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9/27/2014

EUP222/3 ENGINEERSINSOCIETY
(Jurutera dalam Masyarakat)

Lawforengineers
(EnvironmentalAct)
Assoc.Prof.Dr Mohd Suffian Yusoff

INTRODUCTION

Inthepromotionofenvironmentallysoundand
sustainabledevelopment,ourcountryhasestablished
thenecessarylegalandinstitutionalarrangementssuch
thatenvironmentalfactorsareconsideredattheearly
stagesofprojectplanning.
Withreferencetothelicensingrequirementsfor
establishmentofbusiness/industryinthecountry,
environmentalrequirementsneedtobeobtainedafter
abusinessorindustryhasbeenregistered.

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NATIONALPOLICYONTHE
ENVIRONMENT
TheNationalPolicyontheEnvironmentwhich
integratesthethreeelementsofsustainable
development:economic,socialandcultural
developmentandenvironmentalconservation
wasformulatedandapprovedin2002.
ThePolicyaimsatcontinuedeconomic,social
andculturalprogressandenhancementofthe
qualityoflifeofMalaysiansthrough
environmentallysoundandsustainable
development.

Itisbasedin8supportingprinciples:
StewardshipoftheEnvironment
ConservationoftheNaturesVitalityandDiversity
ContinuousImprovementintheQualityofthe
Environment
SustainableUseofNaturalResources
IntegratedDecisionmaking
RoleofthePrivateSector
CommitmentandAccountability
ActiveParticipationintheInternationalCommunity

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RELATIONSHIP
Earth

Nature

Human

Leopolds Land Ethics if man wants to survive and to preserve


other species he has to change his own behaviour, get rid of the
pretension to be the king of nature and cultivate new habits that
help to care for the natural environment

THEORY

People

Nature

Activities
Behavior

Impact
Responds

Ecological
Ethics
Human interaction with nature and earth and the impact of his activities
Moral need to consider regulations with respect to nature
Ones right to live is the same as the other members of the Earth: soil, water,
plants and animals
Stresses the priority of human values: nature as unique and integral on a
planetary scale and the preservation of nature is a common task and care for all
humankind

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THEORIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS


Leopold

It is not sufficient to consider only the interests of humankind and take no care
of ecological equilibrium; rather a new and more balanced ethics must be built.
Any behavior favorable to keeping the integrity and stability of flora and fauna
is right and good, otherwise it is wrong and evil.

KennethE.Goodpaster Environmental problem is a huge crisis for the 21st century.


FromEgoismto
Emphasized that humankind must change its attitude from egoism and
Environmentalism
chauvinism towards nature and survive

Prof.PaulTaylorof
PrincetonUniversity

Schweizer

AncientChinese
philosophy

The natural world as an interdependent system in which humans are members


of the earths life community.
As every living entity as unique and cannot be replaced, therefore we must
respect nature, respect life.

There should exist a moral standard between man and nature,


without this elementary ethical principle no adequate ethics can
be formed.
all life is the great creation of nature and should be respected
with great care
The relation between man and nature should be a close and
mutually appreciative as with an organism.
"Dao (Buddha) is present everywhere. Everywhere on earth, be it large or small,
whether alike or lifeless, has a reason for existence. Therefore we should respect
to life and nature and everything on earth should be treated equally

THEORIES - TAKEAWAYS
Human, Earth and Nature make up an organic system of interdependence, or
one world or commonwealth. Mankind is a member of the earths life of
community, expressed as a global village. According to an old Chinese saying,
the members of a community should cross a river in the same boat, meaning
that people in the same community should help each other.

Man and nature should constitute a partnership in which each depends


on the other, helps each other, not a relation of conqueror and
conquered or master and slave
Natural things do not exist for man, but have their own internal
objective. Humans must not substitute their own objectives for those of
nature, but must respect nature, respect life.
It is necessary to overcome the idea of human egoism and to advocate
that everything on earth is equal and in harmony.

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IslamicView

Corruption(Mischief) hasappearedthroughoutthe
landandseaby[reasonof]whatthehandsofpeople
haveearnedsothat(Allah)mayletthemtastepartof
[theconsequenceof]whattheyhavedonethat
perhapstheywillreturn[torighteousness].
Surat ArRoom (TheRomans):41

EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

1980s Global
Impact

1990s
Heightened
Awareness

Regulated
practices
towards
sustainable
development

1970s Local
impact
1950s Economic
reconstruction

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EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION


Environmental pollution
Rapid industrialisation in
1950s to 1970s

Ecological Crisis

Globalised Impact

EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

International
symposium
(on the
environment)
1968 Italian
Academy

First international symposium on the


ecological crisis
Discussed the present environmental
situation
Attended by 30 specialists from 10
countries of Asia and the West
Formed the Club of Rome joined by
100 scholars from over 40 countries
to assess the environmental pollution
impact onto the world

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GLOBAL REQUIREMENT

DeclarationoftheUnitedNations
ConferenceonHumanEnvironment,
Stockholm1972
Recognised the need to adopt measures
for the protection of environment
Environment includes the totality of
nature and natural resources, including
the cultural heritage and the manmade
infrastructure
to
facilitate
the
development of socioeconomic activities

LEGAL FRAMEWORK Before 1974


Water
Enactment
1920(Act
418)

Tocontrolandprohibitdisruptionofrivers,soasnotto
interferewiththesmoothflowofwater
Restrictionofdischargesofspecificsubstancesintothe
riverwhichmightbedetrimentaltothebeneficialuse
oftheriverwatersthroughoutPeninsularMalaysia

Forest
Enactment
Act1934
Cap153

Establishmentofforestreservesandcontrolinlogging
activities
Controlinloggingactivities

Landand
Conservation

Act1960

Aimedatconservinghilllandandtheprotectionofsoil
fromerosionandinroadsofsilt
Prohibitsplantingofshorttermcropsonanyhillland

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LEGAL FRAMEWORK Before 1974 (cont)


MiningAct

Controlsdischargesfrommining
activities

Poisons
Ordinance
1952

RegulatesuseofToxicsubstances

Merchant
Shipping
Ordinance

Governsmarinepollutionbyvessels

LEGAL FRAMEWORK Before 1974 (cont)

Issues
Unable to curb soaring environmental
problems due to rapid advancement of
modern industries and technologies
Existing legislations was not to address
environmental concerns but mainly on
other specific activities
Largely sectoral in focusing specific
areas and activities

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ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT 1974

Gezetted on14March1974
AnActrelatingtothe
prevention,abatement,
controlofpollutionand
enhancementofthe
environment,andforthe
purposesconnectedtherewith

ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT 1974


EnvironmentalQuality(Amendment)Act1985
ActA636

10Jan1986

EnvironmentalQuality(Amendment)Act1996
ActA953

01August1996

EnvironmentalQuality(Amendment)Act1998
Act1030

21August2001

EnvironmentalQuality(Amendment)Act2001
ActA1102

28June2001,19July2001

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ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT 1974


EnvironmentalQuality(Amendment)Act2007

ActA1315

30August2007

EnvironmentalQuality(Amendment)Act2012

Act1441

16August2012

POLICY FRAMEWORK

Vision2020

BaselConvention
(Movementof
HazardousWaste&
Disposal)

Conventionof
ClimateChange
andBiodiversity

National
DevelopmentPlan
Environmental
policies

The various national policies and international development impacts environmental


management policies and regulations
2002 National Policy on Environment to provide policy framework towards
coordinated environmental management efforts

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ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT 1974

EQA1974(Act
127)

Part1:Preliminary
PartII:Administration
PartIII:Licenses
PartIV:ProhibitionandControlof
Pollution
PartIVA:ControlofScheduledWastes
PartV:AppealandAppealBoard
PartVA:PaymentofCess and
EnvironmentalFund
PartVI:Miscellaneous

Governed by 35 regulations to regulate specific activities and impact onto


the environment

ELEMENTS COVERED UNDER EQA 1974

Noise

Water

Industrial
wastes

Air
EQA1974

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EXAMPLES OF REGULATIONS UNDER EQA 1974


Environmental Quality (Licensing) Regulations 1977

Environmental Quality (Control of Emissions from Petrol Engines)


Regulations 1996

Environmental Quality (Delegation of Powers) (Investigation of Open


Burning) Order 2000

Environmental Quality (Declared Activities) (Open Burning) Order 2003

Environmental Quality (Appeal Board) Regulations 2003

REGULATIONS UNDER EQA1974 (related to EIA)


Environmental Quality (Clean Air ) Regulations 1978
Environmental Quality (Sewage and Industrial Effluents) Regulations
1979
Environmental Quality (Prescribed Activities) (Environmental Impact
Assessment) Order 1987
Environmental Quality (Scheduled Wastes) Regulations 1989
Environmental Quality (Prescribed Premises) (Scheduled Wastes
Treatment and Disposal Facilities) Order 1989
Environmental Quality (Prescribed Premises) (Scheduled Wastes
Treatment and Disposal Facilities) Regulations 1989

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LatestNewRegulation
EQ(AppealBoard)Regulations2003
EQ(ControlofEmissionfromMotorcycles)Regulations
2003
EQ(DioxinandFuran)Regulations2004
EQ(ScheduledWastes)Regulations2005
EQ(ControlofPetrolandDieselProperties)Regulations
2007
EQ(IndustrialEffluent)Regulations2009
EQ(Sewage)Regulations2009
EQ(ControlofSolidWastefromTransferStationand
Landfill)Regulations2009
EQ(CleanAirRegulations)2014

REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
Director
General of
DOE

Ministry with
advise from
Environment
Council
Grant,
renew,
transfer,
revoke
licenses
Issuance of
licenses
with
conditions

Director
General of
DOE

Regulate
prescribed
premises

Assessment
of activities
Director
General of
DOE

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PENALTY

Failure to hold a license for prescribed premises


Failure to comply with conditions of license
Contravention of monitoring conditions
Alterations of licensed equipment
Alterations of vehicles, ship or premise to become
prescribed conveyances or premises

LICENSING REQUIREMENT

S.16(2)ofEQA1974
Any holder of a license who contravenes
subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and
shall be liable to a fine not exceeding twenty
five thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a
period of not exceeding two years or to both,
and to a further fine of one thousand ringgit
for every day that the offence is continued
after a notice by the Director General requiring
him to comply with such term or condition
specified therein has been served upon him

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COMPOUNDING OF OFFENCES
S.45ofEQA1974
(1)The Director General or any Deputy Director General,
or any other public officer or any local authority to whom
the Director General has delegated such power in
writing, may compound any offence under this Act or the
regulations made thereunder which is prescribed by the
Minister to be a compoundable offence by accepting
from the person reasonably suspected of having
committed the offence a sum of money not exceeding
two thousand ringgit
(2) The Minister may make rules to prescribe the method
and procedure for compounding such offences

ENFORCEMENT CONCEPT

Preventionis
betterthan
cure
Cradletograve

Assessment

Applicationof
License
Basedonrequirement
Shallnotlikelycause
adverseimpacttothe
environment

Compound
Monitoring
compliance
Audits,checks

Basedonextentofnon
conformanceordamage
Includesmakinggoodof
thesituation

Enforcement

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APPEAL
S.35ofEQA1974
(1)Any person who is aggrieved by:
a. Refusal to grant a license or transfer license
b. The imposition of any condition, limitation or restriction
on his license
c. The revocation, suspension or variation of his license
d. The amount which he would be required to pay under
section 47
e. Any decision of the Director General under subsection )3)
or (4) of section 34 A, and
f. Any decision of the Director General or any officer under
subsection (2) or (5) of section 48A
may within such time and in such manner as may be
prescribed, appeal to the Appeal Board

APPEAL BOARD
EnvironmentalQuality(AppealBoard)Regulations2003
Regulation

Chairman
DeputyChairman
Members Member

Power

Tohearappellantinpersonorhisrepresentatives
Consideranyadditionalevidenceordocuments
Toawardcostormakeorderinrespecttotheappeal

Noticetoappeal Within30daysofdateofdecisioncommunicatedtoappellant

Duration Groundsofappeal within30daysaftersubmissionofnotice

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APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTOR GENERAL


S3(1)EQA1974
There shall be a Director General of Environmental Quality who
shall be appointed by the Minister from amongst members of the
public service and whose powers, duties and functions shall be .

This led to the formation of the Department of Environment as the


enforcement agency of EQA 1974

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT

DOEasEnforcementAgency
Institutionalised in 1975
Main role is to prevent, control and
abate
pollution
through
the
enforcement of the EQA,1974 and its 34
subsidiary legislations made thereunder
The principal agency entrusted to
administer the EQA 1974 and its
subsidiary legislations

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DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT
Appointment

Scope

Rolesand
Responsibilities

Established in 1975, EQA 1974


15 state offices, 26 branch offices
Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment
(now know as Green Technology and Water)

Mission To ensure sustainable development in the


process of nation building
Air, Noise, Water, Marine, Hazardous substances
Cradle to grave concept source generator has to
ensure the source does not have adverse impact
onto the environment throughout its life

Prevention, control and abatement of pollution


through the enforcement of the Environmental
Quality Act of 1974 and its subsidiary legislations

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT

Environmental
Quality
Council

Established on 12 April 1977 under Section 4(1)of the


Environmental Quality Act, 1974
Advise the Ministry on matters pertaining to the Act
Provides policy guidance to the DOE the formulation
of policies and strategies towards a more holistic
approach to environmental management

Environment
Instituteof
Malaysia
(EiMAS)

Assist in raising the level of public awareness on the


importance of environmental conservation efforts
Trainings for Policies, Tools and development
Provides certification for competent Environment
practitioner
Provides training for certification

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ENVIRONMENTALQUALITYACT,1974
Thelegislationthatisrelatedtotheprevention,
abatement,controlofpollutionandenhancementof
theenvironmentinMalaysiaistheEnvironmental
QualityAct,1974.
Todate38setsofRegulationsandOrdershavebeen
introducedandenforced.

ENVIRONMENTALREQUIREMENTS

UndertheEnvironmentalQualityAct(EQA),
1974andtheRegulationsthereunder,industrial
activitiesarerequiredtoobtainseveral
approvalsfromtheDirectorGeneralof
EnvironmentalQualitypriortoproject
implementation.

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(a)EnvironmentalImpactAssessmentreports
underSection34AoftheEQA,1974(for
prescribedactivities);
(b)Sitesuitabilityevaluation(fornon
prescribedactivities);
(c)Writtenpermissiontoconstructunder
Section19oftheEQA,1974(forprescribed
premisesscheduledwastestreatmentand
disposalfacilities,solidwastestreatment
anddisposalfacilitiescrudepalmoilmillsand
rawnaturalrubberprocessingmills);

d)Writtenapprovalforinstallationof
incinerator,fuelburningequipmentand
chimney underEnvironmentalQuality
(CleanAir)Regulation,1978,EQA,1974;and
(e)Licensetouseandoccupyprescribed
premisesandprescribedconveyances
underSection18oftheEQA,1974.

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ENVIRONMENTALIMPACTASSESSMENT
(EIA)FORPRESCRIBEDACTIVITIES
AllprescribedactivitiesneedtoobtainEIAapproval
fromtheDirectorGeneralofEnvironmentpriorto
thegivingofapprovalbytherelevantFederalor
StateGovernmentauthorityforthe
implementationoftheproject.
Iftheproposedventureiscategorised asa
prescribedactivityundertheEnvironmental
Quality(PrescribedActivities)(Environmental
ImpactAssessment)Order1987,anEIAstudy
needstobeconducted.

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Duetothesensitivityoftheprojectand
pollutingpotential(significantimpacts)from
theconstructionand/oroperations,someof
theprescribedactivitieshavebeenrequiredto
gothroughtheDetailedEIAProcedureswhich
involvespublicparticipation.

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EIAStudyandReport
AnEIAStudyhastobeconductedbycompetent
individualswhoareregisteredwiththeDepartment
ofEnvironmentundertheEIAConsultant
RegistrationScheme.
TheprojectproponentorEIAstudyteamleaderhas
toensurethatallmembersintheEIAstudyteam
areregisteredwiththeDepartmentof
Environment.
ThepreparationofEIAreportsshallbein
accordancewiththeguidelinesprescribedand
otherrelevantguidelinespublishedbyother
agencies.

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EIAProcedure
TherearetwoEIAproceduresadoptedin
Malaysia:
thePreliminaryEIAand
theDetailedEIA

PreliminaryEIAisassessmentofimpactsdueto
thoseactivitiesthatareprescribed.
ThePreliminaryEIAreportisreviewedbya
TechnicalCommitteeconsistingoftheDepartment
ofEnvironmentStateOfficesandotherrelevant
governmentagencies.
ThenumberofPreliminaryEIAreporttobe
submittedtotheDepartmentofEnvironmentState
Officesforreviewis12copies,
and3copiesplus2softcopiesoftheExecutive
SummaryofthePreliminaryEIAreport,tothe
DepartmentofEnvironmentHeadquartersand
relevantStateOffice.

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DetailedEIAisaprocedureundertakenforthose
projectswithmajor/significantimpactstothe
environment.
TheDetailedEIAinvolvesEIAreportdisplayforthe
publicandaffectedcommunitytocomment.
Forprojectswhichhavebeendeterminedto
requireaDetailedEIA,theprojectinitiatormust
submitthetermsofreference(TOR)forDOEs
approval,inaccordancetotheformatoutlinedin
specificEIAguidelines.

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ThenumberofcopiesofTORtobe
submittedtotheDepartmentof
Environmentis35copies.
ThenumberofDetailedEIAreporttobe
submittedtotheDepartmentof
EnvironmentHeadquartersforreviewis50
copies.

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TheEIAgenerallywouldassistindeterminingsite
suitabilityaswellasthenecessaryenvironmental
controlandmitigationmeasures.Theobjectivesof
EIAare:
Toexamineandselectthebestfromtheproject
optionsavailable;
Toidentify,predictandassesssignificantresidual
environmentalimpacts;
Torecommendandincorporateintotheproject
plan,appropriateabatementandmitigating
measures;and
Toidentifytheenvironmentalcostsandbenefitsof
theprojecttothecommunity.

SITESUITABILITYEVALUATIONFOR
NONPRESCRIBEDACTIVITIES
Irrespectiveofwhethertheproposedindustrialactivityis
goingtobesitedwithinanindustrialestateorotherwise,it
shouldbedevelopedandmanagedwithenvironmentally
soundcontrolmeasures.
theSmallandMediumScaleIndustries(SMIs),areadvised
torefertotheDepartmentofEnvironmentfor
considerationandadviceonsitesuitability.
Thesiteisevaluatedintermsofitscompatibilitywith
respecttothegazetted structure/localplans,surrounding
landuse,provisionofsetbacksorbufferzones,thecapacity
oftheareatoreceiveadditionalpollutionload,andwaste
disposalrequirements.

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WRITTENPERMISSION
Anypersonintendingtocarryoutactivitiesaslistedbelow
shallobtainpriorwrittenpermissionfromtheDirectorGeneral
ofEnvironmentalQuality:
Constructiononanylandoranybuilding;orcarryingoutworks
thatwouldcausethelandorbuildingtobecomeprescribed
premisesasstipulatedunderSection19oftheEnvironmental
QualityAct,1974:
(a)scheduledwastestreatmentanddisposalfacilities
(b)crudepalmoilmills
(c)rawnaturalrubberprocessingmills
Suchapplicationhastobeaccompaniedbyaprescribedfee.

WRITTENAPPROVAL
Applicantsintendingtocarryoutactivitiesaslistedbelowshallobtainprior
writtenapprovalfromtheDirectorGeneralofEnvironmentQuality:
(a)NewinstallationneardwellingareaasdetailedoutinRegulation4and
FirstScheduleoftheEnvironmentalQuality(CleanAir)Regulations1978.
(b)Anyerection(includingincinerators),installation,resiting oralteration
offuelburningequipmentthatisratedtoconsumepulverised fuelorsolid
fuelat30kgormoreperhour,orliquidorgaseousfuelat15kgormore
perhourasstipulatedinRegulations36and38oftheEnvironmental
Quality(CleanAir)Regulations1978
(c)Anyerection,installation,resiting,oralterationofanychimneyfromor
throughwhichairimpuritiesmaybeemittedordischarged,respectively
Nofeeimposedfortheapplicationofwrittenapproval.

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LICENCETOOCCUPYPRESCRIBEDPREMISES
ANDPRESCRIBEDCONVEYANCES
Alicence isrequiredtooccupyandoperateprescribedpremises
namelyasbelow:
(a)crudepalmoilmills,
(b)rawnaturalrubberprocessingmills,and
(c)treatmentanddisposalfacilitiesofscheduledwastes
Applicationshallbemadeafterobtainingwrittenpermissionand
writtenapproval.
Licensingfeewillbechargedforeverylicence issuedforpalm
oil,rawnaturalrubberprocessingmillsandfacilitiesfor
treatmentanddisposalofschedulewaste,andprescribed
conveyances.

Startingfrom15August2005,licence isrequiredto
useprescribedconveyancesasstipulatedinthe
EnvironmentalQuality(PrescribedConveyance)
(ScheduledWastes)Order2005.
Applicationsforthelicence shallbemadeafter
obtainingwrittenpermissionand/orwritten
approval.

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NOTIFICATIONFORANEWSOURCEOF
SEWAGE,INDUSTRIALEFFLUENTSAND
LEACHATEDISCHARGEORRELEASE
Nopersonshall,withoutpriorwrittennotificationto
theDirectorGeneral,dischargeorreleaseorpermit
thedischargeorreleaseofsewageontoorintoany
soil,oranyinlandwatersorMalaysianwaters.
ThewrittennotificationtotheDirectorGeneralshall
beintheformasspecifiedintheFirstScheduleofthe
EnvironmentalQuality(Sewage)Regulations,2009
(P.U.(A)432/2009).

Nopersonshall,withoutpriorwrittennotificationto
theDirectorGeneral,carryoutanyworkonanysolid
wastetransferstationorlandfill,orconstructonany
landanyfacilityorbuildingthatmayresultinanew
sourceofleachatedischargeorrelease.
ThewrittennotificationtotheDirectorGeneralshall
beaccompaniedbytheinformationasas specifiedin
theFirstScheduleoftheEnvironmentalQuality
(ControlofPollutionFromSolidWasteTransfer
StationAndLandfill)Regulations,2009(P.U.(A)
433/2009).

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Nopersonshall,withoutpriorwrittennotificationtotheDirector
General
carryoutanyworkonanypremisesthatmayresultinanew
sourceofdischargeofindustrialeffluentormixedeffluent;
constructonanyland,buildingorfacilitydesignedorusedfora
purposethatmaycausethelandorbuildingorfacilitytoresultin
anewsourceofdischargeofindustrialeffluentormixedeffluent;
makeorcauseorpermittobemadeanychangeof,to,orinany
plant,machine,orequipmentusedorinstalledatthepremises
thatcausesamaterialchangeinthequantityorqualityofthe
dischargeorreleasefromanexistingsource;or
carryoutupgradingworkofanexistingindustrialeffluent
treatmentsystemthatmayresultinamaterialchangeinthe
quantityandqualityofthedischargeorrelease.
Thewrittennotificationtocarryoutanywork,construction,or
upgrading,ortomakeanychangeshallbesubmittedtotheDirector
GeneralintheformasspecifiedintheSecondScheduleofthe
(IndustrialEffluent)Regulations,2009(P.U.(A)434/2009).

SEWAGE,INDUSTRIALEFFLUENT
ANDLEACHATEDISCHARGE
Industriesdischargingsewage,industrialeffluentand
leachatearerequiredtocomplywiththefollowing
relevantdischargelimitsasstipulatedintheirrespective
regulations:
(a) Sewagedischargestandards.
(b) Industrial effluentdischarge limits.
(c) Leachatedischargestandards.

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GASEOUSEMISSION
Forindustriesemittinggaseousandairemission,theyare
requiredtocomplywiththefollowingairemissionstandards
forthecontrolofairpollutionandgaseousemissions:
(a)StackGasEmissionStandardsfromEnvironmental
Quality(CleanAir)Regulations1978
(b)RecommendedMalaysianAirQualityGuidelines
(AmbientStandards)
AllindustrialprojectssubjecttoEIAshallbedesignedand
operatedusingBestAvailableTechniques(BAT)inachievinga
highandacceptablelevelofprotectionfortheenvironment

SCHEDULEDWASTESMANAGEMENT
Acomprehensivesetoflegalprovisionsrelatedtothemanagement
oftoxicandhazardouswasteshasbeendeveloped.
Afacilitywhichgenerates,stores,transports,treatsordisposes
scheduledwasteissubjecttothefollowingregulations:
(a)EnvironmentalQuality(ScheduledWastes)Regulations2005;
(b)EnvironmentalQuality(PrescribedConveyance)(Scheduled
Wastes)Order2005;
(c)EnvironmentalQuality(PrescribedPremises)(ScheduledWastes
TreatmentandDisposalFacilities)Order1989;
(d)EnvironmentalQuality(PrescribedPremises)(ScheduledWaste
TreatmentandDisposalFacilities)Regulations1989;
(e)Customs(ProhibitionofExport)Order(Amendment)(No.2)
1993,and;
(f)Customs(ProhibitionofImport)Order(Amendment)(No.2)
1993.

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INCENTIVES
ForTheStorage,TreatmentAndDisposalOrToxicAnd
HazardousWastes
extendsthecurrentimportdutyandsalestax
exemptionschemeformachinery,equipment,raw
materialsandcomponents
ForTheInstallationOfPollutionControlEquipment
Aninitialrate40%andanannualrateof20%forthe
qualifyingplantsstipulateunderSchedule3ofIncome
TaxAct1997.

CONCLUSIONS
togiveattentiontosomeofthefollowingaspectsof
pollutioncontrolduringtheearlyplanningstageof
projects:
lookintopollutioncontrolmeasuresasearlyasat
theprefeasibilitystudystage;
findpossiblemodificationsintheprocesslinethat
canminimise wastegeneration;
pollutionpreventiontobeviewedasimportantas
productionprocess;
engageincleanerproduction;and
considerrecyclingoptionasfaraspossible

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Engineersshouldbeawarethat
environmentalissuesarenowagrowing
concernallovertheworld.
Today,thepublicdemandsabetterqualityof
lifeandenvironment.
Therefore,engineershouldnotonlywork
towardscomplyingwiththelawbutalsoto
fulfilltheirpublicobligations.

THANKS
suffian@usm.my

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