REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION

A. LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
IV. POLICE PATROL OPERATIONS

1. Also known to be the “Anti-Drunk Driving Act of the 2013”.
a. RA 10592
c. RA 10586
b. RA 4136
d. RA 10175
2. To carry out the main objective of proactive policing activity, the Head of
Patrol Unit of the local PNP increased the number police patrol officers who
are well-trained in community relations. They had been oriented to establish
a healthy relationship with the residents to gather their confidence and
cooperation especially in watching for any untoward incidents, and to report
the same for police actions. What objective of police patrol operation is being
emphasized in the given scenario?
a. Police Immersion
c. Criminal Detection,
Apprehension, and Detention
b. Participative Law Enforcement
d. Team Policing
POLICE IMMERSION – part of community oriented policing technique
wherein patrol officers are deployed to familiarize, and mingle with the
residents of his area of responsibility so that they would know them.
3. Arranging of personnel and functions in a systematic manner designed to
accommodate stated goals and objectives in the most efficient manner
possible.
a. Organization
c. Administration
b. Employment
d. Management
ORGANIZATION is also defined as a group of people working together
to achieve a common goal.
4. In this method, the suspect stands with his feet together, his head tilted
straightly back, and his eyes closed while he estimates the passage of a
certain time.
a. One Leg Stand Test
c. Horizontal Nystagmus Test
b. Finger to Nose Test
d. Romberg’s Balance Test
5. The word “patrol” was derived from the French word “patrouiller” which
means. . .
a. to carry burden
c. to go through puddles
b. to wander away from home
d. to move from one place to
another
Etymology of the word POLICE
 Politeia is a Greek word which means a government of a city.
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CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations

REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION

Politia is a Roman word which means a condition of a state,
government and administration.

Etymology of the word PATROL
 Patrouiller is a French word which means “to go through puddles”
6. A principle of sound police patrol organization which is based on the belief
that an individual should be responsible to one and only one person at any
given time and in any given situation.
a. Chain of Command
c. Unity of Command
b. Span of Control
d. Organizing by Function
ORGANIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES
The following are the principles that enable goals of patrol affairs
achieved:
1. Simplicity – which can be done by providing simple organizational
plan clearly understood by all concerned, yet detailed to provide
clear lines of authority and responsibility.
2. Organizing by Function – it emphasizes the grouping of similar
tasks, job assignments, performance of functions together and
placing them under a single supervision or command officer. In
keeping this principle basic distinction between line and staff
functions must be observed.
3. Chain of Command – it holds that successive person in the chain
of command, from the first level supervisor to the chief of police
must be given an opportunity to deal with those incidents for which
he or she is responsible. A person cannot be held accountable if the
chain of command is violated by allowing other persons below to
handle the situation.
4. Span of Control – it is based on the assumption that there is a
limit to the number of individuals that one person can effectively
supervise. It depends upon various factors such as:
a. The type and complexity of the work performed
b. The skills, training and experience of personnel performing
the work
c. The degree of specialization involved in the work performed
d. The knowledge, skills and experience of the supervisor
5. Unity of Command – (SUPRA)
7. Part of Foot Patrol Tactics is to walk close to the ______ during the day and
close to the building at night.
a. residential houses
c. gates
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CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations

High Visibility Patrol b. bicycle patrol d. It provides extra coverage without alarming the occupants with an unusual number of police officer. Post – (SUPRA) 2. a. scooter patrol b. Straightway Pattern 3 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Plainclothes Patrol c. Clockwise Pattern c. a. 30 minutes 9. commercial establishments 8. routes or posts. foot patrol c. Police High Visibility Patrol b. The following types of patrol are NOT conducted in SECTOR. 11. Reactive Patrol c. a. 15 minutes c. Sector – Area containing two or more beats. a. Team Policing d. Proactive Patrol d. Police Low Visibility Patrol PATROL ACTIVITIES 1. Beat – Area assigned for foot patrol purposes. a. During the Pre-Deployment Phase. 25 minutes b. 12. Beat d. 3. members of the Patrol Team shall form and assemble at the Patrol Unit Headquarters at least _________ before the start of their shift for their accounting. EXCEPT… a.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. 5. 4. curb d. automobile patrol 13. Proactive Patrol – (SUPRA) 2. Route c. A fixed point or location to which an officer as assigned for duty. Post TERRITORIAL UNITS IN PATROL 1. This type of assignment is particularly effective for SATURATION COVERAGE of high crime areas. Alternative patrol system which means the fielding of the field units in their respective areas of responsibility with prescribed objectives and verifiable tasks scheduled for the day to augment the calls and other onsight activities that make up the officer’s day. such as designated desk office or an intersection or crosswalk for traffic duty or spot location for general guard duty. District – Geographical subdivision of a large city. Police Immersion 10. District b. 6. This is done at the last hour of the eight-hour tour of duty to ensure that nothing unusual has happened to the area of responsibility. Route / Line Beat – A length of street or streets designated for patrol purposes. Reactive Patrol – a patrol activity which consist of driving around the district waiting for something to happen. 20 minutes d. Area – Section or territorial division of a large city.

4. Counter-Clockwise Pattern d. Target Oriented Patrol – patrol strategy directed towards specific reasons or places. Police Low Visibility Patrol – performed by patrol officers in plainclothes patrol or in unmarked vehicle with the primary purpose crime repression. not at random but with a definite target location where the patrol officer knows that his presence is necessary. Straightway or Crisscross Pattern – done by patrolling the length of the street and therefore the easiest to observe. Cloverleaf Pattern – conducted on a highway intersection designed to route traffic without interference by means of a system of curving ramps from one level to another in the form of four (4) leaf clover. Clockwise Pattern – done in the start of the eight-hour tour of duty. Zigzag or Freewheeling – this is done by patrolling the streets within the perimeter of the beats. 4. 3. This action is based on the study of the situation and condition of the beat. it increases the aura of police omnipresence b. 2. Freewheeling Pattern PATROL PATTERNS 1. EXCEPT… a. 3. Counter-Clockwise Pattern – this technique is simply the reverse of the clockwise pattern.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. used to increase the probability of arrest d. The following are the advantages of police high visibility patrol. 14. it diminishes desire to commit crime c. 5. Directed Deterrent Patrol – it is a patrol strategy which differs from traditional patrol methods wherein patrol officers perform 4 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Its purpose is for the patrol officer to survey the condition and situation of the boundaries of his area of responsibility. eliminates opportunity on the part of would-be offender to commit crime VISIBILITY PATROL STRATEGIES 1. Police High Visibility Patrol – has the objective of increasing the “aura of police omnipresence” in the community to reduce certain type of crime. This is done at the last hour of the eighthour tour of duty to ensure that nothing unusual has happened within the area of responsibility. 2.

4. Vehicle Inspection – involves inspection of patrol vehicles to be used before going out of patrol. military and alert manner b. This is effective if the information regarding crime trends is based on crime analysis. his attitude must be positive. a. Done during the “In-Field Preparation” phase. which is devoted to the giving of specific assignments. a. In order to have knowledge about their task. perform it in __________. Included in Patrol Tactics is that whatever patrol pattern is used. or the police block as the case may be. 2. 5. 15. precinct. Pre-patrol Preparation – Prior to going out on patrol the policeman should be armed with knowledge and equipment. In-Field Preparation – whenever possible. vehicles to be used and partner (if any). irregular and unpredictable manner 5 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 16. the police officer who is to go out on patrol should have a “debriefing conference” with the relieving officer. Assembly b. 3. Interactive Patrol Strategy – emphasis is on police-citizen interaction wherein community input is sought in resolving patrol problems. regular and definite manner c. District Orientation Tour – involves familiarization of assigned area for patrolling upon arrival in the field. As much as possible. Aggressive Patrol Strategy – emphasis is on the positive target oriented activities which includes physical security inspection. Debriefing Conference c. 5. break and meal time and patrol assignments. fast and furious manner d. Conference d. there is a “fall-in” formation at headquarters. Indoctrination PREPARATIONS FOR PATROL OPERATIONS 1.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION specific predetermined preventive functions on a planned systematic basis. 6. General Preparation – The first and foremost in his preparation for patrol duty is attitude preparation. where the outgoing patrol officer orients the relieving officer as to the condition of their particular area of responsibility prior to the former’s turnover.

FOX d. Non-Uniformed Component COMPONENTS OF INTEGRATED PATROL SYSTEM 1. WOLVES WOLVES – Wireless Operational Link and Video Exploration System 18. a. 19. because the dog can now be the eyes and ears of his handler in situations. WOLF c. Participative Law Enforcement TEAM POLICING – it attempts to integrate the police and the community interest into a working relationship so as to produce the desired objective of peacekeeping in the community. Auxiliary Component b. and NGOs. It is a grass-root approach undertaken to bring the people and the police together in a cooperative situation. the line beat patrols. a. and detective repressive patrol. CANINE b. police community precinct (PCP). civilian volunteers. Team Policing b. the barangay tanods. Community Oriented Policing System d. where saving life is a paramount objective. Patrol Component d. Fixed Component c. Police Beats – consists of identifiable boundaries within area of responsibility where an officer can conduct patrol. radio groups. Team Policing originated in Aberdeen. barangay tanods. a. 3. the traffic enforcer. Fixed Component – includes the different police station headquarters. The system of attaching miniature camera and transmitter to a search dog which makes the dog man’s best friend and even better friend. Component of Integrated Patrol System which includes security guards deployed in the area. police visibility points and traffic post.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 17. and officers of non-government organizations. Patrol Component – includes air patrol. a. mobile patrols. Scotland. junior police. Coordinating Center. 2. New Cops on the Block c. 6 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . or Command Post. b. a. Auxiliary Component – includes the security guards deployed in area. volunteers. traffic enforcers. Station Desk – serves as 3 C’s of police force: Communication. Police Community Precinct – it is headed by a Police Commission Officer with a rank of Chief Inspector or Superintendent with a minimum of thirty (30) personnel including the commander divided in three (3) shifts of eight (8) hours duty.

a. Basically. 23. Deterrence d. . ADVANTAGES OF CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. searching and detection of drugs in packages or on suspects. Discouragement 22. backbone of police agency c. Patrol Division. Psychology / Aura of Police Omnipresence c. dispersing crowd. A dog is capable of recognizing an odor ten (10) million times better than human can. a. It is essential for most mediumsized and large police departments. First used by Egyptians for patrolling. Romans b. dangerous search situations (identification of suspected bomb). 3. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of Mounted Patrol? a. Canine dogs provide protection for patrol officer 7 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Americans d. environment friendly c. Mounted officers can see three (3) blocks more than a foot patrol officer. is considered as. Diffusion b. due to its significant value in attaining the main objective of the national law enforcement agency. . guarding suspects. Pertains to the feeling of would-be criminals that policemen are everywhere. dealing with street gangs. taking fleeing suspects into custody. This is usually conducted in wooden and large park areas. Provides great assistance in search and rescue as well as in smelling out illegal drugs and bombs. etc. People who first used “Canine Assisted Patrol”. b. This gives the feeling of fear on his (would-be offender) part and of safety on the part of law abiding citizens. basic police function 21. could be used in certain areas where automobile is prohibited such as wooden areas.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 20. police dogs are especially useful in high crime areas. backbone of police operation d. ideal to use in National Highways d. backbone of the law enforcement b. economical MOUNTED / HORSE PATROL The second to the oldest patrol type (next to foot patrol). a. 2. Germans c. A single K-9 team is able to complete building searches seven (7) times faster than four (4) officers working together to search the same building. Egyptians CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1.

the show window of the police precinct b. German Shepherd – the most frequently used and high scoring dog for police work. a. Foot Patrol d. Never hesitate to offer any help consistent with the purpose of law enforcement. Patrol officers are _________.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 2. service d. Doberman Pinschers 6. Best in locating trapped people during emergencies 3. Can be used in crowd control 4. sagging jaws. Rottweiler 5. and keen sense of smell. frontliners d. generalists c. Works with only one (1) handler 3. all of them is correct 26. 2. Bicycle Patrol ADVANTAGES OF BICYCLE PATROL 1. Type of patrol which has been used in many countries as a simple and inexpensive means of transportation to carry police officers throughout patrol districts. crime control b. a. Dog training is extensive and expensive. It has the advantage of mobility and stealth 2. Expensive to maintain 2. It can cover areas not accessible by motorcycle or patrol cars 8 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Territorial BREEDS OF DOGS APPROPRIATE FOR POLICE WORKS 1. Automobile Patrol b. hence their help in law enforcement is given the greatest value. 3. Newfound Lands 24. immersion 25. Giant Schnauzers 8. Motorcycle Patrol c. Bloodhounds – a large powerful dog with dropping ears. Airedale Terriers 7. It has the advantage of stealth and mobility. Black Labrador Retrievers 4. a. corruption c. Inexpensive to procure and maintain compare to other methods 3. Great assistance in locating narcotics and bomb DISADVANTAGES OF CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. because patrol does not only mean protection but _______ as well. requires three (3) months to train 4.

kill or inflict violence to other people to complete or fulfill his illegitimate end. name plate and insignia b.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. a. commit further crimes. contaminate or destroy potential evidence at the crime scene to mislead investigation. vandalism in residential areas. Once suspended. Biking is a good form of exercise to maintain excellent physique and good health 5. and the time between the dispatch of patrol officer / first responder at the actual scene of the crime and his arrival could also be considered critical time. 28. Which of the following is NOT considered “critical time”? a. either victim of crime or not. private firearm c. Apprehended criminals cannot be transported 3. could be saved. burglary. Inability to carry additional equipment 2. CRITICAL TIME pertains to a certain period in which a suspect could flee or might be able to conceal his means of committing crime. service firearm d. It can be effectively used by plainclothes officer while conducting surveillance DISADVANTAGES OF BICYCLE PATROL 1. basic salary 29. parks and shopping malls 6. Danger involved in driving 27. CRITICAL TIME – Also defined as the time between the call of concerned individual to the police regarding crime incident and the arrival at the scene. It is effective in combating theft. a police officer. time between the end of caller-police conversation and broadcast of the report by the radio dispatcher to the specific car assigned to the scene d. determine the nature of the crime committed and once identified either sensational or significant. before leaving the office or station where he is assigned will surrender his ___________ to his immediate supervisor. or any other similar effects. after due notice and summary hearing. none of them Basically. Which of the following is the duty of a patrol officer as the First Responder at the crime scene? a. Time between the commission of crime (example: murder) and discovery of the effects (dead body). time between the commission of crime and the call to the police b. time between the lifting of the receiver and the beginning of the actual message between the caller and the desk officer c. and dying person. request assistance from the SOCO 9 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations .

Line Beat c. Dispatcher b. five (5) minutes d. fifteen (15) minutes RESPONSE TIME – refers to the running time of the dispatched patrol car from his position where the assignment was received and the arrival at the scene. Detective Beat (DB) is concerned with the crime solution angle while the Police Beat (PB) has the primary role of crime prevention. Investigative System DISTINCTION BETWEEN POLICE BEAT AND DETECTIVE BEAT 1. Integrated Patrol System d. Conduct inspection as to the appearance and completeness of 10 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . ten (10) minutes b. release the crime scene by lifting up the cordon c. Detective Beat System c. routes. WOLVES b. Sector b. PB occupies a particular area of responsibility while the detectives have the primary responsibility of first response in all cases reported for investigation purposes. Platoon Commander a. Platoon Commander DUTIES OF PATROL OFFICERS IN EVERY PATROL PHASE Patrol Phase Patrol Personnel Duty 1. 33. upon assumption of responsibility. a. who shall properly dismiss the duty patrol officers after conducting their accounting? a. a. Police Unit Commander d. secure the area by cordoning it and allow no one to enter unless authorized 30. Its purpose is to provide the organizational and operational framework in truly effecting mechanisms towards enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of the PNP’s investigation capability. In Post-Deployment Phase. Post d. An area containing two or more beats. assist the SOCO team in identifying and collecting potential evidence that might prove the guilt of the suspect in criminal proceeding d. What is ideal police response time in the Philippines? a. or posts.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. One of the concrete responses of the PNP in reinventing the field of investigation. 2. DB may be different from PB but the former compliments the latter in serving and protecting the community 3. Desk Officer c. 31. District 32. three (3) minutes c.

Report or record all unusual incidents which came to their attention 11 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . They shall likewise give their situation report which shall be done on an hour basis. b. If applicable. c. A. Report to the desk officer and give the number and name of patrol members and their location.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION individual equipment. Read assigned line beats. 2. 1. Deployment Phase a. b. Duty Patrol Officer B. Make the report on the higher headquarters on the dispatch of the patrollers. he shall make a situation before returning to their point of origin. d. he may disseminate information or requirements that should be monitored during their patrol duty. Front Desk Officer a. PreDeployment Phase b. Adopt a “buddybuddy system” and keep in mind to make a patrol plan and follow the procedures. Conduct a short troop information and education and disseminate instructions or order. Upon reaching the end of their line beat.

gamblers. 1. warehouse. prison and jail. 34. unoccupied dwelling. and gambling dens. drug peddlers. banks. Persons – includes criminals. situation. or condition which. Places – it includes terminals. place. Unusual Occurrence HAZARD – it refers to any person. Platoon Commander a. conventions. demonstrations. Police Unit Commander a. situation. Turnover to the Front Desk Officer on duty all items confiscated or recovered during their patrol duty. thing. PostDeployment Phase 2. Attractive Nuisance b. or condition possessing high potential for criminal attack or for creation of any other type of problem necessitating a demand for immediate police service. POLICE HAZARD – (SUPRA) KINDS OF POLICE HAZARDS 1. a. prostitutes. and political meetings. Collect the Daily Patrol Report and submit the same to the police headquarters for consolidation and reference.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION in the patrol sheet report. C. 3. if allowed to exist may induce an accident or cause a commission of crime. juvenile delinquents. venues of parades. addicts. 3. pawnshops. Duty Patrol Officer a. Accomplish the daily patrol report before being released and discharged b. gambling joints. Any person. and schools. 12 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Police Hazard c. alcoholics. place. Dismiss patrol officers after conducting an accounting of personnel. athletic events. 2. drug dens. Police Haggard d. and insane persons. Property – includes piers. thing.

maneuverability d. Through this technique. they can be used in demonstrations. UNUSUAL OCCURRENCE (definition) 35. or are about to occur. It is different from custodial interrogation therefore reciting Miranda Warning is NOT applicable. Relatively high cost to operate. feasts. stop. can be an asset in public relation efforts e. stop. 13 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Danger involved in riding causing a greater number of accidents. in public affairs . demonstrations. monitor. frisk and street interrogation b. ATTRACTIVE NUISANCE The doctrine in tort law which holds that one who maintains a dangerous instrumentality on his premises which is likely to attract children is under a duty to reasonably protect those children against the dangers of attraction. Cannot be used when there is an inclement weather. a deterrent impact to wouldbe criminals. a. athletic events. tap down and apprehend STREET INTERVIEW / INTERROGATION – In this method. etc. and listen c. dogs are territorial and its handler and cruiser are part of its territory 37. stop. Feature of “motorcycle patrol” which makes it ideal in anti-bank robbery mission. Situations – conventions. the patrol officers aggressively investigate crimes that may have just occurred. 36. This method is highly visible. parades. Which of the following is a DISADVANTAGE of Canine Assisted Patrol? a. speed c. 2. or parades d. High mobility especially in congested traffic 2. Quick response to emergency call DISADVANTAGES OF MOTORCYCLE PATROL 1. and alert d. Which of the following is/are the common patrol practice particularly high crime areas? a. maintenance ADVANTAGES OF MOTORCYCLE PATROL 1. locating trapped people and concealed contrabands c. stealth b. creates feeling of fear on the part of the would-be troublemakers f. are occurring. school. look. person whose answers arouse suspicion of criminal involvement gives the police a probable cause to arrest him. stop. political meetings. 3. provides protection for solo patrol b.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4.

five (5) minutes b. 4. mistake by one officer may be noticed and immediately corrected by his partner ADVANTAGES OF ONE-MAN PATROL CAR 1. 3. citation must be issued within how many minutes? a. Mistakes that one-man make may be caught by his partner and vice versa. daily record of event c. 39. Commonwealth Act No. patrol report sheet d. preventive enforcement is doubled by having twice as many police cars on the street b. Inability to carry additional equipments 5. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of One-Mobile Man Patrol? a. Two pairs of eyes are better than one. a. situation report b. which demanded the closing of the gates in London during sundown. two (2) minutes c. office who is alone devotes his full attention to driving and beat observation rather than talking with his partner e. A one man alone develops self-reliance. When the officer is alone he devotes his attention to his driving and the beat rather than to the conversation with partner. 2. On the quiet night.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. and he is therefore more rested and can do a better job. 4. 2. personality clashes are reduced and avoided c. incident report 41. Writ of Habeas Corpus 14 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . One officer does not have to drive a full eight hours. Having twice as many police cars in the street doubles the preventive enforcement. Report containing the observation of the duty patrol officer that must be made upon reaching the end of his line beat before returning to his point of origin. In case of traffic rule violations. The law that marks the beginning of the curfew hours. 3. 5. Rough driving affects the driver’s health 38. promotes self-reliance and self-confidence d. Magna Carta Law b. Statute of 1295 c. a. Personality conflict is reduced ADVANTAGES OF TWO-MAN PATROL CAR 1. Provides the officer with a greater safety factor by doubling the firepower and physical protection. three (3) minutes d. driver can have someone to talk to and help keep him awake. ten (10) minutes 40. 1 d.

ideal in establishing rapport with the members of the community b. Policemen. Ordinance. Tasked.T.O. covers wide area 15 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . This is further emphasized by the acronym P. collects Daily Patrol Report for consolidation and reference d. Policeman. which would eventually draw the active support and cooperation of populace. Administered. Patrollers. Related to Order maintenance. Police Community Precinct d. can enter small alleys and side streets d. Order in the Locality b. Hermes System 47. Law Enforcement c. disseminate orders and instructions prior to the actual dispatch of duty patrol officers 46. Coordinating Center 44. District Orientation Tour b. Addressing. a.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 42. General Preparation c. On. and Reinforced. foot patrol can sneak up on situation where a patrol car is easily noticed when it approaches c. Integrated Patrol System provides a SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP between the police and community. which means… a. In-Field Preparation 43. a. Pre-Patrol Preparation d. Tasks. Command Post b. Solar System b. Part of preparations for patrol operation which involves familiarization of assigned area for patrolling upon arrival at the field.R. System used by the Metro Manila Development Authority through the use of smart close circuit television (CCTV) equipped with zoom lens to clearly identify the type and plate number of vehicles and recognize the identity of involved parties in a vehicular accident. a. dismisses the patrol officers after accounting b. inspects the appearance and completeness of uniform and individual equipments e. Vehicle Inspection e. Headed by a Police Commissioned Officer with a rank of Chief Inspector to Superintendent with a minimum thirty (30) personnel including the commander divided in three (3) shifts of eight (8) hours duty. The following are the duties of Platoon Commander prior and subsequent to the deployment of duty patrol officers of the day.A. Engineered CCTV Operation System (ECO System) d. accounts personnel upon completion of their patrol duties c. Station Desk c. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of Foot Patrol? a. and Law enforcement 45. Smart Traffic System c. in the Locale d. Policemen. Reinforce. a. and Trained to Reinforce. Assigned. To. Assigned.L.

suspicious persons may go unnoticed b. establishes healthy police-community relations 16 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Random Foot Patrol – used in checking residential buildings. Slow response time 2. Maintains better personal contact with citizens and develops community relations. EXCEPT… a. parades. Line Beat Patrol – used in securing certain portion of road. 3. 5. 2. where a patrol car is easily noticed when it approaches. DISADVANTAGES OF FOOT PATROL 1.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOOT PATROL Commonly used in areas of crowded population or where there is heavy traffic congestion and assistance of an officer is needed to eliminate traffic jam. Patrol officers can enter small alleys and side streets. Cannot be employed during inclement weather 4. the officer can maintain communications with the department and the mobile unit 7. a. it is the most expensive type of patrol in terms of human resources and most departments had reduced their foot patrols to minimum due to this. and the like. Requires huge amount of personnel 48. Low mobility 3. The following are the disadvantages of Automobile Patrol. TYPES OF FOOT PATROL 1. ADVANTAGES OF FOOT PATROL 1. neglects to make routine security checks d. Moving Patrol – used when there is considerable foot movement such as business and shopping center. separates public from the police officers c. b. Provides closer observation of persons and things. family dwellings. Foot patrolman can provide immediate traffic control when it is needed. business establishments dark areas and parking lots. 4. A foot officer can sneak up on situation. Also. 6. and special events. 2. By the use of a two-way radio. Officer can actually get to know the physical layout of his beat better. surveillance. Fixed Foot Patrol – usually used for traffic.

DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. Permits the officer to carry extra equipment. Canine Assisted Patrol d. It separates the public from the police. the speed of the automobile allow them to service the whole area and do so efficiently. Response Call CALLS ENCOUNTERED BY AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. 3. 4. Which of the following is NOT a type of police patrol? a. Urgent Call – the responding patrol car has to observe the traffic laws without need of using flashing lights and siren but proceed directly to its destination without stopping en route unless incident of far more serious occurs. Foot Patrol c. 7. Where speed and mobility is needed such as in large area that must be covered by few officers. Emergency Call c. Call which requires the use of flashing lights and sirens except when there is an attempt to surprise the criminals in the act. Offers protection to officers. ADVANTAGES OF AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. 4. Routine Call d. Automobile Patrol b. 3. Patrol cars can be used as barricades in roadblocks. Slows down apprehension and surveillance operations. Routine Call – call where mobile car is required to observe the traffic laws and does not normally use flashing lights and siren while on its way to the scene of the crime. Suspicious persons may go unnoticed. and transport one or several dogs on patrol and emergency ambulance during disaster. One of the best means of preventive enforcement. Urgent Call b. 50. TV Patrol 17 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 3. a. 6. Provides constant availability to public calls.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION AUTOMOBILE PATROL – the most economical and extensively used type of patrol and offers tactical ability when used in numbers. 2. 5. 2. and they offer a high degree of safety during high-speed pursuits. Neglect to make routine security checks. 2. Emergency Call – requires the use of flashing lights and siren except when there is an attempt to surprise the criminals in the act. 49. Patrol car allows the police officer to have a partner when needed. The most effective means of transportation for police patrol.

52. Proactive Patrol b. Primary Purpose of Decoy Patrol: detection and interception of crime. STOPPING ZONE – strategic predetermined area strongly sealed off. Location where the search. a. Police Checkpoint d. HIGH-RISK ARREST –actual restraint of armed persons following a high-risk stop. These specialists may operate under the supervision of the patrol supervisor or may entirely operate independent patrol force. and for other legitimate purposes. enforce the law. Quite different from traditional patrol methods in that the strategy is to rely on disguise. which is duly authorized by the PNP. PREDETERMINED AREA – specific or projected spot where the armed and dangerous person or persons would pass or likely to pass and so tactically located as to gain calculated advantage against said person or persons. aboard a vehicle or on foot. HOT PURSUIT (CROSS-JURISDICTIONAL PURSUIT / FRESH PURSUIT) – immediate. Plainclothes Patrol c. deception. and is also established when nearby checkpoints are ignored or during hot pursuit operations. a. and lying in wait rather than high and low visibility patrols technique. Police Box HASTY CHECKPOINT – immediate response to block the escape of lawless elements from a crime scene. barricaded and occupied by tactical forces in a lawful display of authority to maintain law and order or in defensive response to an event of criminal nature or of such gravity that occurred or likely to occur calling for high risk stop or arrest. Command Coordination Centre b. Undercover / Decoy Patrol d. including the power to use all necessary and legal means to accomplish such end. Sector Patrol DECOY PATROL is performed by a group of highly trained specialist rather than regular patrol personnel. is conducted to deter / prevent the commission of crimes. Hasty Checkpoint c. recent chase or follow-up without material interval for the purpose of taking into custody any person wanted by virtue of a warrant.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 51. 18 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . HIGH-RISK STOP – actual stopping or accosting of armed and dangerous person or persons. Secondary Purpose of Decoy Patrol: prevention of crime.

quarter lesser 57. major units b. Operational Units – those that perform primary or line functions such as patrol. a. a. traffic enforcers and criminal investigators. delivering the services and dealing directly with the public. force him to show his pocket c. What should be done if the external patting of the suspect’s clothing fails to disclose evidence of weapon? a. maintenance. no further search may be made. finance. procure a search warrant immediately b. Auxiliary Functions – functions involving the logistical operations of the organization. . Integrated National Police c. Philippine National Police Academy 56. traffic management. the law which created the. Examples are communication. Functions that carry out the major purposes of organization. Staff or Administrative Functions d. release him It is a rule in “Pat-Down Search” that if the external patting of the suspect’s clothing fails to disclose evidence of a weapon. Functional or Support Functions FUNCTIONS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1. and training. Conducted by at least two (2) officers. 55. planning. Examples are personnel. 183. 54. Manila Police Department b. Primary or Line Functions c. investigation and vice control. investigation. arrest him for resistance of order d. administrative units d. supplies and equipment management. Organic units that perform patrol operations. twice more c. Act No. a.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 53. triple more b. Auxiliary Functions b. a. half lesser d. When driving with partner the driving officer must cover 100% of his vision in front and passenger officer must cover _______ than the former. records management. operational units c. traffic management and vice control. 3. Staff or Administrative Functions – functions that are designed to support the line functions. service units ORGANIC UNITS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1. Insular Police Force d. Primary or Line Functions – (defined in the above question) examples are patrol officers. 19 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 2. .

Service Units – those that perform auxiliary functions examples are communication. Low Level Flexibility in Decision Making – members are encouraged to share and exchange ideas and work together in solving problems within their area of responsibility. Unity of Supervision – (SUPRA) 2. finance. Combined Investigation and Patrol Function – it is intended to unify the investigators and patrol officers to a more competent and cooperative approach to crime solving. Police Community Precinct 20 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 4. nuclei c. combined investigation and patrol function d. Units – (defined above) 59. 3. bureaus FUNCTIONAL UNITS 1. In Team Policing. Division – it is the primary subdivision of bureau. 58. unity of supervision ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURES OF TEAM POLICING 1. a. 3. Administrative Units –those that perform administrative functions. PNP under the DILG. a. Example of which are personnel. . Bureau – largest functional organic unit within a large department. low level flexibility in decision making c. Unified Delivery of Service – its importance is to develop every member on all skills rather than focusing on single skill only. In NCR. units d. Section – functional unit within a particular division. Organizational feature of team policing which aims to encourage consistency and continuity of police policies and procedures and to provide greater uniformity in developing solutions to community problems. 1st digit of Patrol Beats refers to the numerical value assigned to. 2. 3. a. and training. . Example. records management. divisions b. team of five (5) to ten (10) men is assigned according to concentration of crimes and citizens-calls for police assistance 60. and the like. and NBI under the DOJ. 4. This is necessary for specialization.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 2. District c. planning. Functional groups within a section where further specialization is needed. unified delivery of service b.

2. 4. the Platoon Commanders shall conduct a short troop information and education. 2. The Front Desk Officer shall make the report on the higher Headquarters on the dispatch of the patrollers. Municipality / City within the district d. After the inspection. b. THE OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES IN THE CONDUCT OF BEAT PATROL 1. PATROL BEATS IDENTIFICATION FOR REGIONS – identifiable by a seven (7) digit number. Beat PATROL BEATS IDENTIFICATION FOR NCR – Identifiable by five (5) digit number 1. The members of the patrol team shall form and assemble at the police unit Headquarters at least thirty (30) minutes before the start of their shift for their accounting. c. DEPLOYMENT PHASE 21 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 4th Digit refers to a number assigned to municipality or city. 1st and 2nd Digits refer to number of region. PRE-DEPLOYMENT PHASE a. 3. Second Digit refers to the number assigned to each of the municipality / city within the district. disseminate information / requirements that should be monitored during their patrol duty. d. The Front Desk Officer shall then read their assigned line beats. He may. Fourth and Fifth Digits refer to the number assigned to particular beat. and disseminate instruction/order. 6th and 7th Digits refer to the particular beat. if applicable. e. 2. 5. 4. 5th Digit refers to the PCP’s. First Digit refers to the numerical value assigned to district. Third Digit refers to the number assigned to the particular PCP. 1. 3rd Digit refers to a number assigned to a particular province within the region. 3.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. Platoon Commanders shall conduct inspection as to appearance and completeness of individual equipment.

FACTORS AFFECTING THE EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION OF PATROL FORCES 1.  Crime Map – location or place. All unusual incidents which came to their attention must be reported or recorded in the patrol sheet report. the patrol officers shall adopt the “buddy-buddy system” keeping in mind to make a patrol plan and follow the procedures. Police Unit Commander shall collect the Daily Patrol Report and submit the same to the police Headquarters for consolidation and reference. Geographical Distribution – it involves weighing categories of incidents and accounting the number of identifiable hazards and street mileage. Patrol officers shall turnover to the Front Desk Officer On-Duty all items confiscated / recovered during their patrol duty. Chronological Distribution – it involves consideration of the nature and causes of crime.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION a. d. They should familiarize how crimes are committed. patrol officers shall report to the desk officer and give the number and name of patrol members and their location. Patrol officers shall likewise accomplish the Daily Patrol Report before being released and discharged. c. d. 3. 22 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . While on patrol. c. e. Their Platoon Commanders shall then properly dismiss them after conducting an accounting of personnel. b.  Crime Clock – it signifies what crime is often or frequently committed. After the tour of duty. Upon arrival at their beats. the patrol officer shall make a situation report before returning to their point of origin. patrol officers shall return to their Patrol Unit Headquarters and surrender the team equipments. Upon reaching the end of his line beat. or crime-prone areas wherein crime is frequently or often committed. POST DEPLOYMENT PHASE a. 2. b. They shall likewise give their situation report which shall be done on an hour basis. when and who committed them.

Walking Beats – involves determining man hours needed to cover the streets and alleys to inspect the police hazards that would prevail within the AOR. Motor Patrol Distribution – involves determining the need to shift motor patrol units hour-by-hour at the area according to where and when crime most likely to occur. 23 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations .REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 3. 4.

Due to this. However. What principle of the organization was not carried out properly? a. one (1) is to seven (7) d. Unity of Command d. Patrol pattern which is conducted not in random but with definite target location. one (1) b. Deployment Phase d. Post-Deployment Phase b. one (1) building. personnel d. What system should be adopted by the deployed officers in conducting patrol within their beats? a. arrest the members of the violent group. planning b. Simplicity 2. EXCEPT… a. finance c. Two officers were shot by the armed group resulting to their instantaneous death. ordered to. Straightway Pattern d. The following are the functions of the administrative unit of the PNP. When it comes to speed in searching a capacity ratio between the dog-to-police a. another team leader of the arresting team and the father of the two officers who were shot. turned into a violent encounter. SPOIV Awayero. On what phase does the duty patrol officer accomplish his Daily Patrol Report? a. what is officer? is to twenty-one (21) is to twenty-eight (28) 4. Clockwise Pattern c. Mission failed. Inspector Kalmado ordered retreat to avoid additional casualties. a member of a group of gunmen. Buddy-Buddy System b. The arrest of X. investigation 3. 24 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . while the other half remained and died. Chain of Command c. Hermes System c.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION MOCK BOARD EXAMINATION LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION (LEA-III) POLICE PATROL OPERATIONS Instruction: ENCIRCLE the letter of the BEST answer ---------------------------------------------------------------1. one (1) is to four (4) c. Pre-Deployment Phase c. Freewheeling Pattern b. Counter-Clockwise Pattern 5. Solar System 6. the team leader of the arresting team. by hook or by crook. Command Responsibility b. Refers to the actual restraint of armed person or group following a high-risk stop. Formation Phase 7. a. Community Oriented Policing System d. Half of the arresting team retreated.

their superior officers c. criminal apprehension d. a. their “buddies” b. situation or condition which. all mistakes of subordinates are accountable to . Any person. arrest b. Hazard c. thing. themselves d.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION a. a. place. if allowed to exist may induce an accident or cause the commission of crime. high-risk arrest 8. . . criminal arrest c. Threat b. Risk d. their deed 25 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . In principle of Command Responsibility. Police Hazard 9.