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Comprehensive guide for gas behaviour in Chemistry - Physicaal Chmistry

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41.

42.

43.

44.

connected each other using a long glass tube,

with negligible volume. Initially both bulbs

containing an ideal gas and bulb A is at T1 and

bulb B is at T2 temperature. Common pressure

of both bulbs is P. If both bulbs attains to

room temperature, T without changing the

volume of the bulbs, new common pressure of

bulbs,

(1) (T/2){(P/T1)+(P/T2)}

(2) (2/T){(P/T1)+(P/T2)}

45.

(3) P/(T1 + T2)

(4) P/T x (T1 + T2)

(5) 2PT(T1 + T2)

Two vessels with equal volumes are connected

each other using a capillary tube and they

contain, dry gas with P pressure and at

absolute temperature T1. If absolute

temperature of one vessel was increased to T2

, what is the new pressure?

46.

(1) (PT2/T1)

(2) PT1/(T1+T2)

(3) PT2/(T1+T2)

(4) 2PT1/(T1+T2)

(5) 2PT2/(T1+T2)

P bulb contains an ideal gas with pressure 5 x

105 Pa, at 300 K temperature. P was joined

with Q which has four times more volume

than P, using a thin tube. Q contains an

47.

identical ideal gas with pressure 105 Pa , at

400 K. After connecting bulbs, common

pressure of the system is Y x 105 Pa. What is

the value of P?

(1) 1.0

(2) 1.8

(3) 2.0

(4) 2.6

(5) 3.2

Two bulbs having 200 cm3 and 100 cm3

volume respectively, are connected using a

short tube with porous insulator plug. This

plug allows to have equal pressure inside

booth bulbs, but do not allow to have equal

temperature in both bulbs. Initially both bulbs 48.

are filled with N2 at 27oC and 760 mmHg

pressure. Small bulb was immersed in a

freezing mixture at -73oC. Large bulb was

kept on hearth at 127oC. Which of the

following gives the final pressure of the

system?(mmHg) (Assume that expansion of

bulbs is negligible)

Yomal Amarathunge

127

73

400

760

200

1 200 400

760 (

+

)

2 300 300

1 200 2 400

760(

+

)

3 300 3 300

760

(1) 760

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

contain N number of molecules. Pressure of

the gas sample is 60 Pa, when temperature is

400 K. Another sample of the same gas has a

pressure of 30 PA, at 300 K temperature.

Number of gas molecules in the second gas

sample,

(1) 2N/3

(2) 3N/4

(3) N/3

(4) 3N/2

(5) 4N

A, B, C and D are identical vessels with unit

volume in the same temperature. Volume of

the vessel E at the same temperature is four

units. A, B, C and D vessels contain O2, N2,

CO2 and air respectively. Their pressures are

2, 4, 2.5 and 3.5 Hgcm respectively. If all the

above were put in to E, pressure in E(Hgcm)

(1) 3

(2) 3.5

(3) 12

(4) 46

(5) 2

A, B and C vessels contain 3 gases which do

not react each other. Mass of gases in A, B and

C are m1, m2 and m3 respectively number of

moles are n1, n2 and n3 respectively. Pressure

of gases in A, B and C are p1, p2 and p3

respectively. If all the gases were put in to A,

the new pressure inside A,

(1) p1 + p2 + p3

(2) (p1 + p2 + p3) / 3

(3) 3(p1 + p2 + p3)

(4) (n1p1 + n2p2 + n3p3) / (n1 + n2 + n3)

(5) (m1p1 + m2p2 + m3p3) / (m1 + m2 + m3)

Pressure exerted within 2V volume, when

Oxygen of V volume and P pressure mixed

within 2V volume, with Hydrogen of 2V

volume and P/2 pressure,(Assume that gases

do not react and temperatures are same.)

(1) P / 2

(2) 2P

(3) 3P/2

(4) 2P / 3

(5) P

Gas Bahaviour

49.

molecules. Mixture contains other gases too.

What is correct of the following?

(1) Partial pressures of H2 and N2 are equal.

(2) Total mass of H2 is equal to that of N2.

(3) Pressure due to N2 increase rapidly than H2

if temperature was increased at constant

pressure.

(4) As H2 molecules have low mass , they

have high speeds, while their influence to final

pressure is high as they collide rapidly each 55.

other.

(5) None of the above.

(2) A measurement related to the momentum

of gas molecules.

(3) A measurement related to the mass of gas

molecules.

(4) A measurement related to the potential

energy of gas molecules.

(5) A measurement related to the number of

collisions of gas molecules per second.

50.

temperature T, molecular mass M and

universal gas constant measured in JK-1mol-1

is R. PM/ RT gives

(1) Density of gas

(2) Mass of gas

(3) Volume of gas

(4) Avogadro number

(5) 1/ volume of gas

kinetic molecular theory, to explain the

behaviour of an ideal gas?

(A) Intermolecular forces are negligible.

(B) Time taken to a molecular collision is

negligible with respective to the difference of

time between two collisions.

(C) All the molecules move in random motion

with same speed.

(1) Only A

(2) Only B

(3) A and B only

(4) B and C only

(5) All the above

51.

pressure 600 kPa. Identical cylinder called B

contains the same ideal at pressure 200 kPa.

Both cylinders are at same temperature.

Density of gas in A

Density of gas in B

is equals to

(1) 1 / 2

(2) 1

(3) 2

(4) 3

(5) 3

kinetic molecular theory?

(A) Gas molecules are point masses.

(B) Gas molecules have negligible masses and

volumes.

(C) There are no collisions between gas

molecules.

(1) Only A

(2) Only B

(3) A and B only

(4) B and C only

(5) A and C only

52.

57.

pressures of air are P1 and P2 and absolute

temperatures are T1 and T2 respectively.

Ratio density of air at top to the density of air

at bottom of the mountain is,

(1) P1T1 / P2T2

(2) P2T2 / P1T1

(3) P1T2 / P2T1

(4) P2T1 / P1T2

(5) 1

53.

zero.

(A) It's temperature in which the kinetic

energy of mono atomic ideal gas become zero.

(B) It's the temperature in which the kinetic

energy of an ideal gas become zero.

58.

(C) It's the temperature of universe.

assumption of kinetic molecular theory?

(1) All the gas molecules are in random

motion, while having collisions with each

other and with the walls of the vessel.

(2) All the molecules move with the same

speed.

(3) Molecules behave as perfectly elastic

spheres.

(4) There are no forces act on molecules,

except at collisions.

(5) Volume of molecules is negligible with

respective to the distance between molecules.

54.

(1) A measurement related to the kinetic

Yomal Amarathunge

decrease the pressure inside the bell jar than

atmospheric pressure. What of the following

differences will occur within the remaining

amount of gas, if temperature remain

Gas Bahaviour

constant?

64.

(1) Average speed of molecules decrease

(2) Average momentum of molecules increase

(3) Average kinetic energy of molecules

increase

(4) Average value of number of collisions per

second decrease.

(5) There is no influence on behaviour of

molecules.

65.

59.

60.

gas is

(1) the average of the sum of the velocities

(2) the square root of the average of velocities

(3) the sum of the square roots of velocities

(4) the square root of the sum of the square of

velocities.

(5 ) the sum of the average of the square of

velocities

66.

Density of Oxygen at S.T.P is 1.48 gl-1. What

is the square mean velocity of molecules?

(m2s-2)

763

1.01105

(1)

(2)

1.48

1.48

5

1.01310

7613610 23

(3)

(4)

67.

1.48

1.48103

5

10127310

(5)

3

1.4810

61.

temperature in which it's root mean square

velocity becomes double?

(1) 103oC

(2) 273oC

(3) 819oC

(4) 1092oC

(5) 2000oC

62.

decreased to P /2 from P by cooling. What is

the new root mean square velocity , if it's

value is C initially.

(1) C / 4

(2) C / 2

(3) C / 2

(4) 2C

(5) 2C

63.

pressure is V. If temperature was increased so 69.

as it's root mean square velocity becomes four

times, new volume of gas,

(1) V / 2

(2) V / 2

(3) 2V

(4) 2V

(5) 4V

Yomal Amarathunge

Oxygen are 1 and 16 respectively. If root

mean square velocity of Hydrogen at 300 K is

1930 ms-1, what is the root mean square

velocity of Oxygen molecules at 1200 K?

(1) 482.5ms-1 (2) 965ms-1 (3) 1930ms-1

(4) 3860ms-1 (5) 8720ms-1

Certain vessel contain a sample of an ideal

gas. By doubling following factors, what

factor makes the maximum increase of

pressure?

(1) Thermodynamic temperature of the gas

(2) Mass of the gas

(3) Number of gas molecules

(4) Volume of the vessel

(5) Root mean square velocity of gas

molecules

A vessel contains a gas under P pressure. If

number of molecules of the gas halved and

root mean square velocity doubled, pressure

of the gas,

(1) P / 4

(2) P / 2

(3) P

(4) 2P

(5) 4P

Constant number molecules of an ideal gas is

present within a box. If volume of the box was

doubled by connecting an identical box,

(A) Temperature of the gas remain constant.

(B) Pressure becomes half of it's initial value.

(C) Total kinetic energy of gas molecules

becomes half of it's initial value.

Which of the above is/ are correct?

(1) A

(2) A and B (C) B and

C

(4) A and C (5) A, B and C

Average kinetic energy of a mole of an ideal

gas at absolute temperature T, is E = 3RT/2. If

pressure of a unit mass of gas is doubled at

constant volume, E changes by

(1) one times

(2) two times

(3) four times

(4) six times

(5) eight times

If pressure of a fixed mass of an ideal gas is

doubled at constant volume, kinetic energy of

a gas molecule changes by a factor of,

(1)1

(2) 1/2

(3) 2

(4) 3

(5) 4

Gas Bahaviour

70.

mass of an ideal gas is K. It is found that, it's

pressure decrease by three times , when it is

allowed to expand to increase the volume by

two times. New kinetic energy of the gas,

(1) K / 6

(2) 2K / 3

(3) 3K / 2

(4) K

(5) 6K

71.

gas at 27oC (J) ? (R = 8.3 Jmol-1K-1)

3

2 8.3

8.327

(1)

(2)

2

3 300

3

2 300

8.3300

(3)

(4)

2

3 8.3

3 8.3

(5)

2 27

72.

a closed vessel at 27oC, doubles at (oC)

(1) 54

(2) 273

(3) 300

(4) 327

(5) 600

73.

increased from 27oC to 127oC, that factor in

which the average kinetic energy increase is

(1) 127 / 27 (2) (127 / 27)1/2

(3) 4 / 3

(4) (4 / 3)1/2 (5) 16 / 9

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