You are on page 1of 36

SMCC

- HK JO

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


F O R
CONTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT
(UNDERGROUND SECTION CP-106)

SOIL DATA FOR CP - 106


1. DUKUH ATAS STATION
2. TUNNEL SECTION
3. BUNDERAN HI

SEPTEMBER 2013

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


FOR
CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT
UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

TABLE OF CONTENT
1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1

Project Content

2.0 SOIL INVESTIGATION WORK


2.1

Location of Boreholes

2.2

Exploratory Drilling

2.3

Standard Penetration Test

2.4

Undisturbed Soil Sampling

2.5

Pressuremeter (LLT) Test

2.6

Insitu Permeability Test

12

2.7

Seismic Downhole Test

12

2.8

Laboratory Tests

18

APPENDIX

A.1 DUKUH ATAS STATION


Field Test Results
-- Cross Sectional Profiles
-- Log of Borings
-- Photographs of Core Samples
-- Pressuremeter (LLT) Test
-- Casagrande and Permeability Test
-- Downhole Seismic Test
Laboratory Test Results
-- Summary of Test
-- Grain Size Distribution
-- Unconfined Compression Test

A.1 TUNNEL SECTION


Field Test Results
-- Cross Sectional Profiles
-- Log of Borings
-- Photographs of Core Samples
-- Pressuremeter (LLT) Test
-- Casagrande and Permeability Test
-- Downhole Seismic Test
Laboratory Test Results
-- Summary of Test
-- Grain Size Distribution
-- Unconfined Compression Test

A.1 BUNDERAN HI STATION


Field Test Results
-- Cross Sectional Profiles
-- Log of Borings
-- Photographs of Core Samples
-- Pressuremeter (LLT) Test
-- Casagrande and Permeability Test
-- Downhole Seismic Test
Laboratory Test Results
-- Summary of Test
-- Grain Size Distribution
-- Unconfined Compression Test
-- Consolidation Test

APPENDIX

B EQUIPMENT AND METHOD USED IN THIS INVESTIGATION


-- Exploratory Drilling Machine
-- Undisturbed Sampling
-- Standard Penetration Test
-- Pressuremeter Test
-- Downhole Seismic Test
-- Permeability Test

ii

Soil Investigation Report


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


FOR
CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT
UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

1.0 INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this soil investigation work is to obtain subsurface of the deeper soil layers, in
particular at the underground section of CP106 which includes the Dukuh Atas,

Bunderan HI

Stations, and the tunnel section between the two stations.

The Soil Investigation includes drilling at eighteen locations and performing in-situ lateral Load Tests
(LLT), Standard Penetration Test, undisturbed sampling, Downhole seismic Logging Test, and
performing permeability tests in the sand layers
The recovered

undisturbed soil samples were tested in the

laboratory for their index and

mechanical properties .
This report presents all data of the soil investigation

1.1 PROJECT CONTENT


Following are the features of this soil investigation work:
a. Name of Project

: Soil Investigation at MRT Underground Section CP106


at Stations :Dukuh Atas and Bunderan HI and part of tunne between
the above stations.

c. Main Contractor

: SMCC - HK JO

d. Geotechnical Contractor

: P.T. SOFOCO (Soil & Foundation Engineering Corporation)

e. Scope of work
I Field Work
Wash-boring at 19 boreholes to 25m ~60m depth
Core Drilling at 3 boreholes to 17 ~ 36m depth
Standard Penetration Test
561 nos
Cone Penetratio test
4 nos
Downhole Seismic Logging Test .
3 nos
Undisturbed Thin Walled Sampling
121 nos
Pressuremeter Test
46 nos
In Situ Permeability Test
7nos
II Laboratory tests on undisturbed samples
Index properties : Sieve Analysis, Liquid and
Plastic Limits, Moisture Content , Bulk and
Dry Density, Void Ratio , Wet Unit Weight
Uniaxial Unconfined Compression (Uc) Test
Consolidation Test
Chemical Test

121 nos
104 nos
5 nos
12 nos

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

2. SOIL INVESTIGATION WORK


The soil investigation work consists of 19 boreholes that were carried out along the proposed
underground railway track at the Dukuh Atas to the proposed BUnderan HI station

Figure 1.1 Location Map of Boreholes at Dukuh Atas Station

Figure 1.2 Location Map of Boreholes at Bunderan HI Station - 1

Figure 1.2 Location Map of Boreholes at Bunderan HI Station -2

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

The positions of the boreholes and their elevation and chainage is shown in the following Table 1.
Table 1. Location of Boreholes

No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

8
9
10
11

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

Section
DUKUHATAS
STATION

TUNNEL

BUNDERANHI
STATION

BoreholeNo.
106BR1
106BR2
106BR3
106BR4
106BR5
106BR6
106BR7

106BR21REV
106BR21
106BR22
106BR23

106BR11
106BR12
106BR13
106BR14
106BR15
106BR16
106BR17
106BR18

Easting(X)
701663.901
701673.718
701673.718
701682.892
701690.883
701688.912
701664.500

701590.249
701609.420
701620.826
701717.323

701713.173
701673.718
701710.385
701709.215
701707.823
701706.105
701706.944
701705.967

Northing(Y)
9314121.169
9314220.225
9314220.225
9314263.773
9314314.892
9314176.912
9314187.508

9313453.243
9313583.387
9313839.795
9314816.887

9315025.132
9314220.225
9315136.459
9315201.035
9315255.609
9315368.927
9315427.511
9315398.24

Elevation
6.198
4.464
4.766
4.6
4.586
9.387
4.632

11.188
10.854
10.831
4.471

4.86
4.766
4.688
4.576
4.514
4.565
3.632
3.918

2.2 Exploratory Drilling


Four rotary-type drilling machines were mobilized to perform the exploratory drilling at 19 locations.
The boreholes were advanced by rotary core drilling method as described in Appendix C.I.
The diameter of the borehole was 89 mm and the cores are 70mm.
The cores were placed in coreboxes for visual classification and identification of the soils
encountered.
2.3 Standard Penetration Test
The standard penetration tests (SPT) were performed to determine the consistency of the subsoil
and to obtain soil samples for visual description. The tests were carried out at every 1.5 m or 2.0
depth intervals.
The standard Automatic SPT system was used to ensure the free-fall of the SPT hammer with
constant drop energy. The drilling logs in Appendix A display the SPT N-values, i.e., the blow counts
required to penetrate the SPT split spoon sampler into the soil for the last 30cm penetration.
Appendix C.2 describes the method of the test.The result of the borehole drilling and tests are
describes in soil boring profiles, and is shown in Appendix A1. and to obtain an overall view of the
soil layers, is presented in crossectional profiles as is shown in figure 2.1 to 2.5

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Figure 2.1 Cross-sectional Soil Profile at Dukuh Atas Sstation

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Figure 2.2 Cross-Sectional Soil Profile at Dukuh Atas Station

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Figure 2.3 Cross-sectional Soil Profile at Tunnel Section

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Figure 2.4 Cross-sectional Soil Profile at Bunderan HI Station


7

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Figure 2.5 Cross-sectional Soil Profile at Bunderan HI station


8

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

2.4 Undisturbed Soil Sampling


Undisturbed soil samples were taken from selected boreholes, particularly at the underground
section of the railway line, particularly from borehole locations
Stainless steel thin walled tubes of 75mm diameter and 1000m long tubes were used to recover
cohesive soil samples and for further determination of their physical and engineering properties in
the laboratory.
The equipment and method used for sampling is presented in Appendix C.
In total fifteen undisturbed samples were recovered for further testing of soil in the laboratory.

2.5 Pressuremeter Test


The elastic properties of the soil were determined by means of the Lateral Load Test equipment in
boreholes to determine the elastic properties of the soil, such as the earth pressure at rest, yield and
failure pressure, subgrade soil reaction and elastic modulus.
The test consists of the insertion of a rubber tube probe into the borehole and by inflating the tube
their pressure and corresponding increase of the probe radius are measured.
The tests were performed by allowing two loading cycles. The linear slope of the 2nd loading cycle
was used to determined the stiffness of the soil.
Th eelastic modulus is calculated according to the following equaotion:
E = (1 +) . rm . Km
where :

E = Elastic Deformation Modulus


= Poisson Ratio
rm = radius of borehole
Kmv= Modulus Coefficient of Soil Reaction

( = P/r)

The results of the fourty four tests performed are shown in Appendix A3, and summarized as shown
in the following Table
Table 2. Summary Result of LLT Test
Test
Location

Type of soil

N-SPT

Depth
(meter)

Coefficient of
Soil Reaction
km (MN/m3)

Elastic
Modulus
Es (MN/m2)

BR-1

Soft brown Silty Clay

3.0 ~ 4.0

51.8

2.85

Stiff Brown Clayey Silt

31

8.0 ~ 9.0

368.0

20.92

Hard Brown Sandy-Clayey Silt

19

13.0 ~ 14.0

252.6

140.93

Vey Hard Black Sand

29

18.0 ~ 19.0

302.8

19.11

Very Hard Black Sandy Silt

21

23.5 ~ 24.0

1585

59.61

17

28.0 ~ 29.0

420.8

23.9

25

33.0 ~ 34.0

132.1

8.16

24

38.0 ~ 39.0

666..7

34.23

23

17.0 ~ 18.0

390.0

21.60

24

22.0 ~ 23.0

475.2

26.31

Stiff grayish Brown Clayey Silt


Medium Stiff& brown Sandy
Silt
Very Sift grayish Brown Sandy
Silt
Medium Dense blackish gray
Silty Sand

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Test
Location

Type of soil

N-SPT

Depth
(meter)

Coefficient of
Soil Reaction
km (MN/m3)

Elastic
Modulus
Es (MN/m2)

BR-3

Soft brown Silty Clay

38

5.0 ~ 6.0

156.1

58.68

Stiff Brown Clayey Silt

27

10.0 ~ 11.0

301.25

113.25

Hard Brown Sandy-Clayey Silt

22

15.0 ~ 16.0

465.0

174.8

Vey Hard Black Sand

31

20.0 ~ 21.0

86.63

32.47

Very Hard Black Sandy Silt

41

25.0 ~ 26.0

50.82

19.11

26

30.0 ~ 31.0

281.3

16.3

Stiff grayish Brown Clayey Silt

21

35.0 ~ 36.0

8074.5

30.36

Medium Stiff& brown Sandy


Silt

34

40.0 ~ 41.0

21104.1

79.3

Test
Location

Type of soil

N-SPT

Depth
(meter)

Coefficient of
Soil Reaction
km (MN/m3)

Elastic
Modulus
Es (MN/m2)

BR-4

Soft brown Silty Clay

4.5~ 5.5

34.4

2.52

Stiff Brown Clayey Silt

23

9.0 ~ 10.0

125

8.67

Hard Brown Sandy-Clayey Silt

>50

13.0~ 14.0

21557.1

81.04

Vey Hard Black Sand

23

18.0 ~ 19.0

23,910.1

89.89

Very Hard Black Sandy Silt

>50

23.0 ~ 24.0

6733.1

25.31

26

29.0 ~ 30.0

128.9

7.19

21

33.0 ~ 34.0

7,969.8

28.96

Medium Stiff& Sandy Silt

23

38.0 ~ 39.0

14,031.5

52.75

Test
Location

Type of soil

N-SPT

Depth
(meter)

Coefficient of
Soil Reaction
km (MN/m3)

Elastic
Modulus
Es (MN/m2)

BR-21

Soft brown Silty Clay

7.5 ~ 8.5

119.2

6.53

Stiff grayish Brown Clayey Silt

Stiff Brown Clayey Silt

12.5 ~ 13.5

Hard Brown Sandy-Clayey Silt

21

16.0~ 17.0

171.4

9.59

Very Hard Black Sandy Silt

23

21.5 ~ 22.5

37,314.5

140.28

BR-23

Dark Grey Fine Sand

30

16.0 ~ 17.0

263.2

16.9

Test
Location

Type of soil

N-SPT

Depth
(meter)

Coefficient of
Soil Reaction
km (MN/m3)

Elastic
Modulus
Es(MN/m2)

BR-11

Soft brown Silty Clay

2.5 ~ 3.5

56.7

3.30

Stiff Brown Sity Clay

19

7.5 ~ 8.5

81.1

4.74

Hard Brown Sandy-Cemented Silt

37

12.5 ~ 13.5

100.0

6.60

Hard Brown Clayay SILT

35

17.5 ~ 18.5

450

25.94

Hard BlackSilty Clay

15

22.5 ~ 23.5

61.7

3.65

Hard BlackSilty Clay

16

27.5 ~ 28.5

233.3

13.60

10

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

N-SPT

Depth
(meter)

Coefficient of
Soil Reaction
km (MN/m3)

Elastic
Modulus
Es(MN/m2)

Soft brown Yellowish Silty Clay

4.0 ~ 5.0

42.0

2.54

Medium Stiff Clayey Silt

18

9.0~ 10.0

337.5

16.88

Hard grey Sandy-Clayey Silt

44

14.0 ~ 15.0

350

20.30

Vey Hard Black Sand

31

19.0~ 20.0

450

25.94

Very Stiff Dark Grey Silty Clay

16

24.0 ~ 25.0

16825.2

59.24

Very Stiff Dark Grey Silty Clay

18

27.8 ~ 28.8

8854.9

31.18

V. Loose Clayey Sand

4.0 ~ 5.0

28.0

1.74

Soft Black & Brown Clay

11

9.0~ 10.0

63.7

4.49

Black Silty Cay trace Organic

14.0 ~ 15.0

32.5

2.13

Medium stiff Grey Sity Clay

19.0~ 20.0

148.9

11.47

Stiff grey Brwn Sity clay

11

25.0 ~ 26.0

54.2

4.74

Very Stiff Brown Yellowish Silty


Clay

23

29.0 ~ 30.8

12061.6

42.47

Type of soil

Test
Location
BR-15

BR-17

2.6 Insitu Permeability Test


In situ permeability tests have been performed in selected boreholes at the f tunnel location.
The test consist of inserting a steel casing to the designated depth where sand is encountered, and
after sealing the casing from possible infiltration of surface water into the borehole, then drilling at
inside the casing is performed until reaching approximately 1.0m below the bottom of casing and to
form a un-cased cylindrical shaft cavity and to enable to measure the lateral water flow.
The method used for measuring the soil permeability is by means of the falling head method.
After firstly measuring the initial level of the ground water table, then the casing is filled with water
until reaching the top of the casing pipe. The water drop-down is measured at certain time
intervals until reaching the stable or up to the first initial water level.
By tabulating, calculation and graph, the soil permeability can be determined, and the results are
shown in Appendix A.
A summary of the insitu permeability tests is shown in Table 3 below.

Test Location

Table 3 Soil Permeability by Falling Head in Sand Layer


Permeability
Type of soil
Depth
(meter)

cm/second

meter/day

BR21

v. dense Sand

21 ~ 22.0

2.62 x 10

-4

BR22

v. dense Sand

21.50

2.62 x 10

-4

BR2-Rev

v. dense Sand

16.00

5.72 x 10-5

4.95x 10-2
2.415x 10-1
8.344x 10

BR23

v. dense Sand

18.50

2.49 x 10

-4

BR15

v. dense Sand

19.00

9.66 x 10

-5

BR16

v. dense Sand

15.00

7.27 x 10-6

BR17

v. dense Sand

32.50

2.97 x 10

11

-6

-1

2.27 x 10

2.267x 10

-1

-2

6.28x 10-3
2.566x 10

-3

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

2.6 Seismic Downhole Test


In situ seismic downhole tests have been performed in three boreholes and at each Dukuh Atas
station (at BR 3), at the Tunnel Section at ( BR 15) and ( BR21),
The test consist of inserting a steel casing to the designated depth where sand is encountered, and
after sealing the casing from possible infiltration of surface water into the borehole, then drilling at

Table 4a MECHANICAL PARAMETER S FROM DOWNHOLE SEISMIC TEST AT T BOREHOLE: BR-03


*)

Poisson
Ratio

Dynamic
Shear
Modulus
(Mpa)

Dynamic
Young
Modulus
(Mpa)

Dynamic
Bulk Modulus
(Mpa)

Depth
(m)

Vp
(m/s)

Vs
(m/s)

Density
(Ton/m3)

326.1

164.8

1.72

0.328

46.7

124.2

120.6

347.5

163.8

1.72

0.357

46.2

125.3

146.1

438.4

151.5

1.72

0.432

39.5

113.1

277.9

428.0

153.1

1.72

0.427

40.3

115.1

261.3

1504.5

165.4

1.72

0.494

47.0

140.6

3,830.6

1487.7

232.4

1.72

0.487

92.9

276.3

3,683.0

1787.9

317.2

1.72

0.484

173.1

513.6

5,267.5

1868.2

352.7

1.53

0.482

190.4

564.1

5,086.0

2143.7

354.8

1.53

0.486

192.6

572.3

6,774.1

2371.2

336.3

1.53

0.490

173.1

515.7

8,371.4

10

2051.9

346.1

1.53

0.485

183.3

544.6

6,197.1

11

2137.8

341.8

1.53

0.487

178.8

531.7

6,754.1

12

2204.2

325.1

1.63

0.489

172.2

512.8

7,689.8

13

1849.4

308.6

1.63

0.486

155.2

461.2

5,367.8

14

1874.1

310.7

1.63

0.486

157.4

467.6

5,515.2

15

1893.7

278.3

1.63

0.489

126.3

376.0

5,676.8

16

1909.3

264.7

1.63

0.490

114.2

340.4

5,789.9

17

1922.0

258.6

1.63

0.491

109.0

325.0

5,875.9

18

1932.3

259.1

1.63

0.491

109.4

326.3

5,940.3

19

1940.8

259.5

1.63

0.491

109.8

327.4

5,993.7

20

1948.0

259.9

1.63

0.491

110.1

328.3

6,038.3

21

1953.9

253.7

1.63

0.491

104.9

312.8

6,083.1

22

1959.0

290.4

1.70

0.489

143.4

427.0

6,332.6

23

1963.3

290.8

1.70

0.489

143.7

428.0

6,360.8

24

2444.0

340.2

1.70

0.490

196.8

586.4

9,891.6

25

2449.6

340.6

1.70

0.490

197.3

587.9

9,937.8

26

2454.5

341.0

1.70

0.490

197.7

589.2

9,977.9

27

1975.9

291.8

1.75

0.489

149.0

443.8

6,633.4

28

1977.9

248.7

1.75

0.492

108.2

322.9

6,702.1

29

1979.8

242.8

1.75

0.492

103.1

307.8

6,721.5

30

1981.4

242.8

1.75

0.492

103.2

308.0

6,732.6

12

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Dynamic
Shear
Modulus
(Mpa)

Dynamic
Young
Modulus
(Mpa)

Dynamic
Bulk
Modulus
(Mpa)

0.493

98.4

293.9

6,748.9

1.75

0.493

94.0

280.6

6,763.7

243.0

1.75

0.492

103.3

308.4

6,759.2

1986.3

255.4

1.75

0.492

114.2

340.6

6,751.9

35

1987.2

262.1

1.75

0.491

120.3

358.6

6,750.2

36

2479.2

331.5

1.75

0.491

192.3

573.4

10,499.8

37

2480.6

342.9

1.51

0.490

177.6

529.3

9,054.9

38

2481.9

343.1

1.51

0.490

177.7

529.7

9,064.3

39

2483.1

355.3

1.51

0.490

190.6

567.9

9,055.8

40

2484.1

355.4

1.51

0.490

190.8

568.3

9,063.6

41

1991.5

343.4

1.51

0.485

178.0

528.6

5,751.4

42

1992.0

332.1

1.60

0.486

176.4

524.2

6,113.5

43

1992.4

321.5

1.60

0.487

165.4

491.6

6,131.0

44

1992.8

321.5

1.60

0.487

165.4

491.8

6,133.5

45

1993.2

321.6

1.60

0.487

165.5

492.0

6,135.7

46

1993.5

355.9

1.60

0.484

202.7

601.3

6,088.3

47

1993.8

356.0

1.70

0.484

215.4

639.1

6,470.9

48

1994.1

356.0

1.70

0.484

215.5

639.3

6,472.8

49

1994.4

343.9

1.70

0.485

201.0

596.8

6,494.0

50

1994.7

332.5

1.70

0.486

187.9

558.4

6,513.2

51

1994.9

302.4

1.70

0.488

155.5

462.7

6,558.1

52

1995.1

293.6

1.70

0.489

146.5

436.3

6,571.5

53

1995.3

277.3

1.70

0.490

130.8

389.7

6,594.0

54

2492.1

277.3

1.70

0.494

130.8

390.7

10,383.3

55

2492.4

369.5

1.70

0.489

232.0

690.9

10,251.3

56

2492.8

369.5

1.70

0.489

232.1

691.1

10,254.1

57

2493.1

369.5

1.70

0.489

232.1

691.2

10,256.7

58

2493.4

369.6

1.70

0.489

232.2

691.3

10,259.1

59

2493.6

369.6

1.70

0.489

232.2

691.4

10,261.4

2493.9

369.6

1.70

0.489

232.3

691.6

10,263.6

*)

Depth
(m)

Vp
(m/s)

Vs
(m/s)

Density
(Ton/m3)

31

1982.8

237.2

1.75

32

1984.1

231.7

33

1985.2

34

60

Poisson
Ratio

*) From laboratory test samples

13

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Table 4b MECHANICAL PARAMETER S FROM DOWNHOLE SEISMIC TEST AT T BOREHOLE: BR-15


Depth
(m)

Vp
(m/s)

Vs
(m/s)

Density*)
3
(Ton/m )

Poisson
Ratio

Dynamic
Shear
Modulus
(Mpa)

Dynamic
Young
Modulus
(Mpa)

Dynamic
Bulk
Modulus
(Mpa)

294.1

136.4

1.50

0.363

27.9

76.0

92.6

310.0

143.7

1.50

0.363

31.0

84.5

102.9

393.2

134.0

1.50

0.434

26.9

77.2

196.0

767.9

186.0

1.50

0.469

51.9

152.4

815.4

855.5

172.4

1.50

0.479

44.6

131.8

1,038.3

979.5

120.9

1.50

0.492

21.9

65.4

1,409.9

897.3

141.0

1.50

0.487

29.8

88.7

1,168.0

897.7

140.7

1.50

0.487

29.7

88.4

1,169.2

945.6

141.3

1.53

0.489

30.5

90.9

1,327.4

1834.8

176.7

1.53

0.495

47.7

142.8

5,087.1

10

1963.5

212.6

1.53

0.494

69.1

206.6

5,806.3

11

2064.3

259.7

1.53

0.492

103.2

307.8

6,382.5

12

2143.2

368.3

1.53

0.485

207.6

616.3

6,751.2

13

2205.1

376.8

1.64

0.485

232.8

691.4

7,664.3

14

1846.9

369.5

1.64

0.479

223.9

662.5

5,295.8

15

1871.0

374.3

1.64

0.479

229.8

679.8

5,434.9

16

1890.3

378.2

1.64

0.479

234.5

693.8

5,547.4

17

1905.9

321.0

1.64

0.485

169.0

502.0

5,731.7

18

1918.6

322.6

1.64

0.485

170.7

507.1

5,809.2

19

1929.1

324.0

1.64

0.485

172.1

511.4

5,873.4

20

1937.8

325.1

1.64

0.486

173.3

514.9

5,927.0

21

1945.1

326.0

1.64

0.486

174.3

517.9

5,972.1

22

1951.2

230.0

1.64

0.493

86.8

259.0

6,128.2

23

1956.5

230.2

1.64

0.493

86.9

259.6

6,161.6

24

1641.5

247.4

1.64

0.488

100.4

298.8

4,285.4

25

1643.9

241.7

1.64

0.489

95.8

285.2

4,304.3

Continue to next page

14

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Dynamic
Young
Modulus
(Mpa)

Dynamic
Bulk
Modulus
(Mpa)

102.4

304.8

4,604.7

0.490

89.2

265.8

4,632.8

1.75

0.490

93.4

278.3

4,636.3

225.9

1.75

0.490

89.3

266.3

4,649.8

1652.0

226.0

1.75

0.490

89.4

266.5

4,657.0

31

1653.2

254.8

1.75

0.488

113.6

338.0

4,631.1

32

1654.1

254.9

1.75

0.488

113.7

338.3

4,636.7

33

1655.0

255.0

1.75

0.488

113.8

338.6

4,641.8

34

1655.8

261.7

1.75

0.487

119.9

356.6

4,638.3

35

1656.6

261.8

1.60

0.487

109.7

326.3

4,244.4

36

1657.2

255.2

1.60

0.488

104.2

310.2

4,255.2

37

1657.8

262.0

1.60

0.487

109.8

326.6

4,250.9

38

1658.4

292.6

1.60

0.484

137.0

406.6

4,217.5

39

2478.8

301.5

1.60

0.492

145.5

434.2

9,637.3

40

2480.2

355.0

1.60

0.490

201.6

600.7

9,573.3

41

2481.4

355.1

1.60

0.490

201.8

601.1

9,583.0

42

2482.6

355.2

1.60

0.490

201.9

601.5

9,591.9

43

2483.6

355.4

1.60

0.490

202.0

601.9

9,600.0

44

2484.6

343.3

1.60

0.490

188.5

562.0

9,625.6

45

2485.5

332.0

1.70

0.491

187.4

558.7

10,251.9

46

2486.3

321.4

1.70

0.492

175.6

523.9

10,274.4

47

1992.5

311.5

1.70

0.487

164.9

490.7

6,529.1

48

1992.9

311.5

1.70

0.487

165.0

490.8

6,531.6

49

1993.2

302.2

1.70

0.488

155.2

462.0

6,547.0

50

1993.5

293.4

1.70

0.489

146.3

435.7

6,561.1

*)

Poisson
Ratio

Depth
(m)

Vp
(m/s)

Vs
(m/s)

Density
(Ton/m3)

26

1646.0

241.9

1.75

0.489

27

1647.8

225.7

1.75

28

1649.4

231.0

29

1650.8

30

*) From laboratory test samples

15

Dynamic
Shear
Modulus
(Mpa)

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Table 4c MECHANICAL PARAMETER S FROM DOWNHOLE SEISMIC TEST AT T BOREHOLE: BR-21


Depth
(m)

Vp
(m/s)

Vs
(m/s)

Density*)
3
(Ton/m )

Poisson
Ratio

Dynamic
Shear
Modulus
(Mpa)

Dynamic
Young
Modulus
(Mpa)

Dynamic
Bulk
Modulus
(Mpa)

361.4

100.0

1.53

0.459

15.3

44.6

179.5

340.0

100.4

1.53

0.452

15.4

44.8

156.3

353.6

149.7

1.53

0.391

34.3

95.4

145.6

728.4

161.3

1.53

0.474

39.8

117.4

758.6

794.8

167.8

1.53

0.477

43.1

127.2

909.0

646.4

166.3

1.53

0.465

42.3

123.9

583.0

708.1

187.1

1.53

0.462

53.5

156.6

695.7

754.7

159.8

1.53

0.477

39.1

115.4

819.4

734.9

161.2

1.53

0.475

39.7

117.2

773.3

704.9

129.6

1.53

0.483

25.7

76.2

726.0

10

903.5

153.4

1.53

0.485

36.0

106.9

1,200.9

11

921.8

154.7

1.53

0.486

36.6

108.7

1,251.4

12

1286.1

160.5

1.53

0.492

39.4

117.6

2,478.2

13

1311.0

273.1

1.63

0.477

121.6

359.3

2,639.2

14

1330.4

276.6

1.63

0.477

124.7

368.4

2,718.7

15

1345.7

251.7

1.63

0.482

103.3

306.1

2,814.3

16

1358.0

273.8

1.63

0.479

122.2

361.4

2,843.2

17

1368.0

275.4

1.63

0.479

123.7

365.8

2,885.3

18

1376.1

269.4

1.63

0.480

118.3

350.3

2,928.7

19

1382.8

270.5

1.63

0.480

119.2

353.0

2,957.6

20

1388.3

278.8

1.63

0.479

126.7

374.8

2,972.7

21

1393.0

279.6

1.63

0.479

127.4

376.9

2,992.9

22

1931.6

288.3

1.70

0.489

141.3

420.6

6,154.7

23

1939.2

297.4

1.70

0.488

150.4

447.4

6,192.5

24

1945.7

327.0

1.70

0.485

181.7

539.9

6,193.4

25

1951.3

350.4

1.70

0.483

208.7

619.2

6,194.3

26

1956.1

328.1

1.70

0.486

183.1

543.9

6,260.4

27

1960.2

328.6

1.70

0.486

183.6

545.4

6,287.6

28

1963.9

260.8

1.60

0.491

108.8

324.5

6,025.9

29

1967.1

340.5

1.60

0.485

185.5

550.8

5,943.7

30

1969.9

300.2

1.60

0.488

144.1

429.0

6,016.6

16

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

2.7 Laboratory Tests


The following laboratory tests were conducted for all the undisturbed soil samples and selected SPT
samples:
Index Property Tests
Unit weight
Specific gravity
Natural water content
Atterberg limits (liquid and plastic limits)
Grain size analysis
Mechanical Property Tests
Unconfined Compression Test
Unconsolidated-Undrained (UU) Triaxial Compression Test
__ Consolidation Test

The soil samples that have been recovered from the boreholes, were tested in the laboratory in
order to obtain their index as well their engineering properties. The results are tabulated as shown
in the Appendix. A summary of the soil index properties results of each borehole is presented
below:

17

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Table 5.a Summary of Laboratory Test Results at Dukuh Atas Station


18

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Table 5.b Summary of Laboratory Test Results at Dukuh Atas Station


19

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Table 5.c Summary of Laboratory Test Results at Dukuh Atas Station


20

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Table 5.d Summary of Laboratory Test Results at Tunnel Section


21

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Table 5.e Summary of Laboratory Test Results at Tunnel Section


22

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Table 5.f Summary of Laboratory Test Results at Bunderan HI Station


23

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Table 5.g Summary of Laboratory Test Results at Bunderan HI Station


24

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Table 5.h Summary of Laboratory Test Results at Bunderan HI Station

25

Soil Investigation Report


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

APPENDIX C

23

Soil Investigation Report


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

APPENDIX C.1
EXPLORATORY DRILLING
The boreholes were drilled using rotary type drilling rig. Figure B.I.I shows the general set-up of a
rotary drilling rig. The diameter of the boreholes in the present study was 89mm. Flush-jointed
casing pipes that suit the desired borehole diameter were installed to prevent the borehole wall from
collapsing and to maintain a clean hole.

24

Soil Investigation Report


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Core boring is one of the drilling method to advance the exploratory boreholes. In core boring
method, a single barrel with a crown bit is lowered to the bottom of the borehole by drill rods. The
borehole is advanced by rotating the core barrel with gentle thrust actions and, at the same time,
muddy water is pumped through the drilling bit to flush out the soil cuttings. The mud-water also
serves as the coolant for the drill bit and helps to stabilize the borehole from collapsing or caving in.
When the drilling reaches to the anticipated depth for undisturbed sampling or other in-situ tests, the
core barrel is withdrawn from the borehole and to recover the soil samples that have been retained
in the barrel.

Flush joint casing pipes that suit the desired borehole diameter were commonly installed to prevent
the borehole wall from collapsing and to maintain a clean hole. If the borehole is sunk in soil layers
having high potential of collapsing, casing pipes have to be installed immediately after the advance
of the borehole to about 0.5m above the bottom of the borehole. In stable soil layers, casing pipes
are usually installed in upper weak ground only to prevent necking of the borehole and serve as
guide pipe. Thick bentonite slurry is sometimes used as drilling fluid which can be effectively
stabilizing the borehole without the use of casing pipes.

25

Soil Investigation Report


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

APPENDIX C.2
UNDISTURBED SAMPLING
a. Open-drive Sampling Method
Open-drive sampling method is normally used to obtain soft to medium stiff cohesive soils. The
sampler consists of a thin wall tube attached to a sampler head, as shown in Figure A.1
The sampler head is equipped with a ball valve which allows water or air above the sample to
freely escape when the tube is driven into the soil. The ball valve closes the air passage and helps
retaining the sample when the sampler is pulled out from the ground. Figure B.3.2 illustrates the
sampling mechanism.

To obtain an undisturbed soil sample, a clean open borehole is drilled to the desire sampling
depth. Before the sampling operation, the borehole is carefully cleaned to the sampling depth and
the sampler is then lowered to the bottom of the borehole.

In sampling operation, the thin wall tube is pushed into the ground by mechanical jacking or driven
by SPT hammer. After the thin wall tube penetrates to the soil approximately 80% of the tube
length, it is left for a few minutes for the recovery of the adhesion between the soil sample with the
tube wall. Finally, the sampler is pulled out of the borehole. Both ends of the thin wall tube are
sealed with paraffin wax immediately after the tube is separated from the sampler head.

Figure A.1 Thin Wall Tube sampler

26

Soil Investigation Report


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

APPENDIX C.3
STANFDARD PENETRATION TEST
The purpose of performing the tests is to determine relative density or consistency of soils and to obtain
soil samples for identification A split barrel sampler of 50mm outer diameter as sown in Figure B 2 1 is
lowered to the bottom of the borehole by drill rods The sampler was then dnven45Qmm in the soil by a
o"3 5 kg automatic and self tripping free fall drive hammer, as shown in Figure B 2 2, over a height of
760mm The first 15mm penetration is regarded as the seating drive, hence the number of blows to achieve
this penetration is not included in the SPT N-value The total cumulative numbers of the blow counts
required for each 75mm of the last 300mm penetration is recorded as the N-value. The recovered soil
samples are kept in plastic jars for soil identification.

Figure A.2 Standard Penetration Sampler

27

Soil Investigation Report


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

Figure A.3. Automatic SPT Trip Hammer

28

Soil Investigation Report


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

APPENDIX C4
PRESSUREMETER TEST
The Pressuremeter Test is an in-situ apparatus to measure the relationship between ground stress
and deformation.
The pressuremeter test was using the LLT (Lateral Load Tester) type M from OYO CorporationJapan.
The apparatus consists of a probe or sonde of 70mm diameter ruber tube that is inflated at the
bottom borehole and the soil is pressurized incrementally and laterally until reaching to a maximum
shear strength where the soil has yielded.

Figure A.4.1 Typical Pressuremeter Apparatus

29

Soil Investigation Report


CONSTRUCTION OF JAKARTA MASS RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT - UNDERGROUND SECTION - CP106

APPENDIX C5
PERMEABILITY TEST
The Permeability Test shall be performed by following the Falling Head Permeability Test
and is in accordance to BS 9530-1981. The procedure of the test is as follows:
Procedure of Test
a. Drill a hole of 76mm diameter to designated depth level for permeability test
b. Install steel casing of 76 diameter into the borehole until designated depth level
c. Drill to inside casing until 1.0m below casing bottom end
d. Clean and flush the borehole by clear water
e. Measure the ground water leveling the borehole
f.

Fill clear water until the top level of casing

g. Measure the water level at elapsed time until the water level is at constant level .
h. The measurement is input in the table and based on the following eqution
permeability is determined

30

the soil