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Prestige Public School

Worksheet on Derivative as a Rate Measure


Level#01
1. A balloon, which always remains spherical, has a variable radius. Find the rate at which its volume is
increasing with respect to its radius when the radius is 7 cm.
2. Find the rate of change of the area of a circle with respect to its radius. How fast is the area changing
with respect to the radius when the radius is 3 cm?
3. A balloon, which always remain spherical has a variable diameter 3/2(2x+3). Determine the rate of
change of volume with respect to x.
4. Find the rate of change of the total surface area of a cylinder of radius r and height h, when the radius
varies.
5. Find the rate of change of the volume of a sphere with respect to its diameter.
6. Find the rate of change of the volume of a sphere with respect to its surface area when the radius is 2
cm
7. Find the rate of change of the area of a circular disc with respect to its circumference when the radius
is 3 cm.
8. Find the rate of change of the volume of a cone with respect to the radius of its base.
9. Find the rate of change of the area of a circle with respect to its radius when r = 5 cm.
10. Find the rate of change of the volume of a ball with respect to its radius. How fast is the volume
changing with respect to the radius when the radius is 2 cm?
11. The total revenue received from the sale of x units of a product is given by R(x) = 13x2 +26x +15. Find
the marginal revenue when x = 7.
12. An edge of a variable cube is increasing at the rate of 10cm/sec. How fast the volume of the cube is
increasing when the edge is 5 cm long?
13. The radius of a circle is increasing uniformly at the rate of 4 cm/sec. Find the rate at which the area of
the circle is increasing when the radius is 8 cm.
14. The radius of a balloon is increasing at the rate of 10 cm/sec. At what rate is the surface area
increasing when the radius is 15 cm.
15. A stone is dropped in to a quiet lake and waves move in a circle at a speed of 3.5 cm/sec. At the
instant the radius of the circular wave is 7.5 cm, how fast is the enclosed area increasing?
16. A particle moves along the curve 6y = x3+2. Find the points on the curve at which the y-coordinate is
changing 8 times as fast as the x-coordinate.
17. The volume of a cube is increasing at a rate of 7cm3/sec. How fast is the surface area increasing when
the length of an edge is 12 cm?
18. The volume of a cube is increasing at a constant rate. Prove that the increase in surface area varies
inversely as the length of the edge of the cube.
19. An airforce plane is ascending vertically at the rate of 100 km/h. If the radius of the earth is r km,
how fast is the area of the earth, visible from the plane, increasing at 3 minutes after it started
ascending . Given the visible area A at height h is given by A = 2r2h/(r+h)
20. A man 2 meters high, walks at a uniform speed of 6 metres per minute away from a lamp post, 5
metres high. Find the rate at which the length of his shadow increases.
21. A ladder 5 m long is leaning against a wall. The bottom of the ladder is pulled along the ground away
from the wall, at the rate of 2 m/sec. How fast its height on the wall decreasing when the foot of the
ladder is 4 m away from the wall.
22. A man walking at the rate of 6.5 km/hr towards the foot of a tower 120 m high. At what rate is he
approaching the top of the tower when he is 50 m away from the tower?
23. An inverted cone has a depth of 10 cm and a base of radius 5 cm. Water is poured into it at the rate of
3/2 c per minute. Find the rate at which the level of water in the cone is rising when the depth is 4
cm.
24. Water is dripping out from a conical funnel at a uniform rate of 4 cm3/sec through a tiny hole at the
vertex in the bottom. When the slant height of the water is 3 cm, find the rate of decrease of the slant
height of the water-cone. Given the vertical angle of the funnel is 1200.

25. A man is moving away from a tower 41.6 m high at the rate of 2 m/sec. Find the rate at which the
angle of elevation of the top of tower is changing, when he is at a distance of 30m from the foot of the
tower. Assume that the eye level of the man is 6 m from the ground.
26. The radius of a cylinder is increasing at the rate of 2cm/sec. and its altitude is decreasing at the rate
of 3 cm/sec. Find the rate of change of volume when radius is 3 cm and altitude 5 cm.
27. Sand is being poured onto a conical pile at the constant rate of 50 cm3/minute such that the height of
the cone is always one half of the radius of its base. How fast is the height of the pile increasing when
the sand is 5cm deep.
28. Show that the volume of a spherical soap bubble of radius r increases

times as fast as

the radius
29. A balloon which always remains spherical has a variable radius. If the radius of the balloon
is increasing at a rate of 1/7 cm/sec, how fast is the volume increasing when the radius is
7/11 cm. (Take

= 22/7)

30. An inverted cone has a depth of 10 cm and base radius 5 cm. Water is poured into it at the

rate of

c.c. per minute. Find the rate at which the level of the water in the cone is rising

when the depth is 4 cm.


31. A source of light is hung a metre, directly above a straight horizontal path on which a boy b
metre in height is walking. How fast is the shadow lengthening when he is walking away from
the light at the rate of c metres per minute?
32. A man 1.80 m high moves directly away from a lamp post 6 metres high at the rate of 4.544
km/h. How fast does the length of his shadow change?
33. A particle moves in a straight line with a velocity which varies as the square of the distance
from a fixed point. Show that its acceleration varies as the cube of the distance.
34. An aeroplane travels s kilometer in t hours from its start, where

, find the

velocity of the aeroplane at the end of 5 hours.


35. The velocity of a body in rectilinear motion is determined by the formula

. What

acceleration will the body have 4 seconds after the start.


36. The law of rectilinear motion of a body with a mass of 100 kg is

. Determine

the kinetic energy of the body 5 seconds after the start.

37. A spherical balloon is being inflated so that its volume increases uniformly at the rate of

. How fast is its surface area increasing when the radius is 8 cm? Find
approximately, how much the radius will increase during the next minute.
38. An inverted cone of height H and radius R is pointed at bottom. It is filled with a volatile
liquid completely. If the rate of evaporation is directly proportional to the surface area of the
liquid in contact with air ( assuming constant of proportionality k > 0), find the time in which
whole liquid evaporates.
39. If the law of motion of a body is

, then prove that the acceleration is

numerically equal to the distance covered.

40. The velocity of rectilinear motion of a body is proportional to the square root of the distances

covered. Prove that the body moves with constant acceleration.


41. A raft is pulled to the bank by means of a rope which si wound on a drum, at the rate of 3
metre per second. Determine the speed of the raft at the moment when it is 25 metre
distance from the bank if the drum is situated on the bank 4 metre above water level.

42. A point is moving along the cubical parabola

, which of the co-ordinate changes

faster?
43. A point is moving along the parabola

at the rate of 10 cm/sec. Find the component

velocity parallel to the axes, when it is at the point (3,6).


44. The pressure p and the volume v of a gas are connected by the relation

, where k is a

constant. If there be an increase of 0.7 percent in the pressure, prove that there is a decrease
of 0.5 percent in the volume.
45. The time T of a complete oscillation of a simple pendulum of length l is given by the equation
where g is a constant. Find the approximate error in the calculated value of T
corresponding to an error of 2 percent in the value of l.