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FOREWORD

Construction of government infrastructure facilities of the highest qualityhas always been the primary mandate of the Department of Public Works andHighways (DPWH). Cognizant of the importance of providing effective standardspecifications to be used in the implementation of projects that will producesound, durable and economical structures, this Department has revised the 1995edition of the DPWH Standard Specifications for Highways, Bridges and Airports(Volume II).The revision was made in response to some valid comments on the useof said specifications to suit the actual field conditions and in consonance withthe policy direction of the Department to improve the quality of infrastructureprojects. All previous amendments made as well as new specificationsdeveloped were considered and included in this 2004 edition, for the guidanceand compliance of all concerned.

FLORANTE SORIQUEZ

Acting Secretary

January 24, 2005Department OrderNo. 24Series of 2005))))SUBJECT :

DPWH Standard Specifications for PublicWorks and Highways, 2004 Edition: Volume II,Highways, Bridges and Airports.

It is hereby directed that henceforth, the DPWH Standard Specifications forPublic Works and Highways 2004 Edition: Volume II – Highways,

Bridges and Airportsshall be adopted in the implementation of all infrastructure projects of said categories;except for projects which have already been advertised for bids and for whichspecifications other than the above standards have been adopted. Where necessary, theseStandard Specifications shall be supplemented by special provisions.For strict compliance.All previous issuances contrary with this Order are hereby revoked.SGD

FLORANTE SORIQUEZ

Acting Secretary

VOLUME IISTANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR HIGHWAYS, BRIDGES AND AIRPORTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE PART A- FACILITIES FOR THE ENGINEER --------------------------- 1 PART B- OTHER GENERAL REQUIREMENTS --------------------------- 5 PART C- EARTHWORK --------------------------- 6 Item 100- Clearing and Grubbing --------------- 6 Item 101- Removal of Structures and Obstructions --------------- 9 Item 102- Excavation --------------- 12 Item 103- Structure Excavation --------------- 18 Item 104- Embankment --------------- 24 Item 105- Subgrade Preparation --------------- 31 Item 106- Compaction Equipment and DensityControl Strips--------------- 34 Item 107- Overhaul --------------- 36 PART D- SUBBASE AND BASE COURSE --------------------------- 38 Item 200- Aggregate Subbase Course --------------- 38 Item 201- Aggregate Base Course --------------- 41 Item 202- Crushed Aggregate Base Course --------------- 44 Item 203- Lime Stabilized Road Mix Base Course --------------- 46 Item 204- Portland Cement Stabilized Road MixBase Course--------------- 51 Item 205- Asphalt Stabilized Road Mix BaseCourse--------------- 53 Item 206- Portland Cement Treated Plant MixBase Course--------------- 54 Item 207- Aggregate Stockpile --------------- 57 PART E- SURFACE COURSES --------------------------- 59 Item 300- Aggregate Surface Course --------------- 59 Item 301- Bituminous Prime Coat --------------- 61 Item 302- Bituminous Tack Coat --------------- 63 Item 303- Bituminous Seal Coat --------------- 65 Item 304- Bituminous Surface Treatment --------------- 68 Item 305- Bituminous Penetration MacadamPavement--------------- 73 Item 306- Bituminous Road Mix Surface Course --------------- 78 Item 307- Bituminous Plant-Mix Surface Course-General

Item 308- Cold Asphalt Plant-Mix --------------- 95 Item 309- Bituminous Plant-Mix (StockpileMaintenance Mixture)--------------- 100 Item 310- Bituminous Concrete Surface Course,Hot Laid--------------- 102 Item 311- Portland Cement Concrete Pavement --------------- 104 PART F- BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION --------------------------- 134 Item 400- Piling --------------- 134 Item 401- Railings --------------- 160 Item 402- Timber Structures --------------- 164 Item 403- Metal Structures --------------- 169 Item 404- Reinforcing Steel --------------- 207 Item 405- Structural Concrete --------------- 210 Item 406- Prestressed Concrete Structures --------------- 220 Item 407- Concrete Structures --------------- 230 Item 408- Steel Bridges --------------- 250 Item 409- Welded Structural Steel --------------- 255 Item 410- Treated and Untreated Timber --------------- 267 Item 411- Paint --------------- 269 Item 412- Elastomeric Bearing Pads --------------- 276 Item 413- Pre Molded Joint Filler for ConcretePaving and Structural Construction--------------- 281 PARTG-DRAINAGE AND SLOPEPROTECTION STRUCTURES--------------------------- 282I tem 500- Pipe Culverts and Storm Drains --------------- 282 Item 501- Underdrains --------------- 288 Item 502- Manholes, Inlets and Catch Basins --------------- 291 Item 503- Drainage Steel Grating with Frame --------------- 294 Item 504- Cleaning and Reconditioning ExistingDrainage Structures--------------- 298 Item 505- Riprap and Grouted Riprap --------------- 300 Item 506- Stone Masonry --------------- 304 Item 507- Rubble Concrete --------------- 308 Item 508- Hand-Laid Rock Embankment --------------- 310 Item 509- Sheet Piles --------------- 312 Item 510- Concrete Slope Protection --------------- 313 Item 511- Gabions and Mattresses --------------- 315 PART H- MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES --------------------------- 322 Item 600- Curb and/or Gutter --------------- 322 Item 601- Sidewalk --------------- 326 Item 602- Monuments, Markers and Guide Posts --------------- 329

Item 603- Guardrail --------------- 330 Item 604- Fencing --------------- 334 Item 605- Road Sign --------------- 336 Item 606- Pavement Markings --------------- 340 Item 607- Reflective Pavement Studs --------------- 344 Item 608- Topsoil --------------- 347 Item 609- Sprigging --------------- 348 Item 610- Sodding --------------- 352 Item 611- Tree Planting --------------- 355 Item 612- Reflective Thermoplastic StrippingMaterial (Solid Form)--------------- 362 PART I- MATERIALS DETAILS --------------------------- 367 Item 700- Hydraulic Cement --------------- 367 Item 701- Construction Lime (Hydrated) --------------- 367 Item 702- Bituminous Materials --------------- 370 Item 703- Aggregates --------------- 376 Item 703A- Mineral Filler --------------- 385 Item 704- Masonry Units --------------- 387

Item 705- Joint Materials --------------- 387 Item 706- Concrete Clay, Plastic and Fiber Pipe --------------- 392 Item 707- Metal Pipe --------------- 394 Item 708- Chemical Admixtures For Concrete --------------- 397 Item 709- Paints --------------- 401

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- Item 711- Fence and Guardrail --------------- 406 Item 712- Structural Metal --------------- 408 Item 713- Treated and Untreated Timber --------------- 415 Item 714- Water --------------- 416 Item 715- Geotextiles --------------- 41

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specified in the Contract PART AFACILITIES FOR THE ENGINEER

A.1 REQUIREMENTS

A.1.1 Offices and Laboratories for the Engineer1. The Contractor shall provide and maintain field offices and testinglaboratories, including all the necessary electricity, water, drainage andtelephone services for the use of the Engineer and his staff. The offices andlaboratories shall have at least the floor area prescribed on the Plans and shallcontain the equipment, supplies and furnishings specified in the Contract.Testing equipment supplied in accordance with the Special Provisions shall belocated in testing laboratories as required by the Engineer. All offices andlaboratories shall be ready for occupancy and use by the Engineer within two (2)months of the commencement of the Works. Their location and final plan shallrequire the approval of the Engineer prior

to the start of construction. It is theintent of this Specification to locate the field offices and laboratories ingovernment owned lots so

that the use by the government of these facilities canbe maximized even

after the completion of the project. However,

if nogovernment lot is available, and these structures are to be erected on privateproperty, it is the responsibility of the Contractor to

make the necessaryarrangements with the landowner(s) regarding the use of the lot for theEngineer’s office and laboratories and to remove and/or transfer, if so requiredunder the Contract, the improvements thereon, including all appurtenances uponcompletion of the Works.All facilities provided by the Contractor shall be near the job site, wherenecessary and shall conform to the best standard for the required types. Oncompletion of the Contract, the facilities provided by the Contractor includingutilities and communication facilities shall revert to the Government includingoffice equipment, apparatus, pieces of furniture, laboratory equipment, etc,unless otherwise documents.The Contractor shall be responsible for raising the ground (if necessary),grading and drainage in the vicinity of each facility with suitable accesswalkways, seeding and sodding of the ground around as directed and approvedby the Engineer. Also, the Contractor shall construct a parking area for thecompound near the buildings and a satisfactory access road to the parkingareas