223 views

Original Title: Geotech direct shear test

Uploaded by Yim Jiun Jye

- Direct Shear
- Direct Shear Test result
- Direct Shear (Original)
- Direct Shear Box Test
- Experiment 12-Direct Shear [EDocFind.com]
- Direct Shear Test
- Report Full Direct Shear Test Edit (Repaired)
- Direct Shear
- Shear Box Test
- Shear Box Lab Report
- Direct Shear Test
- Lab 1 Direct Shear Lab 1 Direct Shear TestTest
- Direct Shear Test
- Direct Shear Test
- Direct Shear Test
- Direct Shear
- Identification of Igneous Rock (Conclusion)
- Direct Shear Box Test
- Consolidation Test
- LAB 5 Consolidation

You are on page 1of 15

Introduction

Direct shear test is commonly used to determine the shear strength properties of cohesion less

soils (i.e.: sands and gravels) because of simplicity in strength testing. Also it is a advantageous

for shearing cohesive soil into large strain of deformation and the residual strength can be

determined. The shear strength properties are needed for engineering analysis such as

determining the stability of slope, and finding th bearing capacity of foundations.

Objective

To determine the internal friction angle of a fine, dry sand.

Standard reference:

British standard 1377-part 7: shear strength tests (total stress)

Apparatus

2. Wood tamper

3. Direct shear machine

4. Shear box:

a) Loading cap

b) Top half

c) Separating screws

d) Locking pins

Test procedures

1. The inner dimensions of the shear box and the inner area (A) was measured and calculated.

2. The top and the bottom halves of shear box was fixed together by locking pins.

3. 127g of sand was weight out to the nearest 0.1g

4. The soil was placed in three layers into the shear box so that the surface of the specimen

coincide with the level mark inside the box (the height of specimen, h=14.115mm). 25 times

tamping was applied on each layer using a wood tamper.

5. Any spilled or removed material was collected, the total of the unused soil was weight to the

nearest 0.1g, and the initial mass of the specimen (Mo) was determined.

6. The porous plate was placed on the specimen. The plate was gently bed down to form a level

surface.

7. The shear box was placed in the direct shear machine. The shear box was clamp in, and

advances the screw manually so that all moving part was seared snugly against one another.

8. A normal force (N) was applied by putting a 2kg load on the dead weight system.

9. Position and zero the deformation indicators (horizontal and vertical dial gauges)

10. The locking pins from the shear box was removed and turn the separating screws one-quarter

of a turn to separate the top and bottom halves of the shear box.

11. The shearing of the specimen was begun at a deformation rate

( H / t )

of

12. Reading of the force measuring device (F) was recorded, the horizontal displacement gauge (

H ), the vertical deformation gauge ( v ), and elapse time, at a regular intervals of

H=0.1mm . please

take note that 1 Div = 0.01 mm for dial gauge, while 1 Div = 0.0074 kN for force

measurement proving ring.

13. The test after the shear force (F) readings drops significantly was stopped or remains constant

for a continuous 3 readings.

14. The machine was reverse to release shear force. Take the normal load off.

15. The shear box was removed carefully from machine and empties the shear box.

16. The test by changing the normal load in step (8) to 4kg was repeated.

Results:

Height before fill in sand = 37.34mm

Height after fill in sand = 7.845mm

Thickness of porous plate = 6.83mm

Sample height, h= 22.665mm

mo=

Mass of soil,

129.8g

I) Calculation

a) Bulk density,p

=

mo

A h

3 2

A 0.05988 0.05982=3.58 10 m

129.8 103

( 3.58 103 ) 0.022665

3

=1.599 10 kg m

b) Normal stress,

n =k

( NA )

n =100 kN /m2

100=

N

3

3.58 10

N=3.58 10 kN /m

c) Shear stress, t

=

F

A

=

F=0. 320 kN ,

0.320

3.58 103

=89.39 kN / m

Test Data 1

Horizontal

Displacement, H

DIV

mm

0

0

Vertical

Displacement, V

DIV

mm

0

0

Shear

Force, F

kN

0

20

0.2

-1

-0.01

0.108

40

0.4

-2

-0.02

0.156

60

0.6

-2.2

-0.022

0.196

80

0.8

-1.9

-0.019

0.231

100

0.252

120

1.2

2.5

0.025

0.267

140

1.4

0.05

0.281

160

1.6

7.5

0.075

0.292

180

1.8

10

0.1

0.301

200

12.5

0.125

0.306

220

2.2

15

0.15

0.308

240

2.4

17.5

0.175

0.31

260

2.6

19.5

0.195

0.31

shear

stress

0

30.15057

196

43.55082

616

54.71770

466

64.48872

335

70.35133

456

74.53891

4

78.44732

148

81.51821

307

84.03076

073

85.42662

054

85.98496

447

86.54330

839

86.54330

839

280

2.8

21.5

0.215

0.309

300

23.5

0.235

0.309

320

3.2

26

0.26

0.31

86.26413

643

86.26413

643

86.54330

839

100

90

80

70

60

shear stress,t (kN/m

50

40

30

20

10

0

0

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

0.3

0.25

0.2

0.15

vertical displacement ,v (mm

0.1

0.05

0

-0.05

200

150

Shear Stress, (kN/m2) 100

50

0

0

50

100

150

200

250

n' = nu ; givenu=0 , pore water pressure remains zero throughout the test.

'

n = n0

n' = n

=c+ n tan

'

c=c

'

For sand, c=c =0

86.543=0+100 tan

'

= =40.874

= '

Height after fill in sand = 6.066mm

Thickness of porous plate = 6.83mm

Sample height, h= 24.444mm

mo=

Mass of soil,

137.4g

a) Bulk density,p

=

mo

A h

3 2

A 0.05988 0.05982=3.58 10 m

137.4 103

( 3.58 103 ) 0.02444

=1.569 10 3 kg m3

b) Normal stress,

n =k

( NA )

n =200 k N /m2

200=

N

3.58 103

N=7.16 10 kN /m

c) Shear stress, t

=

F

A

=

F=0.6396 kN ,

0. 6396

3.58 103

=178.66 kN /m

Horizontal

Displacement,H

DIV

mm

0

0

Vertical Displacement,

V

DIV

mm

0

0

Shear

Force, F

kN

0

20

0.2

-2.5

-0.025

0.198

40

0.4

-4.5

-0.045

0.312

60

0.6

-5

-0.05

0.386

80

100

0.8

1

-4.5

-3

-0.045

-0.03

0.442

0.481

120

1.2

-1.5

-0.015

0.532

140

1.4

0.539

160

1.6

2.5

0.025

0.556

180

1.8

4.5

0.045

0.566

200

0.07

0.573

220

2.2

8.5

0.085

0.577

240

260

2.4

2.6

11

13

0.11

0.13

0.581

0.582

shear stress

0

55.2760485

9

87.1016523

2

107.760377

5

123.394007

5

134.281714

148.519484

1

150.473687

8

155.219611

2

158.011330

8

159.965534

5

161.082222

4

162.198910

2

162.478082

280

2.8

14.5

0.145

0.579

300

16

0.16

0.578

320

3.2

17

0.17

0.578

180

160

140

120

100

shear stress,t (kN/m

80

60

40

20

0

0

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

2

161.640566

3

161.361394

4

161.361394

4

0.2

0.15

0.1

vertical displacement ,v (mm

0.05

0

0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5

-0.05

-0.1

200

178.61

150

Shear Stress, (kN/m2) 100

50

0 0

0

50

100

150

200

250

n' = nu ; givenu=0 , pore water pressure remains zero throughout the test.

n' = n0

For sand,

'

c=c =0

162.478=0+ 200tan

=' =39.09

'

n = n

=c+ n tan

c=c'

= '

Discussion :

In this experiment, two sets of data is obtained by using two different normal stress which

are 32.0 kPa and 64.0 kPa and value is calculated to be 40.87 and 39.09 respectively. The

typical value can be obtained using the graph below.

As both of the results obtained are around 40, we can categories the soil we use as sand.

In the graph of shear stress () vs normal stress (n), the larger value implies a denser soil. In

the experiment, as a higher force is applied, the particles of the soil will pack tightly, forcing air

out and increasing its shear strength. Since the particles are closer to each other, it means that the

soils is denser relating a higher density will yield a higher shear strength

From the shear stress () vs horizontal displacement (H) graphs plotted above showing

that the maximum of shear stresses of these samples are 85.946kN/m^2 and 161.974kN/m2

under different normal stresses of 32.0kPa and 64.0kPa respectively. Also, from the graph, it is

seen that when a higher normal stress acts upon the soil, the higher the maximum shear stress is

recorded. The drop in vertical displacement might be due to the soil forcing air out, condensing

it. As the horizontal displacement continue, the soil will be unable to condense anymore, pushing

Conclusion

From our experiment and the shear stress graph above, the maximum value of the shear

2

soil stresses which are 96.944 kN /m and 169.167kN/m2. And angle of the internal friction,

' values for 2 different max shear stresses are 25.86 and 40.22 respectively calculated by

the formula stated above.

- Direct ShearUploaded bykictodd
- Direct Shear Test resultUploaded by7e1a8821
- Direct Shear (Original)Uploaded byNurul Abdul Jalil
- Direct Shear Box TestUploaded byMuhammad Yusoff Zakaria
- Experiment 12-Direct Shear [EDocFind.com]Uploaded byPatrick Campbell
- Direct Shear TestUploaded byneeru143
- Report Full Direct Shear Test Edit (Repaired)Uploaded byAsyraf Malik
- Direct ShearUploaded byShiva Jake Ramberan
- Shear Box TestUploaded byNoor
- Shear Box Lab ReportUploaded byAhmad Al-Rifai
- Direct Shear TestUploaded byAmin Saufi
- Lab 1 Direct Shear Lab 1 Direct Shear TestTestUploaded by7e1a8821
- Direct Shear TestUploaded byskyxiaochen
- Direct Shear TestUploaded byAsfahan Ali
- Direct Shear TestUploaded byNishanth Nanthakumar
- Direct ShearUploaded byVenura
- Identification of Igneous Rock (Conclusion)Uploaded byWHfamily
- Direct Shear Box TestUploaded byarid132
- Consolidation TestUploaded byNicholas Kwong
- LAB 5 ConsolidationUploaded byHafiza Kamaruddin
- direct shear testUploaded byshahrolhazrien
- Direct Shear TestUploaded byAh Gus
- Lab Direct Shear Test- NewUploaded byLaBuHiTam
- ConsolidationUploaded byKanchana Randall
- Direct Shear TestUploaded byObaid Khalid
- Direct Shear TestUploaded byChristina Ng
- Direct Shear Box and Ring Shear Test Comparison Why Does Internal Friction Angle VaryUploaded byBarry Ocay
- Shear Box TestUploaded byNurul Adha
- Unconsolidated Undrained Triaxial Test On ClayUploaded bygrantyboy84
- shear box testUploaded byEya Iyan

- Lecture 33Uploaded byroshanrsv
- KetakiKerur2010Uploaded byXiaohua Yu
- Radovic MarkovicUploaded byKruh Kwabena Isaac
- SQL Server DBA Interview QuestionsUploaded byjeffa123
- GS_EE118Uploaded byCepheid Faarjana
- MTO BE 25000Uploaded byThiên Khánh
- SAP PM USER TRAINING.ppsUploaded byDeepakGawas
- TDA2009a DatasheetUploaded byicecore02
- WDS ON TP LINK ROUTERSUploaded byKristy Hurley
- Infineon CrossUploaded byAllYn090888
- Instruction Guide EfergyUploaded byAJ Emandien
- IES-CE-O-I-2009(gate2016.info)Uploaded byGR Kanna
- IIAEM Brochure 2011Uploaded byReaper-Aeikansh Chauhan
- Multix Swing DatasheetUploaded byatmroo9
- Mistery Shopping Case Study on Telecom IndustryUploaded bysurajitbijoy
- xattrUploaded bytester
- 01- Valves -dUploaded byPhạm Minh Khánh
- MynxBookUploaded byapi-3804875
- 3rd unit lp q3Uploaded byapi-371644879
- Dynamic Solar Powered Robot Using Dc-dc Sepic TopologyUploaded byesatjournals
- cplusplus.com - The C++ Resources NetworkUploaded byCuantico7
- Ford Figo - Distance to Empty FAQ'sUploaded byfirbie
- Gantrail Technical Datasheets Catalogue 0217Uploaded byArquímedes López Lanz
- SINGLE Duct S for Europe_R410A_50Hz_Deluxe_Ver_1_4_TDBUploaded byCallany Anycall
- Web3.0_development_kit_interfaces_description.pdfUploaded byMarcelo Contreras
- Master classUploaded bysabrahima
- Prospect Coal Liquefaction IndonesiaUploaded byawang
- Use of humeral espines in combat in Espadarana prosoblepon.pdfUploaded bySonia Cortés
- 37049-023-ino-tacr-01.pdfUploaded bySilvia Anastasia
- OBDC DriversUploaded byNISHANTHVOLAM