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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY ENHANCEMENTS AND EMERGING ENGINEERING RESEARCH, VOL 3, ISSUE 04

ISSN 2347-4289

93

Enhancing The Functionality Of Bus Monitoring


And Tracking System
Aparna A. Surve, Rutuja P. Nahar, Gauri K. Somavanshi, Kranti Dive
Department of Computer Engineering, MIT College of Engineering, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra
411007, India
aparna.surve53@gmail.com, rutunahar@gmail.com, gauri.30791@gmail.com, kranti.dive@mitcoe.edu.in
ABSTRACT: Due to the high cost of time, several methods are proposed to reduce the wastage of time on the bus station. So, we proposed GPS based
Bus Tracking and Monitoring system in which the tracking is done using Adroid technology and we will create Android Application which gives User
interface to Passengers where they can access/view the Daily timetable of Bus, Bus route, Location of Bus, and Bus Arrival and Delay Timing
information. The Base Station also gives response to passenger's request when they ask for some information about Bus, Bus Driver, Route of bus, and
Timing of bus.
Keywords : Adroid Device, Mobile Computing, Bus Tracking, Bus arrival time prediction, Central Monitoring and control, Cellular Based Tracking

1. INTRODUCTION
The current scenario is that passengers have to keep waiting for
the bus to arrive at the bus stop. The waiting time varies a lot
depending upon various parameters. According to the current
system the passenger does not have any information about the
bus, its expected arrival time, the expected waiting time and
what exactly is the current position of the bus. The waiting time
of every passenger keeps on increasing every now and then.
Thus there is a strong need to build such a system which will
work in favour of the user and especially reduce his waiting time
at the bus stop. Our main focus is to provide the user with such
a system which will for sure reduce his waiting time and will provide him with all necessary details regarding the arrival time of
the bus, its exact location and expected waiting time. Thus we
have proposed a system which will work for the same. The previous work done in this field is as follows:
A) RFID based Intelligent bus Management and Monitoring
system
This system summarizes the work on design and implementation of RFID-based system for tracking the location of buses
provided for public transportation. The system consists of three
main modules: In-Bus Module, Bus-Stop Module and BaseStation Module. When bus leaves from BASE-Station, the RFID
tag at BASE-Station is read by the RFID reader in the In-Bus
Module and the tag data is then sent to BASE-Station via GSM
[3].
B) How Long to Wait? Predicting Bus Arrival Time With
Mobile Phone Based Participatory Sensing
The bus arrival time is primary information to most city transport
travelers. Excessively long waiting time at bus stops often discourages the travelers and makes them reluctant to take buses.
In this paper, we present a bus arrival time prediction system
based on bus passengers participatory sensing. With commodity mobile phones, the bus passengers surrounding environmental context is effectively collected and utilized to estimate the
bus traveling routes and predict bus arrival time at various bus
stops [4].

1.1 Proposed System


The proposed architecture helps in understanding The Bus
monitoring system. The components of the following architecture are: GPS Tracking Device (Adroid Device with Internet facil-

ity), a Server and a Database, Android/Java Phones, and


Backup Database. The descriptions of the above named components are as follows:
A) GPS Technology :
Global positioning system (GPS) i.e. Android Device is system
composed of 24 communication satellites of United States.
Once a location is computed, it can calculate an average speed
and direction of traveling. Therefore, Adroid device is a key
technology for giving device its position. Among the many ways,
GPS tracking devices are used for tracking city bus. Many cities
have found that using GPS tracking systems has helped them
to improve the efficiency of city bus operation.
B) Bus Station Monitoring System :
The main part of the architecture is Bus Station Monitoring system, where actually central management of Bus is done, optimal
route designing & real-time monitoring of traffic. The Central
Monitoring System also saves the information about Bus Drivers, Conductor, and Other person who are the employee of Bus
Station.The Monitoring system divided into two parts :
i. System Database
ii. Monitoring System
i. System Database:
The System database stores the information about the buses,
bus drivers, and information about the employee who are working in Bus Station. It's very important to store the correct and
accurate information in the sorted format so server system can
handle it properly and make changes according to requirements.
ii. Monitoring System:
This part is the central part of the Bus Station Monitoring system
and consists of a Server computer connected to the Internet
through Router or Modem. It accepts the location information of
the buses via respective Adroid Device placed in Buses and
stores it in the database. It sends the data about bus, its current
location and route of bus with Google map which helps passengers to get arrival time of particular bus with optimized route of
bus via Internet. The System generated message is sent to
passengers when they ask for some information about buses
and bus route. Passengers can also give feedback to the system by sending acknowledgement messages on getting a notification from the system.

Copyright 2015 IJTEEE.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY ENHANCEMENTS AND EMERGING ENGINEERING RESEARCH, VOL 3, ISSUE 04
ISSN 2347-4289

94

2. RESULT
The Proposed system result into three parts :
i.
Base Station System
ii.
Passenger Application
iii.
Adroid Application for Driver
i. Base Station System:
In this System, we provide website for Admin which have following area to Controling and Monitoring :
Admin have Login before they use the System for Authentication.
Admin can add new bus into particular Depo and modify bus details.
They can see how many buses available to Depo and
make daily schedule for bus and driver.
They can add new route form one Bus Station to
another, and modify it.
Admin can add new locations and new bus stops for
new route.
Also add new Driver details to perticulr Depo and modify it.

Figure 1. Architecture of Proposed System

1.2 Algorithms
i. IR2 Tree Algorithm:
Information retrieval (IR)2 Tree Algorithm is finding shortest distance of Bus Stops from Passenngers current location. IR2 Tree
algorithm is exactly an unstructured nature that satisfies an information need from within large collections (usually stored on
Database). Information retrieval is a problem-oriented discipline,
concerned with the problem of the effective and efficient transfer
of desired information. In other words:

The indexing and retrieval of textual documents.

Concerned firstly with retrieving relevant documents to a


query.

Concerned secondly with retrieving from large sets of documents efficiently.

1.3 Comparison of existing system and proposed


system
The existing bus arrival time prediction system based on bus
passengers participatory sensing. With commodity mobile
phones, the bus passengers surrounding environmental context
is effectively collected and utilized to estimate the bus traveling
routes and predict bus arrival time at various bus stops. The
proposed system reduces the wastage of time on the bus station or waiting for the bus for more time is not preferred. So, we
proposed Adroid Device based Bus Travelling and Management
system in which the tracking using GPS technology. We will
create Android Application which gives User interface to Passengers where they can access/view the Daily timetable of Bus,
Bus route, Location of Bus, and Bus Arrival and Delay Timing
information. The Bus Station also gives response to passenger's
request when they ask for some information about Bus, Bus
Driver, route of bus, Timing of bus. The Proposed system is
easy to use and provide effective management tool for Passengers in which they can find optimal route of bus, monitoring system for Bus Station where all central management done, optimal
route designing & real-time monitoring of traffic. The Central
Monitoring System also saves the information about Bus Drivers, Conductor, and Other person who are the employee of Bus
Station.

Figure 1. Screenshot of Base Station Application


ii.
Passenger Application:
This is Android application which passenser have in their
phone through which they can have following facilities:
Passenger can search the available route from nearest bus stop to the destination
Passenger can request for nearest bus stops from
current location so they reach to the bus stop
according to their time.
Passenger can enter source, destination and time so
they see available buses from bus stop according
their time.
If passenger want to navigate the bus through map
then they can do this.
If passenger want to see the Drivers detail then they
can see it.

Copyright 2015 IJTEEE.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY ENHANCEMENTS AND EMERGING ENGINEERING RESEARCH, VOL 3, ISSUE 04
ISSN 2347-4289

Figure 2. Screenshort of Android Application

Figure 3. Screenshort of Search by Address

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY ENHANCEMENTS AND EMERGING ENGINEERING RESEARCH, VOL 3, ISSUE 04
ISSN 2347-4289

96

Figure 5. Screenshot of Driver Application

CONCLUSION

The project titled Enhancing the functionality of Bus Monitoring and Tracking System is the system for Bus tracking and
routing with the help of Android device. Bus Tracking System
resulted in improving overall productivity. System provides
better scheduling or route planning can enable Bus station to
handle larger jobs loads within a particular time. Bus tracking
and routing both in case of personal as well as business purpose improves safety and security, communication medium,
performance monitoring and increases productivity. The system also reduces waiting time on Bus stop and provides
shortest route bus from source bus stop to destination bus
stop. The proposed system has a bright future in transportation field as it finds out the shortest path and takes the user to
the destination in minimum time thus reducing his waiting time.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
We would like to express our sincere gratitude for the assistance and support of a number of people who helped us. We
are thankful to Prof. Kranti Dive, Department of Computer Engineering, MIT College of Engineering, our internal guide for
her valuable guidance that she provided us at various stages
throughout the project work. She has been a source of motivation enabling us to give our best efforts in this project. We are
also grateful to Prof. R. K. Bedi, Head of Computer Department, MIT College of Engineering and other staff members for
encouraging us and rendering all possible help, assistance
and facilities.
Figure 4. Screenshot of Destination Bus Station
iii. Android Application for Driver
In this application, Android device is placed in Bus and on
same device we provide login and log out function for Driver.

REFERENCES
[1] M. A. HANNAN, A. M. MUSTAPHA, A. HUSSAIN and
H. BASRI, Intelligent Bus Monitoring and Management System, WCECS 2012, October 24-26, 2012,
San Francisco, USA
[2] Ben Ammar Hatem, Hamam Habib, Bus Management System Using RFID in WSN, European and
Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems

Copyright 2015 IJTEEE.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY ENHANCEMENTS AND EMERGING ENGINEERING RESEARCH, VOL 3, ISSUE 04
ISSN 2347-4289

2010
[3] Bus Transport in Singapore [Online]. Avaible:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bus_transport_in_Singapo
re
[4] Buses in London [Online]. Available:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_bus
[5] Transport for London [Online]. Available:
http://www.tfl.gov.uk/
[6] J. Biagioni, T. Gerlich, T. Merrifield, and J. Eriksson,
Easytracker:Automatic transit tracking, mapping, and
arrival time prediction using smartphones, in Proc.
ACM SenSys, 2011, pp. 114.
[7] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IR2 Tree algorithm
[8] How Long to Wait? Predicting Bus Arrival Time With
Mobile Phone Based Participatory Sensing.
[9] Pengfei Zhou, Student Member, IEEE, Yuanqing
Zheng, Student Member, IEEE, and Mo Li, Member,
IEEE
[10] RFID based Intelligent bus Management and Monitoring system, Komal Agarwal, Kranti Dive IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and
Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308

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