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UNIFIED COUNCIL

A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION - 2015 (UPDATED)


Paper Code: UN415
Solutions for Class : 11 (PCM)
7.

Mathematics
1.

* c = 3, m = tan 45o = 1

q=

y = mx + c
y=x+3
2.

) According to the given condition 2b = a + c,

2pr
and b2 q2 = (ap) (cr)
p+r

Substituting values of b and q from first two


expressions in the last expression, we get

) Number of even places = 3,


Number of vowels = 2

(a + c)2 2pr

= (ac)(pr)
4 p+r

Number of arrangements = P2 4!
3

= 6 24 = 144.
3.

* A + C = B tan (A + C) = tan

tan A + tanC
= tan B
1 tan A tan C

tan A + tan C = tan B tan A tan B tan C

8.

tan A tan B tan C = tan B tan A tan C


4.

(a + c)2 (p + r)
ac
pr

a c p r
+ = + .
c a r p

* a b, c > 0

a b is either +ve or 0 and c is


positive

, We have 2n+10 = 2.22 + 3.23 + 4.24 + . . . + n.2n

2(2n+10) = 2.22 + 3.23 + . . . + (n 1).2n


|n.2n+1

(a b) c is either +ve or 0.
ac bc 0.

Subtracting, we get 2n+10


9.

= 2.22 + 23 + 24 + . . . + 2n n.2n+1

+ x2 + 10x + 11 = k
B2 4AC 0 100 4(11 k) 0

8(2n 2 1)
=8+
n.2 n +1
2 1

25 11 + k 0

= 8 + 2n+1 8 n.2n+1 = 2n+1 (n)2n+1

k 14

2 = 2n 2 n = 513.

x2 + 10x + 11 = 14

10

5.

* n(A B) = Number of even prime numbers


= 1.

6.

, Point of intersection of given lines is (6, 7)

x2 + 10x + 25 = 0
(x + 5)2 = 0
x = 5

Required distance

At x = 5 the function will have a


minimum value of (14).

= (6 2)2 + (7 3)2 = 32 = 4 2.
10.

+ When A and B are finite sets then


n( A B ) = n(A) n(B)

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11.

* The number of triangles that can be formed


by using the vertices of a regular polygon is
n
C3. That is, Tn = nC3

17.

(x 0, and y 0)
or (x 0 and y 0)

Now x 0, y 0 represents the first


quadrant and x 0, y 0 represents the
third quadrant.

C3 nC3 = 21

n+1

C2 + C3 C3 = 21
n

nC2 = 21 = 7C2
n=7
* (cos + sin )2 + (cos sin )2 = 2

(cos + sin ) + 2 sin = 2


2

18.

* Clearly, x can have any value


i.e., < x < .

19.

* + =

+

Cr1, mCr, mCr+1, are in A.P.

b c
b
x2 + x +

a
a

mCr1 + mCr+1 = 2 . mCr

C r 1
+
m
Cr

b
c
, =
a
a

Required equation is x2 ( + + ) x +
(+ ) = 0

cos + sin = 2 cos


13.

xy 0

Now, Tn+1 Tn = 21
n

12.

)

C r +1
=2
Cr

c
= 0
a

a2x2 + a(b c)x bc = 0.

20.

) Given tan A = 4/3, A is in the III quadrant


5 sin 2A + 3 sin A + 4 cos A

r
r +1
+
=2
m r +1 m r

= 5 (2 sin A cos A) + 3 sin A + 4 cos A

r(m r) + (r + 1)(m r + 1)

4 3
4
3
= 10 + 3 + 4
5 5
5
5

= 2(m r + 1)(m r)

m2 m(4r + 1) + 4r2 = 2.
14.

* |x|< 1 1 < x < 1; |x 1| 1

x 1 1 or x 1 1

x 0 or x 2
A B = {x : 1 < x < 1 or x 0 or x 2}
= {x : x < 1 or x 2}.

21.

a = 5, b = 4.
N y
+ =1
5 4

2r + 3 + r 3 = 18

3r = 18 r = 6.

) Sum of the coefficients = b c + c a + a


b = 0 1 is a root

22.

+ { , { }, {{ }}, A}

23.

) (3, 4) bisects the part between the axes

x-intercept = 2(3) = 6,

Roots are equal Both the roots are equal


to 1 Product of the roots = 1

+ Coefficient of (2r + 4)th term = 18C2r+3

18C2r+3 = 18Cr3

4x + 5y = 20.
16.

Coefficient of (2r + 4)th term = Coefficient of


(r 2)th term

) a + b = 9, ab = 20, a > b

Equation of the line is

Coefficient of (r 2)th term = 18Cr3

D = R (A B) = {x : 1 x < 2}
15.

24 12 12

= 0.
5
5
5

y-intercept = 2(4) = 8.

ab
=1 ab=bc
bc

The required equation is

a, b, c are in A.P.

4x 3y = 24

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N y
+ =1
6 8

24.

, 1 + 2 +22 + . . . n terms > 1000

31.

1(2 n 1)
> 1000
2 1

20Cr1 : 20Cr = 1 : 2

2n 1 > 1000 2n > 1000

210 > 1001 > 29


)

r = 7.

Number of diagonals of a polygon of n sides


= 275

32.

n(n 3)/2 = 275

(x, y) B A

n = 25

27.

A B and B A are disjoint.

1 1
1
+ +...+
,
t1 t2
t 2003

33.

=2

1 2 3
+ +
+ ... +
4 8 16

1
1
1 1 1 1
= 4 + + . . . +

2005 2006
3 4 4 5

S=

1 2 3
+ +
+...
4 8 16

1 4 2003 4006
1
= 4
.
=
=
3 2006 3 2006 3009

1
1 2
+...
S= +
2
8 16

Subtracting,

) ii = (e i / 2 )i

Hence value is 21 = 2.

+ Sum of the roots = product of the roots


34.

From P draw PM AB. Then M is midpoint


of AB.

* A + 8.14P7 = 15P8 = 14P8 + 8.14P7

AM = MB = PM = 2

A = 14P8.
30.

Since a diagonal is parallel to y = x, its sides


are parallel to the coordinates axes.

tan
2
2
2

) Let ABCD be the square


Point of intersection of the diagonals is the
centre P(3, 7).

4k = 8 k = 2.

* tan

1
1 1 1
1
+ . . . = (G.P.)
S= + +
2
4 8 16
2

S = 1.

k 3 3k 5

= 2 k + 3 = 3k 5
2

29.

* 21/4.41/8.81/16 . . .

1
1
1

= 4
+
+...+
2005 2006
3.4 4.5

= e / 2
28.

, If (x, y) A B, then x A and y B

x B and y A (3 A and B are disjoint)

n(n 3) = 550 = 25 22

26.

r
1
=
21 r 2

2r = 21 r

Least value of n is 10.


25.

* The ratio of Coefficient of rth term and


(r + 1)th term = 1 : 2

M(3, 5) A(1, 5), B(5, 5), C(5, 9), D(1, 9).


2

tan ( / 2) tan ( / 2)
=3
1 tan 2 ( / 2) tan 2 ( / 2)

1 cos 1 cos

= 1 + cos 1 + cos
1 cos 1 cos
.
1 + cos 1 + cos
=

2(cos cos )
2(cos + cos )

cos (1 cos )
cos (1 + cos )

= tan 2 .
2

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35.

* Given an+1 an = 3n2 + n,

40.

Then by putting n = 0, 1, 2, . . . , n 1

+ cot + tan =

we get a1 a0 = 0 (1),
a2 a1 = 3.12 + 1 (2),

cos sin
4
=
+
sin cos
3

cos 2 + sin 2
4
=
sin cos
3

2
4
=
sin 2
3

(1) + (2) + . . . + (n) an a0


= 3 (n 1)2 + (n 1)

an 1 =
=

(n 1) n (2n 1) (n 1) n
+
2
2

2=

an = n n + 1.
3

36.

* 3 1 + + 2 = 0

1 + + 2

41.

1 + = A + B
A = 1, B = 1

56 + 3(2) = 8

) Interatomic forces are of electric origin.


They are attractive if the separation
between them is greater than normal
distance and are repulsive if the distance
between them is less than normal distance.

43.

* Total energy at the time of projection

The required equ. is x2 ( + ) x + = 0


x2 + 2x 8 = 0

* (1 + x)m = 1 + mx +

m(m 1) 2
x + ....
12

1
1
m v2 =
0.1 (20)2 = 20 J.
2
2

Half way up, P.E. becomes half the P.E. at


the top.

1
m(m 1) 2
x = x2
8
2

m=

1 2
t

42.

= 8

39.

, =

= 2 rad s2

6 = 48

,

.
6

1200 2 600 2

=
rad s1/10 s
60
60

, + = 2 3 + 3 + 3( + ) = 8

38.

Physics

(1 + )7 = 14 = 2 = A + B

37.

3
2

sin 2 =

n (n 1) (2n 1 + 1)
= n3 n2
2

a3 a2 = 3.22 + 2 (3), . . .
an an1 = 3 (n 1)2 + (n 1) (n)

1
2

i.e. P.E. =

20
= 10 J
2

K.E. = 20 10 = 10 J
44.

, Unit of Plancks constant is joule second.

45.

* Below the sea level the pressure is


increasing with depth in mine due to
presence of atmosphere air there. The
acceleration due to gravity below the
surface of the earth decreases with the
distance from the surface of the earth, as

g' = g 1

R
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46.

+ Applying work-energy theorem,

55.

work done by all the forces = change in


kinetic energy.
Wmg + Wair =
Wair

The ball travels in the opposite direction


after exerting force. So velocity is negative.

1
mv2
2

Impulse = F t = m(vu)
= 0.2 [10 20] = 6 N s

1
= mv2 Wmg
2

Negative sign shows that the force exerted


is in a direction opposite to the direction of
initial velocity.

1
mv2 mgh
2

1
5 (10)2 (5) (10) (20)
2

Driving force =
56.

Decrease in kinetic energy = work done


against friction

3 +10 = 109 km/h

48.

, Surface tension of a liquid is due to force of


attraction between like molecules of a liquid
i.e. cohesive force between the molecules.

49.

* According to Newtons first law of motion,


the velocity of apple when dropped is equal
to the velocity of train at that instant. As
the velocity of train is decreasing but
velocity of apple remains unchanged, the
apple will fall ahead of his brother in the
direction of motion of the train.

50.

51.

1
1
mu2 mv2 = frictional force distance
2
2
travelled
1
1
(0.015)(300)2 (0.015)(0)2
2
2

= F (0.03)
F= 22 500 N
57.

+ Isothermal compression is reversible. The


reverse is isothermal expansion. Heat
required in this process is gained from the
surroundings.
+

(2 2)+(3) (3) + (5)(4) + (5)(2) = 43 m


Total time taken is 15 s Hence,

1 l

T
1 g
100 = 100 +
100
2 l

T
2 g

Average speed =

58.

+ g = GM/(6400)2 and

2
* es =

2GM e
4
1 8
= 2G R 3 = GR 2 .
R
3
R 3

When radius R becomes 2R, es will become


4 times. It will be = 22 km s1

6400
4

=
g ' /g =
6400 + 3200
9

54.

Total distance 43
=
Total time
15

= 2.87 m s1

g ' = GM / 6400 + 3200)2

53.

) Distance = speed time


Total distance =

1
1
= 1 + 2 = 1.5%
2
2
52.

+ 15 g = 0.015 kg. 3 cm = 0.03 m


input energy - output energy

* Rel. vel. of rain w.r.t. man


2

Impulse
6
= 120 N.
=
time
0.05

Due to the conservation of energy,

= 750 J
47.

) m = 200 gm = 0.2 kg, u = 20 m s1 ,


v = 10 m s1

59.

, Centripetal force required for negotiating


the curve is M v 2/R. When velocity is
doubled, centripetal force required is
quadrupled.

, In isothermal process, T = 0


U=0
U = constant

, Dipole moment = (charge) (distance)


Electric flux = (electric field) (area)

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60.

+ l = 3.230 m, b = 1.49 m

68.

thickness h = 1.99 cm = 0.0199 m

H2(g) + Cl2(g) 2HCl(g)

Total surface area = 2(lb + lh + bh)

Formation of 2 moles of HCl gas releases


184.6 kJ of heat to the surroundings

= 2[3.230 1.49 + 3.230 0.0199 +


1.49 0.0199] =

184.6 5.67
= 523 kJ of heat to the
2

= 4.906628 2 = 9.81 m2

surroundings. So H for the formation of


5.67 moles of HCl gas is 523 kJ.

Volume = l b h
= 3.230 1.49 0.0199
= 0.09577 m
) Y =

69.

+ H2O exhibits higher boiling point because


of intermolecular hydrogen bonding.

70.

) O.N. of Cr in K2Cr2O7 is

FL
L
or L = 2
r
r 2 L

2 (+1) + 2x (2 7) = 0 or x = + 6
Similarly, O.N. of Cr in K2CrO4 is

Here L/r2 is maximum when L = 40 cm and


r = 0.20 mm as compared to other cases.
62.

2 (+1) + x (2 4) = 0 or x = + 6.

* Momentum is given by :

71.

, X-rays and microwaves (in fact, all


electromagnetic waves) travel with the
velocity of light.

72.

+ Thiophene contains S in addition to C-atoms


in the ring and hence is not a carbocyclic
but is a heterocyclic compound.

73.

* Non-polar molecules have momentary


dipole-induced dipole, i.e., dispersive
interactions.

74.

) In CO and CO2, the two elements combining


are C and O to form two compounds.

75.

, Both hydrogen and alkali metals are


liberated at the cathode when their halides
are electrolysed. Thus hydrogen resembles
alkali metals.

76.

, From Lithium to Caesium stabilities of


peroxide and superoxides increases due to
high lattice energy. CsO2 is the most stable
superoxide.

77.

XXV 2NH
) N2 + 3H2 WXX
3
2
1
3

p = mv
if p = constant
mv = constant
v = constant

63.

+ Average velocity


=

64.

displacemet 2r 2 40
=
=
= 2 m/s
time
t
40

T 2 R 2g
* h =
4 2

1/3

( 24 60 60 )2 6.4 10 6

4 ( 22 / 7 )

9.8

1/3

6.4 106
= 3.6 107 m = 36000 km
65.

2
2
=
, =
rad/s
T 12 60 60

Partial pressure at 725 K

rad/s
6 60 60

(P )
Q =
(P )(P )
2

NH3

N2

, Half the nuclear distance between two


covalently bonded chlorine atoms is its

H2

3 3
= 4.5 atm2
2(1)3

Q c > K c net reaction goes in backward


direction.

covalent radius 1.98/2 = 0.99 A .


67.

Chemistry
66.

H = 184.6 kJ

Formation of 5.67 moles of HCl gas releases

= 4.8127 + 0.064277 + 0.029651

61.

* According to equation

78.

* Benzene-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6-hexol

+ Magnalium contains Al = 95% and Mg = 5%.

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79.

XXV H (g) + I (g), is


* The reaction, 2HI(g) WXX
2
2
XXV
reverse of the reaction, H2(g) + I2(g) WXX
2HI(g). So, the equilibrium constant of the
former is reciprocal of the latter.

85.

86.

XXV H (g) + I (g)


K(2HI(g) WXX
2
2

80.

So,

+ H2O2 decomposes into water and oxygen in


presence of light.

82.

+ Empirical formula is CH4

>

88.

, The thermal stabilities of the hydrides of


carbon family decrease down the group as
is evident from their thermal dissociation
temperatures:
CH4

SiH4

GeH4

SnH4

PbH4

723 K

558 K

423 K

273 K

1073 K

% Mass

75

25

AH

12

6.25

25

Thus plumbane (PbH4) gives H2 even at 273


K and hence has the maximum reducing
character while CH4 decomposes only at a
very high temperature (1073 K) and hence
has the least reducing character.

Divide by smallest ratio

89.

+ W = P(V2 V1)

) P d and also P T.

= 105 Nm2 (102 103)m3

Hence, P d T

= 105 102 (1 0.1)Nm

P1 d 1 T1
or P = d T
2
2
2

= 0.9 103 Nm
= 0.9 103 J = the 0.9 kJ
90.

1 2
= =1.
2 1
84.

% Mass/AH

83.

>

* Electronegativity decreases down a group


but increases across a period but remains
almost same along a diagonal. Therefore
atoms A and Y have little difference in their
electronegativities and hence AY bond is
least polar.

Bleaching powder
Bleaching powder is a mixed salt of calcium
hypochlorite, CaOCl 2 and basic calcium
chloride, CaCl2 . Ca(OH)2 . H2O

87.

+ Ca(OH)2 + Cl2 CaOCl2 + H2O

81.

) More negative or less positive is the value


of the standard reduction potential, greater
is the reducing power of the metal, Here,
3.03 V < 1.18 V < 0.52 V

1
=
= 0.02
=
48
XXV 2HI(g)
K H2 (g) + I2 (g) WXX

c 3 10 8 m s 1
=
v 589 10 9 m

= 5.1 1014 s1 (or Hz)

Therefore,

) c = v or =

+ A liquid which is immiscible to water and


has a vapour pressure of 10 15 mm of Hg
at 373 K can be conveniently purified by
steam distillation.

+ During Na fusion, N of organic compound


is converted into CN , but not to
NO3.S is converted to S2 and to CNS, if
both N and S are present.

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