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Airport

Solution Guide
More know-how
for perfect harmony

Building a New Electric World

Introduction

4 3 2

Typical Airport Tender Document

6 5

Control Tower & Runways

20 / 21

Airfield

22 / 29

4/5

6/7

Transparent Ready

8/9

Airport
Solution Guide

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

10 / 19

High Availability
Architecture
Expertise
Incomers
Generator sets
Ring Main & Substations
Power quality
Electrical Network Managment

AGL
400 Hz
Fuel farm

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2003

7
8

Terminal

30 / 39

Requirements
Electrical distribution
Lighting
HVAC
Security
VDI
Lightning protection
Secured power
Building Automation

BHS

40/ 45

11 10

A world under the floor


Electrical distribution
Control

Passenger Boarding Bridge

46 / 47

Expertise

48 / 49

Product offer overview

50 / 51

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2003

Introduction

Your requirements
Managing aircraft, passengers and baggage is the key business of Airports,
leading to many other activities.
The main task of Airport Management is to allow the flow to continue and
improve.
Since you need to invest for the long term, selecting the right supply partner is
critical to this ongoing development.

Schneider Electric: global coverage, complete solutions,


one source
Our state-of-the-art, world-leading product portfolio is the result of years of
investment in products that will exceed your expectations, today and tomorrow.
Based on our total commitment to innovation, and investment-protecting open
architectures, this comprehensive product range offers a solution for your every
need when it comes to power supply, automation and control applications.
Service and support are the foundation of our operations. From initial
consultation, through engineering to installation and commissioning,
the Schneider Electric team is there to advise you for all your requirements.
Schneiders business has always been focused on customer service. This means
that wherever you do business throughout the world, you can select products
(compliant with all standards, IEC & NEMA) and services that are second to none.
Service starts before a sale is made. Our team of professionals, whose industrial
knowledge and expertise enable them to thoroughly understand your
applications, bring added value to the relationship and maximise the efficiency
of your investment.

We have a History
Schneider Electric has brought together a number of leading brands, including
Merlin Gerin, Square D and Telemecanique, which have been and still are at the
cutting edge of development in the global electrical industry.
Modicon and April, now range names, are also well known in the airport industry.
According to their range, TAC for Building Automation, Infra+ for VDI,
MGE UPS for uninterruptible power supply, BC transformateurs for
transformers, some global or regional brands also take place in this sector.
With equipment installed in numerous airports all around the world, Schneider
Electric is a proven leader in the supply of products and services for Electrical
Energy Infrastructure, Passenger Terminal power supplies and automation,
Baggage Handling System, boarding bridges and Airfield Ground Lighting
automation and control.

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2003

brands of

Schneider
Electric

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2003

Typical Airport Tender Document

Where Schneider Electric


can help you ?

A 100
Soll Stabilization

A 200
Control Tower

A 300
Runway

A 101
Bulk Excavation

A 201
Civil Works

A 301
Earthworks

A 102
Soll Improvement

see p.21

A 302
Airfield Pavement

A 103
Fencing

see p.10

A 303
Right Angle & rapid Exits

A 202
Precabling VDI

A 203
Electrical installations

see p. 15

A 204
Gensets

A 304
Taxiways

see p. 20

A 205
UPS

A 305
Apron

A 206
Fire Detection

A 306
Apron Flood Lighting

A 207
Meteorological Equipment

see p. 22

A 307
Airfield Lighting

A 208
Aeronautical Equipment

This is an example of typical Airport


Tender Document.
There is no ultimate form for this kind of document, but the breakdown
in packages is generally not very far from this one. A stands for Airport,
and the numbers point out the different packages.
Schneider Electric clearly appears in this document as a key electrical
components supplier.

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

A 400
Terminal Building

A 500
Baggage Handling
System

A 600
Aircraft Services

A 700
Airport information

A 800
Power Supply
Substation

A 601
400Hz Power Supply

A 701
Airport Inf. Managt. Syst.

A 801
Building Shell
A 802
Mechanical Services

A 401
Earthworks

see p. 40

A 501
Check-in

A 402
Building shell

see p. 40

A 502
Sortation

A 602
Pre Conditioned Air

A 702
Flight Inf. Display Syst.

A 403
Ironmongery

see p. 40

A 503
Conveyors

A 603
Docking Guidance System

A 703
CUTE / DCS

see p. 15

A 404
Sanitary Fixtures

see p. 40

A 704
Post signaling

see p. 15

see p. 32

A 405
LV cabling & Wiring

see p. 33

A 406
Lighting Fixtures

see p. 37

A 407
UPS

see p. 34

A 408
HVAC

A 504
Early Bag Store

see p. 40

A 505
Reclaim

see p. 26

see p.28

A 604
Fuel Hydrant System

see p.37

A 705
UPS

A 803
Incomers

A 804
Generator Sets

see p. 16

A 805
Ring Main

A 506
Sort Allocation Computer

see p. 18

A 507
Hold Baggage Screening

see p. 24

A 806
Network Management
A 807
400Hz production

see p.43

A 508
UPS for HBS

A 409
Escalators
A 410
Moving Walways
A 411
Lifts
see p.46

A 412
Boarding Bridges

see p.35

A 413
Precabling VDI

see p. 35

A 414
Safety & Security Syst.
see p.38

A 415
Building Automation

A 416
Automated People Mover

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Are You Transparent Ready ?

Transparent ReadyTM solutions


Maintaining the airport in optimal conditions to ensure safety and enable
the movements to continue is the major challenge for operators, engineering
companies and contractors involved in airport design and operation. To get the
information to make the right decision quickly contributes to reaching this goal.

Web-enable Power and Control


Thanks to Web technologies, Transparent ReadyTM products, software and
services provide new wide-open solutions for optimizing electrical distribution,
industrial control and automation performance.
Now Schneider Electric offers web-enabled products, software and services,
a standard web browser such as Internet Explorer provide immediate access
to all the information you need in real time from any location by any authorised
personal around the clock.
More people can work together more closely, to give your business the
competitive edge. And more key decision managers in management, operation,
services and cost accounting, can work together more readily as a team.
So along with the benefits of Transparent ReadyTM initiative, youll gain easier
access to information to get decisions right and help maximize your
competitiveness.

Eight benefits for airport designers, contractors,


and operators
1 Leveraging web technologies for your benefit
Transparent ReadyTM performances facilitate enterprise-wide access
to information.
So mission critical data can be shared more easily.
2 Anytime anyplace
Wherever you are in the life cycle from design to installation, operations and
maintenance, Transparent ReadyTM lets you optimize the performance of your
Power & Control installation.
3 Direct, quick and simple
Whether you are across the city or across the planet, shared access offers a fully
Transparent ReadyTM view.
So wherever and whenever you need it, you can put the facts at peoples
fingertips. Right away.
4 Fully-featured access security
Transparent ReadyTM performance lets you protect information by managing
access rights, to safeguard shared access via intranet or extranet.
5 Technology that works together
Transparent ReadyTM technology is fully compatible with open Internet standards
such as Ethernet TCP/IP and internationally recognized technologies such as
W3C.
So unlike more proprietary networks, it is based on standards that are universal
today. And future safe for tomorrow.
Unlike other pre-integrated solutions, Transparent Ready(tm) is wide open to your
ideas from the start !
6 Solutions that grow together
Now you can grow or upgrade your power & control installation with technology
thats ready for whatever the present or future may bring.
Ready to grow in-line with your changing needs, ready to cut the time - and
cost - of design and installation, thanks to standard plug and play connectivity.
Ready to streamline operations and maintenance with non-complex software
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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

7 Ready for sharing enterprise-wide


Transparent ReadyTM performance enables the global management of mission
critical resources.
Whether you are looking at the entire airport, at all of the MV substations, or for
information on automation devices throughout the Baggage Handling System
8 More bottom-line benefits with e-services
From network feasibility studies to control system design, trouble shooting and
remote maintenance, a full range of e-Services are available. Result: Yet more
ways to boost the performance and bottom line benefits of your Transparent
Readyz solutions. Whether you work with Schneider Electric, a recognized service
provider, business partner or your installations operator, e-Services are ready to
boost productivity, optimize resource management of installations and deliver the
competitive edge
TM

Transparent Ready
for energy management

Web serving power distribution


Optimized solutions for electric power

Network cost-management
kWh energy quality control
HV/MV and MV/LV substation telecontrol and automation
Switchgear remote management (operation & maintenance including diagnosis)
Consumer/supplier relationships management
Energy costs assigned by service
Running costs and total outgoing loads visualized
Availability of the supply to your network and diagnosis of eventual problems

Web serving processes


Optimized solutions for any process
TM

Transparent Ready
for process management

Instant access to traceable data


Historical data
Alarm management
Direct access to Key Process Indicators

Remote diagnosis and maintenance


Link with ERP

Link with EPS

Web serving building management


Optimized solutions for passenger terminal building

Lighting control
Access control and intrusion detection
Fire sensors and alarms

Lifts and escalators and mechanical walkways

Multi-site management of property pool

TM

Transparent Ready
for building management

Power distribution
HVAC systems management

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

High Availability
Continuity of supply is essential for airports. Two levels of basic requirements can
be identified, namely:
Safety for the technical platform (Aircraft, Control Tower, Airfield Ground
Lighting)

Continuity for the commercial platform (Passenger Terminal, Baggage


Handling, Boarding Bridges...)

Power availability is formally defined as the probability of correct supply at any


given time. Improving power availability means using functions that minimize
supply downtime. Downtime is often the result of a fault on the network itself or in
the energy source. But another reason can be abnormal energy consumption
leading to excessive stress on the power feeders and incomers and consequent
load shedding.
To provide the operating dependability required, production as a whole
(emergency generator, UPS, etc.), electrical distribution (MV, LV, AC, DC current)
and the other airport utilities (HVAC, etc.) must be designed on the basis of an
overall dependability study that takes into account the notions of reliability,
availability and maintainability.
Schneider Electric provides you with its strong experience in high availability
electrical distribution architecture and a wide range of robust electrical
offerings.

Architecture
G

Although there is no evidence of an ultimate single-line diagram, some general


rules can be proposed. Since electrical power availability is a main issue,
3 different sources are generally used to supply airports: 2 sources connected
to the utility grid and a generator source. For the same reason, i.e. availability,
a MV ring layout is preferred because it allows automatic and instant MV network
reconfiguration and faulty section isolation.
The generator source may be a group of centralized or distributed generator sets.
In both cases, one of the generators or at least a dedicated circuit is devoted to
the technical platform: Airfield Ground Lighting and Control Tower.
For availability reasons as well, the different MV/LV substations are linked into
different rings according to their level of availability requirements.
The following single-line diagrams show 2 typical airport architectures,
designed by Schneider Electric.

10

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Medium size international hub airport


This airport, fed by 2 main 11kV incomers, chose a centralized backup
(3 generator sets). Schneider Electric designed the architecture, and provided
the MV equipments (150 cubicles) as well as the electrical network
management system.

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

11

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Large size international hub airport


The starting points / requirements of this airport were:

3 main 33kV incomers

a decentralized backup:
5 9 distributed generator sets
5 gensets situated close to the more important loads

loads grouped in loops according to their sensitivity

Schneider Electric designed the architecture and provided the whole MV equipments.
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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

13

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Expertise
Producing an Airport Electrical Energy Infrastructure and defining a protection,
monitoring and control architecture rely not only on correct analysis of the
requirements, but on a technical and economic compromise with optimal results
based on experience.
As the manufacturer of our products, we are in the best position to study how to
get the most from them and optimize their operation.
To help you in your decision-making or to validate your solutions, Schneider
Electric has an organization of skilled professionals who have acquired a wide
range of experience by dealing with very diverse situations.
These professionals are at your disposal to assist with:

preliminary studies

network architecture

safety / availability studies

protection plan definition

power quality

power factor

network operation and monitoring

technician /operator training

supervision of implementation and operation

trials and commissioning

Our skilled professionals, working closely with you, benefit from the on-going
training and support of a world-wide group of experts and comprehensive
investigation resources which enable them to respond to all kinds of situations
and provide the solution to precisely fit your requirements at best costs.

A wide range of robust offerings


Schneider Electric provides innovative solutions in electrical distribution and
automation. And because it is one of the few global suppliers with an offering that
meets standards requirements, notably IEC (International) and NEMA (North
America), as well as directives concerning environmental protection,
it will support you far into the future.
Our main design, production, sales and service operations
are ISO 9001 certified.
Schneider's solutions involve a general response: rather than offering a series of
products, equipment and software items, each designed to meet a portion of the
requirements, it offers an overall, fully integrated power and control solution
ensuring robustness, reliability and easy operation.

14

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Incomers
HV/MV substations are one of the key areas of the Electrical Energy Infrastructure
and are therefore required to provide high availability.

HV

Schneider Electric, with its exclusive HV partner Vatech, provides you with full
HV/MV substation solutions to meet your expectations:
high voltage supply: a comprehensive range of gas insulated switchgear,
conventional circuit breakers, disconnectors, earthing switches... See Vatech

Schneider catalogue for more.


power transformation: star or delta HV/MV transformers, primary voltage from
72.5 to 245 kV, up to 125 MVA power. See Vatech Schneider catalogue for more.

MV

medium voltage distribution: a comprehensive range of gas insulated


switchgear (GMset, GM6, CBGS), metalclad switchgear (MCset, Fluair 400)

and metal enclosed cubicle switchgear (SM6) from 7.2 to 52 kV.


protection, monitoring and control: Easergy, Sepam and PowerLogic ranges,
for new or retrofit substations, local or remote.
power compensation: capacitor banks from 7 to 170 kV.

These solutions provide you with:

high availability
optimized substation operation
safe and reliable equipment

cost effective solution for a whole life cycle


optimum network operation
custom engineered products and integrated services

environment-friendly products
optimization of available space
secure and easy man machine interface
simple communication for network management
easy data processing of electrical power consumption

MCset

GM6

Generator sets
The generator set is the ideal solution to assure continuity of power supply in
case of upstream fault (grid or incoming substation outage). As a backup device,
a generator set must be reliable to ensure the availability and quality of energy.
End users also expect their gensets to ensure the safety of people and

CBGS

equipment, optimized cost of kWh produced, easy installation management and


maintenance.
Schneider Electric provides solutions for the protection, automation, monitoring
and control of generator sets: see the specialised brochure to know more.

Specialized generator set brochure


Art.10008

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

15

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Ring Main and Substations


For availability reasons, a MV ring layout is generally preferred because it allows
MV network reconfiguration and faulty section isolation. The different MV/LV
substations are linked into different rings according to their availability
requirements. MV/LV substations are the nodes of the Electrical Distribution
network. To contribute to the general continuity of supply, they are expected to
be reliable, dependable and safe.

SM6

Schneider Electric, number one in MV/LV substations, provides you with a


unique concept to meet your requirements, whatever they are.
MV switchboard: a comprehensive range of compact switchgear (RM6,
Ringmaster RN, CAS 36) or modular switchgear (SM6, Ringmaster CE/SE, Genie
EVO, CBGS ), from 3 to 52 kV, up to 2500 A
MV / LV transformer: oil immersed transformer (Minera), dry resin-coated type
transformer (Trihal), 3 to 36 kV, up to 3,150 kVA
LV switchboard: fuse or circuit breaker (Compact) feeders, 440 V, rated current
400 to 1,800 A for circuit breaker or switch, 400 to 800 A for fuses

Trihal

substation control unit: associated with a pole-mounted switch for remote


control and automated management
Easergy T200I, capacity: up to 16 switches
remote control interface: comprehensive range of devices providing:
remote control of MV switches
monitoring of fault indicator
local current measurement
power supply for remote control interface and MV switchgear

Compact

16

factory-built enclosure: kiosk with enclosure:


reinforced concrete
metallic (steel, galvanized steel, aluminium, stainless steel)
metal sandwich panels

Factory-built MV/LV substation assemblies meet all users' needs with respect to
reliability, safety, overall quality, time-savings and suitability for the local
surroundings (climatic conditions, operating mode, architecture requirements...)

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Power quality
Airports require a continuously high level of availability and as few disturbances
as possible should be fed back to the network. But these kinds of requirements
apply more and more to simple electrical installations such as those on LV sites
(terminal). That is why various international standards specify the limits of
disturbances or variation in voltage, voltage unbalance and harmonic distortion.

Waveform disturbances
Potential disturbances may be:
voltage dips (or sags)
short power interruptions
overvoltage (or swells).
They are mainly caused by:

SMS (Trend plots analysis)

load variations in normal operating conditions

accidental external phenomena or lightning


These disturbances are not really dangerous for power equipment, but may have

a negative impact on electronic devices or computers such as FIDS (Flight


Information Display System), which have to be protected in order to avoid
malfunctions (errors, false orders, etc.).

Active and reactive power


In any process only the active energy is converted into light, thermal or
mechanical energy. But the consumer undergoes additional energy losses in
transformers or cables, and higher voltage drops caused by the circulation of the
reactive energy.
SMS (Harmonic analysis)

Harmonic distortion
The use of electronics has considerably increased in power devices such as
variable speed drives, energy conversion, 400 Hz static converters and
uninterruptible power supply equipment, generating harmonics on the network
and saturating magnetic circuits (motors and cables). These disturbances cause
incorrect operation of certain sensitive devices that are connected to the
network.

PowerLogic

Any sort of harmonic distortion disturbs the behavior of electrical equipment and
produces additional losses. These disturbances may also produce operating
faults in electronic devices (relays, PLCs, etc.).

Solutions
First of all, the most important thing is to be informed of the power quality: the
solution is to install power monitoring devices, such as those in the PowerLogic
range, in the electrical installations, together with a system to collect, monitor
and analyze data.
In case of problems, once the disturbances have been identified, solutions
consist of:
reducing and managing harmonic propagation often through a change in the
electrical installation layout ; our experts can help you

installing a compensation device:


passive compensation: Rectiphase capacitor banks
active compensation (power factor correction): Harmonic conditioner

SineWave, Reactivar AccuSine


passive and active compensation: combination of the above solutions
Rectiphase

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

17

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical Energy Infrastructure

Electrical network management


Once installed, an airport electrical installation has to be managed:
improved electrical energy availability
the security and financial consequences of electrical faults call for systems to
be set up to limit down time and / or to safeguard the power supply (automatic
network reconfiguration)

network protection
the applications are critical and electrical department managers must use
sophisticated protection systems to ensure the safety of people (airports are
public areas) and property across the entire site

operating assistance
the complexity of electrical installations often leads to the installation of a
telecontrol system for enhanced response capability, accuracy and safety. This
system must also provide warning, tracking and rapid reaction in case of a fault
(tripping of a protection device, equipment fault, etc.)

power quality monitoring


to avoid premature aging of electrical switchgear, maintenance staff must
monitor power quality problems on a day to day basis (harmonics problems,
overvoltage and voltage reductions, phase unbalance, etc.)
electricity consumption management
with high-scale electrical power consumption, operators must accurately
identify energy losses and find ways of reducing electricity costs

HV / MV

Scada Layout

18

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

LV

The solution proposed by Schneider Electric is based on leading edge


equipment and software components, for an optimal response to electrical
installation protection and management problems. The system is broken down
into building blocks that can be adapted according requirements and
constraints. The basic architecture incorporates fundamental principles that
guarantee system reliability and flexibility:

decentralized intelligence near the switchgear

use of high-throughput digital systems


use of software that meets market standards

The Schneider Electric Electrical Network Management solution includes the


following products:
monitoring and control software for MV and / or LV installations. This product
is used to monitor and manage energy flows on the MV and LV network. The

main functions are:


centralization of measurements and alarms
power quality management
control of MV and LV devices
Sepam: multi-function MV protective relay. This product is used to protect MV
as well as LV electrical installations. The main functions are:
protection
metering
local automatic control
switchgear operation
remote setting of protection levels
teletransmission to the electrical installation management software

Sepam

Power Meter

PM / CM: Power Meter/Circuit Monitor are power monitoring devices for LV


and / or MV installations. These products are used to meter and monitor power
quality data locally or at a distance. The main functions are:
acquisition and visualization of electrical data
data storage
teletransmission to the electrical installation management software
billing

Easergy T200: a monitoring and control unit with a high level of integrated

functions:
fault passage indicator
communication system
interface with switchgear motorization
uninterrupted power supply
current measurement
Easergy

autochangeover, sectionaliser, local control devices

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

19

Control Tower & Runways

Control Tower & Runways


The task of ensuring safe operations of aircraft falls on air traffic controllers. They
must coordinate the movements of thousands of aircraft, keep them at safe
distances from each other, direct them during takeoff and landing from airports,
direct them around bad weather and ensure that traffic flows smoothly with
minimal delays.
To ensure such complex and vital operations, the control tower requires high
availability and quality supply to power all the electric and electronic devices
above mentionned (radio, radar, weather systems, landing systems, Airfield
Ground Lighting...). Also, the IT network connecting all these devices, require
reliability, high speed and fast & easy maintenance.
Secured Power
To ensure a high degree of availability and an optimum quality of electricity, the
control tower must have reliable sources of energy at its disposal:

Genset starter redundancy.

N+1 redundancy for the UPS systems fitted with a THM (Total Harmonic
Management) filter to prevent Genset source derating and interference due
mainly to odd-order harmonics.

The basic scheme consists of a LV supply from the Gensets via the redundant
UPS systems: the UPS systems are of average power (Galaxy 100 to 200 kVA,
depending on the equipment and the volume of traffic handled by the airport).

MGE UPS range of UPSs

20

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

VDI at the control tower


The control tower is equipped traditionally with a large number of IT devices
including computers, displays, servers, telephones and more recently, CCTV and
surveillance equipment. A majority of these devices require a connection to a
structured cabling system to allow them to work together which in turn means
that a sufficient number of connections (including a provision for expansion)
should be provided in the work area.
The near-universal adoption of Ethernet as the transport protocol of choice for
data and image transmission means that airports will update their IT cabling in
line with the globally-standardised system that has evolved over the last 20
years in support of these Ethernet services. Our cabling systems have been
developed in accordance with the most stringent cabling standards, whether in
balanced copper or optical fibre media and comply with the latest editions of the
local and international standards, ISO 11801 and EN 50173.
Airports are potentially harsh electro-magnetic environments, with possible
sources of interference such as radar, radio transmitters, and antennas. In order
to provide a suitably immune IT cabling system, a fully shielded balanced copper

Multiplus panelboard

system would be specified, with each component of the system being 360
degree shielded by metallic elements, which are then earth bonded. Optical fibre
is intrinsically immune from EMI, as its signal is purely optical and hence
unaffected by electro-magnetic waves.
Whichever media is utilised, signal integrity is assured.

VDI at the Runways


RJ45 connector

Fiber Optic connector

Connecting equipment along runways for control and monitoring purposes


places increased demands on the structured cabling system, due to both the
long distances and to the potentially harsh environmental conditions. Optical
fibre is particularly well suited to these demands and can support applications
such as 10Gigabit Ethernet over distances up to 40 Km.
The environmental conditions can be harmful in several ways. The electromagnetic interference effects can be countered by using a fully shielded
balanced system, complying with EN 55022 class B. The environment in which
the cabling and connections must operate is provisioned for by careful selection
of raw materials and construction methods. Optical fibre cable can be specified
with tough Polyethylene jackets (HDPE or LLPE), giving superior waterproofing
and tensile strength, Dielectric (non-conductive) strength members for strength,

Waterproof socket

Fiber Optic cable

crush resistance and rodent resistance together with a gel-filled buffer tube,
acting as a final water-penetration barrier. Jointing and terminating of these
cables is performed and secured within weather and vandal-proofed enclosures,
to ensure the longevity of the connections.

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

21

Airfield

Airfield Ground Lighting

Minimum Switching Time


To secure aircraft landing and take-off is one of the main concern of Airport
Authorities. They have to be sure that the Visual Aids and Instrument Landing
Systems will work in any condition, even if the main Power Supply fails. In such a
case an auxiliary Power Unit with an automatic switching device is mandatory.
ICAOs Annex 14 and Aerodrome Design Handbook specify the switching time
that is expected according to runway category :

Visual Approach

Classic Approach
CAT I

CAT II
CATIIIA

CATIIIB
This switching time should be 2 minutes, 15 seconds, 10 seconds, 1 second
or 0 second. Also the type of auxiliary power supply and the way of switching
from main to auxiliary are specified by the Annex 14 and the handbook.

Seamless Aircraft Traffic


To speed up the aircraft traffic :

enhances the image of the airport

allows to process more passengers

contributes to increase the revenues


A seamless aircraft traffic in any weather conditions can be achieved by the
installation of a SMGCS (Surface Movement Guidance and Control System). This
system, based on the AGL basic functions, helps the Air Traffic Controllers in
taxying of Aircraft.

Maintainability
For security reasons, airport operators have to constantly maintain the AGL
system in good working order and maintenance rules are very strict. Operators
need systems products and components easy to maintain and systems that help
them maintaining.

ATC

AGL substation 3
AGL substation 2
AGL substation 1
PLC

PLC

PLC

PLC

LV Panelboards

CCR

CCR

Equipment room

Airfield lights and signs

22

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

CCR

Power and Control of the AGL


Based on its strong and world wide experience of Power and Control solutions,
Schneider Electric provides you with a dedicated approach for AGL system:
our Power and Control for AGL systems comprises :
know-how in high availability Electrical Distribution architectures, with all
kinds of auxiliary and switching solutions

know-how in fast and high availability Automation architectures

a wide range of robust and easy to maintain electrical distribution and


automation offering to fit your specific requirements at best life cycle costs
Transparent Ready features that allows you to diagnose the Electrical
Distribution and Automation components using a single web browser, anywhere,

anytime (also see the dedicated section page 8)


specialised System Integrators with whom we are partnering to provide you
with a turn-key solution

Numerous references
These AGL Control and Power Solutions have been installed in numerous
airports. Ask for our Project Reports Leaflets.

Power...

Power station

SM6 MV switches and circuit breakers


Sepam relays
MV / LV Trihal dry transformers
Switching solutions
LV panel boards (Okken, Prisma Plus, Blokset)
LV high power circuit breakers (Masterpact, Compact)
LV circuit breakers (Multi 9)

... and Control


Grid

Grid

Quantum, Premium PLCs

Momentum remote I/Os, Advantys I/O


Magelis LCD screens

PLC

Control
Power

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

23

Airfield

400 Hz electricity supply for


aircraft on the ground
Safety
Permanent safety of aircraft and their passengers is the prime concern of
airports. For this reason, the GPU (Ground Power Unit) used by airlines, whose
fuel tank constitutes an explosion hazard and presence near aircraft a collision
hazard, are tending to be replaced by fixed electrical installations supplying
aircraft with 400 Hz. Moreover both GPU and APU (Aircraft) are noise and air
quality polluants.

Availability
Availability of all equipment allowing aircraft to take off and land and passengers
to transit is essential for fluid traffic. Consequently, it is unacceptable that the
failure of a static converter installed under the gangway makes equipment
unavailable.

Maintainability
Likewise, the necessary maintenance operations on converters must not prevent
use of gangways to allow maximum aircraft movement.

Optimised investments
Bearing in mind that not all aircraft use 400 Hz at the same time, surely there
must be a way of optimising power to be installed.

200 V 400Hz

LD

LD

200 V 400Hz

LDC
C

LDC

LDC

LDC

LDC

MV Equipment

North Terminal
MV
Switchboard

LDC

400Hz Converters
400 V
400 Hz
400 V
50Hz

50Hz
50Hz
Network MV-LV
TR

5,5 kV
400Hz

5,5 kV
400Hz
South Terminal

LD

24

LD

C
LDC

LDC

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

LDC

LDC

LDC

LDC

Investment

A solution adapted to your needs


A variety of 400 Hz fixed electrical installation architectures are available.
The choice between them mainly depends on airport configuration and on
the number of points to be supplied. An in-depth study is required in the event
of a complex geographical configuration.

decentralized

According to the results of this study, the following diagram proposes the
optimum solution as a function of the number of points to be supplied.

centralized

The decentralised mode is recommended for airports with 1 to 6 400Hz


delivery points. Its main advantage is its ease of installation, but the investment

to be made is proportional to the number of points to be equipped.


semi-centralized

The semi-centralised system is recommended for airports using between


6 and 16 supply points. In this solution, the same converter can supply 2 delivery

16

Number of points

points. It is thus possible to adjust the power of the installed converters by


allowing for a limited diversity factor.
For more than 16 supply points, the centralised architecture is the most
advantageous:
optimised investment: the cost of installing a centralised system is less
as the diversity factor relates to all the points to be supplied.
increased availability: should a converter fail, airport operation is guaranteed
as the 400Hz supply is maintained throughout the network.
simplified maintenance: as most of equipment is stored in a central zone
outside the restricted zone.



 
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Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

25

400 Hz electricity supply for


aircraft on the ground

Airfield

Functions

Equipment
MV substation
50-60Hz

LV supply
50-60Hz

Centralized production
50-60Hz to 400Hz

LV supply 400Hz

MV supply
5.5kV 400Hz

MV cable network
5.5kV 400Hz

MV final distribution
5.5kV 400Hz

SM6 400Hz switch cubicles (Merlin Gerin)


Protection of MV switchgear:
PowerLogic System CM (Merlin Gerin), instrument transformers (Merlin Gerin)

Network of standard 50Hz cables, peripheral connections and connection to


SM6 cubicles (Merlin Gerin)
SM6 400Hz MV switch cubicle (Merlin Gerin)
Standard 50 Hz MV cable connection between MV cubicle and MV/LV
transformer

Connection to the
aircraft socket
115-200V 400Hz

26

LV switchboards (Merlin Gerin): Okken, Prisma


Compact circuit-breakers (Merlin Gerin)
50Hz LV cable connection between 400Hz LV switchboard and transformer

LV distribution
200V 400Hz

LV switchboards (Merlin Gerin): Okken, Prisma


Masterpact and Compact LV circuit-breakers
50Hz LV cable connection between LV switchboard and converters
Converters (Schneider Electric approved supplier) 90kVA, 120kVA or 180kVA
400Hz LV cable connection between converter and 400Hz LV switchboard

LV distribution
600V 400Hz

MV/LV transformer:
Trihal (France Transfo)
Oil-immersed transformer (Merlin Gerin)
50-60Hz LV cable connection between MV transformer and LV switchboard

400Hz, 200 V/5.5 kV, 360 kVA transformer (BCV Technologies)


Standard 50 Hz MV cable connection between transformer and MV
switchboard

Step-up transformer
200V/5.5kV 400Hz

LDC

Merlin Gerin MV/LV transformer supply and network switchgear:


RM6, CAS 36
Ringmaster
50-60Hz MV cable connection between MV cubicle and MV/LV transformer

Transformers (BCV Technologies) 5.5kV/600V


400Hz LV cable connection between transformer and LDC cabinet

Correction cabinet (Merlin Gerin): Pragma


BCV Technologies LDC (Line Drop Compensator)
Compact NS LV circuit-breaker (Merlin Gerin)
Control and monitoring enclosure:
600V/200V LV/LV step-down transformer (BCV Technologies)
LV equipment (Telemecanique contactors, Merlin Gerin LV circuit-breaker)
Accessories (Schneider Electric approved suppliers):
Cables coil, cables winder
Scissor extension (crocodile), pits
Connectors

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

All the equipment making up this solution is 400Hz


certified/tested

Medium Voltage: Merlin Gerin SM6 switch

LV/MV MV/LV LV/LV BCV Technologies transformers


Low Voltage: Merlin Gerin Masterpact and Compact circuit-breakers

You thus have the guarantee of a major manufacturer for the entire
400Hz solution.

Study and design of the electrical network


Our services are built up around electrical engineering services mainly
comprising:

Choice of architecture
Definition of the protection plan
Study of network stability problems
Study of compensators

Production and installation of a turnkey solution


Moreover, because the 400Hz area is technically complex, this type of installation
must be controlled in its entirety.
This is because an incorrectly designed installation can have serious financial
and operational consequences.
For this reason, Schneider Electric proposes its 400Hz solution in turnkey
with implementation ensured by its Contracting Centres based in 25 countries.
Relayed by means of a commercial and industrial network in more
than 130 countries, Schneider Electric thus ensures a comprehensive service,
from design to after-sales support, not to mention commissioning,

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

27

Airfield

Fuel farm
Fuel installations

Fuel Installations provide a vital link in the airport operation. As with many other
airport functions fuel installations have two basic requirements:
Safety of the passengers, operational staff and the environment.
Continuity as the loss of the ability to refuel aircraft would cause major
commercial losses in addition to inconvenience of passengers.

To provide the dependability required the system must be designed taking into
account the concepts of reliability, availability and maintainability.
Whether the fuel is transported to the airport by pipeline, rail tanker or barge it is
then pumped to storage tanks via filters. After quality tests the final distribution
to the aircraft either by means of refueler vehicles or a hydrant system requires
further pumping.
However the fuel is delivered and distributed, the control of pumps and the
operation of valves for routing are the core of the control system.

28

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Power and Control of the fuel installation


Our wide experience of pumping applications, not only in Airport fuel
installations,
but in the water and petro-chemical world, enables Schneider Electric to provide
you with a dedicated approach for the Fuel Installation.

SM6

Sepam

Our solutions provide you with :


The elimination of the effects of Hydraulic Transients when pumping by means
of patented Torque Control System (TCS)
Tightness control.
The allocation of pump duty cycle times
Automatic adjustment of flow rates based on demand and efficiency
Remote transmission and analysis of data required for operation and
maintenance.
Secure power supply for continuity of operation.
Power..

Okken

Masterpact

SM6 MV switches and circuit breakers


Sepam relays
Ringmaster ring main units
MV/LV transformers.
LV Panel boards (Okken & Blokset)
LV Air Circuit breakers (Masterpact)
LV Circuit breakers (Multi 9)

.. and Control.

Quantum & Premium PLCs


Momentum I/O
Altivar Variable speed drives.
Magelis HMI
ConneXium Network devices.

Altivar ATV 11
Quantum

Magelis

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

29

Passenger Terminal

Passenger Terminal

A fluid passenger traffic


Passenger traffic is the main criterion in sizing and designing airports.
Then, during operation, it will be the main point of attention directing all actions.
This is because fluid passenger traffic:
fulfils the expectations of the actual passengers as well as airlines, the two
airport customers
forms, with architecture, the main image of an airport
guarantees its income: fluid traffic allows more passengers to be welcomed
and thus generates more aeronautical and commercial fees

A pleasant place
A place of transit between two means of transport, the passenger terminal is also
a shopping centre that passengers are obliged to cross. Everything must thus
be done to generate the act of purchase:
feeling of thermal and visual comfort
feeling of safety
enhanced shops and products

Flexibility at all stages


A passenger terminal differs from a conventional shopping centre by the constant
surface changes it undergoes. Turnover of shops, bars and restaurants is in fact
greater than in other shopping centres, as airport customers are more demanding
and changeable.
It must therefore be possible to adapt and modify the sales areas:
permanently
quickly
at minimum cost

Maximum safety
The passenger terminal is also a building open to the general public, i.e. people
not familiar with the premises who, if necessary, must be informed and evacuated
as quickly as possible and in the best conditions, while conforming to standards.
Likewise, its size and situation at the centre of a very large flat surface makes the
passenger terminal a privileged target for lightning. The necessary protective
measures thus have to be taken.

30

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Electrical Distribution solution


Reminder of conventional architecture
In conventional architecture, loads are fed by the main low
voltage switchboard via the subdistribution cubicles. All the
energy travels via the cables feeding the subdistribution
cubicles from the main low voltage switchboard.
This solution leads to a few kilometres of cables and cable trays :

Site works are complex and long, owing to the cables

System is sensitive to common mode failure


Maintenance works force to shut down.

One fault on a transformer leads to overload the second one, hence leading
to a general tripping.
Several days of shut-down in case of major fault on the main switchboard.

Modifications are not easy

MSB

Distribution Panel board

(Trihal)

Roof top

Architecture of the Schneider Electric Solution


This solution is based on the concept of distributed architecture. It uses a PDS
(Power Distribution Satellite) and prefabricated busbar trunking for power
distribution and for lighting.
Two separate PDS supply the installation via power busbar trunkings with a
small quantity of tap points which feed the various loads.
Distribution boards are located as near as possible from the loads and are fed

directly by the nearest busbar trunkings.


An automatic change-over by PDS provides standby power to essential loads.

Distribution Panel board

PDS 1

PDS 2

Roof top
Power Busbar
Connexion board

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

31

Passenger Terminal

Electrical Distribution solution

The transformers are functionnally part of the PDS. Nevertheless, they are
situated either close to the PDS, or in a separate room, depending on the local
habit. The solution is unchanged in both cases.

Principle of connection to the power Busbar


trunking
No protection are installed in the tap off box (compliant with installation
standard IEC 364)
The overload and short-circuit protection of the distribution switchboard (TD)
are provided by the distribution switchboard incoming circuit-breaker (D2)

The overload protection of the connecting cables between busbar trunking and
distribution switchboard is provided by the switchboard incoming circuit-breaker
(D2)

The short circuit protection of the connecting cables between busbar trunking
and distribution switchboard is provided by the circuit-breaker upstream the
busbar trunking (D1)

Main advantages :

32

Easy and rapid to install

Continuity of service is optimum at feeder level :


thanks to an enhanced total discrimination between the protection devices
thanks to an easy access and resetting of the protection devices.

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Lighting solution
Products involved in this solution :

LV Switchboard & Circuit breakers


Prisma P - Prisma G

Automatic changeover UA
Compact NS

Multi9

Prisma

Canalis LV Power Busbar Trunking


KVA (500 A - 630 A - 800 A)
tap off box (LDKV)
or KS (500 A - 630 A - 800 A)

The conventional feeding and control of the light conducts directly from the main
switchboard creates a very complex installation. Instead, a Canalis based
installation, with distributed protection and control is very simple and flexible.

Power Canalis

PDS 1

PDS 2

Lighting Canalis

Main advantages :

Connexion

Connexion board

A high degree of power-supply continuity of lighting is achieved by using two


separate PDS (a half of the luminaires is supplied by one PDS).
The overload and short-circuit protection of the lighting busbar trunking are
provided by switchboard lighting circuit-breakers.
The overload and short-circuit protection of the luminaires are provided by tap

Easy and rapid to install

off boxes protections.


Quick and easy luminaires fault tracking

Maximum flexibility for further modifications

Products involved in this solution :

Canalis LV Power Busbar Trunking (see previous section)


Canalis LV Lighting Busbar Trunking :
KBB 40 A

Or KNA100A

Or KS 160 A
Or KDP (flexible)

KDP

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

33

Passenger Terminal

HVAC
Whether air conditioning is provided by Rooftops (RT) or Air Handling Units
(AHU), these systems must:

ensure thermal comfort

ensure hygiene

operate at minimum operating costs

Electricity supply and monitoring and control of air conditioning are points to
which particular attention must be paid.

Power Busbar

PDS 1

PDS 2

Roof top

Cold or heat generators


for the AHUs fed directly
by the PDS

Air Handling Unit


Connexion board

Electricity supply
Connection of RTs and AHUs is made directly to the Power Canalis, ideal for this
type of roof supply.

34

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Safety
Maximum safety for personnel and passengers is of prime importance in airports.
All the systems installed must comply with prevailing standards. Failing this, the
premises cannot be operated and the personnel and passengers be informed,
guided and evacuated quickly and safely.
The self-contained emergency luminaires for evacuation are used to evacuate
premises open to the general public in the event of failure of the main lighting
system.
n the position of self-contained emergency luminaires signals access to
emergency exits to simplify circulation and evacuation of people in the building
(obstacles, direction changes)
n in the event of mains failure, use of storage batteries guarantees operation
of the self-contained emergency luminaires for one hour
Emergency luminaire

n the self-testable self-contained emergency luminaires automatically perform


the statutory inspections defined in standard NF C 71820 (battery charge test,
failure simulation, etc.).
Solution for controlling a very large number of self-contained emergency
luminaires:

Voice, Data, Image

RJ WIFI

Fiber Optic connector

VDI networks within passenger terminal have to offer mobility and adaptability to
the users to comply with the new requirements of tertiary environment (desks
reconfiguration, open space, user mobility ). Physical infrastructure should be
fairly integrated into the building and must allow the distribution of links up to the
outlets in a rational and functional way.
We propose a wide range of solutions for the cables laying and to distribute the
telecommunication outlets to the work areas. These aesthetic and functional
solutions allow a complete integration of the VDI cabling system into the building.
Our LANwireless solution complying with the IEEE 802.11 standard gives all the
mobility and adaptability of the radio medium as a natural and complementary
extension of the wired system.
The significant increase of information volume exchanged in local area networks
requires the implementation of new IT applications highly demanding in large
bandwidth.
The durability of the cabling investment is evaluated by its capacity to support all
existing LAN protocols but also the future ones which may appear during its
using span.
The recommended VDI solutions using balanced and fiber cabling systems
comply with the most demanding standards to guarantee the perfect functioning
of emerging networks such as the 1 and 10 Gigabit Ethernet.

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

35

Passenger Terminal

Lightning protection
Schneider Electric Solutions and electric block
diagram
To ensure better continuity of supply:
power distribution is carried out with redundancy thanks to the use
of a back-up power supply (generator set)
to prevent nuisance tripping, RCCBs of the si type are to be implemented

To ensure protection against atmospheric voltage surges:


since the Passenger Terminal is fitted out with a lightning conductor to protect
against direct lightning storkes, a surge arrester located on the incoming end of
the electric distribution and secondary surge arresters located near electric
equipment are to be foreseen.

PRD

Role of surge arrester protection


Run off the lightning current to the ground, guaranteeing a level of protection
Up that is compatible with the electric equipment to be protected

Limit the rise in the earths voltage and the induced magnetic field

Wiring recommendations

Make sure that building frames and earths are equipotentially bonded

Earthing systems from each part of the Terminal must be interconnected

Reduce loop surfaces of supply cables

Installation recommendations

Install an incoming surge arrester with an Imax = 65 kA (8/20) in each section

A disconnection circuit-breaker associated with each surge arrester is to be


foreseen

Install secondary surge arresters with an Imax = 8 kA (8/20) and associated


disconnection
circuit-breakers C60 with a rating of 20 A in a cascading configuration with the
incoming surge arrester (buildings A and F)

A surge arrester PRI 48 V to protect the Terminals PLCs (BHS)


generator
GE

1000 kVA

1000 kVA
C120
50 A
-

PRD
65kA

PDS 1

PDS 2

MSB 1
Aisle West

MSB 2
Aisle West

MSB 3
Aisle East

MSB 4
Aisle East

C120
50 A

C60
50 A

PRD
65kA

PRD
65kA

Satelite 1

ID
"si"

Satelite 2

ID
"si"

Satelite 3

ID
"si"

Satelite 4

ID
"si"

Satelite 5

ID
"si"

C60
20 A

C60
20 A

C60
20 A

C60
20 A

C60
20 A

C60
20 A

PRD
8kA

PRD
8kA

PRD
8kA

PRD
8kA

PRD
8kA

PRD
8kA

Lighting

AHU

Rooftop

Computer

Lighting

AHU

Rooftop

Computer

Lighting

AHU

Rooftop

Computer

Lighting

AHU

Rooftop

Computer

Lighting

AHU

Rooftop

Computer

Single line diagram of the lightning protection


36

BHS

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

ID
"si"

Motors

Lighting
Control
Motors

Secured power

Solutions for preventing interference caused by


"non-linear loads"
Solutions for preventing interference caused by "non-linear loads"
To prevent the large number of so-called "non-linear load" devices (e.g. transit
and passenger information screens, computers, etc.) from causing interference
on the network, a study should be carried out to reduce their effects on the
balance and reliability of the general power supply.
The study would mainly deal with the harmonics and relevant local and/or
general equipment and ensure that any problems that might jeopardise the
continuity of service are eliminated.
Equipment concerned: active or hybrid compensators are used to address and
finally overcome such phenomena.

Classification of non-linear loads


The many effects of non-linear loads can be divided into two categories.
b Effects related to THDI (Total Harmonic Distortion Intensity)
Overheating of all the components related to an increase in the rms current
Deterioration of the insulants
Derating of the generators and protective devices
b Effects related to THDV (Total Harmonic Distortion Voltage)
The presence of harmonic currents and non null impedances (lines, sources, and
so on) also causes voltage distortion.
Tripping of sensitive electronic devices
Lighting and screen flicker
To estimate a THDV, it is not only necessary to know the type of load (current
spectrum), but also to have a model of the source supplying the distorting load.

AccuSine
Active harmonic filtering

Supervision
workstation :
Monitor Pac

UPS

rS

upp

et
Protocols :
SNMP
XML (http)

we

NT
Server

Po

et

or

ly

Administration
workstation:
Management Pac
Solution Pac

rn

LV Hybrid Filter

Et
he

Solution to
Harmonics pollution

Unix (SCO)
Server
Novell
Server

Shutdown

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

37

Passenger Terminal

Building Automation

Open Systems for control and monitoring of the


passenger terminal
Our solutions answer to building owners' and operators' needs:
control and manage all key building functions for greater cost effectiveness,
safety and comfort of their occupants:

heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting, safety (fire control, etc.), security (access
control, etc.), blinds & shutters, machinery (elevators, etc.

get the most value out of the buildings year after year

We provide them with dedicated Open Systems designed for many types of
buildings including passenger terminal

38

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

TAC, the worlds leader in Open Systems for


Building IT
Based on Open Systems (Ethernet/IP, Lonworks, etc.) to give you high
flexibility and scaleability according to the building use, retrofit and

modernization needs
System architecture and key components are designed and implemented
locally, in more than 80 countries by our authorized partner network of system

integrators.
a comprehensive range of reliable and efficient products, software and
services

supervision and design software (TAC Vista, TAC Menta,TAC design)


controllers, sensors, display units, actuators, control valves, (TAC Xenta, TAC
Forta, TAC Venta)

life-cycle and web-based services to owners and operators :


maintenance and modernization of installations
technical facility management particularly for energy use and savings

Display units & Controlers

Control valves

Sensors & Actuators

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

39

BHS

Baggage Handling System

A world under the floor


Baggage processing has become more and more automated, so much so that a
Main Baggage Room is nowadays a true workshop. It is composed of complex
material handling systems operated by hundreds of motors, controlled by
redundant networked systems, and baggage identification and tracking are done
by sophisticated bar code reading devices. And all of this equipment is run by an
electrical distribution system that supplies hundreds of amps.
This level of complexity calls for the right level of know-how to specify
the appropriate Schneider Electric equipment.

Mechanical layout of a typical baggage handling system

Arriving Aircraft

Baggage Hall
Unloading

Domestic Bag Reclaim Loading Point

G
OO

BRS

BRS

BRS

BRS

r
fe

ns

a
Tr

Domestic Bag Reclaim

Check In Bank B
Docks 7 to 16

HBS
BRS

HBS Level 3

Empty
Wessex/Can
Store

International Bag Reclaim

Wessex/Can Make Up
p
BRS

BRS

Check In Bank A
Docks 1 to 6

ms

International Bag Reclaim Loading Point

Store
OOG
BRS
Loading

Loading

Departing Aircraft

HBS

Departing Bags

OOG Apron Area

Reclaimed Bags whith PAX


Full Wessex/Can Trains
OOG = Out of Gauge Bags

40

OOG

Arriving Bags

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Concourse

Evolving, complex demands


Baggage Handling Systems have to cope with the following:
Trends
Higher numbers of passenger

Larger airport sites


Shorter turn-around times
More diverse baggage (size, fragility, weight, straps)
100% Hold Baggage Screening

Airline and passenger requirements

100% Performance

No missed connection of bags: bags follow the passengers as they move...


Off-loading of baggage in the case of no-show passengers

Bag rerouting in case of passenger flight changes (cancellation, re-routing...)


No lost bags
No damaged bags
All bags traceable
Check-in < 20 min before departure
Transfer connections < 30 min
Arrivals to reclaim < 10 min
Early check-in

Airport requirements

Reduced space requirements

Ready for future extensions


Continuity of service in case of retrofit or extension
Minimum Life Cycle Costs (= investment + operating costs)
Highest levels of:
Safety
Availability
Reliability

Maintainability

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

41

BHS

Baggage Handling System


Mapping Schneider Electric product application
to functional requirements
A comprehensive offer to distribute and control power, from MV/LV substations to
motors

The MV/LV substation transforms the primary medium voltage supply into low
voltage via an ATS (automatic transfer source), a static converter which generates
secured 220V 3-phase + neutral.
Those three voltages power the main electrical control panel. 220V secured
power supplies all critical equipment:
24V = power supply of field sensors and actuators, programmable logic
controllers PLC, human machine interface HMI, inspection equipment, computers
and associated peripheral devices (screens...). Regular 220V supplies lights and
outlets. 400V supplies all the conveyor motors. All the supplies are grouped
in sections corresponding to emergency stop chains: e-stop push-buttons
disconnecting all the apparatus located within a section, with a contactor
(seca for example). All circuit breakers have auxiliary contacts wired to the PLC
for information feedback on electrical supply status to the SCADA monitoring

Electrical Distribution for BHS: Typical Single Line Diagram

400V 3Ph
220V 3Ph

Alternate
400 V source

UPS

220V Backup

220 V - 3Ph+N

220 V - 3Ph
11 kW

C60N

LV PCC

C60N

5 kW

150 kVA

U220 V 3 F + N Backup
C60N

LV PCC

MN 1

Battery
Backup

U220 V 3 F

MN 2

C60N
C60N

~ 20 kW

30ma

= 24 V

Compact
NS/C/Cm
MasterPact
NI

Compact
NS

LV PCC

Diris meters

ASC

400 V - 3Ph

Bus Bar

SECA

Sub
Station

U400 V 3 F

Interpact

Multi 9

C60N
LC1 D

API B API A
GV2L

Safety Lights

Hall 1
Other Halls

42

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

Common

M
075 - 3kW

EDSB

Tomo

Tomography

EDSA

Con
ntrol
Pan
nel

Bank A

Secb

Seca
PWS

KM
Altivar

Bank B

E-stop Remote I/O


chain Panels

Teg
go P
g
Pow
werr
w

Section A

Secb
PWS

C32

Seca

Hall 3
Lightd
d & outlets

Compact NS

Low voltage
switchboards
Pannelboards:

Telemecanique Tego
Power
Quickfit technology for

Okken, Prisma P,
Prisma G,
Switchgears:

assembly and
connection of motor
starter components

Masterpact, Compact,
C120, NG125

No tools needed

Prisma

Tego Power

Telemecanique range
of Tesys contactors
and relays

Telemecanique Altivar
Variable Speed Drive
range

From 6A to 2 750A
Thermal, electronic
and multifunction relays

Altivar 11:
0.18 - 2.2 kW
Altivar 28:
0.37 - 15 kW

Tesys U contactor

Altivar ATV 11

Telemecanique Tesys
GV2 combined starter
(circuit breaker +
contactor)
Up to 30kW
One stop chop
Compactness
Easy connection
Tesys GV2

Telemecanique LH-4
soft starter range
simple, low-cost
options for small drives
(6 to 85A)
Altistart 48
(17 to 1200A)

Soft starter ATS

MGE UPS
Galaxy range
a full range from 10

EDS*

to 800 kVA
autonomy of up to
8 hours

HDX*

Hold Baggage Screaning process

Galaxy

* EDS : Electronic Detection System


HDX : High Definition X ray

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

43

BHS

Baggage Handling System


All you need to control and monitor the BHS
process
Automation equipment includes the following functions:

PLC and MMI for control and monitoring

Motor starters
Variable speed drives

Slow start
Sensor connection boxes are distributed in the field
Electrical distribution status, including energy consumption and other
parameters

Explosive detection systems, x-ray, tomography

Emergency stop chains enabling selective breaking of the sections closest to


the fault (machine directive)

Complete weighing solution for check-in counters

Complete weighing solution for check-in counters


Momemtum weighing module
Magelis screen
PLC (Premium or Quantum)
Specific code for the application

Automation: Devices overview


E Stop 2

Power
Meters

Motorr
starters
e

In
Out

Serial

Electrical
Distribution

FipIO

PS
CPU
Serial

PLC TSX*
Premuim

R I/O

O
O

Slow-start
-s
Drives
s

MMI
Magelis

Deflecting unit
Function
1
conveyor
3
deflection
3
2 way motor VSD driven

Altivar

Variable Speed
Drives

0
1

E Stop 1

R I/O
M

R I/O

EDS
M

Injection conveyor

Function
inje
j
ction
MMI

1
3
1

0
1

Function
1
conveyor
3
Bag virtual number via serial

0
1

R I/O

M
M

Check-in double bank


Function
W: weighing
g g left
W: weighing right
C: converting
D: down
Shutter
I: injection
MMI

1
5
5
3
3
3
3
3

0
1
1
1
1

Collector conveyor
Function
1
collection
3
MMI
3
2 way motor VSD driven

0
1

R I/O

Valve conveyor
Function
1
injection 2x
6
valve
4
safety
3
2 way motor VSD driven

1
4
E Stop 3

44

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

0
2

Telemecanique

Magelis Digital

Premium PLC range


rack format - up to 16

MMI range
simple text displays

up to 1024 I/O

with function keys


semi-graphical
displays with function
keys

Premium

colour TFT graphical


terminals with

Magelis

touchscreen

Modicon Quantum

Telemecanique

PLC range
rack format - up to 32
scaleable modular

Harmony range
push-buttons
indicators

architectures
up to 64,000 I/O
hot stand by

selector switches

Quantum

Harmony range

Momentum distributed
I/Os
standard I/Os
weighing module

Momentum

Telemecanique
detection range
photo-electric
detection
inductive and
capacitive proximity
detection
Preventa range of
safety modules

Detection range

Motor Starter
ATV Range

Advantys distributed
I/Os

for motor ratings


between 0.18kW and
15kW

Embedded Web
(configuration,
diagnostics and access
to variables), TCP/IP
Modbus, SNMP agent

Motor Starter ATV31

Advantys Distributed I/Os

Motor Starter Encloser


for AS-i bus
Therma-magnetic circuit
breaker, Low
consumption contactor,
Electronic control device
IP55
Motor Starter encloser
Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

45

Passenger Boarding Bridge

Passenger Boarding Bridge


The number of passengers has shown a constant trend towards growth
accompanied by an everincreasing demand for comfort, speed, and reliability.
Passenger Boarding Bridges are one of the keystone of a smooth traffic flow,
explaining why they deserve the airport authorities or airline companies
undivided attention.

Reliability
Passenger Boarding Bridges are asked to combine the maximum levels of
quality, ensuring maximum level of service, with very life cycle costs (investment,
maintenance and operation)

Traceability
Should the aircraft suffer from the Boarding Bridge positionning, it is very
important to trace all the movements, to be able to identify responsability.

Intercommunication
Passenger Boardig Bridges, like any other device in an airport, have to
communicate with external systems, Scada, control rooms In some cases,
Passenger Boarding Bridges are networked to ease operations, the PBB server
downloading the service program days before the operations.

46

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

A comprehensive and relevant offering leading specialized OEMs to design and


manufacture PBB adapted to airport needs
Both control products (PLCs, HMIs, motor drives) and power supply products
contribute to get smooth operations, reliability, traceability, intercommunication.

Telemecanique

Telemecanique Aidiag

Premium PLC range


rack format - up to 16
up to 1024 I/O

Module
- enhanced memory
(traceability,
networking),
client/server OPC
architecture

Premium

Magelis

Aidiag
Magelis Digital
MMI range
simple text displays
with function keys
semi-graphical
displays with function
keys
colour TFT graphical
terminals with
touchscreen

Telemecanique
Harmony range
push-buttons
indicators
selector switches

Harmony range
Telemecanique Tesys
GV2 combined starter
(circuit breaker +
contactor)
Up to 30kW
One stop chop
Compactness
Easy connection

Telemecanique range
of Tesys contactors
and relays
From 6A to 2 750A
Thermal, electronic
and multifunction relays

Tesys U contactor

Tesys GV2
Telemecanique Tego
Power

Telemecanique Altivar
Variable Speed Drive
range
Altivar 11:

Quickfit technology for


assembly and
connection of motor

0.18 - 2.2 kW
Altivar 28:
0.37 - 15 kW

starter components
No tools needed

Tego Power

Altivar ATV 11
Low Voltage
switchboards
- Panelboards : Okken,
Prisma P, Prisma G
- switchgears:
Masterpact, Compact,
C120, NG125

Prisma
Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

47

10

Expertise

Services for airports,


from Design to Renovation
The safety of passengers and equipment is more than ever the principal concern
of airport facility managers, together with maintaining full control of landing,
take-off and ground traffic facilities.
The continuity of baggage handling systems and passenger terminal services is
just as vital as well when it comes to maintaining smooth traffic.
The reliability and availability of the different systems (control tower, airfield
ground lighting, baggage handling, passenger terminal) rely directly the electrical
power supply. For very high availability, the power supply must be designed
(equipment, network architectures,...) and also operated (operating modes,
monitoring, maintenance,...) within a strict budget.
So that you can determine, implement and maintain the conditions for optimal
dependability, Schneider Electric offers you a range of proven, world class
services for the 4 main stages in the life of an airport: from the initial design to
renovations.

Design

Construction

Establishing
requirements

Facilitating
implementation

Identifying constraints

Assisting with the


choice and costing of
optimal solutions

Guaranteeing
performance

Optimizing costs

Renovation

Operation

Upgrading to comply
with new regulations

Ensuring correct
operation

Commissioning of
new runways and
terminals

Providing costeffective maintenance

Improvement of
performances

Schneider Electric offers a catalogue of services ranging from consulting to the


implementation of maintenance policies, and also including dependability and
network studies.
48

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

D
es
ig
n
C
on
st
ru
ct
O
io
pe
n
ra
tio
R
n
en
ov
at
io
n

Catalogue of Schneider Electric


Services offerings for Airports

N Design and solutions


1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Electrical network
T
Electrical network architecture (greater reliability
and availability)
Electrical network design (load shedding, control systems,...)
Harmonic filtering
Power factor correction
Auditing of installed base (ED + Automation)
Process control
Secured Process Control Architecture
Process control design (communication network,
choice of PLCs)
Others
Energy bill forecasts for the different airport entities

Maintenance
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Definition of optimal maintenance plan


Scheduled manufacturer maintenance
Diagnosis - Conditional maintenance
Preventive maintenance (conditional)
Preventive maintenance (predictive - e_analysis)
Assessment and diagnosis of problems
Guaranteed maintainability (optimal spare part management)

Training
16
17
18
19
20

Training
Training
Training
Training
Training

on
on
on
on
on

Dependability
Scheduled Application Dependability
Process Control Architectures
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
electrical network design

The data sheets on the different services listed above are available on request.

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

49

Schneider Electrics Airport Products Offer

11

Product offer overview

MV panelboards
CBGS, MCset, SM6,
CAS 36, RM6

UPS
Galaxy range

Power and Light busbar trunking


Canalis range

50

MV/LV transformers
Trihal

Power quality devices


Rectiphase capacitor
banks,
MGE UPS systems
THM,
AccuSine active filter

Power monitoring
device
PowerLogic range

ED monitoring
and control unit
Easergy range

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

High Power
LV circuit breakers
Masterpact, Compact

Final Distribution
LV circuit breakers
C60, C120, NG125

LV panelboards
Okken, Prisma

TAC display units &


Controlers

Infra connectors

PLCs
Premium
and Quantum range

Man Machine Interface


Magelis screen,
Harmony range of push
buttons and indicators

Variable Speed Drives


Altivar range

Detection
and safety modules
photo cell, Preventa

Motor contactors
& relays
Tesys, TegoPower

Schneider Electric - Airport Solution Guide 2005

51

Schneider Electric
Ltd

Stafford Park 5
Telford
United Kingdom
Tel: 0870 608 8 608
Fax: 0870 608 8 606

Publishing: Schneider Electric


Design: Pierre Girardier,
Illustrations: CBJ Crations
Photos: Schneider Electric
Printing:

This document has been


printed on a ecological paper

http://www.schneider.co.uk

ART.57708

09/04

INFED103040EN

Schneider Electric is a Member of PROAVIA, an Associate Member of ALFA-ACI and AOA