REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION

A. LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
IV. POLICE PATROL OPERATIONS

1. Also known to be the “Anti-Drunk Driving Act of the 2013”.
a. RA 10592
c. RA 10586
b. RA 4136
d. RA 10175
2. To carry out the main objective of proactive policing activity, the Head of
Patrol Unit of the local PNP increased the number police patrol officers who
are well-trained in community relations. They had been oriented to establish
a healthy relationship with the residents to gather their confidence and
cooperation especially in watching for any untoward incidents, and to report
the same for police actions. What objective of police patrol operation is being
emphasized in the given scenario?
a. Police Immersion
c. Criminal Detection,
Apprehension, and Detention
b. Participative Law Enforcement
d. Team Policing
POLICE IMMERSION – part of community oriented policing technique
wherein patrol officers are deployed to familiarize, and mingle with the
residents of his area of responsibility so that they would know them.
3. Arranging of personnel and functions in a systematic manner designed to
accommodate stated goals and objectives in the most efficient manner
possible.
a. Organization
c. Administration
b. Employment
d. Management
ORGANIZATION is also defined as a group of people working together
to achieve a common goal.
4. In this method, the suspect stands with his feet together, his head tilted
straightly back, and his eyes closed while he estimates the passage of a
certain time.
a. One Leg Stand Test
c. Horizontal Nystagmus Test
b. Finger to Nose Test
d. Romberg’s Balance Test
5. The word “patrol” was derived from the French word “patrouiller” which
means. . .
a. to carry burden
c. to go through puddles
b. to wander away from home
d. to move from one place to
another
Etymology of the word POLICE
 Politeia is a Greek word which means a government of a city.
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CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations

REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION

Politia is a Roman word which means a condition of a state,
government and administration.

Etymology of the word PATROL
 Patrouiller is a French word which means “to go through puddles”
6. A principle of sound police patrol organization which is based on the belief
that an individual should be responsible to one and only one person at any
given time and in any given situation.
a. Chain of Command
c. Unity of Command
b. Span of Control
d. Organizing by Function
ORGANIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES
The following are the principles that enable goals of patrol affairs
achieved:
1. Simplicity – which can be done by providing simple organizational
plan clearly understood by all concerned, yet detailed to provide
clear lines of authority and responsibility.
2. Organizing by Function – it emphasizes the grouping of similar
tasks, job assignments, performance of functions together and
placing them under a single supervision or command officer. In
keeping this principle basic distinction between line and staff
functions must be observed.
3. Chain of Command – it holds that successive person in the chain
of command, from the first level supervisor to the chief of police
must be given an opportunity to deal with those incidents for which
he or she is responsible. A person cannot be held accountable if the
chain of command is violated by allowing other persons below to
handle the situation.
4. Span of Control – it is based on the assumption that there is a
limit to the number of individuals that one person can effectively
supervise. It depends upon various factors such as:
a. The type and complexity of the work performed
b. The skills, training and experience of personnel performing
the work
c. The degree of specialization involved in the work performed
d. The knowledge, skills and experience of the supervisor
5. Unity of Command – (SUPRA)
7. Part of Foot Patrol Tactics is to walk close to the ______ during the day and
close to the building at night.
a. residential houses
c. gates
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CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations

Reactive Patrol c. Team Policing d. bicycle patrol d. A fixed point or location to which an officer as assigned for duty. 4. Proactive Patrol d. 3. members of the Patrol Team shall form and assemble at the Patrol Unit Headquarters at least _________ before the start of their shift for their accounting. It provides extra coverage without alarming the occupants with an unusual number of police officer. Reactive Patrol – a patrol activity which consist of driving around the district waiting for something to happen.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. Proactive Patrol – (SUPRA) 2. During the Pre-Deployment Phase. a. 20 minutes d. The following types of patrol are NOT conducted in SECTOR. such as designated desk office or an intersection or crosswalk for traffic duty or spot location for general guard duty. automobile patrol 13. 15 minutes c. District b. commercial establishments 8. Alternative patrol system which means the fielding of the field units in their respective areas of responsibility with prescribed objectives and verifiable tasks scheduled for the day to augment the calls and other onsight activities that make up the officer’s day. a. Straightway Pattern 3 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . District – Geographical subdivision of a large city. Police High Visibility Patrol b. Post – (SUPRA) 2. Beat d. This type of assignment is particularly effective for SATURATION COVERAGE of high crime areas. Beat – Area assigned for foot patrol purposes. Police Low Visibility Patrol PATROL ACTIVITIES 1. Clockwise Pattern c. a. routes or posts. Route c. Route / Line Beat – A length of street or streets designated for patrol purposes. foot patrol c. 5. 30 minutes 9. 11. Sector – Area containing two or more beats. curb d. a. High Visibility Patrol b. 12. This is done at the last hour of the eight-hour tour of duty to ensure that nothing unusual has happened to the area of responsibility. scooter patrol b. Police Immersion 10. Plainclothes Patrol c. Post TERRITORIAL UNITS IN PATROL 1. a. 6. 25 minutes b. EXCEPT… a. Area – Section or territorial division of a large city.

EXCEPT… a. This action is based on the study of the situation and condition of the beat. 2. Counter-Clockwise Pattern – this technique is simply the reverse of the clockwise pattern. The following are the advantages of police high visibility patrol. Police High Visibility Patrol – has the objective of increasing the “aura of police omnipresence” in the community to reduce certain type of crime. not at random but with a definite target location where the patrol officer knows that his presence is necessary. Cloverleaf Pattern – conducted on a highway intersection designed to route traffic without interference by means of a system of curving ramps from one level to another in the form of four (4) leaf clover. 3. Directed Deterrent Patrol – it is a patrol strategy which differs from traditional patrol methods wherein patrol officers perform 4 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Freewheeling Pattern PATROL PATTERNS 1. Its purpose is for the patrol officer to survey the condition and situation of the boundaries of his area of responsibility. 4. 5. 3. 2. used to increase the probability of arrest d. Zigzag or Freewheeling – this is done by patrolling the streets within the perimeter of the beats.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. This is done at the last hour of the eighthour tour of duty to ensure that nothing unusual has happened within the area of responsibility. Target Oriented Patrol – patrol strategy directed towards specific reasons or places. eliminates opportunity on the part of would-be offender to commit crime VISIBILITY PATROL STRATEGIES 1. Straightway or Crisscross Pattern – done by patrolling the length of the street and therefore the easiest to observe. 4. 14. it increases the aura of police omnipresence b. Clockwise Pattern – done in the start of the eight-hour tour of duty. Counter-Clockwise Pattern d. Police Low Visibility Patrol – performed by patrol officers in plainclothes patrol or in unmarked vehicle with the primary purpose crime repression. it diminishes desire to commit crime c.

4. break and meal time and patrol assignments. the police officer who is to go out on patrol should have a “debriefing conference” with the relieving officer. As much as possible. Indoctrination PREPARATIONS FOR PATROL OPERATIONS 1. there is a “fall-in” formation at headquarters. 2. District Orientation Tour – involves familiarization of assigned area for patrolling upon arrival in the field. In-Field Preparation – whenever possible. a. perform it in __________.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION specific predetermined preventive functions on a planned systematic basis. Done during the “In-Field Preparation” phase. regular and definite manner c. Included in Patrol Tactics is that whatever patrol pattern is used. his attitude must be positive. 3. military and alert manner b. 5. General Preparation – The first and foremost in his preparation for patrol duty is attitude preparation. Aggressive Patrol Strategy – emphasis is on the positive target oriented activities which includes physical security inspection. irregular and unpredictable manner 5 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . vehicles to be used and partner (if any). where the outgoing patrol officer orients the relieving officer as to the condition of their particular area of responsibility prior to the former’s turnover. 16. Interactive Patrol Strategy – emphasis is on police-citizen interaction wherein community input is sought in resolving patrol problems. 6. Conference d. fast and furious manner d. In order to have knowledge about their task. a. which is devoted to the giving of specific assignments. Pre-patrol Preparation – Prior to going out on patrol the policeman should be armed with knowledge and equipment. Debriefing Conference c. 15. 5. or the police block as the case may be. This is effective if the information regarding crime trends is based on crime analysis. Vehicle Inspection – involves inspection of patrol vehicles to be used before going out of patrol. precinct. Assembly b.

traffic enforcers. Police Community Precinct – it is headed by a Police Commission Officer with a rank of Chief Inspector or Superintendent with a minimum of thirty (30) personnel including the commander divided in three (3) shifts of eight (8) hours duty. New Cops on the Block c. police community precinct (PCP). 3. and NGOs. 19. Team Policing originated in Aberdeen. b. a. FOX d. It is a grass-root approach undertaken to bring the people and the police together in a cooperative situation. a. because the dog can now be the eyes and ears of his handler in situations. WOLF c. and officers of non-government organizations. Police Beats – consists of identifiable boundaries within area of responsibility where an officer can conduct patrol. junior police. Team Policing b. 2. the line beat patrols. Participative Law Enforcement TEAM POLICING – it attempts to integrate the police and the community interest into a working relationship so as to produce the desired objective of peacekeeping in the community. Auxiliary Component – includes the security guards deployed in area. Patrol Component d. Patrol Component – includes air patrol. and detective repressive patrol. a.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 17. radio groups. Fixed Component c. WOLVES WOLVES – Wireless Operational Link and Video Exploration System 18. Fixed Component – includes the different police station headquarters. civilian volunteers. the barangay tanods. 6 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . or Command Post. the traffic enforcer. Coordinating Center. Non-Uniformed Component COMPONENTS OF INTEGRATED PATROL SYSTEM 1. police visibility points and traffic post. volunteers. Component of Integrated Patrol System which includes security guards deployed in the area. The system of attaching miniature camera and transmitter to a search dog which makes the dog man’s best friend and even better friend. where saving life is a paramount objective. Auxiliary Component b. mobile patrols. Community Oriented Policing System d. CANINE b. a. barangay tanods. Station Desk – serves as 3 C’s of police force: Communication. a. Scotland.

Basically. Deterrence d. dangerous search situations (identification of suspected bomb). dealing with street gangs. backbone of the law enforcement b. . ideal to use in National Highways d. dispersing crowd. Romans b. 3. 2. a. ADVANTAGES OF CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. Pertains to the feeling of would-be criminals that policemen are everywhere. due to its significant value in attaining the main objective of the national law enforcement agency. police dogs are especially useful in high crime areas. Provides great assistance in search and rescue as well as in smelling out illegal drugs and bombs. A dog is capable of recognizing an odor ten (10) million times better than human can. is considered as. Mounted officers can see three (3) blocks more than a foot patrol officer. First used by Egyptians for patrolling. Psychology / Aura of Police Omnipresence c. Germans c. Diffusion b. basic police function 21. etc. Patrol Division. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of Mounted Patrol? a. a. a. . This is usually conducted in wooden and large park areas. guarding suspects. 23. economical MOUNTED / HORSE PATROL The second to the oldest patrol type (next to foot patrol). searching and detection of drugs in packages or on suspects.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 20. A single K-9 team is able to complete building searches seven (7) times faster than four (4) officers working together to search the same building. taking fleeing suspects into custody. could be used in certain areas where automobile is prohibited such as wooden areas. backbone of police operation d. Canine dogs provide protection for patrol officer 7 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Discouragement 22. b. Americans d. Egyptians CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. backbone of police agency c. People who first used “Canine Assisted Patrol”. It is essential for most mediumsized and large police departments. This gives the feeling of fear on his (would-be offender) part and of safety on the part of law abiding citizens. environment friendly c.

Inexpensive to procure and maintain compare to other methods 3. a. Motorcycle Patrol c. Newfound Lands 24. Bloodhounds – a large powerful dog with dropping ears. a. Type of patrol which has been used in many countries as a simple and inexpensive means of transportation to carry police officers throughout patrol districts.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 2. 2. Never hesitate to offer any help consistent with the purpose of law enforcement. hence their help in law enforcement is given the greatest value. sagging jaws. service d. It can cover areas not accessible by motorcycle or patrol cars 8 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Foot Patrol d. frontliners d. Patrol officers are _________. all of them is correct 26. the show window of the police precinct b. Territorial BREEDS OF DOGS APPROPRIATE FOR POLICE WORKS 1. Doberman Pinschers 6. Works with only one (1) handler 3. requires three (3) months to train 4. It has the advantage of stealth and mobility. and keen sense of smell. Dog training is extensive and expensive. Great assistance in locating narcotics and bomb DISADVANTAGES OF CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. because patrol does not only mean protection but _______ as well. corruption c. Rottweiler 5. Best in locating trapped people during emergencies 3. Bicycle Patrol ADVANTAGES OF BICYCLE PATROL 1. Expensive to maintain 2. immersion 25. It has the advantage of mobility and stealth 2. Black Labrador Retrievers 4. Airedale Terriers 7. crime control b. Automobile Patrol b. 3. Can be used in crowd control 4. generalists c. a. German Shepherd – the most frequently used and high scoring dog for police work. Giant Schnauzers 8.

request assistance from the SOCO 9 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . none of them Basically. name plate and insignia b. It is effective in combating theft. and dying person. Danger involved in driving 27. Time between the commission of crime (example: murder) and discovery of the effects (dead body). Biking is a good form of exercise to maintain excellent physique and good health 5. Which of the following is the duty of a patrol officer as the First Responder at the crime scene? a. 28. before leaving the office or station where he is assigned will surrender his ___________ to his immediate supervisor. or any other similar effects. contaminate or destroy potential evidence at the crime scene to mislead investigation. parks and shopping malls 6. could be saved. kill or inflict violence to other people to complete or fulfill his illegitimate end. Which of the following is NOT considered “critical time”? a. either victim of crime or not. a. and the time between the dispatch of patrol officer / first responder at the actual scene of the crime and his arrival could also be considered critical time. Inability to carry additional equipment 2. commit further crimes. time between the lifting of the receiver and the beginning of the actual message between the caller and the desk officer c. It can be effectively used by plainclothes officer while conducting surveillance DISADVANTAGES OF BICYCLE PATROL 1. vandalism in residential areas. after due notice and summary hearing. private firearm c. service firearm d.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. time between the end of caller-police conversation and broadcast of the report by the radio dispatcher to the specific car assigned to the scene d. determine the nature of the crime committed and once identified either sensational or significant. CRITICAL TIME pertains to a certain period in which a suspect could flee or might be able to conceal his means of committing crime. basic salary 29. Apprehended criminals cannot be transported 3. CRITICAL TIME – Also defined as the time between the call of concerned individual to the police regarding crime incident and the arrival at the scene. time between the commission of crime and the call to the police b. burglary. a police officer. Once suspended.

release the crime scene by lifting up the cordon c. What is ideal police response time in the Philippines? a. a. Platoon Commander DUTIES OF PATROL OFFICERS IN EVERY PATROL PHASE Patrol Phase Patrol Personnel Duty 1. Line Beat c. Platoon Commander a. ten (10) minutes b. Its purpose is to provide the organizational and operational framework in truly effecting mechanisms towards enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of the PNP’s investigation capability. PB occupies a particular area of responsibility while the detectives have the primary responsibility of first response in all cases reported for investigation purposes. Conduct inspection as to the appearance and completeness of 10 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . routes. or posts. 33. three (3) minutes c. Detective Beat System c. a. who shall properly dismiss the duty patrol officers after conducting their accounting? a. fifteen (15) minutes RESPONSE TIME – refers to the running time of the dispatched patrol car from his position where the assignment was received and the arrival at the scene.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. assist the SOCO team in identifying and collecting potential evidence that might prove the guilt of the suspect in criminal proceeding d. Police Unit Commander d. Post d. Detective Beat (DB) is concerned with the crime solution angle while the Police Beat (PB) has the primary role of crime prevention. 2. Sector b. secure the area by cordoning it and allow no one to enter unless authorized 30. WOLVES b. upon assumption of responsibility. Investigative System DISTINCTION BETWEEN POLICE BEAT AND DETECTIVE BEAT 1. 31. Desk Officer c. five (5) minutes d. District 32. Dispatcher b. DB may be different from PB but the former compliments the latter in serving and protecting the community 3. In Post-Deployment Phase. An area containing two or more beats. One of the concrete responses of the PNP in reinventing the field of investigation. Integrated Patrol System d.

Duty Patrol Officer B. d. he may disseminate information or requirements that should be monitored during their patrol duty. Read assigned line beats. PreDeployment Phase b. c. 2. b. Deployment Phase a. A. They shall likewise give their situation report which shall be done on an hour basis. Conduct a short troop information and education and disseminate instructions or order. Report to the desk officer and give the number and name of patrol members and their location. Adopt a “buddybuddy system” and keep in mind to make a patrol plan and follow the procedures. 1. Report or record all unusual incidents which came to their attention 11 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Front Desk Officer a. b.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION individual equipment. he shall make a situation before returning to their point of origin. Make the report on the higher headquarters on the dispatch of the patrollers. Upon reaching the end of their line beat. If applicable.

banks. Police Unit Commander a. juvenile delinquents. 1. Duty Patrol Officer a. situation. 2. Turnover to the Front Desk Officer on duty all items confiscated or recovered during their patrol duty. alcoholics. Unusual Occurrence HAZARD – it refers to any person. thing. Platoon Commander a. Property – includes piers. Dismiss patrol officers after conducting an accounting of personnel. athletic events. if allowed to exist may induce an accident or cause a commission of crime. demonstrations. drug peddlers. Any person. prostitutes. 12 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Police Haggard d. warehouse. C. Places – it includes terminals. Police Hazard c. conventions. or condition which. situation. 34. a. or condition possessing high potential for criminal attack or for creation of any other type of problem necessitating a demand for immediate police service. gambling joints. POLICE HAZARD – (SUPRA) KINDS OF POLICE HAZARDS 1. drug dens. and insane persons. thing. venues of parades. prison and jail. 3. 3. PostDeployment Phase 2. pawnshops. gamblers. and schools.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION in the patrol sheet report. and gambling dens. place. Accomplish the daily patrol report before being released and discharged b. and political meetings. Persons – includes criminals. place. unoccupied dwelling. Attractive Nuisance b. Collect the Daily Patrol Report and submit the same to the police headquarters for consolidation and reference. addicts.

REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. maintenance ADVANTAGES OF MOTORCYCLE PATROL 1. Which of the following is/are the common patrol practice particularly high crime areas? a. It is different from custodial interrogation therefore reciting Miranda Warning is NOT applicable. This method is highly visible. political meetings. 2. or parades d. Which of the following is a DISADVANTAGE of Canine Assisted Patrol? a. Feature of “motorcycle patrol” which makes it ideal in anti-bank robbery mission. Through this technique. monitor. 36. provides protection for solo patrol b. 3. stop. UNUSUAL OCCURRENCE (definition) 35. dogs are territorial and its handler and cruiser are part of its territory 37. Quick response to emergency call DISADVANTAGES OF MOTORCYCLE PATROL 1. can be an asset in public relation efforts e. or are about to occur. Relatively high cost to operate. feasts. tap down and apprehend STREET INTERVIEW / INTERROGATION – In this method. person whose answers arouse suspicion of criminal involvement gives the police a probable cause to arrest him. Situations – conventions. stop. and alert d. athletic events. parades. Danger involved in riding causing a greater number of accidents. they can be used in demonstrations. Cannot be used when there is an inclement weather. stealth b. 13 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . look. and listen c. ATTRACTIVE NUISANCE The doctrine in tort law which holds that one who maintains a dangerous instrumentality on his premises which is likely to attract children is under a duty to reasonably protect those children against the dangers of attraction. are occurring. speed c. stop. locating trapped people and concealed contrabands c. etc. in public affairs . the patrol officers aggressively investigate crimes that may have just occurred. a. demonstrations. school. frisk and street interrogation b. maneuverability d. stop. a deterrent impact to wouldbe criminals. creates feeling of fear on the part of the would-be troublemakers f. High mobility especially in congested traffic 2.

4. a. 4. The law that marks the beginning of the curfew hours. and he is therefore more rested and can do a better job. Two pairs of eyes are better than one. promotes self-reliance and self-confidence d. situation report b. personality clashes are reduced and avoided c. two (2) minutes c. On the quiet night. citation must be issued within how many minutes? a. A one man alone develops self-reliance. office who is alone devotes his full attention to driving and beat observation rather than talking with his partner e. When the officer is alone he devotes his attention to his driving and the beat rather than to the conversation with partner. Having twice as many police cars in the street doubles the preventive enforcement. Inability to carry additional equipments 5. Personality conflict is reduced ADVANTAGES OF TWO-MAN PATROL CAR 1. Magna Carta Law b. incident report 41. a. mistake by one officer may be noticed and immediately corrected by his partner ADVANTAGES OF ONE-MAN PATROL CAR 1. 5. In case of traffic rule violations. 2. three (3) minutes d. Rough driving affects the driver’s health 38. daily record of event c. Provides the officer with a greater safety factor by doubling the firepower and physical protection. 3. One officer does not have to drive a full eight hours. Writ of Habeas Corpus 14 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 2. 39. Statute of 1295 c. ten (10) minutes 40. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of One-Mobile Man Patrol? a. which demanded the closing of the gates in London during sundown. preventive enforcement is doubled by having twice as many police cars on the street b. Mistakes that one-man make may be caught by his partner and vice versa. driver can have someone to talk to and help keep him awake. Report containing the observation of the duty patrol officer that must be made upon reaching the end of his line beat before returning to his point of origin.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. five (5) minutes b. 3. 1 d. patrol report sheet d. Commonwealth Act No.

dismisses the patrol officers after accounting b. Order in the Locality b. Hermes System 47. accounts personnel upon completion of their patrol duties c. This is further emphasized by the acronym P. inspects the appearance and completeness of uniform and individual equipments e. Patrollers. covers wide area 15 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations .REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 42. Addressing. Policemen. Reinforce. Part of preparations for patrol operation which involves familiarization of assigned area for patrolling upon arrival at the field. System used by the Metro Manila Development Authority through the use of smart close circuit television (CCTV) equipped with zoom lens to clearly identify the type and plate number of vehicles and recognize the identity of involved parties in a vehicular accident. General Preparation c. Administered. Policemen. a. can enter small alleys and side streets d. To. Station Desk c. Tasks. Smart Traffic System c. ideal in establishing rapport with the members of the community b. In-Field Preparation 43. Headed by a Police Commissioned Officer with a rank of Chief Inspector to Superintendent with a minimum thirty (30) personnel including the commander divided in three (3) shifts of eight (8) hours duty. Coordinating Center 44. Ordinance. Engineered CCTV Operation System (ECO System) d. a. Law Enforcement c. Pre-Patrol Preparation d. foot patrol can sneak up on situation where a patrol car is easily noticed when it approaches c. and Reinforced.L. a. Integrated Patrol System provides a SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP between the police and community. which would eventually draw the active support and cooperation of populace.A. Assigned. Policeman. Related to Order maintenance. and Trained to Reinforce. Police Community Precinct d. Vehicle Inspection e. collects Daily Patrol Report for consolidation and reference d. On. Solar System b. Tasked. disseminate orders and instructions prior to the actual dispatch of duty patrol officers 46.O. a. Assigned.T. District Orientation Tour b. which means… a. in the Locale d. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of Foot Patrol? a. The following are the duties of Platoon Commander prior and subsequent to the deployment of duty patrol officers of the day. Command Post b.R. and Law enforcement 45.

2. where a patrol car is easily noticed when it approaches. The following are the disadvantages of Automobile Patrol. 4. TYPES OF FOOT PATROL 1. and special events.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOOT PATROL Commonly used in areas of crowded population or where there is heavy traffic congestion and assistance of an officer is needed to eliminate traffic jam. Line Beat Patrol – used in securing certain portion of road. neglects to make routine security checks d. ADVANTAGES OF FOOT PATROL 1. Slow response time 2. Foot patrolman can provide immediate traffic control when it is needed. By the use of a two-way radio. a. family dwellings. it is the most expensive type of patrol in terms of human resources and most departments had reduced their foot patrols to minimum due to this. b. Fixed Foot Patrol – usually used for traffic. Cannot be employed during inclement weather 4. Patrol officers can enter small alleys and side streets. Maintains better personal contact with citizens and develops community relations. establishes healthy police-community relations 16 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . surveillance. 2. Low mobility 3. A foot officer can sneak up on situation. 6. Random Foot Patrol – used in checking residential buildings. separates public from the police officers c. EXCEPT… a. Requires huge amount of personnel 48. Also. suspicious persons may go unnoticed b. parades. 3. 5. Officer can actually get to know the physical layout of his beat better. and the like. DISADVANTAGES OF FOOT PATROL 1. Moving Patrol – used when there is considerable foot movement such as business and shopping center. business establishments dark areas and parking lots. Provides closer observation of persons and things. the officer can maintain communications with the department and the mobile unit 7.

One of the best means of preventive enforcement. Permits the officer to carry extra equipment. 2. and they offer a high degree of safety during high-speed pursuits. and transport one or several dogs on patrol and emergency ambulance during disaster. Where speed and mobility is needed such as in large area that must be covered by few officers. 3. TV Patrol 17 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 7. Routine Call d. ADVANTAGES OF AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. Call which requires the use of flashing lights and sirens except when there is an attempt to surprise the criminals in the act. Provides constant availability to public calls. Suspicious persons may go unnoticed. Slows down apprehension and surveillance operations.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION AUTOMOBILE PATROL – the most economical and extensively used type of patrol and offers tactical ability when used in numbers. Offers protection to officers. DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. Urgent Call b. Canine Assisted Patrol d. Emergency Call c. the speed of the automobile allow them to service the whole area and do so efficiently. Routine Call – call where mobile car is required to observe the traffic laws and does not normally use flashing lights and siren while on its way to the scene of the crime. 4. Response Call CALLS ENCOUNTERED BY AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. 2. Foot Patrol c. Which of the following is NOT a type of police patrol? a. 3. Patrol cars can be used as barricades in roadblocks. It separates the public from the police. 4. a. Emergency Call – requires the use of flashing lights and siren except when there is an attempt to surprise the criminals in the act. The most effective means of transportation for police patrol. 50. Patrol car allows the police officer to have a partner when needed. Urgent Call – the responding patrol car has to observe the traffic laws without need of using flashing lights and siren but proceed directly to its destination without stopping en route unless incident of far more serious occurs. 6. 3. Neglect to make routine security checks. 5. Automobile Patrol b. 2. 49.

Police Checkpoint d. Primary Purpose of Decoy Patrol: detection and interception of crime. Proactive Patrol b. which is duly authorized by the PNP. and lying in wait rather than high and low visibility patrols technique. STOPPING ZONE – strategic predetermined area strongly sealed off. aboard a vehicle or on foot. Plainclothes Patrol c. Secondary Purpose of Decoy Patrol: prevention of crime. and for other legitimate purposes. HIGH-RISK ARREST –actual restraint of armed persons following a high-risk stop. Undercover / Decoy Patrol d. deception. and is also established when nearby checkpoints are ignored or during hot pursuit operations. Police Box HASTY CHECKPOINT – immediate response to block the escape of lawless elements from a crime scene.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 51. including the power to use all necessary and legal means to accomplish such end. 52. is conducted to deter / prevent the commission of crimes. 18 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . barricaded and occupied by tactical forces in a lawful display of authority to maintain law and order or in defensive response to an event of criminal nature or of such gravity that occurred or likely to occur calling for high risk stop or arrest. Hasty Checkpoint c. a. HOT PURSUIT (CROSS-JURISDICTIONAL PURSUIT / FRESH PURSUIT) – immediate. PREDETERMINED AREA – specific or projected spot where the armed and dangerous person or persons would pass or likely to pass and so tactically located as to gain calculated advantage against said person or persons. Quite different from traditional patrol methods in that the strategy is to rely on disguise. HIGH-RISK STOP – actual stopping or accosting of armed and dangerous person or persons. Sector Patrol DECOY PATROL is performed by a group of highly trained specialist rather than regular patrol personnel. recent chase or follow-up without material interval for the purpose of taking into custody any person wanted by virtue of a warrant. These specialists may operate under the supervision of the patrol supervisor or may entirely operate independent patrol force. Location where the search. enforce the law. Command Coordination Centre b. a.

and training. administrative units d. Insular Police Force d. Examples are communication. release him It is a rule in “Pat-Down Search” that if the external patting of the suspect’s clothing fails to disclose evidence of a weapon. Philippine National Police Academy 56. investigation. triple more b. 55. the law which created the. twice more c. Integrated National Police c.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 53. Examples are personnel. . traffic enforcers and criminal investigators. delivering the services and dealing directly with the public. 183. Staff or Administrative Functions – functions that are designed to support the line functions. 19 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . planning. a. traffic management. Auxiliary Functions – functions involving the logistical operations of the organization. records management. operational units c. no further search may be made. investigation and vice control. arrest him for resistance of order d. supplies and equipment management. When driving with partner the driving officer must cover 100% of his vision in front and passenger officer must cover _______ than the former. Functions that carry out the major purposes of organization. 2. What should be done if the external patting of the suspect’s clothing fails to disclose evidence of weapon? a. Organic units that perform patrol operations. procure a search warrant immediately b. Functional or Support Functions FUNCTIONS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1. force him to show his pocket c. Primary or Line Functions c. Conducted by at least two (2) officers. Primary or Line Functions – (defined in the above question) examples are patrol officers. maintenance. 3. 54. Auxiliary Functions b. Act No. quarter lesser 57. a. Staff or Administrative Functions d. . service units ORGANIC UNITS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1. major units b. a. finance. a. Operational Units – those that perform primary or line functions such as patrol. Manila Police Department b. half lesser d. traffic management and vice control.

records management. nuclei c. This is necessary for specialization. combined investigation and patrol function d. Units – (defined above) 59. Unity of Supervision – (SUPRA) 2. unified delivery of service b. Bureau – largest functional organic unit within a large department. planning. Low Level Flexibility in Decision Making – members are encouraged to share and exchange ideas and work together in solving problems within their area of responsibility. a. finance. 2. Unified Delivery of Service – its importance is to develop every member on all skills rather than focusing on single skill only. 58.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 2. bureaus FUNCTIONAL UNITS 1. and NBI under the DOJ. PNP under the DILG. Police Community Precinct 20 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . District c. divisions b. . 3. Example. team of five (5) to ten (10) men is assigned according to concentration of crimes and citizens-calls for police assistance 60. 3. 4. Combined Investigation and Patrol Function – it is intended to unify the investigators and patrol officers to a more competent and cooperative approach to crime solving. Administrative Units –those that perform administrative functions. Division – it is the primary subdivision of bureau. Functional groups within a section where further specialization is needed. 4. 1st digit of Patrol Beats refers to the numerical value assigned to. Section – functional unit within a particular division. a. low level flexibility in decision making c. units d. and the like. and training. Service Units – those that perform auxiliary functions examples are communication. Example of which are personnel. 3. a. unity of supervision ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURES OF TEAM POLICING 1. Organizational feature of team policing which aims to encourage consistency and continuity of police policies and procedures and to provide greater uniformity in developing solutions to community problems. . In NCR. In Team Policing.

He may. d. 3. if applicable. First Digit refers to the numerical value assigned to district. Beat PATROL BEATS IDENTIFICATION FOR NCR – Identifiable by five (5) digit number 1. the Platoon Commanders shall conduct a short troop information and education. 2. Platoon Commanders shall conduct inspection as to appearance and completeness of individual equipment. 2. 5th Digit refers to the PCP’s. Fourth and Fifth Digits refer to the number assigned to particular beat. b. The members of the patrol team shall form and assemble at the police unit Headquarters at least thirty (30) minutes before the start of their shift for their accounting. and disseminate instruction/order. 3. 1. PATROL BEATS IDENTIFICATION FOR REGIONS – identifiable by a seven (7) digit number. The Front Desk Officer shall make the report on the higher Headquarters on the dispatch of the patrollers. Second Digit refers to the number assigned to each of the municipality / city within the district. THE OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES IN THE CONDUCT OF BEAT PATROL 1.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. 4. PRE-DEPLOYMENT PHASE a. The Front Desk Officer shall then read their assigned line beats. disseminate information / requirements that should be monitored during their patrol duty. 1st and 2nd Digits refer to number of region. 4. 6th and 7th Digits refer to the particular beat. Municipality / City within the district d. 5. 3rd Digit refers to a number assigned to a particular province within the region. DEPLOYMENT PHASE 21 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 2. 4th Digit refers to a number assigned to municipality or city. Third Digit refers to the number assigned to the particular PCP. e. After the inspection. c.

Police Unit Commander shall collect the Daily Patrol Report and submit the same to the police Headquarters for consolidation and reference. After the tour of duty. POST DEPLOYMENT PHASE a. 3. patrol officers shall return to their Patrol Unit Headquarters and surrender the team equipments. 2. 22 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . All unusual incidents which came to their attention must be reported or recorded in the patrol sheet report. the patrol officers shall adopt the “buddy-buddy system” keeping in mind to make a patrol plan and follow the procedures. Chronological Distribution – it involves consideration of the nature and causes of crime. Patrol officers shall turnover to the Front Desk Officer On-Duty all items confiscated / recovered during their patrol duty. c. when and who committed them. While on patrol.  Crime Map – location or place. d. Their Platoon Commanders shall then properly dismiss them after conducting an accounting of personnel. patrol officers shall report to the desk officer and give the number and name of patrol members and their location. FACTORS AFFECTING THE EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION OF PATROL FORCES 1. d. Upon arrival at their beats. e.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION a. or crime-prone areas wherein crime is frequently or often committed. Upon reaching the end of his line beat. the patrol officer shall make a situation report before returning to their point of origin. Geographical Distribution – it involves weighing categories of incidents and accounting the number of identifiable hazards and street mileage. b. They shall likewise give their situation report which shall be done on an hour basis.  Crime Clock – it signifies what crime is often or frequently committed. They should familiarize how crimes are committed. b. Patrol officers shall likewise accomplish the Daily Patrol Report before being released and discharged. c.

23 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Motor Patrol Distribution – involves determining the need to shift motor patrol units hour-by-hour at the area according to where and when crime most likely to occur. Walking Beats – involves determining man hours needed to cover the streets and alleys to inspect the police hazards that would prevail within the AOR.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 3. 4.

by hook or by crook. ordered to. Hermes System c. Half of the arresting team retreated. 24 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . personnel d. a member of a group of gunmen. what is officer? is to twenty-one (21) is to twenty-eight (28) 4. When it comes to speed in searching a capacity ratio between the dog-to-police a. Inspector Kalmado ordered retreat to avoid additional casualties. Chain of Command c. one (1) is to four (4) c. one (1) is to seven (7) d. finance c. However. EXCEPT… a. Community Oriented Policing System d. The following are the functions of the administrative unit of the PNP. Deployment Phase d. arrest the members of the violent group. Clockwise Pattern c. one (1) building. Two officers were shot by the armed group resulting to their instantaneous death. the team leader of the arresting team. On what phase does the duty patrol officer accomplish his Daily Patrol Report? a. Mission failed. What principle of the organization was not carried out properly? a. Formation Phase 7. SPOIV Awayero. Patrol pattern which is conducted not in random but with definite target location. one (1) b. turned into a violent encounter. Straightway Pattern d.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION MOCK BOARD EXAMINATION LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION (LEA-III) POLICE PATROL OPERATIONS Instruction: ENCIRCLE the letter of the BEST answer ---------------------------------------------------------------1. Simplicity 2. Pre-Deployment Phase c. Freewheeling Pattern b. Refers to the actual restraint of armed person or group following a high-risk stop. a. Unity of Command d. Command Responsibility b. another team leader of the arresting team and the father of the two officers who were shot. The arrest of X. Solar System 6. Post-Deployment Phase b. Counter-Clockwise Pattern 5. What system should be adopted by the deployed officers in conducting patrol within their beats? a. Buddy-Buddy System b. while the other half remained and died. planning b. Due to this. investigation 3.

their superior officers c. Hazard c. high-risk arrest 8. arrest b. Threat b. all mistakes of subordinates are accountable to .REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION a. their deed 25 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . criminal apprehension d. their “buddies” b. place. thing. a. if allowed to exist may induce an accident or cause the commission of crime. . . Risk d. themselves d. situation or condition which. Police Hazard 9. a. criminal arrest c. In principle of Command Responsibility. Any person.

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