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BASIC WELDING GAS WELDING


Dzulkhairie Bin Dzulfadlie
(06DEM15F1080)
NUR HANANI BINTI MOHD RUSNI
(06DEM15F1090)
Janani A/P Selva Kumar (06DEM15F1087)
I. How to use 3 types of flame (carburizing,
neutral, oxidising )
II. Welding of metal plates.
Metal plate, filler rod, oxygen and acetylene
gas cylinder.
Thong, Gloves, Goggle, Wire Brush, Lighter,
Leather Apron, Chipping Hammer, spinder key
to lock or unlock the cylinder valve, gas hose to
channel the gas from the cylinder to the torch
and pressure of regulator to adjust.

INTRODUCTIO As we know, gas welding use flame as source of


heat. The flame is produced from the mixed of
N:
oxygen gas and acetylene gas. The flame melts
the edges or surfaces of joining metal. This allow
the molten metal to flow together and form a
solid continuous joint upon calling.
PROCEDURE:
1. TURNING ON:
a. Acetylene slowly turned on (quarter/half
turn of the needle valve) and ignited,
producing a small flame. At this stage, a
small amount of soot/smoke is given off
the end of the flame.
b. Acetylene increased and oxygen turned on
slowly.
c. Acetylene increased slowly and oxygen
more rapidly, to produce an intense,
localised flame, capable of precise welding.
d. The type of fire. Figure 82.

3. T-Joint :
a. Clean the metal plate where it will be
joining with a wire brush.
b. Setup the acetylene cylinder and oxygen
cylinder using spinder key.
c. Setup the regular to control pressure from
the tanks to the required pressure to the
hose.
d. Setup the torch to produce the flame
starting from acetylene valve and than to
the oxygen valve with ratio 1:1
e. Weld the metal with same properties rod
to start joining method.
f. Weld the side to make it strong.

g. Then heat the metal with the filler rod to


fill the empty space in between the metal.
4. Corner Joint :
a. Clean the metal plate where it will be
joining with a wire brush.
b. Setup the acetylene cylinder and oxygen
cylinder using spinder key.
c. Setup the regular to control pressure from
the tanks to the required pressure to the
hose.
d. Setup the torch to produce the flame
starting from acetylene valve and than to
the oxygen valve with ratio 1:1
e. Weld the sides of the metal to make it
strong.

Work Result

Discussion :

Conclusion :

f. Then heat the metal and the filler rod to


fill the empty space between the metals.

1. www.wikipedia.com
2. Encik. Hasrin Bin Hussin
3. Encik. Mutiman Bin Mat
1. What is the function
for the regulator?
4. Workshop
Set the gas
Reduce the high pressure to the
working pressure
2. State 3 types of flames?
Carburizing flame
Neutral flame
Oxidising flame
3. how much the ratio for neutral flame?
1:1
At the end of the experiment, we know that :
1. How to weld with correctly.
2. Three types of different flame.
3. How to start or setup the regulator valves
correctly.

Reference :