You are on page 1of 87

IZMIR HISTORICAL COAL GAS FACTORY RESTORATION

PROJECT

To be completed by Europa Nostra:

HA-2012/

EUROPEAN UNION PRIZE FOR CULTURAL HERITAGE/


EUROPA NOSTRA AWARDS 2012
ENTRY FORM CATEGORY 1- CONSERVATION
The form should constitute part of a detailed entry dossier and be submitted by 1 October 2011 (date of sending) to:
Elena Bianchi, Heritage Awards Coordinator, Lange Voorhout 35, NL - 2514 EC Den Haag, The Netherlands
Please FILL OUT in English, PRINT, SIGN and SEND
Please include a COVER-PAGE with the name and a photograph of the building / site/ work of art
Title of the project (max. 60 characters)
IZMIR HISTORICAL COAL GAS FACTORY RESTORATION PROJECT
Name and address of the building / site / work of art
IZMIR HISTORICAL COAL GAS FACTORY
Umurbey Mahallesi Liman Caddesi no:20 Konak Izmir Turkey
Type (check one only as applicable)
Building conservation
Archaeology / sub-marine archaeology
Building Conservation areas and urban design
Landscape, historic parks and gardens
Works of art and collections
Other (please specify)
Brief description of the conservation work (max. 200 words)
th

Izmir Historical Gas Factory, situated at the rear area of the Port Izmir, was built in the second half of 19 Century by
Laidloux and Sons, a company from Glasgow. The factory is a complex of 8 buildings, which provided much of Izmirs
heating services until recently. Having been closed down in 1994, it served as technical service and atelier for Izmirs two
bus service providers until 2005 when Izmir Metropolitan Municipality decided that it restore this industrial heritage site as
a cultural, social and arts centre. Restoration work began in 2007 and finalised with the completion of landscaping work
in November 2008. The project restored and landscaped 8 most neat buildings and its surroundings to let citizens better
feel cultural, arts and social joy of Izmirs city life.
A food-court zone transformed to a centre of attraction and enriched with water features, a shopping zone to support
historical buildings with additional sales units, a square for gathering where the historical water tank is situated in the
middle, an entertainment zone around the structurally different new building, a cultural zone where there are exhibition
halls and workshops, and a cinema and visual arts zone with habitable grass surface.

Start and completion date of the project (between September 2008 and September 2011)
10th of March 2005 18th of November 2011

Entrant
Name (title - first name - last name)
MR. BUGRA OZCOBAN
Function
EU AND PROJECTS EXPERT
Organisation
IZMIR METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITY (IMM)
Address (Street name and number- postal code- town-country)
IBB Sosyal Hizmetler ve Projeler Dairesi Baskanligi
895 Sok. No:7 K:3 308 nolu oda
PK. 35250
Konak Izmir
TURKEY
Telephone
0090.232.2931076
Mobile phone
0090.532.4259334
Email
bugraozcoban@izmir.bel.tr
Website
http://www.izmir.bel.tr/
http://www.izmir.bel.tr/Kultursanat/EtkinlikMerkezleri/TarihiHavagaziFabrikasi
http://www.izmir.bel.tr/en/projelerb.asp?pID=18&psID=0
http://www.izmir.bel.tr/projelerb.asp?pID=18&psID=0
http://www.mekan360.com/360fx_tarihihavagazifabrikasi-izmir-merkez.html
http://www.izmir.com.tr/Pages/Art/EventPlaces.aspx?placeid=55

Owner
Name (title - first name - last name)
MR. AZIZ KOCAOGLU (In the name of Izmir Metropolitan Municipality)
Function
MAYOR
Organisation
IZMIR METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITY (IMM)
Address (Street name and number- postal code- town-country)
Cumhuriyet Bulvari No:1
PK. 35250
Konak Izmir
TURKEY

Telephone
0090.232.2931200
Mobile phone
Email
him@izmir.bel.tr,
Project leader
Name (title - first name - last name)
MRS. EYLEM BASAR KAPLAN
Function
COORDINATOR Development Agency, Project, and EU Relations Office
Organisation
IZMIR METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITY
Address (Street name and number- postal code- town-country)
IBB Sosyal Hizmetler ve Projeler Dairesi Baskanligi
895 Sok. No:7 K:3 308 nolu oda
PK. 35250
Konak Izmir
TURKEY
Telephone
0090.232.2933880
Mobile phone
0090.5326265658
Email
eylemkaplan@izmir.bel.tr
Other participants ( Name (title - first name - last name), organisation and role in project)

Concise summary
The summary should cover: aims of the project and its results, partners involved, implementation, budgetary constraints,
phases of development, funding arrangements, approximate total cost, and the qualities which make it outstanding in a
European context.
1 page only
Aims of the Izmir Historical Gas Factory Restoration Project is: 1. To earn the Izmir City life a new centre of attraction by
achieving the first coal gas factory restoration in Turkey that will contribute to European and Turkish Industrial Heritage
Protection Studies by revealing a magnificent work of art, 2. Transforming the factory site and buildings owned by the
municipality to a place where cultural, arts, and social activities can be fulfilled at the City Centre.
Results: 1. An industrial heritage restoration work exemplary to Turkey was brought to City life by having restored and
landscaped 8 registered buildings and its surroundings of Izmir Historical Coal Gas Factory.
2. The Factory was materialised as an important cultural, arts and social centre of the City of Izmir.
In addition, Food-court zones were formed in front of Building 1, a cultural zone was formed by gasometre
visualisation and by forming open exhibition spaces. A cinema and visual arts zone was formed on the grass area. A
shopping zone was formed by constructing additional sales units at the back of Building 4, and an entertainment zone
by timber flooring and building water features. Vegetation works were done according to function and applied in a way to
avoid sealing the buildings and separate zones from each other.
There were no partners involved and no budgetary constraints in the restoration work.
Four tenders took place to achieve restoration:
1. The contract to prepare restoration projects of buildings was signed on 10.03.2005
2. The restoration construction work was invited for tender on 02.02.2007. Start date: 03.05.2007 end date: 06.02.2008
3. Professional inspection service contract was signed with the project designer.
4. Landscaping work was invited for tender on 28.05.2008. Start date: 22.07.2008 end date: 18.11.2008
Green-field arrangements were done by relevant municipal units.
Izmir Metropolitan Municipality funded the project from its own budget. Approximate total cost is 6.715.500 Turkish Liras
(approximately 2.686.200 Euros).
Due to the proximity of the area to the Port of Izmir, it is an important centre for tourism. Visiting tourists are able to
experience the site by watching the social, cultural and artistic life of Turkey and join it on demand. At the same time,
they will be able to have an idea on old industry structures. The site created serves to contribute to intercultural
transaction in Europe in the long run.
Izmir Historical Gas Factory is a European Industrial Heritage. It was constructed in Izmir with the existing technology in
th
the United Kingdom in the second half of the 19 century and at a time when it was a multicultural city where Europeans,
Levantine and the population of Ottoman subjects had lived. There are European equivalents of the Factory which were
providing service in that period. Some of these, which have been able to be conserved until today in European cities
have been ascribed new functions and brought to city life. Therefore, Izmir Historical Coal Gas Factory Restoration
Project is a model candidate to enhance common knowledge of the industrial heritage sector, which studies restored
equivalents in European cities.

Detailed description
A - Description of the heritage, including historical background; value and significance; heritage protection status.
Maximum 1000 words
Izmir Historical Coal Gas Factory is situated next to the central neighbourhood of Alsancak at the District of Konak and
behind the Port of Izmir, which is one of Turkeys largest export ports. The Factory, which has an important place in late
19th century and early 20th century industrial buildings of Izmir, and its extensive transfer grid, provided modern
services of urban lighting and heating services of the era to citizens.
With incremental growth in its trade volume in the second half of the 19th century, there were important developments in
the industrial life of Izmir. Big industrial enterprises like the Spinning Factory, Coal Gas Factory, and Water Factory were
opened up. Industrial usage shifted to those areas due to their proximity to Alsancak Train Station and Port.
The Ottoman States granting foreigners the right to trade on Ottoman soil in 1838 and the following incremental trade
volume growth, brought about granting a 40 year privilege to journalist A. Edwards in 1959 to establish a Coal Gas
Factory. The Coal Gas Factory was established by the company Laidloux and Sons the headquarters of which was in
Glasgow. The Factory was managed by Izmir Coal Gas Company the headquarters of which was in London and
administrative and technical staff in Izmir.
Initially, 600 lanterns for urban lighting were foreseen to be erected but with the number reaching 3000, the factory
constructed additional buildings for capacity increase.
The use of electricity came about as a cheaper alternative at the beginning the 20th century. Eager not to lose the
market at hand, it obstructed transition to electricity until the beginning of World War I.
Since privileges of foreign companies were not extended in the Republican era, Izmir Coal Gas Company was
transferred to Izmir Municipality in 1935. Izmir Municipality formed a City Gas Directorate and put the Factory into use. Its
ownership was registered with it in 1940.
Izmir Electricity, Water, Coal Gas, Bus, Tramway General Directorate (ESHOT), an affiliated establishment to the
Municipality formed in 1943, incorporated Izmir Coal Gas Company in 1945.
The factory had started to produce fuel for housing after the City turned to electric-lighting. Due to old technology,
constant losses, environmental pollution, and end of economic life Izmir Metropolitan Council decided for its close down
and it officially ceased operation on 24.10.1994.
Factory buildings were used for technical service, atelier and personnel
Transport Services and Machinery Industry Ltd. (IZULAS) of Izmir
restoration. Therefore factory equipment was taken out of buildings and
that period. Izmir Cultural and Natural Conservation Board decision in
Immovable Cultural Assets.

by bus service providers of ESHOT and Izmir


Metropolitan Municipality (IMM) before their
alterations were made in line with the need of
1998 registered the buildings as 1st group of

After permissions taken from Conservation Board, it was turned into cultural, arts and social activities centre. The
contract to prepare restoration projects of buildings was signed on 10.03.2005. After tendering the restoration
construction work, contract was signed with the company Akdemir Inc. (start date: 03.05.2007 end date: 06.02.2008).
Professional inspection service contract was signed with the project designer. After tendering the landscaping work,
contract was signed with Akdemir Inc. (start date: 22.07.2008 end date: 18.11.2008). Green-field arrangements were
done by relevant municipal units.
According to the Restoration Project Work all additional buildings, except 8 registered buildings that have a construction
area of 2549 square metre (sqm), were demolished on the 23244 sqm open area. Building 1, used as Foundry Building,
was restored as Cafeteria; Building 2, used as Engine Room was more recently used as Atelier and restored as
Reading Room; Building 3, used as Administrative Building, was more recently used as bus and labour union
personnel and restored to its original use on the upper floor and as WC on the lower. Building 4, used as laboratory,
was more recently used as technical service and restored as Sales Unit; Building 5, used as Atelier and restored as
Social and Cultural Centre; Building 6, originally comprised of 2 structures, was more recently used as dining hall,
atelier and for personnel, and restored as Workshop and Exhibition Hall; Building 7 used as Water Tank, and
restored as Teahouse and Booth. Structure 8 is the 46.30 high and 5.14 metre in diametre Chimney and restored to
its original.
In terms of landscaping, main function zones were determined in surrounding areas of buildings taking their functions
into account. Details were solved with a vivid, respectful, and modern approach at the heritage area. A food-court zone
transformed to a centre of attraction and enriched with water features, a shopping zone to support historical buildings
with additional sales units, a square for gathering and attraction centre where the historical water tank is situated in the
middle, an entertainment zone around the structurally different new building in the area, a cultural zone where there
are exhibition halls and workshops, and a cinema and visual arts zone (open space area) with habitable grass surface
of 1800 sqm is located at the site.

All trees at the site were preserved. 5 olive trees of 150 years of age were transferred to the site from areas of the city
where uprooting was compulsory.
A 122 car-capacity parking lot of 2400 sqm and 5 decorative pools were constructed.
The gasometre mark was shown with use of different material at the lot, and the partial visualisation of the other
gasometre was made by steel construction so that its interior would be used for exhibition purposes.
The old fabric was created with extracted stone pavements used around chimney and cafeteria. Chosen ground
pavements were compliant with buildings and were of granite, floor brick, diabase, and granite cube stones.
IMM applied to 2008 Prize Competition for Promotion of Historical and Cultural Heritage Protection Projects and
Applications of the Union of Historical Towns with this restoration project. Among 43 competitive projects from 26
municipalities, it was awarded the Metin Sozen Grand Protection Award of the Union of Historical Towns on 22-24 May
2009.

Detailed description
B - State of conservation and use of the heritage before the project commenced.
Maximum 1000 words

Building 1: Late-period additional concrete structures built inside the single-floor building. Two-floor additional concrete
structure built in east. Personnel showers on the second floor.
The building was built with masonry system. Stone wall bonding irregular. Coating of later periods on walls. Floor
concrete and earth fill. Roof comprises of steel truss. L bars built on truss carry the wood boarding. Steel carrier
components harmed. Three luminaries on roof. In the North side of roof; shrouded French tiles, in the South; corrugated
sheet.
Two different arched window used on each floor. Lower-floor window joinery is wood, upper floor is L bar. Interventions
on windows due to functional change.
Building entrance in the west. All doors arched. Some doorways closed, some narrowed. New doorways opened at some
locations. Additional building to the east.
Furnace and its chimney. Chimney mark on the side wall.
Building 2: Deformed building floor used as Atelier. Steel trusses placed on open space and two built-in concrete-based
steel sections covered with wood. Deteriorations on boards.
Main wall carrier made of L bars at certain intervals. Concrete filling between bars. Opening in east to facilitate vehicle
entrance. Entrance circled with L bars. Basement windows visible but entrance not detected. Basement filled with debris.
Roof: 3 saddleback roofs formed with steel trusses. Wooden roof board deformed at valley boards.
3 types of windows detected. Arches of arched windows of fire brick, joinery is of wood. One of two doors in South turned
to window and other bonded with concrete to obstruct entrance. Two basement arched windows each in east and west. 3
circled windows each on North and South.
Building 3: Used as personnel and labour union building. Roof demolished and replaced with deck roof.
Lower-floor ground cover: terrazzo and ceiling: plywood. Upper-floor ground is veneer. Interior: segmented for functional
use. Stairs to upper floor replaced later on.
Two arched doors and windows made of firebricks in north lower-floor. 1 window opened afterwards and 1 original
window on upper-floor in east. 1 window opened afterwards on lower-floor and 1 original window on the upper-floor on
south.
Exterior is coated. Firebrick frames on four side of building.
Building 4: Single-floor building used as technical service. Additional constructions in east and west fronts. Main wall
carrier made of L bars at certain intervals. Concrete filling between bars. Building comprises of two spaces. Ceiling
covering is plywood. No roof frame detected. Roof cover is onduline
1 window opened afterwards in south, 2 original firebrick-framed doors and 1 window in west. 2 original brick-framed
windows in North. 1 frameless window in east.
Firebrick frames and drips on four side of the building. Exterior coating done with aggregate coating.
Building 5: Used as atelier. Built in the 1950s with reinforced concrete. Registered according to Conservation Board
decision. Wooden and profile windows on lower-floor. Windows on upper-floor iron profile. Entrance to buildings through
two iron Gates.
The roof : Tile-lining hipped roof.
Building 6: Used as dining hall, personnel and atelier. Originally comprised of two separated buildings. But two buildings
were combined with an additional building. (6-1, additional building 6-2 and 6-3)
6-1 Lower-floor entrance is in the west. The upper- floor is reached by stairs constructed later in the South. Additional
floor is made of concrete columns, beams and floor covering. The lower-floor covering is ceramic and ceiling concrete.
Upper-floor covering is terrazzo and ceiling is suspended plywood ceiling. 1 window and one door bound in the South.
On the upper-floor, window in the middle turned to door and 2 windows in total. 3 windows turned to doors and some
windows bound in the east. Changes in lower-floor windows and doors to link it with the additional building to the North.
Huge material loss on frames.

Main wall carrier made of L bars. Concrete filling between bars, losses seen in fillings. Wooden roof trusses seen in
patches. Roof cover is onduline.
Aggregate coating used on exterior.
6-2 This building constructed at later times and due to be demolished during implementation stage.
6-3 Used as atelier. Inactive for a very long time and distorted. Entrance in the west through two symmetrical doors. 1
woodwork room at interior in the North. A room built later to the South. Main wall carrier made of L bars. Concrete filling
between bars, material loss on side fillings. Tile frames around all windows and doors.
Entrance in the west through 2 doors. No changes in window and doors in the west. Big losses on frames. Additional
building to the North. Window in the middle turned to door to pass to additional building in the middle. 1 window turned to
door in the South to facilitate passage to additional building on upper floor. Lower floor windows bound on this side. No
changes in the east.
Flooring partially disappeared. Some places concrete. Lower-floor ceiling of timber beams. Square steel columns on
ground floor extend to the upper floor. Building has no way up to the upper floor. Upper floor covering is wood. Roof
comprises of steel truss. Roof cover is onduline.
Lower-floor windows on the east front are sash windows. Each has original bars in front.
Building 7: There is a 1.15 metre sheet metal water tank at the upper end of building walls. Tile frames on doors,
windows and building sides. 6 rows of brick laid on fronts. Trace of the stairs to the water tank is seen. Straight ladder is
placed instead of the original one.
There are two spaces and the wall between is damaged.
Some of the southern and northern windows are bonded. No window or door in the east. Iron windows and doors remain
on west. No window joinery detected.
There are little sheds next to building except south.
Structure 8: Chimney diameter: 5.14 metres on the floor and 1.90 metres at peak. Chimney entrance bricked and
closed. 33 circle metal sheets. Number 27 and 28 missing. Chimney slightly tilted after 40 metres.
Material loss, tarnish and salination on Chimney surface.

Detailed description
C
a. scope of the project: aims and objectives;
b. historical and technical research;
c. stages of implementation;
d. design and conservation work carried out;
e. context in which the project was undertaken;
f. design and technical problems involved and their chosen solutions both before and during the work;
g. use of appropriate building and conservation techniques;
h. use of traditional crafts and skills;
i use of appropriate materials;
j. results achieved;
k. provisions for future use and maintenance;
l. response to urban or landscape context;
m. state clearly if any related work still needs to be completed.
Maximum 2000 words
a. Izmir Historical Coal Gas Factory Restoration Project
Objectives: 1. Protection of our industrial heritage, which has in the 19th century Izmir Industrial History met a modern
urban need of the period, and hand it down to next generations, 2. Creation of an area at the Izmir City Centre where
cultural, arts, and social activities can be fulfilled.
Aims: 1. To earn the Izmir City life a new centre of attraction by achieving the first coal gas factory restoration in Turkey
that will contribute to European and Turkish Industrial Heritage Protection Studies by revealing a magnificent work of art,
2. Transforming the factory site and buildings owned by the municipality to a place where cultural, arts, and social
activities can be fulfilled at the City Centre.
b. Photographs, albums and postcards of Izmir available at the IMM City Library archive were utilised from historical and
technical point of view. Exterior wall analysis reports were prepared, samples of stone wall bonding, coating and coating
stuff were analysed during project design stage
c. Four tenders took place to achieve restoration:
1. The contract to prepare restoration projects of buildings was signed on 10.03.2005
2. The restoration construction work was invited for tender on 02.02.2007. Start date: 03.05.2007 end date: 06.02.2008
3. Professional inspection service contract was signed with the project designer.
4. Landscaping work was invited for tender on 28.05.2008. Start date: 22.07.2008 end date: 18.11.2008
Green-field arrangements were done by relevant municipal units.
d. Building 1: Additional construction on east side of the building was demolished, lining material on the side removed
and perfected with natural stones. Crane system at interior demounted and its reinforced concrete carrier removed.
Results of drilling cores taken from the reinforced concrete additional structure (determined to become kitchen and toilet)
was confirmed to have lost its carriage ability. Concrete demolished and rebuilt. Parts of steel truss roof subject to
corrosion removed. Decomposition works done on walls. Doors and windows opened detected from frame marks.
Deteriorated tiles removed.
Deteriorated bars on exterior and interior walls were changed and deterioration applied on necessary wall parts and
perfected with authentic stones. Old Stone surfaces cleaned with sandblasting. Joints perfected and walls fortified by
pumping chemicals through pipes laid between joints. New bars mounted replaced bars removed from roof. Preserved
bars brushed and cleaned. Antirust and oil-paint applied. Wooden roof board replaced and insulated. Tile lining renewed.
Iron joinery door and window removed with care. Windows and doors authentically restored making appropriate
perfections following scraping marks. Tile frames produced in special moulds. Chimney inside the building brushed,
cleaned and painted. Deteriorated steel sheeting on chimney exits renewed. Railway line found inside the building
extending to the northern front outdoors. Line cleaned, glass reinforced coating applied, and traces of history neatly
reflected. Wood parquet laid on ground.
Building 2: Additional shed and fuel tank demounted on northern front. Building suspended until new columns replaced
deteriorated supporting steel columns. Parts of steel sections deteriorated by corrosion and roof boards removed.
Coating around cracks on the exterior scraped and corroded supporting bars on the interior removed. Exterior fortified by
fixing cracks together with iron and binding wire (stitching method).
Steel columns that lost carriage ability removed and replaced with new ones. Ground compacted with care. Wood
parquet laid on ground. Walls coated and painted. Old and worn moulding completed according to original sample. The
window-turned door, implicit from traces on the wall, restored as door. Frames cleaned by sandblasting. New stairs
constructed on door exits due to elevation difference and doors rendered functional. Roofing removed, firm parts kept,
additions made, insulating material applied on top and tiled. Pitch board formed for joint liquid on the exterior and its
original adhered to.

Building 3: Additional constructions on the exterior were demolished, additional concrete part inside the building
removed. All additional interior materials removed and the deteriorated ones of the main carrier timber stringers removed
and fortified. Interior coating scraped and cleaned.
Windows confirmed to be opened afterwards were bonded with natural stones. Window-turned doors reopened. The roof
restored with rebuilt wooden truss. Unstable floor beams replaced and covered with wooden parquet. On the lower floor,
plywood suspended ceilings replaced by veneer suspended ceiling. Toilet locations were coated with ceramic of choice
matching historical building. Stone surfaces cleaned on the exterior by sandblasting. Door and window profiles replaced
according to its project.
Building 4: Additional structures on the east and west front were demolished first. Coating around cracks on the exterior
scraped and corroded supporting bars on the interior removed. Washbasins placed afterwards demolished and walls
scraped.
Exterior fortified by stitching method on crack detected sections following sectional scrapings. Original sample compliant
external coating finished with aggregate coating. Missing window and wall tiles and frames replaced with compliant
originals. Roof frame authentically reconstructed and covered with French tiles. Interior coated and painted. Wood
parquet laid on ground.
Building 5: Additional parts on east and west fronts demolished. Windows opened on the exterior as measures stated in
plans and iron joinery removed. Roof frame authentically reconstructed.
All windows and doors constructed with aluminium materials compliant with project. New locations formed as stated in
project. Coating and painting reparations completed. Mosaic frame on the floor removed. Floor covered with granite
ceramic. Aluminium suspended ceilings applied.
Building 6: Building comprises of three parts. The additional concrete structure used as passway between part 6-1 and
6-3 demolished separating two locations. Closed windows opened. Windows and doorways opened afterwards were
closed. Coating around cracks on the exterior scraped and corroded supporting bars on the interior removed. Exterior
fortified by stitching method on crack detected sections. External coating finished with aggregate coating compliant to
original sample. Parts of steel section roof subject to corrosion removed, remaining brushed, cleaned and painted.
Wooden roof boards replaced and covered with French tiles. Elevation done on the floor and covered with wood parquet.
In part 6-1, reinforced concrete flooring built afterwards demolished, new steel carriers mounted and carriers anchored to
newly built base. Interior coating done and painted. Terrazzo floor used on ground. Original compliant new timber
stringers built on roof. Insulating material applied on roof board and covered with French tiles.
Building 7: Surrounding sheds removed. Windows closed at later times reopened and frames repaired. Corroded water
tank demounted. New one placed by means of a crane. Stone surfaces on the exterior scraped by sandblasting.
Andesitic covering used on the floor.
Structure 8 (Chimney): 46.30 metres high. In order to correct the tilt in the last 6.5 metre part, tiles were demounted.
Cracked parts stitched and missing parts complemented with original compliant materials.
Drainage works of all buildings completed.
e. The recent context was as follows: 1. The Conservation Board registered the Factory as a 1st Group Heritage site with
its decision in 1998. 2. At the Izmir Port Area Urban Design Contest, organized by IMM in 2001, it was proposed that
the Factory be utilised as industrial heritage. 3. In the 2003 Work Plan, the IMM envisaged the factory as a Culture and
Entertainment Centre. In 2005, when restoration started, conservation of the rear Port areas industrial sites was highly
anticipated in the city.
f. The design process was difficult. It required serious architectural, static and mechanic work.
Design was based on site detections and old photographs due to abundant additional parts and scant documents on
buildings history. Gasometre building visualisation was conceptualised according to photographs found. Mark of the
other gasometre was revealed during implementation. Structures of no historical value and regularity were demolished.
Building survey, restitution and restoration projects were prepared following on-site works since written documents on the
authentic use of the Factory had not been reached, and additional buildings had been constructed while it was in service.
Interventions were decided on detection. No implementation was done based on comment.
The most important problem in implementation was shortcomings in detection due to lack of building survey study.
Scrapings on coating enabled easier analysis on building carrier system and the period it belonged to. Each trace found
was restored to its original use and conserved. The later revealed door at Building 1 and railway line once used to
transfer coal from the port on wagons into the building were preserved and the line was exhibited by glass reinforced
coating.
Structural deformations in buildings were re-examined with scraping and fortification methods chosen.
The one of the most stringent issues in restoration implementation was demounting top 6.5 metre of the tilted chimney
and reconstructing it with authentic material. A cone-shaped scaffolding system contracting towards the top was mounted
to ease repair.

g. The project used masonry construction technique. Buildings having problems with their carrier systems were
reinforced with steel sections. These were applied on specific buildings; Buildings 1, 3, and 7: decomposition on walls
and injection, Buildings 2, 4, and 6: renewal of crack parts on walls and replacement of deteriorated carrier bars and
fortification by stitching method in crack-detected sections, Buildings 1,2,4,5 and 6: authentic renewal of vestigial roof
components, Buildings 2, 4, and 6: external coating, and Buildings 2, 4, 5 ve 6: authentic interior coating. Drainage was
built around all buildings.
h. Moulds were taken from decorations found at steel truss joints and mouldings on all interior walls. Healthy ones were
preserved and imperfect ones were originally corrected in Building 2.
i. Materials used on masonry constructions such as wood, stone, steel section and firebrick was used.
j. 1. An industrial heritage restoration work exemplary to Turkey was brought to City life by having restored and
landscaped 8 registered buildings and its surroundings of Izmir Historical Coal Gas Factory.
2. The Factory was materialised as an important cultural, arts and social centre of the City of Izmir.
k. Opened on 27.12.2008, the Factory is under the responsibility of the IMM Culture and Sports Department, Culture and
Arts Directorate. The cafeteria, restaurant and exhibition areas were leased to the Grand Plaza Inc. with IMM Council
decision on 30.01.2009.
Art and Cultural events (concerts, cinevision shows, etc.), Art and sculpture exhibitions, and courses and workshops in
various fields of Art are held in the area. The cafeteria hosts meetings and social events, and at exhibition areas are
exhibits of artworks. Reading Halls are also available.
In Building 1 and its surrounding open field, run by Grand Plaza Inc., events such as receptions and dinners are held.
Building 2, which was planned as a Reading Hall, is used as a Meeting Hall. It is allocated to the use of Municipality and
NGO meetings.
Building 3, Upper level, is used as Administrative Unit.
Building 4 includes work offices.
Shopping zone has additional sales units. Products produced within the IMM Vocational and Craft courses are sold and
Fashion designers collections are exhibited here.
Building 5, upper level, is used as Wedding Hall in winter. The lower level kitchen is run by Grand Plaza Inc.

In Building 6, visual shows are on display and dance, photography, paintings, glass mosaics and factory workshops are
held.
Open air concerts began in the Visual Arts Zone in 2009. Film club screenings are held on Wednesdays between June
and September.
All activities are free-of-charge.
All the maintenance and repair costs are covered by the IMM.
l. Due to the fast industrialisation around the rear port area, settlement is uncontrolled and disorderly. The restoration
works are an example to land owners of the possibility to convert idle and unorganised structures into a city attraction.
The establishment of a private University building as a result of an arrangement of old warehouses and ateliers close to
the Factory, gives hopeful messages about the areas future.
As the first historical Coal Gas Factory restoration in Turkey, constituting a wide area in the city centre, providing new
functions to the Factory buildings after restoration will breathe new life into the city. Free cultural, social and art services
have closed the gap in this field.
m. The Coal Gas Factory project was completed in accordance with its restoration aims.

Detailed description
D - Costs, financial and management arrangements, and any difficulties overcome in the process of completing the
project. Contributions and involvement of each partner should be clearly indicated.
Maximum 500 words
Izmir Historical Coal Gas Factory is owned by the Izmir Metropolitan Municipality (IMM). The Municipality had the
restoration work done.
Four tenders took place to achieve restoration of factory buildings.
E-S Construction, Town Planning, Architecture, Restoration Inc. prepared restoration projects of buildings. Architects and
engineers of the IMM prepared the landscaping project.
The contract to prepare restoration projects of buildings was signed on 10.03.2005 with the project designer for 62.000
Turkish Liras (TL). The restoration construction work was invited for tender on 02.02.2007. Contract was signed with the
company Akdemir Inc. It assumed work on 03.05.2007 and finished on 06.02.2008 for 2.287.216,55 TL. The work was
finished under the control of municipal architects and engineers. Professional inspection service contract was signed with
the project designer for 11.02 TL. Landscaping work was invited for tender on 28.05.2008. Contract was signed with
Akdemir Inc. It assumed work on 22.07.2008 and finished on 18.11.2008 for 3.174.200 TL. The work was finished under
the control of municipal architects and engineers. Green-field arrangements were done by relevant municipal units.
Site delivery date: 03.05.2007 - 22.07.2008
Date of completion of work: 06.02.2008 - 18.11.2008
Contractor Company: Akdemir Mad. n. Tur. Nak. th. hr. San. Tic. ti.
Total plot area: 23244 sqm
Building area restored: 2549 sqm (9 buildings) - 1 is the 9 newly constructed shopping units
Total construction period: 400 days
Project cost:
62.000 TL
Construction cost: 5.900.000 TL
Refurbishment:
88.500 TL
Vegetation:
240.000 TL
Grand Plaza:
425.000 TL
Total:
6.715.500 TL
The project finished on 18.11.2008. The opening ceremony was held on 27.12.2008.

Detailed description
E - Contribution of the project to the conservation and enhancement of the cultural heritage: impact on conservation
policy and practice; historical, cultural, environmental, educational and/or social value; European added-value.
Maximum 500 words
Izmir Historical Coal Gas Factory Project is the first Coal Gas Factory Restoration Application in Turkey. It serves as a
very important model for policies and applications in the field of conservation. The project, which has the target of
handing down our historical richness to the modern-day and next generations by refunctioning this type of an industrial
building group, is today a complex used for many functions.
The aim in restoration is the use of structures after being repaired. The Coal Gas Factory restoration has successfully
fulfilled this. It hosts citizen with a fabric that comes down from the past with cultural activities, arts and training courses,
and workshops. Each passing day the Centre enters City life with new activities. The moving image workshop, dance
workshop, photography workshop, painting workshop, glass mosaic workshop, and the Factory workshop, which are
provided free-of-charge to various age groups with the support of professionals, make important contributions to artistic
skills development of attendants.
Ascribing cultural and artistic activities to Coal Gas Factory buildings and the making of landscaping in a way to support
this has developed the identity of the area. Aesthetic features of the buildings came into prominence after restoration
applications, even though they were industrial structures. So it hosts its visitors with a fabric that comes down from the
past.
Special importance was given to building lighting during landscaping work. It was ensured that the buildings were sensed
in a neat but picturesque fashion, and an aesthetic vision was created. To be at the Coal Gas Factory at night, with its
unique lighting system rejuvenates visitors from visual point of view.
Due to the proximity of the area to the Port of Izmir, it is an important centre for tourism. Visiting tourists are able to
experience the site by watching the social, cultural and artistic life of Turkey and join it on demand. At the same time,
they will be able to have an idea on old industry structures. The site created serves to contribute to intercultural
transaction in Europe in the long run.
Izmir Historical Gas Factory is a European Industrial Heritage. It was constructed in Izmir with the existing technology in
th
the United Kingdom in the second half of the 19 century and at a time when it was a multicultural city where Europeans,
Levantine and the population of Ottoman subjects lived. There are European equivalents of the Factory which were
providing service in that period. Some of these, which have been able to be conserved until today in European cities
have been ascribed new functions and brought to city life. Therefore, Izmir Historical Coal Gas Factory Restoration
Project is a model candidate to enhance common knowledge of the industrial heritage sector, which studies restored
equivalents in European cities.

To complete the dossier, please ANNEX to the form:


Drawings A4 format (no fold-outs larger than A3 format)
A - A location-plan, preferably to the scale of 1:10 000, on which the building or site is clearly marked
B - A site-plan
C - Plans, section and elevation drawings, showing pre- and post-restoration conditions. All alterations/new additions
should be clearly marked.
Photographs
Good quality colour prints showing clearly the overall situation and important details of the project. Photos must include
BEFORE and AFTER views, preferably from the same viewpoint, laid out together in the dossier. Wherever possible,
please include photos of the works in progress.
All printed photos should be clearly captioned.
Entrants of winning schemes may be asked to provide additional photographs or material for press and promotional
purposes.
Three (3) CD ROMs
The dossier in PDF format and the photographs must also be sent on three (3) CD ROMs:
1 - CD ROM 1 is for quick reference by the jury. Photo files on this CD ROM should be in jpeg format only and not
exceed 150kB each.
2 CD ROM 2 is for the assessment on location done by a local expert prior to the Jury meeting. Photo files on this CD
ROM should be in jpeg format only and not exceed 150kB each.
3 - CD ROM 3 contains ready for print files for possible inclusion in the magazine that will be published on the occasion
of the European Heritage Awards Ceremony. Photo files on this CD ROM should be in high resolution (300dpi) and in
jpeg or tiff format only.
Checklist (please check each item; this should help you to prepare a complete dossier in compliance with the Conditions of Entry)
Cover-page with the name and a photograph of the building / site / work of art
The completed and signed entry form
Drawings, A4 format (no fold-outs larger than A3 format)
Photographs (historical - before - during after)
2 CD ROMs (two identical copies) including PDF entry dossier and low resolution (< 150kB) photographs in jpeg
format
1 CD ROM including PDF entry dossier and high resolution photographs in jpeg or tiff format
Dossiers which fail to fulfil the requirements will not be presented to the jury

Declaration of entrant
I wish to submit the above-named entry to the 2012 European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards.
I have enclosed the required documentation (see Dossier requirements for Category 1') and agree to the conditions set
up by the Awards scheme. I confirm that I have obtained permission from the owners of the copyright for Europa Nostra,
to freely use the photographs and material submitted (and others subsequently requested) for all purposes of publication
and promotion of the Awards.
Name, signature and stamp of entrant

Date
30.09.2011

First submission/ Resubmission


I confirm that this is the first time that this project has been submitted for the European Union Prize for Cultural
Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards

This is a resubmission for the European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards. The registration
number and title of the previous submission was: _________________
Name and signature of entrant

Declaration of owner
I, Mr. Aziz Kocaoglu, as the Mayor of Izmir Metropolitan Municipality and owner of Izmir Historical Coal Gas Factory
consent to the submission of the property for the 2012 European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Prize.
Signature of the owner

Date
30.09.2011

On Behalf of the Mayor of Izmir Metropolitan Municipality


Dr. S. Sirri Aydogan
Deputy Mayor of Izmir Metropolitan Municipality

Declaration of photographer
I, Mr. Resat Yoruk, who own the copyrights of the photographs, grant permission for Europa Nostra, to freely use the
photographs and material submitted (and others subsequently requested) for all purposes of publication and promotion
of the Awards.
Date
30.09.2011

LOCATION PLAN

SITE PLAN

BUILDING 1 FIRST FLOOR BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 1 GROUND FLOOR BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 1 SECTION B-B BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 1 NORTH FRONT BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 1 FIRST FLOOR RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 1 GROUND FLOOR RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 1 SECTION B-B RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 1 NORTH FRONT RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 2 FLOOR PLAN BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 2 SOUTH FRONT BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 2 SECTION A-A BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 2 GROUND FLOOR RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 2 SOUTH FRONT RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 2 SECTION A-A RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 3 GROUND FLOOR BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 3 FIRST FLOOR BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 3 WEST FRONT BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 3 SECTION B-B BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 3 GROUND FLOOR RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 3 FIRST FLOOR RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 3 SECTION B-B RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 3 WEST FRONT RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 4 GROUND FLOOR BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 4 SECTION B-B BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 4 NORTH FRONT BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 4 RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 4 SECTION B-B RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 4 NORTH FRONT RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 5 GROUND FLOOR BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 5 FIRST FLOOR BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 5 SECTION B-B BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 5 WEST FRONT BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 5 GROUND FLOOR RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 5 FIRST FLOOR RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 5 SECTION B-B RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 5 WEST FRONT RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 6 +0.00 ELEVATION BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 6 +3.00 ELEVATION BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 6 WEST FRONT BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 6 SECTION A-A BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 6 +0.00 ELEVATION RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 6 +3.00 ELEVATION RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 6 WEST FRONT RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 6 SECTION A-A RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 7 GROUND FLOOR BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 7 SECTION A-A BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 7 SOUTH FRONT BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 7 WEST FRONT BUILDING SURVEY

BUILDING 7 RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 7 WEST FRONT RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 7 SOUTH FRONT RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 7 SECTION A-A RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 8 RESTORATION PLAN

BUILDING 8 RESTORATION PLAN

HISTORICAL VIEW

BUILDING 1
Before

After

BUILDING 1 INTERIOR
Before

After

BUILDING 2
Before

After

BUILDING 3
Before

After

BUILDING 4
Before

After

BUILDING 5
Before

After

BUILDING 6
Before

After

BUILDING 7
Before

After

BUILDING 8
Before

After

ENTRANCE

AERIAL VIEW

ACTIVITIES