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The high frequency induction motor model is simplified by ac motor high frequency model is

developed and calculating overvoltage [5][8]. The accurate motor modeling in induction motor is the
important role and investigating the motor over voltage.In the high frequency model C G is the
winding-ground capacitance, RG winding to ground resistance RT is turn to twin resistance LT is twin
to turn inductance CT is the turn to turn capacitance.RP is the parallel resistance.
3.Experimental Setup

Motor
Load
Voltage measurement

Motor
Cable

4(a), 4(b) Experimental setup


The experimental setup fig 4(a)and 4(b)were constructed on a 5HP/3.7KW/1440RPM/3

Fig. 2. Three phase rectifier inverter simulink model

(Crompton greaves make) running with 4KW/3

AC drives (Schneider make) -100mts 2.5sq mm

cable with three phase induction motor connected and run with different load current. The waveform
are measured in the input and output of the ASD drive, motor input terminal with various load current.
The reflected voltage and current are measure in the cable end with different load.
4.Inverter Fed Induction Motor Drive Simulation Model
Typical Motor drive consists of the following blocks

4.1. Rectifier section& Inverter section


4.2. Power cable model
4.3. Induction motor model
4.1 Rectifier andInverter section
Rectifier section:
In a diode three-phase bridge rectifier are two diodes conduct at a time. So, the current path through the
rectifier bridge shifts six times during a cycle in a six pulse diode rectifier, discontinuities and harmonic
current are present in the AC and DC sides. currents waveforms in the diode rectifier are more distorted..
The use of a inductance in the DC link is suggested in order to provide filtering of the rectifier output current.
The cable series inductance, along with that of the AC supply system, also plays an vital role in the harmonic
current filtering. The performance sequence will be analyzed , using the simulated results obtained from the
the proposed system
Inverter section:
The DC link is consisted of two components: i) a DC link current responsible for the average transmitted
power at the load and ii) a switching frequencydue to the operation of the PWM . When the PWM signal is
positive, the upper side inverter switch (Q1,Q3,Q5) is on and, during in this time period, the phase current is
drawn from the DC link bus through the active device if it is +ve or returns to the DC link bus through the
freewheeling diode if it is -ve. If the bottom side switch (Q2,Q4,Q6) on, the current flows contrarily from
what was defined above, being injected to the DC link through the anti-parallel diode if it is +ve or drawn
from the DC bus by the active device if it is -ve. The inverter input current is equal to the sum of the currents
entering the three legs of the inverter. And the current depends on the switching action , which gives the
correlation with the PWM signal and harmonic current, being thus the input inverter harmonic current
frequencies multiple value of the PWM switching frequency switching frequency component and the load
current fundamental component,originally presented in [17].The harmonic currents not to be transmit power
to the load end, but generate losses in the DC link cable. to overcome this problem is to place the DC a
capacitor bank are connected across the inverter terminals, providing a low impedance path for the highfrequency currents and avoiding their circulating current through the cable

3.3 Power cable model

Cable 1
1

In the power cable model implements three single phase cables are modeled by an 6-conductor (L)
PI section. Each cable consists of an inner phase inductance (L), capacitance(C) and conductance
(g) an outer screen
conductance
(S).
Phase-to-screen
and
screentoRin

3
Cable 2

5
Cable 3

R out

R scr in

l1

R scr out

screen 1

Y in

Y scr in

l3

Y scr out

screen 2
B in

6
screen 3

screen 1

l2

Y out

10

screen 2

l4

B out

l5
B scr in

12

B scr out

Cable 2

11
Cable 3

screen 3

l6

Subsystem

Cable 1

c7
c8

c1
c2

c9

c3
c12c11
c4

c5

c10

c6

ground capacitances of each single cable are modeled at both ends of the PI section capacitances
phase to ground,bus Voltage regulator
3.4 Induction motor model
A three-phase 5Hp, 415V, 50Hz asynchronous machine (wound rotor, squirrel cage or double squirrel
cage) modeledIn dq reference frame the stator and rotor winding are star connection to an internal
natural point in the simulationresult the stator resistance, inductance, rotor resistance, inductance
mutual inductance are considered

Induction motor parameters

Symbo
l

Rated value

INPUT THREE PHASE VOLTAGE

500

RECTIFIER OUTPUT VOLTAGE

1100

V o lta g e in v o lts

V o lta g e in v o lts

1200

1000

800
700

-500
0

0.1

0.2

Time in ms

0.3

0.4

0.5

600
0

Fig. 7(a). Three phase input voltage

Hp

5kw

Vi

415v

0.258H

Lr

0.274H

Stator leakage inductance

Ls

0.274H

Stator resistance

Rs

485

Rr

3805

50HZ

0.31 Kg.m2

2 poles

Kf

0.001136 N.m.s/rad

Mutual inductance

MOTOR REFLECTED VOLTAGE

0.3

0.4

Fig. 8(b).Measured Inverter output voltage

Leakage of rotor inductance

100

Time in ms

3 phase

Supply voltage

200

0.2

Rated power

300

0.1

Fig. 7(b).Rectifier output voltage

No of phase

V o lta g e in v o lts

900

-100

Rotor resistance

-200
-300
0

0.1

0.2

Time in ms

0.3

0.4

Fig. 9(a).Reflected
Frequencyvoltage at the Motor terminal

Voltage in volts

400

-200
-400

Fig.9(b).Measured voltage at the motor terminals

MOTOR TERMINAL VOLTAGE

Moment of inertia

200
0

0.5

Number of pair of poles


Coefficient of friction

-600
0.557 0.558 0.559

0.56

0.561 0.562 0.563 0.564 0.565 0.566


Time in ms

Fig. 10(a). Motor terminal (line to line) voltage

1. Simulation Result And Discussion

0.5

SCREEN INPUT VOLTAGE

V o lta g e in v o lt s

C u r re n t in M illia m p s

10

SCREEN INPUT CURRENT

400
200

-5

-10
0.5

-200
-400
0

0.5

1
Time in ms

1.5

Time in ms

1.5

Fig. 11(b). Cable screen input voltage

Fig. 11(a). Cable screen input current


V o ltta g e in v o lts

C u rre n t in M illia m p s

10

200
100
0

5
0
-5

-100

-10

-200

-15
0

-300
0

0.5

1
Time in ms

SCREEN OUTPUT VOLTAGE

15

SCREEN OUTPUT CURRENT

300

1.5

0.5

1
Time in ms

1.5

Fig. 12(b). Cable screen output voltage

Fig. 12(a).cable screen output current

the MATLAB SIMULINK designed for the three phase high frequency cable, rectifier and inverter,
induction motor model is shown in the fig(3) In the inverter model used PWM technique and IGBT solid
state switch in this model a new power cable model is defined and connected between inverter and motor
of 5HP 415V 50HZ the pulse voltage is applied to the motor through power cable and the result
waveform are carried out different terminal of the Simulink model.In this simulation result is observed
and compared with measured result fig (7a) shows the three phase input voltage fig(7b) shows the
rectifier output voltage. fig(8a) and (8b) shows the simulated inverter output voltage and measured
inverter output voltage. fig(9a) and (9b) shows the voltage ranging that occurs near the motor terminal.
The cable length will be increased. The value of overshoot at the motor terminal will be increases. The
overshoot voltage to be occur depends on the cable the cable length less than 50 feet the overshoot
voltage reach two times. Very long cable more than 300feet the overshoot does not quikly decays..

Fig(10a) and (10b) shows the simulated and measured line to line voltage motor terminal fig11a and 11b
shows cable screen input current and input voltage respectively.fig (12a) and (12b) shows the cable
screen input and output . The measured and simulated voltage at the motor terminal are nearly equal to
double the DC link voltage Input. The MATLAB simulation and experimental results are analyzed and
studied with the power cable long fed induction motor drive system.
2. Conclusion

Fig. 10(b). Measured voltage at the motor terminals

In this research paper has presented an efficient methodology for power cable long fed induction motor drive
system to predict the transient reflected overvoltage at the motor end terminals.A mathematical equations
were developed to derive the incident, reflected voltage and current phenomenon and also derive the

reflection coefficient, reflection losses.T he adjustable speed drives(ASD) wherein switching pulse

duration to be used for the reflected overvoltage which is due to the impedance mismatch between
the cable and the motor load . The MATLAB Simulink power cable ASD induction motor drive systems
successfully measures the voltage current waveform of the various stages in the simulink model.And
alsomeasure the power cable screen input and output voltage magnitude due to magnetic coupling and
capacitance effect between screen and cable conductor. In this simulation result verified experimentally at
the motor input terminal the measured voltage must be equal to double the DC link voltage.The impedance

responses of the cable to be reproduced and the overvoltage at the motor terminals in a long-cable
PWM drive to be predicted. The comparisons with other high frequency cable models, presented in
technical literature, confirms the goodness of the proposed method.