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IEJCM PUBLICATION

International e-journal of
Commerce and
Management
E-ISSN: 2394-9074
Volume: 1
Issue: 5

2015

IEJCM Publication
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Behind Silverbells School,
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VOLUME NO. 1 (2015), ISSUE NO. 5 (December)


ISSN: 2394-9074
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About the Journal


In this age of Commerce, Economics, Computer & Management and
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where young and budding managers and academicians could express their views
and discuss the problems among their peers. This journal was conceived with this
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This journal has been introduced to give an opportunity for


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the latest in the sphere of research and knowledge. We have taken a small step and
we hope that with the active co-operation of like-minded scholars, we shall be able
to serve the society with our humble efforts.

International e-Journal of Commerce & Management is an open


access peer review Two monthly research journal that publishes articles in the field
commerce & management. The journal serves as a bridge between worldwide
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and practice of business studies by publishing articles of interest to practitioners
and scholars.

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INTERNATIONAL E-JOURNAL OF COMMERCE & MANAGEMENT
A Bi-Monthly Peer Reviewed (Refereed/Juried) Open Access International e-Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories

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VOLUME NO. 1 (2015), ISSUE NO. 5 (December)


ISSN: 2394-9074
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INTERNATIONAL E-JOURNAL OF COMMERCE & MANAGEMENT
A Bi-Monthly Peer Reviewed (Refereed/Juried) Open Access International e-Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories

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VOLUME NO. 1 (2015), ISSUE NO. 5 (December)


ISSN: 2394-9074
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Contents
Sr.
No.

Title and Name of the Authors

Page
no.

A Study On The Role of Services of NGOs In The Dangs District.


1

(1) Dr. Kanaiyalal D.Dave, Associate Prof. Smt. V.P.Kapadia Mahila Arts College
Bhavnagar.
(2) MehulkumarA.Bhatt, Assist .Prof. Govt. College Ahwa, Dangs.

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INTERNATIONAL E-JOURNAL OF COMMERCE & MANAGEMENT
A Bi-Monthly Peer Reviewed (Refereed/Juried) Open Access International e-Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories

http://www.iejcm.co.vu/

VOLUME NO. 1 (2015), ISSUE NO. 5 (December)


ISSN: 2394-9074
_____________________________________________________________________________________

A Study On The Role of Services of NGOs In The Dangs District.


1. Dr. Kanaiyalal D.Dave, Associate Prof. Smt. V.P.Kapadia Mahila Arts College
Bhavnagar.
2. MehulkumarA.Bhatt, Assist .Prof. Govt. College Ahwa, Dangs.

Abstract
Real India resides in rural India. India is a country with a large rural population. The
economy of India is still much more depends on the base of primary sector and its alliance
activities. India is a country having more than six lacks villages. So, the real spirit of India still
lives in rural areas. Nowadays the role of service sector rapidly increased in both of the rural
and urban areas. NGOs services are one among of it and they play the crucial and vital role
for the society especially in a backward and deprived region like the Dangs district. The dang
district is geographically isolated from any other facilitated areas of the Gujarat. Its remote
area and its covered by huge forest and hilly area. So that there is no supportive
environment for medium and large scale industries and thats why the most of population
depends on the agriculture and its alliances activities. In this district there are about 96.4%
population is belonging from tribal caste. The literacy rate is lower in such a community.
They are very backwards in technologies and its utilization. In this paper we are trying to
study the Number of NGOs are working in such an area and their active role in uplift of such
a tribal community by providing various services of this particular deprived area. We also
study of their acceptance among the tribal people and also find the problems faces by NGOs
in providing their services in such a community.
Keywords- Ngos (Non-Governmental Organizations), Tribal, Tribal Development,Uplift.

Introduction
Real India resides in rural India. India is a country with a large rural population. India is a
country having more than six lacks villages. So, the real spirit of India still lives in rural
areas.1 Nowadays the role of service sector rapidly increased in both of the rural and urban
areas. NGOs services are one among of it and they play the crucial and vital role for the
society especially in a backward and deprived region of India.Ngos (Non-Governmental
Organizations) are playing major role in respect of eradication the social evils and also they
are working together with government in many projects like, improving backward areas and
major social problems as well as child labour, tribal development, basic education and
health care, skill development training and employment opportunity etc. NGOs which are
called as third sector played a very important role in rural development during the last four
decades in India.2 They have a greater role and responsibility in the development of
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INTERNATIONAL E-JOURNAL OF COMMERCE & MANAGEMENT
A Bi-Monthly Peer Reviewed (Refereed/Juried) Open Access International e-Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories

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VOLUME NO. 1 (2015), ISSUE NO. 5 (December)


ISSN: 2394-9074
_____________________________________________________________________________________

backward region and people. It is generally a known fact that a few triumphant voluntary
agencies (NGOs) in rural development through their hard labour, perseverance, dedication,
commitment honesty have left their foot print in the rural development in India. The
government and the community have also recognized the input of such NGOs and
enhanced their participation through policy changes and financial support whenever
required.

Brief Introduction of Research Area


The dang district is geographically isolated from any other
facilitated areas of the Gujarat. Its remote area and its covered by huge forest and hilly
area. So that there is no supportive environment for medium and large scale industries and
thats why the most of population depends on the agriculture and its alliances activities. In
this district there are about 96.4% population is belonging from tribal caste.3The literacy
rate is lower in such a community. They are very backwards in technologies and its
utilization. Their principle occupations are farming, livestock, hunting, horticulture, pottery,
handicrafts and other retail trade and services. The culture of the community depends on
the forest therefore they much more depend on traditional occupation. They engaged with
forest, farm and its alliance activities. The community is derived from development and also
neglected due to poverty, illiteracy, superstitions and old customs even they contribute
significantly in the development of state and nation. This area remains isolated and
backwards with their geography, customs, forest, low levels of training, skills and
technologies. Ahwa, Waghai and Subir are the three talukas of this district. While the Ahwa
is the main place of this district. (Annual Report, (2013-14), "District Panchayat OfficeDangs".)4
Need for the study
The dang district is geographically isolated from any other facilitated
areas of the Gujarat. Its remote area and its covered by huge forest and hilly area. The local
tribal community of this area is very backward and subaltern in most of the sector of
development. So that here some of the NGO's actively work for their uplift but they faces
some of the problems and challenges into providing services. Thus, this study will help us in
understanding the activities of NGOs and their problems and also helpful for suggests some
valuable suggestions for demolished it.

Objectives of the study


1. To find out the number of working NGOs and their activities of the research area.
2. To find out the caste wise contribution in NGOs employee.
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INTERNATIONAL E-JOURNAL OF COMMERCE & MANAGEMENT
A Bi-Monthly Peer Reviewed (Refereed/Juried) Open Access International e-Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories

http://www.iejcm.co.vu/

VOLUME NO. 1 (2015), ISSUE NO. 5 (December)


ISSN: 2394-9074
_____________________________________________________________________________________

3. To find out the sex wise contribution in NGOs employee.


4. To find out the problems against the NGOs in expanding and providing their services.
5. To suggest some valuable suggestions regarding this study.

Method of data collection


Primary as well as secondary data were collected for the study. Primary data was collected
through personal interviews with the help of scheduled questionnaires were conducted and
gathered the data. Secondary data includes articles and research paper in journal, related
books and websites.

Universal and sampling


All 11 NGOs management or employee of different NGOs were taken as the universal of
this study. While 02 of each NGOs management or employee respectively selected as a
sample for easy analyses purpose. (Total management or employee samples -22)
Techniques of data analysis
For the purpose of easy understanding percentage (%) statistical tool is used for analyzing
respondents response.
Limitation of the study
This study was done in some limited time period and financial cost. Thus this study tried to
check out only the activities and Problems against The NGOs of limited area of research.
This study was prepared on the base of the responses provided by limited number of
samples of the research. The findings of this study covered only for particular area of this
study. So its findings may be valid for that particular area but not for the universal.

Analysis and interpretation


The present study is focused to study the number of NGOs and their activities for tribal
uplift at the one side and the other side NGOs faces some of the problems intoproviding
servicesto the tribal people. The study conducted 22 respondents of NGOs management
(employee).Here is the detailed analysis of the collected data.

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INTERNATIONAL E-JOURNAL OF COMMERCE & MANAGEMENT
A Bi-Monthly Peer Reviewed (Refereed/Juried) Open Access International e-Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories

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VOLUME NO. 1 (2015), ISSUE NO. 5 (December)


ISSN: 2394-9074
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Table -1
NGOs and their activity
NO.
1

Name of NGOs
AGAKHAN

ROVADAN

DHRUVA BAIF

4
5

DEEPSHILA
TRUST
MUMBAI
DANG HILL COUNCIL

WORLD VISION WAGHAI

HELP A CHILD OF INDIA


AHWA
NAVJIVAN

8
9
10
11

EKLAVYA
RESIDENTIAL
SCHOOL
VEDANTA
ENGLISH
MEDIUM SCHOOL
PRAYOSHA

Activity Area
Dang rural development, to provide skill training for
established own cottage and small scale industries for
livelihood, SHGs,Water and land conservation,to
increase awareness of Government Schemes among the
tribal community.
Organizing Health checkup camp, Demolished
Malnutrition, to provide Nursing training and placement,
Agricultural assist and scientific guidance for ladies
finger, strawberry, pineapple, onion crops,to Provide skill
development training of tailoring and weaving for
Women.
To provide Training and employment in their own nut
(kaju) processing industry.
Promoting the SHGs (Self Help Groups) for alleviation
poverty.
Working through different organizations and centers to
create awareness among the people in especially health
sector. (its activity area limited only for dang district)
Agricultural assist and scientific guidance, Awareness
and protecting of child right and any other alleged social
activities.
To increase Awareness and protecting of child right and
demolished malnutrition among children.
To provide hostel facility for Promoting child education
and
To provide school, hostel, lodges, uniform and books for
promote the education.
To provide school for promoting the English medium
education among the child.
To demolished superstitions among the children and
society and develop scientific approach among them and
also promoting the knowledge of science and technology
among the students.

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INTERNATIONAL E-JOURNAL OF COMMERCE & MANAGEMENT
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VOLUME NO. 1 (2015), ISSUE NO. 5 (December)


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Analyses data collection of the NGOs management respondents.

Table -2
Caste wise classification of the NGOs management respondents.
Cast
General
OBC
SC
ST
Total

Frequency
06
06
03
07
22

Percentage (%)
27.28
27.28
13.63
31.81
100.00 %

Table- 3
Sex wise classification of the NGOs management respondents.
Sex
Male
Female
Total

Frequency
08
14
22

Percentage (%)
36.36
63.64
100.00 %

Table-4
Problems Faced by The NGOs management and Employee
Problems Faced by The NGOs management and Employee
(1) poor infrastructure facilities at the region
(2) absence of the advertisement cost
3. shortage of skillful employee
4. lack of internet and other communication connectivity
5. rainy weather
6. insecurity in jobs
7. people participation is too less
8. people superstitions are the main barriers in
expanding the services of NGOs

Frequency
18
14
08
19
13
20
17
12

Percentage (%)
81.81
63.64
36.36
86.36
59.09
90.90
77.27
54.54

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INTERNATIONAL E-JOURNAL OF COMMERCE & MANAGEMENT
A Bi-Monthly Peer Reviewed (Refereed/Juried) Open Access International e-Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories

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VOLUME NO. 1 (2015), ISSUE NO. 5 (December)


ISSN: 2394-9074
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Major Findings
(1) Table -2 indicates that the most of the 31.81% employee of different NGOs are belongs
from the tribal caste.
(2) Table-3 indicates the most of 63.64% employee are female.
(3) According to 81.81% respondents that they are facing the poor infrastructure facilities
at their working region. (Table-4).
(4) According to 63.64% respondents that they have felt that the absence of the
advertisement cost is responsible for unawareness about the NGOs and their services
to the tribal community of the interior parts of this region. (Table-4).
(5) According to 36.36% respondents that they have shortage of skillful employee in their
NGOs. (Table-4).
(6) According to 86.36% respondents that they have face the problems of poor
connectivity of internet and telecommunication services in this region. (Table-4).
(7) According to 59.09% respondents that they have faces a lot due to the long and severe
rainy season at this region. (Table-4).
(8) According to 90.90% respondents that they feel very worried about the insecurity of
their jobs. (Table-4).
(9) According to 77.27% respondents that they felt sorry for less people participation in
their services due to absence of literacy and awareness. (Table-4).
(10) According to 54.54% respondents that they believed that people superstitions are
the main barriers in expanding the services of NGOs. (Table-4).

Suggestions
-

Need to improve and expand the healthy infrastructure at this region.


Need to improve the quality frequency for internet and telecommunication
enhancement.
Need to improve skill training for employee and management.
Need to improve literacy standard of tribal people.
Need to expand advertisement cost for awareness about the NGOs services in
interior region.
Need to establish healthy and trustful relationship with such a community for
winning their trust and get them confidence and hope for better tomorrow.
Need to increased women participation in such a region.
Need to remove the superstitions and old belief among the tribal community.
Need to develop the scientific approaches among the tribal people.
Need to provide secure job for NGOs employee.

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A Bi-Monthly Peer Reviewed (Refereed/Juried) Open Access International e-Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories

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VOLUME NO. 1 (2015), ISSUE NO. 5 (December)


ISSN: 2394-9074
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CONCLUSION
The NGOs play vital and crucial role in uplift of weaker section of the society and also in
rural development. But in this particular deprived and forest area they felt major obstacles
in providing their valuable services to the poor tribal people. So that its essential need to
demolish it as early as possible but its duties for our society to support them. So
Government, organizations, leaders, and society must work together to motivate the NGOs
services and to make them more empower and independent for the tribal welfare.

References
1. NiranjanaBabu, H.S. and Deepu B.(2014): Problems Faced by Rural women
entrepreneurs in India: A Case Study of Mysore District. National seminar on rural
development and inclusivegrowth: Linkage and applications. (pp 224- 233).
2. Balraj, M. and Sowmya. (2014): Role of NGOs in uplift of tribal- A Study on
Vivekananda girijakalyan Kendra (VGKK) B.R.Hills. National seminar on rural
development and inclusive growth: Linkage and applications. (pp 276-283).
3. Dandakaranya.(January-2013): Dang District CollectorOffice, (pp-15).
4. Statistical data of the dangs district.(2012-13), District Panchayat- Ahwa.
5. http://www. Akdn.org>akf
6. http://www.indiamapped.com
7. http://www.indianngos.org

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