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REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION

A. LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
IV. POLICE PATROL OPERATIONS

1. Also known to be the “Anti-Drunk Driving Act of the 2013”.
a. RA 10592
c. RA 10586
b. RA 4136
d. RA 10175
2. To carry out the main objective of proactive policing activity, the Head of
Patrol Unit of the local PNP increased the number police patrol officers who
are well-trained in community relations. They had been oriented to establish
a healthy relationship with the residents to gather their confidence and
cooperation especially in watching for any untoward incidents, and to report
the same for police actions. What objective of police patrol operation is being
emphasized in the given scenario?
a. Police Immersion
c. Criminal Detection,
Apprehension, and Detention
b. Participative Law Enforcement
d. Team Policing
POLICE IMMERSION – part of community oriented policing technique
wherein patrol officers are deployed to familiarize, and mingle with the
residents of his area of responsibility so that they would know them.
3. Arranging of personnel and functions in a systematic manner designed to
accommodate stated goals and objectives in the most efficient manner
possible.
a. Organization
c. Administration
b. Employment
d. Management
ORGANIZATION is also defined as a group of people working together
to achieve a common goal.
4. In this method, the suspect stands with his feet together, his head tilted
straightly back, and his eyes closed while he estimates the passage of a
certain time.
a. One Leg Stand Test
c. Horizontal Nystagmus Test
b. Finger to Nose Test
d. Romberg’s Balance Test
5. The word “patrol” was derived from the French word “patrouiller” which
means. . .
a. to carry burden
c. to go through puddles
b. to wander away from home
d. to move from one place to
another
Etymology of the word POLICE
 Politeia is a Greek word which means a government of a city.
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CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations

REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION

Politia is a Roman word which means a condition of a state,
government and administration.

Etymology of the word PATROL
 Patrouiller is a French word which means “to go through puddles”
6. A principle of sound police patrol organization which is based on the belief
that an individual should be responsible to one and only one person at any
given time and in any given situation.
a. Chain of Command
c. Unity of Command
b. Span of Control
d. Organizing by Function
ORGANIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES
The following are the principles that enable goals of patrol affairs
achieved:
1. Simplicity – which can be done by providing simple organizational
plan clearly understood by all concerned, yet detailed to provide
clear lines of authority and responsibility.
2. Organizing by Function – it emphasizes the grouping of similar
tasks, job assignments, performance of functions together and
placing them under a single supervision or command officer. In
keeping this principle basic distinction between line and staff
functions must be observed.
3. Chain of Command – it holds that successive person in the chain
of command, from the first level supervisor to the chief of police
must be given an opportunity to deal with those incidents for which
he or she is responsible. A person cannot be held accountable if the
chain of command is violated by allowing other persons below to
handle the situation.
4. Span of Control – it is based on the assumption that there is a
limit to the number of individuals that one person can effectively
supervise. It depends upon various factors such as:
a. The type and complexity of the work performed
b. The skills, training and experience of personnel performing
the work
c. The degree of specialization involved in the work performed
d. The knowledge, skills and experience of the supervisor
5. Unity of Command – (SUPRA)
7. Part of Foot Patrol Tactics is to walk close to the ______ during the day and
close to the building at night.
a. residential houses
c. gates
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CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations

a. 30 minutes 9. This type of assignment is particularly effective for SATURATION COVERAGE of high crime areas. Straightway Pattern 3 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . a. 11. A fixed point or location to which an officer as assigned for duty. Reactive Patrol c. The following types of patrol are NOT conducted in SECTOR. Sector – Area containing two or more beats. a. a. 4. Team Policing d. a. Area – Section or territorial division of a large city. Route c. scooter patrol b. 12. 5. 20 minutes d. Beat d. bicycle patrol d. Police Immersion 10. Post TERRITORIAL UNITS IN PATROL 1. High Visibility Patrol b. Reactive Patrol – a patrol activity which consist of driving around the district waiting for something to happen. This is done at the last hour of the eight-hour tour of duty to ensure that nothing unusual has happened to the area of responsibility. 15 minutes c. foot patrol c. Route / Line Beat – A length of street or streets designated for patrol purposes. 25 minutes b. 6. Post – (SUPRA) 2. Alternative patrol system which means the fielding of the field units in their respective areas of responsibility with prescribed objectives and verifiable tasks scheduled for the day to augment the calls and other onsight activities that make up the officer’s day. Proactive Patrol – (SUPRA) 2. Police High Visibility Patrol b. It provides extra coverage without alarming the occupants with an unusual number of police officer. EXCEPT… a. such as designated desk office or an intersection or crosswalk for traffic duty or spot location for general guard duty. Plainclothes Patrol c. Clockwise Pattern c. routes or posts. members of the Patrol Team shall form and assemble at the Patrol Unit Headquarters at least _________ before the start of their shift for their accounting. District b. During the Pre-Deployment Phase.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. automobile patrol 13. Proactive Patrol d. Police Low Visibility Patrol PATROL ACTIVITIES 1. curb d. 3. commercial establishments 8. District – Geographical subdivision of a large city. Beat – Area assigned for foot patrol purposes.

Freewheeling Pattern PATROL PATTERNS 1. 2. 14. This is done at the last hour of the eighthour tour of duty to ensure that nothing unusual has happened within the area of responsibility. 5. Directed Deterrent Patrol – it is a patrol strategy which differs from traditional patrol methods wherein patrol officers perform 4 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Counter-Clockwise Pattern d. Police High Visibility Patrol – has the objective of increasing the “aura of police omnipresence” in the community to reduce certain type of crime. 2. The following are the advantages of police high visibility patrol. Clockwise Pattern – done in the start of the eight-hour tour of duty. Target Oriented Patrol – patrol strategy directed towards specific reasons or places. 4. eliminates opportunity on the part of would-be offender to commit crime VISIBILITY PATROL STRATEGIES 1. Cloverleaf Pattern – conducted on a highway intersection designed to route traffic without interference by means of a system of curving ramps from one level to another in the form of four (4) leaf clover. This action is based on the study of the situation and condition of the beat. Straightway or Crisscross Pattern – done by patrolling the length of the street and therefore the easiest to observe. Its purpose is for the patrol officer to survey the condition and situation of the boundaries of his area of responsibility. 4. used to increase the probability of arrest d. not at random but with a definite target location where the patrol officer knows that his presence is necessary. it diminishes desire to commit crime c. EXCEPT… a. 3. Police Low Visibility Patrol – performed by patrol officers in plainclothes patrol or in unmarked vehicle with the primary purpose crime repression.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. Counter-Clockwise Pattern – this technique is simply the reverse of the clockwise pattern. it increases the aura of police omnipresence b. 3. Zigzag or Freewheeling – this is done by patrolling the streets within the perimeter of the beats.

regular and definite manner c. break and meal time and patrol assignments. This is effective if the information regarding crime trends is based on crime analysis.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION specific predetermined preventive functions on a planned systematic basis. As much as possible. In order to have knowledge about their task. Indoctrination PREPARATIONS FOR PATROL OPERATIONS 1. precinct. the police officer who is to go out on patrol should have a “debriefing conference” with the relieving officer. Interactive Patrol Strategy – emphasis is on police-citizen interaction wherein community input is sought in resolving patrol problems. 2. there is a “fall-in” formation at headquarters. 16. where the outgoing patrol officer orients the relieving officer as to the condition of their particular area of responsibility prior to the former’s turnover. or the police block as the case may be. District Orientation Tour – involves familiarization of assigned area for patrolling upon arrival in the field. 4. 15. fast and furious manner d. Conference d. In-Field Preparation – whenever possible. a. perform it in __________. 6. irregular and unpredictable manner 5 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Pre-patrol Preparation – Prior to going out on patrol the policeman should be armed with knowledge and equipment. 3. 5. Assembly b. Included in Patrol Tactics is that whatever patrol pattern is used. General Preparation – The first and foremost in his preparation for patrol duty is attitude preparation. Debriefing Conference c. which is devoted to the giving of specific assignments. Done during the “In-Field Preparation” phase. a. 5. Aggressive Patrol Strategy – emphasis is on the positive target oriented activities which includes physical security inspection. vehicles to be used and partner (if any). his attitude must be positive. Vehicle Inspection – involves inspection of patrol vehicles to be used before going out of patrol. military and alert manner b.

a. a. WOLF c. Station Desk – serves as 3 C’s of police force: Communication. Community Oriented Policing System d. Component of Integrated Patrol System which includes security guards deployed in the area. It is a grass-root approach undertaken to bring the people and the police together in a cooperative situation. CANINE b.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 17. 19. 3. Auxiliary Component b. Police Beats – consists of identifiable boundaries within area of responsibility where an officer can conduct patrol. the line beat patrols. because the dog can now be the eyes and ears of his handler in situations. Scotland. radio groups. a. The system of attaching miniature camera and transmitter to a search dog which makes the dog man’s best friend and even better friend. b. WOLVES WOLVES – Wireless Operational Link and Video Exploration System 18. barangay tanods. civilian volunteers. Auxiliary Component – includes the security guards deployed in area. a. police community precinct (PCP). Police Community Precinct – it is headed by a Police Commission Officer with a rank of Chief Inspector or Superintendent with a minimum of thirty (30) personnel including the commander divided in three (3) shifts of eight (8) hours duty. FOX d. the traffic enforcer. Patrol Component – includes air patrol. junior police. Fixed Component – includes the different police station headquarters. Patrol Component d. and NGOs. and officers of non-government organizations. or Command Post. New Cops on the Block c. mobile patrols. police visibility points and traffic post. a. Participative Law Enforcement TEAM POLICING – it attempts to integrate the police and the community interest into a working relationship so as to produce the desired objective of peacekeeping in the community. Non-Uniformed Component COMPONENTS OF INTEGRATED PATROL SYSTEM 1. Team Policing originated in Aberdeen. the barangay tanods. Coordinating Center. 2. and detective repressive patrol. where saving life is a paramount objective. volunteers. 6 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Fixed Component c. traffic enforcers. Team Policing b.

It is essential for most mediumsized and large police departments. a. due to its significant value in attaining the main objective of the national law enforcement agency. basic police function 21. Canine dogs provide protection for patrol officer 7 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Deterrence d. Discouragement 22. backbone of the law enforcement b. A dog is capable of recognizing an odor ten (10) million times better than human can. 3. police dogs are especially useful in high crime areas. a. searching and detection of drugs in packages or on suspects. 23. could be used in certain areas where automobile is prohibited such as wooden areas. Patrol Division. First used by Egyptians for patrolling. ADVANTAGES OF CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. backbone of police agency c. Diffusion b. Basically. etc. Pertains to the feeling of would-be criminals that policemen are everywhere. Provides great assistance in search and rescue as well as in smelling out illegal drugs and bombs. . guarding suspects. 2. b. dangerous search situations (identification of suspected bomb). a. This is usually conducted in wooden and large park areas. dispersing crowd. Americans d. Egyptians CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. dealing with street gangs. economical MOUNTED / HORSE PATROL The second to the oldest patrol type (next to foot patrol). Which of the following is NOT an advantage of Mounted Patrol? a. backbone of police operation d. . Psychology / Aura of Police Omnipresence c. People who first used “Canine Assisted Patrol”. This gives the feeling of fear on his (would-be offender) part and of safety on the part of law abiding citizens. is considered as. Germans c.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 20. taking fleeing suspects into custody. A single K-9 team is able to complete building searches seven (7) times faster than four (4) officers working together to search the same building. Romans b. Mounted officers can see three (3) blocks more than a foot patrol officer. environment friendly c. ideal to use in National Highways d.

frontliners d. sagging jaws. Airedale Terriers 7. Dog training is extensive and expensive. immersion 25. Bloodhounds – a large powerful dog with dropping ears. a. crime control b. because patrol does not only mean protection but _______ as well. the show window of the police precinct b. Can be used in crowd control 4. a. 3. service d. Motorcycle Patrol c. Inexpensive to procure and maintain compare to other methods 3. generalists c. Black Labrador Retrievers 4. Expensive to maintain 2. It can cover areas not accessible by motorcycle or patrol cars 8 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . hence their help in law enforcement is given the greatest value. Giant Schnauzers 8. Automobile Patrol b. Never hesitate to offer any help consistent with the purpose of law enforcement. It has the advantage of mobility and stealth 2. Bicycle Patrol ADVANTAGES OF BICYCLE PATROL 1. corruption c. Territorial BREEDS OF DOGS APPROPRIATE FOR POLICE WORKS 1. Foot Patrol d. German Shepherd – the most frequently used and high scoring dog for police work. Patrol officers are _________. all of them is correct 26. Great assistance in locating narcotics and bomb DISADVANTAGES OF CANINE (K-9) ASSISTED PATROL 1. Doberman Pinschers 6. Rottweiler 5. 2.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 2. Best in locating trapped people during emergencies 3. Works with only one (1) handler 3. Newfound Lands 24. It has the advantage of stealth and mobility. and keen sense of smell. a. requires three (3) months to train 4. Type of patrol which has been used in many countries as a simple and inexpensive means of transportation to carry police officers throughout patrol districts.

burglary. Time between the commission of crime (example: murder) and discovery of the effects (dead body). either victim of crime or not. contaminate or destroy potential evidence at the crime scene to mislead investigation. kill or inflict violence to other people to complete or fulfill his illegitimate end. commit further crimes. time between the lifting of the receiver and the beginning of the actual message between the caller and the desk officer c. private firearm c. It can be effectively used by plainclothes officer while conducting surveillance DISADVANTAGES OF BICYCLE PATROL 1. CRITICAL TIME – Also defined as the time between the call of concerned individual to the police regarding crime incident and the arrival at the scene. determine the nature of the crime committed and once identified either sensational or significant. parks and shopping malls 6. a. vandalism in residential areas.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. It is effective in combating theft. and dying person. Which of the following is NOT considered “critical time”? a. before leaving the office or station where he is assigned will surrender his ___________ to his immediate supervisor. basic salary 29. name plate and insignia b. service firearm d. Apprehended criminals cannot be transported 3. Biking is a good form of exercise to maintain excellent physique and good health 5. after due notice and summary hearing. Inability to carry additional equipment 2. a police officer. 28. time between the end of caller-police conversation and broadcast of the report by the radio dispatcher to the specific car assigned to the scene d. time between the commission of crime and the call to the police b. Danger involved in driving 27. Which of the following is the duty of a patrol officer as the First Responder at the crime scene? a. CRITICAL TIME pertains to a certain period in which a suspect could flee or might be able to conceal his means of committing crime. could be saved. none of them Basically. Once suspended. request assistance from the SOCO 9 | Page CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . or any other similar effects. and the time between the dispatch of patrol officer / first responder at the actual scene of the crime and his arrival could also be considered critical time.

assist the SOCO team in identifying and collecting potential evidence that might prove the guilt of the suspect in criminal proceeding d. release the crime scene by lifting up the cordon c. PB occupies a particular area of responsibility while the detectives have the primary responsibility of first response in all cases reported for investigation purposes. Post d. a. or posts. DB may be different from PB but the former compliments the latter in serving and protecting the community 3. One of the concrete responses of the PNP in reinventing the field of investigation. 33. Platoon Commander DUTIES OF PATROL OFFICERS IN EVERY PATROL PHASE Patrol Phase Patrol Personnel Duty 1. Police Unit Commander d. 31. District 32. a. Sector b. fifteen (15) minutes RESPONSE TIME – refers to the running time of the dispatched patrol car from his position where the assignment was received and the arrival at the scene. Dispatcher b. 2. Conduct inspection as to the appearance and completeness of 10 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . routes. five (5) minutes d. three (3) minutes c. Detective Beat System c. Line Beat c. Detective Beat (DB) is concerned with the crime solution angle while the Police Beat (PB) has the primary role of crime prevention.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. In Post-Deployment Phase. WOLVES b. Platoon Commander a. What is ideal police response time in the Philippines? a. Desk Officer c. Its purpose is to provide the organizational and operational framework in truly effecting mechanisms towards enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of the PNP’s investigation capability. upon assumption of responsibility. who shall properly dismiss the duty patrol officers after conducting their accounting? a. ten (10) minutes b. Investigative System DISTINCTION BETWEEN POLICE BEAT AND DETECTIVE BEAT 1. Integrated Patrol System d. secure the area by cordoning it and allow no one to enter unless authorized 30. An area containing two or more beats.

he may disseminate information or requirements that should be monitored during their patrol duty. Report to the desk officer and give the number and name of patrol members and their location. Read assigned line beats. b. b. Upon reaching the end of their line beat. 2. 1. Report or record all unusual incidents which came to their attention 11 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . PreDeployment Phase b. Duty Patrol Officer B. he shall make a situation before returning to their point of origin. A.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION individual equipment. Adopt a “buddybuddy system” and keep in mind to make a patrol plan and follow the procedures. c. If applicable. Make the report on the higher headquarters on the dispatch of the patrollers. Conduct a short troop information and education and disseminate instructions or order. Deployment Phase a. d. They shall likewise give their situation report which shall be done on an hour basis. Front Desk Officer a.

demonstrations. a. 1. and insane persons. drug peddlers. juvenile delinquents. and gambling dens. Property – includes piers. conventions. 3. Attractive Nuisance b. 34. or condition which. Accomplish the daily patrol report before being released and discharged b. PostDeployment Phase 2. Police Unit Commander a. addicts. thing. venues of parades. C. Collect the Daily Patrol Report and submit the same to the police headquarters for consolidation and reference. unoccupied dwelling. Turnover to the Front Desk Officer on duty all items confiscated or recovered during their patrol duty. if allowed to exist may induce an accident or cause a commission of crime.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION in the patrol sheet report. Any person. Unusual Occurrence HAZARD – it refers to any person. warehouse. athletic events. Persons – includes criminals. Platoon Commander a. banks. prostitutes. 12 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . place. place. alcoholics. Police Haggard d. Duty Patrol Officer a. pawnshops. situation. 2. prison and jail. situation. or condition possessing high potential for criminal attack or for creation of any other type of problem necessitating a demand for immediate police service. gamblers. Police Hazard c. POLICE HAZARD – (SUPRA) KINDS OF POLICE HAZARDS 1. and political meetings. Dismiss patrol officers after conducting an accounting of personnel. drug dens. 3. Places – it includes terminals. and schools. thing. gambling joints.

dogs are territorial and its handler and cruiser are part of its territory 37. 13 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Danger involved in riding causing a greater number of accidents. stop. High mobility especially in congested traffic 2. 2. school. speed c. feasts. and listen c. Situations – conventions. stop. tap down and apprehend STREET INTERVIEW / INTERROGATION – In this method. maneuverability d. stop. Feature of “motorcycle patrol” which makes it ideal in anti-bank robbery mission. ATTRACTIVE NUISANCE The doctrine in tort law which holds that one who maintains a dangerous instrumentality on his premises which is likely to attract children is under a duty to reasonably protect those children against the dangers of attraction. creates feeling of fear on the part of the would-be troublemakers f. maintenance ADVANTAGES OF MOTORCYCLE PATROL 1. demonstrations. political meetings. Quick response to emergency call DISADVANTAGES OF MOTORCYCLE PATROL 1. athletic events. parades. provides protection for solo patrol b. 3. 36. person whose answers arouse suspicion of criminal involvement gives the police a probable cause to arrest him. in public affairs . look. Through this technique. are occurring. stealth b. or are about to occur.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. Cannot be used when there is an inclement weather. and alert d. they can be used in demonstrations. locating trapped people and concealed contrabands c. stop. the patrol officers aggressively investigate crimes that may have just occurred. UNUSUAL OCCURRENCE (definition) 35. This method is highly visible. Relatively high cost to operate. or parades d. Which of the following is/are the common patrol practice particularly high crime areas? a. a. a deterrent impact to wouldbe criminals. It is different from custodial interrogation therefore reciting Miranda Warning is NOT applicable. Which of the following is a DISADVANTAGE of Canine Assisted Patrol? a. frisk and street interrogation b. etc. monitor. can be an asset in public relation efforts e.

Statute of 1295 c. situation report b. 2. patrol report sheet d. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of One-Mobile Man Patrol? a. promotes self-reliance and self-confidence d. three (3) minutes d. a. Having twice as many police cars in the street doubles the preventive enforcement. 39. daily record of event c. two (2) minutes c. Writ of Habeas Corpus 14 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . A one man alone develops self-reliance. 4. Personality conflict is reduced ADVANTAGES OF TWO-MAN PATROL CAR 1. 3. 4. incident report 41. which demanded the closing of the gates in London during sundown. driver can have someone to talk to and help keep him awake. ten (10) minutes 40. office who is alone devotes his full attention to driving and beat observation rather than talking with his partner e. Magna Carta Law b. One officer does not have to drive a full eight hours. When the officer is alone he devotes his attention to his driving and the beat rather than to the conversation with partner. citation must be issued within how many minutes? a. and he is therefore more rested and can do a better job.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 4. mistake by one officer may be noticed and immediately corrected by his partner ADVANTAGES OF ONE-MAN PATROL CAR 1. Rough driving affects the driver’s health 38. preventive enforcement is doubled by having twice as many police cars on the street b. The law that marks the beginning of the curfew hours. Mistakes that one-man make may be caught by his partner and vice versa. 2. In case of traffic rule violations. Report containing the observation of the duty patrol officer that must be made upon reaching the end of his line beat before returning to his point of origin. five (5) minutes b. Two pairs of eyes are better than one. 5. a. 3. 1 d. Commonwealth Act No. Provides the officer with a greater safety factor by doubling the firepower and physical protection. Inability to carry additional equipments 5. personality clashes are reduced and avoided c. On the quiet night.

Reinforce. This is further emphasized by the acronym P. Police Community Precinct d.R. Tasked. ideal in establishing rapport with the members of the community b. dismisses the patrol officers after accounting b. Part of preparations for patrol operation which involves familiarization of assigned area for patrolling upon arrival at the field. Station Desk c. covers wide area 15 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Smart Traffic System c. collects Daily Patrol Report for consolidation and reference d. Policemen. Integrated Patrol System provides a SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP between the police and community. Ordinance. which means… a. a. can enter small alleys and side streets d. a. Addressing. Solar System b. Assigned. The following are the duties of Platoon Commander prior and subsequent to the deployment of duty patrol officers of the day.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 42.L. in the Locale d. Engineered CCTV Operation System (ECO System) d. inspects the appearance and completeness of uniform and individual equipments e.T. On. District Orientation Tour b. Pre-Patrol Preparation d. Coordinating Center 44. which would eventually draw the active support and cooperation of populace. Law Enforcement c. Policeman. Tasks. and Reinforced. and Trained to Reinforce. To. a. Administered. Vehicle Inspection e. Patrollers. Assigned. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of Foot Patrol? a. Policemen.O. System used by the Metro Manila Development Authority through the use of smart close circuit television (CCTV) equipped with zoom lens to clearly identify the type and plate number of vehicles and recognize the identity of involved parties in a vehicular accident. disseminate orders and instructions prior to the actual dispatch of duty patrol officers 46. a. accounts personnel upon completion of their patrol duties c. Order in the Locality b. Related to Order maintenance. foot patrol can sneak up on situation where a patrol car is easily noticed when it approaches c. Headed by a Police Commissioned Officer with a rank of Chief Inspector to Superintendent with a minimum thirty (30) personnel including the commander divided in three (3) shifts of eight (8) hours duty. In-Field Preparation 43. Hermes System 47. General Preparation c.A. Command Post b. and Law enforcement 45.

Foot patrolman can provide immediate traffic control when it is needed. Moving Patrol – used when there is considerable foot movement such as business and shopping center. Requires huge amount of personnel 48. Also. ADVANTAGES OF FOOT PATROL 1. it is the most expensive type of patrol in terms of human resources and most departments had reduced their foot patrols to minimum due to this. parades. Random Foot Patrol – used in checking residential buildings. establishes healthy police-community relations 16 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . and the like. Officer can actually get to know the physical layout of his beat better. neglects to make routine security checks d. 2. A foot officer can sneak up on situation. where a patrol car is easily noticed when it approaches. 6. TYPES OF FOOT PATROL 1. surveillance. By the use of a two-way radio. business establishments dark areas and parking lots. 2. separates public from the police officers c. the officer can maintain communications with the department and the mobile unit 7.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOOT PATROL Commonly used in areas of crowded population or where there is heavy traffic congestion and assistance of an officer is needed to eliminate traffic jam. Patrol officers can enter small alleys and side streets. 3. and special events. a. The following are the disadvantages of Automobile Patrol. Slow response time 2. 5. Line Beat Patrol – used in securing certain portion of road. 4. Low mobility 3. family dwellings. Provides closer observation of persons and things. suspicious persons may go unnoticed b. b. EXCEPT… a. Maintains better personal contact with citizens and develops community relations. DISADVANTAGES OF FOOT PATROL 1. Fixed Foot Patrol – usually used for traffic. Cannot be employed during inclement weather 4.

5. DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. Urgent Call b. and transport one or several dogs on patrol and emergency ambulance during disaster. One of the best means of preventive enforcement. Permits the officer to carry extra equipment. 4. 6. It separates the public from the police. 4. 3. 2. 50. Response Call CALLS ENCOUNTERED BY AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. and they offer a high degree of safety during high-speed pursuits. Which of the following is NOT a type of police patrol? a. Patrol car allows the police officer to have a partner when needed. TV Patrol 17 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Canine Assisted Patrol d.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION AUTOMOBILE PATROL – the most economical and extensively used type of patrol and offers tactical ability when used in numbers. 3. Patrol cars can be used as barricades in roadblocks. Automobile Patrol b. 7. Suspicious persons may go unnoticed. Slows down apprehension and surveillance operations. Foot Patrol c. the speed of the automobile allow them to service the whole area and do so efficiently. Emergency Call c. Where speed and mobility is needed such as in large area that must be covered by few officers. 49. 2. a. Call which requires the use of flashing lights and sirens except when there is an attempt to surprise the criminals in the act. 2. Urgent Call – the responding patrol car has to observe the traffic laws without need of using flashing lights and siren but proceed directly to its destination without stopping en route unless incident of far more serious occurs. Provides constant availability to public calls. ADVANTAGES OF AUTOMOBILE PATROL 1. Routine Call d. 3. Emergency Call – requires the use of flashing lights and siren except when there is an attempt to surprise the criminals in the act. Offers protection to officers. Neglect to make routine security checks. Routine Call – call where mobile car is required to observe the traffic laws and does not normally use flashing lights and siren while on its way to the scene of the crime. The most effective means of transportation for police patrol.

18 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Plainclothes Patrol c. Primary Purpose of Decoy Patrol: detection and interception of crime. Police Checkpoint d. STOPPING ZONE – strategic predetermined area strongly sealed off. Secondary Purpose of Decoy Patrol: prevention of crime. Hasty Checkpoint c. HIGH-RISK STOP – actual stopping or accosting of armed and dangerous person or persons. Command Coordination Centre b. a. aboard a vehicle or on foot. HOT PURSUIT (CROSS-JURISDICTIONAL PURSUIT / FRESH PURSUIT) – immediate. Undercover / Decoy Patrol d. 52. Location where the search. is conducted to deter / prevent the commission of crimes. These specialists may operate under the supervision of the patrol supervisor or may entirely operate independent patrol force. enforce the law. PREDETERMINED AREA – specific or projected spot where the armed and dangerous person or persons would pass or likely to pass and so tactically located as to gain calculated advantage against said person or persons. Sector Patrol DECOY PATROL is performed by a group of highly trained specialist rather than regular patrol personnel. HIGH-RISK ARREST –actual restraint of armed persons following a high-risk stop. Police Box HASTY CHECKPOINT – immediate response to block the escape of lawless elements from a crime scene. and for other legitimate purposes. Proactive Patrol b. a. Quite different from traditional patrol methods in that the strategy is to rely on disguise. barricaded and occupied by tactical forces in a lawful display of authority to maintain law and order or in defensive response to an event of criminal nature or of such gravity that occurred or likely to occur calling for high risk stop or arrest. deception. including the power to use all necessary and legal means to accomplish such end. and is also established when nearby checkpoints are ignored or during hot pursuit operations. and lying in wait rather than high and low visibility patrols technique. which is duly authorized by the PNP.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 51. recent chase or follow-up without material interval for the purpose of taking into custody any person wanted by virtue of a warrant.

REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 53. Auxiliary Functions – functions involving the logistical operations of the organization. maintenance. Staff or Administrative Functions – functions that are designed to support the line functions. quarter lesser 57. Primary or Line Functions – (defined in the above question) examples are patrol officers. 19 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . Examples are communication. arrest him for resistance of order d. operational units c. Examples are personnel. . half lesser d. planning. 183. Conducted by at least two (2) officers. Integrated National Police c. a. Philippine National Police Academy 56. records management. a. investigation. 55. Organic units that perform patrol operations. Operational Units – those that perform primary or line functions such as patrol. traffic enforcers and criminal investigators. Insular Police Force d. 54. What should be done if the external patting of the suspect’s clothing fails to disclose evidence of weapon? a. a. 3. . Manila Police Department b. procure a search warrant immediately b. finance. triple more b. the law which created the. a. release him It is a rule in “Pat-Down Search” that if the external patting of the suspect’s clothing fails to disclose evidence of a weapon. investigation and vice control. Functions that carry out the major purposes of organization. no further search may be made. delivering the services and dealing directly with the public. supplies and equipment management. service units ORGANIC UNITS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1. and training. major units b. Functional or Support Functions FUNCTIONS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1. administrative units d. Auxiliary Functions b. Staff or Administrative Functions d. traffic management and vice control. traffic management. Primary or Line Functions c. When driving with partner the driving officer must cover 100% of his vision in front and passenger officer must cover _______ than the former. twice more c. Act No. 2. force him to show his pocket c.

58. records management. finance. team of five (5) to ten (10) men is assigned according to concentration of crimes and citizens-calls for police assistance 60. Units – (defined above) 59. low level flexibility in decision making c. unified delivery of service b. Division – it is the primary subdivision of bureau. Example. a. Combined Investigation and Patrol Function – it is intended to unify the investigators and patrol officers to a more competent and cooperative approach to crime solving.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 2. 3. nuclei c. PNP under the DILG. planning. Functional groups within a section where further specialization is needed. 4. and training. Police Community Precinct 20 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . This is necessary for specialization. 1st digit of Patrol Beats refers to the numerical value assigned to. 3. a. . Unity of Supervision – (SUPRA) 2. and NBI under the DOJ. Low Level Flexibility in Decision Making – members are encouraged to share and exchange ideas and work together in solving problems within their area of responsibility. Section – functional unit within a particular division. In Team Policing. Example of which are personnel. In NCR. units d. a. and the like. bureaus FUNCTIONAL UNITS 1. 2. 4. Unified Delivery of Service – its importance is to develop every member on all skills rather than focusing on single skill only. Organizational feature of team policing which aims to encourage consistency and continuity of police policies and procedures and to provide greater uniformity in developing solutions to community problems. Administrative Units –those that perform administrative functions. divisions b. 3. unity of supervision ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURES OF TEAM POLICING 1. District c. combined investigation and patrol function d. . Bureau – largest functional organic unit within a large department. Service Units – those that perform auxiliary functions examples are communication.

PATROL BEATS IDENTIFICATION FOR REGIONS – identifiable by a seven (7) digit number. 3. 3rd Digit refers to a number assigned to a particular province within the region. and disseminate instruction/order. DEPLOYMENT PHASE 21 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 4. d. the Platoon Commanders shall conduct a short troop information and education. 6th and 7th Digits refer to the particular beat. Fourth and Fifth Digits refer to the number assigned to particular beat. 3. The Front Desk Officer shall then read their assigned line beats. e. 1st and 2nd Digits refer to number of region. b. if applicable. The Front Desk Officer shall make the report on the higher Headquarters on the dispatch of the patrollers. First Digit refers to the numerical value assigned to district. 2. 4. Platoon Commanders shall conduct inspection as to appearance and completeness of individual equipment. 4th Digit refers to a number assigned to municipality or city. He may. PRE-DEPLOYMENT PHASE a. 1. disseminate information / requirements that should be monitored during their patrol duty. After the inspection. Beat PATROL BEATS IDENTIFICATION FOR NCR – Identifiable by five (5) digit number 1. Second Digit refers to the number assigned to each of the municipality / city within the district.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION b. 5th Digit refers to the PCP’s. c. 5. The members of the patrol team shall form and assemble at the police unit Headquarters at least thirty (30) minutes before the start of their shift for their accounting. Municipality / City within the district d. THE OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES IN THE CONDUCT OF BEAT PATROL 1. 2. Third Digit refers to the number assigned to the particular PCP. 2.

Geographical Distribution – it involves weighing categories of incidents and accounting the number of identifiable hazards and street mileage. FACTORS AFFECTING THE EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION OF PATROL FORCES 1.  Crime Map – location or place. 2. 22 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . 3. While on patrol. Upon reaching the end of his line beat. patrol officers shall return to their Patrol Unit Headquarters and surrender the team equipments. or crime-prone areas wherein crime is frequently or often committed. d. Police Unit Commander shall collect the Daily Patrol Report and submit the same to the police Headquarters for consolidation and reference. Patrol officers shall turnover to the Front Desk Officer On-Duty all items confiscated / recovered during their patrol duty. b. POST DEPLOYMENT PHASE a. e. d. b.  Crime Clock – it signifies what crime is often or frequently committed. the patrol officer shall make a situation report before returning to their point of origin. patrol officers shall report to the desk officer and give the number and name of patrol members and their location. Their Platoon Commanders shall then properly dismiss them after conducting an accounting of personnel. They should familiarize how crimes are committed. They shall likewise give their situation report which shall be done on an hour basis. c. c. Patrol officers shall likewise accomplish the Daily Patrol Report before being released and discharged. All unusual incidents which came to their attention must be reported or recorded in the patrol sheet report. Upon arrival at their beats. Chronological Distribution – it involves consideration of the nature and causes of crime. when and who committed them. After the tour of duty. the patrol officers shall adopt the “buddy-buddy system” keeping in mind to make a patrol plan and follow the procedures.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION a.

Motor Patrol Distribution – involves determining the need to shift motor patrol units hour-by-hour at the area according to where and when crime most likely to occur. 4. Walking Beats – involves determining man hours needed to cover the streets and alleys to inspect the police hazards that would prevail within the AOR. 23 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations .REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION 3.

Command Responsibility b. the team leader of the arresting team. finance c. Chain of Command c. Buddy-Buddy System b. SPOIV Awayero. Counter-Clockwise Pattern 5. turned into a violent encounter. Deployment Phase d. a member of a group of gunmen. The arrest of X. Community Oriented Policing System d. Post-Deployment Phase b. Hermes System c.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION MOCK BOARD EXAMINATION LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION (LEA-III) POLICE PATROL OPERATIONS Instruction: ENCIRCLE the letter of the BEST answer ---------------------------------------------------------------1. by hook or by crook. The following are the functions of the administrative unit of the PNP. Straightway Pattern d. What principle of the organization was not carried out properly? a. one (1) is to seven (7) d. Half of the arresting team retreated. planning b. what is officer? is to twenty-one (21) is to twenty-eight (28) 4. arrest the members of the violent group. On what phase does the duty patrol officer accomplish his Daily Patrol Report? a. investigation 3. personnel d. Mission failed. Patrol pattern which is conducted not in random but with definite target location. Formation Phase 7. Unity of Command d. while the other half remained and died. Pre-Deployment Phase c. ordered to. one (1) is to four (4) c. Refers to the actual restraint of armed person or group following a high-risk stop. Clockwise Pattern c. Due to this. Simplicity 2. Two officers were shot by the armed group resulting to their instantaneous death. EXCEPT… a. However. What system should be adopted by the deployed officers in conducting patrol within their beats? a. a. Inspector Kalmado ordered retreat to avoid additional casualties. 24 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . another team leader of the arresting team and the father of the two officers who were shot. Freewheeling Pattern b. one (1) b. When it comes to speed in searching a capacity ratio between the dog-to-police a. Solar System 6. one (1) building.

criminal apprehension d. place. their superior officers c. . Risk d. a.REVIEW NOTES FOR CRIMINOLOGIST LICENSURE EXAMINATION a. a. . situation or condition which. their deed 25 | P a g e CHAPTER 4: (LEA – 3) Police Patrol Operations . In principle of Command Responsibility. thing. Threat b. Any person. all mistakes of subordinates are accountable to . arrest b. Police Hazard 9. high-risk arrest 8. their “buddies” b. if allowed to exist may induce an accident or cause the commission of crime. Hazard c. criminal arrest c. themselves d.