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ADJUSTABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES MEDIUM VOLTAGE

SECTION 16349B
SECTION 16349B
ADJUSTABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES MEDIUM VOLTAGE
PART 1
1.1

GENERAL

SCOPE
A. This Specification defines the requirements for Medium Voltage Adjustable Frequency Drive
Systems (AFDs) for the operation of 3000 hp motors.
B. The Bidder shall prepare the bid to be in complete compliance with this specification. Any
exception shall be included in the bid with an explanation, clearly indicating the paragraph
of this specification to which the exception applies, and concisely stating the reasons.
C. Unless clearly identified as an exception, this specification shall have precedence where
there is conflict between bidders descriptive information and this specification.
D. The contractor shall furnish all tools, equipment, material, supplies and perform all labor
required to install the medium voltage adjustable frequency drive system[s] as indicated on
the drawings and specified herein in order install, test and place the AFDs into satisfactory
operation.

1.2

RELATED SECTIONS
A. Section 16362 Fuses Medium Voltage
B. Section 16901 Microprocessor-Based Metering Equipment

1.3

C.

Section 16341 Metal-Enclosed Bus Medium Voltage

D.

Section

16950A Partial Discharge Sensors in MV Switchgear.

E.

Section

16903 Protective Relays

F.

Section

16911 Power Monitoring Communication Systems

REFERENCES
A. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
B. IEEE 519 Guide for Harmonic Control and Reactive Compensation of Static Power
Converters
C. IEEE 1100 Powering and Grounding Sensitive Electronic Equipment
D. National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
E. NEMA ICS 6 Industrial Control and Systems Enclosures
F. NEMA ICS 7 Industrial Control Systems Adjustable Speed Drives
G. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
H. NPFA 70 National Electrical Code (NEC)

I.

Underwriters Laboratory

Note to Spec. Writer - Optional


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SECTION 16349B
J. UL 347 Medium Voltage Power Conversion Equipment
1.4

SUBMITTALS FOR REVIEW/APPROVAL


A. The buyer shall approve final ship drawings prior to release for manufacturing. These
drawings shall be provided for all the equipment included in this specification. The AFD
Manufacturer shall provide digital copies of:
1. Dimensional outline and plan arrangement drawings including clearance requirements,
foundation details and weights.
2.

Electrical schematics, wiring and interconnection drawings.

B. The Manufacturer shall provide overall efficiency data at 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% speed
for all components.
C. The AFD manufacturer shall provide system total power factor data at 25%, 50%, 75% and
100% load.
D. The bidder shall provide harmonic calculations to the 49th harmonic with the bid when
requested. The calculations shall show total harmonic voltage and current distortion at the
designated Point of Common Coupling (PCC)
1.5

SUBMITTALS FOR CONSTRUCTION


A. The following information shall be submitted for record purposes:
1. Final as-built drawings and information for items listed in Paragraph 1.04 above, and
shall incorporate all changes made during the manufacturing process.
2. Wiring diagrams
3. Certified production test reports
4. Installation information, including equipment anchorage provisions
5. Seismic certification as specified.
6. Descriptive bulletins
7. Product sheets
8. Harmonic Analysis

1.6

QUALIFICATIONS
A. All equipment furnished under this section shall be warranted by the installing contractor and
the equipment manufacturer(s) for a minimum period of one year after completion of startup or 18 months after shipment, whichever occurs first.
B. The AFD manufacturer shall have ISO 9001 certification.
C. The AFD manufacturer shall be able to provide start-up service, 24-hour/day emergency call
service, repair work, maintenance and troubleshooting training of customer personnel.
D. The supplier of the assembly shall be the manufacturer of the electromechanical power
components used within the assembly, such as bypass contactors when specified.
E. The supplier of this equipment shall have produced similar electrical equipment for a
minimum period of five (5) years. When requested by the Engineer, an acceptable list of

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SECTION 16349B
installations with similar equipment shall be provided demonstrating compliance with this
requirement.
F. Adjustable Frequency Drives shall be on the basis of Cutler-Hammer SC9000 Series for
function and quality. Products that are in compliance with the specification and
manufactured by others will be considered as Approved Equal only if pre-approved by the
Engineer fourteen (14) days prior to bid date. Alternate suppliers shall submit documentation
showing itemized compliance to the specifications and experience specific to the proposed
AFD including a list showing details of the installation, application, location, contact name
and telephone number of at least 10 users.
G. Provide Seismic qualified equipment as follows:
1. The equipment and major components shall be suitable for and certified by actual
seismic testing to meet all applicable seismic requirements of the 2006 International
Building Code (IBC). Equipment certification acceptance criteria shall be based upon
the ability for the equipment to be returned to service immediately after a seismic
event within the above requirements without the need for repairs.
2. The following minimum mounting and installation guidelines shall be met, unless
specifically modified by the above referenced standards.
a. The Contractor shall provide equipment anchorage details, coordinated with the
equipment mounting provision, prepared and stamped by a licensed civil engineer in
the state. Mounting recommendations shall be provided by the manufacturer based
upon the above criteria to verify the seismic design of the equipment.
b. The equipment manufacturer shall certify that the equipment can withstand, that is,
function following the seismic event, including both vertical and lateral required
response spectra as specified in above codes.
c. The equipment manufacturer shall document the requirements necessary for proper
seismic mounting of the equipment. Seismic qualification shall be considered
achieved when the capability of the equipment, meets or exceeds the specified
response spectra.
1.7

REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS
A. The AFD shall meet the following:

1.8

1.

ANSI / NEMA Standards

2.

UL

3.

CSA

DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING


A. Equipment shall be handled and stored in accordance with manufacturers instructions. One
(1) copy of these instructions shall be included with the equipment at time of shipment.

1.9

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUALS

A. Equipment operation and maintenance manuals shall be provided with each assembly
shipped, and shall include instruction leaflets and instruction bulletins for the complete
assembly and each major component.
Note to Spec. Writer - Optional
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SECTION 16349B
PART 2
2.1

PRODUCTS

MANUFACTURERS
A. Eaton
B.

__________

C.

__________

The listing of specific manufacturers above does not imply acceptance of their products that do
not meet the specified ratings, features and functions. Manufacturers listed above are not
relieved from meeting these specifications in their entirety. Products in compliance with the
specification and manufactured by others not named will be considered only if pre-approved by
the Engineer ten (10) days prior to bid date.
2.2

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
A. The system shall consist of the following main components: one medium voltage adjustable
frequency drive (AFD), fused isolation switch, isolation contactor, drive isolation/phase
shifting transformers with minimum 24 pulse rectification, DC bus pre-charge circuit, output
harmonic filter as necessary. All above items are to be integrated in one AFD enclosure not
to exceed W x D x H.
B. The integrated dedicated fused contactor with isolation switch will be rated to protect the
AFD from specified short-circuit levels. The minimum interrupting rating of the input
contactor shall be 8500A @ 400A and 12,500A @ 800A. The AFD enclosure doors shall be
interlocked to prevent opening when main power is available.
C. DC bus capacitor charging is accomplished by use of a DC bus pre charge circuit. The DC
bus capacitors are charged before application of main power, which limits the very high
damaging inrush currents to the main rectifier/converter bridge devices. When the proper
DC bus voltage is attained, the pre-charge circuit is turned off.
D. The AFD shall meet the requirements of IEEE 519. The point of common coupling shall be
located at the utility. The harmonic current distortion shall not exceed the limits listed in table
10.3 of IEEE 519. The harmonic voltage distortion shall not exceed the limits listed in table
11.1 of IEEE 519.
E. Drive shall operate with a +/-10 % voltage variation.
F. The AFD shall be rated for 60kV BIL and 50ka short circuit.
G. Auxiliary power 480V, 3-phase, 50/60 Hz shall be provided internal to the integrated Drive.
External auxiliary supply voltage sources will not be acceptable.
H. The drive will be suitable for the motor(s) rated 2300/4160V, 3-phase, 60 Hz, XXX hp.
I.

For variable torque applications the overload capacity shall be 110% of rated current for 1
minute repeated every 10 minutes. For constant torque applications the overload capacity
shall be 150% of rated current for 1 minute repeated every 10 minutes.

J. The AFD shall be suitable for use with a new or an existing standard squirrel cage motor
with 1.0 service factor and standard medium-voltage insulation.
Note to Spec. Writer Insert data in blanks
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SECTION 16349B
2.3

INVERTER DESIGN
A. The AFD inverter shall be of the pulse width modulated (PWM) neutral point clamp (NPC)
type. The output devices shall be insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) with a voltage
rating of 3300V for 2400V outputs and 6500V for 4160V outputs. Use of lower voltage rated
devices is unacceptable. The inverter shall be one three phase inverter up to 3000hp and
two in parallel for up to 6000hp capable of roll in roll out design to minimize downtime in the
event of inverter failure. Multiple single-phase inverters will not be acceptable.

2.4

INTEGRATED INPUT ISOLATION TRANSFORMER AND RECTIFIER


A. The AFD shall contain an incoming isolation transformer whose primary voltage shall be as
specified on the data sheet.
B. The transformer shall contain 12 three phase secondary windings that provide the proper
phase shifting to develop a 24-pulse rectification to reduce harmonic currents and voltages
reflected to the primary power system.
C. The transformer shall be copper wound and shall have a 220C insulation system to operate
at 115 C rise at full load conditions.
D. The transformer and rectifier shall be an integral part of the AFD assembly along with
primary disconnect switch, input vacuum contactor and secondary fusing eliminating the
need for separate components, field installation, or wiring.

2.5

RELIABILITY
A. Importance is given for trouble free operation, reliability and availability of the equipment.
B. The manufacturer shall list any control or power components that require recommended
maintenance or replacement before 50,000 hours of operation. Information must be
available in the manufacturer's maintenance manual and available for submittal.
C. The mean time between failure (MTBF) of the AFD shall be greater than 40,000 hours. All
components of the AFD shall be considered for MTBF calculations.
D. The AFD shall be capable of continuous operation (ride-through) in the event of a power
loss of up to 5 cycles.
E. The AFD shall be able to safely operate, without tripping, with up to 30% voltage sag on the
rated input voltage.
F. The inverter shall use IGBT type switches, which shall be rated for at least 130% of the full
motor voltage.
G. The buyer intends to purchase a medium-voltage AFD system. All power semiconductors
and passive power components in both the rectifier and inverter part shall be medium
voltage rated components. Low voltage components are not acceptable in the power
sections.

2.6

INPUT POWER QUALITY


A. The AFD shall comply with the latest edition of IEEE 519 for total harmonic and current
distortion limits and calculations with a minimum of 24-pulse rectification. Anything less than
24 pulse will not be acceptable. The transformer shall contain 12 three phase secondary

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SECTION 16349B
windings that provide the proper phase shifting to develop a 24-pulse rectification to reduce
harmonic currents and voltages reflected to the primary power system.
B. The AFD total harmonic voltage distortion (THD) contribution at each point of common
coupling between the drives and other loads within the facility (Load PCC) shall not exceed
the 5% THD limit recommended for General Systems as listed in Table 11.1of IEEE 519,
throughout the speed range.
C. The AFD fundamental power factor shall be > 0.97. The total power factor at the VFD input
shall be > 0.95, for the load range of 20 to 100%. The AFD manufacturer shall provide a
power factor correction filter if the AFD does not meet this requirement. The AFD including
power factor correction and/or harmonic filter shall never have a leading power factor.
2.7

OUTPUT POWER QUALITY


A. Output waveform switching transients and harmonic content shall have a negligible
contribution to motor heating, acoustical noise in the motor, torsional stress in the power
train, and motor insulation.
B. Common mode voltages on the AFD output shall be isolated from the motor.
C. Motor cable voltage reflections and the resulting restrictions on motor cable length shall be
eliminated.
D. The AFD output shall produce sinusoidal voltage output waveform with less than 3% voltage
total harmonic distortion (THD) throughout the speed range of 30 100% speed. Actual
voltage THD values are required to be stated with the bid to verify compliance.
E. The audible motor noise shall not increase while powered by the AFD's.

2.8

CONTROL FUNCTIONS
A. Frequently accessed AFD programmable parameters shall be adjustable from a digital
operator keypad located on the front of the AFD. The AFDs shall have a three line
alphanumeric programmable display with status indicators. Keypads must use plain English
words for parameters, status, and diagnostic messages. Keypads that are difficult to read or
understand are not acceptable, and particularly those that use alphanumeric code and
tables. Keypads shall be adjustable for contrast with large characters easily visible in
normal ambient light.
B. The keypad shall include a local/remote pushbutton selection. Both start/ stop source and
speed reference shall be independently programmable for keypad, remote I/O, or field-bus.
C. The keypad shall have copy/paste capability.
D. Upon initial power up of the AFD, the keypad shall display a start up guide that will sequence
all the necessary parameter adjustments for general start up.
E. Standard advanced programming and trouble-shooting functions shall be available by using
a personal computers RS-232 port and Windows based software. In addition the
software shall permit control and monitoring via the AFDs RS232 port. The manufacturer
shall supply the required software. An easily understood instruction manual and software
help screens shall also be provided. The computer software shall be used for modifying the
drive setup and reviewing diagnostic and trend information as outlined in this section
through section 18.
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SECTION 16349B
F. The operator shall be able to scroll through the keypad menu to choose between the
following:
1. Monitor
2. Operate
3. Parameter setup
4. Actual parameter values
5. Active faults
6. Fault history
7. LCD contrast adjustment
8. Information to indicate the standard software and optional features software loaded.
G. The following setups and adjustments, at a minimum, are to be available:
1. Start command from keypad, remote or communications port
2. Speed command from keypad, remote or communications port
3. Motor direction selection
4. Maximum and minimum speed limits
5. Acceleration and deceleration times, two settable ranges
6. Critical (skip) frequency avoidance
7. Torque limit
8. Multiple attempt restart function
9. Multiple preset speeds adjustment
10. Catch a spinning motor start or normal start selection
11. Programmable analog output
12. DC brake current magnitude and time
13. PID process controller
2.9

THE AFD SHALL HAVE THE FOLLOWING SYSTEM INTERFACES:


A. Inputs A minimum of six (6) programmable digital inputs, two (2) Analog inputs and serial
communications interface shall be provided with the following available as a minimum:
1. Remote manual/auto
2. Remote start/stop
3. Remote forward/reverse
4. Remote preset speeds
5. Remote external trip
6. Remote fault reset
7. Process control speed reference interface, 4-20mAdc
8. Potentiometer and 1-10Vdc speed reference interface
9. RS232 programming and operation interface port Serial communications port

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SECTION 16349B
B. Outputs A minimum of two (2) discrete programmable digital outputs, one (1)
programmable open collector output, and one (1) programmable analog output shall be
provided, with the following available at minimum.
1. Programmable relay outputs with one (1) set of Form C contacts for each, selectable
with the following available at minimum:
a. Fault
b. Run
c. Ready
d. Reversed
e. Jogging
f. At speed
g. Torque Limit Supervision
h. Motor rotation direction opposite of commanded
i. Over-temperature
2. Programmable open collector output with available 24 Vdc power supply and selectable
with the following available at minimum:
a. Fault
b. Run
c. Ready
d. Reversed
e. Jogging
f. At speed
g. Torque Limit Supervision
h. Motor rotation direction opposite of commanded
i. Over temperature
3. Programmable analog output signal, selectable with the following available at minimum:
a. Motor current
b. Output frequency
c. Frequency reference
d. Motor speed
e. Motor torque
f. Motor power
g. Motor voltage
h. Dc-bus voltage
i. AI1
j. AI2
k. PT100 temperature
l. FB digital input 4
C. Monitoring and Displays
1. The AFDs display shall be a LCD type capable of displaying three (3) lines of text and
the following thirteen (13) status indicators:
a. Run
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SECTION 16349B
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
l.
m.

Forward
Reverse
Stop
Ready
Alarm
Fault
I/O terminal
Keypad
Bus/Comm
Local (LED)
Remote (LED)
Fault (LED)

2. The AFDs keypad shall be capable of displaying the following monitoring functions at a
minimum:
a. Output frequency
b. Frequency reference
c. Motor speed
d. Motor current
e. Motor torque
f. Motor power
g. Motor voltage
h. Dc-bus voltage
i. Unit temperature
j. Calculated motor temperature
k. Voltage level of analog input
l. Current level of analog input
m. Digital inputs status
n. Digital and relay outputs status
o. Analog out
D. Protective Functions
1. The AFD shall include the following protective features at minimum:
a. Over current
b. Over voltage
c. Inverter fault
d. Under voltage
e. Input phase loss
f. Output phase loss
g. Under temperature
h. Over temperature
i. Motor stalled
j. Motor over temperature
k. Motor under load
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SECTION 16349B
l. Logic voltage failure
m. Microprocessor failure
2. The AFD shall provide ground fault protection during power-up, starting, and running.
AFDs with no ground fault protection during running are not acceptable.
E. Diagnostic Features
1. Fault History
2. Record and log faults
3. Indicate the most recent first, and store up to 30 faults.
4. An Emergency-stop (E-Stop) shall be provided on the AFD door in addition to inputs for
customer supplied E-Stop command.
2.10

CONTROL POWER TRANSFORMERS (CPTS)


A. A control power transformer (CPT) shall be provided within the enclosure.
B. The kilovolt-ampere rating of the CPT shall be determined by the manufacturer and shall
have a minimum of 25% spare capacity.
C. The CPT secondary voltage shall be 120 Vac.
D. The CPT primary shall be fused with current limiting fuses with an interrupting rating no less
than 100,000 amperes.
E. The CPT secondary shall be fused and have one terminal grounded.

2.11

INTEGRATED CONTROL-GEAR TOP BUS


A. When specified, a top mounted bus will be an integral part of the AFD design to be
configured as a part of a motor control center or switchgear.
B. Bus bars shall be braced to withstand short circuit currents at a minimum of 50k AIC.

2.12

INTEGRATED INPUT ISOLATION SWITCHGEAR


A. Each AFD shall include an isolation with dedicated fused vacuum type contactor to feed
isolation/phase shifting transformer and ac pre- charge dc bus circuit by the AFD
manufacturer with ratings as described in Part 1, section 3.0 System Description of this
specification.
B. The integrated control-gear shall be suitably rated for 115% of the load current in
accordance with NEC 430-2.

2.13

INTEGRATED DRIVE ISOLATION TRANSFORMER


A. A drive isolation transformer shall be integrated in the AFD enclosure to provide power
conversion from the line voltage to the required AFD voltage and to isolate the line from
harmonics and common mode voltages. The transformer shall conform to ANSI/IEEE C57
or to corresponding IEC standards
B. The transformer shall be designed to withstand a short circuit. It shall maintain
electromagnetic symmetry when only one secondary winding is in short circuit in order to
minimize the resulting short circuit forces. The transformer shall be capable of thermally
withstanding a short circuit for 2 seconds.
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SECTION 16349B
C. Transformers shall be of a high efficiency type with full load losses of no greater than 2%.
D. Transformer winding material shall be copper.
E. Suitable vibration dampers shall be provided with the transformer and its enclosure in order
to attenuate mechanical resonance and to reduce the operational sound level.
F. The transformer shall include electrostatic shielding between the windings to carry high
frequency capacitive currents to ground.
G. Transformer designs shall be open type mounted
H. The transformer shall be of the air-cooled type and be forced ventilated.
I.

2.14

Only rectifier grade K-factor transformers shall be utilized, with K-Factor of 6 for diode
rectifiers. AFD manufacturers providing scr type rectifiers shall include K Factor of 12
transformers for variable torque applications and K Factor of 20 for constant torque
applications.

HARMONIC FILTERS AND POWER FACTOR CORRECTION


A. If required to meet the specification, the AFD manufacturer shall provide a harmonic filter
and power factor correction equipment on the input and output of the AFD.
B. Power factor correction equipment shall be provided if necessary to maintain a constant
input power factor of 0.95 lagging throughout the entire load range.
C. Filters shall be contained and mounted in the AFD enclosure. Freestanding filters will not be
acceptable.
D. Capacitors shall be environmentally safe. Discharge resistors and a method of shorting the
phases shall be provided.
E. Inductors may be air or iron core. Inductors shall have Class F insulation with Class B
temperature rise.
F. There shall be annunciation of filter failure on either input or output.

2.15

EFFICIENCY
A. Overall efficiency of the AFD shall include the drive isolation transformer, AFD and all AFD
auxiliaries, output filter, power factor correction and harmonic filter.
B. AFD system efficiency calculations shall be in accordance with IEEE 995.
C. The overall efficiency shall be not less than 96% at full load, full speed.

2.16

CUSTOMER METERING

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SECTION 16349B
Note to Spec. Writer:
Select devices as required for Paragraph 2.17 A.
Refer to section 16901 for detailed specification for metering.
Power Xpert (Section 16901, Paragraph 2.02 A)
IQ Analyzer-6000 Series (Section 16901, Paragraph 2.02 B.)
IQ DP-4000 Series (Section 16901, Paragraph 2.02 C.)
IQ 300 Series (Section 16901, Paragraph 202 D.)
IQ 250/260 Series (Section 16901, Paragraph 2.02.E)
A. Microprocessor-Based Metering Package
B.

Web-Enabled Communications

1. Where indicated on the drawings, provide a separate compartment with a front facing
hinged door as a central point of connection for all internally located communicating
devices to an external Ethernet network and allow close monitoring of the power
infrastructure with real-time, web-enabled data.
2. The compartment shall have a lockable, hinged door with a functional through-the-door
RJ45 network access port. Power for the components in the compartment shall be
supplied by a pre-wired, bus-connected control transformer in the compartment that is
fused and has a disconnecting means.
3. The included communications components shall be a [Power Xpert Ethernet Switch(es)]
[Power Xpert Gateway(s)], which [is] [are] specified in Section 16911-1(should specify
paragraphs in the section.
2.17

AUXILIARY DEVICES
1. Provide [fixed-] [drawout trunnion-] mounted potential transformers, fused-type, of the
quantity and ratings indicated on the contract drawings
2. Provide window-type current transformers of the quantity and current rating as indicated
on the contract drawings. Current transformer accuracy shall be suitable for the
connected burden
3. Provide an auxiliary control power transformer of the quantity and kVA rating as
indicated on the contract drawings

2.18

ENCLOSURES
A. Indoor enclosures shall be NEMA 1A with gasket and filters.
B. The AFD Converter shall require front access only.
C. The AFD Converter enclosure doors shall include an electromechanical interlocking system
with a safety-grounding device. The grounding device connects the plus, minus and neutral
dc buses to ground to ensure all stored AFD and motor energy is discharged.

D. Enclosures shall be configurable separately or in a continuous line-up. AFDs shall be


capable of being integrated with conventional motor starters, load break switches, circuit
breakers, and reduced voltage starters into a seamless continuous control-gear assembly.
Note to Spec. Writer Optional
Note to Spec. Writer Select one
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SECTION 16349B
E. The drive isolation transformer, fused input contactor, isolation switch, ac pre-charge circuit
contactor, output filter if required, and input harmonic filter and power factor correction filter if
required shall be factory mounted wired by the manufacturer and integrated into the AFD
enclosure.
F. All painted surfaces shall have an exterior finish of ANSI 61 Gray.
G. The enclosure must be designed to avoid harmonic and inductive heating and eliminate
radio frequency interference.
H. The AFD enclosure shall be as per UL 347 standards suitable for installation in an indoor,
unclassified area.
I.

All enclosure openings exceeding 0.25 inch (6 mm) in, width shall be provided with screens
to prevent the entrance of snakes, rodents, etc. The maximum screen mesh opening width
shall be 0.25 inch (6 mm).

J. Air filters shall be of a reusable type that can be easily cleaned. All doors or front panels will
be fully gasketed. Air exhaust from cooling fans will be at the top of the enclosure and direct
exhaust airflow away from personnel in front of the equipment.
2.19

COOLING
A. A loss of cooling fault shutdown shall be furnished with forced-cooled equipment. In the
event of clogged filters or fan failure, the drive will shut down safely without electronic
component failure.
B. Fan motors shall be protected by an input circuit breaker. Metal squirrel cage ball bearing
460V three phase fan motors with 50,000 hour life are to be used in the drive design. Plastic
muffin fans are not acceptable. As specified on the data sheet, fan power will be obtained
from the primary 2400/4160V power through a 480V, 3-phase, 60 Hz internal auxiliary power
supply. In the event of a fault or opening of the main contactor feeding the drive, the fans will
continue to run for a time to allow for sufficient cooling of the drive. Convection cooling in the
case of fault or main contactor opening is unacceptable as a method to insure proper
cooling of the drive.
C. AFD noise level shall be no greater than 75 dB (A) at 3 feet distance from the front of the
AFD and 4 ft above the floor in front of the AFD. AFDs with higher than 75db will not be
acceptable.
D. The AFD shall have adequate fans internal to insure proper operation in the above
referenced ambient. If called for, the AFD shall be capable of adding a redundant fan to
insure operation in the event the primary fan failure.

2.20

AFD ENCLOSURE SPACE HEATERS


A. When specified on the data sheet, space heaters shall be supplied.
B. The space heater circuit shall turn on automatically when the drive is not operating.
C. A fused switch or circuit breaker for space heater circuit shall be provided for overload
protection and as a disconnecting means.
D. When specified on the data sheet, a meter and a test circuit shall be provided on the
enclosure door for indication that space heater power is available.
E. Space heaters elements shall be rated 240 Vac and operated at 120 Vac, single-phase.
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SECTION 16349B
2.21

NAMEPLATES
A. Nameplates shall be 2-inch high x 2-1/2 inch wide, laminated [black with white] [white with
black] core.
B. Unit nameplate and device marker lettering shall be 3/16-inch high.

2.22

FINISH
A. The finish for internal and external parts shall consist of a coat of ANSI 61 (gray)
thermosetting, polyester, powder paint applied electrostatically to pre-cleaned phosphatized
steel and aluminum surfaces.

2.23

ACCESSORIES
A.

PART 3
3.1

Provide a portable lifting device for transporting contactor outside its compartment.

EXECUTION

FACTORY TESTING
A. The AFD System shall undergo standard manufacturing testing.
B. Each AFD shall be factory load tested with an induction motor on a dynamometer or equal
test stand for a minimum of (4) four hours at rated load with AFD system full voltage applied.
C. The manufacturer shall provide three (3) certified copies of factory test reports.
D.

Factory

tests as outlined above shall be witnessed by the owners representative.

1. The manufacturer shall notify the owner two (2) weeks prior to the date the tests are to
be performed
2. The manufacturer shall include the cost of transportation and lodging for _____ owners
representatives. The cost of meals and incidental expenses shall be the owners
3.2

FIELD QUALITY CONTROL


A. The AFD Manufacturer shall provide the services of a factory engineer for the start-up of the
AFD after it is installed according to the manufacturers recommendations. Functional
testing, commissioning and first parameter adjusting is carried out by the factory engineer.
B. 2.2 Testing, final parameter adjustment and performance tests are carried out by the factory
engineer with the customer present.
C. 2.3 Consecutively after commissioning, the factory engineer shall review the customers
operating procedures and provide (2) two hours of basic hands-on maintenance and
operation training to the customers personnel.
D. 2.4 Typical commissioning will be at (3) consecutive eight-hour man-days per AFD. Rate
schedule for commissioning, travel to the jobsite and living expenses during the period of
work shall be included with the bid proposal.

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SECTION 16349B
E. 2.5 Microsoft Windows based software shall be provided for AFD commissioning,
parameters setup, fault log viewing, diagnostic analysis, monitoring and control. The
software shall provide real time graphical displays of AFD performance.
F. The Contractor shall provide three (3) copies of the manufacturers field startup report.
3.3

MANUFACTURERS CERTIFICATION
A. A qualified factory-trained manufacturers representative shall certify in writing that the
equipment has been installed, adjusted and tested in accordance with the manufacturers
recommendations.
B. The Contractor shall provide three (3) copies of the manufacturers representatives
certification.

3.4

TRAINING
A. The Contractor shall provide a training session for five (5) owner representative(s) for

______ normal workday(s) at a job site location determined by the owner.


B. The training session shall be conducted by a manufacturers qualified representative and
include instructions on assembly, starters and other major components.

3.5

INSTALLATION
A. The Contractor shall install all equipment per the manufacturers recommendations and the
contract drawings.
B. All necessary hardware to secure the assembly in place shall be provided by the Contractor.
C. Check all bolted connections to assure that they are in accordance with the manufacturers
recommended torque requirements.

3.6

FIELD ADJUSTMENTS
A. Program the motor protective relays in accordance with the recommendations documented
by the coordination study, Section 16011 or as directed by the Engineer.

3.7

FIELD TESTING
A. Sequence the control circuit to verify that the starter will start and run properly.

3.8

MAINTENANCE / WARRANTY SERVICE


A. Warranty to commence 24 months from the date of start-up, not to exceed 36 months from
the date of shipment, and include all parts, labor, and travel time.
B. Spare Parts
1. The AFD manufacturer shall provide a complete list of spare parts for the AFD.
2. The AFD manufacturer shall provide local support for renewal parts and stock spares
within the Continental USA.
3. As a minimum, the AFD manufacturer shall include these spare parts as part of the bid:

4. 100% spares of each type of medium voltage fuse.


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SECTION 16349B
5. 100% spares of each type of low voltage fuse.
6. One (1) of each type of control printed circuit boards.
7. Special tools for testing or maintaining equipment.
8. All spare printed circuit boards shall be conformally coated and individually packed.

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