = 825mm b = b1 + b2 + bw = 2950mm . beff.1.i = 0.2bi + 0.6kN/m2 = 25N/mm2 = 500N/mm2 = 500N/mm2 = 25kN/m3 = 30mm = 25mm = 12mm = 6mm 2. fyk ----Characteristic strength of link.0kN/m = 2.2lo = 0. ----Variable.

0kN/m2 = 3. = 0.5 = 2.0 (Two-way slab) Shear coefficient. qk Loads on beam 2/B-C 2500 6000 2000 3500 w1 w2 Distribution of load from slabs to beam are as follows: Panel B-C/2-3: Ly/Lx = 6/2.1 = 2.57 .Effective flange width.0 LOADING AND ANALYSIS Loads on slab: Self-weight = 25 x 0. = 0.0kN/m2 Finishes etc.5kN/m2 = 4.0 (One-way slab) Shear coefficient. Characteristic permanent action.5 = 1.71 < 2.4 > 2. beff = = 915 + 825 + 250 = 1990mm < b 3.5kN/m2 = 1.50 Panel B-C/1-2: Ly/Lx = 6/3. gk Characteristic variable action.

1kNm .98kN/m = 5.50 x 3.0 (Brickwall) Gk = 2.99kN/m = 3.00 x 2.5Qk = 46.00 x 2.50 w2 = nLx = 0.6 x 3.1kN Bending Moment.35Gk + 1.28kN/m Qk = 5. V = wdL/2 V = 138.50 Total design load on beam 2/B-C wd=1.57 x 3. M = wdL2/8 M = 207.00 x 3.50 w2 = nLx = 0.50 w3 = 2.74kN/m Characteristic variable load w1 = nLx= 0.25 (0.50 x 4.00 x 3.03kN/m 6m Shear Force.Characteristic permanent load wo = 0.10) x 25 w1 = nLx= 0.8kN/m = 23.03kN/m 46.50kN/m = 7.50-0.57 x 4.00kN/m = 7.75kN/m = 9.

1kNm Mf = 0.20 z = d[0.0013 x 250 x 451.87 x 25 x 0. and max.567 x 25 x 1990 x 100(451.5+ z = 0.5) = 1110mm2 Use: 3H 25 (1473mm2) Min.98 x 451.26(2.98d Area of tension reinforcement As = MEd/0.5hf) MEd < Mf = 451.87fykz = 207.0013bd) = 0.1x106/(1990 x 451.max = 0. As.min = 0.26(fctm/fyk)bd As.04Ac = 0.12 x 25) = 0.5-50) = 1133kNm Neutral axis within the flange No compression reinforcement K = M/bd2fck = 207.567fckbhf(d-0.56/500)bd = 0.5 = 151mm2 = 0.1x106/(0.0 MAIN REINFORCEMENT Effective depth: d = h – Cnom – Ølink – Øbar/2 MEd = 207.0013bd (use 0. reinforcement area.5mm = 0.04 x 250 x 500 = 5000mm2 .4.

7 x 452 = 339mm Minimum links:Asw/s = (0. cotθ=1. S=0.200 Try link H6.5) = 457kN (θ=45.5.max = 0.317=178 mm Use H6-150 Max.0) VEd < VRd.5) = 90kN 138kN 90kN x = (138-90)/46 x = 1. Asw=57mm2 Spacing. Asw = 57mm2 Spacing. cotθ=2.max cotθ=1. spacing.78fykdcot ) = 138.08fck1/2bw)/fyk = (0.200 = 283mm < S Use H6-275 Shear resistance of minimum links Vmin = (Asw/s)(0.36bwdfck(1-fck/250)/(cotθ+tanθ) = 318kN (θ=22. s=57/0.1 x 103/(0.08x251/2x250)/500 = 0.5) = 0.0 Use θ=22.78 x 452 x 500 x 2.78x500x452x2.75d = 0. s = 57/0.0 SHEAR REINFORCEMENT VEd = 138.5 VEd < VRd.5 Shear links Asw/s=VEd/(0.max cotθ=2.05m 90kN 138kN H6-150 H6-275 H6-150 1.317 Try link H6.05m . cotθ=2.1kN Concrete strut capacity VRd.89m 1.05m 3.78dfykcot ) = (57/275)(0.

0013 x 1000 x 100 = 133mm2/m Use H10 – 500 (157mm2/m) .0 Use θ=26.0013 bhf (use 0.87 x 500 x 2.56/500)bhf = 0.max cotθ=1. As. cotθ=2.5.0013 bhf) = 0.50)] x = [(1990 .26(fctm/fyk)bhf = 0.250)/(2 x1990)] = 169kN Longitudinal shear stress ved = Fd/(hf x) = 169x103/(100 x 1500) = 1.13 x 100 / (0.0) = 4.max = 0. sf = 79/0.5(L/2) = 6000/4 = 1500mm The change in moment over distance x from zero moment M = (wL/2)(L/4) – (wL/4)(L/8) = 3wL2/32 The change in longitudinal force.5hf] x [(b-bw)/2b] = (3 x 46 x 6. Asf = 79mm2 Spacing.max cotθ=2.35 x 103/(452 .50N/mm2 (θ=45.0 Transverse shear reinforcement Asf/sf = vedhf/0.13 Try H10.27 x 1.27fctk = 0.0) ved < vRd.13N/mm2 ved > 0.5.4fck(1-fck/250)/( cotθ+tanθ) = 3.02)/32 = 155.48N/mm2 Transverse shear reinforcement is required Concrete strut capacity in the flange ved.0) = 0.13 = 608mm Minimum transverse steel area. x = 0.5 ved < vRd. cotθ=2. cotθ=1.35kNm = [155.87fykcotθ = 1.26(2. Fd = [ M/(d-0.59N/mm2 (θ=26.min = 0.Transverse steel in the flange The longitudinal shear stresses are the greatest over a distance x measured from the point of zero moment.80 = 0.

req = Ftd/0.81) = 14.9 = 483kN As.5Vedcotθ = 0.0 Modification factor for steel area provided =As.33 =15.005 = 0/(250x587) = 0.48 = 171kN Med.req/bd = 1110/(250X452) = 0.0 DEFLECTION Percentage of required tension reinforcement.80 x 1 x 1.8 Modification factor for flange width.5 x 138 x 2.1x106/428. b/bw > 3 = 0.87 x 500) = 393mm2 Use 1H25 (491mm2) 6.010 = (25)1/2x10-3 = 0.7 . Ftd = 0.87fyk = 171x103/(0.0 use equation (2) = 1.Additional longitudinal reinforcement Additional tensile force.5 Therefore allowable span-effective depth ratio =(l/d)allowable =14. =As. K = 1.req/bd Reference reinforcement ratio.80 Modification for span less than 7m = 1. =(fyk)1/2x10-3 Percentage of required compression reinforcement =As’.33 1.81 x 0.req =1473/1110 =1.0(11+3.max/z = 207.prov/As.000 Factor for structural system.

3mm Steel stress.3 (l/d)allowable OK 7. w max = 0. S = [250-2(30)-2(6)-20]/2 = 76. allowable bar spacing =100mm Bar spacing.5mm 100mm (OK) S S 8.Actual span-effective depth =(l/d)actual =6000/451.3 H8-250 3H25 . = 285N/mm2 Max.5 =13.1 2H12 .3 X X-X .0 DETAILING A X B 6000 2H12 .0 CRACKING Limiting crack width.