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KalimatAktif

Dalam kalimataktif, Sesuatu yang melakukan tindakan adalah subjek kalimat dan
sesuatu yang menerima tindakan adalah objek.Kebanyakan kalimat dalam bahasa
inggris merupakan kalmia taktif.

[Subject/Sesuatu yang melakukan tindakan] + [Verb/kata kerja] +


[Object/Sesuatu yang menerima tindakan]

Contoh : The teacher(Subject) teachs(Verb) the students(Object)

KalimatPasif
Dalam kalimat pasif, sesuatu yang menerima tindakan adalah subjek kalimat dan
sesuatu yang melakukan tindakan (bersifat opsional, dapat ditulis atau tidak) ditulis dekat
dengan akhir kalimat. Kita dapat menggunakan bentuk pasif jika kita berpikir bahwa sesuatu
yang menerima tindakan merukanan hal yang lebih penting atau harus ditekankan kepada
pendengar. Kita juga dapat menggunakan bentuk pasif jika kita tidak tahu siapa yang
melakukan tindakan atau jika kita tidak ingin menyebutkan siapa yang melakukan tindakan.
[Sesuatu yang menerima tindakan] + [be] + [past participle (verb 3) dari kata kerja] + [by]
+ [sesuatu yang melakukan tindakan]

Contoh :The students(Subject) are(be) taught(verb3) by the teacher.


1.

Simple Present Tense

Rumus Kalimat Aktif : Subject + Verb 1 + Object


Contoh : You play the very sweet music
Rumus Kalimat Pasif : Subject + Is/Im/Are + Verb 3 + .......
Contoh : The music is played very sweet.
2.

Simple Past Tense

Rumus kalimat Aktif : Subject + Verb 2 + Object

Contoh : You played the music very sweet


Rumus kalimat Pasif : Subject + was/were + Verb 3 + .......
Contoh : The music was played very sweet
3.

Present Continuous Tense

Rumus kalimat aKtif : Subject + Is/am/are + Verb-ing + Object


Contoh : You is playing the music very sweet
Rumus kalimat pasif : subject + is/im/are + being + verb 3 + ..............
Contoh : The music is being played Very sweet
4.

Past Continuous Tense

Rumus kalimat Aktif : Subject + was/were + Verb -ing+ Object


Contoh : You was playing the music very sweet
Rumus Kalimat pasif : Subject + was/were + being +Verb 3 + ...........
Contoh : You was being played very sweet
5.

Present Perfect Tense

Rumus kalimat Aktif : Subject + has/have + Verb 3 + Object


Contoh : You has played the music very sweet
Rumus kalimat Pasif : Subject + has/have + been + Verb 3 +
Contoh : You has been played music very sweet
6.

Past Perfect Tense

Rumus kalimat Aktif : Subject + had + Verb 3 + Object


Contoh : You had played the music very sweet
Rumus kalimatPasif : Subject + had + been + Verb3 +
Contoh : You had been played the music very sweet
7.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Rumus kalimat Aktif : Subject + has/have + been + Verb-ing + Object


Contoh : You has been playing the music very sweet
Rumus kalimat Pasif : Subject + has/been + being + Verb 3 + .....
Contoh : You has been being played the music very sweet
8.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Rumus kalimat Aktif : Subject + had + been + Verb-ing + Object


Contoh : You had been playing the music very sweet
Rumus kalimat Pasif : Subject + had + been + being + Verb 3 +
Contoh : You had been being played the music very sweet
9.

Simple Future Tense

Rumus kalimat Aktif : Subject + will/shall +Verb 1 + Object


Contoh : You will play the music very sweet
Rumus kalmia tpasif : Subject + will/shall + be + Verb 3 +
Contoh : You will be played the music very sweet
10. Past Future Tense
Rumus kalimat Aktif : Subject + would/should +Verb 1 + Object
Contoh : You would play the music very sweet
Rumus kalimat pasif : Subject + would/should + be + Verb 3 +
Contoh : You would be played the music very sweet
11. Future Perfect Tense
Rumus kalimat aktif : Subject + will/shall + have + Verb 3 + Object
Contoh : You will have played the music very sweet
Rumus kalimat pasif : Subject + will/shall + have + been + Verb 3 +
Contoh : You will have been played the music very sweet

AKTIF

PASIF

Dodo was asking me the question yesterday.

I was being asked the question by Dodo..

I was pulling the table yesterday at nine.

The table was being pulled by me yesterday at


nine.

My father was driving me to my school yesterday

I was being driven by my father to my school

in the morning.

yesterday in the morning.

They were playing the ball together at noon

The ball was being played by them together at

yesterday.

noon yesterday.

I was fixing her computer when she came.

Her computer was being fixed by me when she


came.

Denny was punching John right in his face when

John was being punched by Denny right in his

the teacher came.

face when the teacher came.

I had been being watching the show for 2 hours.

The show had been being watched by me for 2


hours.

We had been waiting for him for 4 hours when

He had been being waited for by us for 4 hours

he came.

when he came.

We had been studying English for 2 hours when

English language had been being studied by us

the bell rang.

for 2 hours when the bell rang.

Jane had been lifting the suitcase for 20 minutes

The suitcase had been being lifted by Jane for

before I took.

20 minutes before I took.

By the time the teacher came, they had been

By the time the teacher came, the book had

reading the book.

been being read by them.

They had been building the statue completely for

The statue had been being built completely for 3

3 years before it ruined.

years before it ruined.

I had informed him the news before he went.

He had been informed the news by me before he


went.

They had won the race after had hard work.

The race had been won by us after had hard


work.

I had worried about my brother after he had

My brother had been worried by me after he had

gone.

gone.

I had written the letter to my village before I had

The letter had been written by me to my village

come.

before I had come.

We watched the Jurasic Park Movie on the

The Jurasic Park Movie was watched by us

cinema yesterday.

yesterday.

Andri picked up Santi in her house at 19 oclock

Santi was picked up by Andri in her house at 19

last night.

oclock last night.

The governor built that monument year ago.

That monument was built by governor year ago.

He studied Mathematic yesterday.

The mathematic is studied by him yesterday.

He buys a bag today

A bag bought by him today

she bought 2 kilograms of apples

2 kilograms of apples were bought by her

people didn't use this road every often

this road is didn't use very often by people

some accused me of taking his cell phone


our soccer team won the match

his cell phone is accused by me of taking to


somebody
the match is won by us soccer team

the police caught the pick pocket in the


market
mr. benny taught english

the pick pocket in the market is caught by


the office
english was taught by mr.benny

berlian found his wallet

his wallet was found by berlian

tom an max ate five hamburgers

five hamburgers were ate by them