CORPORATE STANDARDS

GLOBAL ENGINEERING
RECOMMENDED PRACTICE

SUBJECT: Battery Conditioning for Cold Start / Cold Cranking Tests
1. Introduction
1.1 Objective
It is intended to provide a recommended practice delineating a standard means for conditioning batteries for
component and machine cold temperature tests performed after the issue date on this document.

1.2 Scope
This recommended practice applies to all cold start and cold cranking tests performed on AGCO products.

2. Procedures
2.1 General
The battery(s) shall be conditioned at normal room temperature (15 to 25º C [59 to 77º F]).
A “conditioned” battery must be used for testing within 24 hours of being conditioned.

2.2 Charging Conditions
2.2.1 Charged to 100%
To prepare the battery(s) to 100% fully charged condition, complete a) through c) as follows:
a) Charge the battery(s) for at least 24 hours @ 5% of capacity (e.g. for a 70 Ah. Battery - charge for 24
hours @ 3.5 Amps).
b) Discharge the battery(s) at 5% of capacity down to a voltage of 10.5 (e.g. for a 70 Ah battery
discharge @ 3.5 Amps).
c) Repeat the above steps (a) and (b) for 3 further charge / discharge cycles ensuring that each time the
battery is fully charged.
2.2.2 Charged to 80%
To prepare the battery(s) to 80% of fully charged condition, complete Section 2.2.1 and one of the following
alternatives:
2.2.2.1 Discharge the battery @ 5% of capacity so that 20% of charge is used up (e.g. For a 70 Ah battery,
14 Ah of the battery's capacity must be "used up"). Discharge the battery @ 3.5 Amps for 4 hours.

ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE

7 February 2006

RE-ISSUE DATE

REVISION

NUMBER

PAGE

1

GE10700001

1 OF 4

Battery Conditioning for Cold Start / Cold Cranking Tests

© AGCO Corporation 2005. Copyright in this document belongs to AGCO Corporation. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any
material form without the written permission of the copyright owner. Uncontrolled copy – latest revision only on-line @ myAGCO.com.
CONFIDENTIAL DOCUMENT Printed 23-Jan-15 valid for 1 day

12-70/L3 AGCO 13. in this case for TAB L3 and L5 batteries. If discharging using this or similar data. for a 70 Ah battery the maximum discharge current shall not exceed 3. Other battery types or different manufacturers’ data may or will be different.60 11.20 12. the discharge current will vary as the battery voltage falls. Two typical battery manufacturers discharge graphs.CORPORATE STANDARDS GLOBAL ENGINEERING RECOMMENDED PRACTICE However.80 12.5 Amps).com.2 Use the battery manufacturer’s battery charge capacity versus open circuit voltage data. are shown below. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form without the written permission of the copyright owner.g. Uncontrolled copy – latest revision only on-line @ myAGCO. 2. CONFIDENTIAL DOCUMENT Printed 23-Jan-15 valid for 1 day . It is important to use the correct data for the particular battery(ies) under test. in practice.80 11.60 UOT (V) 12. Copyright in this document belongs to AGCO Corporation.2.40 11. a variable resistance) to maintain a constant discharge current.20 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Discharge (%) ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE 7 February 2006 RE-ISSUE DATE REVISION NUMBER PAGE 1 GE10700001 2 OF 4 Battery Conditioning for Cold Start / Cold Cranking Tests © AGCO Corporation 2005. care shall be exercised to ensure that the discharge current does not exceed 5% of capacity (e.00 12.g. It will be necessary to have some means of adjusting the discharge load (e.2.40 12.00 11.

ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE 7 February 2006 RE-ISSUE DATE REVISION NUMBER PAGE 1 GE10700001 3 OF 4 Battery Conditioning for Cold Start / Cold Cranking Tests © AGCO Corporation 2005. the discharge load shall be removed.1 Battery Ready Status When it is considered that the desired open circuit voltage has been achieved which coincides with the required battery capacity.2.40 11.80 11. CONFIDENTIAL DOCUMENT Printed 23-Jan-15 valid for 1 day .com.2. Copyright in this document belongs to AGCO Corporation. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form without the written permission of the copyright owner. Again the battery shall have the discharge load removed and the open circuit voltage checked after a further 24 hour time period.40 12.80 12.60 UOT (V) 12. Uncontrolled copy – latest revision only on-line @ myAGCO.2. The battery shall be left for a further 24 hour period and the open circuit voltage rechecked.20 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Discharge (%) 2.20 12.60 11. It may be that the open circuit voltage is higher than first thought and a further period of discharge may be necessary.00 11.CORPORATE STANDARDS GLOBAL ENGINEERING RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 12-105/L5 AGCO 13.00 12.

Creation and Approval of Global Documents. as he directs. Leadership / Approvers Document approvals shall be solicited from the Senior Vice-President of Engineering and his direct reports.com. Revision History DOCUMENT CHANGE CONTROL REV. Refer to GOP0010002.CORPORATE STANDARDS GLOBAL ENGINEERING RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 3. along with other affected departments and functions. for the document approval procedure. Uncontrolled copy – latest revision only on-line @ myAGCO. CHANGE DATE REVISED BY CHANGE DESCRIPTION 1 7-Feb-2006 GARY MARCHI INITIAL RELEASE DOCUMENT OWNERSHIP DATE OWNED BY / SITE AUTHOR 7-Feb-05 Global Components Engineering / Hesston Dave Parnell 4. Copyright in this document belongs to AGCO Corporation. CONFIDENTIAL DOCUMENT Printed 23-Jan-15 valid for 1 day . ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE 7 February 2006 RE-ISSUE DATE REVISION NUMBER PAGE 1 GE10700001 4 OF 4 Battery Conditioning for Cold Start / Cold Cranking Tests © AGCO Corporation 2005. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form without the written permission of the copyright owner.