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ACI 318-14:

Reorganized for Design


Chapter 13 - Foundations

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Foundations
Chapter sub-headings

13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4

Scope
General
Shallow foundations
Deep foundations

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13.1Scope
13.2General
13.3Shallowfoundations
13.4Deepfoundations

Scope of foundations
Shallow foundations

Strip
Isolated
Combined
Mat
Walls as grade beams

Deep foundations
Pile caps & piles
Drilled piers & caissons

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13.1Scope
13.2General
13.3Shallowfoundations
13.4Deepfoundations

Critical sections

Location of Mu per Table 13.2.7.1


Location of Vu measure from location for Mu
in Table 13.2.7.1
Circular and regular polygon sections
treated as square members
t
Column,wall,or
pedestal
d
d/2

Moment
Twowayshear

Oneway
shear

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Columnw/steel
baseplate
d
d/2

CMUwall
t/4
d
d/2

Moment
Moment
Oneway
Twowayshear
Twowayshear
shear
Criticalsectionlocations

Oneway
shear

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13.1Scope
13.2General
13.3Shallowfoundations
13.4Deepfoundations

Shallow foundations
One-way shallow foundation
Ch. 7 & 9
Two-way isolated footings
Ch. 7 & 8
Square and rectangular
Banded reinforcement

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13.1Scope
13.2General
13.3Shallowfoundations
13.4Deepfoundations

Banded reinforcement
Section 13.3.3.3(b)
s = 2/(+1)
= long/short

short

sAs

0.5(1s)As,
As,min maycontrol

short

Foundationplanview
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13.1Scope
13.2General
13.3Shallowfoundations
13.4Deepfoundations

Pile caps
Minimum d = 12 in.
Design forces based
on forces at centers of
piles
Unless design by strutand-tie:
One-way shear 22.5
Two-way shear 22.6

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13.1Scope
13.2General
13.3Shallowfoundations
13.4Deepfoundations

Shear contribution from piles

Criticalsection
forshear

dord/2

dpile

V=entirereaction
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Criticalsection
forshear

dord/2

dpile

V=0
8

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Note:SeeCRSI
Handbook(1984)for
upperlimitonVn at
faceofcolumn.

Chapter 18 Earthquake resistant structures


OrdinarySystems
(Min.forSDCB)

Beams
Columns

IntermediateSystems
(Min.forSDCC)

Beams
Columns
Twowayslabs
Precaststructural
walls

SpecialSystems
(SDCD,E,F)

Beams
Columns
Beamcolumnjoints
Momentframes
usingprecast
concrete
Diaphragms
Membersnotpart
ofseismicforce
resistingsystem
Structuralwalls
Foundations

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Seismic requirements for foundations


Footings, mats, and pile caps 18.13.2

Develop column and wall bars in tension


Hooked column bars turned toward center
Continue transverse reinforcement
Add top reinf. for uplift
Columnorboundaryelement
Topreinf.required
foruplift

w/infoundationdepth

Transversereinf.
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Hooksinward
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Grade beams and slabs-on-ground 18.13.3


For grade beams acting as horizontal ties
Anchor tie bars in column or foundation
Least dimension of n/20 but need not exceed 18
in.
Closed ties at smaller of beam dimension and
12 in.

Grade beams resisting flexure from columns


detailed as beams 18.6
Slabs acting as diaphragms 18.12

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Piles, piers, and caissons 18.13.4


Transverse reinforcement
required for:
5dpile from top, not less
than 6 ft below bottom of
pile cap
Where not laterally
supported

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Pilecap

6ft

5dpile

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ACI 318-14:
Reorganized for Design
Chapter 14 - Plain Concrete

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13

14.1Scope
14.2General
14.3Designlimits
14.4Requiredstrength
14.5Designstrength
14.6Reinforcementdetailing

Plain concrete
Chapter sub-headings

14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
14.5
14.6

Scope
General
Design limits
Required strength
Design strength
Reinforcing detailing

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14.1Scope
14.2General
14.3Designlimits
14.4Requiredstrength
14.5Designstrength
14.6Reinforcementdetailing

Scope of plain concrete


Members in building and
non-building structures
Permitted only in:
Continuously supported
members
Members where arch action
provides compression in all
loading conditions
Walls
Pedestals
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14.1Scope
14.2General
14.3Designlimits
14.4Requiredstrength
14.5Designstrength
14.6Reinforcementdetailing

Scope of plain concrete


Chapter does not govern:
Cast-in-place piles
Piers

Specifically not permitted for:


Columns
Pile caps

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14.1Scope
14.2General
14.3Designlimits
14.4Requiredstrength
14.5Designstrength
14.6Reinforcementdetailing

Plain concrete axial strength


318-11

318-14

*
17

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14.1Scope
14.2General
14.3Designlimits
14.4Requiredstrength
14.5Designstrength
14.6Reinforcementdetailing

At window and door openings


At least two No. 5 bars
Extend 24 in. beyond corners

2No.5bars

24in.
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