REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION

A. LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
IV. POLICE PATROL OPERATIONS

1. Also known to be the “Anti-Drunk Driving Act of the 2013”.
a. RA 10592
c. RA 10586
b. RA 4136
d. RA 10175
2. To carry out the main objective of proactive policing activity, the Head of
Patrol Unit of the local PNP increased the number police patrol officers who
are well-trained in community relations. They had been oriented to establish
a healthy relationship with the residents to gather their confidence and
cooperation especially in watching for any untoward incidents, and to report
the same for police actions. What objective of police patrol operation is being
emphasized in the given scenario?
a. Police Immersion
c. Criminal Detection,
Apprehension, and Detention
b. Participative Law Enforcement
d. Team Policing
POLICE IMMERSION – part of community oriented policing technique
wherein patrol officers are deployed to familiarize, and mingle with the
residents of his area of responsibility so that they would know them.
3. Arranging of personnel and functions in a systematic manner designed to
accommodate stated goals and objectives in the most efficient manner
possible.
a. Organization
c. Administration
b. Employment
d. Management
ORGANIZATION is also defined as a group of people working together
to achieve a common goal.
4. In this method, the suspect stands with his feet together, his head tilted
straightly back, and his eyes closed while he estimates the passage of a
certain time.
a. One Leg Stand Test
c. Horizontal Nystagmus Test
b. Finger to Nose Test
d. Romberg’s Balance Test
5. The word “patrol” was derived from the French word “patrouiller” which
means. . .
a. to carry burden
c. to go through puddles
b. to wander away from home
d. to move from one place to
another
Etymology of the word POLICE
 Politeia is a Greek word which means a government of a city.
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CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations

REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION

Politia is a Roman word which means a condition of a state,
government and administration.

Etymology of the word PATROL
 Patrouiller is a French word which means “to go through puddles”
6. A principle of sound police patrol organization which is based on the belief
that an individual should be responsible to one and only one person at any
given time and in any given situation.
a. Chain of Command
c. Unity of Command
b. Span of Control
d. Organizing by Function
ORGANIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES
The following are the principles that enable goals of patrol affairs
achieved:
1. Simplicity – which can be done by providing simple organizational
plan clearly understood by all concerned, yet detailed to provide
clear lines of authority and responsibility.
2. Organizing by Function – it emphasizes the grouping of similar
tasks, job assignments, performance of functions together and
placing them under a single supervision or command officer. In
keeping this principle basic distinction between line and staff
functions must be observed.
3. Chain of Command – it holds that successive person in the chain
of command, from the first level supervisor to the chief of police
must be given an opportunity to deal with those incidents for which
he or she is responsible. A person cannot be held accountable if the
chain of command is violated by allowing other persons below to
handle the situation.
4. Span of Control – it is based on the assumption that there is a
limit to the number of individuals that one person can effectively
supervise. It depends upon various factors such as:
a. The type and complexity of the work performed
b. The skills, training and experience of personnel performing
the work
c. The degree of specialization involved in the work performed
d. The knowledge, skills and experience of the supervisor
5. Unity of Command – (SUPRA)
7. Part of Foot Patrol Tactics is to walk close to the ______ during the day and
close to the building at night.
a. residential houses
c. gates
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CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations

20 minutes d. Straightway Pattern 3 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . curb d. This type of assignment is particularly effective for SATURATION COVERAGE of high crime areas. Beat d. Route / Line Beat – A length of street or streets designated for patrol purposes.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. bicycle patrol d. members of the Patrol Team shall form and assemble at the Patrol Unit Headquarters at least _________ before the start of their shift for their accounting. Reactive Patrol – a patrol activity which consist of driving around the district waiting for something to happen. such as designated desk office or an intersection or crosswalk for traffic duty or spot location for general guard duty. During the Pre-Deployment Phase. EXCEPT… a. It provides extra coverage without alarming the occupants with an unusual number of police officer. Route c. commercial establishments 8. 5. Police Immersion 10. 4. Alternative patrol system which means the fielding of the field units in their respective areas of responsibility with prescribed objectives and verifiable tasks scheduled for the day to augment the calls and other onsight activities that make up the officer’s day. Post – (SUPRA) 2. Police Low Visibility Patrol PATROL ACTIVITIES 1. This is done at the last hour of the eight-hour tour of duty to ensure that nothing unusual has happened to the area of responsibility. Proactive Patrol – (SUPRA) 2. Plainclothes Patrol c. foot patrol c. a. Proactive Patrol d. A fixed point or location to which an officer as assigned for duty. a. The following types of patrol are NOT conducted in SECTOR. a. 30 minutes 9. Beat – Area assigned for foot patrol purposes. a. routes or posts. Clockwise Pattern c. District b. automobile patrol 13. Reactive Patrol c. 15 minutes c. 3. Area – Section or territorial division of a large city. 11. High Visibility Patrol b. Post TERRITORIAL UNITS IN PATROL 1. scooter patrol b. 6. 25 minutes b. a. 12. Police High Visibility Patrol b. Team Policing d. District – Geographical subdivision of a large city. Sector – Area containing two or more beats.

Police Low Visibility Patrol – performed by patrol officers in plainclothes patrol or in unmarked vehicle with the primary purpose crime repression. not at random but with a definite target location where the patrol officer knows that his presence is necessary. 3. 14. Cloverleaf Pattern – conducted on a highway intersection designed to route traffic without interference by means of a system of curving ramps from one level to another in the form of four (4) leaf clover. Straightway or Crisscross Pattern – done by patrolling the length of the street and therefore the easiest to observe. Counter-Clockwise Pattern – this technique is simply the reverse of the clockwise pattern. The following are the advantages of police high visibility patrol. Directed Deterrent Patrol – it is a patrol strategy which differs from traditional patrol methods wherein patrol officers perform 4 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 2. Counter-Clockwise Pattern d. 4.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. eliminates opportunity on the part of would-be offender to commit crime VISIBILITY PATROL STRATEGIES 1. This is done at the last hour of the eighthour tour of duty to ensure that nothing unusual has happened within the area of responsibility. Freewheeling Pattern PATROL PATTERNS 1. Zigzag or Freewheeling – this is done by patrolling the streets within the perimeter of the beats. Clockwise Pattern – done in the start of the eight-hour tour of duty. 5. EXCEPT… a. Police High Visibility Patrol – has the objective of increasing the “aura of police omnipresence” in the community to reduce certain type of crime. Its purpose is for the patrol officer to survey the condition and situation of the boundaries of his area of responsibility. it increases the aura of police omnipresence b. 2. it diminishes desire to commit crime c. Target Oriented Patrol – patrol strategy directed towards specific reasons or places. 3. 4. This action is based on the study of the situation and condition of the beat. used to increase the probability of arrest d.

3. precinct. regular and definite manner c. break and meal time and patrol assignments. 6. 16. Indoctrination PREPARATIONS FOR PATROL OPERATIONS 1. fast and furious manner d. where the outgoing patrol officer orients the relieving officer as to the condition of their particular area of responsibility prior to the former’s turnover. 4. military and alert manner b. In order to have knowledge about their task. Interactive Patrol Strategy – emphasis is on police-citizen interaction wherein community input is sought in resolving patrol problems. his attitude must be positive.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION specific predetermined preventive functions on a planned systematic basis. Assembly b. perform it in __________. or the police block as the case may be. a. This is effective if the information regarding crime trends is based on crime analysis. Aggressive Patrol Strategy – emphasis is on the positive target oriented activities which includes physical security inspection. 5. Vehicle Inspection – involves inspection of patrol vehicles to be used before going out of patrol. In-Field Preparation – whenever possible. which is devoted to the giving of specific assignments. District Orientation Tour – involves familiarization of assigned area for patrolling upon arrival in the field. Debriefing Conference c. 2. the police officer who is to go out on patrol should have a “debriefing conference” with the relieving officer. there is a “fall-in” formation at headquarters. Included in Patrol Tactics is that whatever patrol pattern is used. a. vehicles to be used and partner (if any). 5. 15. Conference d. As much as possible. General Preparation – The first and foremost in his preparation for patrol duty is attitude preparation. Done during the “In-Field Preparation” phase. Pre-patrol Preparation – Prior to going out on patrol the policeman should be armed with knowledge and equipment. irregular and unpredictable manner 5 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations .

REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 17. b. a. Station Desk – serves as 3 C’s of police force: Communication. police community precinct (PCP). It is a grass-root approach undertaken to bring the people and the police together in a cooperative situation. Fixed Component c. The system of attaching miniature camera and transmitter to a search dog which makes the dog man’s best friend and even better friend. Scotland. Police Beats – consists of identifiable boundaries within area of responsibility where an officer can conduct patrol. Auxiliary Component – includes the security guards deployed in area. Team Policing originated in Aberdeen. Component of Integrated Patrol System which includes security guards deployed in the area. a. radio groups. and NGOs. and detective repressive patrol. New Cops on the Block c. traffic enforcers. a. WOLF c. Patrol Component d. civilian volunteers. a. 3. Coordinating Center. or Command Post. WOLVES WOLVES – Wireless Operational Link and Video Exploration System 18. volunteers. 19. FOX d. 6 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Participative Law Enforcement TEAM POLICING – it attempts to integrate the police and the community interest into a working relationship so as to produce the desired objective of peacekeeping in the community. Police Community Precinct – it is headed by a Police Commission Officer with a rank of Chief Inspector or Superintendent with a minimum of thirty (30) personnel including the commander divided in three (3) shifts of eight (8) hours duty. where saving life is a paramount objective. the traffic enforcer. because the dog can now be the eyes and ears of his handler in situations. barangay tanods. mobile patrols. and officers of non-government organizations. the barangay tanods. a. Patrol Component – includes air patrol. Fixed Component – includes the different police station headquarters. Team Policing b. Community Oriented Policing System d. the line beat patrols. junior police. CANINE b. Auxiliary Component b. 2. police visibility points and traffic post. Non-Uniformed Component COMPONENTS OF INTEGRATED PATROL SYSTEM 1.

could be used in certain areas where automobile is prohibited such as wooden areas. A dog is capable of recognizing an odor ten (10) million times better than human can. b. Discouragement 22. Deterrence d. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of Mounted Patrol? a. dangerous search situations (identification of suspected bomb). police dogs are especially useful in high crime areas. a. economical MOUNTED / HORSE PATROL The second to the oldest patrol type (next to foot patrol). 2. a. Germans c. Basically. guarding suspects. Romans b. Canine dogs provide protection for patrol officer 7 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . taking fleeing suspects into custody. etc. due to its significant value in attaining the main objective of the national law enforcement agency. 23. Mounted officers can see three (3) blocks more than a foot patrol officer. dispersing crowd. People who first used “Canine Assisted Patrol”. This gives the feeling of fear on his (would-be offender) part and of safety on the part of law abiding citizens. backbone of police operation d. Egyptians CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. Americans d. . a. A single K-9 team is able to complete building searches seven (7) times faster than four (4) officers working together to search the same building. searching and detection of drugs in packages or on suspects. Pertains to the feeling of would-be criminals that policemen are everywhere. environment friendly c. backbone of the law enforcement b. basic police function 21. dealing with street gangs. is considered as. Psychology / Aura of Police Omnipresence c. Diffusion b. Patrol Division. backbone of police agency c.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 20. 3. First used by Egyptians for patrolling. ADVANTAGES OF CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. It is essential for most mediumsized and large police departments. ideal to use in National Highways d. Provides great assistance in search and rescue as well as in smelling out illegal drugs and bombs. . This is usually conducted in wooden and large park areas.

the show window of the police precinct b. corruption c. Type of patrol which has been used in many countries as a simple and inexpensive means of transportation to carry police officers throughout patrol districts. Motorcycle Patrol c. frontliners d. Bloodhounds – a large powerful dog with dropping ears. Doberman Pinschers 6. Territorial BREEDS OF DOGS APPROPRIATE FOR POLICE WORKS 1. generalists c. Expensive to maintain 2. hence their help in law enforcement is given the greatest value. 2. a. and keen sense of smell. Automobile Patrol b. all of them is correct 26. Airedale Terriers 7. Newfound Lands 24. German Shepherd – the most frequently used and high scoring dog for police work. It can cover areas not accessible by motorcycle or patrol cars 8 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Inexpensive to procure and maintain compare to other methods 3. Great assistance in locating narcotics and bomb DISADVANTAGES OF CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. Best in locating trapped people during emergencies 3. requires three (3) months to train 4. sagging jaws. Works with only one (1) handler 3. 3. because patrol does not only mean protection but _______ as well. It has the advantage of mobility and stealth 2. Never hesitate to offer any help consistent with the purpose of law enforcement. Rottweiler 5. immersion 25. Bicycle Patrol ADVANTAGES OF BICYCLE PATROL 1. It has the advantage of stealth and mobility. service d. crime control b. a. a. Dog training is extensive and expensive. Foot Patrol d. Black Labrador Retrievers 4. Giant Schnauzers 8. Patrol officers are _________. Can be used in crowd control 4.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 2.

Inability to carry additional equipment 2. time between the end of caller-police conversation and broadcast of the report by the radio dispatcher to the specific car assigned to the scene d. contaminate or destroy potential evidence at the crime scene to mislead investigation. Once suspended. Danger involved in driving 27.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. and the time between the dispatch of patrol officer / first responder at the actual scene of the crime and his arrival could also be considered critical time. CRITICAL TIME – Also defined as the time between the call of concerned individual to the police regarding crime incident and the arrival at the scene. a. request assistance from the SOCO 9 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . could be saved. none of them Basically. Which of the following is the duty of a patrol officer as the First Responder at the crime scene? a. kill or inflict violence to other people to complete or fulfill his illegitimate end. private firearm c. It can be effectively used by plainclothes officer while conducting surveillance DISADVANTAGES OF BICYCLE PATROL 1. Biking is a good form of exercise to maintain excellent physique and good health 5. 28. It is effective in combating theft. or any other similar effects. parks and shopping malls 6. Which of the following is NOT considered “critical time”? a. burglary. service firearm d. basic salary 29. after due notice and summary hearing. time between the lifting of the receiver and the beginning of the actual message between the caller and the desk officer c. determine the nature of the crime committed and once identified either sensational or significant. CRITICAL TIME pertains to a certain period in which a suspect could flee or might be able to conceal his means of committing crime. name plate and insignia b. vandalism in residential areas. Time between the commission of crime (example: murder) and discovery of the effects (dead body). Apprehended criminals cannot be transported 3. either victim of crime or not. before leaving the office or station where he is assigned will surrender his ___________ to his immediate supervisor. commit further crimes. a police officer. and dying person. time between the commission of crime and the call to the police b.

Integrated Patrol System d. five (5) minutes d. 31. Sector b. secure the area by cordoning it and allow no one to enter unless authorized 30. three (3) minutes c. Detective Beat System c. routes. Conduct inspection as to the appearance and completeness of 10 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Investigative System DISTINCTION BETWEEN POLICE BEAT AND DETECTIVE BEAT 1. Its purpose is to provide the organizational and operational framework in truly effecting mechanisms towards enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of the PNP’s investigation capability. An area containing two or more beats. One of the concrete responses of the PNP in reinventing the field of investigation. Police Unit Commander d. fifteen (15) minutes RESPONSE TIME – refers to the running time of the dispatched patrol car from his position where the assignment was received and the arrival at the scene. Post d. Desk Officer c. In Post-Deployment Phase. ten (10) minutes b. Line Beat c. DB may be different from PB but the former compliments the latter in serving and protecting the community 3. Platoon Commander a. or posts.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. who shall properly dismiss the duty patrol officers after conducting their accounting? a. assist the SOCO team in identifying and collecting potential evidence that might prove the guilt of the suspect in criminal proceeding d. WOLVES b. release the crime scene by lifting up the cordon c. Dispatcher b. District 32. PB occupies a particular area of responsibility while the detectives have the primary responsibility of first response in all cases reported for investigation purposes. What is ideal police response time in the Philippines? a. Detective Beat (DB) is concerned with the crime solution angle while the Police Beat (PB) has the primary role of crime prevention. a. a. upon assumption of responsibility. 2. 33. Platoon Commander DUTIES OF PATROL OFFICERS IN EVERY PATROL PHASE Patrol Phase Patrol Personnel Duty 1.

Adopt a “buddybuddy system” and keep in mind to make a patrol plan and follow the procedures. Duty Patrol Officer B. PreDeployment Phase b. Make the report on the higher headquarters on the dispatch of the patrollers. Front Desk Officer a. b. Deployment Phase a. Read assigned line beats. Upon reaching the end of their line beat. They shall likewise give their situation report which shall be done on an hour basis. c. 2. he may disseminate information or requirements that should be monitored during their patrol duty. b. Report to the desk officer and give the number and name of patrol members and their location. A.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION individual equipment. Conduct a short troop information and education and disseminate instructions or order. If applicable. he shall make a situation before returning to their point of origin. d. 1. Report or record all unusual incidents which came to their attention 11 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations .

and schools. gamblers. Unusual Occurrence HAZARD – it refers to any person. 1. Dismiss patrol officers after conducting an accounting of personnel. Accomplish the daily patrol report before being released and discharged b. prison and jail. situation. conventions. 3. Police Hazard c. situation. 34. Police Haggard d. a. or condition which. POLICE HAZARD – (SUPRA) KINDS OF POLICE HAZARDS 1. PostDeployment Phase 2. Any person. banks. 12 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . and gambling dens. place. Property – includes piers. and political meetings. Attractive Nuisance b. alcoholics. drug dens. Places – it includes terminals. unoccupied dwelling. demonstrations. C. 2. Persons – includes criminals. or condition possessing high potential for criminal attack or for creation of any other type of problem necessitating a demand for immediate police service. athletic events.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION in the patrol sheet report. thing. venues of parades. drug peddlers. Platoon Commander a. place. Turnover to the Front Desk Officer on duty all items confiscated or recovered during their patrol duty. prostitutes. warehouse. gambling joints. 3. Collect the Daily Patrol Report and submit the same to the police headquarters for consolidation and reference. addicts. thing. Police Unit Commander a. pawnshops. juvenile delinquents. Duty Patrol Officer a. and insane persons. if allowed to exist may induce an accident or cause a commission of crime.

stop. a deterrent impact to wouldbe criminals. Relatively high cost to operate. and alert d. 13 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . person whose answers arouse suspicion of criminal involvement gives the police a probable cause to arrest him. 36. monitor. 3. provides protection for solo patrol b. are occurring. stop. or parades d. feasts. This method is highly visible. maintenance ADVANTAGES OF MOTORCYCLE PATROL 1. Feature of “motorcycle patrol” which makes it ideal in anti-bank robbery mission. Which of the following is a DISADVANTAGE of Canine Assisted Patrol? a. Through this technique. locating trapped people and concealed contrabands c. stop. ATTRACTIVE NUISANCE The doctrine in tort law which holds that one who maintains a dangerous instrumentality on his premises which is likely to attract children is under a duty to reasonably protect those children against the dangers of attraction. stop. can be an asset in public relation efforts e. creates feeling of fear on the part of the would-be troublemakers f. Cannot be used when there is an inclement weather. High mobility especially in congested traffic 2. UNUSUAL OCCURRENCE (definition) 35. 2. speed c. Quick response to emergency call DISADVANTAGES OF MOTORCYCLE PATROL 1. Situations – conventions. It is different from custodial interrogation therefore reciting Miranda Warning is NOT applicable. in public affairs . or are about to occur. frisk and street interrogation b. stealth b.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. Which of the following is/are the common patrol practice particularly high crime areas? a. tap down and apprehend STREET INTERVIEW / INTERROGATION – In this method. look. demonstrations. athletic events. they can be used in demonstrations. parades. political meetings. a. Danger involved in riding causing a greater number of accidents. etc. school. dogs are territorial and its handler and cruiser are part of its territory 37. maneuverability d. the patrol officers aggressively investigate crimes that may have just occurred. and listen c.

and he is therefore more rested and can do a better job. preventive enforcement is doubled by having twice as many police cars on the street b. In case of traffic rule violations. a. 2. 39. Mistakes that one-man make may be caught by his partner and vice versa. One officer does not have to drive a full eight hours. 4. Writ of Habeas Corpus 14 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . ten (10) minutes 40. mistake by one officer may be noticed and immediately corrected by his partner ADVANTAGES OF ONE-MAN PATROL CAR 1. 3. Two pairs of eyes are better than one. Report containing the observation of the duty patrol officer that must be made upon reaching the end of his line beat before returning to his point of origin.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. Personality conflict is reduced ADVANTAGES OF TWO-MAN PATROL CAR 1. 3. 1 d. which demanded the closing of the gates in London during sundown. Inability to carry additional equipments 5. office who is alone devotes his full attention to driving and beat observation rather than talking with his partner e. On the quiet night. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of One-Mobile Man Patrol? a. driver can have someone to talk to and help keep him awake. incident report 41. 5. a. Magna Carta Law b. Statute of 1295 c. three (3) minutes d. promotes self-reliance and self-confidence d. 4. When the officer is alone he devotes his attention to his driving and the beat rather than to the conversation with partner. Having twice as many police cars in the street doubles the preventive enforcement. citation must be issued within how many minutes? a. A one man alone develops self-reliance. situation report b. Rough driving affects the driver’s health 38. Commonwealth Act No. Provides the officer with a greater safety factor by doubling the firepower and physical protection. personality clashes are reduced and avoided c. two (2) minutes c. The law that marks the beginning of the curfew hours. 2. five (5) minutes b. patrol report sheet d. daily record of event c.

Integrated Patrol System provides a SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP between the police and community. Ordinance. dismisses the patrol officers after accounting b. Assigned. which would eventually draw the active support and cooperation of populace. Headed by a Police Commissioned Officer with a rank of Chief Inspector to Superintendent with a minimum thirty (30) personnel including the commander divided in three (3) shifts of eight (8) hours duty. General Preparation c. a. disseminate orders and instructions prior to the actual dispatch of duty patrol officers 46.L. can enter small alleys and side streets d. Vehicle Inspection e. Coordinating Center 44.T. Part of preparations for patrol operation which involves familiarization of assigned area for patrolling upon arrival at the field. inspects the appearance and completeness of uniform and individual equipments e. accounts personnel upon completion of their patrol duties c. a. Engineered CCTV Operation System (ECO System) d. Tasked. Policeman. This is further emphasized by the acronym P. ideal in establishing rapport with the members of the community b. District Orientation Tour b. Administered. To. Solar System b. collects Daily Patrol Report for consolidation and reference d. a. Policemen. in the Locale d. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of Foot Patrol? a. On. Patrollers. a.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 42. Smart Traffic System c. Tasks. and Reinforced.R. Law Enforcement c. Station Desk c. System used by the Metro Manila Development Authority through the use of smart close circuit television (CCTV) equipped with zoom lens to clearly identify the type and plate number of vehicles and recognize the identity of involved parties in a vehicular accident. Reinforce.A. foot patrol can sneak up on situation where a patrol car is easily noticed when it approaches c. Order in the Locality b. Addressing. Assigned. In-Field Preparation 43. Related to Order maintenance. Pre-Patrol Preparation d. covers wide area 15 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . The following are the duties of Platoon Commander prior and subsequent to the deployment of duty patrol officers of the day. Hermes System 47. which means… a. Police Community Precinct d.O. and Trained to Reinforce. Command Post b. Policemen. and Law enforcement 45.

DISADVANTAGES OF FOOT PATROL 1. 3. suspicious persons may go unnoticed b. Random Foot Patrol – used in checking residential buildings. By the use of a two-way radio. ADVANTAGES OF FOOT PATROL 1. Slow response time 2. EXCEPT… a. Patrol officers can enter small alleys and side streets. b. Cannot be employed during inclement weather 4. A foot officer can sneak up on situation. Also. business establishments dark areas and parking lots. Line Beat Patrol – used in securing certain portion of road. The following are the disadvantages of Automobile Patrol. a. separates public from the police officers c. the officer can maintain communications with the department and the mobile unit 7. 2. surveillance. Low mobility 3. it is the most expensive type of patrol in terms of human resources and most departments had reduced their foot patrols to minimum due to this. and special events. Moving Patrol – used when there is considerable foot movement such as business and shopping center. 6. where a patrol car is easily noticed when it approaches. neglects to make routine security checks d. TYPES OF FOOT PATROL 1. Foot patrolman can provide immediate traffic control when it is needed. Maintains better personal contact with citizens and develops community relations. Officer can actually get to know the physical layout of his beat better. Provides closer observation of persons and things. Fixed Foot Patrol – usually used for traffic. and the like.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOOT PATROL Commonly used in areas of crowded population or where there is heavy traffic congestion and assistance of an officer is needed to eliminate traffic jam. 4. 2. 5. establishes healthy police-community relations 16 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . family dwellings. parades. Requires huge amount of personnel 48.

3. Urgent Call – the responding patrol car has to observe the traffic laws without need of using flashing lights and siren but proceed directly to its destination without stopping en route unless incident of far more serious occurs. 4. Call which requires the use of flashing lights and sirens except when there is an attempt to surprise the criminals in the act. Provides constant availability to public calls. TV Patrol 17 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Urgent Call b. Routine Call – call where mobile car is required to observe the traffic laws and does not normally use flashing lights and siren while on its way to the scene of the crime. and transport one or several dogs on patrol and emergency ambulance during disaster. 2. Automobile Patrol b.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION AUTOMOBILE PATROL – the most economical and extensively used type of patrol and offers tactical ability when used in numbers. Response Call CALLS ENCOUNTERED BY AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. Patrol car allows the police officer to have a partner when needed. Permits the officer to carry extra equipment. It separates the public from the police. ADVANTAGES OF AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. and they offer a high degree of safety during high-speed pursuits. the speed of the automobile allow them to service the whole area and do so efficiently. 6. Emergency Call c. 49. 3. Canine Assisted Patrol d. Foot Patrol c. One of the best means of preventive enforcement. 2. DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. 4. Emergency Call – requires the use of flashing lights and siren except when there is an attempt to surprise the criminals in the act. 7. Offers protection to officers. a. 50. 2. Suspicious persons may go unnoticed. Routine Call d. 3. Patrol cars can be used as barricades in roadblocks. The most effective means of transportation for police patrol. Slows down apprehension and surveillance operations. Where speed and mobility is needed such as in large area that must be covered by few officers. Neglect to make routine security checks. 5. Which of the following is NOT a type of police patrol? a.

18 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Hasty Checkpoint c. a. barricaded and occupied by tactical forces in a lawful display of authority to maintain law and order or in defensive response to an event of criminal nature or of such gravity that occurred or likely to occur calling for high risk stop or arrest. aboard a vehicle or on foot. PREDETERMINED AREA – specific or projected spot where the armed and dangerous person or persons would pass or likely to pass and so tactically located as to gain calculated advantage against said person or persons. 52. HIGH-RISK STOP – actual stopping or accosting of armed and dangerous person or persons. and lying in wait rather than high and low visibility patrols technique. deception. enforce the law. HIGH-RISK ARREST –actual restraint of armed persons following a high-risk stop. which is duly authorized by the PNP. Police Checkpoint d. Proactive Patrol b. Undercover / Decoy Patrol d. Plainclothes Patrol c. including the power to use all necessary and legal means to accomplish such end.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 51. STOPPING ZONE – strategic predetermined area strongly sealed off. and is also established when nearby checkpoints are ignored or during hot pursuit operations. a. Location where the search. Quite different from traditional patrol methods in that the strategy is to rely on disguise. and for other legitimate purposes. Police Box HASTY CHECKPOINT – immediate response to block the escape of lawless elements from a crime scene. is conducted to deter / prevent the commission of crimes. These specialists may operate under the supervision of the patrol supervisor or may entirely operate independent patrol force. Secondary Purpose of Decoy Patrol: prevention of crime. HOT PURSUIT (CROSS-JURISDICTIONAL PURSUIT / FRESH PURSUIT) – immediate. Command Coordination Centre b. Sector Patrol DECOY PATROL is performed by a group of highly trained specialist rather than regular patrol personnel. Primary Purpose of Decoy Patrol: detection and interception of crime. recent chase or follow-up without material interval for the purpose of taking into custody any person wanted by virtue of a warrant.

a. records management. Organic units that perform patrol operations. . the law which created the. 19 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . planning. delivering the services and dealing directly with the public. Operational Units – those that perform primary or line functions such as patrol. maintenance. procure a search warrant immediately b. 54. Examples are communication. Primary or Line Functions – (defined in the above question) examples are patrol officers. arrest him for resistance of order d. Act No. half lesser d. 183. triple more b. supplies and equipment management. Integrated National Police c. and training. traffic management and vice control. finance. no further search may be made.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 53. Staff or Administrative Functions d. investigation and vice control. 55. quarter lesser 57. traffic management. 2. Staff or Administrative Functions – functions that are designed to support the line functions. a. release him It is a rule in “Pat-Down Search” that if the external patting of the suspect’s clothing fails to disclose evidence of a weapon. a. . Auxiliary Functions b. Conducted by at least two (2) officers. Philippine National Police Academy 56. Examples are personnel. Auxiliary Functions – functions involving the logistical operations of the organization. major units b. What should be done if the external patting of the suspect’s clothing fails to disclose evidence of weapon? a. Manila Police Department b. force him to show his pocket c. a. 3. Functional or Support Functions FUNCTIONS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1. When driving with partner the driving officer must cover 100% of his vision in front and passenger officer must cover _______ than the former. administrative units d. operational units c. traffic enforcers and criminal investigators. Primary or Line Functions c. service units ORGANIC UNITS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1. investigation. twice more c. Functions that carry out the major purposes of organization. Insular Police Force d.

Low Level Flexibility in Decision Making – members are encouraged to share and exchange ideas and work together in solving problems within their area of responsibility. Unity of Supervision – (SUPRA) 2. District c. Functional groups within a section where further specialization is needed. Section – functional unit within a particular division. unity of supervision ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURES OF TEAM POLICING 1. Units – (defined above) 59. In NCR. PNP under the DILG. records management. divisions b. Organizational feature of team policing which aims to encourage consistency and continuity of police policies and procedures and to provide greater uniformity in developing solutions to community problems. Bureau – largest functional organic unit within a large department. Service Units – those that perform auxiliary functions examples are communication. 3. a. 58. 3. low level flexibility in decision making c. Example. Combined Investigation and Patrol Function – it is intended to unify the investigators and patrol officers to a more competent and cooperative approach to crime solving. planning. Example of which are personnel. Division – it is the primary subdivision of bureau. unified delivery of service b. . and the like. bureaus FUNCTIONAL UNITS 1. a. finance. 1st digit of Patrol Beats refers to the numerical value assigned to. . Administrative Units –those that perform administrative functions. and training. This is necessary for specialization. and NBI under the DOJ. Police Community Precinct 20 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 4. units d. a. combined investigation and patrol function d. In Team Policing. nuclei c. 3. team of five (5) to ten (10) men is assigned according to concentration of crimes and citizens-calls for police assistance 60.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 2. 2. Unified Delivery of Service – its importance is to develop every member on all skills rather than focusing on single skill only. 4.

After the inspection. 4th Digit refers to a number assigned to municipality or city. First Digit refers to the numerical value assigned to district. 5. the Platoon Commanders shall conduct a short troop information and education. The Front Desk Officer shall make the report on the higher Headquarters on the dispatch of the patrollers. 2. disseminate information / requirements that should be monitored during their patrol duty. The Front Desk Officer shall then read their assigned line beats. 1st and 2nd Digits refer to number of region. 5th Digit refers to the PCP’s. Municipality / City within the district d. THE OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES IN THE CONDUCT OF BEAT PATROL 1. Platoon Commanders shall conduct inspection as to appearance and completeness of individual equipment. 3rd Digit refers to a number assigned to a particular province within the region. He may. 3. DEPLOYMENT PHASE 21 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 3. b. 6th and 7th Digits refer to the particular beat. if applicable. 2. Fourth and Fifth Digits refer to the number assigned to particular beat. 2. c. e. Beat PATROL BEATS IDENTIFICATION FOR NCR – Identifiable by five (5) digit number 1. 4. Third Digit refers to the number assigned to the particular PCP. The members of the patrol team shall form and assemble at the police unit Headquarters at least thirty (30) minutes before the start of their shift for their accounting. PRE-DEPLOYMENT PHASE a. Second Digit refers to the number assigned to each of the municipality / city within the district. PATROL BEATS IDENTIFICATION FOR REGIONS – identifiable by a seven (7) digit number. and disseminate instruction/order. d. 4. 1.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b.

c. c. After the tour of duty. patrol officers shall return to their Patrol Unit Headquarters and surrender the team equipments. Police Unit Commander shall collect the Daily Patrol Report and submit the same to the police Headquarters for consolidation and reference. FACTORS AFFECTING THE EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION OF PATROL FORCES 1. Upon reaching the end of his line beat. the patrol officer shall make a situation report before returning to their point of origin. They should familiarize how crimes are committed. b. d. 2. or crime-prone areas wherein crime is frequently or often committed. e. b. While on patrol. Geographical Distribution – it involves weighing categories of incidents and accounting the number of identifiable hazards and street mileage. Their Platoon Commanders shall then properly dismiss them after conducting an accounting of personnel. the patrol officers shall adopt the “buddy-buddy system” keeping in mind to make a patrol plan and follow the procedures. patrol officers shall report to the desk officer and give the number and name of patrol members and their location. POST DEPLOYMENT PHASE a.  Crime Map – location or place. 22 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 3. Chronological Distribution – it involves consideration of the nature and causes of crime. Patrol officers shall likewise accomplish the Daily Patrol Report before being released and discharged.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION a.  Crime Clock – it signifies what crime is often or frequently committed. d. Upon arrival at their beats. All unusual incidents which came to their attention must be reported or recorded in the patrol sheet report. when and who committed them. Patrol officers shall turnover to the Front Desk Officer On-Duty all items confiscated / recovered during their patrol duty. They shall likewise give their situation report which shall be done on an hour basis.

23 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 4. Walking Beats – involves determining man hours needed to cover the streets and alleys to inspect the police hazards that would prevail within the AOR.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 3. Motor Patrol Distribution – involves determining the need to shift motor patrol units hour-by-hour at the area according to where and when crime most likely to occur.

another team leader of the arresting team and the father of the two officers who were shot. Buddy-Buddy System b. Counter-Clockwise Pattern 5. Solar System 6. planning b. Chain of Command c. 24 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Simplicity 2. one (1) b. Hermes System c. one (1) building. On what phase does the duty patrol officer accomplish his Daily Patrol Report? a. Two officers were shot by the armed group resulting to their instantaneous death. while the other half remained and died. The arrest of X. Patrol pattern which is conducted not in random but with definite target location. Straightway Pattern d. The following are the functions of the administrative unit of the PNP. However. turned into a violent encounter. investigation 3. by hook or by crook. SPOIV Awayero. Half of the arresting team retreated. When it comes to speed in searching a capacity ratio between the dog-to-police a. Freewheeling Pattern b. Pre-Deployment Phase c. Post-Deployment Phase b. Inspector Kalmado ordered retreat to avoid additional casualties. Unity of Command d. Formation Phase 7. Clockwise Pattern c. personnel d. a. Deployment Phase d. What principle of the organization was not carried out properly? a. a member of a group of gunmen. Mission failed. Command Responsibility b.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION MOCK BOARD EXAMINATION LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION (LEA-III) POLICE PATROL OPERATIONS Instruction: ENCIRCLE the letter of the BEST answer ---------------------------------------------------------------1. finance c. ordered to. the team leader of the arresting team. What system should be adopted by the deployed officers in conducting patrol within their beats? a. Community Oriented Policing System d. arrest the members of the violent group. EXCEPT… a. Due to this. one (1) is to seven (7) d. Refers to the actual restraint of armed person or group following a high-risk stop. what is officer? is to twenty-one (21) is to twenty-eight (28) 4. one (1) is to four (4) c.

Hazard c. Threat b. a. a. . criminal arrest c. high-risk arrest 8. Any person. their superior officers c. their deed 25 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . thing. all mistakes of subordinates are accountable to . Risk d.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION a. themselves d. In principle of Command Responsibility. arrest b. place. . criminal apprehension d. if allowed to exist may induce an accident or cause the commission of crime. Police Hazard 9. situation or condition which. their “buddies” b.

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