REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION

A. LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
IV. POLICE PATROL OPERATIONS

1. Also known to be the “Anti-Drunk Driving Act of the 2013”.
a. RA 10592
c. RA 10586
b. RA 4136
d. RA 10175
2. To carry out the main objective of proactive policing activity, the Head of
Patrol Unit of the local PNP increased the number police patrol officers who
are well-trained in community relations. They had been oriented to establish
a healthy relationship with the residents to gather their confidence and
cooperation especially in watching for any untoward incidents, and to report
the same for police actions. What objective of police patrol operation is being
emphasized in the given scenario?
a. Police Immersion
c. Criminal Detection,
Apprehension, and Detention
b. Participative Law Enforcement
d. Team Policing
POLICE IMMERSION – part of community oriented policing technique
wherein patrol officers are deployed to familiarize, and mingle with the
residents of his area of responsibility so that they would know them.
3. Arranging of personnel and functions in a systematic manner designed to
accommodate stated goals and objectives in the most efficient manner
possible.
a. Organization
c. Administration
b. Employment
d. Management
ORGANIZATION is also defined as a group of people working together
to achieve a common goal.
4. In this method, the suspect stands with his feet together, his head tilted
straightly back, and his eyes closed while he estimates the passage of a
certain time.
a. One Leg Stand Test
c. Horizontal Nystagmus Test
b. Finger to Nose Test
d. Romberg’s Balance Test
5. The word “patrol” was derived from the French word “patrouiller” which
means. . .
a. to carry burden
c. to go through puddles
b. to wander away from home
d. to move from one place to
another
Etymology of the word POLICE
 Politeia is a Greek word which means a government of a city.
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CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations

REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION

Politia is a Roman word which means a condition of a state,
government and administration.

Etymology of the word PATROL
 Patrouiller is a French word which means “to go through puddles”
6. A principle of sound police patrol organization which is based on the belief
that an individual should be responsible to one and only one person at any
given time and in any given situation.
a. Chain of Command
c. Unity of Command
b. Span of Control
d. Organizing by Function
ORGANIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES
The following are the principles that enable goals of patrol affairs
achieved:
1. Simplicity – which can be done by providing simple organizational
plan clearly understood by all concerned, yet detailed to provide
clear lines of authority and responsibility.
2. Organizing by Function – it emphasizes the grouping of similar
tasks, job assignments, performance of functions together and
placing them under a single supervision or command officer. In
keeping this principle basic distinction between line and staff
functions must be observed.
3. Chain of Command – it holds that successive person in the chain
of command, from the first level supervisor to the chief of police
must be given an opportunity to deal with those incidents for which
he or she is responsible. A person cannot be held accountable if the
chain of command is violated by allowing other persons below to
handle the situation.
4. Span of Control – it is based on the assumption that there is a
limit to the number of individuals that one person can effectively
supervise. It depends upon various factors such as:
a. The type and complexity of the work performed
b. The skills, training and experience of personnel performing
the work
c. The degree of specialization involved in the work performed
d. The knowledge, skills and experience of the supervisor
5. Unity of Command – (SUPRA)
7. Part of Foot Patrol Tactics is to walk close to the ______ during the day and
close to the building at night.
a. residential houses
c. gates
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CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations

This type of assignment is particularly effective for SATURATION COVERAGE of high crime areas. Reactive Patrol – a patrol activity which consist of driving around the district waiting for something to happen. 11. 20 minutes d. Area – Section or territorial division of a large city. Post TERRITORIAL UNITS IN PATROL 1. This is done at the last hour of the eight-hour tour of duty to ensure that nothing unusual has happened to the area of responsibility. 12. Alternative patrol system which means the fielding of the field units in their respective areas of responsibility with prescribed objectives and verifiable tasks scheduled for the day to augment the calls and other onsight activities that make up the officer’s day. Team Policing d. 6. such as designated desk office or an intersection or crosswalk for traffic duty or spot location for general guard duty. 30 minutes 9.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. Police Immersion 10. District b. automobile patrol 13. High Visibility Patrol b. The following types of patrol are NOT conducted in SECTOR. a. 25 minutes b. Proactive Patrol – (SUPRA) 2. Proactive Patrol d. Police Low Visibility Patrol PATROL ACTIVITIES 1. members of the Patrol Team shall form and assemble at the Patrol Unit Headquarters at least _________ before the start of their shift for their accounting. a. commercial establishments 8. Route c. Post – (SUPRA) 2. 5. 3. Straightway Pattern 3 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Clockwise Pattern c. District – Geographical subdivision of a large city. Plainclothes Patrol c. 4. Sector – Area containing two or more beats. scooter patrol b. A fixed point or location to which an officer as assigned for duty. Beat – Area assigned for foot patrol purposes. EXCEPT… a. a. It provides extra coverage without alarming the occupants with an unusual number of police officer. During the Pre-Deployment Phase. Route / Line Beat – A length of street or streets designated for patrol purposes. curb d. bicycle patrol d. Beat d. Reactive Patrol c. Police High Visibility Patrol b. foot patrol c. 15 minutes c. routes or posts. a. a.

it diminishes desire to commit crime c. Its purpose is for the patrol officer to survey the condition and situation of the boundaries of his area of responsibility. 5. it increases the aura of police omnipresence b. Counter-Clockwise Pattern – this technique is simply the reverse of the clockwise pattern. Target Oriented Patrol – patrol strategy directed towards specific reasons or places. This action is based on the study of the situation and condition of the beat. 14. 4. not at random but with a definite target location where the patrol officer knows that his presence is necessary. The following are the advantages of police high visibility patrol. Counter-Clockwise Pattern d. Police Low Visibility Patrol – performed by patrol officers in plainclothes patrol or in unmarked vehicle with the primary purpose crime repression. Cloverleaf Pattern – conducted on a highway intersection designed to route traffic without interference by means of a system of curving ramps from one level to another in the form of four (4) leaf clover. Police High Visibility Patrol – has the objective of increasing the “aura of police omnipresence” in the community to reduce certain type of crime. 2.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. This is done at the last hour of the eighthour tour of duty to ensure that nothing unusual has happened within the area of responsibility. Straightway or Crisscross Pattern – done by patrolling the length of the street and therefore the easiest to observe. 3. Freewheeling Pattern PATROL PATTERNS 1. eliminates opportunity on the part of would-be offender to commit crime VISIBILITY PATROL STRATEGIES 1. Directed Deterrent Patrol – it is a patrol strategy which differs from traditional patrol methods wherein patrol officers perform 4 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Zigzag or Freewheeling – this is done by patrolling the streets within the perimeter of the beats. EXCEPT… a. 3. used to increase the probability of arrest d. Clockwise Pattern – done in the start of the eight-hour tour of duty. 2. 4.

6. his attitude must be positive.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION specific predetermined preventive functions on a planned systematic basis. vehicles to be used and partner (if any). 5. Debriefing Conference c. precinct. Indoctrination PREPARATIONS FOR PATROL OPERATIONS 1. 4. Done during the “In-Field Preparation” phase. irregular and unpredictable manner 5 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . there is a “fall-in” formation at headquarters. fast and furious manner d. military and alert manner b. As much as possible. the police officer who is to go out on patrol should have a “debriefing conference” with the relieving officer. Aggressive Patrol Strategy – emphasis is on the positive target oriented activities which includes physical security inspection. 5. regular and definite manner c. 15. perform it in __________. Vehicle Inspection – involves inspection of patrol vehicles to be used before going out of patrol. Interactive Patrol Strategy – emphasis is on police-citizen interaction wherein community input is sought in resolving patrol problems. 3. This is effective if the information regarding crime trends is based on crime analysis. General Preparation – The first and foremost in his preparation for patrol duty is attitude preparation. a. break and meal time and patrol assignments. Included in Patrol Tactics is that whatever patrol pattern is used. 16. Assembly b. where the outgoing patrol officer orients the relieving officer as to the condition of their particular area of responsibility prior to the former’s turnover. which is devoted to the giving of specific assignments. 2. or the police block as the case may be. Conference d. District Orientation Tour – involves familiarization of assigned area for patrolling upon arrival in the field. In-Field Preparation – whenever possible. a. In order to have knowledge about their task. Pre-patrol Preparation – Prior to going out on patrol the policeman should be armed with knowledge and equipment.

b. It is a grass-root approach undertaken to bring the people and the police together in a cooperative situation.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 17. Team Policing b. Community Oriented Policing System d. a. volunteers. New Cops on the Block c. Auxiliary Component b. 2. radio groups. and NGOs. FOX d. civilian volunteers. Coordinating Center. traffic enforcers. Team Policing originated in Aberdeen. Patrol Component d. the line beat patrols. police visibility points and traffic post. WOLVES WOLVES – Wireless Operational Link and Video Exploration System 18. a. and officers of non-government organizations. the barangay tanods. police community precinct (PCP). 3. because the dog can now be the eyes and ears of his handler in situations. Fixed Component – includes the different police station headquarters. a. Fixed Component c. Police Community Precinct – it is headed by a Police Commission Officer with a rank of Chief Inspector or Superintendent with a minimum of thirty (30) personnel including the commander divided in three (3) shifts of eight (8) hours duty. mobile patrols. Component of Integrated Patrol System which includes security guards deployed in the area. 19. Station Desk – serves as 3 C’s of police force: Communication. WOLF c. barangay tanods. The system of attaching miniature camera and transmitter to a search dog which makes the dog man’s best friend and even better friend. CANINE b. or Command Post. Auxiliary Component – includes the security guards deployed in area. Non-Uniformed Component COMPONENTS OF INTEGRATED PATROL SYSTEM 1. where saving life is a paramount objective. Participative Law Enforcement TEAM POLICING – it attempts to integrate the police and the community interest into a working relationship so as to produce the desired objective of peacekeeping in the community. junior police. the traffic enforcer. and detective repressive patrol. 6 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Scotland. Police Beats – consists of identifiable boundaries within area of responsibility where an officer can conduct patrol. Patrol Component – includes air patrol. a. a.

dangerous search situations (identification of suspected bomb). Germans c. First used by Egyptians for patrolling. 2. A dog is capable of recognizing an odor ten (10) million times better than human can. Romans b. due to its significant value in attaining the main objective of the national law enforcement agency. backbone of police operation d. backbone of police agency c. Canine dogs provide protection for patrol officer 7 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . b. This is usually conducted in wooden and large park areas. A single K-9 team is able to complete building searches seven (7) times faster than four (4) officers working together to search the same building. basic police function 21. etc. ADVANTAGES OF CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. guarding suspects. could be used in certain areas where automobile is prohibited such as wooden areas. Diffusion b. People who first used “Canine Assisted Patrol”. economical MOUNTED / HORSE PATROL The second to the oldest patrol type (next to foot patrol). Americans d. ideal to use in National Highways d. dispersing crowd. taking fleeing suspects into custody. a. It is essential for most mediumsized and large police departments. Discouragement 22.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 20. environment friendly c. . dealing with street gangs. 23. Egyptians CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. a. This gives the feeling of fear on his (would-be offender) part and of safety on the part of law abiding citizens. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of Mounted Patrol? a. Deterrence d. backbone of the law enforcement b. . 3. Psychology / Aura of Police Omnipresence c. Patrol Division. Pertains to the feeling of would-be criminals that policemen are everywhere. Mounted officers can see three (3) blocks more than a foot patrol officer. police dogs are especially useful in high crime areas. Provides great assistance in search and rescue as well as in smelling out illegal drugs and bombs. Basically. searching and detection of drugs in packages or on suspects. a. is considered as.

Airedale Terriers 7. a. crime control b. Bicycle Patrol ADVANTAGES OF BICYCLE PATROL 1. It has the advantage of stealth and mobility. Patrol officers are _________. and keen sense of smell. Great assistance in locating narcotics and bomb DISADVANTAGES OF CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. Foot Patrol d. Motorcycle Patrol c. 2. frontliners d. requires three (3) months to train 4. Never hesitate to offer any help consistent with the purpose of law enforcement. Inexpensive to procure and maintain compare to other methods 3. a. Black Labrador Retrievers 4. It has the advantage of mobility and stealth 2. the show window of the police precinct b. Automobile Patrol b. Dog training is extensive and expensive. Giant Schnauzers 8. Best in locating trapped people during emergencies 3. because patrol does not only mean protection but _______ as well. It can cover areas not accessible by motorcycle or patrol cars 8 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . all of them is correct 26. Newfound Lands 24. Bloodhounds – a large powerful dog with dropping ears. Doberman Pinschers 6. Can be used in crowd control 4. service d. Works with only one (1) handler 3. Rottweiler 5. corruption c. German Shepherd – the most frequently used and high scoring dog for police work. generalists c. hence their help in law enforcement is given the greatest value. Expensive to maintain 2. 3. a. sagging jaws. immersion 25. Territorial BREEDS OF DOGS APPROPRIATE FOR POLICE WORKS 1. Type of patrol which has been used in many countries as a simple and inexpensive means of transportation to carry police officers throughout patrol districts.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 2.

request assistance from the SOCO 9 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . a. kill or inflict violence to other people to complete or fulfill his illegitimate end. time between the end of caller-police conversation and broadcast of the report by the radio dispatcher to the specific car assigned to the scene d. basic salary 29.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. Biking is a good form of exercise to maintain excellent physique and good health 5. could be saved. private firearm c. time between the lifting of the receiver and the beginning of the actual message between the caller and the desk officer c. none of them Basically. CRITICAL TIME – Also defined as the time between the call of concerned individual to the police regarding crime incident and the arrival at the scene. Danger involved in driving 27. or any other similar effects. Once suspended. either victim of crime or not. Inability to carry additional equipment 2. and dying person. time between the commission of crime and the call to the police b. It can be effectively used by plainclothes officer while conducting surveillance DISADVANTAGES OF BICYCLE PATROL 1. before leaving the office or station where he is assigned will surrender his ___________ to his immediate supervisor. vandalism in residential areas. contaminate or destroy potential evidence at the crime scene to mislead investigation. It is effective in combating theft. a police officer. commit further crimes. parks and shopping malls 6. name plate and insignia b. Which of the following is the duty of a patrol officer as the First Responder at the crime scene? a. burglary. service firearm d. Time between the commission of crime (example: murder) and discovery of the effects (dead body). Which of the following is NOT considered “critical time”? a. determine the nature of the crime committed and once identified either sensational or significant. 28. Apprehended criminals cannot be transported 3. CRITICAL TIME pertains to a certain period in which a suspect could flee or might be able to conceal his means of committing crime. and the time between the dispatch of patrol officer / first responder at the actual scene of the crime and his arrival could also be considered critical time. after due notice and summary hearing.

In Post-Deployment Phase. upon assumption of responsibility. One of the concrete responses of the PNP in reinventing the field of investigation. ten (10) minutes b. routes. assist the SOCO team in identifying and collecting potential evidence that might prove the guilt of the suspect in criminal proceeding d. Post d. Line Beat c. 33. or posts. Sector b. Dispatcher b. Its purpose is to provide the organizational and operational framework in truly effecting mechanisms towards enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of the PNP’s investigation capability. 31. three (3) minutes c. Integrated Patrol System d. a. five (5) minutes d. PB occupies a particular area of responsibility while the detectives have the primary responsibility of first response in all cases reported for investigation purposes. What is ideal police response time in the Philippines? a. Platoon Commander DUTIES OF PATROL OFFICERS IN EVERY PATROL PHASE Patrol Phase Patrol Personnel Duty 1. District 32. who shall properly dismiss the duty patrol officers after conducting their accounting? a. WOLVES b. Conduct inspection as to the appearance and completeness of 10 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . release the crime scene by lifting up the cordon c. Detective Beat System c. Police Unit Commander d. An area containing two or more beats. Desk Officer c. a. Investigative System DISTINCTION BETWEEN POLICE BEAT AND DETECTIVE BEAT 1.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. Platoon Commander a. secure the area by cordoning it and allow no one to enter unless authorized 30. DB may be different from PB but the former compliments the latter in serving and protecting the community 3. fifteen (15) minutes RESPONSE TIME – refers to the running time of the dispatched patrol car from his position where the assignment was received and the arrival at the scene. 2. Detective Beat (DB) is concerned with the crime solution angle while the Police Beat (PB) has the primary role of crime prevention.

They shall likewise give their situation report which shall be done on an hour basis. 2. Make the report on the higher headquarters on the dispatch of the patrollers. Conduct a short troop information and education and disseminate instructions or order. Report or record all unusual incidents which came to their attention 11 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . d. b. b. he shall make a situation before returning to their point of origin. If applicable. c. Report to the desk officer and give the number and name of patrol members and their location. he may disseminate information or requirements that should be monitored during their patrol duty.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION individual equipment. A. Front Desk Officer a. Duty Patrol Officer B. Deployment Phase a. PreDeployment Phase b. Adopt a “buddybuddy system” and keep in mind to make a patrol plan and follow the procedures. Read assigned line beats. Upon reaching the end of their line beat. 1.

Police Unit Commander a. 2. demonstrations. 1. drug peddlers. PostDeployment Phase 2. banks. Places – it includes terminals. prison and jail. pawnshops. and gambling dens. venues of parades. Persons – includes criminals. addicts. 12 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . thing. athletic events. gambling joints. drug dens. Unusual Occurrence HAZARD – it refers to any person. Accomplish the daily patrol report before being released and discharged b. 3. conventions. or condition which. Police Hazard c. warehouse.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION in the patrol sheet report. POLICE HAZARD – (SUPRA) KINDS OF POLICE HAZARDS 1. place. Any person. Property – includes piers. 34. Police Haggard d. 3. place. C. prostitutes. Dismiss patrol officers after conducting an accounting of personnel. situation. a. and insane persons. juvenile delinquents. alcoholics. Attractive Nuisance b. thing. Collect the Daily Patrol Report and submit the same to the police headquarters for consolidation and reference. if allowed to exist may induce an accident or cause a commission of crime. Duty Patrol Officer a. Platoon Commander a. or condition possessing high potential for criminal attack or for creation of any other type of problem necessitating a demand for immediate police service. and political meetings. unoccupied dwelling. situation. Turnover to the Front Desk Officer on duty all items confiscated or recovered during their patrol duty. and schools. gamblers.

frisk and street interrogation b. stop. Which of the following is a DISADVANTAGE of Canine Assisted Patrol? a. creates feeling of fear on the part of the would-be troublemakers f. UNUSUAL OCCURRENCE (definition) 35. maintenance ADVANTAGES OF MOTORCYCLE PATROL 1. political meetings. 2. etc. school. athletic events. 13 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . or parades d. are occurring. or are about to occur. Relatively high cost to operate. locating trapped people and concealed contrabands c. in public affairs . feasts. speed c. a. This method is highly visible. stop. and alert d. Through this technique. dogs are territorial and its handler and cruiser are part of its territory 37. 3. stop. look. Feature of “motorcycle patrol” which makes it ideal in anti-bank robbery mission. the patrol officers aggressively investigate crimes that may have just occurred. monitor. High mobility especially in congested traffic 2. stop. a deterrent impact to wouldbe criminals. and listen c. Which of the following is/are the common patrol practice particularly high crime areas? a. stealth b. It is different from custodial interrogation therefore reciting Miranda Warning is NOT applicable. they can be used in demonstrations. 36. can be an asset in public relation efforts e. provides protection for solo patrol b. Situations – conventions. Quick response to emergency call DISADVANTAGES OF MOTORCYCLE PATROL 1. maneuverability d. person whose answers arouse suspicion of criminal involvement gives the police a probable cause to arrest him. tap down and apprehend STREET INTERVIEW / INTERROGATION – In this method. ATTRACTIVE NUISANCE The doctrine in tort law which holds that one who maintains a dangerous instrumentality on his premises which is likely to attract children is under a duty to reasonably protect those children against the dangers of attraction.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. Cannot be used when there is an inclement weather. parades. demonstrations. Danger involved in riding causing a greater number of accidents.

Commonwealth Act No. ten (10) minutes 40. a. When the officer is alone he devotes his attention to his driving and the beat rather than to the conversation with partner. three (3) minutes d. five (5) minutes b. office who is alone devotes his full attention to driving and beat observation rather than talking with his partner e. situation report b. personality clashes are reduced and avoided c. In case of traffic rule violations. 4. On the quiet night. Rough driving affects the driver’s health 38. Two pairs of eyes are better than one. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of One-Mobile Man Patrol? a. Having twice as many police cars in the street doubles the preventive enforcement. Provides the officer with a greater safety factor by doubling the firepower and physical protection. 2. two (2) minutes c. 2. mistake by one officer may be noticed and immediately corrected by his partner ADVANTAGES OF ONE-MAN PATROL CAR 1. and he is therefore more rested and can do a better job. Mistakes that one-man make may be caught by his partner and vice versa. daily record of event c. Personality conflict is reduced ADVANTAGES OF TWO-MAN PATROL CAR 1. 3.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. which demanded the closing of the gates in London during sundown. preventive enforcement is doubled by having twice as many police cars on the street b. promotes self-reliance and self-confidence d. Magna Carta Law b. 39. a. Report containing the observation of the duty patrol officer that must be made upon reaching the end of his line beat before returning to his point of origin. 4. A one man alone develops self-reliance. The law that marks the beginning of the curfew hours. One officer does not have to drive a full eight hours. 1 d. citation must be issued within how many minutes? a. 5. driver can have someone to talk to and help keep him awake. Writ of Habeas Corpus 14 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Statute of 1295 c. patrol report sheet d. incident report 41. Inability to carry additional equipments 5. 3.

Pre-Patrol Preparation d. can enter small alleys and side streets d. Order in the Locality b. Reinforce. Engineered CCTV Operation System (ECO System) d. Administered. District Orientation Tour b.A. Policemen. covers wide area 15 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . a. a. Addressing. Solar System b. which would eventually draw the active support and cooperation of populace. Command Post b. dismisses the patrol officers after accounting b. Tasks. Part of preparations for patrol operation which involves familiarization of assigned area for patrolling upon arrival at the field. ideal in establishing rapport with the members of the community b. foot patrol can sneak up on situation where a patrol car is easily noticed when it approaches c. and Reinforced.L. in the Locale d. This is further emphasized by the acronym P. Patrollers. System used by the Metro Manila Development Authority through the use of smart close circuit television (CCTV) equipped with zoom lens to clearly identify the type and plate number of vehicles and recognize the identity of involved parties in a vehicular accident. Smart Traffic System c. Hermes System 47. Policemen. Policeman. In-Field Preparation 43. accounts personnel upon completion of their patrol duties c. Police Community Precinct d. and Law enforcement 45. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of Foot Patrol? a. On.T. a.R. Station Desk c. The following are the duties of Platoon Commander prior and subsequent to the deployment of duty patrol officers of the day. Vehicle Inspection e. Headed by a Police Commissioned Officer with a rank of Chief Inspector to Superintendent with a minimum thirty (30) personnel including the commander divided in three (3) shifts of eight (8) hours duty. which means… a. Law Enforcement c. Assigned.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 42. inspects the appearance and completeness of uniform and individual equipments e.O. and Trained to Reinforce. General Preparation c. To. Tasked. a. Integrated Patrol System provides a SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP between the police and community. disseminate orders and instructions prior to the actual dispatch of duty patrol officers 46. Related to Order maintenance. collects Daily Patrol Report for consolidation and reference d. Ordinance. Coordinating Center 44. Assigned.

business establishments dark areas and parking lots. family dwellings. Maintains better personal contact with citizens and develops community relations. surveillance. Also. 2. Random Foot Patrol – used in checking residential buildings. Moving Patrol – used when there is considerable foot movement such as business and shopping center. 6. where a patrol car is easily noticed when it approaches. a. the officer can maintain communications with the department and the mobile unit 7. ADVANTAGES OF FOOT PATROL 1. 3. Cannot be employed during inclement weather 4. Foot patrolman can provide immediate traffic control when it is needed. Fixed Foot Patrol – usually used for traffic. 5. TYPES OF FOOT PATROL 1. separates public from the police officers c. and special events. Officer can actually get to know the physical layout of his beat better. EXCEPT… a. Low mobility 3. 2.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOOT PATROL Commonly used in areas of crowded population or where there is heavy traffic congestion and assistance of an officer is needed to eliminate traffic jam. parades. neglects to make routine security checks d. and the like. b. 4. Line Beat Patrol – used in securing certain portion of road. Slow response time 2. Patrol officers can enter small alleys and side streets. A foot officer can sneak up on situation. it is the most expensive type of patrol in terms of human resources and most departments had reduced their foot patrols to minimum due to this. DISADVANTAGES OF FOOT PATROL 1. Requires huge amount of personnel 48. suspicious persons may go unnoticed b. Provides closer observation of persons and things. The following are the disadvantages of Automobile Patrol. establishes healthy police-community relations 16 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . By the use of a two-way radio.

Patrol cars can be used as barricades in roadblocks. Response Call CALLS ENCOUNTERED BY AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. 3. Canine Assisted Patrol d.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION AUTOMOBILE PATROL – the most economical and extensively used type of patrol and offers tactical ability when used in numbers. and they offer a high degree of safety during high-speed pursuits. Foot Patrol c. Automobile Patrol b. and transport one or several dogs on patrol and emergency ambulance during disaster. 2. One of the best means of preventive enforcement. 7. Routine Call – call where mobile car is required to observe the traffic laws and does not normally use flashing lights and siren while on its way to the scene of the crime. Slows down apprehension and surveillance operations. 49. 3. 50. 3. Routine Call d. DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. Patrol car allows the police officer to have a partner when needed. The most effective means of transportation for police patrol. 6. 2. ADVANTAGES OF AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. Neglect to make routine security checks. Emergency Call c. 2. Emergency Call – requires the use of flashing lights and siren except when there is an attempt to surprise the criminals in the act. Which of the following is NOT a type of police patrol? a. Call which requires the use of flashing lights and sirens except when there is an attempt to surprise the criminals in the act. Offers protection to officers. Urgent Call b. 5. 4. 4. the speed of the automobile allow them to service the whole area and do so efficiently. Where speed and mobility is needed such as in large area that must be covered by few officers. Permits the officer to carry extra equipment. Urgent Call – the responding patrol car has to observe the traffic laws without need of using flashing lights and siren but proceed directly to its destination without stopping en route unless incident of far more serious occurs. a. Suspicious persons may go unnoticed. It separates the public from the police. Provides constant availability to public calls. TV Patrol 17 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations .

and is also established when nearby checkpoints are ignored or during hot pursuit operations. These specialists may operate under the supervision of the patrol supervisor or may entirely operate independent patrol force. which is duly authorized by the PNP. Primary Purpose of Decoy Patrol: detection and interception of crime. Sector Patrol DECOY PATROL is performed by a group of highly trained specialist rather than regular patrol personnel. Quite different from traditional patrol methods in that the strategy is to rely on disguise. 18 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . including the power to use all necessary and legal means to accomplish such end. Undercover / Decoy Patrol d. Police Box HASTY CHECKPOINT – immediate response to block the escape of lawless elements from a crime scene. Hasty Checkpoint c. STOPPING ZONE – strategic predetermined area strongly sealed off. a. aboard a vehicle or on foot. Location where the search. enforce the law. PREDETERMINED AREA – specific or projected spot where the armed and dangerous person or persons would pass or likely to pass and so tactically located as to gain calculated advantage against said person or persons.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 51. 52. and for other legitimate purposes. Secondary Purpose of Decoy Patrol: prevention of crime. Police Checkpoint d. Plainclothes Patrol c. is conducted to deter / prevent the commission of crimes. HIGH-RISK STOP – actual stopping or accosting of armed and dangerous person or persons. recent chase or follow-up without material interval for the purpose of taking into custody any person wanted by virtue of a warrant. Proactive Patrol b. HIGH-RISK ARREST –actual restraint of armed persons following a high-risk stop. and lying in wait rather than high and low visibility patrols technique. barricaded and occupied by tactical forces in a lawful display of authority to maintain law and order or in defensive response to an event of criminal nature or of such gravity that occurred or likely to occur calling for high risk stop or arrest. deception. a. Command Coordination Centre b. HOT PURSUIT (CROSS-JURISDICTIONAL PURSUIT / FRESH PURSUIT) – immediate.

investigation. service units ORGANIC UNITS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1. finance. 2. 55. . major units b. . release him It is a rule in “Pat-Down Search” that if the external patting of the suspect’s clothing fails to disclose evidence of a weapon. traffic management and vice control. a. 183. Functional or Support Functions FUNCTIONS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1. Act No. Manila Police Department b. delivering the services and dealing directly with the public. maintenance. and training. quarter lesser 57. Examples are communication.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 53. Primary or Line Functions c. arrest him for resistance of order d. Integrated National Police c. traffic management. Functions that carry out the major purposes of organization. What should be done if the external patting of the suspect’s clothing fails to disclose evidence of weapon? a. Philippine National Police Academy 56. Examples are personnel. a. Insular Police Force d. a. operational units c. twice more c. Organic units that perform patrol operations. force him to show his pocket c. a. 3. Operational Units – those that perform primary or line functions such as patrol. triple more b. 19 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . the law which created the. supplies and equipment management. 54. administrative units d. Staff or Administrative Functions – functions that are designed to support the line functions. Staff or Administrative Functions d. Primary or Line Functions – (defined in the above question) examples are patrol officers. traffic enforcers and criminal investigators. planning. Conducted by at least two (2) officers. investigation and vice control. Auxiliary Functions – functions involving the logistical operations of the organization. records management. procure a search warrant immediately b. no further search may be made. half lesser d. Auxiliary Functions b. When driving with partner the driving officer must cover 100% of his vision in front and passenger officer must cover _______ than the former.

a. bureaus FUNCTIONAL UNITS 1. unified delivery of service b. 1st digit of Patrol Beats refers to the numerical value assigned to. Unified Delivery of Service – its importance is to develop every member on all skills rather than focusing on single skill only. This is necessary for specialization. divisions b. Service Units – those that perform auxiliary functions examples are communication. a. unity of supervision ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURES OF TEAM POLICING 1. . Functional groups within a section where further specialization is needed. 4. low level flexibility in decision making c. units d. Bureau – largest functional organic unit within a large department. PNP under the DILG. Example of which are personnel. 58. team of five (5) to ten (10) men is assigned according to concentration of crimes and citizens-calls for police assistance 60. Example.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 2. planning. Organizational feature of team policing which aims to encourage consistency and continuity of police policies and procedures and to provide greater uniformity in developing solutions to community problems. Combined Investigation and Patrol Function – it is intended to unify the investigators and patrol officers to a more competent and cooperative approach to crime solving. combined investigation and patrol function d. nuclei c. Administrative Units –those that perform administrative functions. 3. 2. Units – (defined above) 59. a. Low Level Flexibility in Decision Making – members are encouraged to share and exchange ideas and work together in solving problems within their area of responsibility. Division – it is the primary subdivision of bureau. and NBI under the DOJ. . Section – functional unit within a particular division. finance. Unity of Supervision – (SUPRA) 2. In NCR. records management. Police Community Precinct 20 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 3. In Team Policing. and training. 4. District c. and the like. 3.

Beat PATROL BEATS IDENTIFICATION FOR NCR – Identifiable by five (5) digit number 1. 3. 5. PRE-DEPLOYMENT PHASE a. and disseminate instruction/order. if applicable. Platoon Commanders shall conduct inspection as to appearance and completeness of individual equipment. Municipality / City within the district d. THE OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES IN THE CONDUCT OF BEAT PATROL 1. 6th and 7th Digits refer to the particular beat. 2. 2. 4th Digit refers to a number assigned to municipality or city. d. Second Digit refers to the number assigned to each of the municipality / city within the district. 1. 5th Digit refers to the PCP’s. The members of the patrol team shall form and assemble at the police unit Headquarters at least thirty (30) minutes before the start of their shift for their accounting. 2. First Digit refers to the numerical value assigned to district. He may. Fourth and Fifth Digits refer to the number assigned to particular beat. b.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. 4. the Platoon Commanders shall conduct a short troop information and education. c. After the inspection. DEPLOYMENT PHASE 21 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . e. Third Digit refers to the number assigned to the particular PCP. PATROL BEATS IDENTIFICATION FOR REGIONS – identifiable by a seven (7) digit number. 4. The Front Desk Officer shall then read their assigned line beats. disseminate information / requirements that should be monitored during their patrol duty. The Front Desk Officer shall make the report on the higher Headquarters on the dispatch of the patrollers. 3rd Digit refers to a number assigned to a particular province within the region. 1st and 2nd Digits refer to number of region. 3.

Police Unit Commander shall collect the Daily Patrol Report and submit the same to the police Headquarters for consolidation and reference. b. c. All unusual incidents which came to their attention must be reported or recorded in the patrol sheet report. the patrol officer shall make a situation report before returning to their point of origin. Their Platoon Commanders shall then properly dismiss them after conducting an accounting of personnel. Upon arrival at their beats. patrol officers shall report to the desk officer and give the number and name of patrol members and their location. e. or crime-prone areas wherein crime is frequently or often committed. Geographical Distribution – it involves weighing categories of incidents and accounting the number of identifiable hazards and street mileage. when and who committed them. d.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION a.  Crime Clock – it signifies what crime is often or frequently committed. 2. Upon reaching the end of his line beat. They shall likewise give their situation report which shall be done on an hour basis. d. c. FACTORS AFFECTING THE EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION OF PATROL FORCES 1.  Crime Map – location or place. 3. POST DEPLOYMENT PHASE a. the patrol officers shall adopt the “buddy-buddy system” keeping in mind to make a patrol plan and follow the procedures. They should familiarize how crimes are committed. Patrol officers shall likewise accomplish the Daily Patrol Report before being released and discharged. Chronological Distribution – it involves consideration of the nature and causes of crime. While on patrol. 22 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . patrol officers shall return to their Patrol Unit Headquarters and surrender the team equipments. b. Patrol officers shall turnover to the Front Desk Officer On-Duty all items confiscated / recovered during their patrol duty. After the tour of duty.

REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 3. 23 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 4. Walking Beats – involves determining man hours needed to cover the streets and alleys to inspect the police hazards that would prevail within the AOR. Motor Patrol Distribution – involves determining the need to shift motor patrol units hour-by-hour at the area according to where and when crime most likely to occur.

Freewheeling Pattern b. one (1) building. Chain of Command c. Simplicity 2. Inspector Kalmado ordered retreat to avoid additional casualties. by hook or by crook. Patrol pattern which is conducted not in random but with definite target location. personnel d. while the other half remained and died. SPOIV Awayero. turned into a violent encounter. Hermes System c. Solar System 6. another team leader of the arresting team and the father of the two officers who were shot. Post-Deployment Phase b. When it comes to speed in searching a capacity ratio between the dog-to-police a. finance c. The following are the functions of the administrative unit of the PNP.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION MOCK BOARD EXAMINATION LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION (LEA-III) POLICE PATROL OPERATIONS Instruction: ENCIRCLE the letter of the BEST answer ---------------------------------------------------------------1. Straightway Pattern d. What system should be adopted by the deployed officers in conducting patrol within their beats? a. Deployment Phase d. planning b. Refers to the actual restraint of armed person or group following a high-risk stop. However. Half of the arresting team retreated. The arrest of X. On what phase does the duty patrol officer accomplish his Daily Patrol Report? a. investigation 3. one (1) b. Community Oriented Policing System d. What principle of the organization was not carried out properly? a. what is officer? is to twenty-one (21) is to twenty-eight (28) 4. 24 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Buddy-Buddy System b. arrest the members of the violent group. Mission failed. Counter-Clockwise Pattern 5. Clockwise Pattern c. Two officers were shot by the armed group resulting to their instantaneous death. a. Formation Phase 7. one (1) is to four (4) c. EXCEPT… a. one (1) is to seven (7) d. ordered to. Unity of Command d. Due to this. the team leader of the arresting team. Pre-Deployment Phase c. a member of a group of gunmen. Command Responsibility b.

In principle of Command Responsibility. criminal apprehension d. criminal arrest c. their “buddies” b. a. Threat b. Risk d. their deed 25 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . thing. situation or condition which. Any person.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION a. their superior officers c. . Hazard c. high-risk arrest 8. if allowed to exist may induce an accident or cause the commission of crime. themselves d. place. Police Hazard 9. a. all mistakes of subordinates are accountable to . arrest b. .

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