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IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME

PV global utility business
models and trends

Pius Huesser
IEA PVPS Task 1 Switzerland
Director Nova Energie GmbH
Vice Chairman Swiss Solar Professional Association

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME The old utility world • Central production • One way transmission to customers • Load control by some simple communication means .

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME The old utility world • Monopoly • Average selling price covers investment independent of usefulness and risks • Production was close to federal and regional governments (or was owned by the government) .

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Next step: Market liberalization Stock market for electricity: Investment in new production capacity becomes riskier. Transmission lines as bottleneck .

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME The future Customer’s added value: • Producer • Storage provider • Increase in energy demand • Dispatchable loads also for residential houses .

Author Lena Hansen.IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Example New York The state of New York set up working groups to design the future of the electricity and energy services: «Reforming the energy vision REV». Rocky mountain institute . Colorado 21st April 2015. The following 2 slides are from the PVPS Workshop “Electricity Systems of the Future” held in Golden.

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME .

embrace the changes that are shaking the traditional system and turn them to New York’s economic and environmental advantage. and this Commission. relying on protective tariffs. and other defenses against innovation.IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Example New York REV Regulatory Policy Order “Utilities. and market models that create new value for consumers and support market entrants and this new form of intermodal competition—in other words.” . regulatory delay. Alternatively. We decisively take the latter approach. utility. could respond to [the challenges facing the industry] by clinging to the traditional business model for as long as possible. we can identify and build regulatory.

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Press comment: • In one of the most promising moves in the energy sector in years. and perhaps help lead. 2014 . a revolution in the world of electricity generation May 12th. New York State is proposing a way to get a head start on.

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Threads for utilities .

the grid can become optional in certain areas of this world Average electricity price in Hawaii: 35 – 47 UScents/kWh .IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Grid defection With lower costs for PV and storage.

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Opportunities: Swiss case • Average electricity consumption of a household: 4000 – 6000 kWh/a • Grid connection: 3 phase 400 V. 25 or 40 A -> 17 to 27 kW .

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME Change of heating system • Before: 1500 Liters of Oil • New: 5000 kWh/a of electricity .

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME New PV System • 7 kWp • 7000 kWh/year • 70% in Summer .

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME New mobility standards • 15 000 km/a • 20 kWh/100km • 3000 kWh/a for 1 Tesla • (+ 100 kWh/a for an E-Bike) .

7000 kWh/a + 3000 kWh/a 6000 kWh/a from Grid • Self consumption of PV: max.IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME The future Prosumer • • • • • Before: Heat Pump: PV System: EV (Tesla): Total: 5000 kWh/a +5000 kWh/a . 5000 kWh/a .

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME The new utility/DSO Service provider for prosumers: • Installer for PV systems • Extended metering services (Smart Meters/load management) • Managing the electricity flow at their customers premises • Maintaining the PV systems • …… .

IEA INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAMME The are many more opportunities in the new electricity markets Thank you for your attention .