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# UNIFIED COUNCIL

A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

## NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION - 2015 (UPDATED)

Paper Code: UN415
Solutions for Class : 11 (PCM)
7.

Mathematics
1.

q=

y = mx + c
y=x+3
2.

## ) According to the given condition 2b = a + c,

2pr
and b2 q2 = (ap) (cr)
p+r

## Substituting values of b and q from first two

expressions in the last expression, we get

## ) Number of even places = 3,

Number of vowels = 2

(a + c)2 2pr

= (ac)(pr)
4 p+r

Number of arrangements = P2 4!
3

= 6 24 = 144.
3.

tan A + tanC
= tan B
1 tan A tan C

8.

4.

(a + c)2 (p + r)
ac
pr

a c p r
+ = + .
c a r p

* a b, c > 0

positive

## 2(2n+10) = 2.22 + 3.23 + . . . + (n 1).2n

|n.2n+1

(a b) c is either +ve or 0.
ac bc 0.

## Subtracting, we get 2n+10

9.

= 2.22 + 23 + 24 + . . . + 2n n.2n+1

+ x2 + 10x + 11 = k
B2 4AC 0 100 4(11 k) 0

8(2n 2 1)
=8+
n.2 n +1
2 1

25 11 + k 0

## = 8 + 2n+1 8 n.2n+1 = 2n+1 (n)2n+1

k 14

2 = 2n 2 n = 513.

x2 + 10x + 11 = 14

10

5.

= 1.

6.

## , Point of intersection of given lines is (6, 7)

x2 + 10x + 25 = 0
(x + 5)2 = 0
x = 5

Required distance

## At x = 5 the function will have a

minimum value of (14).

= (6 2)2 + (7 3)2 = 32 = 4 2.
10.

## + When A and B are finite sets then

n( A B ) = n(A) n(B)

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11.

## * The number of triangles that can be formed

by using the vertices of a regular polygon is
n
C3. That is, Tn = nC3

17.

(x 0, and y 0)
or (x 0 and y 0)

## Now x 0, y 0 represents the first

quadrant and x 0, y 0 represents the

C3 nC3 = 21

n+1

C2 + C3 C3 = 21
n

nC2 = 21 = 7C2
n=7
* (cos + sin )2 + (cos sin )2 = 2

2

18.

i.e., < x < .

19.

* + =

+

b c
b
x2 + x +

a
a

## mCr1 + mCr+1 = 2 . mCr

C r 1
+
m
Cr

b
c
, =
a
a

Required equation is x2 ( + + ) x +
(+ ) = 0

## cos + sin = 2 cos

13.

xy 0

Now, Tn+1 Tn = 21
n

12.

)

C r +1
=2
Cr

c
= 0
a

20.

## ) Given tan A = 4/3, A is in the III quadrant

5 sin 2A + 3 sin A + 4 cos A

r
r +1
+
=2
m r +1 m r

## = 5 (2 sin A cos A) + 3 sin A + 4 cos A

r(m r) + (r + 1)(m r + 1)

4 3
4
3
= 10 + 3 + 4
5 5
5
5

= 2(m r + 1)(m r)

m2 m(4r + 1) + 4r2 = 2.
14.

## * |x|< 1 1 < x < 1; |x 1| 1

x 1 1 or x 1 1

x 0 or x 2
A B = {x : 1 < x < 1 or x 0 or x 2}
= {x : x < 1 or x 2}.

21.

a = 5, b = 4.
N y
+ =1
5 4

2r + 3 + r 3 = 18

3r = 18 r = 6.

## ) Sum of the coefficients = b c + c a + a

b = 0 1 is a root

22.

+ { , { }, {{ }}, A}

23.

## ) (3, 4) bisects the part between the axes

x-intercept = 2(3) = 6,

## Roots are equal Both the roots are equal

to 1 Product of the roots = 1

18C2r+3 = 18Cr3

4x + 5y = 20.
16.

(r 2)th term

## Coefficient of (r 2)th term = 18Cr3

D = R (A B) = {x : 1 x < 2}
15.

24 12 12

= 0.
5
5
5

y-intercept = 2(4) = 8.

ab
=1 ab=bc
bc

## The required equation is

a, b, c are in A.P.

4x 3y = 24

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N y
+ =1
6 8

24.

## , 1 + 2 +22 + . . . n terms > 1000

31.

1(2 n 1)
> 1000
2 1

20Cr1 : 20Cr = 1 : 2

)

r = 7.

= 275

32.

(x, y) B A

n = 25

27.

## A B and B A are disjoint.

1 1
1
+ +...+
,
t1 t2
t 2003

33.

=2

1 2 3
+ +
+ ... +
4 8 16

1
1
1 1 1 1
= 4 + + . . . +

2005 2006
3 4 4 5

S=

1 2 3
+ +
+...
4 8 16

1 4 2003 4006
1
= 4
.
=
=
3 2006 3 2006 3009

1
1 2
+...
S= +
2
8 16

Subtracting,

) ii = (e i / 2 )i

Hence value is 21 = 2.

34.

of AB.

AM = MB = PM = 2

A = 14P8.
30.

## Since a diagonal is parallel to y = x, its sides

are parallel to the coordinates axes.

tan
2
2
2

## ) Let ABCD be the square

Point of intersection of the diagonals is the
centre P(3, 7).

4k = 8 k = 2.

* tan

1
1 1 1
1
+ . . . = (G.P.)
S= + +
2
4 8 16
2

S = 1.

k 3 3k 5

= 2 k + 3 = 3k 5
2

29.

* 21/4.41/8.81/16 . . .

1
1
1

= 4
+
+...+
2005 2006
3.4 4.5

= e / 2
28.

## x B and y A (3 A and B are disjoint)

n(n 3) = 550 = 25 22

26.

r
1
=
21 r 2

2r = 21 r

25.

## * The ratio of Coefficient of rth term and

(r + 1)th term = 1 : 2

## M(3, 5) A(1, 5), B(5, 5), C(5, 9), D(1, 9).

2

tan ( / 2) tan ( / 2)
=3
1 tan 2 ( / 2) tan 2 ( / 2)

1 cos 1 cos

= 1 + cos 1 + cos
1 cos 1 cos
.
1 + cos 1 + cos
=

2(cos cos )
2(cos + cos )

cos (1 cos )
cos (1 + cos )

= tan 2 .
2

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35.

## * Given an+1 an = 3n2 + n,

40.

Then by putting n = 0, 1, 2, . . . , n 1

## + cot + tan =

we get a1 a0 = 0 (1),
a2 a1 = 3.12 + 1 (2),

cos sin
4
=
+
sin cos
3

cos 2 + sin 2
4
=
sin cos
3

2
4
=
sin 2
3

## (1) + (2) + . . . + (n) an a0

= 3 (n 1)2 + (n 1)

an 1 =
=

(n 1) n (2n 1) (n 1) n
+
2
2

2=

an = n n + 1.
3

36.

* 3 1 + + 2 = 0

1 + + 2

41.

1 + = A + B
A = 1, B = 1

56 + 3(2) = 8

## ) Interatomic forces are of electric origin.

They are attractive if the separation
between them is greater than normal
distance and are repulsive if the distance
between them is less than normal distance.

43.

## The required equ. is x2 ( + ) x + = 0

x2 + 2x 8 = 0

* (1 + x)m = 1 + mx +

m(m 1) 2
x + ....
12

1
1
m v2 =
0.1 (20)2 = 20 J.
2
2

## Half way up, P.E. becomes half the P.E. at

the top.

1
m(m 1) 2
x = x2
8
2

m=

1 2
t

42.

= 8

39.

, =

6 = 48

,

.
6

1200 2 600 2

=
60
60

, + = 2 3 + 3 + 3( + ) = 8

38.

Physics

(1 + )7 = 14 = 2 = A + B

37.

3
2

sin 2 =

n (n 1) (2n 1 + 1)
= n3 n2
2

a3 a2 = 3.22 + 2 (3), . . .
an an1 = 3 (n 1)2 + (n 1) (n)

1
2

i.e. P.E. =

20
= 10 J
2

K.E. = 20 10 = 10 J
44.

45.

## * Below the sea level the pressure is

increasing with depth in mine due to
presence of atmosphere air there. The
acceleration due to gravity below the
surface of the earth decreases with the
distance from the surface of the earth, as

g' = g 1

R
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46.

55.

kinetic energy.
Wmg + Wair =
Wair

## The ball travels in the opposite direction

after exerting force. So velocity is negative.

1
mv2
2

Impulse = F t = m(vu)
= 0.2 [10 20] = 6 N s

1
= mv2 Wmg
2

## Negative sign shows that the force exerted

is in a direction opposite to the direction of
initial velocity.

1
mv2 mgh
2

1
5 (10)2 (5) (10) (20)
2

Driving force =
56.

against friction

48.

## , Surface tension of a liquid is due to force of

attraction between like molecules of a liquid
i.e. cohesive force between the molecules.

49.

## * According to Newtons first law of motion,

the velocity of apple when dropped is equal
to the velocity of train at that instant. As
the velocity of train is decreasing but
velocity of apple remains unchanged, the
apple will fall ahead of his brother in the
direction of motion of the train.

50.

51.

1
1
mu2 mv2 = frictional force distance
2
2
travelled
1
1
(0.015)(300)2 (0.015)(0)2
2
2

= F (0.03)
F= 22 500 N
57.

## + Isothermal compression is reversible. The

reverse is isothermal expansion. Heat
required in this process is gained from the
surroundings.
+

## (2 2)+(3) (3) + (5)(4) + (5)(2) = 43 m

Total time taken is 15 s Hence,

1 l

T
1 g
100 = 100 +
100
2 l

T
2 g

Average speed =

58.

## + g = GM/(6400)2 and

2
* es =

2GM e
4
1 8
= 2G R 3 = GR 2 .
R
3
R 3

## When radius R becomes 2R, es will become

4 times. It will be = 22 km s1

6400
4

=
g ' /g =
6400 + 3200
9

54.

Total distance 43
=
Total time
15

= 2.87 m s1

53.

Total distance =

1
1
= 1 + 2 = 1.5%
2
2
52.

## + 15 g = 0.015 kg. 3 cm = 0.03 m

input energy - output energy

2

Impulse
6
= 120 N.
=
time
0.05

= 750 J
47.

v = 10 m s1

59.

## , Centripetal force required for negotiating

the curve is M v 2/R. When velocity is
doubled, centripetal force required is

U=0
U = constant

## , Dipole moment = (charge) (distance)

Electric flux = (electric field) (area)

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60.

68.

## Formation of 2 moles of HCl gas releases

184.6 kJ of heat to the surroundings

## = 2[3.230 1.49 + 3.230 0.0199 +

1.49 0.0199] =

184.6 5.67
= 523 kJ of heat to the
2

= 4.906628 2 = 9.81 m2

## surroundings. So H for the formation of

5.67 moles of HCl gas is 523 kJ.

Volume = l b h
= 3.230 1.49 0.0199
= 0.09577 m
) Y =

69.

## + H2O exhibits higher boiling point because

of intermolecular hydrogen bonding.

70.

## ) O.N. of Cr in K2Cr2O7 is

FL
L
or L = 2
r
r 2 L

2 (+1) + 2x (2 7) = 0 or x = + 6
Similarly, O.N. of Cr in K2CrO4 is

## Here L/r2 is maximum when L = 40 cm and

r = 0.20 mm as compared to other cases.
62.

2 (+1) + x (2 4) = 0 or x = + 6.

71.

## , X-rays and microwaves (in fact, all

electromagnetic waves) travel with the
velocity of light.

72.

## + Thiophene contains S in addition to C-atoms

in the ring and hence is not a carbocyclic
but is a heterocyclic compound.

73.

## * Non-polar molecules have momentary

dipole-induced dipole, i.e., dispersive
interactions.

74.

## ) In CO and CO2, the two elements combining

are C and O to form two compounds.

75.

## , Both hydrogen and alkali metals are

liberated at the cathode when their halides
are electrolysed. Thus hydrogen resembles
alkali metals.

76.

## , From Lithium to Caesium stabilities of

peroxide and superoxides increases due to
high lattice energy. CsO2 is the most stable
superoxide.

77.

XXV 2NH
) N2 + 3H2 WXX
3
2
1
3

p = mv
if p = constant
mv = constant
v = constant

63.

## + Average velocity

=

64.

displacemet 2r 2 40
=
=
= 2 m/s
time
t
40

T 2 R 2g
* h =
4 2

1/3

( 24 60 60 )2 6.4 10 6

4 ( 22 / 7 )

9.8

1/3

6.4 106
= 3.6 107 m = 36000 km
65.

2
2
=
, =
T 12 60 60

6 60 60

(P )
Q =
(P )(P )
2

NH3

N2

## , Half the nuclear distance between two

covalently bonded chlorine atoms is its

H2

3 3
= 4.5 atm2
2(1)3

direction.

67.

Chemistry
66.

H = 184.6 kJ

61.

78.

## + Magnalium contains Al = 95% and Mg = 5%.

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79.

## XXV H (g) + I (g), is

* The reaction, 2HI(g) WXX
2
2
XXV
reverse of the reaction, H2(g) + I2(g) WXX
2HI(g). So, the equilibrium constant of the
former is reciprocal of the latter.

85.

86.

K(2HI(g) WXX
2
2

80.

So,

## + H2O2 decomposes into water and oxygen in

presence of light.

82.

>

88.

## , The thermal stabilities of the hydrides of

carbon family decrease down the group as
is evident from their thermal dissociation
temperatures:
CH4

SiH4

GeH4

SnH4

PbH4

723 K

558 K

423 K

273 K

1073 K

% Mass

75

25

AH

12

6.25

25

## Thus plumbane (PbH4) gives H2 even at 273

K and hence has the maximum reducing
character while CH4 decomposes only at a
very high temperature (1073 K) and hence
has the least reducing character.

89.

Hence, P d T

## = 105 102 (1 0.1)Nm

P1 d 1 T1
or P = d T
2
2
2

= 0.9 103 Nm
= 0.9 103 J = the 0.9 kJ
90.

1 2
= =1.
2 1
84.

% Mass/AH

83.

>

## * Electronegativity decreases down a group

but increases across a period but remains
almost same along a diagonal. Therefore
atoms A and Y have little difference in their
electronegativities and hence AY bond is
least polar.

Bleaching powder
Bleaching powder is a mixed salt of calcium
hypochlorite, CaOCl 2 and basic calcium
chloride, CaCl2 . Ca(OH)2 . H2O

87.

81.

## ) More negative or less positive is the value

of the standard reduction potential, greater
is the reducing power of the metal, Here,
3.03 V < 1.18 V < 0.52 V

1
=
= 0.02
=
48
XXV 2HI(g)
K H2 (g) + I2 (g) WXX

c 3 10 8 m s 1
=
v 589 10 9 m

Therefore,

) c = v or =

## + A liquid which is immiscible to water and

has a vapour pressure of 10 15 mm of Hg
at 373 K can be conveniently purified by
steam distillation.

## + During Na fusion, N of organic compound

is converted into CN , but not to
NO3.S is converted to S2 and to CNS, if
both N and S are present.

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