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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol. 2, Issue 07, 2014 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

An Experimental investigation on strengths characteristics of concrete with the partial replacement of Cement by Marble Powder dust and Sand by Stone dust

Md Mahboob Ali 1 Prof. S. M. Hashmi 2 1 PG Student 1,2 Department of Civil Engineering 1,2 K.B.N Engineering College, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India

AbstractThe present work is directed towards developing a better understanding on strengths characteristics of concrete using as a partial replacement of cement by marble dust powder and sand by stone dust. The Dissertation work is carried out with M 30 grade concrete for which the marble powder is replaced by 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% by weight of cement. For all the mixes compressive, flexural and split tensile strengths are determined at different days of curing apart from this the beams were casted and tested under flexural, the load and deflection are noted simultaneously and also the crack pattern were observed. In addition to this, sand is replaced with stone dust (SD) by 10%, 20% and 30% along with cement is replaced with MP by 0%, 10% and 20% by weight for M 30 grades of concrete. Only 3 cubes were casted for various percentage replacements of sand with SD and cement with MP for 7days and 28 days compressive strength. The results of the present investigation indicate that marble dusts incorporation results insignificant improvements in the compressive, flexural and split tensile strengths of concrete and The load carrying capacity of RMP RCC beams {mix2 and mix3} is more compared to RCC conventional beams up to 10% of replacement and also for stone dusts and marble dust incorporation results insignificant improvements in the compressive strengths of concrete up to 20% of SD and 10% of MP of replacement. Keywords: RMP, MP, SD, compressive, flexural and split tensile strengths, workability

is capable of improving hardened concrete performance up to 10%.

II.

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • A. Study has been conducted by Prof. P.A. Shirule et al

Described the feasibility of using the marble sludge dust in concrete production as partial replacement of cement. 3

cubes and 3 cylinders were casted for 7 days and 28 days. Final strength of cubes and cylinders were examined after 7 days and 28 days of curing. They conducted the tests using compression testing machine to test the compressive strength of cubes and split tensile strength of cylinders. The materials like, Portland Pozzolona cement of Birla gold 53 grade conforming to IS 269-1976 and IS 4031-1968 were adopted in this work. The aggregate used in this project is mainly basalt rock which comes under normal weight category and sand giving good workability. Marble powder was collected from the dressing and processing unit in Jalgaon. It was initially in wet form (i.e. slurry); after that it is dried by exposing in the sun and finally sieved by IS-90 micron sieve before mixing in concrete. They concluded that the optimum percentage for replacement of marble powder with cement is almost 10% cement for both cubes and cylinders. Hence a simple step to minimize the costs for construction with usage of marble powder which is freely or cheaply available. [1]

B. Study has been conducted by Mohammad S. Al-Juhani
B.
Study has been conducted by Mohammad S. Al-Juhani

et al

I.

INTRODUCTION

Proposed a gainful utilization of waste marble powder as a part substitute of limestone in a cement plant. This research

It is generally known that, the fundamental requirement for making concrete structures is to produce good quality concrete. Good quality concrete is produced by carefully mixing cement, water, and fine and coarse aggregate and combining admixtures as needed to obtain the optimum product in quality and economy for any use. Waste marble powder is generated as a by-product during cutting of marble. The waste is approximately in the range of 20% of the total marble handled. The amount of waste marble powder generated at the site every year is in the range of 250-400 tones. The advancement of concrete technology can reduce the consumption of natural resources, energy sources and lessen the burden of pollutants on environment. This project describes the feasibility of using the marble powder in concrete production as partial replacement of cement by weight. In INDIA, the marble processing is one of the most thriving industry. The effects of marble powder on properties of fresh and hardened concrete have been investigated. Test results show that this industrial bi-Product

describes attempts to define the compositions of waste- based mixtures and the corresponding processing conditions suitable to the production powder based cements. Also, this study assesses the properties of the final product after incorporating waste marble powder, Waste Marble Powder specimens. The raw material was provided by a local company and then these materials were milled and sieved

through 75μm sieve size and conducted tests on Sieve

analysis, compressive test. In conclusion, it was found that the Waste Marble specimens were found to contain the expected cementitious phases and a good agreement was

obtained between the characterizations techniques used. Test results show that this WMP based cement is capable of improving hardened concrete performance up to 16%, enhancing fresh concrete behaviour. [2]

  • C. V.M shelke Prof. P.Y.pawde et al

To study the influence of partial replacement of cement with marble powder, and to compare it with the compressive strength of ordinary M30 concrete. and also trying to find the percentage of marble powder & silica fume replaced in concrete that makes the strength of the concrete maximum.

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360

An Experimental investigation on strengths characteristics of concrete with the partial replacement of Cement by Marble Powder dust and Sand by Stone dust (IJSRD/Vol. 2/Issue 07/2014/081)

Now a day’s marble powder has become a pollutant. So, by

2) Fine Aggregate

partially replacing cement with marble powder, and proposing a method that can be of great use in reducing

pollution to a great extent. In this investigation a series of compression tests were conducted on 150mm, cube and 150mm x 300mm, cylindrical specimens using a modified test method that gave the complete compressive strength, using silica fume of constant 8% with and without marble powder of volume fractions 0, 8, 12, & 16% on Ordinary Portland cement concrete. [3]

The source for fine aggregate used is from natural river bed,

the details regarding test conducted on it are as given in table 2 and table 3 below

I.S . Sie Weig Cumul Cumul Cumul Corre ve ht ative tive ative Corre cted siz
I.S
.
Sie
Weig
Cumul
Cumul
Cumul
Corre
ve
ht
ative
tive
ative
Corre
cted
siz
retai
wt
percen
%
ction
weigh
e
ned
retaine
age w
passin
D.
A Study has been conducted by Hanifi Binici et al
t
in
(gm)
d
retaine
g
(2007)
m
found that marble dust concrete has higher compressive
strength than that of the corresponding lime stone dust
concrete having equal w/c and mix proportion. The results
indicated that the Marble dust concrete would probably have
lower water permeability than the lime stone concrete.
m
4.7
25
+0.5
25.5
25.5 2.55
97.45
5
2.3
29
+0.58
29.58
55.08 5.508
94.50
Typically, concrete made with marble dust obtained during
polishing and cutting of marble in factories will attain higher
strength than conventional concrete for 28 days curing
period. Marble waste concrete is also expected to be equally
durable compared to conventional concrete. Marble waste
when used in concrete increases the amount of water
required to produce given slump, this may be due to
increased surface area in dust compared to sand. The overall
workability value of marble dust concrete is less compared
to conventional concrete. [4]
6
1.1
213.1
26.82
209
+4.18
268.26
73.18
8
8
6
60
323.3
317
+6.34
591.60
59.16
40.84
0
4
30
350
+7.0
357 948.60
94.86
5.16
0
15
50
+1.0
51.0 999.6
99.96
0.04
E.
Points Observed from the Literature Review
0
The optimum percentage for replacement of marble powder
with cement and it is almost 10% cement for both cubes and
Table 2: Sieve analysis of fine aggregate
cylinders and a simple step to minimize the costs for
construction with usage of marble powder which is freely or
cheaply available. Waste marble powder based cement is
capable of improving hardened concrete performance up to
16%, enhancing fresh concrete behaviour.
Fineness modulus of fine
agg
Cumulative % wt retained /
100
Fineness modulus
288.86/100=2.88
Specific gravity
2.64
Water absorption
1%
III.
EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM
Silt or clay content
Bulk density
0.5%
A.
Materials
1) Cement
Ultra-tech (OPC 53 grade) cement from a single batch is
used throughout the course of project work. The properties
of the cement used are shown in the Table 1 below
Grading
1700 kg/m 3
well graded (zone II)
Table 3: Properties of Fine Aggregate
Sl. No.
Properties
Chart Result
3) Coarse Aggregate (C.A)
The coarse aggregate used in this investigation is 20mm
1.
Specific Gravity
3.10
down size crushed aggregate and angular in shape. the
details regarding test conducted on it are as given in table 4
Setting time in minutes
and table 5 below
2.
Initial setting time
Final setting time
130min.
Cumulati
IS.
195min.
Weight
Cumulati
ve
Cumulati
Sieve
retaine
ve wt
percentag
ve %
Soundness: By-Le Chatrlier
3.
Size(m
0.5mm
d (gm)
retained
e wt
passing
m)
retained
4.
Normal consistency
29.7%
63
0
0
0 100
Compressive Strength
28 days
40
0
0
0 100
5.
71.3Mpa
20
2000
2000
20
80
Table 1: Physical properties of OPC
12.5
7580
9580
95.80
4.20
10.0
220
9800
98.0
2.0
8
120
9920
99.20
0.8

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361

An Experimental investigation on strengths characteristics of concrete with the partial replacement of Cement by Marble Powder dust and Sand by Stone dust (IJSRD/Vol. 2/Issue 07/2014/081)

6.3

40

 
  • 9960 0.4

99.60

 

4.75

20

 
  • 9980 0.2

99.80

 

Pan

20

10000

-

0

Table 4: Sieve analysis of coarse aggregate

4.75

 
  • 27 +0.48

 
  • 27.48 97.252

    • 27.482 2.748

   

2.36

 
  • 30 +0.54

 
  • 30.54 94.198

    • 58.022 5.802

   

1.18

 
  • 212 +3.81

 
  • 215.8 72.617

    • 273.83 27.383

   

600

 
  • 313 +5.63

 
  • 318.6 40.753

  • 592.47 59.247

 

300

 
  • 340 +6.12

 
  • 346.1 93.839

  • 938.59 6.141

 

150

60

+1.08

 
  • 61.08 99.967

  • 999.67 0.033

 
Fineness modulus of coarse agg Cumulative % wt retained / 100 Fineness modulus 512.40/100 = 5.12
Fineness modulus of
coarse agg
Cumulative % wt retained
/ 100
Fineness modulus
512.40/100 = 5.12
Specific gravity
2.72
Water absorption
0.5%
Table 8: Sieve analysis of Stone Dust
Impact Value
11.76%
Fineness modulus of fine
agg
Cumulative % wt retained /
100
Bulk density
1440 kg/m 3
Fineness modulus
310.994/100=3.109
Table 5: Properties of Coarse Aggregate
4) Marble dust
Specific gravity
2.67
Marble dust which is used in laboratory investigation was
obtained during polishing and cutting of marble in factories
Water absorption
1%
Sl. No.
Test performed
Results
Silt or clay content
Bulk density
0.5%
1.
Specific gravity
2.62
1500 kg/m 3
2.
Moisture content
1.5%
3.
Water absorption
2%
Grading
well graded (zone II)
4.
Bulk density
1480
Table 9: Properties of Stone Dust
5.
Grading
Zone II
6) Water
6.
Fineness modulus
2.68
Table 6: Properties of marble dust
Constituent
Marble dust (%)
Water used for mixing should be free from injurious amount
of deleterious materials. Potable water is generally
considered satisfactory for mixing. In the present work
potable tap water was used
B.
Casting and Curing of Control Specimen
SiO 2
62.48
For each mix three cubes of 150mm x 150mm x 150mmin
Al 2 O
size, three cylinders of 150mm diameter and 300m height,
18.72
3
three prisms of 100mm x 100 x 500mm, two Beams of
Fe 2 O
06.54
3
700mm x 50mm x 50mm were cast using steel moulds. The
caste specimens were kept in ambient temperature for 24
CaO
MgO
Na 2 O
04.83
hours. After 24 hours they were demoulded and placed in
2.56
Nil
water for curing. Cubes are used to determine the
compressive strength of concrete for 7 days and 28 days.
Three cylinder were used to determine the split tensile
K 2 O
03.18
strength of concrete for 28 days. Three prisms and two
beams were used to determine the Flexural strength of
TiO 2
01.21
concrete for 28 days by two point bending test with a
supporting span, using universal testing machine of capacity
Loss of ignition
00.48
1000kN.
C.
Mix proportion per cubic meter of concrete
Table 7: Chemical composition of Marble dust
5) Stone dust
Water
Cement
Fine agg
Coarse agg
It is the residue material which is the extraction of basalt
191.6lts
491kg
512.62kg
1186 kg
0.39
1
1.044
2.415
D.
Mix proportion for one beam

rocks to form the fine particles less than 4.75mm through the IS sieve. Locally available stone dust was used in the present study for replacement of fine aggregate (sand).Different test such as sieve analysis values in Table 8 and different properties carried out in laboratory for stone dust are shown in Table 9

I.S.

Wt

     

Cumula

 

Sieve

size

mm

retain

ed

(gm)

Correct

ion

Correc

ted

weight

Cumula

tive wt

retained

tive

%

wt.

retained

Cumula

tive %

passing

Water Cement Fine agg Coarse agg 2.83lts 7.65kg 8.225kg 18.378kg 0.37 1 1.075 2.402
Water
Cement
Fine agg
Coarse agg
2.83lts
7.65kg
8.225kg
18.378kg
0.37
1
1.075
2.402

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362

An Experimental investigation on strengths characteristics of concrete with the partial replacement of Cement by Marble Powder dust and Sand by Stone

dust

(IJSRD/Vol. 2/Issue 07/2014/081)

IV. RESULTS & DISCUSSION B. Tests for Compressive Strength A. 1) Workability Characteristics Slump Cone Test
IV.
RESULTS & DISCUSSION
B.
Tests for Compressive Strength
A.
1)
Workability Characteristics
Slump Cone Test
The slump cone is cleaned and the inside surface of the cone
is oiled thoroughly. It is then placed on a level surface and
placing the slump cone inside the sheet metal cylindrical
pot of the consistometer. The concrete is then filled into
the cone in four layers. Each layer is tamped 25 times with
standard 16 mm tamping rod. After filling the cone
completely, the initial height of the cone is noted, and then
the cone is lifted without disturbing it. Final reading
corresponding to the decrease in height of the centre of the
The compressive strength of concrete for cubes, all mixes at
7 and 28 days of curing is presented in table 11. Only 3
cubes were casted for various percentage replacements of
cement by MP. The result shows that the Compressive
strength increased with addition of waste marble powder up
to 10% replace by weight of cement and further any addition
of waste marble powder the compressive strength decreases.
The initial strength gradually decreases from 15%. At 10%
there is 10.05% increase in initial compressive strength for 7
days and there is 14.14% increase in initial compressive
slumped concrete is noted down as shown in Graph 1.
2) Compaction Factor Test
The degree of compaction, called the compaction factor,
is measured by the density ratio i.e., the ratio of the density
strength for 28 days .In case of RMP 10%, the 7 day
strength is found to be 30.447 N/mm 2 this is 68% of 28 days
of curing strength. It is represented in Figure 1 which shows
the Comparison and Effect of curing on compressive
strength of M 30 Grade of RMP.
C.
Tests for split tensile strength
actually achieved in the test to the density of the same
concrete fully compacted. Results shown in table 10 and
Graph 2
Specimen type for M 30
grade concrete
Slump
Compaction
(mm)
Factor
0% RMP
56
0.89
5% RMP
55
0.86
The split tensile strength of concrete for cylinders, all mixes
at 28 days of curing is presented in table 12.Only 3 cylinders
were casted for various percentage replacements of cement
by MP. The Split Tensile strength of Cylinders are increased
with addition of waste marble powder up to 10% replace by
weight of cement and further any addition of waste marble
powder the Split Tensile strength decreases. At 10% there is
19.61% increase in initial split tensile strength for 28 days.
10% RMP
54
0.854
It is represented in Figure 2 which shows the Effect of
15% RMP
46
0.842
curing on split tensile strength of M 30 Grade of RMP
20% RMP
44
0.822
D.
Tests for Flexural Strength
Table 10: Results of Slump Cone Test and Compaction
Factor Test
The flexural strength of concrete for prisms, all mixes at 28
days of curing is presented in table 13. Only 3 prisms were
casted for various percentage replacements of cement by
MP. The flexure strength of prisms are increased with
addition of waste marble powder up to 10% replace by
weight of cement and further any addition of waste marble
powder the flexural strength decreases. At 10% there is
10.73% increase in initial flexure strength. It is represented
in Figure 3 which shows the Effect of curing on Flexural
strength of M 30 Grade of RMP.
E.
Tests for Compressive strength of Concrete using MP
and SD Replacements
Graph 1: Slump values for various Mixes of M 30 grade
concrete
The compressive strength of concrete for cubes, all mixes at
7 and 28 days of curing is presented in table 14-16. Only 3
cubes were casted for various percentage replacements of
sand with SD and cement with MP. At 20% SD and 10%
MP there is 16.47% increase in initial compressive strength
compaction factor
for 7 days. At 20% SD and 10% MP there is 15.23%
0.9
0, 0.89
increase in initial compressive strength for 28 days. It is
0.89
represented in Figure 4-6 which shows the Comparison and
0.88
Effect of curing on compressive strength of M 30 Grade.
0.87
5, 0.86
F.
Quantity of Steel Reinforcement in Beam
10, 0.854
0.86
In a beam four numbers of longitudinal bars are provided, 2
0.85
15, 0.842
numbers of 10mm φ bars in the tension zone and 2 numbers
0.84
of 8mm φ bars in the compression zone and 5 numbers of
6mm φ bar lateral ties are also used.
0.83
20, 0.822
0.82
0.81
0
5
10
15
20
25
% of marble powder
compaction factor

Graph 2: Compaction factor test for various Mixes of M 30 grade concrete

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363

An Experimental investigation on strengths characteristics of concrete with the partial replacement of Cement by Marble Powder dust and Sand by Stone

dust

(IJSRD/Vol. 2/Issue 07/2014/081)

  • G. Reinforcement Details

An Experimental investigation on strengths characteristics of concrete with the partial replacement of Cement by Marble
 
  • 3 days

10%

28-

27.66667

44.69

 

15%

  • 4 days

28-

23.58333

36.769

 
  • 5 days

20%

28-

20.5

35.061

Table 12: Split Tensile Strength of concrete using RMP

 

replacement

Flexural

SI.

NO

of cement by MP

days of

curing

strength

in N\mm2

H. Testing and Result of CVC beams and RMP beams Avg. Load (tested on 3 prisms)in
H.
Testing and Result of CVC beams and RMP beams
Avg. Load
(tested on 3
prisms)in
tones
The beams are tested for pure flexure on a uniform testing
machine of 60 tones capacity, the beam is kept on two
girders, so as to obtain the clear span of 600 mm. On the
beam two rods are kept at a distance of 100mm from
centre of the beam on either side so that it acts as a two
point loading over which an I – Section is placed by using a
plum bob. A dial gauge is placed exactly below the centre of
the beam i.e. at the mid- span. With the help of dial
gauge the deflections at different load levels can be
measured at the beam centre. The test results of the beams
tested are given in Table No 17 to 21 and Graphs No.3 to 7
showing load deflection curve
28-
1
0%
1.191
4.674
days
28-
2
5%
1.304333
5.12
days
28-
3
10%
1.334
5.236
days
28-
4
15%
1.178667
4.627
days
28-
5
20%
1.067
4.189
Avg.
days
Table 13: Flexural strength of concrete using RMP
Load
replacement
days
Compressive
(tested
Com
SI.NO
of cement
of
strength in
SI.
days of
on 3
by MP
N\mm2
replacement of
cement by MP
strength in
curing
curing
NO
cubes)in
Avg. Load
(tested on 3
cubes)in
tones
N\mm2
tones
7-days
55.75
24.307
7-days
62.91667
27.431
10% SD-0%
1
28-days
82.58333
36.006
28-
MP
1
0%
88
38.368
days
7-days
62.66667
27.413
7-days
64.58333
28.158
10% SD-10%
2
28-days
92.25
40.221
MP
28-
2
5%
94.25
41.093
days
7-days
57.16667
24.924
7-days
69.83333
30.447
10% SD-20%
3
28-days
75.5
37.278
MP
28-
3
10%
102.5
44.69
Table 14: Compressive strength of Concrete
days
Avg. Load
replacement
of cement by
Compressive
7-days
57.58333
25.106
SI.
days of
(tested on 3
cubes)in
strength in
curing
28-
NO
MP
N\mm2
4
15%
84.41667
36.769
tones
days
7-days
63.83333
27.837
7-days
53.83333
23.471
20% SD-
28-
28-
1
93
40.548
5
20%
80.41667
35.061
0% MP
days
days
7-days
66.75
29.103
Table 11: Compressive strength of concrete using RMP
20% SD-10%
28-
split
2
98.16667
42.8
MP
days
replacement
of cement by
MP
days
tensile
7-days
59.75
26.051
SI.NO
of
strength
curing
Avg. Load
(tested on 3
cylinder)in
tones
in
20% SD-20%
28-
3
88.5
38.583
MP
days
N\mm2
Table 15: Compressive strength of Concrete
28-
1
0%
22.25
38.368
days
28-
2
5%
24.25
41.093
days

SI.

replacement

days of

Avg. Load (tested on 3

Compressive

NO

of cement by MP

curing

cubes)in tones

strength in

N\mm2

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364

An Experimental investigation on strengths characteristics of concrete with the partial replacement of Cement by Marble Powder dust and Sand by Stone

dust

(IJSRD/Vol. 2/Issue 07/2014/081)

   

7-days

60.08333

26.196

  • 1 30% SD-0%

MP

28-

   

days

90.5

39.276

   

7-days

63.91667

27.867

  • 2 30% SD-10%

MP

28-

days

94.16667

41.056

   

7-days

22.58333

9.846

  • 3 30% SD-20%

MP

28-

   

days

78.33333

34.153

120

1.9

120

2.0

134*

2.1

135*

2.3

160

2.4

160

2.5

175**

2.7

174**

2.8

Table 19: Load deflection characteristics of RCC beam with RMP MIX 3 (M 30 grade)

Beam 01 Beam 02 Load Deflection Load Deflection (KN) (mm) (KN) (mm) Table 16: Compressive strength
Beam 01
Beam 02
Load
Deflection
Load
Deflection
(KN)
(mm)
(KN)
(mm)
Table 16: Compressive strength of Concrete
0
0
0 0
20
0.7
20
0.9
Beam 01
Beam 02
40
0.9
40
1.2
Load
Deflection Load
Deflection
60
1.1
60
1.4
(KN)
(mm)
(KN)
(mm)
80
1.3
80
1.5
0
0
0 0
100
1.6 100
1.7
20
0.9
20 0.85
122*
1.8
123*
1.9
40
1.1
40
1.1
140
2.1
2.1
140
2.2
60
1.3
60
1.4
160
2.3 160
2.4
80
1.5
80
1.7
168**
2.65
169**
2.75
100
1.8
100 1.9
126*
1.9
128*
2.1
140
2.3
140
2.3
Table 20: Load deflection characteristics of RCC
beam with RMP MIX 4 (M 30 grade)
*first crack load **ultimate crack load
160
2.6
160
2.6
170**
2.8
170**
2.9
Beam 01
Beam 02
Table 17: Load deflection characteristics of RCC beam
conventional concrete Mix 1 (M 30 grade)
Load
Deflection
Load
Deflection
(KN)
(mm)
(KN)
(mm)
0
0
0 0
Beam 01
Beam 02
20
0.7
20
0.8
Load
Deflection
Load Deflection
40
0.9
40
1.0
(KN)
(mm)
(KN)
(mm)
60
1.1
60
1.25
0
0 0
0
80
1.4
80
1.5
20
0.8
20
0
100
1.7
100 1.7
40
1.0
40
1
119*
2.0
117*
1.9
60
1.1
60
1
140
2.3
140
2.2
80
1.3
80
1
160
2.5
160
2.5
100
1.6 100
1
166**
2.8
167**
2.75
127*
1.9
130*
2
Table 21: Load deflection characteristics of RCC
140
2.1
140
2
beam with RMP MIX 5 (M 30 grade)
160
2.4
160
2
50
44.69
172**
2.7
173** 2
41.093
38.368
36.769
40
35.061
Table 18: Load deflection characteristics of RCC
beam with RMP MIX 2(M 30 grade)
30.447
27.431
28.158
30
25.106
23.471
7 DAYS
20
28 DAYS
Beam 01
Beam 02
10
Load
Deflection
Load
Deflection
(KN)
(mm)
(KN)
(mm)
0
0
5
10
15
20
0
0 0
0
% OF MARBLE POWDER
20
0.8
20
0.9
40
1.0
40
1.1
Fig. 1: Comparison and Effect of curing on compressive
strength at 28 days
60
1.2
60
1.4
80
1.4
80
1.7
100
1.7
100
1.8
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH IN N\mm2

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dust

(IJSRD/Vol. 2/Issue 07/2014/081)

5 45 41.056 39.276 3.839 40 34.153 3.365 3.27 4 3.086 35 2.841 27.867 26.196 30
5
45
41.056
39.276
3.839
40
34.153
3.365
3.27
4
3.086
35
2.841
27.867
26.196
30
3
25
7 DAYS
20
2
15
9.846
28
DAYS
28 DAYS
10
1
5
0
0
30%(SD)-
30%(SD)-
30%(SD)-
0
5
10
15
20
0%(MP)
10%(MP)
30%(MP)
% OF MARBLE POWDER
Fig. 2: split tensile strength at 28 days
6
5.236
REPLACEMENT OF STONE DUST AND MARBLE
5.12
4.674
5
4.627
POWDER
4.189
4
Fig. 6: Compressive strength of Concrete at 7 and 28 days
@ 30%
3
28 DAYS
2
180
160
1
140
0
120
0
5
10
15
20
100
% OF MARBLE POWDER
80
Fig. 3: flexural strength at 28 days
60
40
45
40.221
20
37.278
36.006
40
0
35
27.413
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
30
24.307
24.924
Deflection in mm
25
7 DAYS
20
15
28
DAYS
10
Graph 3: Load V/s deflection curve for CVC RCC
beam of Mix 1
5
200
0
10%(SD)-
10%(SD)-
10%(SD)-
180
0%(MP)
10%(MP)
30%(MP)
160
140
120
100
REPLACEMENT OF STONE DUST AND MARBLE
80
POWDER
60
Fig. 4: Compressive strength of Concrete at 7 and 28 days
@ 10%
40
20
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
Deflection in mm
FLEXURE STRENGTH
SPLIT-TENSILE
IN N\mm2
STRENGTH IN N\mm2
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH IN
N\mm2
Load in KN
Load in KN
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH IN
N\mm2
40.837 42.8 45 38.583 40 35 29.103 27.837 30 26.051 7 DAYS 25 20 28 DAYS
40.837
42.8
45
38.583
40
35
29.103
27.837
30
26.051
7 DAYS
25
20
28 DAYS
15
10
5
0
20%(SD)-
20%(SD)-
20%(SD)-
0%(MP)
10%(MP)
30%(MP)
REPLACEMENT OF STONE DUST AND MARBLE
POWDER
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH IN
N\mm2

Fig. 5: Compressive strength of Concrete at 7 and 28 days @ 20%

Graph 4: Load V/s deflection curve for RMP RCC beam of Mix 2

120 1 3 2 1.5 2.5 0 0.5 Load in KN 100 80 140 160 180
120
1
3
2
1.5
2.5
0 0.5
Load in KN
100
80
140
160
180
200
20
40
60
0

Deflection in mm

Graph 5: Load V/s deflection curve for RMP RCC beam of Mix 3

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366

An Experimental investigation on strengths characteristics of concrete with the partial replacement of Cement by Marble Powder dust and Sand by Stone

dust

(IJSRD/Vol. 2/Issue 07/2014/081)

120 1 3 2 1.5 2.5 0 0.5 Load in KN 100 20 140 160 180
120
1
3
2
1.5
2.5
0 0.5
Load in KN
100
20
140
160
180
40
60
80
0

Deflection in mm

Graph 6: Load V/s deflection curve for RMP RCC beam of Mix 4

180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
Deflection in mm
Load in KN

(8)

There is a slight increase in flexural strength of

RMP members compared to that CVC member.

(9)

In case of RMP Mix M2 and Mix M3 beams the

deflection is less compared to the CVC RCC beam

m 30 and the load carrying capacity is more.

(10) .In case of RMP Mix M4 and Mix M5 beams the

load carrying capacity is less compared to the

CVC. RCC beam m 30 .

VI.

SCOPE FOR FURTHER STUDY

In this investigation M 30 grade of concrete is tested

further work can be carried out by testing higher grades of concrete i.e.M 35 , M 40 etc. Flexure behaviour of larger size beams can also be studied

The same work can be carried for replacement of

cement with marble powder with 11%, 12%, 13%

REFERENCES

[1] P.A. Shirulea, Ataur Rahmanb, Rakesh D. Gupta,

“PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT WITH

MARBLE DUST POWDER”, International Journal

of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies E-

ISSN2249–8974, IJAERS/Vol. I/Issue III/April-June, 2012/175-177. Graph 7: Load V/s deflection curve for RMP RCC beam of
ISSN2249–8974, IJAERS/Vol. I/Issue III/April-June,
2012/175-177.
Graph 7: Load V/s deflection curve for RMP RCC beam of
Mix
NOTE:-All this curves are fitted with curve fitting method
shown in Appendix
V.
CONCLUSION

(1) The Compressive strength of Cubes are increased with addition of waste marble powder up to 10% replace by weight of cement and further any addition of waste marble powder the compressive strength decreases. (2) The Split Tensile strength of Cylinders are increased with addition of waste marble powder up to 10% replace by weight of cement and further any addition of waste marble powder the Split Tensile strength decreases. (3) The flexure strength of prisms are increased with addition of waste marble powder up to 10% replace by weight of cement and further any addition of waste marble powder the Split Tensile strength decreases. (4) Thus we found out the optimum percentage for replacement of marble powder with cement and it is almost 10% of the total cement for cubes,

(5)

cylinders and prisms. We have put forth a simple step to minimize the costs for construction with usage of marble powder which is freely or cheaply available.

[2] Ahmed N. Bdour and Mohammad S. Al-Juhani, ”UTILIZATION OF WASTE MARBLE POWDER IN CEMENT INDUSTRY”, December 2011,Associate Professor, Civil Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia Corresponding Author Dean, College of Engineering, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. [3] V.M.shelke, Prof. P.Y.pawde Dr. R.R.shrivastava “EFFECT OF MARBLE POWDER WITH AND WITHOUT SILICA FUME ON MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE” Prof -Civil Engg. Dept. Prof-Chemistry Dept. G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering & Technology, NAGPUR, (India) IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSRJMCE) ISSN : 2278-1684 Volume 1, Issue 1 (May-June 2012), PP 40-45 www.iosrjournals.org. [4] HanifiBinici, Hasan Kaplan and SalihYilmaz, (2007), "Influence of marble and limestone dusts as additives on some mechanical properties of concrete," Scientific Research and Essay, 2(9), pp 372379. [5] IS-383-Indian Standard (1970), ”Method for testing of aggregates”. [6] IS 9013 – Indian standard (1978), ”Method of test for

compressive strength”. [7] IS 9399 – Indian standard (1979), ”Method of test for flexural strength”. [8] “Concrete Technology” Theory and practice By MS. Shetty Concrete Technology:- M. L. Gambhir

(6) There is a decrease in workability as the replacement level increases, and hence water consumption will be more. (7) Optimum percentage replacement of sand with SD and cement with MP is 20% and 10%.

[9]

IS: 456 – 2000 “Plain and reinforced concrete code of practice”.

[10] IS: 383 1970 “specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete. [11] IS: 10262 1982 Concrete Mix Design. [12] SP 16, Design Aid to IS 456 1978.

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367

An Experimental investigation on strengths characteristics of concrete with the partial replacement of Cement by Marble Powder dust and Sand by Stone

dust

(IJSRD/Vol. 2/Issue 07/2014/081)

APPENDIX 80 1.34 80 1.36 Tables: Deflection values of curve fitting for Beam using parabolic equation
APPENDIX
80
1.34
80 1.36
Tables: Deflection values of curve fitting for Beam
using parabolic equation
y = ax 2 + bx + c
100
1.61
100 1.64
122*
1.90
123*
2.01
140
2.13
140
2.39
160
2.37
160
2.66
A.
CVC MIX 1 M 30 grade beam
168**
2.47
169**
2.83
Beam 01
Beam 02
E.
20% of RMP MIX 3 M 30 grade beam
Load
Deflection
Load
Deflection
(KN)
(mm)
(KN)
(mm)
Beam 01
Beam 02
0
0
0 0
Load
Deflection
Load Deflection
20
0.8
20
0.9
(KN)
(mm)
(KN)
(mm)
40
1.0
40
1.1
0
0
0 0
60
1.2
60
1.4
20
0.57
20
0.66
80
1.4
80
1.7
40
0.78
40
0.87
100
1.7
100
1.8
60
1.07
60
1.10
120
1.9
120
2.0
80
1.34
80
1.36
134*
2.1
135*
2.3
100
1.61
100 1.64
122*
1.90
123*
2.01
160
2.4
160 2.5
175**
2.7
174**
2.8
140
2.13
140
2.39
B.
5% of RMP MIX 2 M 30 grade beam
160
2.37
160
2.66
Beam 01
Beam 02
168**
2.47
169**
2.83
Load
Deflection
Load Deflection
(KN)
(mm)
(KN)
(mm)
0
0
0 0
20
0.45
20
0.54
40
0.83
40
0.88
60
1.18
60
1.20
80
1.5 80
1.51
100
1.77
100
1.8
127*
2.08
130*
2.20
140
2.21
140
2.32
160
2.37
160
2.56
172**
2.45
173**
2.71
C.
10% of RMP MIX 3 M 30 grade beam
Beam 01
Beam 02
Load
Deflection
Load Deflection
(KN)
(mm)
(KN)
(mm)
0
0
0 0
20
0.56
20
0.64
40
0.87
40
1.00
60
1.17
60
1.33
80
1.45
80
1.63
100
1.71
100
1.90
120
1.96
120
2.14
134*
2.13
135*
2.31
160
2.42
160
2.54
175**
2.57
174**
2.64
D.
15% of RMP MIX 3 M 30 grade beam
Beam 01
Beam 02
Load
Deflection
Load Deflection
(KN)
(mm)
(KN)
(mm)
0
0
0 0
20
0.57
20
0.66
40
0.78
40
0.87
60
1.07
60
1.10

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368