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And there are 12 types of verbs which (have extra letters that) increase upon the three root

letters.
Translator's Note: These verbs are called thulaathee (3 letter root) mazeed (increased) and are of three
types those verbs increased by 1 letter, those increased by 2 letters, and those increased by 3 letters.

:
And (these 12) are comprised of 3 types


The first type


:
It is what it increased by one letter on the three root letters. And there are 3 (different) types (that are
increased by 1 letter).


The first type


(this shows the past tense [3rd + sg], the present tense, and the masdar [verbal noun])


An example of a verb on this pattern
1

to honor (someone)

TN: Here the Masdar (verbal noun) is included and they will continue to be included in the rest of
Binaa al Af'aal. But one might ask why weren't the Masaadir (pl. of masdar) included in the first 6
forms? The thulaathee mujarrad forms did not include masaadir because their patterns vary widely.
There is not only one or two patterns for the masdar in those first six. Additionally the masaadir in
Binaa al Afaal are written in the mansoob case, but they may also be written (if they are not in a
sentence in which case you would decline them however necessary) in the marfoo' case, i.e.
1 has kasrah


And the sign (that a verb is of this type)


Is that it has four letters in the past tense


Which is increased by a hamza (on an alif, i.e. ) in the beginning of (the verb)


And its (this type's) construction is that of transitivity (i.e. it is a transitive verb) most of the time also ,
but it may be intransitive


An example of a transitive verb is in the sentence:


Zaid honored 'Amr.


An example of an intransitive verb is in this sentence:


The man woke up.



The second type (of mazeed verbs increased by only 1 letter )


(this shows the past tense [3rd + sg], the present tense, and the masdar [verbal noun])


An example of a verb on this pattern

2
to gladden/make happy


And the sign (that a verb is of this type)




Is that it has four letters in the past tense


It is increased (upon the three root letters) by one letter between the faa (the first root letter) and the ain
(the second root letter) (and) that (added letter) is the same type as the ayn (root middle letter) of the
verb
Translator's Note: we know that a letter with shaddah over it is really a double letter. E.g.
is +
is +
etc.
So if the root is which is one of the first 6 mujarrad (bare) verbs, and we want to make this
type of verb, we look at the middle root letter and we add another of the same letter ( )to get:


And its (this type's) construction is that of numerousness most of the time3


And the numerousness may be in the verb. For example:

2 has kasrah
3 In the Madinah Book 3 lesson found here: http://www.iu.edu.sa/web/spages/edu/syukbah/du4_3.htm it is mentioned that
this form generally means doing the root a lot (or repeatedly ) or intensively (
1.

I broke the pens. ( )

2.
I shattered the pen. ( )
For more examples see the above link, about 3/5 down the page.

). Two examples:


Zaid made Tawaaf (circling) around the Ka'bah numerous times.


And the numerousness may be in the doer of the action. For example:



The (many) camels died.


And the numerousness may be in the object of the action. For example:


Zaid closed the (many) doors.


The third type (of mazeed verbs increased by only 1 letter )


rd

(this shows the past tense [3 + sg], the present tense, and the 3 masdar [verbal noun] below)


An example of a verb on this pattern


to fight
4 I separated the 3 masaadir (verbal nouns) from the past and present tense conjugation of the verb so as not to confuse the
student and to make it easier for the verb conjugation to be memorized. Although 3 are listed, the third and last masdar
which is on the pattern of is more rare. Mainly, memorize the first two patterns


And the sign (that a verb is of this type)




Is that it has four letters in the past tense


It is increased (upon the three root letters) by an alif ( ) between the first and the middle root letter



And its construction most of the time is for sharing (of the action) between two (parties)



And it may also mean the action is only shared by one (only one is doing the action)


An example of two parties sharing the action is:


Zaid fought with 'Amr.


And an example of one (only) doing the action is:


Allah fought them.

5 One place where the masdar is mentioned in the Quran: 2:217