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Advanced Focus Season 1


Ab geht's mit Prfixen!

German
English
Vocabulary
Grammar Points

2
2
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German
Ich reise morgen nach Istanbul.
Ich reise morgen ab.
Ich habe die ganze Stadt nach dir abgesucht!

English
I'm travelling to Istanbul tomorrow.
I'm leaving tomorrow.
I looked for you all over the city!

Vocabulary

German
abreisen
abfliegen

English
to travel away
to fly away, start flying

verb
verb

abheben
abholen

to take off, lift off


to pick up

verb
ver

abschalten
abschlieen
abtrocknen

to switch off, power off


to lock up; conclude
to dry

verb
verb
verb

abschneiden

to cut off

verb

abfhren
absuchen
abgehen

verb
verb
verb

abmessen

to lead away, lead off


to scour, search all over
to walk and cover every
spot
to measure precisely

abbilden
Abdruck

to copy, map something


imprint, cast

verb
noun

LC: AFS1_L1_052209 www.GermanPod101 - All Rights Reserved 2009-05-22

verb

Notes
"ab" splits off
er fliegt ab, er flog ab, er
ist abgeflogen
"ab" splits off
splitting verb (ich hole
ab)
ab splits off; weak verb
can be reflexive; weak
verb; ab splits off
er schneidet ab, er schnitt
ab, er hat abgeschnitten
"ab" splits off
"ab" splits off
er geht ab, er ging ab, er
ist abgegangen
er misst ab, er ma ab, er
hat abgemessen
"ab" splits off
masculine; plural:
Abdrcke

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Vocabulary Sample Sentences

Ich reise morgen ab.


I'm leaving tomorrow. / I'm travelling tomorrow.
Wann fliegt ihr ab?
When does the flight take off?
Ich mchte mein Paket abholen.
I would like to pick up my package.
Schalt doch endlich mal dieses langweilige
Will you please finally turn of that boring
Programm ab.
programm?
Manche Dinge wollen einfach kein Ende nehmen, Some things just seem to never end, no matter how
egal wie gern man mit ihnen abschlieen mchte. desperate one wishes to conclude them.
Auch wenn ich wei, dass es schlecht ist, vergesse Even though I know it is bad, I still forget to look
ich trotzdem von Zeit zu Zeit die Tr hinter mir
up the door behind me from time to time.
abzuschlieen.
Ich trockne das Geschirr ab.
I'll dry the dishes.
An Karneval werden den Mnnern die Krawatten On Karneval, the men have their ties cut off.
abgeschnitten.
Die Polizei fhrte den Verdchtigen ab.
The police lead off the suspect.
Ich habe die ganze Stadt nach dir abgesucht!
I scoured the whole city for you!
Lass uns den Park noch einmal abgehen, vielleicht Let's walk across the park once more, maybe we'll
finden wir deine Ohrenringe noch!
find your earrings after all!
Hast du schon 275 Gramm Mehl abgemessen? Das Have you already measured 275 grams of flour?
brauchen wir noch fr den Teig.
We need that for the dough.
Dieses Modell bildet die rmischen Ruinen genau This model is an exact representation of the Roman
ab.
ruins.
Der Zahnarzt nahm einen Abdruck meiner Zhne, The dentist took an imprint of my teeth in order to
um die Zahnspange anfertigen zu knnen.
be able to create the braces.

Grammar Points
The focus of this lesson is the prefix abIch reise morgen ab.
"I'm leaving tomorrow."

ab- is a separable prefix (one that splits off). It has two fields of meaning:
1. a movement away from here, as in "abfliegen" (to fly away), "abreisen" (to travel away),
"abschneiden" (to cut off), "abfhren" (to lead away)
2. relating to every single square centimeter of an area, as in "absuchen" (to scour), "abgehen" (to

LC: AFS1_L1_052209 www.GermanPod101 - All Rights Reserved 2009-05-22

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walk and cover every spot), "abmessen" (to measure precisely), "abbilden" (to copy / map something)
and "Abdruck" (imprint or cast)

LC: AFS1_L1_052209 www.GermanPod101 - All Rights Reserved 2009-05-22


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