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1) Nobody came to ask us for permission, says, father of girl, 13, who died after trail

No one told the parents of 13-year old sarita kudumula that the teenager was involved in a
medical study. (the independent, 14/11/11, p.4)
noun phrase [Nobody(noun)]
verb phrase [ came(verb) to(to infinitive) ask(verb) us(pronoun)]
prepositional phrase [ for(preposition) permission(noun)]
verb phrase [ says(verb), father(noun) of(preposition) girl(noun), 13,]
noun phrase [ who(relative pronoun)]
verb phrase [ died(verb) after(preposition) trail(noun)]
Nobody: noun, is the subject of the verb, other nouns can take its place (john came to ask
us..) (* hit/the/tall came to ask us)
Came: verb, other verbs will take its place ( nobody tried to ask us) (*nobody john/high/the
to ask us)
Ask: verb, comes after to infinitive and other verbs will take its place. (he came to hit him)
(*he came to john/tall him)
Permission: noun, a preposition precedes it and will allow plural s permissions.
Says: verb, because of position, (reports, the father of the girl)
Father: noun, will take plural s and determiners the father
Girl: noun, will allow plural s and determiners the girl
Died: verb, -ed- ending denoting past tense.
Trail: noun, will take plural s and determiners the trial
Closed class words left out: (the) father of (the) girl, 13, who died after (the) trail

2) fears over curbs on witnesses at leveson inquiry


The leveson inquiry into press standards formally starts today amid concern witnesses with
incendiary evidence will have their statements curtailed.
Noun phrase [Fears(noun)]
Prepositional phrase [over(prep) curbs(noun)]
Prepositional phrase [ on(prep) witnesses(noun)]

Prepositional phrase [ at(prep) leveson(noun) inquiry(noun)]


Fears: noun, has plural s and will allow determiners (the fears)
Curbs: noun, has plural s, proceeds a preposition.
Witnesses: has plural s, will take determiners the witnesses and proceeds a preposition.
Leveson: noun, name of a person like john, however, it is acting as a adjective in this context
(the controversial inquiry)
Inquiry: will take plural s and determiner the inquiry
Closed class words left out: (the) fears over curbs on (the) witnesses at leveson inquiry

3) Millions suffer 'home fever' as allergy epidemic begins to bite

They are the spider-like creatures eager for your warmth and a bed for the night. They remain
invisible to the naked eye. And millions of them may already have taken up residence in your
home.
Noun phrase [Millions(noun)]
verb phrase[suffer(verb) 'home(noun) fever(noun)']
prepositional phrase [as(perp) allergy(noun) epidemic(noun)]
verb phrase [begins(verb) to(to infinitive) bite(verb)]
Millions: noun, has pural s and is the subject of the verb.
Suffer: verb, because of position ( million catch home fever) (* millions john home fever)
Home: noun, can be pluralised homes
Fever: noun, because of position ( do you have a fever/book?) (*do you have a running?)
Allergy: can be pluralised allergies, however, here it is acting as an adjective.
Epidemic: noun, a determiner can be placed before in the epidemic, it is modified by an
adjective.
Begins: verb. Because of position (the epidemic starts to bite) (*the epidemic john to bite)
Closed class words left out: (the) epidemic begins to bite

4) Church could have first women bishops by 2014

The consecration of women as Church of England bishops is all but


inevitable after a vote count across the country found overwhelming
support for what is often described as "shattering the stained glass
ceiling".
Noun phrase [Church (noun)]
Verb phrase [could (verb) have (verb)
Noun phrase [first(adjective) women(noun) bishops (noun) by(prep) 2014]

Church: noun, can be pluralised churches and can have determiner a church
Could : modal verb
Have: verb, can be replaced by other verbs (could appoint first women bishop) (*could
john/man first women)
First: adjective, it is pre modifying a noun
Women: noun, it is the plural of woman, however, in this context it is used as an adjective.
Bishops: noun, it is pre modified by adjectives and it is plural of bishop.
Closed class words left out: (the) Church could have (the) first women bishops by 2014