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A.

Wahhabism and The Founder of Wahhabism


Wahabiyah sect is attributed to Muhammad ibn Abd
al-Wahhab Ibn Sulayman an Najdi. Born in 1111 and died in
1206 H H. He has learned a little bit of some of the
teachers

of

religious

knowledge,

including

his

own

father. Mentioned that he likes to read news and stories of


the stiffener prophetic, as Musaylima al-Kadzdzab, Sujah,
Aswad Al-Ansi and Thulaihah al Asdi.

He died at a very old age, the age of about 91


years. He bealjar bermadzhab Hanbali religious knowledge
base of his father who is also a Qadi (judge). Never did she
recite to some religious teachers of Mecca and Medina,
such as Shaykh Muhammad ibn Sualiman al Kurdi, Shaykh
Muhammad Hayat Sindi axles, and others. Then, he went to
Basra, but again due rejected discipleship.2
Religious knowledge is

inadequate, because he

studied religion only from a handful of teachers, including


his

father,

in

very

minimal

time

and

disjointed. Kenyataann is recognized by some of the


Wahabi scholars, such as Dr. Muhammad al Mas'ari in his
book al-Kawasyif

al-Jaliyyah

fi

Kufri

ad-Daula

as-

Su'udiyya the first attachment on Tasa'ulat haula ashSyar'iyyah when he alluded to the initial conditions of the
establishment of Saudi Arabia. In his book, he identifies,
before 'conspired' with family Sauda and England to revolt
of the Ottoman Caliphate, Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahab
like 'chaplain village' which does not stand out, mediocre,
and even not taken into account. He was not known at all

1 Abu Salafi, Wahabi Madzhab: Monopoly-style Truth and Faith Wahabi,


2 Ibn Bishr: Unwad al-Majd, op.cit, vol 1, p. 8

persona and keulama'annya by the scholars who live


contemporaries.3
Reality as is also recognized by the Wahhabi clerics
others. In their book which became a reference Wahabi
clerics, Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah,4 mentioned:
,
, ,
, ,
.
"Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab -rahmat God
atasnya- never claimed to be a priest of the community, he
is simply a alaim are invited to Country 'guidance', fought
for it, and never made during his life as a priest. So also
with Abdul Aziz ibn Muhammad ibn Saud, no one who
called the priest during his lifetime. As for naming the
priest was given by people who live afterwards. " 5
To attract the sympathy of the people of Islam, the
Wahhabi

propaganda platform were

commendable,

namely,

the

fight

getting

against

very

polytheism,

3 Dr. Muhammad al Mas'ari, al-Kawasyif al-Jaliyyah fi Kufri ad-Daula asSu'udiyya, Muassasah ar Rafid, Riyadh, the first attachment. See
also: www.ummah.net/cdlr .
4 Book Ad-as-Saniyyah Durar This is a collection of treatises and
papers founder of the Wahhabi Salafi (Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab)
and scholars-ualma them from among their descendants, as well as his
disciples. Books that became one of the main refernsi them in religion
and conclude a law is structured enumerated by Abdurrahman ibn
Muhammad ibn Qasim al 'ashimi al Qanthani an-Najdi (1312-1392 H),
consisting of 16 volumes, and has been reprinted hundreds of times
through sharing different publishers, one of which is the publisher Dar
al-Qasim, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
5 Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahab, et al: Ad-as-Saniyyah Durar fi alAjwibah late-Najdiyah, author Abdurrahman ibn Muhammad ibn Qasim
al 'ashimi al-Qahthani an-Najdi (1312-1392 H), cet. Ke-5, Dar al-Qasim,
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 1413 H, vol 9, p. 9.

idolatry, cult grave, and purge Islam of heresy and


superstition. But they are mistaken in penerapnnya, can
even say, in many cases they have been out of the
teachings of Islam itself.
Instead, because of his belief that menyimpangnya,
elder brother named Sulaiman Abdul Wahab criticized
fahamnya mother who nyleneh so spicy, through two
books, ash-Shawa'iq

Ilaiyyah

fi

al-Radd

'ala

al-

Wahabiyyah and book Fashlu al-khitab fi ar-Raddi 'ala


Muhammad' Abd al-Wahhab ibni. Two of his books that he
wrote Diarsa important for he wrote, saw his brother who is
far deviated from the teachings of Islam and faith as
general people even more than the schools of Imam Ahmad
ibn Hanbal schools, schools of wal Jamaat Ahl fourth in
many cases enumerated population of Najd, Saudi Arabia,
at that time.
In 1143 H, Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab began to
show his message to his new school, but his father with
the masayikh and great teachers there standing upright
mengahalau that their error. They unload sleaze invitation,
so that his message did not sell. It was only when his father
died

in

1153

H.

He

began

freely

to

spread

back

'pesonanya'nya. he echoed among the laity invitation naive


and do not know much about religion, so mereak easily
want to follow his call and mendukunganya. Ibn Bishr in his
book 'al-Majd Unwan in volume 1 page 8 tells the tragedy:

"

,

" . 11583

"Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab's arrival in the


village, Huraimila, he was arguing with his father and
denying what is done by people ignorant form of heresy
and shirk in word and deed, and pengkafiran-pengkafiran
other, until there is a war of words between him and his
father . The same confusion occurs between him and
village residents for many years, until his father died in
1153. After that, he pledged his message. "
The tragedy, the scholar Ibn Abdul Wahab branded as
a

rebellious

child. Moreover,

the

biological

father

of

a Qadi, an expert in the science of jurisprudence Hanbali,


and understand very well about the teachings of Islam as
well as the intricacies of society, has denied that his
misguided belief that Muslims have been accused of heresy
and polytheism pass.
For the presence of these splinter sect, society in
Huraimila rise and almost makes Muhammad Ibn Abdul
Wahab was killed. Then, he fled to the City 'Uyainah. There
he docked to the emir (ruler, mayor) of the city and
married a girl from one of her relatives. From there he
resumed propaganda pembid'ahan that he instigated
it. But not long after, the community 'Uyainah objected to
his invitation, so they throw him out of the city. Then he left
the 'Uyainah towards Dir'iyah east of town Najd- an area
formerly occupied by al-Kadzab Musaylima that claim to be
a prophet, and of the city that is the hordes of' murtaddin
'was trying to attack the city of Medina after the Holy
Prophet .
In the city, he had the full support of the emir that
Muhammad ibn Sa'ud, so that residents there were warmly
welcomed

teachings. At that time,

he acted

as

the

great mujtahid. He never ignored the opinion of the priests


and

previous

scholars,

as

well

as

his

contemporaries. Meanwhile, all knew that he was not


worthy

to

align

himself

in

the

ranks

of

the

clergy mujtahidin.6

6 Shaykh Idahram, Bloody History of the Wahhabi Salafi sect, they Kill
Everything, including the Ulema, Islamic School Library: 2011,
Yogyakarta, p. 38.