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Reservoir Fluid Study

for
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116

The analyses, opinions or interpretations in this report are based on observations and material supplied
by the client to whom, and for whose exclusive and confidential use, this report is made. The
interpretations or opinions expressed represent the best judgement of Core Laboratories Venezuela,
S.A. (all errors and omissions excepted); but Core Laboratories Venezuela, S.A. and its officers and
employees assume no responsibility and make no warranty or representations as to the productivity,
proper operation or profitability of any oil, gas or any other mineral well formation in connection with
which such report is used or relied upon.

Core Laboratories
Cra 39 Nro. 168-52, Bogot, Colombia
Tel: +57 (1) 6740400 Fax: +57 (1) 6730060 Web: http://www.corelab.com

Core Laboratories
Cra. 39 Nro. 168-52
Bogot, Colombia
Tel: 57 1 6740400
Web: http://www.corelab.com

October 16th, 2006

Occidental de Colombia.
Bogota, Colombia.
Attention : Eng. Aldo Caliz
Subject:
Well:
Formation:
Interval:
File:

Reservoir Fluid Study


Cao Rondon-1
Mirador / K2A1
9,760'-10,378'
0603116

Dear Sirs.:
Two bottomhole samples and two wellhead samples from the subject well were collected on
July 11th and July 12th of 2006 by Core Laboratories representatives and delivered to our
fluid laboratory in Bogot for use in the performance of a Reservoir Fluid Study. The
samples were transported to the laboratory whereupon sample validation and analysis
commenced.
Preliminary results were reported during the execution of the study and the final report is
presented in the following pages.
It has been a pleasure to perform this study for Occidental de Colombia. Should any
questions arise or if we may be of further service in any way, please do not hesitate to
contact us.
Sincerely,
CORE LABORATORIES VENEZUELA, S.A.

David McEvoy
Manager
Reservoir Fluids Laboratory

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________
Table of Contents
Section A - Summary of PVT Methods and Data

Page

Summary of analysis methods........................................................................................

A.1-A.3

Summary of PVT data.....................................................................................................

A.4

Section B - Summary of Samples Received and Validation Data


Well information...............................................................................................................

B.1

Summary of samples received .......................................................................................

B.2

Section C - Compositional Analysis of Wellhead Fluid Sample to C36+


Compositional analysis of wellhead fluid sample to C36+...............................................

C.1-C.2

Section D - Constant Composition Expansion


Constant composition expansion at 238 F.....................................................................

D.1-D.2

Graphs from constant composition expansion at 238 F................................................

D.3

Partial constant composition expansion at 120 F..........................................................

D.4-D.5

Partial constant composition expansion at 86 F............................................................

D.6-D.7

Partial constant composition expansion at laboratory ambient temperature (68 F).......

D.8-D.9

Section E - Differential Vaporization


Differential vaporization data...........................................................................................

E.1

Graphs from differential vaporization data.......................................................................

E.2

Compositional Analysis of Differential Vaporization Gases to C11+...............................

E.3

Compositional Analysis of Differential Vaporization Residue to C36+............................

E.4-E.5

Differential vaporization data converted to surface separator conditions........................

E.6-E.7

Section F - Wellhead Fluid Viscosity Data


Wellhead fluid viscosity data...........................................................................................

F.1

Graphs from wellhead fluid viscosity data.......................................................................

F.2

Section G - Separator Test Data


Separator test 1...............................................................................................................

G.1

Compositional analysis of gas sample from separator test 1..........................................

G.2

Separator test 2...............................................................................................................

G.3

Compositional analysis of gas sample from separator test 2..........................................

G.4

Section H - Appendix
Data used in gas compositional calculations...................................................................

H.1

Data used in liquid compositional calculations................................................................

H.2

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section A - Summary of PVT Analysis Methods and Data

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Summary of Analysis Methods

Sample Validation
The bubble point pressure at ambient temperature and free water content of each wellhead sample
were determined as initial quality checks. From this quality control, the measured bubble point
pressures of the samples showed good agreement with one another and very little free water was
measured.
Heat Treatment
The selected wellhead fluid sample was heated to 200F prior to subsampling for laboratory tests to
avoid potential wax deposition problems.
Pressurized Fluid Composition
Approximately 30 cc of pressurized fluid was flashed to atmospheric pressure at 120 F and
separated into gas and oil phase. The evolved gas and residual liquid were analyzed separately,
using gas-liquid chromatography and recombined on a weight basis to produce a C36+ weight
percent composition.
Gas Compositions
Gas composition were measured using a "one shot" Varian 3800 gas analyzer using GPA 2286
method. The gas chromatograph utilizes 3 columns to clearly identify all of the eluted components
from N2, CO2 and C1 through C11+.
The chromatograph is calibrated weekly using air and synthetic hydrocarbon gas with a known
composition. The resultant calibration data is checked statistically against previous calibrations
prior to performing analyses on unknown samples.
Liquid Composition
Residual/stocktank liquid composition were measured using a Varian 3400 chromatograph. The
gas chromatograph utilizes a cold on column, "sandwich injection" technique to ensure that a
representative sample is injected and swept onto the column. The sample is run twice; first the
original fluid and then fluid spiked with n-tetradecane. This allows the laboratory to take into
account any heavy end (C36+) losses that may have occurred during the chromatographic run, and
make an accurate correction prior to reporting the liquid composition. The data obtained from the
gas chromatograph is in weight %. Calculations to mole% and the plus fractions properties are
described later.
The chromatograph for liquid samples is checked daily, using a gravimetric n-paraffin mix
containing a range of pure components from C8 through C36 and a synthetic gas-oil mix (D2887)
with known composition. The resultant calibration data is checked statistically against previous
calibrations prior to performing analyses on unknown samples.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
A.1
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Summary of Analysis Methods (Continuation)

Calculation of Mole% Compositions and Plus Fraction Properties


The residue or stocktank liquid whole sample molecular weight and density are measured using a
cryscope and a PAAR densitometer respectively.
The mole% data is calculated using GPSA mole weight and density data, where individual
components are identified, from carbon dioxide through decanes. Katz and Firoozabadi data are
used from undecanes through pentatriacontanes. The residue mole weight and density values are
calculated so that the pseudo average mole weight and density are the same as the measured
values. This can lead to anomalous residue mole weights and densities where the Katz and
Firoozabadi values may not be suitable for the isomer groups detected.
Other alternatives are to use an assumed C36+ molecular weight and density value, use a linear
extrapolation technique for components from C10 to C35 to calculate the C36+ properties or to
utilise distillation analysis to produce a C11+, C20+ or C36+ residual oil fraction and physically
measure the molecular weight and density.
Constant Composition Expansion
A portion of the wellhead fluid sample was charged to a high pressure visual cell at ambient
laboratory temperature . A partial constant composition expansion was carried out during which
the bubble point pressure at ambient temperature was determined. This process was repeated for
temperatures of 86F and 120F and finally the sample was thermally expanded to the reservoir
temperature for the complete constant composition expansion test. Pressure-volume data for the
single phase and two phase fluid were also determined. The density of the single phase fluid was
determined by weighing measured volumes pumped from the cell at 5000 psig. Density data for
other pressures were calculated using the volumetric data.
Differential Vaporization
This was carried out in a high pressure visual cell, at reservoir temperature. At several pressure
stages below the observed saturation pressure, the sample was stabilized. The gases evolved
were then pumped out of the cell and its volume, compressibility and gravities were determined.
The final stage was carried out at atmospheric pressure when the residual liquid was pumped out of
the cell and its volume, density and molecular weight were measured.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
A.2
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Summary of Analysis Methods (Continuation)

Reservoir Fluid Viscosity


Live-oil viscosity was measured in an electromagnetic viscometer at reservoir temperature.
Viscosity determinations were carried out over a wide range of pressures from above the reservoir
pressure to atmospheric pressure.
The measurements were repeated at each pressure stage until five or more results agreed to within
0.5%. The densities, obtained from the constant composition expansion and differential
vaporization tests, were used in the calculation of viscosities in centipoise.
Separator Tests
Finally, two single-stage separator tests were carried out using a pressurized test separator cell. A
portion of the bottomhole fluid sample, at a pressure above saturation pressure, was pumped into
the separator cell and stabilized at the pressure and temperature required for the first stage
separation. The gas evolved was pumped out of the cell and the volume and composition were
determined. The final stage was carried out at atmospheric pressure and separator temperature
and the density of the residual liquid was determined.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
A.3
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Summary of PVT Data


Constant Composition Expansion at Laboratory Ambient Temperature (68 F)
Saturation pressure (bubble-point)

345 psig

Constant Composition Expansion at 86 F


Saturation pressure (bubble-point)

364 psig

Constant Composition Expansion at 120 F


Saturation pressure (bubble-point)

397 psig

Constant Composition Expansion at 238 F


Saturation pressure (bubble-point)

524 psig

Average single phase compressibility


(From 4091 psig to 524 psig)

8.71

Thermal expansion at 5000 psig


(Vol at 238F)/(Vol at 60F)

x 10 -6 psi-1

1.0808 vol / vol

Differential Vaporization at 238 F


Solution gas-oil ratio at saturation pressure

174 scf/bbl of residual oil at 60F

Relative oil volume at saturation pressure

1.197 vol / vol of residual oil at 60F

Density at saturation pressure

0.7602 g cm-3

Bottomhole Fluid Viscosity at 238 F


Viscosity at reservoir pressure

1.211 centipoise at 4091 psig

Viscosity at saturation pressure

0.927 centipoise at 524 psig

Separator Test Data


Pressure
(psig)

Temperature Formation Volume


(F)
Factor
(Bl sat/bbl)

Total Solution
Gas-oil ratio
(scf/bbl)

Stocktank Oil
Density at 60 F
(g cm-3)

Test 1
524

238

60
0

200
200

524

238

30
0

200
200

1.169

143
0.8580

Test 2
1.180

146
0.8598

___________________________________________________________________________________________
A.4
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section B - Summary of Samples Received and Validation Data

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Reported Well and Sampling Information


Reservoir and Well Information
Field......................................................................... Cao Rondon
Well.......................................................................... Cao Rondon-1
Reservoir Fluid......................................................... Black Oil
Formation................................................................. Mirador / K2A1
Current Reservoir Pressure .................................... 4106 psia
Reservoir Temperature............................................ 238 F
Installation................................................................ *
DST.......................................................................... *
Perforated Interval .................................................. 9,760'-10,378'
Sampling Information
Date sampled...........................................................
Time sampled .........................................................
Type of samples.......................................................
Sampling company..................................................
Sampling Depth......................................................

11-Jul-06 & 12-Jul-06


15:22 & 09:40 - 10:20
Bottomhole & Wellhead
Core Laboratories
3,300 ft

Choke....................................................................... *
Status of well............................................................ Shut-In
Bottomhole pressure................................................ *
Bottomhole temperature.......................................... *
Wellhead pressure................................................... 415 psia
Wellhead temperature............................................. 95.8 F
Separator pressure ................................................. *
Separator temperature ............................................ *
Pressure base.......................................................... 14.7 psia
Temperature base ................................................... 60 F
Separator gas rate...................................................
Separator oil rate .....................................................
Water flowrate..........................................................
Gas gravity (Air = 1).................................................
Supercompressibility factor......................................
H2S..........................................................................
BS&W......................................................................
API Oil Gravity .........................................................

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Comments:
* Data not provided to Core Laboratories

___________________________________________________________________________________________
B.1
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Summary of Samples Received


Bottomhole Samples

Sampling :Pressure
Temp.
(psia)
(F)

Laboratory
Bubble point :Pressure
Temp.
(psig)
(F)

Sample
Number

Cylinder
Number

1.1

--

--

--

--

1.2

--

--

--

--

Free water
drained
(cc)

Sample
Volume
(cm3)

BSW
(%)

--

500

500

100.0

--

500

500

100.0

Free water
drained
(cc)

Sample
Volume
(cm3)

BSW
(%)

Wellhead Samples

Sampling :Pressure
Temp.
(psia)
(F)

Laboratory
Bubble point :Pressure
Temp.
(psig)
(F)

Sample
Number

Cylinder
Number

2.1

59437D

415

120.0

355

72

10

630

0.5

2.2

59386D

415

120.0

349

73

660

0.3

Notes:
Bottomhole Samples 1.1 and 1.2 were not transferred to transport cylinders as only water was
recovered from the sampling operation.
Wellhead Sample 2.2 was selected for compositonal analysis and PVT study.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
B.2
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section C - Compositional Analysis of Wellhead Fluid Sample to C36+

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________
Compositional Analysis of Wellhead Sample to C36 plus
Component
Hydrogen
Hydrogen Sulphide
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogen
Methane
Ethane
Propane
i-Butane
n-Butane
Neo-Pentane
i-Pentane
n-Pentane
Hexanes
Methyl-Cyclopentane
Benzene
Cyclohexane
C7
Heptanes
Methyl-Cyclohexane
Toluene
C8
Octanes
EthylBenzene
M/P-Xylene
O-Xylene
C9
Nonanes
TrimethylBenzene
C10
Decanes
C11
Undecanes
C12
Dodecanes
C13
Tridecanes
C14
Tetradecanes
C15
Pentadecanes
C16
Hexadecanes
C17
Heptadecanes
C18
Octadecanes
C19
Nonadecanes
C20
Eicosanes
C21
Heneicosanes
C22
Docosanes
C23
Tricosanes
C24
Tetracosanes
C25
Pentacosanes
C26
Hexacosanes
C27
Heptacosanes
C28
Octacosanes
C29
Nonacosanes
C30
Triacontanes
C31
Hentriacontanes
C32
Dotriacontanes
C33
Tritriacontanes
C34
Tetratriacontanes
C35
Pentatriacontanes
C36+ Hexatriacontanes +
H2
H2S
CO2
N2
C1
C2
C3
iC4
nC4
C5
iC5
nC5
C6

Mole %
0.00
0.00
0.43
0.22
16.55
3.30
1.84
0.79
1.52
0.00
1.24
1.38
2.99
1.10
0.08
0.51
4.01
2.12
0.31
5.27
0.47
0.47
0.20
4.36
0.49
4.69
4.33
3.77
3.96
3.43
3.38
2.70
2.41
2.41
2.03
1.68
1.54
1.30
1.22
1.11
1.02
0.89
0.83
0.78
0.73
0.64
0.59
0.49
0.43
0.38
0.37
3.24
_____

Weight %
0.00
0.00
0.11
0.04
1.58
0.59
0.49
0.27
0.53
0.00
0.54
0.59
1.54
0.56
0.04
0.26
2.40
1.25
0.17
3.60
0.30
0.30
0.12
3.34
0.35
3.99
3.81
3.63
4.15
3.90
4.17
3.58
3.41
3.62
3.20
2.76
2.68
2.38
2.32
2.20
2.10
1.92
1.86
1.81
1.76
1.60
1.51
1.30
1.17
1.08
1.07
14.05
_____

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Totals :
100.00
100.00
C.1
Core Laboratories
Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________
Compositional Analysis of Wellhead Sample to C36 plus

Calculated Residue Properties


C7 plus

Mole %
Mole Weight (g mol-1)
Density at 60F (g cm-3)

69.74
225
0.8401

C11 plus

Mole %
Mole Weight (g mol-1)
Density at 60F (g cm-3)

45.66
282
0.8682

C20 plus

Mole %
Mole Weight (g mol-1)
Density at 60F (g cm-3)

17.24
422
0.9035

C36 plus

Mole %
Molecular Weight (g mol-1)
Density at 60F (g cm-3)

3.24
725
0.9389

Calculated Whole Sample Properties


Average mole weight (g mol-1)
Density at 60F (g cm-3)

167
0.7990

___________________________________________________________________________________________
C.3
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section D - Constant Composition Expansion (CCE)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 238F


Single-phase Fluid Properties
Saturation pressure (bubble-point pressure)

524 psig

Thermal expansion factor of single phase fluid at 5000 psig


(Vol at 238F)/(Vol at 60F)
Average single phase compressibility
(From 4091 psig to 524 psig)

1.0808 vol / vol

8.71 x 10 -6 psi-1

Density at saturation pressure

0.7602 g cm-3

Mean Single-phase Compressibilities


Pressure Range
Initial Pressure
(psig)

Final Pressure
(psig)

Mean
Compressibility
(psi-1) (1)

5000

4000

6.85

x 10 -6

4000

3000

7.35

x 10 -6

3000

2000

8.07

x 10 -6

2000

524

10.17

x 10 -6

(1) Mean compressibility = (V2-V1) / [(V1+V2)/2] x 1/(P1 - P2)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
D.1
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 238F


Pressure
(psig)

5000
4091
4000
3000
2000
1000
900
800
700
600
524
522
520
518
516
515
504
478
445
384
302
219
168
127
94

Reservoir pressure

Saturation pressure

Relative
Volume (1)

Density
(g cm-3)

Instantaneous
Compressibility
(psi-1 x 10-6) (2)

0.9634
0.9694
0.9700
0.9772
0.9851
0.9944
0.9954
0.9966
0.9977
0.9990
1.0000
1.0020
1.0040
1.0060
1.0080
1.0091
1.0208
1.0515
1.0978
1.2119
1.4592
1.9311
2.4658
3.1985
4.2094

0.7890
0.7841
0.7836
0.7779
0.7717
0.7645
0.7636
0.7628
0.7619
0.7610
0.7602

6.64
7.03
7.07
7.66
8.56
10.50
10.87
11.34
11.96
12.96

Y-Function (3)

1.758
1.657
1.526
1.402
1.329
1.274
1.232

(1) Relative Volume = V / Vsat ie. volume at indicated pressure per volume at saturation pressure.
(2) Instantaneous compressibility = (V2-V1) / V1 x 1/(P1-P2)
(3) Y-function = (Psat - P ) / ((Pabs)(V/Vsat - 1)).

___________________________________________________________________________________________
D.2
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Graphs of Constant Composition Expansion Data


Relative Volume vs Pressure

1.000

Relative Volume, V/Vsat

0.995
0.990
0.985
0.980
0.975
0.970
0.965
0.960
0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

Pressure (psig)

Y Function vs Pressure

1.800
1.700

Y-Function

1.600
1.500
1.400
1.300
1.200
1.100
1.000
50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

Pressure (psig)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
D.3
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 120F


Single-phase Fluid Properties
Saturation pressure (bubble-point pressure)

397 psig

Thermal expansion factor of single phase fluid at 5000 lpcm


(Vol at 120F)/(Vol at 60F)
Average single phase compressibility
(From 2526 psig to 83 psig)

1.0272 vol / vol

5.72 x 10 -6 lpc-1

Mean Single-phase Compressibilities


Pressure Range
Initial Pressure
(psig)

Final Pressure
(psig)

Mean
Compressibility
(psi-1) (1)

5000

4000

5.02

x 10 -6

4000

3000

5.17

x 10 -6

3000

2000

5.41

x 10 -6

2000

500

6.18

x 10 -6

500

397

7.80

x 10 -6

(1) Mean compressibility = (V2-V1) / [(V1+V2)/2] x 1/(P1 - P2)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
D.4
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 120F


Pressure
(psig)

5000
4091
4000
3000
2000
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
397
394

Reservoir pressure

Saturation pressure

Relative
Volume (1)

Instantaneous
Compressibility
(psi-1 x 10-6) (2)

0.9746
0.9791
0.9796
0.9846
0.9900
0.9958
0.9965
0.9971
0.9978
0.9985
0.9992
1.0000
1.0000

4.97
5.07
5.09
5.27
5.59
6.31
6.45
6.61
6.81
7.08
7.46
8.33

391
387
384
380

Graph of Constant Composition Expansion Data


Relative Volume vs Pressure

1.0000

Relative Volume, V/Vsat

0.9950

0.9900

0.9850

0.9800

0.9750
0

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

Pressure, psig

(1) Relative Volume = V / Vsat ie. volume at indicated pressure per volume at saturation pressure.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
D.5
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 86F


Single-phase Fluid Properties
Saturation pressure (bubble-point pressure)

364 psig

Thermal expansion factor of single phase fluid at 5000 lpcm


(Vol at 86F)/(Vol at 60F)
Average single phase compressibility
(From 2526 psig to 72 psig)

1.0091 vol / vol

5.08 x 10 -6 lpc-1

Mean Single-phase Compressibilities


Pressure Range
Initial Pressure
(psig)

Final Pressure
(psig)

Mean
Compressibility
(psi-1) (1)

5000

4000

4.77

x 10 -6

4000

3000

4.69

x 10 -6

3000

2000

4.74

x 10 -6

2000

500

5.45

x 10 -6

500

364

6.62

x 10 -6

(1) Mean compressibility = (V2-V1) / [(V1+V2)/2] x 1/(P1 - P2)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
D.6
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 86F


Pressure
(psig)

5000
4091
4000
3000
2000
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
364
362

Relative
Volume (1)

Instantaneous
Compressibility
(psi-1 x 10-6) (2)

0.9770
0.9812
0.9817
0.9863
0.9910
0.9961
0.9966
0.9972
0.9978
0.9984
0.9991
0.9998
1.0000

4.84
4.73
4.72
4.69
4.84
5.58
5.74
5.94
6.18
6.48
6.87
7.40

Reservoir pressure

Saturation pressure

360
357
355
352

Graph of Constant Composition Expansion Data


Relative Volume vs Pressure

Relative Volume, V/Vsat

1.0000

0.9950

0.9900

0.9850

0.9800
0

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

Pressure, psig

(1) Relative Volume = V / Vsat ie. volume at indicated pressure per volume at saturation pressure.
(2) Instantaneous compressibility = (V2-V1) / V1 x 1/(P1-P2)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
D.7
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 68F


Single-phase Fluid Properties
Saturation pressure (bubble-point pressure)

345 psig

Thermal expansion factor of single phase fluid at 5000 lpcm


(Vol at 68F)/(Vol at 60F)
Average single phase compressibility
(From 2526 psig to 66 psig)

1.0000 vol / vol

4.69 x 10 -6 lpc-1

Mean Single-phase Compressibilities


Pressure Range
Initial Pressure
(psig)

Final Pressure
(psig)

Mean
Compressibility
(psi-1) (1)

5000

4000

3.94

x 10 -6

4000

3000

4.21

x 10 -6

3000

2000

4.51

x 10 -6

2000

500

5.10

x 10 -6

500

345

5.42

x 10 -6

(1) Mean compressibility = (V2-V1) / [(V1+V2)/2] x 1/(P1 - P2)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
D.8
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 68F


Pressure
(psig)

5000
4091
4000
3000
2000
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
345
343
341
339
337
335

Reservoir pressure

Saturation pressure

Relative
Volume (1)

Instantaneous
Compressibility
(psi-1 x 10-6) (2)

0.9791
0.9826
0.9829
0.9871
0.9916
0.9964
0.9970
0.9975
0.9980
0.9986
0.9992
0.9997
1.0000

3.79
4.05
4.08
4.35
4.68
5.21
5.30
5.39
5.50
5.64
5.79
6.00

Graph of Constant Composition Expansion Data


Relative Volume vs Pressure

Relative Volume, V/Vsat

1.0000

0.9950

0.9900

0.9850

0.9800
0

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

Pressure, psig

(1) Relative Volume = V / Vsat ie. volume at indicated pressure per volume at saturation pressure.
(2) Instantaneous compressibility = (V2-V1) / V1 x 1/(P1-P2)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
D.9
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section E - Differential Vaporization (DV)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Differential Vaporization at 238F

Pressure
(psig)

Solution
Gas-Oil
Ratio
Rs(1)

Relative
Oil
Volume
Bod(2)

Relative
Total
Volume
Btd(3)

524
400
200
100
0

174
159
120
94
0

1.197
1.189
1.171
1.156
1.091

1.197
1.314
2.045
3.584

At 60F =

Density
(g cm-3)

Deviation
Factor
(Z)

0.7602
0.7636
0.7691
0.7742
0.7906

0.964
0.980
0.989

Gas
Formation
Volume
Factor (4)

Incremental
Gas
Gravity
(Air = 1.000)

Saturation Pressure
0.04588
0.749
0.09012
0.828
0.17017
0.959
1.605

1.000

Residual Oil Properties


Density of residual oil

0.8623

API

32.4

g cm-3 at 60F

(1) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.70 psia and 60F per barrel of residual oil at 60F.
(2) Volume of oil at indicated pressure and temperature per volume of residual oil at 60F.
(3) Volume of oil plus liberated gas at indicated pressure and temperature per volume of residual oil at 60F.
(4) Volume of gas at indicated pressure and temperature per volume at 14.70 psia and 60F.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
E.1
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Graphs of Differential Vaporization


Solution Gas-Oil Ratio v Pressure
200
180

Gas-Oil Ratio, scf/res.bbl

160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0

40

80

120

160

200

240

280

320

360

400

440

480

520

400

440

480

520

Pressure, psig

Relative Oil Volume v Pressure


1.220

Relative Oil Volume, V/Vr

1.200
1.180
1.160
1.140
1.120
1.100
1.080
1.060
0

40

80

120

160

200

240

280

320

360

Pressure, psig

___________________________________________________________________________________________
E.2
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Compositional Analysis of Differential Vaporization Gases to C11+


Sample I.D.
Test Stage
Stage Pressure (psig)

1
400

2
200

3
100

4
0

Component (Mole%)
H2
H2S
CO2
N2
C1
C2
C3
iC4
nC4
iC5
nC5
C6
C7
C8
C9
C10
C11+

Hydrogen
Hydrogen Sulphide
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogen
Methane
Ethane
Propane
i-Butane
n-Butane
i-Pentane
n-Pentane
Hexanes
Heptanes
Octanes
Nonanes
Decanes
Undecanes plus
Totals :

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
2.43
2.69
2.96
1.11
1.46
0.90
0.62
0.22
80.15 74.22 64.94 35.90
9.43 11.67 14.16 12.35
1.64
3.02
4.55
9.44
0.72
1.10
1.81
3.69
1.10
1.53
2.85
7.85
0.61
1.05
1.92
5.70
0.57
0.89
1.92
5.89
0.82
1.41
2.04
7.83
0.54
0.85
1.41
5.44
0.40
0.52
0.68
3.60
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.99
0.04
0.04
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.01
0.00
_____ _____ _____ _____
100.00 100.00 101.00 100.00

Calculated Gas Properties


Gas Gravity
(Air = 1.000)

0.749

0.828

0.959

1.605

Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
E.3
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Compositional Analysis of Differential Vaporization Residue to C36+

H2
H2S
CO2
N2
C1
C2
C3
iC4
nC4
iC5
nC5
C6
C7
C8
C9
C10
C11
C12
C13
C14
C15
C16
C17
C18
C19
C20
C21
C22
C23
C24
C25
C26
C27
C28
C29
C30
C31
C32
C33
C34
C35
C36+

Component
Hydrogen
Hydrogen Sulphide
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogen
Methane
Ethane
Propane
i-Butane
n-Butane
i-Pentane
n-Pentane
Hexanes
Heptanes
Octanes
Nonanes
Decanes
Undecanes
Dodecanes
Tridecanes
Tetradecanes
Pentadecanes
Hexadecanes
Heptadecanes
Octadecanes
Nonadecanes
Eicosanes
Heneicosanes
Docosanes
Tricosanes
Tetracosanes
Pentacosanes
Hexacosanes
Heptacosanes
Octacosanes
Nonacosanes
Triacontanes
Hentriacontanes
Dotriacontanes
Tritriacontanes
Tetratriacontanes
Pentatriacontanes
Hexatriacontanes plus
Totals :

Mole %
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.07
0.05
0.04
0.15
0.53
0.69
2.35
6.78
9.71
7.51
7.16
5.95
5.21
5.53
4.78
4.74
3.81
3.42
3.43
2.94
2.36
2.13
1.89
1.75
1.58
1.45
1.28
1.23
1.13
1.09
0.98
0.92
0.77
0.69
0.64
0.60
4.66
_____
100.00

Weight %
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.04
0.17
0.22
0.90
2.85
4.70
4.11
4.45
3.89
3.73
4.30
4.04
4.34
3.76
3.60
3.83
3.44
2.89
2.76
2.57
2.48
2.32
2.23
2.04
2.04
1.95
1.94
1.82
1.75
1.52
1.40
1.34
1.29
15.26
_____
100.00

Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
E.4
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Compositional Analysis of Differential Vaporization Residue to C36+


Calculated Residue Properties
C7+

Mole%
Molecular Weight (g mol-1)
Density at 60F (g cm-3)

96.12
231
0.8450

C11+

Mole%
Molecular Weight (g mol-1)
Density at 60F (g cm-3)

64.96
286
0.8707

C20+

Mole%
Molecular Weight (g mol-1)
Density at 60F (g cm-3)

25.15
426
0.9063

C36+

Mole %
Molecular Weight (g mol-1)
Density at 60F (g cm-3)

4.66
737
0.9469

Calculated Whole Sample Properties


Average mole weight (g mol-1)
Density at 60F (g cm-3) [Measured]
API

225
0.8623
32.4

___________________________________________________________________________________________
E.5
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Differential Vaporization Data Converted to Production Separator Conditions


Oil
Density
(g cm-3)

Pressure
(psig)

5000
4091
4000
3000
2000
1000
900
800
700
600
524
400
200
100

Reservoir pressure

Saturation pressure

0.7891
0.7839
0.7834
0.7773
0.7707
0.7633
0.7625
0.7618
0.7610
0.7604
0.7602
0.7636
0.7691
0.7742

Solution
Gas/Oil
(scf / bbl)
Rs(1)

Formation
Volume
Factor
Bo(1)

Gas Formation
Volume
Factor
Bg(2)

143
128
90
65

1.126
1.134
1.134
1.143
1.153
1.164
1.165
1.167
1.168
1.169
1.169
1.161
1.143
1.129

0.04588
0.09012
0.17017

Notes:
(1) Differential data corrected to surface separator conditions of :Stage 1
Stage 2

60 psig and 200F


0 psig and 200F

Rs = Rsfb - (Rsdb - Rsd) x (Bofb / Bodb)


Bo = Bod x (Bofb/Bodb)
(2) Volume of gas at indicated pressure and temperature per volume at 14.7 psia and 60F.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
E.6
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Differential Vaporization Data Converted to Production Separator Conditions


Oil
Density
(g cm-3)

Pressure
(psig)

5000
4091
4000
3000
2000
1000
900
800
700
600
524
400
200
100

Reservoir pressure

Saturation pressure

0.7891
0.7839
0.7834
0.7773
0.7707
0.7633
0.7625
0.7618
0.7610
0.7604
0.7602
0.7636
0.7691
0.7742

Solution
Gas/Oil
(scf / bbl)
Rs(1)

Formation
Volume
Factor
Bo(1)

Gas Formation
Volume
Factor
Bg(2)

146
131
92
67

1.137
1.144
1.145
1.154
1.164
1.175
1.176
1.178
1.179
1.180
1.180
1.172
1.154
1.140

0.04588
0.09012
0.17017

Notes:
(1) Differential data corrected to surface separator conditions of :Stage 1
Stage 2

30 psig and 200F


0 psig and 200F

Rs = Rsfb - (Rsdb - Rsd) x (Bofb / Bodb)


Bo = Bod x (Bofb/Bodb)
(2) Volume of gas at indicated pressure and temperature per volume at 14.7 psia and 60F.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
E.7
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section F - Wellhead Fluid Viscosity Data

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Wellhead Fluid Viscosity Data at 238F


Pressure
(psig)
5000
4091
4000
3000
2000
1000
600
524
400
200
100
0

Oil
Viscosity
(cP)
Reservoir pressure

Saturation pressure

Calculated
Gas Viscosity
(cP) (1)

Oil/Gas
Viscosity
Ratio

0.0139
0.0133
0.0127

69.1
78.4
88.1

1.280
1.211
1.204
1.124
1.043
0.962
0.932
0.927
0.963
1.046
1.116
1.520

(1) Calculated using the method of Lee, Gonzales and Eakin, JPT, Aug 1966.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
F.1
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Graphs of Wellhead Fluid Viscosity Data at 238F


Oil Viscosity Vs Pressure

1.600
1.500

Oil viscosity, cPs

1.400
1.300
1.200
1.100
1.000
0.900
0.800
0

40

80

120

160

200

240

280

320

360

400

440

480

520

560

Pressurre, psig

Single-phase Fluid Viscosity Vs Pressure

Single-phase Viscosity, cPs

1.400

1.200

1.000

0.800
0

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

Pressurre, psig

___________________________________________________________________________________________
F.2
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section G - Separator Test Data

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Data from Separator Test 1

Pressure
(psig)

Temperature
(F)

Gas-Oil
Ratio

Oil
Density
(g cm-3)

(1)

Gas-Oil
Ratio
Rsfb
(2)

Formation
Volume
Factor
Bofb (3)

Separation Gas Gravity


Volume
of flashed gas
Factor
(Air = 1.000)
(4)

1.169

Saturation Pressure

524

238

143

0.7602

60
0

200
200

110
26

115
28

0.8302
0.8014

1.045
1.071

0.968 *
1.596

Residual Oil Properties


Density of residual oil

0.8580

API

33.3

g cm-3 at 60F

Note :
*

Evolved gas collected and analysed to C11+.

(1) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.70 psia and 60F per barrel of oil at indicated pressure and temperature.
(2) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.70 psia and 60F per barrel of stocktank oil at 60F.
(3) Volume of saturated oil at 524 psig and 238F per volume of stocktank oil at 60F.
(4) Volume of oil at indicated pressure and temperature per volume of stocktank oil at 60F.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
G.1
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Compositional Analysis of Separator Test Gas to C11+


Sampling Date
Sample Description
Cylinder Number
Sampling Conditions

H2
H2S
CO2
N2
C1
C2
C3
iC4
nC4
iC5
nC5
C6
C7
C8
C9
C10
C11+

Component
Hydrogen
Hydrogen Sulphide
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogen
Methane
Ethane
Propane
i-Butane
n-Butane
i-Pentane
n-Pentane
Hexanes
Heptanes
Octanes
Nonanes
Decanes
Undecanes plus
Totals :

05-Oct-2006
Cao Rondon-1 - 60psi Sep Test - First Stage Gas
59386D
60.0 psig @ 200.0F
Mole %
0.00
0.00
2.26
0.48
66.50
11.95
5.27
1.93
3.40
1.93
1.88
2.06
1.47
0.60
0.15
0.11
0.01
______
100.00

Weight %
0.00
0.00
3.57
0.48
38.32
12.90
8.34
4.03
7.10
5.00
4.87
6.37
5.29
2.46
0.69
0.53
0.05
______
100.00

Mole Weight
(g mol-1)
107.4
119.5
135.1
147.0

Density
(g cm-3 @ 60F )
0.7004
0.7195
0.7790
0.7890

Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.

Calculated Residue Properties


C7+
C8+
C10+
C11+

Heptanes plus
Octanes plus
Decanes plus
Undecanes plus
Calculated Whole Gas Properties
Real Relative Density
Whole Sample Mole Weight
Real Gas Density
Ideal Gross Calorific Value
Ideal Net Calorific Value
Pseudo Critical Press.
Pseudo Critical Temp.
Gas Compressibility Factor, Z
Gas Viscosity
GPM (C2+)
GPM (C3+)

0.9683
27.85
1.1866
1581.8
1443.7
652.5
456.5
0.9930
0.012
9.673
6.491

(Air=1 @ 14.73 psia & 60F)


g mol-1
kg m-3 @ 15C
BTU.ft-3 @ 14.73psia, 60F
BTU.ft-3 @ 14.73psia, 60F
psia
Rankine
@ 14.73 psia & 60F
cP

___________________________________________________________________________________________
G.2
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Data from Separator Test 2

Pressure
(psig)

Temperature
(F)

Gas-Oil
Ratio

Oil
Density
(g cm-3)

(1)

Gas-Oil
Ratio
Rsfb
(2)

Formation
Volume
Factor
Bofb (3)

Separation Gas Gravity


Volume
of flashed gas
Factor
(Air = 1.000)
(4)

1.180

Saturation Pressure

524

238

146

0.7602

30
0

200
200

84
14

131
15

0.5574
0.8033

1.552
1.070

1.104 *
1.584

Residual Oil Properties


Density of residual oil

0.8598

API

32.9

g cm-3 at 60F

Note :
*

Evolved gas collected and analysed to C11+.

(1) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.70 psia and 60F per barrel of oil at indicated pressure and temperature.
(2) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.70 psia and 60F per barrel of stocktank oil at 60F.
(3) Volume of saturated oil at 524 psig and 238F per volume of stocktank oil at 60F.
(4) Volume of oil at indicated pressure and temperature per volume of stocktank oil at 60F.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
G.3
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Compositional Analysis of Separator Test Gas to C11+


Sampling Date
Sample Description
Cylinder Number
Sampling Conditions

H2
H2S
CO2
N2
C1
C2
C3
iC4
nC4
iC5
nC5
C6
C7
C8
C9
C10
C11+

Component
Hydrogen
Hydrogen Sulphide
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogen
Methane
Ethane
Propane
i-Butane
n-Butane
i-Pentane
n-Pentane
Hexanes
Heptanes
Octanes
Nonanes
Decanes
Undecanes plus
Totals :

05-Oct-2006
Cao Rondon-1 - 30psi Sep Test - First Stage Gas
59386D
30.0 psig @ 200.0F
Mole %
0.00
0.00
2.16
0.42
60.55
12.15
5.92
2.28
4.19
2.60
2.53
3.05
2.31
1.18
0.38
0.26
0.02
______
100.00

Weight %
0.00
0.00
3.00
0.37
30.69
11.54
8.24
4.19
7.69
5.92
5.76
8.30
7.31
4.26
1.54
1.10
0.09
______
100.00

Mole Weight
(g mol-1)
109.1
120.3
134.9
147.0

Density
(g cm-3 @ 60F )
0.7035
0.7210
0.7788
0.7890

Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.

Calculated Residue Properties


C7+
C8+
C10+
C11+

Heptanes plus
Octanes plus
Decanes plus
Undecanes plus
Calculated Whole Gas Properties
Real Relative Density
Whole Sample Mole Weight
Real Gas Density
Ideal Gross Calorific Value
Ideal Net Calorific Value
Pseudo Critical Press.
Pseudo Critical Temp.
Gas Compressibility Factor, Z
Gas Viscosity
GPM (C2+)
GPM (C3+)

1.1038
31.66
1.3532
1790.1
1638.0
640.5
487.9
0.9905
0.011
12.042
8.807

(Air=1 @ 14.73 psia & 60F)


g mol-1
kg m-3 @ 15C
BTU.ft-3 @ 14.73psia, 60F
BTU.ft-3 @ 14.73psia, 60F
psia
Rankine
@ 14.73 psia & 60F
cP

___________________________________________________________________________________________
G.4
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section H - Appendix

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Data Used in Gas Compositional Calculations


Component

Hydrogen
Oxygen/(Argon)
Nitrogen (Corrected)
Methane
Carbon Dioxide
Ethane
Hydrogen Sulphide
Propane
i-Butane
n-Butane
Neo-Pentane
i-Pentane
n-Pentane
22DMC4
23DMC4/CYC5
2MC5
3MC5
Hexanes (nC6)
22DMC5
M-C-Pentane
24DMC5
223TMC4
Benzene

Mole Weight
Density
Component
(g mol-1) (g cm-3 at 60F)
*
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
*
**
**
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

2.016
31.999
28.013
16.043
44.010
30.070
34.080
44.097
58.123
58.123
72.15
72.150
72.150
86.18
78.16
86.18
86.18
86.18
100.20
84.16
100.20
100.20
78.11

N/A
1.1410
0.8086
0.2997
0.8172
0.3558
0.8006
0.5065
0.5623
0.5834
0.5968
0.6238
0.6305
0.6529
0.7129
0.6572
0.6682
0.6631
0.6814
0.7533
0.6757
0.6947
0.8820

33DMC5
Cyclohexane
2MC6/23DMC5
11DMCYC5/3MC6
t13DMCYC5
c13DMCYC5/3EC5
t12DMCYC5
Heptanes (nC7)
22DMC6
MCYC6
ECYC5
223TMC5/24&25DMC6
ctc124TMCYC5
ctc123TMCYC5
Toluene
Octanes (nC8)
E-Benzene
M/P-Xylene
O-Xylene
Nonanes (nC9)
Decanes
Undecanes
Dodecanes

Mole Weight
Density
(g mol-1) (g cm-3 at 60F)
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
***
***
***

100.20
84.16
100.20
99.20
98.19
99.20
98.19
100.20
114.23
98.19
98.19
114.23
112.21
112.21
92.14
114.23
106.17
106.17
106.17
128.26
134
147
161

0.6954
0.7827
0.6917
0.7253
0.7528
0.7262
0.7554
0.6875
0.6994
0.7740
0.7704
0.7060
0.7511
0.7574
0.8734
0.7063
0.8735
0.8671
0.8840
0.7212
0.778
0.789
0.800

Data Source Refs :


* ASTM Data Series Publication DS 4B (1991) - Physical Constants of Hydrocarbon and Non-Hydrocarbon
Compounds.
** GPA Table of Physical Constants of Paraffin Hydrocarbons and Other Components of Natural Gas,
GPA 2145-96.
*** Journal of Petroleum Technology, Nov 1978, Pages 1649-1655.
Predicting Phase Behaviour of Condensate/Crude Oil Systems Using Methane Interaction Coefficients
- D.L. Katz & A. Firoozabadi.

Note :
The gas mole % compositions were calculated from the measured weight % compositions using
the most detailed analysis results, involving as many of the above components as were identified.
The reported component mole % compositions were then sub-grouped into the generic carbon
number components.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
H.1
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Cao
Rondon-1 Well, Form.: Mirador / K2A1
RFL 0603116
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Data Used in Oil Compositional Calculations


Component

Hydrogen
Hyd. sulphide
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogen
Methane
Ethane
Propane
i-Butane
n-Butane
i-Pentane
n-Pentane
Hexanes
Me-cyclo-pentane
Benzene
Cyclo-hexane
Heptanes
Me-cyclo-hexane
Toluene
Octanes
Ethyl-benzene
Meta/Para-xylene
Ortho-xylene
Nonanes
1-2-4-T-M-benzene
Decanes

Mole Weight
Density
Component
(g mol-1) (g cm-3 at 60F)
*
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
*
*
*
**
*
*
**
*
*
*
**
*
**

2.016
34.080
44.010
28.013
16.043
30.070
44.097
58.123
58.123
72.150
72.150
86.177
84.16
78.11
84.16
100.204
98.19
92.14
114.231
106.17
106.17
106.17
128.258
120.19
142.285

N/A
0.8006
0.8172
0.8086
0.2997
0.3558
0.5065
0.5623
0.5834
0.6238
0.6305
0.6634
0.7533
0.8820
0.7827
0.6874
0.7740
0.8734
0.7061
0.8735
0.8671
0.8840
0.7212
0.8797
0.7334

Undecanes
Dodecanes
Tridecanes
Tetradecanes
Pentadecanes
Hexadecanes
Heptadecanes
Octadecanes
Nonadecanes
Eicosanes
Heneicosanes
Docosanes
Tricosanes
Tetracosanes
Pentacosanes
Hexacosanes
Heptacosanes
Octacosanes
Nonacosanes
Triacontanes
Hentriacontanes
Dotriacontanes
Tritriacontanes
Tetratriacontanes
Pentatriacontanes

Mole Weight
Density
(g mol-1) (g cm-3 at 60F)
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***
***

147
161
175
190
206
222
237
251
263
275
291
305
318
331
345
359
374
388
402
416
430
444
458
472
486

0.789
0.800
0.811
0.822
0.832
0.839
0.847
0.852
0.857
0.862
0.867
0.872
0.877
0.881
0.885
0.889
0.893
0.896
0.899
0.902
0.906
0.909
0.912
0.914
0.917

Data Source Refs :


* ASTM Data Series Publication DS 4B (1991) - Physical Constants of Hydrocarbon and Non-Hydrocarbon
Compounds.
** GPA Table of Physical Constants of Paraffin Hydrocarbons and Other Components of Natural Gas
GPA 2145-96.
*** Journal of Petroleum Technology, Nov 1978, Pages 1649-1655.
Predicting Phase Behaviour of Condensate/Crude Oil Systems Using Methane Interaction Coefficients
- D.L. Katz & A. Firoozabadi.

Note :
The residue mole weight and density values ( eg heptanes plus, undecanes plus, eicosanes plus)
are calculated so that the calculated average mole weights and densities correspond with the
measured values. This can lead to anomalous residue mole weights and densities where the Katz
and Firoozabadi values may not be suitable for the isomer groups detected.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
H.2
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia