CORPORATE STANDARDS

GLOBAL ENGINEERING
RECOMMENDED PRACTICE

SUBJECT: Battery Conditioning for Cold Start / Cold Cranking Tests
1. Introduction
1.1 Objective
It is intended to provide a recommended practice delineating a standard means for conditioning batteries for
component and machine cold temperature tests performed after the issue date on this document.

1.2 Scope
This recommended practice applies to all cold start and cold cranking tests performed on AGCO products.

2. Procedures
2.1 General
The battery(s) shall be conditioned at normal room temperature (15 to 25º C [59 to 77º F]).
A “conditioned” battery must be used for testing within 24 hours of being conditioned.

2.2 Charging Conditions
2.2.1 Charged to 100%
To prepare the battery(s) to 100% fully charged condition, complete a) through c) as follows:
a) Charge the battery(s) for at least 24 hours @ 5% of capacity (e.g. for a 70 Ah. Battery - charge for 24
hours @ 3.5 Amps).
b) Discharge the battery(s) at 5% of capacity down to a voltage of 10.5 (e.g. for a 70 Ah battery
discharge @ 3.5 Amps).
c) Repeat the above steps (a) and (b) for 3 further charge / discharge cycles ensuring that each time the
battery is fully charged.
2.2.2 Charged to 80%
To prepare the battery(s) to 80% of fully charged condition, complete Section 2.2.1 and one of the following
alternatives:
2.2.2.1 Discharge the battery @ 5% of capacity so that 20% of charge is used up (e.g. For a 70 Ah battery,
14 Ah of the battery's capacity must be "used up"). Discharge the battery @ 3.5 Amps for 4 hours.

ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE

7 February 2006

RE-ISSUE DATE

REVISION

NUMBER

PAGE

1

GE10700001

1 OF 4

Battery Conditioning for Cold Start / Cold Cranking Tests

© AGCO Corporation 2005. Copyright in this document belongs to AGCO Corporation. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any
material form without the written permission of the copyright owner. Uncontrolled copy – latest revision only on-line @ myAGCO.com.
CONFIDENTIAL DOCUMENT Printed 23-Jan-15 valid for 1 day

Copyright in this document belongs to AGCO Corporation. 12-70/L3 AGCO 13.2.60 11.20 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Discharge (%) ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE 7 February 2006 RE-ISSUE DATE REVISION NUMBER PAGE 1 GE10700001 2 OF 4 Battery Conditioning for Cold Start / Cold Cranking Tests © AGCO Corporation 2005.2 Use the battery manufacturer’s battery charge capacity versus open circuit voltage data.com. care shall be exercised to ensure that the discharge current does not exceed 5% of capacity (e.60 UOT (V) 12.5 Amps). Uncontrolled copy – latest revision only on-line @ myAGCO. If discharging using this or similar data. Two typical battery manufacturers discharge graphs. It is important to use the correct data for the particular battery(ies) under test.2. 2. a variable resistance) to maintain a constant discharge current.80 12. in practice.g. CONFIDENTIAL DOCUMENT Printed 23-Jan-15 valid for 1 day . the discharge current will vary as the battery voltage falls. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form without the written permission of the copyright owner. are shown below. Other battery types or different manufacturers’ data may or will be different.20 12.00 12. in this case for TAB L3 and L5 batteries.g.CORPORATE STANDARDS GLOBAL ENGINEERING RECOMMENDED PRACTICE However. for a 70 Ah battery the maximum discharge current shall not exceed 3. It will be necessary to have some means of adjusting the discharge load (e.40 12.80 11.40 11.00 11.

20 12.2. It may be that the open circuit voltage is higher than first thought and a further period of discharge may be necessary.80 12. the discharge load shall be removed.2.40 12. ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE 7 February 2006 RE-ISSUE DATE REVISION NUMBER PAGE 1 GE10700001 3 OF 4 Battery Conditioning for Cold Start / Cold Cranking Tests © AGCO Corporation 2005.1 Battery Ready Status When it is considered that the desired open circuit voltage has been achieved which coincides with the required battery capacity.20 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Discharge (%) 2. Copyright in this document belongs to AGCO Corporation.00 11.60 11.40 11.com.CORPORATE STANDARDS GLOBAL ENGINEERING RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 12-105/L5 AGCO 13.2. CONFIDENTIAL DOCUMENT Printed 23-Jan-15 valid for 1 day .80 11. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form without the written permission of the copyright owner. Again the battery shall have the discharge load removed and the open circuit voltage checked after a further 24 hour time period. The battery shall be left for a further 24 hour period and the open circuit voltage rechecked. Uncontrolled copy – latest revision only on-line @ myAGCO.60 UOT (V) 12.00 12.

CORPORATE STANDARDS GLOBAL ENGINEERING RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 3.com. along with other affected departments and functions. CHANGE DATE REVISED BY CHANGE DESCRIPTION 1 7-Feb-2006 GARY MARCHI INITIAL RELEASE DOCUMENT OWNERSHIP DATE OWNED BY / SITE AUTHOR 7-Feb-05 Global Components Engineering / Hesston Dave Parnell 4. for the document approval procedure. Copyright in this document belongs to AGCO Corporation. Uncontrolled copy – latest revision only on-line @ myAGCO. Refer to GOP0010002. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form without the written permission of the copyright owner. Revision History DOCUMENT CHANGE CONTROL REV. ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE 7 February 2006 RE-ISSUE DATE REVISION NUMBER PAGE 1 GE10700001 4 OF 4 Battery Conditioning for Cold Start / Cold Cranking Tests © AGCO Corporation 2005. Creation and Approval of Global Documents. CONFIDENTIAL DOCUMENT Printed 23-Jan-15 valid for 1 day . Leadership / Approvers Document approvals shall be solicited from the Senior Vice-President of Engineering and his direct reports. as he directs.