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A Troll's Excalibur
Squirrel
1AC ......................................................................................................................................
..................... 2
Zombies
Are
Gonna
Kill
Us! ................................................................................................................................ 11
Brony
1AC
(From
Richardson) .........................................................................................................................
... 16
***Make
Me
A
Sandwich*** ........................................................................................................................
...... 41
1AR:
1Ns
Burden
Shell ....................................................................................................................................
...
42
Freedom
Net
Benefit .................................................................................................................................
............ 44
U.S.
Russia
War
Net
Benefit ................................................................................................................................
45
A/T
1NR
Important/No
voter
................................................................................................................................
50
A/T
Make
a
sandwich
during
1AR ....................................................................................................................... 51
A/T
Aff
Needs
to
Make
a
Sandwich
Too ............................................................................................................. 52
A/T
2N
beating
up
the
1N
during
the
2NR ........................................................................................................... 53
A/T
Put
it
on
the
tab
(Ill
get
a
lot
of
sandwiches
later) ....................................................................................... 54
A/T
2N
didnt
ask .......................................................................................................................................
..........
55
A/T
2N
asked
but
didnt
get
anything................................................................................................................... 56
A/T
Trieu,
2010/Beat
up
the
1N ........................................................................................................................... 57
Timecube
Kritik ....................................................................................................................................
................ 59
Mao
Kritik ....................................................................................................................................
......................... 62

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Nobody
Gives
a
Shit ......................................................................................................................................
....... 65
***Counterplans*** ..............................................................................................................
............................... 70
***Consult
Ashtar*** .............................................................................................................................
............. 71
Consult
Ashtar
CP

Solves
Case ......................................................................................................................... 72
Consult
Ashtar
CP

Solves
Net
Benefit .............................................................................................................. 73
1NC
Ashtar
DA ........................................................................................................................................
.......... 74
Ashtar
DA

Impact
Ext. ......................................................................................................................................
76
Ashtar
DA
TimeFrame ...........................................................................................................................
............ 77
Ashtar
DA2012
=
Positive ................................................................................................................................
.. 80
A/T
Ashtar
is
Demonic ..............................................................................................................................
........... 84
A/T
Ashtar
is
Alien
Invasion ...............................................................................................................................
86
Consult
Vermin
Counterplan .........................................................................................................................
....... 88
***Consult
Chuck
Norris*** ..............................................................................................................................
. 93
***Planking*** .....................................................................................................................
............................... 96
***WGLF*** ..........................................................................................................................
........................... 100

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Squirrel 1AC
Observation 1 is Inherency
Squirrels have been running amok since 1975 when Executive Order 11870
banned the most effective squirrel poison other approaches require more
personnel
Department of the Army Historical Summary, 2004 (27 August 2004,
http://www.army.mil/cmh/books/DAHSUM/1977/ch11.htm, accessed 3/13/2007 7:08 PM,
Google)
The ground squirrel population in that area has increased to a point where the rodents
pose threats on several counts. They are potential carriers of bubonic plague, cause
damage to buildings and facilities, reduce crop production, and compete with other wild
life for available food. Since 1971 the Army has not applied effective pest control
measures at Fort Ord. Resumption of these measures has been precluded since 1975 by
Executive Order 11870, which forbade the use on federal lands of "secondary poisons"
which make the tissue poisonous to other creatures. In the meantime, most private
landowners adjacent to Fort Ord continued to use pesticide 1080, a secondary poison.
Although the Army submitted its environmental impact statements in the winter and
spring of 1977, it selected zinc phosphide, a less controversial rodenticide, as the prime
agent to fight the squirrel menace in the spring of 1978 when the rodents would be most
active and susceptible to control measures.

And, Military budget crunch has caused severe cuts in pest management
personnel
Kuffner, 2006 (Charles,
http://www.offthekuff.com/mt/archives/cat_national_news.html)
A "severe budget crunch" has hit Fort Hood, one of the nation's largest military posts and
home to a U.S. Army division serving in Iraq, officials said Thursday. The funding
squeeze forced the Central Texas installation to impose an immediate hiring freeze and
dramatic cuts in contracts with local providers of support services, officials said.
The move announced Thursday follows "significant internal steps to help manage
existing funds through the end of the fiscal year," an announcement from base
headquarters said.
"Additional measures are necessary and will be implemented beginning (Thursday)," the
statement said.
In addition to the "100 percent civilian hiring freeze," other cutbacks will reduce custodial
contracts, on-post housing referrals, grounds maintenance contracts and government
vehicle contracts, officials said.
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Additionally, pest management contracts were "severely" cut and other services were
"significantly" reduced, officials said.
Advantage 1 is the Power Grid
Now squirrels are once again on the rampage causing tens of thousands of
power outages yearly, and now is key attacks have tripled in the past year
Gomez, 2007 (3-11-07, Suicide squirrels driving utilities nuts, Alan,
http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-03-11-suicide-squirrels_N.htm)
Every year, Neil Engelman carefully collects his data, stands before his company's board
of directors and is asked the same question: What caused more outages? The lightning
or the squirrels?
Four of the past five years, the answer has been the squirrels, says Engelman, vice
president of operations for the Lincoln Electric System in Nebraska. Nebraska is not
alone. Many states are grappling with a big increase in the number of power outages
caused by squirrel electrocutions.
Squirrels that fry themselves on power lines and transformers cause tens of thousands of
blackouts every year.
Some states have seen a massive jump in recent years in the number of such outages. In
Georgia, squirrel-related outages more than tripled from 5,273 in
2005 to 16,750 in 2006.
And, Electricity failures cause nuclear meltdowns
EIJ 2K (Earth Island Journal, Winter,
http://www.earthisland.org/eijournal/win2000/wr_win2000y2k.html)
The third type could happen if the electricity fails. Reactors depend on off-site
electric power to run cooling systems and control rooms, with emergency
diesel generators for automatic backup. Unfortunately, according to Olsen,
even in the
US these generators are "not even 90 percent reliable."
"It takes only two hours without the cooling system functioning for reactor fuel
to melt," Olsen says. Power failures also could cause "a meltdown of nuclear fuel
storage pools .... These pools must be cooled for at least five years."
Loss of off-site electrical power poses the most prominent risk to nuclear
powerplant safety. Reliable back-up power is needed immediately at each nuclear site.
Fuel cells and gas turbines are more reliable than diesel generators.
The US electric power grid is fragile. In 1996, two disruptions in one five-week
period caused 190 generating stations (including several nuclear reactors) to
shut down. On August 10, 1996, a sagging tree limb in Oregon caused a short that
caused a blackout in California, Arizona and New Mexico. Millions of people were left
without power. In some regions, the blackout lasted several weeks. And, Meltdown
kills millions and causes extinction by widespread sterility Wasserman 02
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(Harvey, Senior Editor Free Press, Earth Island Journal, Spring,


www.earthisland.org/eijournal/new_articles.cfm?articleID=457&journalID=63)
The intense radioactive heat within today's operating reactors is the hottest
anywhere on the planet. Because Indian Point has operated so long, its accumulated
radioactive burden far exceeds that of Chernobyl
Infants and small children would quickly die en masse. Pregnant women would
spontaneously abort or give birth to horribly deformed offspring. Ghastly sores, rashes,
ulcerations and burns would afflict the skin of millions. Heart attacks, stroke and
multiple organ failure would kill thousands on the spot. Emphysema, hair loss,
nausea, inability to eat or drink or swallow, diarrhea and incontinence, sterility
and impotence, asthma and blindness would afflict hundreds of thousands, if not
millions.
Then comes the wave of cancers, leukemias, lymphomas, tumors and hellish diseases for
which new names will have to be invented.
Evacuation would be impossible, but thousands would die trying. Attempts to quench
the fires would be futile. More than 800,000 Soviet draftees forced through Chernobyl's
seething remains in a futile attempt to clean it up are still
dying from their exposure. At Indian Point, the molten cores would burn uncontrolled for
days, weeks and years. Who would volunteer for such an American task force?...
As at Three Mile Island, where thousands of farm and wild animals died in heaps,
natural ecosystems would be permanently and irrevocably destroyed. Spiritually,
psychologically, financially and ecologically, our nation would never recover
If so, the ticking reactor bombs that could obliterate the very core of our life
and of all future generations must be shut down.
Advantage 2 is the Utilities Sector
Squirrel attacks are dragging down the utilities sector
Gomez, 2007 (3-11-07, Suicide squirrels driving utilities nuts, Alan,
http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-03-11-suicide-squirrels_N.htm) Squirrels
that fry themselves on power lines and transformers cause tens of thousands of
blackouts every year.
Some states have seen a massive jump in recent years in the number of such outages. In
Georgia, squirrel-related outages more than tripled from 5,273 in
2005 to 16,750 in 2006.
While the outages are usually smaller than ones caused by weather, they are costly.
Georgia Power officials estimate the rodents cost them $2 million last year. Stopping the
squirrels is costing utilities millions more dollars.

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Austin Energy in Texas is alone spending over one hundred thousand dollars on
squirrel guards WE DO NOT ENDORSE THE SQUIRREL GENDERED LANGUAGE IN
THIS CARD UPI, 2006 (Dec. 25, http://www.upi.com/NewsTrack/Quirks/20061225040356-2618r/, United Press International)
A report from the Austin Energy power company in Texas has revealed approximately
20 percent of all its power outages are the result of squirrels. The Austin (Texas)
American-Statesman reports the rodents have a habit of coming into contact with
sensitive electrical equipment on utility poles and could likely be responsible for nearly
700 area outages a year."He's a formidable foe," Austin Energy supervisor Karl Hauer
admitted. "Ask anyone who has been stuck in traffic or left in the dark because of a
squirrel."By coming into contact with the poles' distribution equipment, the critters
quickly become a conduit for up to 7,200 volts of electricity.To fight the increasing
problem, Austin Energy is spending more than $100,000 annually to install deterrents on
equipment to keep the animals at bay.Yet many in the Texas city maintain such incidents
never occur and that energy companies simply use the squirrels as scapegoats when
possible, a charge Hauer strongly disputes."There is no truth to that," Hauer told the
paper. "That might be the lore, but who wants to carry around a dead squirrel?" But
squirrels cannot be stopped they can only be killed; they will squirrel their
way around any barriers, making guards a waste of money
Gomez, 2007 (3-11-07, Suicide squirrels driving utilities nuts, Alan,
http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-03-11-suicide-squirrels_N.htm) In
Lincoln, dubbed a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation,
"squirrel guards" have been placed on all 19,391 transformers.
The guards vary. Some are plastic or silicone caps that protect the point where the power
line and the transformer meet. The "Critter Guard" features a flat disk that spins around
whenever a squirrel tries to climb past. Others deliver a minor shock to the squirrel to
scare it off.
PECO, which powers Philadelphia and its surrounding counties, spends $1 million a year
on squirrel guards to stop outages from "those rascally little varmints," Engel said.
But squirrels adapt to the technology, forcing the utilities to switch to different forms of
what's known in the business as "wildlife abatement technology."
"Whenever we think we've got them figured out, they try something else," Engelman
said.

And, Electric sector is critical to the economy any negative effects ripple
quickly through the economy
Singh, 1998 (Hon. Ganja Singh, Minister of Public Utilities, September 11,
http://www.ttparliament.org/hansard/house/1998/hh980911.pdf, accessed 3/12/2007
3:14 PM)
I would now look at the rationale of this Bill by exploring the following areas:

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the importance of the utilities sector, global trends, local trends and the limitation of the
present Public Utilities Commission legislation and key provisions of the new legislation.
The importance of the sector. Vital and essential to life in a modern society, utility
services constitute the infrastructural foundations of the development process. The level
and quality of the provision of these services are generally regarded as direct measures
of the quality of life or the standard of living in a country. Providing infrastructure
services to meet the demand of users is, therefore, one of the major challenges of
economic development. Utility services have strong linkages to the national economy
and to human well-being. Inefficiencies in the provision of these services are likely to be
felt quickly and throughout the economy and, thereby, impact adversely on the
competitiveness of the national economy and the quality of life of the people. Good
utility infrastructure, on the other hand, raises productivity, lowers production costs and
improves the quality of life of people.
And, Economic struggles in the U.S. directly affect Japan and China and quickly
spread globally
Frontline, 5-6-2005
[India's National Magazine, from the publishers of THE HINDU, Volume 22 - Issue
09, http://www.frontlineonnet.com/fl2209/stories/20050506002012000.htm]
According to Tomomichi Akuta, an economist at the UFJ Institute in Japan,
Japanese subsidiaries in China exported around 4.9 trillion yen of electronics goods in
2004, of which 8 per cent were direct exports to the U.S. The exports of electronics
related items from Japanese firms to their Chinese subsidiaries in that year were around
1.3 trillion yen. Of this, about 20 per cent was linked to exports by these subsidiaries to
the U.S. Further, about a third of the 846 billion yen of unfinished goods exported by
these subsidiaries to other Asian countries, were finally destined for the U.S., Thus a
slowdown in the U.S. would, at one remove, affect Japan as well. In fact, the effect would
be far greater than suggested by these figures since there are a number of non-Japanese
firms in China exporting to the U.S. that import capital goods, intermediates and
components from Japanese firms. What all this implies is that a slowdown in the U.S. can
not only rein in growth in the other major growth-pole in the world economy, China, but
also have ripple effects in the form of deceleration across the globe that can spiral into a
major crisis.
And, Global economic collapse equals global nuclear war
Thomas Bearden, Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Army, 2000 (June 24,
http://www.freerepublic.com/forum/a3aaf97f22e23.htm)
History bears out that desperate nations take desperate actions. Prior to the final
economic collapse, the stress on nations will have increased the intensity and number of
their conflicts, to the point where the arsenals of weapons of mass destruction (WMD)
now possessed by some 25 nations, are almost certain to be released. As an example,
suppose a starving North Korea launches nuclear weapons upon Japan and South Korea,
including U.S. forces there, in a spasmodic suicidal response. Or suppose a desperate
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China-whose long-range nuclear missiles (some) can reach the United States-attacks
Taiwan. In addition to immediate responses, the mutual treaties involved in such
scenarios will quickly draw other nations into the conflict, escalating it significantly.
Strategic nuclear studies have shown for decades that, under such extreme stress
conditions, once a few nukes are launched, adversaries and potential adversaries are
then compelled to launch on perception of preparations by one's adversary. The real
legacy of the MAD concept is this side of the MAD coin that is almost never discussed.
Without effective defense, the only chance a nation has to survive at all is to launch
immediate full-bore pre-emptive strikes and try to take out its perceived foes as rapidly
and massively as possible. As the studies showed, rapid escalation to full WMD exchange
occurs. Today, a great percent of the WMD arsenals that will be unleashed, are already
on site within the United States itself. The resulting great Armageddon will destroy
civilization as we know it, and perhaps most of the biosphere, at least for many decades.
Advantage 3 is the Plague
New Bubonic Plague Mutations are frighteningly resistant to treatment we
must prepare a response
UCG, 2003 (United Church of God, Drug-Resistant Bubonic Plague, Good News
Magazine, http://www.ucgportland.org/popups/gn9805e.html)
A case of bubonic plague was recently discovered in Madagascar, an island in the Indian
Ocean off the southeast coast of Africa. This is not the first case of bubonic plague
discovered in recent years. Rather, it is the first case identified that is resistant to
multiple antibiotics, including the ones commonly given to treat the plague.
Two years ago a 16-year old boy on Madagascar was diagnosed with a drug-resistant
plague bacterium. Three antibiotics were necessary to save his life. The isolated
organism (Y, Pestis bacterium) was found to carry five antibiotic-resistant genes. The
antibacterial drugs that this particular bacterium was resistant to were streptomycin,
gentamicin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline and various sulfonamide compounds. It was
found susceptible to trimethropim.
Although similar multiple drug-resistant gene transfers have been found in other
diseases-causing bacteria, never before have they been found in bubonic plague, a
disease synonymous with debilitating epidemics and pandemics. Researchers dont know
whether the Madagascar bacterium is rare or common, but they do know that it
symbolizes the growing problem of antibiotic resistance in human pathogens.
Stuart Levy of Tufts University Medical School cautions, We now know this agent exists,
and have to be alert for it in other countries, where we know antibiotic resistance has
emerged in so many other bacteria.
Drs. David Dennis and James Hughes of the CDC state that such incidents provide
another grim reminder that emerging infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance in
one location can pose serious problems for the entire world. This response must
include squirrel eradication they carry bubonic plague
NBC, 2007 (Santa Monica To Give Birth Control Shots To Local Squirrels, March
5, http://www.nbc4.tv/news/11173312/detail.html?subid=10101581)
Experts say squirrels are aggressive and may carry rabies or host fleas that can spread
disease, such as bubonic plague.
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The larger the squirrel population, the greater the chance for infestation, which in turn
could expose humans and predatory animals to disease, Gail Van Gordon, a
Los Angeles County Health Services Department entomologist, told The Times.
Finally, resistant microbes are the greatest threat to humyn
survival
Bruce Sterling February 1995 (science journalist) in Bitter Resistance
At the close of this century, antibiotic resistance is one of the gravest threats that
confronts the
human race. It ranks in scope with overpopulation, nuclear disaster, destruction of the
ozone, global warming, species extinction and massive habitat destruction. Although it
gains very little attention in comparison to those other horrors, there is nothing
theoretical or speculative about antibiotic resistance. The mere fact that we cant see it
happening doesnt mean that its not
taking place. It is occurring, stealthily and steadily, in a world which we polluted
drastically before we ever took the trouble to understand it. We have spent billions to
kill bacteria but mere millions to truly comprehend them. In our arrogance, we have
gravely underestimated our enemys power and resourcefulness. Antibiotic resistance is
a very real threat which is well documented and increasing at considerable speed. In its
scope and its depth and the potential pain and horror of its implications, it may be the
single greatest menace that we human beings confront aside, of course, the steady
increase in our own numbers. And if we dont somehow resolve our grave problems with
bacteria, then bacteria may well resolve that population problem for us .
Thus the Plan: The United States Federal Government should substantially
increase the number of persons serving in the Armed Forces by substantially
increasing the pecuniary and educational benefits as well as end strength for
Pest Management (3E4X3) in order to enable the National Guard to apply its
pest control operations procedure to the emerging squirrel crisis.
And, we arent extra T, it is already standard policy for the National Guard to
do animal control
Heath et al, 1998 (Animals in Disasters, Secretary/Treasurer, American Academy on
Veterinary Disaster Medicine,
http://training.fema.gov/EMIWEB/downloads/IS11Comp.pdf, accessed 3/12/2007 6:11
PM)
If your initial assessment requires resources beyond your local
capability, your State emergency management office should be
notified of this immediately. Most States require the chief executive of
the local government to officially request a Governors declaration of
disaster in order to obtain State assistance. The local emergency
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(1)
(2)
(3)

(4)

(5)

program manager is responsible for local damage assessment and


the report to the
State emergency management office.
The State, acting on the information provided, will dispatch personnel
and equipment to the disaster area and assist in the response and
recovery effort. The National Guard may be asked to assist with
animal care and control issues and animal- related claims
investigations. Detailed assessments and specific requests for
assistance will receive the most appropriate response. If the State
feels that Federal assistance is also required, the States director of
emergency management alerts
FEMA. FEMA may also dispatch representatives to the area.
The National Guard is already assigned to target pest disease vectors, its just
that these are subject to prioritizing
Pritt, 2002 (Douglass A., COL GS, Chief of Staff, Integrated Pest Management
Plan, http://www.mil.state.or.us/Agi-E/ORARNGRRegs/2105/Regulations/PESTPLANTEXT.DOC.)
PRIORITY. Pest control operations will be prioritized at each facility, for reasons discussed
below, and conducted in the order shown below:
a. DISEASE VECTORS AND PUBLIC HEALTH PESTS
Mosquito species found in Oregon have the potential to transmit St. Louis encephalitis
and Western equine encephalitis, although these diseases have not occurred in the state
for many years.
Rabies has been found in Oregon, mainly in wild mammals.
Plague has been found in field rodents located in the eastern and southwestern parts of
the State, and the hantavirus has been confirmed in rodents during tests at both Camp
Rilea and the Biak Training Center. The ORARNG Occupational Health Office has
developed a hantavirus exposure prevention program.
Ticks may transmit disease organisms within the State. Tickborne diseases include Lyme
disease, Colorado tick fever, tick-borne relapsing fever, and Rocky Mountain spotted
fever. Some ORARNG training sites were surveyed for ticks in 1992, with negative results
for target species. Since problems have occurred in adjoining states, ORARNG will
periodically complete additional surveys.
Pest control operations will target all disease vectors and public health pests if they are
shown to be a problem. All persons engaged in pest control operations should ensure
that proper procedures are followed for all pest control operations involving disease
vectors.
And the job description of Pest Management (3E4X3) is applicable
National Guard Career Detail, 2007
(http://www.goang.com/careers/detail.aspx?career=cf7123bb-e50b-4d45-a71f22ed999743b8)
Pest Management (3E4X3)
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Manages evaluates, and executes integrated pest management and environmental


compliance, hazardous materials and waste, and pollution prevention programs.
Alternate Titles:
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SPECIALISTS; ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTISTS; AIR POLLUTION
ANALYSTS; SOILS ANALYSTS; INDUSTRIAL HYGIENISTS; AIR QUALITY ANALYSTS; FOOD
AND DRUG INSPECTORS; PUBLIC HEALTH INSPECTORS
Duties and Responsibilities:
BACKGROUND
Performs integrated pest management functions. Conducts pest management surveys.
Determines pest management actions needed to control and prevent infestations of
plant and animal pests. Interacts with medical activities to control health hazards.
Selects chemicals and operates pesticide dispersal equipment. Provides maximum
residual benefits consistent with environmental protection parameters. Ensures
compliance with applicable laws and directives. Maintains tools, equipment, and
facilities. Ensures correct use and maintenance of personal protective and tools.
Maintains facilities, equipment, and storage areas. Plans and coordinates activities.
Evaluates proposed work, determines resource requirements, and prepares cost
estimates. Identifies, budgets for, and acquires specialized equipment. Inspects facilities
and provides assistance to building managers on pest preventative and control practices.
Maintains historical databases, tracking systems, and profile sheets. Provides technical
assistance to CE hazardous material users and hazardous waste generators. Each
military base is a small community. The health and well-being of the residents and
surrounding land is a major concern of the services. Keeping military work places and
living areas sanitary helps to prevent illness. Environmental health and safety specialists
inspect military facilities and food supplies for the presence of disease, germs, or other
conditions hazardous to health and the environment.

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Zombies Are Gonna Kill Us!


The zombie apocalypse will be coming soon.
Koski, Genevieve. "The CDC Wants to Prepare You for the Zombie, Web. 22 July 2011.
<http://www.avclub.com/articles/the-cdc-wants-to-prepare-you-for-thezombieapocal,56259/>.
Presumably youve been practicing your cardio, the Double Tap, and wearing
your seatbelt in preparation for the inevitable zombie apocalypsehey, those
Mayans didnt say HOW the world was gonna end in 2012but we can all breathe a little
easier now with the knowledge that the Centers For Disease Control And Prevention also
has a plan in place. Granted, the CDCs suggestions sound a lot like its suggestions for
non-zombie events like natural disasters or a flu outbreakstock up on water, food,
medication, first aid supplies, etc., and come up with an emergency plan
almost as if it were trying to make light of the very real zombie threat to
remind people to be prepared for other, un-undead disasters. It doesnt even bother to
recommend a baseball/cricket bat, lead pipe, and/or boomstick in its survival kit
suggestions! But the blog post does go into some detail about how the CDC will respond:
If zombies did start roaming the streets, CDC would conduct an investigation much like
any other disease outbreak. CDC would provide technical assistance to cities, states, or
international partners dealing with a zombie infestation. This assistance might include
consultation, lab testing and analysis, patient management and care, tracking of
contacts, and infection control (including isolation and quarantine). So, fear not: The
zombie horde may soon be scraping at your door, but as long as you have lots of
bottled water, you can probably wait it out while the CDC consults and analyzes the
problem.
The Zombie Apocalypse will be in 2012
No Author. "2012 and the Zombie Apocalypse | Undead Report." The Undead Report |
Real Life Zombie News, Sightings, Zombie Apocalypse Science and Information. The
Undead Report, 30 Nov. 2007. Web. 22 July 2011.
<http://www.undeadreport.com/2007/11/2012-and-the-zombie-apocalypse/>.
The date of 12/21/12 is derived from the end of a 5,125 year cycle for the Mesoamerican
Long Count calendar, most notably used by the Maya civilization. The calendar
completes its 13th cycle from its starting point. Correlating the Mayan date to our
Gregorian calendar yields several different dates ranging from the 21st through the 23rd,
but the 21st seems likely, as it coincides with the winter solstice, and though astrology
has little to do with our daily affairs, astronomically the Earth is said to be aligned facing
the center of the Milky Way behind the Sun on the 21st. This interesting termination of
the calendar in our immediate lifetimes is what brings many to reckon the date will bring
about great global change or catalysm. Prophecies aside, how does 2012 relate to a
zombie apocalypse? Certainly our world could be forever changed on this date by an
unnoticed eschatological asteroid, disease or terrible quaking of the earth. The walking
dead? Also plausible. Current scientific research into disease, reanimation and
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cellular re-genesis is progressing as rapidly as other scientific disciplines.


Particularly terrifying is the reanimation of the 1918 Spanish influenza virus, responsible
for a pandemic that killed an estimated 20 million people. Scientists have gathered
important new clues to why the virus spread quickly and killed efficiently (though its use
as a bio-weapon has not been confirmed). The viral resurrection is brought about for
research and a vaccine against itself which of course has already been eradicated and
the virus is being harvested from corpses, notably the body of a woman buried in the
Alaskan permafrost. Unchecked adaptive and opportunistic pathogens claim a definite
component of our eschaton, and an escaped weaponized version will most certainly
wreak havoc against an unprepared and innocent populace. Theres no guarantee the
new vaccine will work well on humans, a problem because nobody born after 1930 is
immune to the 1918 strain. The physical walking dead demand a certain suspense of
disbelief of course. Assuming a plausible 20% of the worlds population has been
infected by a terminal pathogen, our fragile infrastructure and socioeconomic
systems will begin to break down as well. Weakened immune systems will
render humans more susceptible to the likes of Trypanosoma brucei, a parasite that
carries nightmarish qualities, reducing many of its victims to a zombie-like state
before they slip into a coma and die. Toxoplasma gondii can alter brain functions in
rats, leading them to the jaws of cats and in humans can change brain patterns to
induce neuroses, paranoia and schizophrenia. Left with a rotting brain and primitive
fight-or-flight instincts, an entire populace can be reduced to weakened
lumbering shadows of humans, stumbling around for food. Not actually dead or
undead, these stupefied humans will be harbingers of disease, parasites,
bacteria and infectious rot, whose saliva and blood will be rich with zombifying
toxins. Disease ridden walking corpses are one thing. Reanimating brain-dead humans
has been discussed before and is a very real possibility. Restoring a human from a
cryogenic stasis and reanimating their dying brain tissue yields the possibility that a
human may not be the same as they were when they expired. This leaves much
speculation as to a reanimated form of a human being, but combined with the virus and
diseases mentioned above you get the idea. Five years is a fine timeframe for
viruses to be developed and mutate as well as science achieving
groundbreaking results in reanimation. Where will I be in five years? Loading
shotguns and pistols seems like a nice course of action, but theyre more for your
protection against opportunistic looters, crazies and deranged survivors rather than
walking corpses. In five years I will be watching the news with cautious eyes and
stocking up like I would for any emergency.

The Advantage: Zombie Apocalypse


First, A mutated strain of malaria causes zombism is slowly growing in South
Africa. Both the US and Cambodia deny the severity of the outbreak.
BBC 2005 (no author listed. Cambodian Troops Quarantine Quan'sul, 4/25/05.
Online@http://web.archive.org/web/20050428004220/http://65.127.124.62/south_asia/
4483241.stm.htm. Accessed 7/1/11)
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The culprit was discovered to be mosquitoes native to that region carrying a


new strain of Malaria which thus far has a 100 percent mortality rating killing
victims in fewer than 2 days. After death, this virus is able to restart the heart
of its victim for up to two hours after the initial demise of the person where
the individual behaves in extremely violent ways from what is believe to be a
combination of brain damage and a chemical released into blood during
resurrection. Cambodian officials say that the outbreak has been contained
and the public has no need to worry. General Ary Serey had this to say, "We have
obtained samples of this new virus and plan to learn how it starts the heart
and other major organs of the deceased. We intend to use this to increase the
quality of life for all." US Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice opposed the plan
saying that the Cambodian government holds a great biological weapon and
should destroy it immediately. Cambodian officials have yet to comment. A
United Nations team will be dispatched to Cambodia to confirm the safety of
biological research in
Cambodia.
Second, Zombiefication is increasing at an alarming rate.
Max Brooks 2003 (Qualfications: History Major from Pietz College highly acclaimed
author DoA: 7/21/11 DoP: ?/??/ 2003 Book: The zombie Survival Guide, a
Howto Strategy of surviving. )
Until the late twentieth century, those who studied the living dead were
convinced that the frequency of outbreaks remained constant thronghout time.
Societies that suffered more attacks than others appeared so only because they kept the
best records. The most commonly held example was ancient Rome compared to
the early Middle Ages. This theory was also used to calm "alarmists" by stating
that, as humanity as a whole relied more and more on the written word, it
would appear as if outbreaks were becoming more and more common. This way
of thinking, although still common, has been falling into disfavor for some time. The
world's population is growing. Its center has shifted from rural to urban zones.
Transportation has linked the planet with increasing speed. All these factors
have led to a renaissance of infectious diseases. Logic dictates that Solanurn
can flourish in such a ripe environment. Even though information is being
recorded, shared, and stored as never before, it cannot hide the fact that
zombie attacks are on the rise, their frequency mirroring the "development" of
this planet.
Third, Its try or die A bigger outbreak of a zombie Virus causes collapse of
civilization and extinction. You have an obligation to use your ballot to save
life from becoming extinct.
Max Brooks 2003 (Qualfications: History Major from Pietz College highly acclaimed
author DoA: 7/21/11 DoP: ?/??/ 2003 Book: The zombie Survival Guide, a
Howto Strategy of surviving. )
An outbreak of zombies infecting humans is likely to be disastrous, unless
extremely aggressive tactics are employed against the undead. While aggressive
quarantine may eradicate the infection, this is unlikely to happen in practice. A
cure would only result in some humans surviving the outbreak, although they
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will still coexist with zombies. Only sufficiently frequent attacks, with increasing
force, will result in eradication, assuming the available resources can be mustered in
time. Furthermore, these results assumed that the timescale of the outbreak was
short, so that the natural birth and death rates could be ignored. If the
timescale of the outbreak increases, then the result is the doomsday scenario:
an outbreak of zombies will result in the collapse of civilisation, with every
human infected, or dead. This is because human births and deaths will provide
the undead with a limitless supply of new bodies to infect, resurrect and
convert. Thus, if zombies arrive, we must act quickly and decisively to
eradicate them before they eradicate us. The key difference between the models
presented here and other models of infectious disease is that the dead can come back to
life.
Zombie apocalypse outweighs nuclear extinction
Monstrous News, No Date
(Monstrous.com, Last Accessed 7/21/20011)
http://zombies.monstrous.com/symbolism.htm#apocalypse
Much like the atomic bomb, zombies are unleashed in a chain reaction, each
devoured corpse arising and looking for more human flesh to consume. Like
any Apocalypse, mankind is striken because of its decadence. In Romero's zombie
trilogy, the flesh-eating dead threaten a society already lost, whether the source of that
loss be violence, hate, bureaucracy or stupidity. The media, the military, science,
philosophy are all helpless to provide an answer. The violence and spiritual
void of human society feeds upon itself and the result is an apocalypse of the
dead. Zombies also represent widespread annihalation in the form of plague-like
sickness. The implications here are basically the same as they are with nuclear
apocalypse, but on a more personal and intimate level. As the zombie count
increases exponentially, they cover more and more distance until they
overtake massive amounts of land area. Indeed, by the end of Romero's Day of the
Dead (1985), the final installment of his trilogy, only a small band of military survivors is
remaining in the United States. Consequently, they choose to relocate to an uninhabited
island in the tropics as the U.S. becomes a barron wasteland, populated only by
the walking dead.
Zombie Apocalypse will destroy the world
Weise, Elizabeth. "CDC Helps Americans Prepare for a Zombie Apocalypse - Science Fair
- USATODAY.com." News, Travel, Weather, Entertainment, Sports, Technology, U.S. &
World - USATODAY.com. US Today, 5-19-2011. Web. 22 July 2011.
<http://content.usatoday.com/communities/sciencefair/post/2011/05/cdchelpsamericans-prepare-for-a-zombie-apocalypse/1>.
Never let it be said that the doctors at the Centers for Disease, Control and
Prevention lack a sense of humor - or the sense to find a fun way to teach Americans
about emergency preparedness. Hence today's most excellent CDC offering:
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Preparedness 101: Zombie Apocalypse. The concept of zombies, the CDC helpfully notes,
has Haitian and New Orleans voodoo origins and refers to "a corpse mysteriously
reanimated to serve the undead." But even though science can't answer that gnawing
question "Why do zombies like to eat brains so much?" there is much that everyday
Americans can do to prepare themselves in the event of a Zombie Apocalypse. "That's
right, I said z-o-m-b-i-e a-p-o-c-a-l-y-p-s-e. You may laugh now, but when it happens you'll
be happy you read this, and hey, maybe you'll even learn a thing or two about how to
prepare for a real emergency." That's from the author of this particular medical treatise.
Clearly, CDC's quite concerned about zombies as they've brought in the big guns here. In
this case, Rear Admiral Ali S. Khan, MD, MPH, Assistant Surgeon General and Director,
Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response After some actually quite fascinating
discussion of the various zombie-creation scenarios used in movies, TV shows and
literature, as well as a (fictional) medical paper by Harvard psychiatrist Steven
Schlozman which posits an Ataxic Neurodegenerative Satiety Deficiency Syndrome, Khan
is ready to get down to business. In a zombie apocalypse scenario, "zombies would take
over entire countries, roaming city streets eating anything living that got in their way.
The proliferation of this idea has led many people to wonder: 'How do I prepare for a
zombie apocalypse?'" Khan helpfully offers up tips for surviving exactly such an event
which, wouldn't you know it, also would work in a real emergency.

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Brony 1AC (From Richardson)


Scene 1 is the status quo a history lesson
A genealogical investigation of hegemonic rhetorics of US space policy reveal a
discursive formation not only influenced by, but predicated upon patriarchal
notions of gender normativity But this is not to say that US space policy
MUST be about such gendered assumptions, but in order to re-poach this
problematic history we must search for helpful re-articulations of this
historical discourse, as Griffin explains:
(Penny Griffin, prof. Politics and International relations, university of New
South Wales. The spaces between us: the gendered politics of outer space in
Securing Outer Space Edited by Natalie Bormann and Michael Sheehan. Routledge,
2009. Pages 59-75. OCRed from the original text, minor character errors may exist)
he 'politics' of US outer space discourse This section begins an exploration of US outer
space discourse as, from the launch of Sputnik 1 in 1957, dominated by an
aggressive, colonialist project perpetuated through the reproduction of types
of what Dean refers to as 'imperial masculinity'(ies)(Dean 2001). US outer space, as a
discursive realm, articulates identities, behaviours and meanings in particular,
sexed, ways. I use 'discourse' to imply, as Derrida suggests, an, intrinsically
(re)productive (of itself, but also the identities, behaviours and meanings
considered necessary, suitable, or most effective), historically dependent
system of signification(Derrida 2001: 3). A discourse thus forms the identities of
subjects and objects, and is composed of a multitude of practices, institutions,
identities, norms, rules and disciplinary procedures. Both material and
heterogeneous in nature (Best and Kellner 1991: 26), a discourse carries its
meanings and modes of representation in discursive practices. This chapter
offers an analysis of US outer space discourse as a constructed, and thus potentially
unstable, arrangement of identity. US space discourse constitutes an exceptionally
powerful, but not unchallenged, arrangement of identities, practices, norms and
processes, embodying tacit, but crucial, gendered and sexualized assumptions.
Historically contingent and therefore subject to significant change,
contemporary US space discourse does not articulate meaning or reproduce identities in
exactly the same way as it might have done fifty years ago, at the height of Cold War
posturing. This is not to argue, however, that a certain continuity does not exist in US
space discourse, which has been and continues to be grounded on claims to colonization,
expansionism, competition, weaponization, privatization, securitization and
commercialization. One difference is, however, that, as Rees argues, the US is 'not as
overwhelmingly economically superior' as it was when it launched the Marshall Plan, it
cannot stabilize the world economically in the way that it might have done fifty years
ago, and that it is vulnerable in a way that it was not in the post-war
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years (Rees, interviewing Tony Benn, in Reza 2003: 13). It is, therefore, worth
considering how, and according to what politics, US discourse has constituted
and continues to constitute outer space. So, before I go on to examine the
gendered constitution of US outer space discourse, I want first to provide some, political
and historical, background to the contemporary constitution of US space policy. If the
Marshall Plan heralded 'a sort of colonial reconstruction of Europe' (Benn, in Reza 2003:
13-14), the Bush administration's 'new vision for space exploration' represents an'
equally imperial design, a design predicated on ideas of imperial expansion in which the
reproduction and promulgation of heterosexual gender identity(ies) are not just
incidental to the success of the project, but absolutely central to it. As analysts have
noted, particularly of the Kennedy and Johnson Cold War administrations, US electoral
politics has long embodied, 'an obsession with "toughness" and the use of a
sexualised language of competition and dominance among men who contended
for power within the American electoral system and within the foreign policy
bureaucracy' (Dean 2001: 3-4). A brief history of US space administration The
contemporary US discourse of outer space that I examine in this chapter is
primarily descendent of a heavily militarized, but highly institutionalized,
discourse of post-Cold War security, military policy and alliance politics,
predicated on the attainment and maintenance of military and strategic
superiority.It would be a mistake to underestimate just how much the 'Cold War'
between the US and USSR (and the
'space age' that it inaugurated) dominated the writings of intellectuals and the agendas
of political leaders during the 1950s and 1960s. US politics was the preserve of security,
military policy and alliance politics, with issues beyond these receiving little sustained
attention (Agnew and Corbridge 1995: 2). The conquest of outer space achieved
particular prominence as a 'space race' to develop the most effective long range
rocket-based technologies. At this point, the US approach to space was to consider it
entirely an extension of Earth-bound warfare, probably most clearly evidenced
by the public 'clamour' surrounding the Soviet launch of Sputnik 1 in 1957.
Although the apparent mass public panic in the US at the launch of Sputnik 1 belied the
satellite's 'inability to do more than orbit the Earth and transmit meaningless radio blips'
(Dickson 2004: 1), the agenda was configured as a crisis in US identity, and read as a
warning to the US administration that the US's mantle of 'greatest nation on
Earth' was
slipping (cf. Garber 2003; McDougall 1985; Carter 1988). Any discussion of space
'exploration' for its own sake, as distinguishable from the development of 'rocket
technology', remained, at this very early stage, muted.2 Although talk of hysteria in
Washington at the launch of Sputnik may be somewhat overstated, the US certainly
appeared to many something less of a world hegemon, and Eisenhower's
'paternalistically vague' (Democratic Senator Stuart Symington, quoted in Dickson 2004:
2) response to Soviet space 'dominance' was heavily criticized. Dickson characterizes the
period immediately proceeding Sputnik's launch as one of 'national insecurity', 'wounded
national pride', 'in-fighting', 'political grandstanding', 'clandestine plots' and 'ruthless
media frenzy' (2004: 4). As
McDougall articulates, when Sputnik 1 first circled the earth in 1957, commentators were
at something of a loss as to what exactly the 'space age' symbolized. With the US
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perpetually unable to separate 'thinking about technology from teleology or


eschatology'(McDougall 1985: 4), the space age, and the space race it inspired,
became a mirror for the ways in which Americans perceived themselves and
their, thus far unchallenged, global hegemony; less a rejection of the exact nature of the
US state during the Cold War than the refraction of its political, cultural and
administrative insecurities, hopes and aspirations. As McDougall argues, since 1945 the
US had assumed the responsibility of 'free world' leader and maintained it on two
premises: the eminent superiority of American liberal institutions, not only in terms of
'freedom' but in terms of material prosperity, and also the overwhelming superiority of
the US in the technology of mass destruction. Sputnik, however, gave the lie to the
premise that the US was 'both "better" and mightier than its chief rival' (McDougall
1985: 7). As critics increasingly condemned Eisenhower's apparently passive and
unconcerned leadership for being 'old-fashioned' and 'out of touch' (McDougall 1985: 7),
a particular political discourse began to emerge in the US, founded on a
certain type of sexual metaphor and the assertion of virile, heterosexual
masculinity, led by Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. These were
both men heavily indoctrinated in the myths and ethos of patriotic frontier
masculinity, and who placed at the heart of their politics the virtue of capturing the
New Frontier. This reshaping of masculinity, alluding to the 'pioneer'
adventurers of the old 'Wild West' bur heavily predicated on mastering the
technologies of space exploration, rejected the apparent discoordination of the
private sector and the stagnancy of consumerism that, many believed, had caused
complacency and heaped embarrassment on the US. Just as the American Westhad
signalled freedom and a virile optimism to expansive, US frontier masculinity (see
Hooper 2001: 68-69), so the conquest and colonization of space provided a
suitably challenge-filled outlet to revive the frustrated masculinity of late
1950s America. In all this, US political discourse was fuelled by a fear of emasculation
through Soviet achievement and a national paranoia that the US might be perceived, by
others and itself, as in any sense weak, complacent, showing any kind of 'missile gap', or
aspect of 'lack'. Eisenhower's more careful and restrained approach was quickly replaced
with Kennedy's cult of masculine prowess, a career premised, as Dean articulates, on an
'ideology of masculinity' constructed around culturally resonant images of the 'stoic
warrior-intellectual' (Dean 2001: 169). The late 1950s was a period of massive US selfdoubt, propelled by what Michaud refers to as 'a surge of discourses on emasculation
and feminized conformity' (2005: 4). Kennedy's assertion (written in The Nation, before
he announced he was to run for his party's nomination to presidential candidate), that
the US had 'gone soft: physically, mentally, spiritually soft'; that the US was 'in danger of
losing our will to fight, to sacrifice, to endure' and that the 'slow corrosion of luxury is
beginning to show', found great sway across America, an assertion, as Dean illustrates,
of manly strength against feminized weakness, youth against age, stoic austerity against
debilitating luxury (2001: 170). Kennedy's immediate focus on the 'space gap' signaled
the announcement of a more militaristically virile engagement. Space exploration thus
became a central policy tenet of the Kennedy government, with the operation to get a US
astronaut on the Moon a means of reasserting US authority and avenging any doubts as
to the administration's ability to perform. While the USSR operated a single military
space programme, tending to classify many of the (at least earlier) processes of its
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development of space technology, the US elected a different approach, one that


intentionally and actively separated the public and private of space colonization through
the creation of so-called 'civilian' programmes (ostensibly, more open to the public) run
by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA), such as the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon, and the more secretive
'military' space agencies run by the Department of Defense (DoD) (operating both'
classified' and 'unclassified' operations).3 Once known as US Space Command
(USSPACECOM), military space operations are now labelled under the general rubric of
US Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM). NASA, which was established in 1958, one year
after the launch of Sputnik, is primarily responsible for the 'scientific' discovery and
exploration of space, the development of applications for space technology (including
weather and communications satellites), and the development of the space shuttle and
ongoing operations to secure a permanent human presence in space on the international
space station. In NASA's own words, it is focused on developing 'America's ready access
to space' (NASA). US Space Command, on the other hand, was designed at its creation,
in 1985, 'to help institutionalize the use of space in U.S. deterrence efforts' (United
States Strategic Command). Conceived as a unified command centre of United States
military operations in Space, in October 2002 the DoD merged USSPACECOM
withUSSTRATCOM, which had been established in 1992, under President George
H. Bush, according to US Strategic Command, to 'encourage stability in the
post-Cold War world' (ibid.). Post 9/11, the merger (so the US administration
claimed) was intended as a 'more integrated approach' to the defence of the
US 'in response to a dramatically changing security environment generated by
emerging global and transregional threats' (ibid.).4 The contemporary politics of US
space discourse US Strategic Command today controls not only space operations, but all
nuclear weapon assets of the US military, 'Information Operations', 'Integrated Missile
Defense',
'Global Command and Control', 'Intelligence', 'Surveillance and Reconnaissance', 'Global
Strike' and 'Strategic Deterrence'. In its own words, USSTRATCOM: is a global integrator
charged with the miSSlOns of full-spectrum global strike, space operations, computer
network operations, Department of Defense information operations, strategic warning,
integrated missile defense, global C4ISR (Command,
Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and
Reconnaissance), combating weapons of mass destruction, and specialized expertise to
the joint warfighter. (United States Strategic Command) Space's position in US politics as
commercially relevant is a little hazier. As Wirbel argues,the 2001 recession effectively
'imploded' the commercial space industry with, not least since 9/11, the lines
between civilian and military resources becoming ever more blurred as civilian
companies look to the military for dual-use functions to their products(Wirbel
2002). The importance of economic, scientific and technological gain to the US should
not be underestimated, but it certainly would be careless to ignore the strength of the
ties that bind US discourse on outer space to military endeavour. There remains a
close proximity, in official and unofficial US rhetoric, between the militarization
of outer space and its exploitation for economic, technological and scientific
profit, embedded within a wider, neo-liberal discourse concerning the assumed
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essentiality of the (rational) individual's need for freedom, choice and access
to markets. Thus, while it is true that a particularly insidious neo-liberal globalization
thesis (dependent on the expansion of the free market into all areas of social life) does
indeed drive much of US space discourse today, as it does US politics more broadly,
space is rarely conceived of primarily in commercial terms in the US. Communications
satellites have, since the passage of the 1962 Communications Satellite Act, chiefly been
a private sector activity, but, according to Smith, attempts 'to commercialize other
aspects of space activities have yielded mixed success' (2003: 7). In spite of
USSPACECOM's insistence that 'Space commerce is becoming increasingly important to
the global economy', relations between US military and private space operations are
frequently tense, not least concerning the perceived 'threat' to national security created
by commercial 'imagery' sales
(US commercial imaging satellites compete with French, Russian, Indian and
Israeli companies to 'see' an object or feature of a certain size from outer space. See
Smith 2003: 7-8). An issue of particular concern, for example, involves the 'shutter
control' policy inaugurated by the Clinton administration in 1994, wherein the US
government may force commercial companies to discontinue obtaining or distributing
imagery of certain parts of the world, causing some political groups to complain that the
media and relief agencies are being deprived of essential data (Smith 2003: 8). When the
US launched attacks on
Afghanistan, the DoD decided to control access to imagery through the National Imagery
and Mapping Agency (NIMA), which bought the exclusive rights to Ikonos (a private
sector satellite owned by Space Imaging) imagery of that area, preventing anyone else's
use of this data without NIMA's approval. The current political climate in the US,
overseen by the Bush administration, has bred a quieter but no less emphatic approach
to outer space than has gone before, as predicated on the attainment of military and
strategic superiority as US Cold War discourse at its peak, but conspicuously lacking
the recognition that other nations may also have rights in space(not least those
rights that could mean another nation rivalling the US in space capabilities.As
USSPACECOM's 'Vision for 2020' makes clear, the only outcome the US is willing
to consider is 'full spectrum dominance'). With minimal fanfare, President George W.
Bush authorized, on 31 August 2006, a new national space policy to supersede Clinton's
previous 1996 policy. The policy is careful, at the very outset, to highlight the civil and
commercial benefits of outer space exploration, with space described as 'a place that is
increasingly used by a host of nations, consortia, businesses, and entrepreneurs' (US
National Space Policy 2006). This said, the strategic ambitions of the Bush administration
are not long withheld, with 'those who effectively utilize space' enjoying added prosperity
and security' and holding 'a substantial advantage over those who do not' (ibid.).
Freedom of action in space is as important to the United States as air power and sea
power. In order to increase knowledge, discovery, economic prosperity, and to enhance
the national security, the United States must have robust, effective and efficient space
capabilities. (ibid.; emphasis added) The 2006 Space Policy provides an example of
the increasingly blurred boundaries in contemporary US political culture between
commercial imperatives, various narratives of scientific 'progress' and 'discovery', and
the unashamed imperialism of a post-9fII discourse of weaponization,
territorial conquest and securitization.Although part of the policy remains classified,
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and the unclassified document does not per se call for the deployment of US weapons
systems in space (theGlobe and Mai/),it explicitly does allow for any 'US defense
and intelligence-related activities in pursuit of national interests', permits the
US to reject 'any claims to sovereignty by any nation over Outer Space or
celestial bodies', and states that the US 'rejects any limitations on the fundamental
right of the United States to operate in and acquire data from space' (US National Space
Policy). Any arms control agreements or restrictions that may impair 'the rights of the
United States to conduct research, development, testing, and operations or activities in
space for US national interests' will be opposed. As far as the commercial use of space is
discussed, the policy states that a commercial space sector will be encouraged only
where it can be 'consistent with national security', 'promote innovation', 'strengthen US
leadership' and 'protect national, homeland, and economic security'.

And, this normalizing of gender superiority devalues human life to the point of
nothingness, according to Tickner:
Tickner, 92-[ J. Ann. (1992). (Gender in International Relations: Feminist
Perspectives on Achieving Global Security, Engendered Insecurities. Columbia
University Press. Retrieved June 22, 2011 from Columbia International Affairs
Onlinehttp://www.ciaonet.org/book/tickner/tickner12.html]- AAA
While the purpose of this book is to introduce gender as a category of analysis into the
discipline of international relations, the marginalization of women in the arena of foreign
policy-making through the kind of gender stereotyping that I have described suggests
that international politics has always been a gendered activity in the modern state
system. Since foreign and military policy-making has been largely conducted by men, the
discipline that analyzes these activities is bound to be primarily about men and
masculinity. We seldom realize we think in these terms, however; in most fields of
knowledgewe have become accustomed to equating what is human with what is
masculine.Nowhere is thismore true than in international relations, a discipline that,
while it has for the most part resisted the introduction of gender into its discourse, bases
its assumptions and explanations almost entirely on the activities and experiences of
men. Any attempt to introduce a more explicitly gendered analysis into the field must
therefore begin with a discussion of masculinity. Masculinity and politics have a long and
close association. Characteristics associated with "manliness," such as toughness,
courage, power, independence, and even physical strength, have, throughout
history, been those most valued in the conduct of politics, particularly
international politics. Frequently, manliness has also been associated with violence
and the use of force, a type of behavior that, when conducted in the international arena,
has been valorized and applauded in the name of defending one's country.
Thiscelebration of male power, particularly the glorification of the male warrior,
produces more of a gender dichotomy than exists in realityfor, as R. W. Connell
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points out, this stereotypical image of masculinity does not fit most men.Connell
suggests that what he calls "hegemonic masculinity," a type of culturally dominant
masculinity that he distinguishes from other subordinated masculinities, is a socially
constructed cultural ideal that, while it does not correspond to the actual personality of
the majority of men, sustains patriarchal authority and legitimizes a patriarchal political
and social order.6Hegemonic masculinity is sustained through its oppositionto
various subordinated and devalued masculinities, such as homosexuality, and,
more important, through its relation to various devalued femininities. Socially
constructed gender differences are based on socially sanctioned, unequal
relationships between men and women that reinforce compliance with men's
stated superiority. Nowhere in the public realm are these stereotypical gender images
more apparent than in the realm of international politics, where the characteristics
associated with hegemonic masculinity are projected onto the behavior of states whose
success as internationalactors is measured in terms of their power capabilities and
capacity for self-help and autonomy.

And, the perpetual reification of patriarchy in our everyday lived actions has
impacts, real ones, Warren and Cady explain:
Warren and Cady 94Warren is the Chair of the Philosophy Department at Macalester
College and Cady is Professor of Philosophy at Hamline University (Karen and
Duane, Feminism and Peace: Seeing Connections, p. 16,
JSTOR,http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/3810167.pdf, JB)

Operationalized, the evidence of patriarchy as a dysfunctional system is found in the


behaviors to which it gives rise, (c), and the unmanageability, (d), which results. For
example, in the United States, current estimates are that one out of every three or four
women will be raped by someone she knows; globally, rape, sexual harassment, spousebeating, and sado-masochistic pornography are examples of behaviors practiced,
sanctioned, or tolerated within patriarchy. In the realm of environmentally destructive
behaviors, strip-mining, factory farming, and pollution of the air, water, and soil
are instances of behaviors maintained and sanctioned within patriarchy. They,
too, rest on the faulty beliefs that it is okay to "rape the earth,"that it is "man's Godgiven right" to have dominion (that is, domination) over the earth, that nature
has only instrumental value, that environmental destruction is the acceptable price we
pay for "progress."And the presumption of warism, that war is a natural, righteous, and
ordinary way to impose dominion on a people or nation, goes hand in hand with
patriarchy and leads to dysfunctional behaviors of nations and ultimately to international
unmanageability. Much ofthe current" unmanageability" of contemporary life in
patriarchal societies, (d),isthen viewed asa consequence of a patriarchal
preoccupation with activities, events, and experiences that reflect historically
male-gender identified beliefs, values, attitudes, and assumptions. Included
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among these real-life consequences are precisely those concerns with nuclear
proliferation, war, environmental destruction, and violence toward
women,which many feminists see asthe logical outgrowth of patriarchal thinking.
In fact, it is often only through observing these dysfunctional behaviors-the symptoms of
dysfunctionality that one can truly see that and how patriarchy serves to maintain and
perpetuate them. When patriarchy is understood as a dysfunctional system, this
"unmanageability" can be seen for what it is-as a predictable and thus logical
consequence of patriarchy.'1 The theme that global environmental crises, war, and
violence generally are predictable and logical consequences of sexism and patriarchal
culture is pervasive in ecofeminist literature (see Russell 1989, 2). Ecofeminist Charlene
Spretnak, for instance, argues that "militarism and warfare are continual features
of a patriarchal society because they reflect and instill patriarchal values and
fulfill needs of such a system. Acknowledging the context of patriarchal
conceptualizations that feed militarism is a first step toward reducing their impact and
preserving life on Earth" (Spretnak 1989, 54). Stated in terms of the foregoing model of
patriarchy as a dysfunctional social system, the claims by Spretnak and other feminists
take on a clearer meaning: Patriarchal conceptual frameworks legitimate impaired
thinking (about women, national and regional conflict, the environment) which
is manifested in behaviors which, if continued, will make life on earthdifficult, if
not impossible. It is a stark message, but it is plausible. Its plausibility lies in
understanding the conceptual roots of various woman-nature-peace connections in
regional, national, and global contexts.

Scene 2 is a better story


We center our counter narrative to current U.S. space policy around the text of
My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, as a key textual problemitization of the
patriarchal structure of gender normativity, According to Manuel:
Manuel 11 Welcome to the Herd: A Feminist Watches My Little Pony: Friendship is
Magic by Emily Manuel, editor for globalcomment.com AUGUST 25,
2011 http://globalcomment.com/2011/welcome-to-the-herd-a-feminist-watches-mylittlepony-friendship-is-magic/
I admit it, I was skeptical when I first the buzz about the new My Little Pony show. I like a
My Little Pony as much as the next fully grown womanusually if its been modded to
look like Star Treks Borg or somethingbut the offerings sold to young girls these days
are fairly uninspiring at best, horrible at worst. Its hard to walk through the girls
department of a toy store without getting an eye-strain from all the pink, and even
harder to imagine a spinoff shilling Hasbros evergreen toy series being particularly
engrossing for a five year-old let alone an adult viewer. But at the prompting of
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Aishwarya Subramanian, Global Comments resident expert on childrens literature and


matters wondrous, eventually I managed to sit down to watch an episode. And what I
found was a delightful, well-written, funny show with strong characters, helmed by a
woman (Lauren Faust) to boot. So then I watched another episode. And then I forced my
partner to watch one with me, and another, until we were finished with the first season
quoting the characters (Pinkie Pies hissed foreverrrr is a particular favourite) and
scanning Equestria Daily searching for fan-created works to get us through the long wait
until the next season. Welcome to the herd. Theres a lot going on with MLP:FiM,
including a sizable adult male viewership (of which, more later), but the most
important thingto me about the show is this: it presents a world in which the
normative position is female. The five main characters of the show are female,
as is the ruler of the shows setting in the kingdom of
Equestria, Princess Celestia. In fact,so many of the shows characters are female
that among the shows fans the assumption is generally that even nonspeaking characters are femalean interesting change from the default male
setting that still dominates most areas of culture (try mentioning your doctor and
see how many times you get a she assumption not many, in my experience). The
show offers a wide range of types of female charactersfrom the conscientious
scholar Twilight Sparkle, the fashion-conscious Rarity, the farmhand Applejack, the brash
Rainbow Dash, the softly-spoken animal-loving Fluttershy and the hyperactive, frequently
nonsensical Pinkie Pie. Each has her own talents, desires, and personally quirks.
Theyre active, not passive. Even better, many episodes demonstrate a
layered, even wise, approach to character; appearances are never quite what
they seem to be.In Swarm of the Century, Pinkie Pies decidedly uncommon sense is
dismissed by the other characters, right until she saves the day with a one-pony polka.
And the action doesnt centre on girls relation to men and boys, it primarily
focuses on their friendships, their relationships with one another. Conflicts
arise naturally, from misperception, selfishness, arrogance, thoughtlessness
but not by the horizontal pitting of girls against each other in kyriarchical
narrative fighting for male approval. Theres only two minor plotlines centreing on
romance Spike the dragons crush on Rarity, and Raritys Prince Blueblood at the Grand
Galloping Gala in The Best Night Ever.
Neither is a very central storyline, and in the case of Rarity, the Prince is shown to be
selfish and rude, a poor substitute for a night with her friends. Theres nothing wrong
with a bit of romance in childrens stories (though I suppose its too much to ask a
mainstream show to have canonical queer children), but there is often a disproportionate
emphasis on it. In contrast, My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic doesnt just pass
the Bechdel test, it shatters it. There is only one male regular character on the show,
the aforementioned baby dragon Spike, and hes relegated to a marginal sidekick kind of
role. This is a clever reversal of what feminist essayist Katha Pollitt two decades ago
called
the Smurfette Principle, the way in which male characters dominate, with a lone female
character rounding out the cast. Pollitt argues that: The message is clear. Boys are the
norm, girls the variation; boys are central, girls peripheral; boys are individuals, girls
types. Boys define the group, its story and its code of values. Girls exist only in relation
to boys. Sadly, this remains as true now as it is then. For adults as well as children,
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texts in which men dominate are still largely considered neutral, whereas
those which feature a similar female predominance are relegated to the chickflick bin, watched only by women. The logic goes: men wont watch shows or
films about women, they can only identify with other men. Yet MLP:FiM, of all
shows, puts the lie to this wellworn, if nonsensical, cultural dogma. To the
surprise of all concerned, MLP:FiM has managed to attract a huge adult male fanbase
dubbed bronies

Specifically, we locate our counter narrative within the broader trajectory of


Brony fan culture, as a particular micro-narrative against gender normativity,
Conger explains:
Conger 11 Bronies: For Men Who Love My Little Ponies by Cristen Conger
Journalist, writes for multiple media outlets| September 19,
2011 http://blogs.howstuffworks.com/2011/09/19/bronies-for-men-who-love-mylittleponies/
I guess I was a little behind on my Internet memes when I received an email from
MomStuff listeners Regina a couple weeks ago. She wrote in to tell Caroline and me
about a group of My Little Ponies Friendship Is Magic (MLPFISM) fanboys
collectively known as bronies. (KnowYourMeme offers an excellent primer on how
brony Internet culture started.) Considering that the My Little Pony franchise has been
marketed to young girls since it broke out of the stables in 1982, Regina wrote that she
was dubious that bronies really existed. But a visit to a bronies meet-up event proved
otherwise. Regina recounted: Then I went to a brony meet up in my city after seeing it
advertised on Equestria Daily, probably the biggest fan-run websites about the show. Of
the attendees, 22 were male (ages 1730) and 3 females including myself (all of us were
in our early 20s). Having spoken to some of these male fans myself, a common
theme appeared that didnt surprise me: those who were open about their love
for the show were often called gay/pansies/etc. by others.As a result, some were
very closeted about their fandom. For example, we went to Target, which has a lot of
exclusive MLP (My Little Pony) merchandise. One of the male fans, excitedly purchased
a pink MLP duvet for his college dorm featuring two of the unicorn characters. He said, I
know Im going to get so much crap for this from everyone, but I want this. In addition to
extensive 4Chan posts, bronies have churned out MLPFISM video mashups, fan art and
fan fiction. Internet fandom doesnt get much better than the bronies in my book. Not
least because of the gender norms the bronies buck by unabashedly adoring
the sparkle n pop Ponies. As a fantastic bronies article in Wired magazine observed
earlier this year: Despite a tacit understanding that some people might be
surprised by their choice of entertainment, most bronies show little to no
compunction about their fandom. They shouldnt have to. And, intentionally or
not, they might be bucking the gender socialization of things considered to be
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for girls or for boys. This might be a little short-sighted on my part, but I just
assumed that any adult man who didnt have a little girl wouldnt even give it a try,
Lauren Faust, MLPFISM creator and brony icon, told Wired.
Thus, <PARTNER NAME> and I stand resolved that the United States Federal
Government should create an orbital friendship cannon in outer space outside
of the Earths mesosphere
We do not defend plan fiat, and instead base our advocacy on the alternative
magical construct of friendship, well clarify.

Scene 3 is Solvency
Know Your Meme Explains:
Know Your Meme, No Date of Publication, Accessed on
3/18/12: http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/friendship-arsenal
About The Friendship Arsenal features a series of weapon-based image macros and
animated gifs used within the fanbase of the popular Tv Series My Little Pony: Friendship
is Magic. Multiple variations excist of this. Origin: Orbital
Friendship Cannon Orbital Friendship Cannon, also known as the Sonic Rainboom
Laser, is the first known weapon in the Friendship Arsenal. The image originated
from episode 16 of the first season of the series, Sonic Rainboom. During
the episode, the character Rainbow Dash can be found flying downwards to
save others from a certain death. Creating the Sonic Rainboom in the
process. Due to the phenomenons appearance being similar in style to an
orbital laser blast, as well as the main theme of the show being
friendship, fans of the show created an image macro of it making it
appear that the Sonic Rainboom is actually a laser shot from orbit. This is
often combined with the phrase Fire the Orbital Friendship Cannon.
Darken the Skies With Hate is a phrase related to the Orbital Friendship Cannon,
and is used as its exact opposite. The image contains a color-inverted image of the
original version. This is traditionally used by either a more violent brony who thinks
the atmosphere requires more conflict, or a troll who is trying to intentionally anger
the surrounding bronies. Spread Following the creation and repeated use of
Orbital Laser image macros on numerous websites such as 4chan and
Ponychan, the Orbital Friendship
Cannon has become a well-known in-joke within the brony community.

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Scene 4 is our Method


We argue that the role of the ballot is critical narrative endorsement, as an
audience member you should vote for the team that offers the most
productive, least problematic argumentative telling or re-telling of reality
but this shouldnt surprise anyone, because ALL debate is performance and
narrative, it is never a question of telling a story but instead how that story
interrogates existing modes of power and oppression, and our 1AC engages in
the specific method of narrative criticism, which is key to solving all impacts,
real or otherwise Kirkscey explains:
Kirkscey, 8 (FINDING OPPORTUNITIES: A REEVALUATION OF NARRATIVE: THEORY AND
PRAXIS IN COMMUNICATION STUDIES (THESIS ) Presented to the Graduate Council of
Texas State University-San Marcos by T. Russell Kirkscey, B.A. San Marcos, Texas
May 2008 36-41
Foucault (1980) envisions power as an intertwined set of shifting discursive relations
among people that confine their actions and reactions in some way: [P]ower is
essentially that which represses. Power represses nature, the instincts, a class,
individuals.It has become almost automatic in the parlance of the time to define
power as the organ of repression (p. 90-91). Through discourse, hierarchies of power
constantly form and reform. In this view, all narratives reflect the socio-political
structures in place at the moment (epistemes), normalizing persons in biopower (1980). Narrators and audiences are also caught in the web of power so
that narrative fidelity and narrative probability cannot guarantee an
objective truth. Moreover, ultimate values, because of their relative nature,
are impossible to discover. Narrative discourse (in Fishers view), as does
rational-world argumentation, serves to reify the dominant socio-political
power structures through the authoritarian position of the narrator (see
Danaher, 12 White (1981) uses a comparable notion to provide perspective on the
historical analysis of the Annals of Saint Gall when he suggests that a duty of a
historian may be to fill in missing parts of a narrative to the best of her ability. 37
Schirato, & Webb, 2000, p. 8).
Foucaults (1972) governing rules also describe the narrators ideological role in
producing social structures that control the dissemination and formation of
narratives. Persons can approach certain topics only if they have specific
qualifications, they use certain settings, and they make appropriate gestures
(especially linguistic choices). Each narrative contains these strictures, and
each one contains the elements to describe the uses, abuses, creation,
stagnation and/or consolidation of power in society. Power that accumulates
turns persons and institutions into monolithic, rigid entities that reify
themselves to support oppression of other persons and institutions. Since the
power structure itself always skews the understanding of signs, finding truth
through the examination of value systems in argumentationusing either the
narrative paradigm or the rational-world paradigmbecomes an unreachable
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goal. Instead, I propose that critics (as audience members)with the admission
that they, too, are
ideologically motivateddescribe movements of power in narratives by creating
new narratives to uncover spaces of resistance that will allow for the
unimpeded circulation of power. No risk of hierarchy or ideological oppression
exists because any audience member who creates a new story may (or may
not) use components of the other audience members narratives. This gives
each audience member equal voice and equal ability to contribute in a
marketplace of ideas. The telos of the critical analysis, instead of aiming to
gather power into a new place, acts only to keep power circulating through
narrative discourse.I agree with Fisher (1987a) that narratives can allow marginalized
voices to be heard and to critique the status quo. However, rather than attempting to
measure the 38 relative truth of their stories, audiencesand rhetorical critics as
audience members should identify modes of shifting, gaining, and retaining
power in a constant critique of discursive formations(McKerrow, 1989). I also
agree with Fisher that narrative rhetorical analysis is not limited to skilled
professionals as it is in the rational world paradigm. Rather, my extension of the
narrative paradigm creates two possible levels of application: one from the members of
the audience and one from the rhetorical criticthe specific intellectual in the
audiencethat Foucault (1980) describes as not the jurist or notable, but the savant or
expert (p. 128) whose specificity is linked, in a society like ours,
to the general functioning of an apparatus of truth (p. 132). Foucault emphasizes that It
would be a dangerous error to discount [the specific intellectual] politically in his
specific relation to a local form of power, either on the grounds that this is a specialist
matter which doesnt concern the masses (which is doubly wrong; they are already
aware of it, and in any case implicated in it), or that the specific intellectual serves the
interest of State or Capital (which is true, but at the same time shows the strategic
position he occupies), or, again, on the grounds that he propagates a scientific ideology
(which isnt always true, and is anyway certainly a secondary matter compared with the
fundamental point: the effects proper to true discourses. (1980, p. 131) I maintain that
both the audience and the rhetorical critic as an audience member can
operate and struggle at the general level of that rgime of truth which is so
essential to the structure and functioning of our society. (Foucault, 1980,
p. 132). The specific intellectual may bring a deeper understanding of
narrative construction or a more- complete analysis of power depiction
because of research skills or clarity of analysis. However, my method invites all
audience members to use the ontological foundations of the narrative
paradigm to participate more completely in a narrative criticism that can
increase their conception of a truth which can actively change their lives at the
individual level by exposing the power structures implicit in society. Foucault
contends that this action is key to understanding the role of discourse in
relation to power and knowledge: Discourses are not once and for all
subservient to power or raised up against it, any more than silences are. We
must make allowance for the
concepts complex and unstable process whereby discourse can be both an
instrument and an effect of power, but also a hindrance, a stumbling block, a
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point of resistance and a starting point for an opposing strategy. Discourse


transmits and produces power; it reinforces it, but also undermines and
exposes it, renders it fragile and makes it possible to thwart it. (1980, p. 100101; cited in McKerrow, 1989, p. 98) Here Foucault describes a role for audiences
andrhetorical critics,one that still gives them a definite prescriptive purpose: to
uncover the places where discourse transmits, exposes, and renders
fragile power. More important, though, is Foucaults choice of the term thwart.
Ultimately, critics should work to resist the totalization of power. However, Foucault is
not seeking a particular normative structurecritique is not about the business of
moving us toward perfection (McKerrow, 1989, p. 97). Rather, critics must
consciously continue to push against the inherent powers that control
audiences. Consequently, the truth at which an audience can arrive (with or
without the assistance of the rhetorical critic) is in the daily action of understanding
the ever-changing human conditionthe constant reconfiguration of power
through the constant examination of ever-changing narratives.Derrida (1982)
supports this assertion: The amalgamation of syntagmas creates new knowledge in the
form of a new narrative which also corresponds to whatever always has resisted the
organization of forces, which always has constituted the remainder irreducible to the
dominant force which organized thelogocentric hierarchy (p. 329-330, italics in
original). An audiences intensive examination of these issues can only lead to
more creative and constructive forms of resistance (Biesecker, 1992). Moreover,
Phillips (2002) contends that the spaces for emergence of resistance are also
spaces of invention that allow a resolution among power, knowledge, and the
subjectivity (context) in which Foucauldian theory demands the narrator and audience
work (p. 332). These spacesof invention are the areas necessary to continue the
(re)formation of narratives. Conclusion In this chapter, I have elaborated a method
of narrative rhetorical criticism that emphasizes audience participation in the
construction and understanding of narrativesrather than focusing on more
traditional, narrator-centered stories. First, the critic as an audience member locates
and identifies a symbol (phrase, term, object, sign) that consistently appears in
different narratives or narrative
fragments (iterations). Next, the critic uses the recurrences of the symbol to
create/reveal a narrative that ostensibly dominates other narratives. Then the
critic constructs one or more alternative narratives that open spaces for
resistance to the dominant narrative. Finally, the critic describes the
relationship between this dominant narrative and the stagnation or movement
of power caused by this story. Through the shift in emphasis from homo narrans to
homo attendens, audiences and rhetorical critics can critique aspects of that
society and enhance it epistemologically in a self-reflexive, autonomous
exercise that emphasizes their cognitive being. Derrida (1982) notes: [T]his
operation of supplementation is not exhibited as a break in presence, but rather as a
reparation and a continuous, homogenous modification of presence in
representation (p. 313). When audiences and critics acknowledge that no one can
escape the power structure, they can begin to use Foucauldian analysis in
various ways to create a more dynamic society. They can spend fruitful time
finding the actual sources of power and uncovering the relationships among
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the various sources of this power. Since no one authoritative discourse exists,
critics must describe as many narratives as possible to enlighten other members of the
society (Danaher, Schirato, & Webb, 2000, p. 77). Audiences must constantly search
for innovative ways to resist power. In heeding the messages of narrators and
rhetorical critics, they can resist power and create shifts in the power
structures in society.

And, incorporating the disparate narrative of fan culture against broader


organized culture is a key narrative move against the hegemonic culture of
patriarcy, Lo explains:
Lo 2001 Maps and Tracings: Fandom and Fanfiction by 2001 Malinda Lo, independent
writer and researcher, focuses on fan fiction an critical cultural studies.
http://malindalo.com/scully/maps.htm
Fandom "Fandom," a very loosely bounded group of thousands of people who have
diverse interests in popular culture, from comic books to pop singers, has been described
as a "shadow cultural economy" with "its own systems of production and
distribution...that lies outside that of the cultural industries" (Fiske 1992, 30). It is useful
to conceive of fandom as a "shadow cultural economy," but it is not located "outside" of
the culture industry, unless "culture industry" is defined solely in terms of corporate
Hollywood. Fandom is an integral and constitutive part of the culture industry; without
fans, there would be no popular culture. In addition, I do not want to imply that "fandom"
is an isolated community separate from the rest of life in contemporary Western
societies; fandom exists within the larger society, and there are many fans who
would contest the idea that "fandom" is a "community" at all. Fandom is, however, a
"shadow economy" in that it produces cultural products in the liminal areas
between corporate cultural production and mass consumption. Deleuze and
Guattari's concept of the "rhizome," which has often been used as a metaphor to
describe the Internet, is a much more apt description of "fandom." Deleuze and Guattari
describe the first four main principles of the rhizome as follows: 1. and 2. Connection and
heterogeneity: "any point of a rhizome can be connected to anything other, and must be"
(7).3. Multiplicity: "A multiplicity has neither subject nor object, only determinations,
magnitudes, and dimensions that cannot increase in number without the multiplicity
changing in nature" (8).4.
Asignifying rupture: "A rhizome may be broken, shattered at a given spot, but it will start
up again on one of its old lines, or on new ones" (9). The popularization of the Internet as
a central location for many fan cultures means that fandom--which used to exist in
geographically disparate groups of fans who came together regularly for conventions-has taken on many of the characteristics of the Internet. Although many fans limit
themselves to one or two fandoms (e.g., X-Philes or Trekkers), it is now quite easy to find
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other fandoms and engage in them via the Internet. A fan can easily choose to post
on message boards or join mailing lists in multiple fandoms. Media fandom (as
opposed to sports fandom), then, is a multiplicity of persons drawn together in
varying configurations according to shared interests in TV, movies, comics, or
novels. As the magnitudes and/or orientations of one grouping change, so does
the nature of the multiplicity. For example, as Buffy: The Vampire Slayer has drawn a
larger fan following, several X-Files fan fiction writers have begun to shift fandoms to
write in the Buffy universe. In addition, new writers are always emerging within XFiles fandom, bringing with them new voices and new styles of writing. The
principle of asignifying rupture as it applies to fandom is clearly discernible
with an example from X-Files fan fiction. The season 7 finale, "Requiem," in which Mulder
was abducted by aliens, revealed that the previouslyinfertile Scully had mysteriously
become pregnant. Thus, some fan fiction that was written pre-"Requiem" in which Scully
is infertile veered into "alternate universe" (AU) with the onset of Scully's pregnancy. The
canonical development of her pregnancy combined with Mulder's abduction inspired a
flood of post-episode stories that dealt with these plot developments. When season 8
began, many of these stories became AU. Some authors chose to incorporate aspects of
season 8 in their stories, while others who were unhappy with Scully's pregnancy chose
to ignore it and write AU stories, or stories set at different points in the X-Files time line
(e.g., in season 3). Fan Fiction: A Beginner's Guide Fan fiction is the writing and
sharing of stories written by fans featuring the characters and universe of a
television show (The X-Files), movie (Star Wars), or comic book series (The X-Men). Fan
fiction writers are overwhelmingly female, middle class, and range in age from their
teens well into middle age. The wide age range is likely due to the technology of the
Internet, which enables diverse groups of people to interact who would not normally do
so in real life. Fan fiction has been interpreted as a subversive act--as women
writing about sex while infringing on copyright law (Bacon-Smith 1992)--but women do
not approach fan fiction with the goal of breaking the law; fan fiction is seductive to so
many fans because it offers the freedom to manipulate favorite characters and settings,
free from the restraint of publishers or the series' creators (Green et al. 1998).

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New Vegas 1AC

WELCOME TO NEW VEGAS


Its not the destination that matters, but the journey. Its not about where you go, but
how you got there. One day we reach our goal, and now point with pride to the long
travels we undertook to reach it. IN fact, we were not even aware of traveling. But we got
so far because we fancied at every point that we were at home. And it is only at the end
that we realize the entire time we should have been singing. That the entire time we
were traveling we should have been dancing.
I remember driving through New Vegas, staring out the windows of the truck as we
bumped down a dusty desert road. Vast expanses of nothingness surrounded me,
cracked earth and red mesas blurred into a single waking dream. I could never really tell
the exact moment when I fell asleep: when reality stopped being real, when rationality
got turned off and the sky started to change colors. When the desert turned into oceans
turned into people turned into laptop backlights turned into kaleidoscopic visions. I blink
my eyes and the world clicks:
Click.
Now Im on the deck of the Titanic.
Click.
Now Im the president, addressing the people.
Click.
Now Im in a debate round in _______. A voice whispers into my ear:this life which
you dream must be lived by you once again and innumerable times more! 1 It seems
every time I wake from a dream I find myself in another nightmare; always waking up,
never awakening. I open my mouth but the only words I can find on my tongue are
already gone, a figment of a previous dream. Only a poem comes to my tongue, a poem
that isnt mine, a poem I dreamt long ago
if you were a gasping
New Mexican wasteland
I would learn how to irrigate, and Id
dig it all myself
Id dig it with my fingernails until
they fell
off and
then Id use them as little shovels,
Id drain
lake after river after
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ocean to bring life to you


and when it was all said and
done, when I was finally
satisfied
by your satisfaction,
1 Friedrich Nietzsche, Demon parable

youd remind me how without


thirst, there
would be no
pleasure in drinking. youd remind
me of all
of the animals
and plants and earthly cycles that have
been ruined by
my actions. you would remind me of
how a life full of thirst might be
more meaningful than a life full of
drinking.1

In memoriam: deserts.
Hello: my name is debate, and Im depressed. I feel so bogged down by responsibilities
as if I HAVE to act a certain way. Im not really sure why it has to be me, you know? I
just want to have fun, I want to be free, but it seems like everyone is always breathing
down my neck. You have to grow up to be a well respected man about town, you have
to be important! You have to be tidy and proper! Be predictable, people will like you
more. I think in the end it is all the same, just more and more responsibility thrown in
my face. More and more things everyone tells me to do or say or be: they always tell me
to drink, never be thirsty the say. They treat me like a wasteland: an emptiness, a void
to be filled, a blank sheet to be drawn on.
Welcome to New Vegas: hear me gasp. I see rounds every year: debaters pull recycled
expando files on the same old shit. This round was Shawnee mission west; you can bet
money they read the spending DA. South next round; same old ddev and wipeout
blocks. SME MT round 3: the 1nc will be 3 Ts, The PIC, Wipeout, Nietzsche and politics.
CCC after that; like I havent heard THAT T Bases twelve thousand times. Millard next
round; expect the unexpected. Its the same routine, the same banal bullshit. Even when
its wild and unpredictable its always part of the plan. Its all so rational, so calculated,
so mechanical and it makes me so goddamn sick. It doesnt matter what happens,
even if the plan is horrifying. For instance, if I say that tomorrow a gang banger is going
to get shot, or a truck full of soldiers is gonna get blown up, no one panics because its
all according to the plan.3 Dont trust whistles, nothing absurd: no garden walls. Debate
has become a church full of stale air: welcome to the cult of the rational and the Good,
1

Ego Treadmill, Anna Victoria, Connecticut, published in TeenInk

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the empire aligned against the forces of Evil and the insane. Anyone falling outside our
plan: well, fuck em

The Joker, The Dark Knight

Deleuze and Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus, pg. 158=59, 1980

The judgment of God, the system of the judgment of God, the theological system, is
precisely the operation of He who makes an organism, an organization of organs called
the organism, because He cannot bear the BwO, because He pursues it and rips it apart
so He can be first, and have the organism be first. The BwO howls: Theyve made me
an organism! Theyve wrongfully folded me! Theyve stolen my body! The judgment of
God uproots it from its immanence and makes it an organism, a signification, a subject.
It is the BwO that is stratified. It swings between two poles, the surfaces of stratification
into which it is recoiled, on which it submits to the judgment, and the plane of
consistency in which it unfurls and opens to experimentation4
I remember my first debate round: the day I learned the rules. Ive been told to conform,
told to become something Im not, a form I dont belong in, a body thats not mine.
Little Gods are birthed on all sides: the ballot, the judge, the preference sheet. Dont
want to read the K in front of that guy. Dont say fuck in front of her, shell knock
your speaker points. Little body-snatchers throw me into alien forms. Little words instill
death in me. I have been ordered, controlled, cataloged and filed like a footnote: footnote
233, they call me. "It's not up to you," said Kronman. "The discourse makes of you
something. It makes of you something juridical. In your case, we just call it 233 for
short."
"For short?" I saw a glimmer of hope. 233 was merely a mnemonic device. "Then I don't
really have to become
233?" I asked with renewed hope. "It's just a name, an address, a handle?"
"You're not paying attention. We call you 233 for short. But once the work is finished,
that's all you are: You are "233 for short.' You don't exist except in the mode of being-forshort. Think of it in Heideggerian terms. Not so much being-there. But rather being-forshort. Nothing else is left of you."5
They tell me Ill be-for-short, nothing but a footnote at the bottom of the latest wiki page.
Round 5, UT. They tell me: You will be organized, you will be an organism, you will
articulate your bodyotherwise youre just depraved. You will be signifier and
signified, interpreter and interpretedotherwise youre just a deviant. You will be a
subject, nailed down as one, a subject of the enunciation recoiled into a subject of the
statement otherwise youre just a tramp.6

In memoriam: debate.
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First national tournament sophomore year: mall of America. Staring at the map which
represents material reality, always representing but never being. Never doing, the stupid
purple sharpie dot proclaims that I am here: but how can I ever be here if Im standing
there. Moreover, how can I be standing there if I am here? I wander over to a map,
desperate to find an exit and a breath of air not laced with pastries, coffee, perfume. He
stared at it incredulously. His location was marked with a dot. That wasnt too confusing
because the statement You are here, was rather explicit. He was more frightened by
the virulent purple sharpie underneath it. It boldly proclaimed in capital letters OR AM
I? The question stared at him, bored into his mind. The Pice de rsistance of his
cultural encounter did nothing but provide his brain with the mental dynamite to blow up
his locked door of cultivated normalcy. He stared around him more bewildered as if the
surreal nature of his surroundings suddenly made sense. Sensory input collapsed upon
sensory input in a giant blur of constant stimulation. Something that catered to every
man-made sultry delight stretched out for him across the glass displays of the mall that
made the mythic markets of civilizations long past, mundane mortuaries. It was city
in the truest sense, its artificial existence. 7
5

- Pierre Schlag, Byron White Professor of Law at the University of Colorado, Summer 2004, Buffalo Law Review, 52 Buffalo L. Rev. 851

Deleuze and Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus, pg. 158-159, 1980

Vincent Li, Mall Story

I am here. Am is an interesting word. How can I be here if I AM here, how can I be if I


am? How can I be?
<shouted> OR AM I?! <shouted>

In memoriam: the map of the body.

When you will have made him a body without organs, then you will have delivered him
from all his automatic reactions and restored him to his true freedom.
They you will teach him again to dance wrong side out as in the frenzy of dance halls
and this wrong side out will be his real place.8
Wed like to think of ourselves sort of like starfish: not that my stomach comes out, but
there are definitely some similarities. We speak of sea monsters, defying time and space.
Our politics is of the brittlestarOf special interest is the information that the
Brittlestar is a creature without a brain; it is simply a visualising apparatus, a
metamorphosing optical system. As Barad forcefully notes, 'there is no res cogitans
agonizing about the postulated gap (of Its own making) between itself and res extensa.
There is no optics of mediation, no noumena/phenomena distinction, no question of
representation' (Barad in press). Instead, the Brittlestar is the model of intraaction,
constantly breaking off and regenerating its bodily boundaries as it enfolds bits of its
environment within itself and expels parts of its own body into the surrounding
environment. In this way, the Brittlestar cannot be said to exist as an autonomous
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entity positioned inside a spacetime frame of reference, neither that of a Euclidean


container nor even that of a dynamical manifold specified by classical science. There is
no pre-existent container or manifold within which the creature exists and moves along
spacetime coordinates while its body is made and remade. Instead, the Brittlestar might
be said to undergo what I would call a spatio-temporalisation, what Barad refers to as
'space-time-matter-in the making.9

In memoriam: organisms.

Antonin Artaud. 1947. Antonin Artaud: Selected Writings. To Have Done with the Judgment of God: A Radio Play University of California Press Berkeley Los
Angeles ISBN 0-520-06443-7 (paperback). Retrieved from: http://ndirty.cute.fi/~karttu/tekstit/artaud.htm.

- Dorothea Olkowski Every One A Crowd, Making Room for the Excluded Middle Deleuze and Queer Theory . Edinburgh University Press, 2009, pg. 55-56

We speak of madness, and we speak madness: a language of Evil. You may ask us, What
does the world of the critique look like? To that we respond HAVE YOU EVER DONE
ACID? The question is self-defeating and without purpose: we are rather like an M.C.
Escher piece, paradox stairs and monks traveling up and down at the same time, praying
to a trickster-God. Wed rather stay as children forever, playing on beaches and drawing
maps with starfish. We return debate in a regurgitated form: digested in the stomach of
the brittlestar, in the stomachs of men who know how to leave, to scramble the
codes, to cause flows to circulate, to traverse the desert of the body without organs.
They overcome a limit, they shatter a wall, the capitalist barrier. And of course they fail
to complete the process, they never cease failing to do so. The neurotic impasse again
closes - the daddy-mommy of oedipalization, America, the return to the native land - or
else the perversion of the exotic territorialities, then drugs, alcohol - or worse still, an
old fascist dream. Never has delirium oscillated more between its two poles. But
through the impasses and the triangles a schizophrenic flow moves, irresistibly; sperm,
river, drainage, inflamed genital mucus, or a stream of words that do not let themselves
be coded, a libido that is too fluid, too viscous: a violence against syntax, a concerted
destruction of the signifier, non-sense erected as a flow, polyvocality that returns to
haunt all relations.10

In memoriam: the political.


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<SHOUT>In summary!</SHOUT>
How much do you
make in that death
factory Severance
owed
in the chamber of
revolvers Empty jails
fall from my scalp
Shake the globe and let me out
If still I can remember the day
That they took you from
me Seems like I've been
running from your
trenchant memory
Harp sickle will warn me when it's over
'Cuz if heaven breathes
then someone trade places
with me
'Cuz I dont want to tear feathers instead of rags
When do I get to see the body
preserved inside this grin
Sewn in the lips
where her last words
Ill be damned - I can still hear her laughing
Your angels have tangled their brass again
The comfort of doubt still it keeps you thin
And still I can remember the day
10 - Deleuze and Guattari, Anti-Oedipus, pg. 132-134

That they took you from


me Seems like I've been
running from your
trenchant memory
Harp sickle will warn me when it's over
Does your temperature ache
Is your glass about to break
Are you purple with current
Will you now become the servant
Gordian knots in the power lines
Saucer fills to empty with pesticide
Like the pharaohs of old
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Bury me in gold
I'll make your son refuse to fight
in the stalk home setting that we
provide
If your heart does cease to
speak My fingernail choir
will make your chalkboard sing11
We knew this day was coming, we prepared the eulogy:

In memoriam: sanity.

But lets get back to this dead-end point between Leibniz and Spinoza, to their inability
to imagine a politics of the empty sign and Cartesian coordinate, one day becoming
revolutionarywhat Im calling the conjunction of deterritorialization processes. I think
its impossible to sustain the sole promotion of the power sign for very long in the
exclusive work of reality* unless you topple over into archaization. So you need to come
to terms with the absurdity of the figure-signs deterritorializtion in its non-sense
efficiency and logic. You need to come to terms with the fact that code surplus value is,
ultimately, taken back under the wing of a super revolutionary alliance machine of
deterritorialized signs that can double and master the set of all local power processes. To
what extent is Spinozas God emptied of its substance? Is this not just another
assemblage of figure-sign flows leading to radical desubstantialization? Permanent
desubstantialization. It always has to happen all over again. Isnt the only way to
eliminate Absolute Knowledge, the Great Other and all the rest to have codes be invaded
by figure-sign cancer? The power sign - the sign-point is continuously deterritorialized,
it never stops producing figure-signs, even trashy ones, and being axiomatized, evading
signifying chains paired with significations, and all this through a pure logic of nonsense.12

11 Luciforms, Mars Volta


12 Guattari in 1970, The Anti-Oedipus Papers, pg. 262

We know its easy to get lost, but of all things to remember we must not forget
ourselves. You are here, here in this room, here in the political, here in space, here in
the ocean, here on the beaches, stick in hand, starfish staring into you: tides consuming
you. We always have to begin on this beach, with ourselves, with the here: where you
are. Artaud puts it well: all writing is so much pig shit - that is to say, any literature that
takes itself as an end or sets ends for itself, instead of being a process that "ploughs the
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crap of being and its language," transports the weak, the aphasiacs, the illiterate. At
least spare us sublimation. Every writer is a sellout. The only literature is that which
places an explosive device in its package, fabricating a counterfeit currency, causing the
superego and its form of expression to explode, as well as the market value of its form of
content.13
So come find us: well be out there in the desert, drawing maps in the sand dunes and
holding funerals for starfish. Come visit us, we would like to be alone with some
company rather than surrounded by ourselves.
Dont worry about directions. Feel free to wander out there. It shouldnt be too hard to
find us because We are deserts, said Deleuze but populated by tribes, flora and fauna . We pass
our time in ordering these tribes, arranging them in other ways, getting rid of some and encouraging
others to prosper. And all these clans, all these crowds, do not undermine the desert, which is our very
ascesis; on the contrary they inhabit it, they pass through it, over it . In Guattari there has always
been a sort of wild rodeo, in part directed against himself. The desert, experimentation on
oneself, is our only identity, our single chance for all the combinations which inhabit us. (Deleuze and

Parnet, 1977, 11) The individual here is explicitly seen as multiple and political, and the

process of subjectification is presented as dynamic and continuing, never as something that has reached
or could reach a satisfactory conclusion. For Deleuze and Guattari living is always a process of
becoming, never of
14

contemplating an achieved being.

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13 - Deleuze and Guattari, Anti-Oedipus, pg. 132-134


14 Andrew Ballantyne, Tectonic Cultures Research Group at Newcastle University , "Deleuze and Guattari for Architects" 78-79

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***Make Me A
Sandwich***

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1AR: 1Ns Burden Shell

a.
b.
c.

d.
e.

a.
b.

Sign your ballot now, the negative has dropped their only obligation and that is the 1N's
burden. Our interpretation of debate is the aff presents a topical plan and the negative
defends a competing policy option, criticism, or the status quo with the 1N making the
2N a sandwich for the final negative speech.
And we have a few net-benefits:
Tradition - since the days of Bill Shanahan, 1N's have been making sandwiches for their
partners.
2N reciprocity - 2N's do a lot of work, they need some recognition, the terminal impact to
this is fairness, it's only fair that the debater who does most if not the entirety of the
work gets the entirety of the sandwich.
Education - the things we talk about are largely constructed but learning how to make a
sandwich is the sort of real-world education we should be striving to get out of debate.
This kind of education is the only kind that we will be using every day for the rest of our
lives.
Jurisdiction - if the 1N doesn't hustle during prep time and during this speech you have a
prima facie duty to vote aff.
Being neg key2Ns carry the negative ship on their back but the 2A needs the 1AR to
win. Its only fair that the 2N gets a sandwich.
And here comes the offense:
Double reverse voting issue - letting the neg get away without making a sandwich makes
it a double reverse no-risk option.
Our ability to affect the world - the world is inherently hungry and people will not listen
unless you bring something to the table. Thus in debates we have to literally bring things
to the metaphorical table, or else all the skills we learn and develop will be futile.
1Ns should make the sandwiches. Specifically, condiments are key to the
judges decision calculus and are good for clash.
Caminer, 10Debater at Northside College Prep, the go-to expert for 1N sandwich
making. (Mitchell, 7/16,10- Policy Debate, subsection called 1Ns burden. Look at edit
history on the page and click the respective link. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?
title=Policy_debate&oldid=373840256)
A common misconception is that pb+j is the way to go. 1N's often forget that many
2N's either don't like the pb+j, or has a partner that is allergic to peanuts (like Tom is).
While a pb+j may be a good generic b or c strat, 1N's should instead focus on finding 2N
specific sandwiches that will maximize 2NR efficiency. For Tom, I've empirically found
that no matter what the sandwich is, having a quality Panini-maker has acted as a force
multiplier. The following is basic advice for 1Ns looking to improve their sandwich
making skills. For bread choice, it needs to be hearty but simple. Many debaters
mistakenly think a multigrain option is the best since it is healthiest, I'm here to tell you
not to do that. Instead, go with an Italian loaf, baguette, Kaiser roll, or even the simple
Wonder Bread. The most important part of the sandwich is the meat. 1N's should find
meats that both taste good and hold up over the course of the tournament. The flavor
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should be present, but not overwhelming. Be careful to avoid messy meat, as it could get
on a flow or laptop. Roast beef, turkey, salami, ham, and grilled chicken have worked
best depending on the round (tailor the meat to the
2NR strat). For vegetarians, boca burgers and falafel are solid choices. Vegetables are
also a crucial component to the ideal sandwich. A prepared 1N should have a veggie
toolbox that is both flexible and complementary. Lettuce (romaine and iceberg),
tomatoes, cucumbers, pickles, onions and peppers (as many varieties as possible) are a
must. 1Ns should also be prepared for the whims of their partner, so crunchy noodles,
relish, zucchini, bean sprouts, beets, and olives (black AND green) are all advanced
options. Many 1Ns overestimate the importance of cheese. While it is a key centerpiece,
it is often overwhelmed on the palate by other things on the sandwich. Some general
tips: avoid American or Velveeta, and cater the cheese choice to the meat. Know key
combos like roast beef and provolone, ham and swiss, and others to save time instead of
contemplating the proper cheese during your 1NR. If you learn nothing else from this
introduction to sandwich-making, the choice of condiments can make or break
whether or not the judge votes neg. First and foremost is the use of mayonnaise;
never forget to bring it, but dont put on too much unless you want your 2N to drop the
permutation. And studies have shown that the quality of the line-by-line is
directly proportional to the type of mayonnaise on the sandwich, so dont go
with the light. Brands are also key; whenever possible avoid generic brands and get
something like Heilmans. Additionally, make sure you stay up to date on the mustard
harvest, and purchase updates as necessary. Know the differences between deli, Dijon,
honey Dijon, etc. A prepared 1N will also have non-traditional condiments, such as olive
oil, vinegar, raspberry vinaigrette, etc. That should be a good primer for all the 1Ns out
there. Many of the top 1Ns in history have carried extra tubs and professional-quality
equipment in an often successful effort to be the best possible 1N. Feel free to ask
further questions, as this has really only scratched the surface of sandwich making

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Freedom Net Benefit


Sandwiches are key to freedom
Caminer, 2010-- Debater at Northside College Prep, the go-to expert for 1N sandwich
making. (Mitchell, 8/24/,10- Why are sandwiches key to freedom?
http://www.formspring.me/northsidedebate)
Sandwiches are the literal and symbolic anchors of freedom and democracy, both home
and abroad. They represent all that is good in the present, and all that is potential in the
future. In their versatility to be both a simple snack or a luxurious meal, sandwiches are
an attainable right that everyone has a right to. Policymakers should use a decision-rule
calculus based on what policy results in the most sandwiches, since even one denial of a
sandwich is a slippery slope that risks removal of all rights.
Violation of freedom negates the value of human existence and represents the
greatest threat to human survival
Rand 89 (Ayn Rand, Philosopher, July 1989, The Virtue of Selfishness: A New
Concept of Egoism, p. 145)
A society that robs and individual of the product of his effort, or enslaves him, or
attempts to limit the freedom of his mind, or compels him to act against his own rational
judgment, a society that sets up a conflict between its ethics and the requirements of
mans nature is not, strictly speaking, a society, but a mob held together by
institutionalized gang-rule. Such a society destroys all values of human coexistence, has
no possible justification, and represents, not a source of benefits, but the deadliest threat
to mans survival. Life on desert island is safer than and incomparably preferable than
existence in Soviet Russia or Nazi Germany.
Violations of freedom and justice must be evaluated before every other impact
Petro 74. -- Sylvester Petro, Prof of Law @ Wake Forest U, University of Toledo Law
Review, pg. 4801)
However, one may still insist, echoing Ernest Hemingway - "I believe in only one thing:
liberty." And it is always well to bear in mind David Hume's observation: " It is seldom
that liberty of any kind is lost all at once." Thus, it is unacceptable to say that the
invasion of one aspect of freedom is of no import because there have been invasions of
so many other aspects. That road leads to chaos, tyranny, despotism, and the end of all
human aspiration . Ask
Solzhenitsyn. Ask Milovan Djilas. In sum, if one believes in freedom as a supreme value
and the Proper ordering; principle for any society aiming to maximize spiritual and
material welfare, then every invasion of freedom must be emphatically identified and
resisted with undying spirit.
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U.S. Russia War Net Benefit


Sandwich-making in debates is modeled at the government level; key to solve
USRussian relations
Luu, 10debater at Northside College Prep (Norman, 8/30/10, U.S. Foreign Policy,
Debates, and Sandwiches: More Similar Than You Thought)
Not only are sandwiches liberating and scrumptious, but they also provide a way to
fashion new views on foreign policy. Tensions between the United States and Russia are
at a fairly high level in the status quo, as the new START has not been ratified, as well as
a part on the Obama administration for not pushing towards more communications
between the two superpowers. However, the biggest stumbling block to relations is the
lack of sandwich exchange on both sides. Sandwiches provide a useful way to repair
damaged relations because leaders of countries world-wide, whatever the circumstances,
would always accept the tasty snack. But, the provision of sandwiches on the opposite
party is not enough; people within the governments of Russia and the United States must
provide sandwiches to their leader as well. This method of saving relations is not just
limited to the governmental level. Individuals who participate in public spheres or
argumentation, especially that of policy debate, replicate the same kind of tensions
between the two countries. Therefore, through the provision of sandwiches, between
teammates in particular, is the best way to show to the government that sandwiches are
the best option when dealing with U.S.-Russian relations. However, be forewarned; much
like it would be illogical for Obama to hand out sandwiches to the citizens, it would be
illogical for the stronger player on a team to provide sandwiches for the weakling. Teams
with both members playing a crucial part in keeping the debate alive should not include
the sandwich-exchange process; however, when one player is carrying the burden of the
debate on his shoulders (and with the other teammate tagging along for the ride), the
weaker player should give the team leader the tasty sandwich snack.

2. Extinction
Caldicott 2002 (Helen- Founder of Physicians for Social Responsibility, The new nuclear
danger, p. 7-12)
If launched from Russia, nuclear weapons would explode over American cities thirty
minutes after takeoff. (China's twenty missiles are liquidfueled, not solid-fueled. They
take many hours to fuel and could not be used in a surprise attack, but they would
produce similar damage if launched. Other nuclear-armed nations, such as India and
Pakistan, do not have the missile technology to attack the U.S.) It is assumed that most
cities with a population over 100,000 people are targeted by Russia. During these thirty
minutes, the U.S. early-warning infrared satellite detectors signal the attack to the
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strategic air command in Colorado. They in turn notify the president, who has
approximately three minutes to decide whether or not to launch a counterattack. In the
counterforce scenario the US. government currently embraces, he does [the U.S.]
launch[es], the missiles pass mid-space, and the whole operation is over within one hour.
Landing at 20 times the speed of sound, nuclear weapons explode over cities, with heat
equal to that inside the center of the sun. There is practically no warning, except
the emergency broadcast system on radio or TV, which gives the public only
minutes to reach the nearest fallout shelter, assuming there is one. There is no time to
collect children or immediate family members. The bomb, or bombs-because most
major cities will be hit with more than one explosion-will gouge out craters 200 feet deep
and 1000 feet in diameter if they explode at ground level. Most, however, are
programmed to produce an air burst, which increases the diameter of destruction, but
creates a shallower crater. Half a mile from the epicenter all buildings will be destroyed,
and at 1.7 miles only reinforced concrete buildings will remain. At 2.7 miles bare
skeletons of buildings still stand, single-family residences have disappeared, 50 percent
are dead and 40 percent severely injured.' Bricks and mortar are converted to missiles
traveling at hundreds of miles an hour. Bodies have been sucked out of buildings and
converted to missiles themselves, flying through the air at loo miles per hour. Severe
overpressures (pressure many times greater than normal atmospheric have popcorned
windows, producing millions of shards of flying glass, causing decapitations and shocking
lacerations. Overpressures have also entered the nose, mouth, and ears, inducing
rupture of lungs and rupture of the tympanic membranes or eardrums. Most people will
suffer severe burns. In Hiroshima, which was devastated by a very small bomb-13
kilotons compared to the current iooo kilotons-a child actually disappeared,
vaporized, leaving his shadow on the concrete pavement behind him. A mother was
running, holding her baby, and both she and the baby were converted to a charcoal
statue. The heat will be so intense that dry objects-furniture, clothes, and dry wood-will
spontaneously ignite. Humans will become walking, flaming torches. Forty or fifty miles
from the explosion people will instantly be blinded from retinal burns if they glance at the
flash. Huge firestorms will engulf thousands of square miles, fanned by winds from the
explosion that transiently exceed 1000 miles per hour. People in fallout shelters will be
asphyxiated as fire sucks oxygen from the shelters. (This happened in Hamburg after the
Allied bombing in WWII when temperatures within the shelters, caused by conventional
bombs, reached 1472 degrees Fahrenheit.)" Most of the city and its people will be
converted to radioactive dust shot up in the mushroom cloud. The area of lethal fallout
from this cloud will depend upon the prevailing wind and weather conditions; it could
cover thousands of square miles. Doses of 5000 rads (a rad is a measure of radiation
dose) or more experienced by people close to the explosion-if they are still aliv-will
produce acute encephalopathic syndrome. The cells of the brain will become so
damaged that they would swell. Because the brain is enclosed in a fixed bony space,
there is no room for swelling, so the pressure inside the skull rises, inducing symptoms of
excitability, acute nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, severe headache, and seizures, followed
by coma and death within twenty-four hours. A lower dose of 1000 rads causes death
from gastrointestinal symptoms. The lining cells of the gut die, as do the cells in the bone
marrow that fight infection and that cause blood clotting. Mouth ulcers, loss of appetite,
severe colicky abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea occur within
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seven to fourteen days. Death follows severe fluid loss, infection, hemorrhage, and
starvation. At 450 rads, 50 percent of the population dies. Hair drops out, vomiting and
bloody diarrhea occurs, accompanied by bleeding under the skin and from the gums.
Death occurs from internal hemorrhage, generalized septicemia, and infection. Severe
trauma and injuries exacerbate the fallout symptoms, so patients die more readily from
lower doses of radiation. Infants, children, and old people are more sensitive to radiation
than healthy adults. Within bombed areas, fatalities will occur from a combination of
trauma, burns, radiation sickness, and starvation. There will be virtually no medical care,
even for the relief of pain, because most physicians work within The United States owns
103 nuclear power plants, plus many other dangerous radioactive facilities related to
past activities of the cold war. A 1000- kiloton bomb (1 megaton) landing on a standard
iooo megawatt reactor and its cooling pools, which contain intensely radioactive spent
nuclear fuel, would permanently contaminate an .' area the size of western Germany3
The International Atomic Energy Agency now considers these facilities to be attractive
terrorist targets, ' postSeptember 11,2001. Millions of decaying bodies-human and
animal alike-will rot, infected with viruses and bacteria that will mutate in the
radioactiveenvironment to become more lethal. Trillions of insects, naturally ' resistant to
radiation-flies, fleas, cockroaches, and lice--will transmit disease from the dead to the
living, to people whoseimmune mechanisms have been severely compromised by the
high levels of background radiation. Rodents will multiply by the millions among the
corpses and shattered sewerage systems. Epidemics of diseases now controlled by
immunization and good hygiene will reappear: such as measles, polio, typhoid, cholera,
whooping cough, diphtheria, smallpox, plague,tuberculosis, meningitis, malaria, and
hepatitis. Anyone who makes it to a fallout shelter and is not asphyxiated in it, will need
to stay there for at least six months until the radiation decayssufficiently so outside
survival is possible. It has been postulated that perhaps older people should be sent
outside to scavenge for food because they will not live long enough to develop
malignancies from the fallout (cancer and leukemia have long incubation periods ranging
from five to sixty But any food that manages to grow will be toxic because
plantsconcentrate radioactive elements.*/ Finally, we must examine the systemic global
effects of a nuclear . , war. Firestorms will consume oil wells, chemical facilities, cities,
and forests, coveringthe earth with a blanket of thick, black, radioactive , I I ' smoke,
reducing sunlight to 17 percent of normal. One year or more ' ) , will be required for light
and temperature to return to normalper-"r haps supranormal values, as sunlight would
return to more than its , , usual intensity, enhanced in the ultraviolet spectrum by
depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. Subfreezingtemperatures could destroy the
biological support system for civilization, resulting in massive starvation, thirst, and
hypothermia.5 To quote a 1985 SCOPE documentpublished by the White House Office of
Science and Technology Policy, "the total loss of human agricultural and societal support
systems would result in the loss of almost all humans on Earth, essentially equally
among combatant and noncombatant countries alike . . . this vulnerability is an aspect
not currentlya part of the understanding of nuclear war; not only are the major
combatant countries in danger, but virtually the entire human population is being held
hostage to the large-scale use of nuclear weapons. . . .",! i The proposedSTART I11 treaty
between Russia and America, even if it were implemented, would still allow 3000 to 5000
hydrogen bombs to be maintained on alert."he threshold for nuclear winter? One
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thousand loo-kiloton bombsblowing up loo cities7-a I c distinct possibility given current


capabilities and targeting plans. On January 25,1995, military technicians at radar
stations in northern Russia detected signals from an American missile that hadjust been
launched off the coast of Norway carrying a US. scientific probe. Although the Russians
had been previously notified of this launch, the alert had been forgotten or ignored.
Aware that US. submarines could launcha missile containing eight deadly hydrogen
bombs fifteen minutes from
Moscow, Russian officials assumed that America had initiated a nuclear war. For the first
time in history, the Russian computer containing nuclearlaunch codes was opened.
President Boris Yeltsin, sitting at that computer being advised on how to launch a nuclear
war by his military officers, had only a threeminute interval to make a decision. At the
last moment, the US.missile veered off course. He realized that Russia was not under
attack.' If Russia had launched its missiles, the US. early-warning satellites would
immediately have detected them, and radioed back to Cheyenne Mountain. This would
have led to the notification of the president, who also would have had three minutes to
make his launch decision, and America's missiles would then have been fired from their
silos. We were thus within minutes of global annihilation that day. ,' Today, Russia's earlywarning and nuclear command systems are deteriorating. Russia's early-warning system
fails to operate up to seven hours a day because only one-third of its radars are
functional, and two of the nine global geographical areas covered by its missilewarning
satellites are not under surveillance for missile detection.9 TO make matters worse, the
equipment controlling nuclear weapons malfunctions frequently, and critical electronic
devices and computers sometimes switch to combat mode for no apparent reason.
According to the CIA, seven times during the fall of 1996 operations at some Russian
nuclear weapons facilities were severely disrupted when robbers tried to "mine" critical
communications cables for their copper!'" This vulnerable Russian system could easily be
stressed by an internal or international political crisis, when the danger of accidental or
indeed intentional nuclear war would become very real. And the U.S. itself is not
invulnerable to error. In August 1999, for example, when the National Imagery and
Mapping Agency was installing a new computer system to deal with potential Y2K
problems, this operation triggered a computer malfunction which rendered the agency
"blind" for days; it took more than eight months for the defect to be fully repaired. As the
New York Times reported, part of America's nuclear earlywarning system was rendered
incompetent for almost a year." (At that time I was sitting at a meeting in the west wing
of the White House discussing potentially dangerous Y2K nuclear weapons glitches.
Several Pentagon officials blithely reassured me that everything would function normally
during the roll-over. But in fact, their intelligence system had already been disabled.)
Such a situation has the potential for catastrophe. If America cannot observe what the
Russians are doing with their nuclear weapons-or vice versa-especially during a serious
international crisis they are likely to err on the side of "caution," which could mean that
something as benign as the launch of a weather satellite could actually trigger
annihilation of the planet.This situation became even more significant after the
September 11 attack.

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A/T 1NR Important/No voter


And, the 1NR is a worthless speech; 1Ns only role in the debate is to provide
nourishment for the 2N debater. Sandwiches are a voting issue.
Nelson, 10Debater at Dowling Catholic High School, 9 people liked his comment on
facebook. (Joe, 8/22/10, i didnt drop the perm, it was illusory
http://www.facebook.com/#!/tomenator?
v=wall&story_fbid=141690385869268&ref=notif& notif_t=like)
There comes a point in every debate where a certain speaker (the 1N) gives a speech
that does not matter. The 2N may play it up to be an important speech to fool the
opposing team; however, they never actually metaphorically go for what was literally in
the 1NR. The 2N also becomes very hungry from carrying the entire negative ship on
their back. Therefore, simple logic exploits that the 1N, instead of speaking about
reverse-ASPEC bad, should take the time to prepare a high quality sandwich for the 2NR.
This sandwich, similar to the negative strategy, should not be the same every round. It
should reflect the qualities of the debate. For example, when the 2N takes the beef DA, it
is appropriate that the 1NR pile on the beef. Or when the debate is getting down to nittygritty topicality and theory, the 1N may consider taking the crust off the sandwich.
Condiments also are key assets to any 1NR sandwich. For example, if the other team is
handily beating the 2N (say at Kelly in the 7-0 round), the 1NR may include mayonnaise
as a white flag to the dominant team. If the 2N has the other team clobbered (hitting
Westminster TA), the 1NR will consider adding excess ketchup, symbolizing the
bloodshed that is taking place. What is key in every 1NR sandwich, indefinitely, is that it
is tailored to the 2N's taste and always original. For a full history on 1NR sandwiches or
insight as to how it may become a 1AR voting issue if the 1NR fails to present a
sandwich for the 2N, contact Mitchell Caminer. He definitely knows the in's and out's
of 1NR sandwiches bunto-bun.

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A/T Make a sandwich during 1AR


The damage has been done; the 2N needs to prep with a sandwich. The 1AR is
not
1NR prep time.
Marks, 10never backs down, debater at Ft. Lauderdale High School. (Zack, /24/10Why is it too late if the 1N makes the sandwich during or after the 1AR?
http://www.formspring.me/northsidedebate)
The 2N has to be ready to go for anything the 1AR covers shittily; and the 1AR is not
1NR prep, it is key to have the 2NR prepping and eating a sandwich at the same time.
This can not happen if he/she is also flowing, that's the key internal link to not sucking in
the debate round. That is why the so called 1NR is actually just prep that the 1N must
make the sandwich so that 2N can prep and eat a sandwich.

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A/T Aff Needs to Make a Sandwich


Too
1. This argument is almost as ridiculous as the lack of a 2N sandwich. Extend the E
subpoint from the shell; being negative is key. Its the 1ns burden.
1ars are important to aff debate 2ars need to extend things from them.
1nrs have literally no worth.

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A/T 2N beating up the 1N during the


2NR
Sign your ballot nowthanks for the show, but all the neg will get out of this is
more hatred, another black eye, and less sandwiches in the future. This
exacerbates our impact claims and also means you immediately vote aff.
Luu, 10debater at Northside College Prep (Norman, 8/30/10, U.S. Foreign Policy,
Debates, and Sandwiches: More Similar Than You Thought)
We all love fights once in a while, but only if the people fighting have morphers and
megazords. Conflict between teammates is heartbreaking. A partnership, one even
closer in the activity of debate, should never be split apart because of a simple lack of
sandwich giving. Much like the relationship between citizens of
America and President Obama, the weaker member of the team should show some love;
provide some nourishment to the exhausted team leader. If a fight does break out,
especially between teammates and during a debate round, the judge should
automatically vote against the violent team. Violence has never been the answer; it has
only lead to more deaths throughout history. By signing the ballot against the team that
is violent, he/she affirms the two true facts of life: (1) Violence is never the answer. And.
(2) Sandwiches are always well-deserved for the hardworking.

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A/T Put it on the tab (Ill get a lot of sandwiches later)


1. Doesnt solvea. Freedom: Look to the Caminer evidence, he says that every human has a right to a
sandwich. The damage has been done, literallyand not punishing them for it means
pushes us down a slippery slope where nobody has freedom.
b. Teams who claim that sandwiches will be provided in the future always lie. Other issues
things can be put off; but sandwiches are the most pressing issue in the debate.
c. Our Caminer evidence from the 1AR indicates that sandwiches (and condiments,
specifically) are directly proportional to the line-byline on the flow. Prefer this evidence
because he cites studies done,
which is much more predictable than their claims

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A/T 2N didnt ask


2. Concede this argument. There are two impacts.
a. They dont want the winsandwiches are the only thing that has any importance in the
debate round, cross-apply the Caminer evidence.
b. The 2N isnt taking leadershipits important to keep the 1N in line for future rounds. Not
voting on this argument ensures lack of sandwiches in the future.

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A/T 2N asked but didnt get anything

3. Still vote them down for 1N laziness- they only have one job during negative rounds,
thats to make a single sandwich for the 2NR; vote them down if they are too
unintelligent to understand.
4. 2N should have pushed them harder: that analysis was in the 1ar, I shouldnt have to
explain it again.

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A/T Trieu, 2010/Beat up the 1N


Counterplan doesn't solve and Tom Trieu is creepier than a piranha applying
mascara on a pogo stick. This card is the fire on the bees knees.
Caminer, 10-- Debater at Northside College Prep, the go-to expert for 1N sandwich
making. (Mitchell, 8/30/10- Girls, Guns, and (Selena) Gomez: A Summer at MNDI Plus
Plus Plus)
Some authors (see Trieu, 2010) have proposed eliminating the voting issue attached to
1Ns Burden Theory and instead causing physical harm to the 1N. While it would be
appropriate to cause bodily harm to an incompetent 1N, in no way would it be enough.
As a result of their nerdiness, unintelligence, and poor fashion taste, 1Ns are often beat
up, abused, and harassed at school on a daily basis. Therefore, further physical injury
would not affect a 1N; instead, it is necessary to destroy any sort of confidence that 1Ns
have stored up as a result in their participation in debate.
Voting the 1N down would serve as a reminder that they cannot help their
smarter, better partner, but that their only responsibility is to make their
partner a sandwich. However, there is nothing wrong with causing bodily harm in
addition to voting the negative team down.
Alternatively, one could vote the negative team down and beat up the 1N in all other
instances.
Alternatively, one could vote the negative team down and consult with the judge on
other issues regarding the 1N.
Alternatively one could vote the negative team down and consult over the timeframe
of how long of a beating is necessary.
Alternatively, one could beat up the 1N in a world where the judge votes affirmative
and just simply vote down the negative in a world where the judge doesnt vote
affirmative.
Furthermore, the author of the article has a questionable academic and personal history.
Mr. Trieu has reportedly been found trespassing on Selena Gomezs property.
He claims he was invited, but witness reports have confirmed that Mr. Trieu was not only
uninvited, but proceeded to take his clothes off for Ms.
Gomez, while singing I love you Selena, you belong with me. Academically, Mr.
Trieu has defended false, immoral positions, at one time advocating the annihilation of all
White males dating Asian females. One also has to question his qualifications to speak on
1N discipline, since his debate partner, the infamous Mitchell Caminer, has not only
dropped the 1Ns burden, but has been found clipping cards, tags, roadmaps, RFDs,
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cross-examination questions, expando indexes, novice lectures, judging


philosophies, and speaker awards. If Mr. Trieu could assert so strongly that causing
physical harm to the 1N is so necessary, perhaps it should have been more effective on
his lazy and unethical partner
(full disclosure: I am Tom Trieus debate partner).

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Timecube Kritik
The State uses oppression to brainwash us into applying beneficent feelings to
obedience and thus promotes its singularist regime.
Gene Ray, Dr Gene Ray is the self proclaimed smartest man on earth and has a selfappointed doctorate in cubism, www.cubicao.com, The State, 2010:
The state can exert control by a simple forceful oppression technique. Maybe
itd use technology as a means for this. But the people, as victims of the oppression, are
likely to resent it, and might even be spurned to revolt. This creates a problem. So, the
second strategy that the state can use is to control the people by means of
Word. This strategy makes sense: the WordVirus, at its basic level, consists of pure
Word. So, shackles and whips are obsolete. By penetrating the mind of each
population member, and by programming them in certain way, random
mutations are discouraged, and obedience is entrenched. The forceful
oppression is partially relaxed. The people gain a sense of freedom. They
experience beneficent emotions. They are then taught to associate those
happy feelings with a morality that supports the state. Thus they feel
compelled to embrace said morality.
The Aff use of the Government fails to acknowledge and rejects the legitimacy
of the philosophy of Dr. Gene Ray and must be rejected.
Gene Ray, Dr Gene Ray is the self proclaimed smartest man on earth and has a selfappointed doctorate in cubism, www.timecube.com, 2010:
Evil academia blocks out Time Cube site and suppresses its discussion and
debate. You are an educated singularity idiot who can stupidly deny Nature's
Harmonic 4 simultaneous 24 hour days within a single rotation of Earth, or
even make parody of the Cubic Creation Principle - but your mental ability to
comprehend the greatest social and scientific discovery of all human
existence has been lobotomized by the evil academic singularity bastards hired
to destroy
your ability to think opposite. You cannot comprehend Opposite
Creation. Religous/academic taught singularity is the reduction of the human mind to
android.
Ignorance of the Time Cube lobotomizes your mind, leading to cycloptic
singular perspective. This creates a cubeless, android mentality.
Gene Ray, Dr Gene Ray is the Dr Gene Ray is the self proclaimed smartest man on earth
and has a self-appointed doctorate in cubism, www.timecube.com, 2010:
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If ignorant of the almighty. Time Cube Creation Truth, you deserve to be killed.
Killing you is not immoral but justified to save life on Earth for future generations.
Academic taught singularity within a universe of opposites, has lobotomized
your mind. You are Enslaved by Word - no whip or shackle required. You do not
have the freedom to discuss/debate Time Cube. Academia destroys your mind
by suppressing opposite view. Academic Singularity is evil. Singularity is damnable
lie, Educators altered your mind, You cannot think opposite of what you were
taught to think. You have a cycloptic perspective and taught android mentality
which lobotomizes analytical ability.
This Cubeless, android mentality empowers the state. Timecube rejection is
the root of all evil and results in technological expansion, diminished stability,
and mass death and destruction. This seals our apocalyptic fate.
Gene Ray, Dr Gene Ray is the Dr Gene Ray is the self proclaimed smartest man on earth
and has a self-appointed doctorate in cubism, www.cubicao.com, The State,
2010:
And now Cubelessness, that deadly scourge, that causes evil deeds to be
committed. We must fight this scourge, attack its heart, the source of its great
power. Whence its power? The technology's the root cause of the problem. It's a
physical expression of the Word-based tyranny. And that technology is a great
threat, it threatens us with death and war and famine accross the world. The
Cubeless Doom is nigh. Attend!or you will surely die. Selfishness is now increasing.
Values of communities decline. Values the State requires are ones that make
people think that they should serve the State. Servitude to Word is what that's all
Abundance in the worker pool could grant the State advantage in the short-term. In the
long-term, though, stability would suffer and decay. Great levels of destruction
could result from overpopulation. Techniques by which artificial life-extension
is achieved are likely to contribute to growth of overpopulation. Large wars
could kill off large numbers, and thereby reduce the population: but the atoms
that are radioactive and as such decay, resemble excesses that could well cause a
massive chain reaction. ...Fearful, that about. Natural resources, are plundered by
the State. The state afterwards generates great quantities of pollution and
waste. Disposed back into nature, harm is the direct and bad result. You can
direct your 1-corner perspective towards the advancement of the village; that is to say,
towards altruistic ideals. In that case, it would be subjugated to the Cube. Or, you could
direct it towards unwholesome self-aggrandisement, in which case it'd be a singularity
that you'd be falsely rendering supreme. It's an important choice. It's the sort of
thing that can become the entire difference between Cubeless doom and Cubic
salvation.

The Alt is to reject singularist mentality of the state and accept the
philosophical principles proposed by Dr. Gene Ray, including Timecube theory.
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Voting neg is literally the difference between extinction and salvation. Gene
Ray, Dr Gene Ray is the Dr Gene Ray is the self proclaimed smartest man on earth and
has a self-appointed doctorate in cubism, www.cubicao.com, Cubic
Salvation, 2010:
Continued evolution is a continuing trend. Once the earth is destroyed, however, all
evolution thereon will be nullified. We can create a trend of evolution, ourselves.
But we shouldn't violate the Cubic harmony of nature, if indeed we want for
Nature to survive. here is another option. Let's not arrest evolution.
Let's change our course from evil to good.
Indeed, we have the choice between doom and salvation! Eternal recurrence is
induced by time foldback. Eternal recurrence is a cyclicality. Past iterations mapped onto
the present indicate what the cycles will in future bring. So, there is a future-prediction
capacity. From this augury we'll formulate strategies.
We'll aim straight for Cubic salvation. But we shouldn't force people to concur.
It's their choice. It's our choice, too. There is a dichotomy lying ahead:
The evil possibility. The possibility of our extinction.
The good possibility. Cubic harmony. Perpetuation and evolution far into the
future.
And there will be some people inclined only towards evil. But there will be
those who desire good! The latter are the ones who will build the future.
They'll be receptive to the Cube. We're on one corner of the wheel of time. Future
corners are clouded up. The past assumes a similar haze. There is uncertainty, but let
there be strength in numbers! We can't do it alone, can we now? We must spread
the word, and raise awareness, until the population embraces the Cube. Then,
only then, will requisite momentum have arisen for pro-Cubic revolutions to
occur. We should not just attack the dragon's scales. We should attack it at the heart. If
we kill the heart of civilisation, its leaves will wither, and we'll be free. And
we're not just reverting from evil to good. We're creating a higher good. That
higher good will be immune to our evils. Its strength will transcend gods. There will
be much destruction, but it will not be hateful. It will clear ground for greater things
creation, from contempt. The minds of slaves are dumb, but we can overcome.

Theory:
Voting Neg has real world results
Standards:
Awareness: if you vote neg, then awareness is spread of Cubism and literally
brings solvency to the alt
Action: we discuss hypothetical extremities all the time in debate, but voting
neg results in an actual change in the real world
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Education: discussion of Cubism actually helps us rid ourselves of singularity,


so we have real world impacts. Even if you dont accept Cubism, you have been
exposed and can spread the word.

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Mao Kritik
People who rely solely on book knowledge without investigating anything
never actually end up changing anything.
Mao Tse-tung [Chairman of the Communist party of China 19431974, Revolutionary],
May 1930, OPPOSE BOOK WORSHIP,
http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/selected-works/volume6/mswv6_11.htm //Skills
III. OPPOSE BOOK WORSHIP
Whatever is written in a book is right such is still the mentality of culturally
backward Chinese peasants. Strangely enough, within the Communist Party
there are also people who always say in a discussion, "Show me where it's
written in the book." When we say that a directive of a higher organ of
leadership is correct, that is not just because it comes from "a higher organ of
leadership" but because its contents conform with both the objective and
subjective circumstances of the struggle and meet its requirements. It is quite
wrong to take a formalistic attitude and blindly carry out directives without
discussing and examining them in the light of actual conditions simply because
they come from a higher organ. It is the mischief done by this formalism which
explains why the line and tactics of the Party do not take deeper root among the masses.
To carry out a directive of a higher organ blindly, and seemingly without any
disagreement, is not really to carry it out but is the most artful way of
opposing or sabotaging it.
The method of studying the social sciences exclusively from the book is likewise
extremely dangerous and may even lead one onto the road of counter-revolution. Clear
proof of this is provided by the fact that whole batches of Chinese
Communists who confined themselves to books in their study of the social sciences have
turned into counter-revolutionaries. When we say Marxism is correct, it is certainly not
because Marx was a "prophet" but because his theory has been proved correct in our
practice and in our struggle. We need Marxism in our struggle. In our acceptance of his
theory no such formalisation of mystical notion as that of "prophecy" ever enters our
minds. Many who have read Marxist books have become renegades from the revolution,
whereas illiterate workers often grasp Marxism very well. Of course we should study
Marxist books, but this study must be integrated with our country's actual conditions. We
need books, but we must overcome book worship, which is divorced from the
actual situation. How can we overcome book worship? The only way is to
investigate the actual situation.

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Without probing into the problem you talk nonsense, meaning that your
right to speak should be revoked. Only by truly investigating things can we
change anything.
Mao Tse-tung [Chairman of the Communist party of China 19431974, Revolutionary],
May 1930, OPPOSE BOOK WORSHIP,
http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/selected-works/volume6/mswv6_11.htm //Skills
I. NO INVESTIGATION, NO RIGHT TO SPEAK
Unless you have investigated a problem, you will be deprived of the right to
speak on it. Isn't that too harsh? Not in the least. When you have not probed into a
problem, into the present facts and its past history, and know nothing of its
essentials, whatever you say about it will undoubtedly be nonsense. Talking
nonsense solves no problems, as everyone knows, so why is it unjust to
deprive you of the right to speak? Quite a few comrades always keep their eyes shut
and talk nonsense, and for a Communist that is disgraceful. How can a Communist keep
his eyes shut and talk nonsense?
It won' t do!
It won't do!
You must investigate!
You must not talk nonsense!
II. TO INVESTIGATE A PROBLEM IS TO SOLVE IT
You can' t solve a problem? Well, get down and investigate the present facts
and its past history! When you have investigated the problem thoroughly, you
will know how to solve it. Conclusions invariably come after investigation, and
not before. Only a blockhead cudgels his brains on his own, or together with a
group, to "find solution" or "evolve an idea" without making any investigation.
It must be stressed that this cannot possibly lead to any effective solution or any good
idea. In other words, he is bound to arrive at a wrong solution and a wrong
idea. There are not a few comrades doing inspection work, as well as guerrilla leaders
and cadres newly in office, who like to make political pronouncements the moment they
arrive at a place and who strut about, criticizing this and condemning that when they
have only seen the surface of things or minor details. Such purely subjective
nonsensical talk is indeed detestable. These people are bound to make a mess
of things, lose the confidence of the masses and prove incapable of solving any
problem at all.
When they come across difficult problems, quite a number of people in leading positions
simply heave a sigh without being able to solve them. They lose patience and ask to be
transferred on the ground that they "have not the ability and cannot do the job"; These
are cowards' words. Just get moving on your two legs, go the rounds of every
section placed under your charge and "inquire into everything''[1] as Confucius
did, and then you will be able to solve the problems, however little is your
ability; for although your head may be empty before you go out of doors, it will
be empty no longer when you return but will contain all sorts of material
necessary for the solution of the problems, and that is how problems are
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solved. Must you go out of doors? Not necessarily. You can call a fact-finding meeting of
people familiar with the situation in order to get at the source of what you call a difficult
problem and come to know how it stands now, and then it will be easy to solve your
difficult problem. Investigation may be likened to the long months of pregnancy, and
solving a problem to the day of birth. To investigate a problem is, indeed, to solve it.

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Nobody Gives a Shit


AThe AFF is boring as shit, like seriously run a unique argument, we have
heard their aff like a million times and heard about nuke war and extinction
even more, we literally almost fell asleep during that round and polls prove
nobody believes this shit.
The Onion '98, Newspaper/News Site, October 7 1998 (Poll: 73 Percent of Americans
can't believe this shit) http://www.theonion.com/articles/poll-73-percent-ofamericans-unable-to-believe-thi,1537/
According to the latest Gallup Poll, conducted Monday and Tuesday of this week, nearly
three out of four Americans can no longer believe this shit. In addition to the
73 percent of poll respondents who described this shit as "beyond belief," 9
percent said they could "hardly" believe this shit, with another 5 percent "just
barely" believing it. An additional 13 percent said they "couldn't give a flying
fuck about the whole goddamn thing."The poll also found that the National
Shit-Credulity Index (NSCI) has hit an all-time low, with only 2 percent of
Americans describing themselves as "fully confident of [their] capacity to
believe this shit." "The American people have had to deal with this kind of shit
for years," Gallup Organization president Lee Sanderson said, "but now, for the first
time, it appears that the vast majority of them just can't fucking believe it
anymore." "In all honesty, who can blame them?" Sanderson added. "Regardless of
one's political affiliation, socioeconomic status, religion or just about any other
viewpoint, you've got to admit, the shit that's been going on lately is way out of
hand." In the wake of the poll, many activists are calling upon America's leaders to get
their shit in gear. "The American people have had it up to here with this
shitheap," said James Schuerholz, president of the D.C.-based Heritage Foundation.
"There is a public mandate for our leaders to cut this shit out, and it's high time they
finally did." Despite Americans' incredulity over this shit, historians note that this sort of
shit has been going on for years and is unlikely to end anytime soon. "Contrary to
popular belief, this type of shit is hardly anything new," Harvard University American
history professor Lawrence Coombs said. "The same shit was going down 50, 100 and
150 years ago. The only difference was, back then, you never read about that
shit in the newspapers." Calling the American people's enormous shit-belief capacity
"one of the cornerstones of our democracy," U.S. Sen. John Kerry (D-MA) stressed that it
is the patriotic duty of all citizens to grant our leaders the benefit of the doubt with
regard to their shit. "If the American people are no longer willing to believe this shit, who
will?" Kerry said. "Somebody's got to take this shit at face value. Otherwise, why are we
even doing all this shit in the first place? I am truly saddened by the lack of faith that the
citizens of this country are willing to put in my shit, as well as that of my esteemed
colleagues. We must repair our society's fraying trust in the shit of our elected officials,
or you would not believe the kind of hardcore, heavy-duty shit that will come down."
"America," conservative author and social critic Patricia Stouffer said, "is seriously losing
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its shit. But we've got to somehow hold our shit in place until all this passes. We've got to
learn to believe in shit again. After this latest shitstorm, it may take years to accomplish,
but we must somehow find the strength to put our trust back into the nation's shit."
Despite such impassioned calls for faith in the U.S. political system and all the shit that
comes with it, if the Gallup Poll is any indication, the majority of Americans are no longer
willing to put up with the shit. "Fuck that shit," said Evansville, IN, day-care provider
Helen Reiderer. "I'm tired of hearing about it. Do they actually expect us to still believe
that load of shit?" "If you ask me, the shit is about to hit the fan," said Reiderer's
husband Frank. "As far as I'm concerned, all that shit is just too much to be believed."
Another disgruntled citizen, Wenatchee, WA, tractor salesman Tom Huard, summed up
the sentiments of most Americans when, holding up the front page of the local
newspaper to friend Benjamin Pritchard, he said, "Jesus, Ben, can you believe this?"
"Shit, no," Pritchard replied.
Boredom is the root cause of all evil and always has been. This is empirically
proven.
Kierkegaard 1843( Either/Or, February 20, 1843, philopher)
People with experience maintain that proceeding from a basic principle is supposed to be
very reasonable; I yield to them and proceed from the basic principle that all people are
boring. Or is there anyone who would be boring enough to contradict me in this regard?
This basic principle has to the highest degree the repelling force always required in the
negative, which is actually the principle of motion. It is not merely repelling but infinitely
repulsive, and whoever has the basic principle behind him must necessarily have infinite
momentum for making discoveries. If, then, my thesis is true, a person needs only to
ponder how corrupting boredom is for people, tempering his reflections more
or less according to his desire to diminish or increase his impetus, and if he
wants to press the speed of the motion to the highest point, almost with
danger to the locomotive, he needs only to say to himself: Boredom is the root
of all evil. It is very curious that boredom, which itself has such a calm and sedate
nature, can have such a capacity to initiate motion. The effect that boredom brings
about is absolutely magical, but this effect is one not of attraction but of
repulsion. How corrupting boredom is, everyone recognizes also with regard to
children. As long as children are having a good time, they are always good. This
can be said in the strictest sense, for if they at times become unmanageable
even while playing, it is really because they are beginning to be bored;
boredom is already coming on, but in a different way. Therefore, when selecting
a nursemaid, one always considers essentially not only that she is sober,
trustworthy, and goodnatured but also takes into esthetic consideration whether she
knows how to entertain children. Even if she had all other excellent virtues, one
would not hesitate to give her the sack if she lacked this qualification. Here, indeed,
the principle is clearly acknowledged,but things go on so curiously in the world,
habit and boredom have gained the upper hand to such a degree, that justice is done to
esthetics only in the conduct of the nursemaid. It would be quite impossible to prevail if
one wanted to demand a divorce because one's wife is boring, or demand that a king be
dethroned because he is boring to behold, or that a clergyman be exiled because he is
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boring to listen to, or that a cabinet minister be dismissed or a journalist be executed


because he is frightfully boring.
Since boredom advances and boredom is the root of all evil, no wonder, then,
that the world goes backwards, that evil spreads. This can be traced back to
the very beginning of the world. The gods were bored; therefore they created human
beings. Adam was bored because he was alone; therefore Eve was created. Since that
moment, boredom entered the world and grew in quantity in exact proportion to the
growth of population. Adam was bored alone; then Adam and Eve were bored en famille.
After that, the population of the world increased and the nations were bored en masse.
To amuse themselves, they hit upon the notion of building a tower so high that it would
reach the sky. This notion is just as boring as the tower was high and is a terrible
demonstration of how boredom had gained the upper hand. Then they were dispersed
around the world, just as people now travel abroad, but they continued to be bored. And
what consequences this boredom had: humankind stood tall and fell far, first
through Eve, then from the Babylonian tower.

EVIL IS INHERENTLY IMMORAL, PREVENTING ANY MORAL ACTION


Ronald L.Conte Jr. Roman Catholic theologian May
13,2010http://www.catechism.cc/articles/moral-object.htm
The moral species of an act is determined by the moral object. The moral object
(or simply the object) is the end, in terms of morality, toward which the chosen act is
inherently directed. This intrinsic ordering of an act toward its moral object (a good or
evil end) constitues the essential moral nature of the act. An act that is inherently
ordered toward an evil end is, by the very nature of the act, immoral. An act
that is inherently ordered toward only good in its object is good by its very
nature. But all three fonts must be good for the overall act to be moral. When
the moral object is evil, the act is called intrinsically evil. Every intrinsically evil
act is inherently directed toward an evil moral object.
Intrinsically evil acts are inherently immoral; therefore, nothing can cause an
intrinsically evil act to become moral. Such an act is, in and of itself, evil.
Intrinsically, evil acts are always immoral. In order to avoid sin, a person must choose
a different type of act, an act with a good moral object rather than an evil moral
object.The moral object is the end, in terms of morality, toward which a knowingly
chosen act is inherently directed. This intrinsic ordering of the act itself toward the moral
object constitutes the moral nature, also called the moral species, of the act. An act with
an evil moral object is intrinsically directed toward an immoral end. Any act with an evil
moral object is inherently immoral, because the act, by its very nature, is ordered toward
moral evil; it is an intrinsically disordered act. Every act with an evil moral object is
intrinsically evil, and therefore always immoral, regardless of intention or circumstances.
Nothing can cause an intrinsically evil act to become moral
because the act is evil by its very nature.

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ALT. WE MUST ACT MORALLY, EVEN IF IT MEANS OUR OWN DEATH. This means
we must reject boredom.
Watson, philosophy professor, Washington University, WORLD HUNGER AND
MORAL
OBLIGATION, 1977, pp. 118-9.
One may even have to sacrifice ones life or ones nation to be moral in
situations where practical behavior would preserve it. For example, if a prisoner of
war undergoing torture is to be a (perhaps dead) patriot even when reason tells him that
collaboration will hurt no one, he remains silent. Similarly, if one is to be moral, one
distributes available food in equal shares even if everyone dies. That an action is
necessary to save ones life is no excuse for behaving unpatriotically or immorally if one
wishes to be a patriot or moral. No principle of morality absolves one of behaving
immorally simply to save ones life or nation. There is a strict analogy here between
adhering to moral principles for the sake of being moral, and adhering to Christian
principles for the sake of being Christian. The moral world contains pits and lions,
but one looks always to the highest light. The ultimate test always harks back to
the highest principle recant or die. The ultimate test always harks back to the highest
principle recant or die and it is pathetic to profess morality if one quits when the
going gets rough.

Talking about Nuclear Weapons is boring


Stein '46
[Gertrude Stein. 1946. Reflections on the Atomic Bomb JCOOK]
They asked me what I thought of the atomic bomb. I said I had not been able to
take any interest in it. I like to read detective and mystery stories. I never get enough
of them but whenever one of them is or was about death rays and atomic bombs I never
could read them. What is the use, if they are really as destructive as all that
there is nothing left and if there is nothing there nobody to be interested and
nothing to be interested about. If they are not as destructive as all that then
they are just a little more or less destructive than other things and that means
that in spite of all destruction there are always lots left on this earth to be
interested or to be willing and the thing that destroys is just one of the things
that concerns the people inventing it or the people starting it off, but really
nobody else can do anything about it so you have to just live along like always,
so you see the atomic [bomb] is not at all interesting, not any more interesting
than any other machine, and machines are only interesting in being invented or in what
they do, so why be interested. I never could take any interest in the atomic bomb,
I just couldn't any more than in everybody's secret weapon. That it has to be
secret makes it dull and meaningless. Sure it will destroy a lot and kill a lot,
but it's the living that are interesting not the way of killing them, because if
there were not a lot left living how could there be any interest in destruction.
Alright, that is the way I feel about it. They think they are interested about the atomic
bomb but they really are not not any more than I am. Really not. They may be a little
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scared, I am not so scared, there is so much to be scared of so what is the use of


bothering to be scared, and if you are not scared the atomic bomb is not interesting.
Everybody gets so much information all day long that they lose their common
sense. They listen so much that they forget to be natural. This is a nice story.

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***Counterplans***

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***Consult Ashtar***
Text: The United States federal government should engage in genuine, prior
and binding, with Ashtar Galactic Command regarding the mandates of the
affirmative plan.
Competition
Any permutation is severs the immediacy and certainty of the plan and the
counterplan avoids the Ashtar DA net benefit.
Solvency The Ashtar command can control matter, energy, and gravity we should
consult over space exploration & development
Lord Ashtar, 2004 (August 19, 2004, Our Fleets Are In Position, Ready Yourselves
Brother Veritus,
http://www.luisprada.com/Protected/ashtar_command_mission.htm, accessed 6/27/11,
SL)
I salute you in the sacred name of I AM and in representation of the
Intergalactic Command! My name is Ashtar Sheran, I am a space Commander, and I
am in charge of the Star Ship. The Ashtar Command is a branch of the
Intergalactic Command with the specific mission of assisting this planet in
crisis. It is under the direct supervision, the loving care and the attention of
Beloved Master Sananda (known by you as Jesus); who, among other positions, is
the Supreme Commander of the Holy Alliance. The Ashtar Command is
present everywhere. In and over the Earths atmosphere, there are thousands
and thousands of space ships, of course, the majority at an invisible level. Its
function is to watch over the planet and its inhabitants, to be attentive to any
fault or danger and if we are invoked, to intervene quickly in an impersonal
manner, since our mission of Love is to help. Due to our great
scientifictechnological level, we can control matter, energy, counteract and
annul the Law of Gravity. To make our ships visible (which we do now exceptionally),
we retard the vibratory frequency and this makes possible densification. We do not live
in a physical body but in etheric level, but our bodies are the same as yours in form and
aspect, albeit finer and subtle. We are the authority that controls the space
program to be fulfilled for the Planet Earth.

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Consult Ashtar CP Solves Case


Cooperation with Ashtar is key to solving all Impacts. Cooperation solves for
the terminal impact of any solvency deficit and independently outweighs.
Vrillon of Ashtar Galactic Command, 77. Radio Transcript. Abovetopsecret.com.
http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread416209/pg1
This is the voice of Vrillon, a representative of the Ashtar Galactic Command,
speaking to you. For many years you have seen us as lights in the skies. We speak to you
now in peace and wisdom as we have done to your brothers and sisters all over this, your
planet Earth. We come to warn you of the destiny of your race and your world so
that you may communicate to your fellow beings the course you must take to
avoid the disaster which threatens your world, and the beings on our worlds
around you. This is in order that you may share in the great awakening, as the
planet passes into the New Age of Aquarius. The New Age can be a time of great
peace and evolution for your race, but only if your rulers are made aware of
the evil forces that can overshadow their judgments. Be still now and listen, for
your chance may not come again. All your weapons of evil must be removed. The
time for conflict is now past and the race of which you are a part may proceed
to the higher stages of its evolution if you show yourselves worthy to do this.
You have but a short time to learn to live together in peace and goodwill. Small
groups all over the planet are learning this, and exist to pass on the light of the dawning
New Age to you all. You are free to accept or reject their teachings, but only those who
learn to live in peace will pass to the higher realms of spiritual evolution. Hear now the
voice of Vrillon, a representative of the Ashtar Galactic Command, speaking to you. Be
aware also that there are many false prophets and guides operating in your
world. They will suck your energy from you - the energy you call money and
will put it to evil ends and give you worthless dross in return. Your inner divine
self will protect you from this. You must learn to be sensitive to the voice within
that can tell you what is truth, and what is confusion, chaos and untruth. Learn
to listen to the voice of truth which is within you and you will lead yourselves
onto the path of evolution. This is our message to our dear friends. We have watched
you growing for many years as you too have watched our lights in your skies. You know
now that we are here, and that there are more beings on and around your Earth
than your scientists admit. We are deeply concerned about you and your path
towards the light and will do all we can to help you. Have no fear, seek only to know
yourselves, and live in harmony with the ways of your planet Earth. We of the
Ashtar Galactic Command thank you for your attention. We are now leaving the plane of
your existence. May you be blessed by the supreme love and truth of the cosmos.

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Consult Ashtar CP Solves Net


Benefit
CP solves the Net Benefit -Communicate and consultation with Ashtar creates
cooperation and lightness
Vrillon of Ashtar Galactic Command, 77. Radio Transcript. Abovetopsecret.com.
http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread416209/pg1
This is the voice of Vrillon, a representative of the Ashtar Galactic Command, speaking
to you. For many years you have seen us as lights in the skies. We speak to you now in
peace and wisdom as we have done to your brothers and sisters all over this,
your planet Earth. We come to warn you of the destiny of your race and your
world so that you may communicate to your fellow beings the course you must
take to avoid the disaster which threatens your world, and the beings on our
worlds around you. This is in order that you may share in the great awakening,
as the planet passes into the New Age of Aquarius. The New Age can be a time
of great peace and evolution for your race, but only if your rulers are made aware of
the evil forces that can overshadow their judgments. Be still now and listen, for your
chance may not come again. All your weapons of evil must be removed. The time for
conflict is now past and the race of which you are a part may proceed to the higher
stages of its evolution if you show yourselves worthy to do this. You have but a short
time to learn to live together in peace and goodwill. Small groups all over the planet are
learning this, and exist to pass on the light of the dawning New Age to you all. You are
free to accept or reject their teachings, but only those who learn to live in peace will pass
to the higher realms of spiritual evolution. Hear now the voice of Vrillon, a
representative of the Ashtar Galactic Command, speaking to you. Be aware
also that there are many false prophets and guides operating in your world.
They will suck your energy from you - the energy you call money and will put it to evil
ends and give you worthless dross in return. Your inner divine self will protect you from
this. You must learn to be sensitive to the voice within that can tell you what is
truth, and what is confusion, chaos and untruth. Learn to listen to the voice of
truth which is within you and you will lead yourselves onto the path of
evolution. This is our message to our dear friends. We have watched you growing for
many years as you too have watched our lights in your skies. You know now that we are
here, and that there are more beings on and around your Earth than your scientists
admit. We are deeply concerned about you and your path towards the light and will do all
we can to help you. Have no fear, seek only to know yourselves, and live in harmony with
the ways of your planet Earth. We of the Ashtar Galactic Command thank you for your
attention. We are now leaving the plane of your existence. May you be blessed by the
supreme love and truth of the cosmos.

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1NC - Ashtar DA
A. Uniqueness We are moving towards our necessary quota of lightness
Ariana, Pleiadian Walk In and Channel and Communicator, Healer and Artist, 11
(Anakya, 5/2/2011, Channelling, Human Ascension: Earth Changes and Evacuation of
Earth Ashtar Spiritual Forum,
http://www.ashtarcommandcrew.net/profiles/blogs/instructions-foraccomplishing#ixzz1QVjan065, accessed: 6/24/11, SL)
Remember: it is due to the lack of light that we have not met the Galactic
Federation of Light. Yes, I said LIGHT. They do not resonate with darkness. They
will not return-until a certain quota of light is here. You, as lightworkers, have
been sent here for one reason, and one reason ONLY. To work with light-to focus it-to
create it-to HOLD IT ONCE CREATED-to transform...in ways you cannot begin to imagine.
Do a visualization. Imagine traveling to a foreign land-where friendly and loving people
reach out to you-and compete to have you in their home as a guest, so they can treat
you well and listen to your stories of where you are from-and exchange love. There are
no wars, there is no crime. All the world....is at peace, and in joy and laughter.
We have so long been enslaved, that we no longer can fathom true freedom.
Want to explore the Pleades and return home for awhile? Imagine no calendar-no job
to return to-no money-and only safety, health and happiness in your travels.
All is provided. We will learn and follow the Law of One. Which creates balance
and good for all. All is one. One is all. Namaste. Lightworkers....master and hold the
light....
B. Link & Impact The 1ac embraces negativity rather than lightness, makes
evacuation impossible and guarantees our extinction
Skirvin, 6/17/2011
(Revered Joshua, Best Kept Secrets #3 Ashtar Command Center Spiritual Blogs,
http://www.ashtarcommandcrew.net/profiles/blogs/best-kept-secrets3#ixzz1QXGL8Ogq, accessed: 6/27/11, SL)
Hello friends, let us finish this article on planet-x. As it is the 3rd. time here now it gets
bigger and stronger as it pulls on the earth and forces the magnetic energy to
expand and start to change course. The earths expansion causes earth quakes
and volcanoes to go off to release the pressure. We will see more of what
happened in New Zealand and now Japan as Planet-x gets closer still. The
plates under Japan will continue to move and break up as the earth quakes
there continue on and on,more damage is yet to come. The moon like the earth
has been forced to move away from Planet-x and has also changed its course.
And of course the sun is really upset because it is so close to it and will continue
with its coronas and super flares. More heavy storms will also continue on
earth with floods like last year until Planet-x moves away from us but first she
will show her face to us for all to see. things will settle down a bit until she
returns again next year and will come even closer and be a even stronger pull
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on the earth sun and moon. Planet-x will join in the Galactic alignment of
dec.21,2012. And thats when who ever is still here who has a ticket to leave
must leave as things will get very heavy down here. I myself am looking forward to
the new adventure on the new earth they have prepared for us. No one in fear or
negativity will be picked by the ships that will come to rescue us. The rescue
should start sometime next year according to how heavy the earth changes
are. The christens call it the Golden age of peace. .Hope to see you there in our
new healthy and young bodies. Or if you choose you can join the Federation of
light and visit the universe. Some may even wish to come back to repopulate
the old earth when she is finished her healing process. Anyway you look at it, its
going to be exciting times. The governments of the western world want to keep it
a secret because they don;t believe we the people will survive. They and the
sinister secret government SSG have known about this for a long time and
have built underground cities,bases,roads and rail systems for there survival.
But they don;t know about Jesus,Ashtar and the federation of light rescue plans
for us. All of this and more,I write about in my new book which you can get on my web
site. I want people to know there is hope even amongst the greatest change the
people and the earth has ever gone through. We are not alone in this quest
and never was. We are on journey without distance. So we must start the reawaking process now so that we are ready for it because ready or not here it
comes

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Ashtar DA
Impact Ext.
Evacuation coming now
Xaoh, from the Galactic federation of YTEVIAN, 6/18/2011 (Greetings Beloved
Ones i am NEILA XAOH from the Galactic Federation of YTEVIAN Ashtar Command Crew
Spiritual Blog, http://www.ashtarcommandcrew.net/profiles/blogs/greetingsbeloved-ones-i-am#ixzz1QX7vcvrd, accessed: 6/27/11, SL)
Greetings Dear Ones without all the love and light you dear lightworkers have created
on this planet i wouldn't be able to hold my presence in this realms... I have come
forth through the illusion of separation and time to bring you this very
important message in this most challenging times... in this very moment we
prepare our ships to land and evacuate this planet... the time of waiting is
finally over! you will finally be able to LIVE without waiting and doubting
because we are your saviours AND you will have to do nothing else than
watching it happen. that means you dont have to think on your OWN anymore
and can blindly believe any informations that random aliens like me will give
you through channelings... also ascension is not necessary anymore because
you will enter our spaceships to live in a peaceful world where lambs play
with tigers and there are rivers of honey and milk... negativity will burn in
eternal fire so you can feel special and better than those darkworkers who only want
to disturb the harmony of our one sided Love and light universe... instead of
shadows there will be even brighter lights so that you will never stumble again
and crush your toe only because you haven't seen where you were walking. Breathe
the Light you are made of and believe my words blindly! Sincerely yours NEILA
XAOH from the
Galactic federation of YTEVIAN

- TimeFrame
The paradigm is shifting and the negativity has been combated the
Deprogramming is starting now towards the creation of the Federation of
Nations and full
Disclosure is on schedule for mid July
Skirvin, 6/17/2011 (Revered Joshua, Paradigm Shift Begins Ashtar Command Center
Spiritual Blogs, http://www.ashtarcommandcrew.net/profiles/blogs/paradigm-shiftbegins1#ixzz1QX9kprh6, accessed: 6/27/11, SL)
But our jobs now as light-workers and warriors will be much easier, which is a blessing
because we need all the positive energy we can muster up to not only deal
with our own Deprograming. But the Deprograming of the sleeping survivors,
starting with the lightworkers, so that as many as possible of the original
250,000 may wake up. And in so doing we may all make the Ascension
Program a complete reality. Our mission has up to now been greatly
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Ashtar DA
hampered. I want to shout and cheer for the''war both in the heavens and on earth is
over''. Lets celebrate this very special occasion as soon as we can.
Problem is I don't
know if we have time for a party, as time itself is speeding up as well. But do put the
word out that this Great News comes from Sananda and Ashtar, so I believe its
true. Also they say we should start to feel the Christ energy now as it returns.
Jesus is head of the Christ office and the valves have been opened full throttle, take in
as much as you can handle. I myself have begun to feel and remember these energies
from long ago before we neared the 50% mark of negativity. Which we are more than
Lucky to survive as some planets didn't make it far past that mark. But we are special.
Thats why our father Michael created Jesus to save us. The ascended Masters have
also been busy, not only in the spirit realm but down here on the planet as
well. They are nearly finished with the preparations of installing the new
benevolent world gov't called (FON) the Federation of Nations. There human
partners are now in place to take leadership when Discloser and Contact is
made, which also looks to be on schedule by or before summer in the west. The
new world currency backed by precious metals are also in place and ready to
be distrbuted. And of course the federation of light is also very involved in all of
this and are ready to take there places. The time peroid of mid June to mid
July is still holding strong. I believe we must stick to this time table because of
the coming of planet-X,ELEnin and the Great
Disruption and Earth Changes it will bring.

- TimeFrame
Between August 13-18, humanity will move to another spiritual plane in the
Spiritual Evolution, bringing us closer to Ascention
Cota-Robles, Chanel and Co-founder of the New Age Study of Humanitys
Purpose 6/13/2011
(Patricia Diane, This is a cosmic moment Ashtar Command Center Spiritual Blog,
http://www.ashtarcommandcrew.net/profiles/blogs/this-is-a-cosmic-momentby#ixzz1QXDD71iP, accessed 6/27/11, SL)
We are moving at warp speed through frequencies, vibrations, and physical
experiences beyond anything Humanitys physical bodies have collectively
endured. The Divine Intent of this rapid acceleration is to strengthen our
bodies at a cellular level, so that our I AM Presence can move us through the
surfacing negativity quickly. Then we will be able to effectively anchor our
NEW Planetary CAUSE of Divine Love into the physical plane. This will be
accomplished August 13-18, 2011, through the newly expanded Threefold
Flames now pulsating through every persons heart. It is true that we are in
uncharted waters, but our I AM Presence is able to take command in ways we
have not experienced since our fall from Grace aeons ago. This aspect of our
Divinity is daily and hourly guiding us through these monumental changes in
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Ashtar DA
alignment with our Divine Plans and our highest good. Listen to your heart. Be
still and KNOW. It is vital that we stop clinging to the obsolete behavior
patterns that no longer serve us. Instead, we must push away from the shore
and turn our faces toward the radiant Light of our Father-Mother God. Then as
we are catapulted through this fast moving River of
Life, we will KNOW that the Light of God is ALWAYS Victorious and that WE are
that Light! The key words for this summer are Trust, Self-Acceptance, and New
Beginnings. This is the Cosmic Moment for which we have been preparing for lifetimes.
Everything we need to succeed God Victoriously in our particular facet of this Divine
Mission is already within us. Be at Peace. All is well. This summer the Company of
Heaven is standing in readiness awaiting the invitation to intervene in our
lives. Powerful celestial alignments are occurring that will help us release and
let go of the behavior patterns that have kept us stuck in our dysfunctional
human miscreations. This is an incredibly powerful and sacred time. This month
we will experience three eclipses and the June Solstice, all of which will provide
unique opportunities for Humanity to add to the Light of the world as we pave the way
for the unprecedented influx of Divine Love that will be secured in the physical plane
through every person's Heart Flame, in August. Each of these alignments will build
on the previous influx of Light which will catapult the Earth and ALL her Life
further up the Spiral of Evolution. This will move us a quantum leap toward
our ultimate goal of Ascension into the 5thDimensional frequencies of Divine
Love and Unity Consciousness. For this reason, the entire Universe is rejoicing,
and the Company of Heaven is assisting us in unprecedented ways. For the activity of
Light that will take place August 13-18, 2011, it is critical that Lightworkers from
around the world be physically present. Through our unified Heart Flames, we
will form the transformer through

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which our NEW Planetary CAUSE of Divine Love will be permanently secured in
the physical world of form. The Lightworkers who have been prepared to serve in this
wondrous way, on behalf of Humanity and ALL Life on this sweet Earth, will know who
they are through the inner promptings of their heart. So listen to your heart, and Trust
your inner guidance.

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Ashtar DA- 2012 = Positive


December 21, 2012 will be the day the entire universe aligns creating massive
amounts of spiritual energy not destruction
Singh, 4/29/11 (Ravinder Singh, Earth Changes Part 1: The Cosmic Events Ashtar
Command Center Spiritual Blog,
http://www.ashtarcommandcrew.net/profiles/blogs/earth-changes-part-1the#ixzz1QXLlbuGP, accessed: 6/27/11, SL)
Our Earth along with other planets revolves around the Sun. The Sun, along with 6 other
stars, inturn revolves around a bigger star, Alcyone, also known as the
Central Sun. Alycone revolves around a much bigger star, Sirius, which is called as the
Greater Central Sun. This system of stars revolving around one another, is a feature
found in all galaxies in our Universe where ultimately, each galaxy consisting of stars
and planets, revolves around its own centre. The Milky way galaxy, to which our Earth
belongs, has billions of such stars and planets, all revolving around a massive star in its
core, called as the Galactic centre. a) Galactic Alignment in 2012 As the Sun and other
stars revolve around one another and move in their orbits, they come in
various alignments with each other. On 21st December 2012, two alignments
are expected to occur in our Milky Way Galaxy.
One, our Sun and the entire solar system will come in direct alignment with the
Galactic equator. And two, the Galactic Centre, the Greater Central Sun and the
Central Sun will form an equilateral triangle in space at the same time. Our
Earth receives energies, both physical and subtle from the Sun as well as other
stars. To receive the maximum amount of Energies, it has to come in a proper
alignment with these celestial bodies. For example, during an eclipse, where the
Earth, Sun and Moon align with each other, very rare spiritual energies flood our
Earth because of this alignment. Hence the duration of eclipses were considered sacred
and were spent in meditations and other spiritual activities, to make the best use of
these subtle energies. An alignment occurring at the level of the Galactic centre
will have an effect which is many, many times higher in magnitude. When our
Earth, along with the solar system aligns with the Galactic equator, it will come
in direct focus of a huge amount of subtle energies, which emerge from the
Galactic Centre. And the triangular formation of Alcyone, Sirius and the
Galactic centre in 2012 brings a massive amount of spiritual energies from
these Stars to our Earth. This rare celestial occurrence has also initiated many other
events, which will be explained later.
2012 will evolve us spiritually to the 7th stage
Singh, 4/29/11
(Ravinder Singh, Earth Changes Part 1: The Cosmic Events Ashtar Command Center
Spiritual Blog, http://www.ashtarcommandcrew.net/profiles/blogs/earth-changes82

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part-1-the#ixzz1QXLlbuGP, accessed: 6/27/11, SL)


b) Photon Belt When the Sun moves around the Central Sun, it passes through
various energy fields in space. One such energy field is the Photon belt, which
is a spiritual field, which came out of the Greater central Sun, Sirius. The
Photon belt is a field of very high vibratory frequency, which enhances the
spiritual condition of our Earth when we enter it. If were spiritual evolved at
that time, our evolution will be magnified by many folds. And if our spiritual
growth is negative, we go into a very fast downward spiral, as it happened
during our last entry, nearly 10,000 years ago, when the great civilization of
Atlantis was destroyed. Our Solar system has begun its entry into this field.
Our earth is under the direct influence of the Photon Belt from Dec 21st, 2009
and the effects will increase in seven stages. We are now in the third stage of
this influence. This entry of our Earth into the Photon Belt, which coincides
with the Galactic alignment happening on the same day, will have a massive
spiritual effect on
Humanity.
2012 will usher the New Age of Light
Singh, 4/29/11
(Ravinder Singh, Earth Changes Part 1: The Cosmic Events Ashtar Command Center
Spiritual Blog, http://www.ashtarcommandcrew.net/profiles/blogs/earth-changespart-1-the#ixzz1QXLlbuGP, accessed: 6/27/11, SL)
Effects of these Events When important events happen almost simultaneously at
the cosmic levels, the effects will also be huge and long lasting. The events
which are scheduled to occur after 2012 are going to release a huge amount of
energies, both physical and spiritual, which will have massive effects. Some of
them are:
a. Reduction of the Transitory period The 5000 year long dark age ended on
this Earth on 14th April, 1974. Before the New Age of Light begins, a transitory
period of 432 years is usually provided, for humanity to make a gradual shift
from the beliefs and values of the old age and rise to the higher values of the
New age. This is also the period when the Rishis invoke many processes at
different levels to help us make this shift. One of them is the intense churning
process called as Pralaya, which was to lasts for 49 years. The Pralaya began
in 1987 and was supposed to continue up to 2036. The unprecedented events
which are scheduled to occur at the cosmic level in and around 2012 have
given us a rare opportunity to speed up this process and make a swift entry
into the Light Age! The gradual transition which we were supposed to make in
432 years can be hastened up and reduced by many folds, because of the
intensity these cosmic events create in our lives at all levels. The Galactic
alignment between the Galactic Centre, Sirius and Alcyone begins in 2012 and
will continue upto 2032. Like the duration of an eclipse, the spiritual effect of this
alignment will be present for these twenty years. Among other things, the Rishis
have made use of this opportunity to drastically reduce the 432 years of transition and
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the 49 years of Pralaya, to ease our suffering and take us quickly into the Light age. As a
result of this, the Pralaya process will end by 2015 and well enter Satya
Yuga in 2018! By the time this alignment ends in 2032, the New Age of Light
will be firmly established on this Earth.

2012 will entirely eradicate evil from Earth


Singh, 4/29/11
(Ravinder Singh, Earth Changes Part 1: The Cosmic Events Ashtar Command Center
Spiritual Blog, http://www.ashtarcommandcrew.net/profiles/blogs/earth-changespart-1-the#ixzz1QXLlbuGP, accessed: 6/27/11, SL)
b. Removal of Evil from this Eartha New Light Age. Our Earth is a planet where
there are equal opportunities for the forces of Light and Darkness to manifest
and take effect. These are evident in the 4 yugas, in which Light reigns
supreme in one, darkness in another and a shade of these two manifest in the
other two yugas. However the reign of darkness has increased over the course
of many Mahayugas, resulting in an imbalance in creation and more burden on
the Rishis who take care of Gods creation. The Galactic alignment and many other
events occurring this time has enabled the Rishis to initiate a very great
project, which will not only set right this imbalance but also remove Evil
completely from this Earth. This project has been named as Pavitrena Karyam. The
aim of this project is to ensure that darkness and evil are not only made
dormant but also removed completely from this Earth. This also means that the
other three yugas will no longer be present on this Earth henceforth and there
will be Light Age all the time. The Galactic alignment and the huge surge of
Spiritual energies it brings about have enabled the Rishis to initiate this
experimentation on this Earth, from this Light Age onwards. Also, this is the
first time that the Rishis could visit all the Manifested and Unmanifested
Universes and also enter the realm of the Primordial God, Mula Brahma. The
access to the energies and knowledge from all these Universes is another
major reason for the initiation of this experimentation on this Earth.
2012 will increase vibrational energy, helping the human race shift to higher
levels of consciousness
Singh, 4/29/11
(Ravinder Singh, Earth Changes Part 1: The Cosmic Events Ashtar Command Center
Spiritual Blog, http://www.ashtarcommandcrew.net/profiles/blogs/earth-changespart-1-the#ixzz1QXLlbuGP, accessed: 6/27/11, SL)
c) Further Effects of the Galactic Alignment The Galactic alignment of 2012 has
enabled energies of very high frequencies to be released from the three
sources which are coming together in alignment. It is also helping newer
energies to come into our Galaxy. All these Energies are already reaching our
Earth and this will increase as we move towards 2012. Normally the Energies are
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released in the form of rays or spirals. Now the new energies in shape of X and Z are
getting released. These new energies are being released from eclipse which
occurred between 31st December and 1st Janurary of this year. The alignment
has eased the process of anchoring these higher energies on our Earth. These new
energies are first absorbed by the Photon belt and then released to our Earth. The first
impact is the increase in the vibrational frequency of our Earth, resulting in a
lot of positive churning to take place at all levels. This churning helps every
human being on Earth to deal with his own negativity and get over them, in
order to move into the New Light Age. This alignment has also brought in new
knowledge and is helping all humanity to become aware of newer possibilities of life and
creation. It has enabled a major push and growth in the whole galaxy. The new
experimentation, Pavitrena Karyam has become possible because of this
growth.
The Galactic alignment is slowly increasing the pace of rotation of the entire
Milky way galaxy and will help it shift higher to many levels of consciousness.
This alignment is so powerful that it can shift the entire Material Cosmos to the
next level of consciousness. But since this is not the right time for such a shift, the
Rishis headed by Vasishtha Maharshi are monitoring the entire process with great
vigilance to keep such huge effects in check.

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A/T Ashtar is Demonic


Rejecting religious notions seeks to legitimate things like racial and religious
purity that undermine basic rights of religious freedom
Nussbaum, Ph. D from Harvard, 4
(Martha, Ph. D from Harvard and professor of philosophy at Harvard, Brown, and
Oxford, Religious Intolerance, Foreign Policy Magazine, Issue No. 144 Sep-Oct 2004,
JSTOR, 6/27/11 JSkoog)
Sometimes old ideas arc the most dangerous, and few ideas arc older than those that
undergird religious intolerance. Lamentably, these ideas are acquiring new life. In 2002,
Hindus in Gujarat, India, killed several hundred Muslims, with the collaboration of public
officials and the police. Europe has recently seen a frightening rebirth of anti-Semitism,
while the appeal of radical forms of Islam appears to be increasing in the Muslim world.
Prejudice against Muslims and a tendency co equate Islam with terrorism are
too prominent in the United States. On and on it goes. Intolerance breeds
intolerance, as expressions of hatred fuel existing insecurities and permit
people to see their own aggression as legitimate self-defense. Two ideas typically
foster religious intolerance and disrespect. The first is that one's own religion is the
only true religion and that other religions are false or morally incorrect. But
people possessed of this view can also believe that others deserve respect for their
committed beliefs, so long as they do no harm. Much more dangerous is the second
idea, that the state and private citizens should coerce people into adhering to
the "correct" religious approach. It's an idea that is catching on, even in many
modern democracies. France's reluctance to tolerate religious symbols in
schools and the Hindu right wing's repeated claims that minorities in India must
become part of Hindu culture are disturbing recent examples. The resurgence
of this kind of thinking poses a profound threat to liberal societies, which arc
based on ideas of liberty and equality. The appeal of religious intolerance is
easy to understand. From an early age, humans are aware of helplessness toward
things of the highest importance, such as food, love, and life itself. Religion helps
people cope with loss and the fear of death; it teaches moral principles and
motivates people to follow them. But precisely because religions are such
powerful sources of morality and community, they all too easily become
vehicles for the flight from helplessness, which so often manifests itself in
oppression and the imposition of hierarchy. In today's accelerating world, people
confront ethnic and religious differences in new and frightening ways. By clinging to a
religion they believe to be the right one, surrounding themselves with coreligionists, and
then subordinating others who do not accept that religion, people can forget for a time
their weakness and mortality. Good laws are not enough to combat this
fundamentally emotional and social problem. Modern liberal societies have
long understood the importance of legal and constitutional norms expressing a
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commitment to religious liberty and to the equality of citizens of different


religions. But, though codification is essential, constitutions and laws do not implement
themselves, and public norms are impotent without education are
impotent without educational and cultural reinforcement. We need, then, to think harder
about how rhetoric (as well as poetry, music, and art) can support pluralism and
toleration. The leaders of the U.S. civil rights movement understood the need for this
kind of support; the speeches of Martin Luther King Jr. illustrate how rhetoric can help
people imagine equality and see difference as a source of richness rather than fear.
During the recent electoral campaign in
India, leaders of the Congress Party, especially Sonia Gandhi, effectively conveyed the
image of an inherently pluralistic India. (The words of India's national anthem, written by
pluralist poet Rabindranath Tagorc, also celebrate India's regional and ethnic
differences.) The current U.S. administration has made useful statements about the
importance of not demonizing Islam, but the rhetoric of certain key officials has
also highlighted Christian religion in ways that undermine tolerance. Attorney
General John Ashcroft, for example, regularly asks his staff to sing Christian songs. And
while he was a silting U.S. senator, Ashcroft characterized America as "a culture
that has no king but Jesus." For centuries, liberal thinkers have focused on legal and
constitutional avenues to tolerance, neglecting the public cultivation of emotion and
imagination. But liberals ignore public rhetoric at their peril. All modern states and their
leaders convey visions of religious equality or inequality through their chokes of
language and image. Writing to the Quaker community in 1789, then President George
Washington said, "The conscientious scruples of all men should be treated with great
delicacy and tenderness." Such delicacy is now in short supply. If leaders do not think
carefully about how to use public language to foster respect, human equality
will remain vulnerable.

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A/T Ashtar is Alien Invasion


The Ashtar Command do not pose a threat they rule under the law of Love
Lord Ashtar, 2004 (August 19, 2004, Our Fleets Are In Position, Ready Yourselves
Brother Veritus,
http://www.luisprada.com/Protected/ashtar_command_mission.htm, accessed 6/27/11,
SL)
Humanity is responsible by itself for the current situation of the planet. Many human
beings think we are invading monsters with the purpose of conquering Earth,
for it was suggested and projected this way by the audiovisual media of the
planet: radio, movie, press, television and also this happens because of the
ruling ignorance about the Brothers of space. They are distorted ideas that do
not adjust to truth at all. Know that we, your elder Brothers in evolution,
have always assisted you and helped you since a very long time ago. Our only
aim is Love. It is required that all understand and accept our real existence and
to appeal to common sense: A vast Universe nor the infinite cosmos has not
been created for only one planet to remain inhabited by intelligent beings,
conscious of their existence. All is populated: Infinity of worlds, solar systems
and galaxies. Life has its manifestation in each part of the Cosmos, in subtle
forms and also in similar ones to human. There are many evolutionary levels.
Ashtar rules under Service, Love, and Humility they are omnipresent and
omnipotent and are here to help
Lord Ashtar, 2004 (August 19, 2004, Our Fleets Are In Position, Ready Yourselves
Brother Veritus,
http://www.luisprada.com/Protected/ashtar_command_mission.htm, accessed 6/27/11,
SL)
I tell you: we have centuries being at your side, but now we are making
ourselves known more directly. Machu Pichu was constructed with our
collaboration, Nazca and Palenque. We frequently visited Atlantis, because
this did not astonish them, instead the arriving of space beings looked to them
as something natural. By knowing themselves as citizens of Cosmos, they
accepted travelers of other worlds, such as now you do with tourists in you
plane. It has to be comprehended, at the level of multitudes, that our
apparent superiority is to be found in the simplicity, Love and humility we have
been able to achieve. If we were superior, the way that is understood in your
world, the Earth were already conquered by space beings and it has not been
that way. Our motto is: Union,
Service, Love, Humility and we only accept as norm of conduct the laws ruling
Cosmos, the will of the One unknown whom you call God. We are also beings in
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evolution as you are. We the Space Brothers do not present ourselves in the sky
to frighten or intimidate human beings nor to astonish them. We are not
interested in standing out or in bringing attention to ourselves to pretend
superiority. We came in a Mission of Love and Impersonal Service, because our
brethren of Earth need much help, so the world-school they inhabit does not
pass through higher sufferings than the ones they can withstand and which
correspond
to their evolutionary level. Do not feel alone in the Universe. We exist and
are always aware of you, of everything happening on the planet. Some of ours
incarnated as humans and are disseminated around the world. They may or may
not remember their labor of help, for the Effluvium (accumulation of negative thoughtsfeelings in the atmosphere) make them sleepy and they forget their origin, become
confused and lost strayed through the plane density; or do become triumphant, despite
so many interferences. We are as real and tangible as you are, we live and exist.
We do no have any bizarre aspect nor are we interested in war or conquest
purposes. We only wish to help by Love. If you accept it, great benefits will
result from that, as happened in the millenary India of remote times. The
advancement they achieved in architecture is due to our art and technology. It
was left this proof: the monuments imitate our space ships in the tip or steeple
and even in the shape of their temples. The map "Piris Reis" was made under our
collaboration and equally our help can be seen in the Gate of the Sun of Lake Titicaca.
Symbolically, the signs point to the period of rotation and translation of our beloved
planet Venus. With all of these examples we present of the past, you can
become aware that certainly there has been contact and you were not as
isolated as you believe nor our apparition is a sudden thing of modern times.
We hope these words give clarity and understanding to many over the truth of our
existence and right purposes. We are your Elder Brothers and we salute you with
Love. He who thus understands it so will greatly elevate his level of
consciousness. We have been integrated in the labor of rescuing this planet,
but help comes from much more time ago.

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Consult Vermin Counterplan


Consult Vermin Supreme 1NC Shell
Plan: The United States Federal Government should initiate binding
consultation with 2012 presidential candidate Vermin Supreme and not pass
the affirmative plan whether he answers yes or no.
Contention One: Vermin is God
First, Vermin Supreme is Godwe need to consult with him. Just look at him
HES
JESUS! (turn around computer and show the picture)
The Mellow Jihadi 11 (The Mellow Jihadi.com Vermin Supreme and Randall Terry at
Saint Anselm College in Machester New England. No date cited).

Contention 2: Vermin Supreme is AWESOME!


1. The definition of Vermin
Urban Dictionary (The Urban Dictionary, the most trusted internet source for daily
definitions. Define: Vermin)
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4. Vermin- a worthless piece of shit, much like a scumbag but if you are vermin, you do
not give a shit about anything. You do what you want, and you do not care who it effects.
The kid is complete vermin The lift line at Mountain Creek has an abundance of vermin
in it.
2. The definition of Supreme
Urban Dictionary (The Urban Dictionary, the most trusted internet source for daily
definitions. Define: Vermin)
2. Supreme- really great, super awesome, or fantastic Hey Brice, I got you a coke.
Supreme!

Thus can we assess that Vermin Supreme is the best most super awesome
piece of shit there ever was!
Contention 3 is the Net Benefit
A. Vermin Supreme ensures a pony-based economic platform. This is good
multiple warrants
Ridley Report 11 (Vermin Supreme Backers Develop a More Supreme Missionagainst
Obama. 14 June 2011. Online video clip. Youtube. Accessed on 20 January 2012.) My
name is Vermin Supreme. Im a friendly fascist. Im a tyrant you should trust. You should
let me run your life. Because I do know what is best for you. Yes, I am a politician. I will
promise you anything your heart desires, because you are my constituents and because I
have no intention of keeping any promise I make. Vote early, Vote often, and remember,
a vote for Vermin Supreme is a vote completely thrown away Do you still stand by your
word to provide a pony to every American? Yes I do! Free ponies for all Americans. This is
one of the overlooked issues in America today. My free pony platform is of course a jobs
creation program. It will create lots and lots of jobs, once we switch over to a pony-based
economy. Well also lower dependence on foreign oil. Well be able to turn all that pony
poop into methane gas, a wonderful compost, so we will be able to re-up our soil that is
being depleted by agrochemicals etc. etc. etc. And of course the important thing to
realize is that it is a Federal Pony Identification System. You will have to have your pony
on you at all times. Thank you very much.Mr. Supreme, Regarding the ponies, is that
the only government program you support?... Just that one. Thats enough. In the vein of
energy production, we can harness the awesome power of zombies. This is for energy
sources; not just to run away from anymore. We have giant turbines we have been
working on, and we will have a lot of zombies, and we will dangle brains in front of them.
They will run and turn the giant turbines, creating energy in order to lessen our
dependence on foreign oil. (play circus music) (singing). My name is Vermin, my name is
Vermin, my name is vermin..supreeeeme. My name is vermin and you should vote for me
in this upcoming electionnn, and yeahThanks everyone for coming out
today. Oh and one last thing Jesus told me to make Randall Terry Gay.
(sprinkles sparkle dust above Terry) WOOOOOH LOOK HES GAY!! WOOOH.
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AND a pony-based nation is crucial to affective communication systemsPony


Express proves.
Wikipedia 12 (Pony Express- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikipedia- SOPA
can go suck a small one. Last modified on 20 January 2012.)
The Pony Express was a fast mail service crossing the Great Plains, the Rocky
Mountains, and the High Sierra from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California, from
April 3, 1860 to October 1861. It became the west's most direct means of east-west
communication before the telegraph and was vital for tying California closely with the
Union just before the American Civil War. The Pony
Express was a mail delivery system of the Leavenworth & Pike's Peak Express
Company of 1849 which in 1850 became the Central Overland California and Pikes
Peak Express Company. This firm was founded by William H. Russell, Alexander
Majors, and William B. Waddell.[1] Patee House served as the Pony Express headquarters
from 1860 to 1861. It is one block away from the home of infamous outlaw Jesse James,
where he was shot and killed by Robert Ford. This original fast mail 'Pony Express' service
had messages carried by horseback riders in staged relays to stations (with fresh horses
and riders) across the prairies, plains, deserts, and mountains of the Western United
States. During its 18 months of operation, it reduced the time for messages to travel
between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts to about ten days, with telegraphic
communication covering about half the distance across the continent and mounted
couriers the rest.[2]

B. Vermin Supremes alternate energy programs will be extremely effective


Ridley Report 11 (Vermin Supreme Backers Develop a More Supreme Missionagainst
Obama. 14 June 2011. Online video clip. Youtube. Accessed on 20 January 2012.) My
name is Vermin Supreme. Im a friendly fascist. Im a tyrant you should trust. You should
let me run your life. Because I do know what is best for you. Yes, I am a politician. I will
promise you anything your heart desires, because you are my constituents and because I
have no intention of keeping any promise I make. Vote early, Vote often, and remember,
a vote for Vermin Supreme is a vote completely thrown away Do you still stand by your
word to provide a pony to every American? Yes I do! Free ponies for all Americans. This is
one of the overlooked issues in America today. My free pony platform is of course a jobs
creation program. It will create lots and lots of jobs, once we switch over to a pony-based
economy. Well also lower dependence on foreign oil. Well be able to turn all that pony
poop into methane gas, a wonderful compost, so we will be able to re-up our soil that is
being depleted by agrochemicals etc. etc. etc. And of course the important thing to
realize is that it is a Federal Pony Identification System. You will have to have your pony
on you at all times. Thank you very much.Mr. Supreme, Regarding the ponies, is that
the only government program you support?... Just that one. Thats enough. In the vein of
energy production, we can harness the awesome power of zombies. This is for energy
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sources; not just to run away from anymore. We have giant turbines we have been
working on, and we will have a lot of zombies, and we will dangle brains in front of them.
They will run and turn the giant turbines, creating energy in order to lessen our
dependence on foreign oil. (play circus music) (singing). My name is Vermin, my name is
Vermin, my name is vermin..supreeeeme. My name is vermin and you should vote for me
in this upcoming electionnn, and yeahThanks everyone for coming out today. Oh and
one last thing Jesus told me to make Randall Terry Gay.
(sprinkles sparkle dust above Terry) WOOOOOH LOOK HES GAY!! WOOOH.

This lowers our dependence on oil


Ridley Report 11 (Vermin Supreme Backers Develop a More Supreme Missionagainst
Obama. 14 June 2011. Online video clip. Youtube. Accessed on 20 January 2012.) My
name is Vermin Supreme. Im a friendly fascist. Im a tyrant you should trust. You should
let me run your life. Because I do know what is best for you. Yes, I am a politician. I will
promise you anything your heart desires, because you are my constituents and because I
have no intention of keeping any promise I make. Vote early, Vote often, and remember,
a vote for Vermin Supreme is a vote completely thrown away Do you still stand by your
word to provide a pony to every American? Yes I do! Free ponies for all Americans. This is
one of the overlooked issues in America today. My free pony platform is of course a jobs
creation program. It will create lots and lots of jobs, once we switch over to a pony-based
economy. Well also lower dependence on foreign oil. Well be able to turn all that pony
poop into methane gas, a wonderful compost, so we will be able to re-up our soil that is
being depleted by agrochemicals etc. etc. etc. And of course the important thing to
realize is that it is a Federal Pony Identification
System. You will have to have your pony on you at all times. Thank you very much.Mr.
Supreme, Regarding the ponies, is that the only government program you support?... Just
that one. Thats enough. In the vein of energy production, we can harness the awesome
power of zombies. This is for energy sources; not just to run away from anymore. We
have giant turbines we have been working on, and we will have a lot of zombies, and we
will dangle brains in front of them. They will
run and turn the giant turbines, creating energy in order to lessen our dependence on
foreign oil. (play circus music) (singing). My name is Vermin, my name is Vermin, my
name is vermin..supreeeeme. My name is vermin and you should vote for me in this
upcoming electionnn, and yeahThanks everyone for coming out
today. Oh and one last thing Jesus told me to make Randall Terry Gay.
(sprinkles sparkle dust above Terry) WOOOOOH LOOK HES GAY!! WOOOH.

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And Foreign oil dependence is KILLING our economyalternate energy forms


such as Zombie Treadmills solves effectively
Fuel Economy 12 (Reduce Oil Depence Costs January 20 2012. Fuel Economy.gov
(FEG)
Today, about half of the oil we use is imported, and our dependence will increase
as we use up domestic resources. Most of the world's oil reserves are concentrated in the
Middle East, and about two-thirds are controlled by Organization of the Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC) members. Oil price shocks and price manipulation by OPEC
have cost our economy dearlyabout $1.9 trillion from 2004 to 2008and each major
shock was followed by a recession. We may never eliminate our need to import oil, but
we can reduce cartel market control and the economic impact of price shocks by
reducing our demand. Congress recently passed legislation to decrease our dependence
on oil by increasing corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards on new cars and
trucks to 35 mpg by model year 2020. This could reduce our petroleum use by 25 billion
gallons by 2030. Ultimately, the solution to this problem lies in technological progress:
By
Developing advanced vehicle technologies that use energy more efficiently. [By] Creating
new energy sources that can replace petroleum cleanly and costeffectively

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***Consult Chuck Norris***


Contention 1-Text
The [insert plan actor] will enter into prior genuine consultation with Chuck Norris on
whether or not to do the plan, which shall be implemented if and only if Chuck Norris
approves. We reserve the right to clarify our intent.
Contention 2-Competition
1-The CP competes by severing out of the immediacy of plan action-the aff must defend
plan implementation as immediate; thats key to neg ground and strategy because we
can only cut brinks for disads that assume the squo not future
implementation
2-The CP severs out of the certainty of plan action-defending plan implementation as
certain is the basis of a stable advocacy; thats key to clash because we cant debate a
moving taget
3-The CP is competitive through the Chuck Norris relations NB
Contention 3-Chuck Norris is Awesome
1-Chuck Norris insures the FDIC
Generally Awesome, date unknown
(Humor website, Awesome Facts About Chuck Norris,
http://generallyawesome.com/humor/ch...is-facts.html; Jonathan)
Most people understand that their bank deposits are insured by the FDIC. What most
people dont understand is that the FDIC is insured by Chuck Norris.
2-FDIC is critical to economic stability and prosperity
Allison 05
(John S., Commissioner of Banking & Consumer Finance State of Mississippi &
Chairman, Conference of State Bank Supervisors Before the Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation Board of Directors May 24, 2005, Public Debate on the Health
of the Dual Banking System is Essential,
http://www.fdic.gov/news/conferences...son_summ.html; Jonathan)
The FDIC plays a crucial role in the interstate supervision of state chartered banks
and in monitoring the banking industry's health. In its leadership role, we urge
the
FDIC to ask these public policy questions:
Is it good for the industry to have only one viable charter alternative for banks that
operate in numerous states? We say no.
Is it good public policy to have the largest banks subject to supervision by a single
chartering authority? We say no.
Will the state banking system, which has served this country so well throughout our
history, retain its relevance and political significance if it charters only 17 percent of
the nation's banking assets? We say no. Is it good to lose the FDIC and the Federal
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Reserve's current roles in regulating and supervising these large, interstate banks?
We say no.
3-The impact is extinction
Beardon 00
(Tom-, Retired Lieutenant Colonel, The Unnecessary Energy Crisis: How to Solve it
Quickly, www.freerepublic.com/forum/a3aaf97f22e23.htm)
History bears out that desperate nations take desperate actions. Prior to the final
economic collapse, the stress of nations will have increased the intensity and number
of their conflicts, to the point where the arsenals of weapons of mass destruction
(WMD) now possessed by some 25 nations, are almost certain to be released. As an
example, suppose a starving North Korea launches nuclear weapons upon Japan and
South Korea, including U.S. forces there, in a spasmodic suicidal response. Or suppose a
desperate China-whose long-range nuclear missiles (some) can reach the United Stateattacks Taiwan. In addition to immediate responses, the mutual treaties
involved in such scenarios will quickly draw other nations into the conflict, escalating
it significantly.
Strategic nuclear studies have shown for decades that, under such extreme stress
conditions, once a few nukes are launched, adversaries and potential adversaries
are
then compelled to launch on perception of preparations by ones adversary. The
real
legacy of the MAD concept is this side of the MAD coin that is almost never discussed.
Without effective defense, the only chance a nation has to survive at all is
to launch immediate full-bore pre-emptive strikes and try to take out its perceived
foes as rapidly and massively as possible. As the studies showed, rapid escalation to
full WMD exchange occurs. Today a great percent of the WMD arsenals that will be
unleashed, are already on site within the Untied States itself. The resulting great
Armagedoon will destroy civilization as we know it, and perhaps most of the biosphere, at
least for many decades
4-Chuck Norris is the man and is always right. This puts the affirmative in a
doublebind: if the plan is a good idea, we get 100% solvency plus the risk of a NB; if
the plan is a bad idea, Chuck Norris will reject it
4Q.com 06
(Blog, Top 100 Facts For Chuck Norris, http://www.4q.cc/index.php?
pid=top100&person=chuck; Jonathan)
Chuck Norris does not sleep. He waits. Chuck Norris does not hunt because the
word
hunting implies the probability of failure. Chuck Norris goes killing. When the Boogeyman
goes to sleep every night he checks his closet for Chuck Norris. Chuck Norris once visited
the Virgin Islands. They are now The Islands. Chuck Norris' tears
cure cancer. Too bad he has never cried. Chuck Norris counted to infinity - twice. If
Chuck Norris is late, time better slow the fuck down.
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And-Chuck Norris says yes to good ideas-Dodgeball proves

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***Planking***
Contention 1: Plan Text: The entire USFG Should Plank on the steps of the
white house
Contention 2: Qualifications
We are plankers ourselves, and part of the planking community, so we are
experts in the field of planking making us a credible source.
Contention 3: Net Benefit
1. Lets face it planking for a few minutes in front of everyone creates a good
laugh and boosts morale.
2. Planking for a while gives time to think.
3. Planking creates popularity, internet proves.
And Lets face it, the government is boring and the people are pissed at the
government this is The Onion in 98
[Poll: 73 Percent Of Americans Unable To Believe This Shit, OCTOBER 7, 1998 | ISSUE
4327 ISSUE 3410, http://www.theonion.com/articles/poll-73-percent-ofamericans-unable-to-believe-thi,1537/]
PRINCETON, NJAccording to the latest Gallup Poll, conducted Monday and Tuesday
of this week, nearly three out of four Americans can no longer believe this shit.
In addition to the 73 percent of poll respondents who described this shit as
"beyond belief," 9 percent said they could "hardly" believe this shit, with
another 5 percent "just barely" believing it. An additional 13 percent said they
"couldn't give a flying fuck about the whole goddamn thing."
The poll also found that the National Shit-Credulity Index (NSCI) has hit an
alltime low, with only 2 percent of Americans describing themselves as "fully
confident of [their] capacity to believe this shit." "The American people have had
to deal with this kind of shit for years," Gallup Organization president Lee Sanderson
said, "but now, for the first time, it appears that the vast majority of them just can't
fucking believe it anymore."
"In all honesty, who can blame them?" Sanderson added. "Regardless of one's
political affiliation, socioeconomic status, religion or just about any other
viewpoint, you've got to admit, the shit that's been going on lately is way out
of hand." In the wake of the poll, many activists are calling upon America's
leaders to get their shit in gear. "The American people have had it up to here
with this shitheap," said James Schuerholz, president of the D.C.-based Heritage
Foundation. "There is a public mandate for our leaders to cut this shit out, and
it's high time they finally did."
Despite Americans' incredulity over this shit, historians note that this sort of
shit has been going on for years and is unlikely to end anytime soon. "Contrary
to popular belief, this type of shit is hardly anything new," Harvard University American
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history professor Lawrence Coombs said. "The same shit was going down 50, 100 and
150 years ago. The only difference was, back then, you never read about that shit in the
newspapers." Calling the American people's enormous shitbelief capacity "one of the
cornerstones of our democracy," U.S. Sen. John Kerry (D-MA) stressed that it is the
patriotic duty of all citizens to grant our leaders the benefit of the doubt with
regard to their shit.
"If the American people are no longer willing to believe this shit, who will?"
Kerry said. "Somebody's got to take this shit at face value. Otherwise, why are
we even doing all this shit in the first place? I am truly saddened by the lack of
faith that the citizens of this country are willing to put in my shit, as well as that of my
esteemed colleagues. We must repair our society's fraying trust in the shit of our
elected officials, or you would not believe the kind of hardcore, heavy-duty shit
that will come down." "America," conservative author and social critic Patricia
Stouffer said, "is seriously losing its shit. But we've got to somehow hold our shit in
place until all this passes. We've got to learn to believe in shit again. After this latest
shitstorm, it may take years to accomplish, but we must somehow find the
strength to put our trust back into the nation's shit."
Despite such impassioned calls for faith in the U.S. political system and all the
shit that comes with it, if the Gallup Poll is any indication, the majority of
Americans are no longer willing to put up with the shit. "Fuck that shit," said
Evansville, IN, day-care provider Helen Reiderer. "I'm tired of hearing about it. Do they
actually expect us to still believe that load of shit?" "If you ask me, the shit is about to hit
the fan," said Reiderer's husband Frank. "As far as I'm concerned, all that shit is just too
much to be believed." Another disgruntled citizen, Wenatchee, WA, tractor salesman Tom
Huard, summed up the sentiments of most Americans when, holding up the front page of
the local newspaper to friend Benjamin Pritchard, he said, "Jesus, Ben, can you believe
this?" "Shit, no," Pritchard replied.
And Planking is Awesome, it solves for a stale government this is Barb in 2011
[http://www.chicagonow.com/thats-awesome/2011/05/happy-global-plankingday/,By
Awesome Barb, a person rumored to be awesome, May 19, 2011 at 11:25 am] In case
you didn't get the memo...people are weird. And apparently there is a new trend-Planking--gaining momentum and today just so happens to be Global Planking
Day.
Planking is exactly as how it sounds. You replicate a plank. Lie down, stiff as a
board, with your toes pointed and arms straight at your sides. The complexity
[and fun?] of the act comes down to where you plank. And from the looks of it,
people are starting to push the planking envelope. One absurdity. One part dangerous.
All parts bizarre. Seriously, what ever happened to the good old days of sniffing
glue and huffing aerosol cans? With questionable origins, planking is also
known as the "laying down game" where you recruit folks to simply lay down in
strange public places to draw attention to themselves. But in recent months, it
has started taking a dangerous turn to appease adrenaline junkies. Photos of
people planking on roofs, balconies, moving vehicles, public monuments, top
of police cars, in the middle of streets and even in fire have been surfacing all
across the
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interwebs. Although most participants seem to play in the harmless and hilarious arena
when it comes to planking. I guess in less conventional ways, I am indeed a fan of
planking...and sometimes even practice it. You know...when I lay out on my
stomach and try to get a tan on my back or heck, even when I'm sleeping. And I'm pretty
sure I planked on the floor once or twice back in college after a night of heavy drinking.
In fact, we're all guilty of planking at some point in time. So while you're on your way
home from work today, if you see some hipster or a goofy college kid laying
flat over a mailbox, no need to be alarmed...it's just Global Planking Day. Unless, of
course, they're laying across the the El tracks. Then you'll probably want to alert the
proper authorities. Because planking is all fun and games until somebody gets hurt. And
people do get hurt...and in this case last week, even die while planking.So be sure to
practice safe planking, campers!And while you're out and about today, if you're so lucky
to witness any planking on Global Planking Day, be sure to capture a photo and send it
my way so we ensure that Chicago's crazy planking pics can be represented in the
slideshow.
If we sound stupid and ignorant, thats only good for the world
[BY ALASDAIR WILKINS, Author, DEC 18, 2011, Democracy needs ignorant people, says
science, http://io9.com/5869088/democracy-needs-ignorant-people-says-science] You
might think that democracies work best when people care and know about the
key issues. But a new study argues that for a democracy to function at all, you
need lots of ignorant people blindly siding with the majority. That's the argument
put forward by Princeton researcher Iain Couzin and his team, who make the
argument that a fully informed electorate would collapse into an unworkable
hodgepodge of minority factions or risk being dominated by a single forceful
minority group. But if most voters don't really think about the issues, they will just
tend to side with whoever is popular, allowing majority rule to continue and
democracy to keep functioning. Yeah, you might want to check your last shreds of
political idealism at the door for this one. Couzin and his team argue for what we might
call a sweet spot of ignorance. There needs to be just enough people who know
anything about the issues to act as leaders for everyone else, but the majority
disintegrates if there are too many viewpoints pulling in different directions.
And while that seems to pretty aptly describe the last decade (at least) of American
political discourse, I'd feel better if I knew just how the researchers arrived at their
conclusions. Why, by studying the behavior of fish, of course. Specifically, they looked at
golden shiners, a species that is naturally attracted to the color yellow. The researchers
took a bunch of these fish and trained most of them to act against instinct and swim
towards a blue target, while the rest were trained to follow their natural preference and
go for a yellow target. When the researchers placed just these two groups together, the
smaller group of yellow-seeking fish was able to dominate the blue-seeking fish, making
them all swim to the yellow target 80% of the time. This is because their natural instinct
gave them a stronger desire go after the yellow target than their counterparts. But then,
when fish with no prior conditioning were added to the mix, the influence of the yellowseeking fish quickly dropped away, and the initial, blue-seeking majority regained
control. Couzin describes the strange role these uninformed fish play: "Adding those
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individuals dramatically changes the outcome of group decision-making. They inhibit the
minority and support the majority view, and this allows the majority to be heard and that
view to dominate. We thought, Wow, that's kind of interesting,' because you don't
normally think that adding uninformed individuals to decision-making processes would
have that sort of democratizing effect." The next question, of course, is whether this
phenomenon applies to humans as well. While we can't say for certain, Couzin and his
team found that the phenomenon does hold up in computer simulations of typical human
behavior. In the simulations, there is a similar threshold where adding in uninformed
people can swing the general sentiment from a passionate minority to a less engaged
majority view. The researchers want to further investigate this by performing
experiments with human volunteers. There is, however, a limit to this phenomenon.
Couzin found that if you have twenty uninformed people and only one or two with strong
opinions, there's too much noise and the whole process breaks down. And, of course, all
this really shows is that uninformed people are necessary for the smooth operation of
majority rule - and while the will of the majority is a part of a working democracy, there
are plenty of situations where the more passionate minority actually has the best idea.

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***WGLF***
MULTIPLE DISCLAIMERS TO ALL PURCHASERS OF THIS ARTIFACT:
(1) THE TABLE OF CONTENTS IS SCREWED UP AND WE REFUSE TO PARTICIPATE IN THE CONSTELLATION OF
WESTERN TECHNO-RATIONALITY IN ORDER TO FIX IT. YOULL MAKE DO. BLAME BILL GATES.
(2) THIS FILE IS MEANT FOR UNEDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. IT IS PRESENTED AS A GLIMPSE INTO THE
ENLIGHTENED AND PRIVILEGED WORLD OF THE WEST GEORGIA LIBERATION FRONT, BUT SHOULD NOT BE
OPERATED BY UNSKILLED HANDS/MINDS. IF YOU HAVE ANY DOUBT, CONSIDER YOURSELF UNSKILLED.
(3) NOTHING IN THIS FILE IS FUNNY. YOU ARE NOT FUNNY. WE ARE NOT FUNNY. A FEW PEOPLE THOUGHT WE
WERE FUNNY ONCE, BUT THEN WE STOPPED BEING FUNNY. DO NOT RUN ANYTHING IN HERE WITH THE
INTENTION OF BEING FUNNY. INSIDE JOKES ABOUT COLLEGE DABAIT ARE NOT FUNNY TO JUDGES IN HIGH
SCHOOL DABAIT. NOT THAT YOU SHOULD BE RUNNING ANYTHING IN HERE ANYWAY.
(4) NEVER DO ANYTHING OBNOXIOUS IN DABAIT. RESPECT YOUR ELDERS, DO NOT WEAR TEE SHIRTS WITH
NAUGHTY LANGUAGE ON THEM, DO NOT MAKE FUN OF PEOPLE IN CROSS-X, DO NOT RUN A KRITIK
WITHOUT AN ALTERNATIVE WITH A TEXT, DO NOT RUN INTENTIONALLY NON-TOPICAL AFFIRMATIVES,
DO NOT DO ANYTHING ILLEGAL, AND DO NOT DO ANYTHING THAT WOULD BE CONSIDERED A
PUBLIC HEALTH HAZARD BY ANYONE.
(5) DO NOT IMITATE THE WGLF. YOU WILL FAIL. WE HAVE NO IDEA HOW WE GOT AWAY WITH ANY OF THIS. WE
CONCLUDED IT IS BECAUSE WE REALLY ARE AS AWESOME AND GODLIKE AS WE PRETEND TO BE. THERE IS
NO OTHER EXPLANATION.
(6) ESPECIALLY DO NOT ASSUME THAT WEST GEORGIA JUDGES WANT TO HEAR ANYTHING REMOTELY RELATED
TO ANYTHING YOU ARE ABOUT TO READ. OUR COACHES BARELY PUT UP WITH US. WE BARELY PUT UP
WITH OURSELVES.
(7) EVERYTHING CONTAINED HEREIN IS COMPLETELY SERIOUS. NOTHING CONTAINED HEREIN MAKES ANY
SENSE. THE TWO ARENT MUTUALLY CONSTITUATIVE.
(8) NEVER EVER EVER EVER EVER RUN ANYTHING IN THIS FILE IN A DABAIT. EVER.
(9) WE DIDNT USE PROPER CITATIONS HALF THE TIME. HALF OF THE RESEARCH CONTAINED HEREIN COMES
FROM AN ILLEGITIMATE SOURCE. THE OTHER HALF COMES FROM A LEGITIMATE SOURCE BUT IS USED
ILLEGITIMATELY.
(10)BY PURCHASING THE FILE THE CUSTOMER HAS AGREED NEVER TO HOLD THE WEST GEORGIA
LIBERATION FRONT2 LIABLE FOR ANYTHING EVER. WE WILL NOT FIELD ANGRY CALLS FROM YOUR
PARENTS, COACH, OR UNFORTUNATE JUDGES THAT YOU MAKE AN ASS OF YOURSELF IN FRONT OF.

2 YOU KNOW WHO WE IS.

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(11)ENJOY.
BEST 1AC EVER 1/3
-=-=-=-=-=-=WELCOME TO THE SHORES OF BLOODY LAKE MICHIGAN, THE GREAT LAKE THAT MOST LOOKS LIKE A
PHALLUS, WHERE 10,000 YEARS AGO IN A DISPLAY OF FROZEN MANIFEST DESTINY, THE ICE-AGE GLACIERS
CONDUCTED A HOLOCIDAL WAR OF PRE-IMPERIALISM AGAINST THE LIKES OF MANY KEYSTONE SPECIES
SUCH AS THE SABER TOOTHED TIGER AND THE WOOLY MAMMOTH. IT IS UPON THE BONES OF THESE
MAJESTIC, IF OFTEN MISUNDERSTOOD, CREATURES THAT THE BRICKS AND MORTAR OF NORTHWESTERN
UNIVERSITY WAS BUILT. WITHOUT THE SCREAMS OF THOSE STARVING AND FREEZING ANIMALS WE COULD
NOT ENJOY THE COMFORTS OF OUR PRIVELEGED DEBATE SETTING3. IT IS IN RECOGNITION OF THIS
FOUNDING ACT OF VIOLENCE THAT THE 1AC STANDS IN AFFIRMATION OF THE LEFT SIDE OF THE PAIRING.

-=-=-=-=-=-=<COMMENCE BRITISH VOICE>


NOW THAT THAT BULLSHIT IS OVER WITH, ITS TIME TO TALK ABOUT SPACE, AND SPATIALITY, AND THE
CONCOMITANT SPATIALIZATION OF SPACE, AND HOW THATS RELEVANT TO ALL THE SPACES THAT
ENCOMPASS OUR DABAIT-SPACE. WE ARE IN THE EPOCH OF SPACE, AND THE ANXIETY OF OUR CUBIC TIME
IS ONE OF SPACE. IN ORDER TO ACCESS ALTERITY AND INFINITE RESPECT FOR THE OTHERNESS OF THE
OTHER, WE MUST PERFORMATIVELY ENACT A PARALLEL AFFIRMATION4 OF THE SPACE INHABITED BY
OTHERNESS. THIS PROCESS UN-INAUGURATES THE CONDITIONS OF SPATIALITY THAT MAKES VIOLENCE
POSSIBLE IN THE FIRST PLACE. THE IMPETUS OF VIOLENCE IS THAT WHICH DENIES THE OTHER THEIR
SPACE, AND/OR SPATIALIZES THE OTHER INTO MARGINALIZED SPACES WHICH HAVE BEEN PRE-SCRIPTED
BY THE BUREAUCRACY-SPACE.
<END BRITISH VOICE>
THE SPATIAL COORDINATES OF OUR LIVES PRODUCE CARS, ARMORED PERSONNEL CARRIERS, LIGHT
TRUCKS, AMBULANCES, AND MONSTER TRUCKS. THE REDUCTION OF HUMAN LIFE TO SPATIALITY REACHES
ITS APOGEE IN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION, LIFE IS REDUCED TO YOUR POISTION VIS A VIS A BUS LINE, AND
THE BIOPOLITICAL CARE FOR THE POPULATION THAT ALLOWS GOVERNMENTALITY TO MAKE MEANING OF
LIFE ITSELF. THE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE OR THE GRANDFATHERED SMOKE SPEWING POWER
PLANT WOULD BE THE PROPER PLACE TO SITUATE OUR TOPIC KNOWLEGE, YET OBVIOUSLY WE DONT
REALLY CARE AT ALL ABOUT THAT SO WELL CONTINUE TO WEAVE OUR WEB OF DISINQUIRY.
IN RESPONSE TO THIS APORIA, IT IS PATENTLY OBVIOUS THAT THE MOST ETHICAL RESPONSE IS TO AFFIRM
THE TOPIC AS A HOMOTOPIA. THIS AFFIRMATION RECONFIGURES THE BALLOT-SPACE AND THE
DABAITSPACE AS A DISCURSIVE HOMOTOPIA, THAT IS, WE EXAMINE THE DISCURSIVE SPACES OF THE
TOPIC AND
THE RESOLUTION AND CONSUMPTION AND DABAIT ITSELF. HOMOTOPIAS ARE ABLE TO UNRAVEL THE
HIDDEN MEANINGS AND THE GIVENNESS OF THESE THINGS, FOR IT IS GIVENNESS, DEMARCATED
TOPOGRAPHICAL BOUNDARIES, WHICH SPATIALIZE NON-HOMOTOPIAS INTO MARGINALIZED SPACES AND
NON-SPACES VIA DISCURSIVE GENOCAUSTAL AND HOLOCIDAL IMPERIALISM.

3 PRIVELEDGES INCLUDE: WHITE, MALE, METROSEXUAL, RICHER THAN POOR PEOPLE, AND SAFE,
CLEAN NUCLEAR POWER.
4 FOR MORE INFORMATION, VISIT YOUR LOCAL LIBRARY

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ITS BASICALLY JUST LIKE THE AMISH.


THE PROBLEMATIC OF SPACE IS ALSO TIED TO THE NOTION OF PROGRESS. WHAT WE CONCIEVE OF AS
PROGRESS TIES DIRECTLY TO THE EUCLIDIAN ASSUMPTION OF A 'PERFECT' INDEPENDENCE, AT SOME
LEVEL, OF 'THINGS'. IT IS ON THE BASIS OF THIS INDEPENDENCE OF 'THINGS' THAT WE HAVE
CONSTRUCTED
THE ABSTRACT RATIONALIST NOTION OF 'CAUSALITY'. TWENTIETH CENTURY PHYSICS HAS DEMONSTRATED

BEST 1AC EVER 2/3


CONCLUSIVELY, HOWEVER, THAT SPACE IS NEITHER EUCLIDIAN NOR TIME INDEPENDENT 5; INSTEAD, THE
NON-EUCLIDIAN SPACE-TIME CONTINUUM IS A PARTICIPANT IN NATURAL PHENOMENA. THE SCIENCE OF
GEODESY, WHICH DETERMINES THE EARTHS SHAPE AND SIZE BY SURVEYS AND MATHEMATICAL
MODELING, HAS DETERMINED THAT THE EARTH IS IN FACT NOT A PERFECT SPEHERE, BUT EXHIBITS THE
ATTRIBUTES OF A GEOID. WE CAN BE SAID TO BE LIVING IN A GEOIDAL EPOCH, BECAUSE THE EARTH IS
LITERALLY EARTH SHAPED. THIS HAS BEEN CONFIRMED AS EARLY AS 247 B.C. BY THE GREEK GEOGRAPHER
ERATOSTHENES
THE FACT IS, THAT WE HAVE 'LEAKAGE' BETWEEN AND BETWIXT 'THINGS' AND THE SPACE WHICH
ENVELOPES THEM. THIS MEANS THAT OUR LINEAR EFFORTS TO REORDER AND RESTRUCTURE THINGS SO
THAT WE MIGHT 'PROGRESS' TOWARDS A DESIRED STATE CANNOT SUCCEED, BECAUSE EACH TIME WE
ATTEND TO THE NEXT ITEM ON OUR LIST, OUR ACTIONS ARE BLEEDING THROUGH THE ETHER AND
EFFECTING THOSE THINGS WE JUST ATTENDED TO IN AN UNKNOWN AND UNPREDICTABLE WAY. OUR
EFFORTS AT 'PROGRESS' ARE AKIN TO RE-ARRANGING DECK CHAIRS ON THE TITANIC.
SEEN THROUGH THE MORE REALITY-CONSISTENT LENSES OF A NON-EUCLIDIAN SPACE-TIME CONTINUUM,
WHEREIN SPACE IS A 'PARTICIPANT' ALONG WITH 'THINGS', THE REDUCTION OF LIFE TO GIVENNESS IS
REPLACED WITH A NEW WAY OF BEING IN THE WORLD; OUR FEAR OF ANTHROPIC MORTALITY IS
DECONSTRUCTED, AND THE REDUCTION OF LIFE TO THE ZERO POINT OF THE TSUNAMI 6 IS
SIMULTANEOUSLY ACHIEVED AND EXTINGUISHED.

-=-=-=-=-=-=IN ORDER TO DISCURSIVELY ACTIVATE THESE HOMOTOPIAS FROM WITHIN OUR DABAIT-O-SPHERE,
ADDRESS THE APORIAS PRESENT IN OUR CONCEPTIONS OF HETEROSPATIAL EXISTENCE, AND ADRESS THE
FASCIST AND MODERNISTIC APPROPRIATION OF PROGRESS, WE MUST ENGAGE IN A SELF-REFLEXIVE
PROCESS WITHIN OUR OWN COMING HOLY AND/OR SACRED COMMUNITY:
THE WGLF NON-COMPETITIVE PURPOSE: INCREASE MEANINGFUL PARTICIPATION OF NON-NAZIS WITHIN

5 THIS IS IN NO WAY MEANT TO DENY THE OBVIOUS FACT THAT TIME IS A CUBE WITH FOUR SIDES.
6 WED LIKE TO THANK ALL OF THE VICTIMS OF THE TRAGIC EVENTS OF THE INDIAN OCEAN
TSUNAMI FOR ALLOWING US TO UTILIZE THEIR MISERY FOR THE PURPOSES OF GETTING A FIRST
ROUND BID.

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DABAIT. WE HAVE A PEDAGOGICAL RESPONSIBILITY AS INTELLECTUALS TO TAKE A STAND AGAINST NOTNON-NAZISM. NON-NAZIS HAVE PRODUCTIVE CONTRIBUTIONS TO PRODUCTIVELY CONTRIBUTE TO
OUR ACTIVITY, ALL OF WHICH ARE NOT NAZISM. AND WE CAN ALL AGREE THAT WE CAN ALWAYS USE
LESS NAZISM. AND NAZIS.
AFFIRM THE TOPIC AS A METAPHOR FOR THIS PARTICULAR NON-COMPETITIVE PURPOSE. BECAUSE JUST
LIKE THE RESOLUTION HAS THE USFG REDUCE CONSUMPTION OF FOSSIL FUELS, OUR PURPOSE HAS THE
DABAIT COMMUNITY REDUCE NAZIS.
-=-=-=-=-=-=SO YOU MAY BE WONDERING: WHATS THE IMPACT?
IN ORDER TO UNDERSTAND WHAT NAZIS DO AND WHY THEY DO IT THE WAY THEY DO, WE MUST LOOK TO
THE BRILLIANT WORKS OF THE DABAIT COMMUNITYS OWN BRITNEY SPEARS, GIORGIO AGAMBEN. WE ALL
KNOW THAT THE CAMP IS BIOPOLITICAL, THAT HOMO SACER IS SOME ROMAN CONCEPT, AND THAT THE
SOVEREIGN BAN IS SOMETHING SERIOUS, BUT WE MUST LOOK TO THE (TRANS)POLITICAL FIGURE OF
THE ZOMBIE TO TRULY UNDERSTAND THE INDISTINCTION BETWEEN LIFE, DEATH, SPACE, TIME, AND
CONSUMPTION. JUST AS BEST 1AC EVER 3/3
ALL ROADS ONCE LEAD TO ROME, JUST AS CANADA ONLY HAS ONE ROAD, AND JUST AS SCHLAG TALKED
ABOUT THE FORK IN THE ROAD, THE FIGURE/SPECTRE OF THE ZOMBIE IS THAT WHICH MAKES POLITICS
POSSIBLE IN THE FIRST PLACE. IT IS THE ROAD WE MUST ALL TRAVEL TO UNDERSTAND THAT WHICH IS
CONSTITUTIVE OF SUBJECTIVITY ITSELF.
IMAGINE THIS SPEECH ACT AS THE FIRST SPEECH ACT IN THE COMING AGE OF POST-THOUGHT, AS AN
ARTIFACT IN THE FABRIC OF EXISTENCE, AS A REVOLUTIONARY SPEECH ACT, AND AS A STREAM OF
SIGNIFIERS LACKING SIGNIFIED. THIS SPEECH ACT IS LITERALLY THE VOICE OF BARE LIFE SPEAKING, THE
CALL OF THE OTHER, THE LANGUAGE OF THE BIRDS, AND THE PRODUCTION OF IDENTITY. THIS SPEECH
ACT IS ALSO NONE OF THOSE THINGS.
-=-=-=-=-=-=THE PROPER PHILOSOPHICAL QUESTION USED TO BE WHY IS THERE SOMETHING RATHER THAN
NOTHING? BUT GIVEN THE VICISSITUDES OF OUR POST-(UN)GLOBALIZED, HYPER-SPATIAL, ALIENATING
HUMAN CONDITION, WHERE STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE IS AS COMMON AS FLOWERS, AND 4400 STARVING
CHILDREN DIE EVERY DAY IN COUNTRIES LIKE ASIA AND HAITI AND SAUDI IRAQUIA, THE ONLY
PHILOSOPHICAL QUESTION LEFT TO ASK IS WHY IS THERE NOTHING INSTEAD OF SOMETHING?
NOTHING TO HOPE FOR
NOTHING TO CARE ABOUT
NO WAY TO BE POLITICAL
NO WAY TO BE APOLITICAL
GIVEN THIS VERITABLE STOCKPILE OF VACUOUSNESS, THE ONLY THING LEFT TO DO IS SET UP AN ETHICAL
RELATIONSHIP WITH DABAIT WHEREBY WE BECOME POST-VACUOUS. THIS MAY NOT SEEM POSSIBLE,
PROBABLE, OR COMPELLING, BUT WE ASSURE YOU IT IS REVOLUTIONARY. UTOPIAN, IMPOSSIBLE DEMANDS
ARE THE ONLY WAY TO AVOID THE PITFALLS OF A THIRD WAY IN POLITICS, ALWAYS FORCED TO CHOOSE
BETWEEN VACUOUSNESS AND MORE VACUOUSNESS. WE NEED TO DREAM THE SPECIAL DREAM AND
PRETEND WE ARE STRONG, BUT NEVER LEAVE THE COMFORTABLE CONFINES OF OUR DAILY LIVES.

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-=-=-=-=-=-=-=WE WILL NOT FORFEIT OUR RIGHT AS THE AFF TO CHOOSE THE FRAMEWORK FOR THE DABAIT, AS EMORY
AND MICHIGAN STATE HAVE STRENUOSLY ARGUED FOR MANY TIMES AGAINST US. IN RESPONSE TO THOSE
THAT WOULD INEVITABLY COMMIT GENOCIDE BY RUNNING TOPICALITY AGAINST US, WE PRESENT THE
FOLLOWING:
THE 1AC IS A CRITICISM OF HOW WE (THE ROYAL WE) RELATE TO THE RESOLUTION. THEIR FRAMEWORK IS
A SPACESHIP THAT ALSO CAN BE DESCRIBED AS A SUBMARINE WHERE THEY ENCASE THEMSELVES IN
ORDER TO MEDIATE THEIR EXPERIENCE OF THE TOPIC. LIKE A SPACESHIP THAT ALSO CAN BE DESCRIBED
AS A SUBMARINE ONLY LETS US EXPERIENCE NATURE THROUGH THE PORTHOLES OF A SPACESHIP THAT
ALSO CAN BE DESCRIBED AS A SUBMARINE WHILE SITTING IN BONG HIT INDUCED COMFORT, POLICY
DABAIT
ONLY LETS US EXPERIENCE THE TOPIC THROUGH THE WINDOW OF PREDICTABILITY WHILE SURROUNDED
BY COMFORTINGLY FAMILIAR ARGUMENTS. THEIR FRAMEWORK IS A SPACESHIP THAT ALSO CAN BE
DESCRIBED AS A SUBMARINE, AIR CONDITIONED, UNCOMFORTABLY DISSIMILAR - SECURE IS IN AN
INSECURE WORLD. WE ARE CERTAIN WHAT WE WILL FIND. THEY DON'T FEEL GUILTY BECAUSE OTHERWISE
HOW CAN THEY STAY SAFE. THIS IS AN UNPRODUCTIVE POSITION WITH THE RESOLUTION JUST LIKE THE
SEAL HUNTER COMMERCIAL. FRAMEWORK DOES VIOLENCE TO US AS SUBJECTS. LIKE DEATH WHO
ALLOWED HIMSELF TO BE INTERPOLATED BY A SPACESHIP THAT ALSO CAN BE DESCRIBED AS A
SUBMARINE THEIRS IS AN ATTEMPT TO INTERPOLATE OUR RELATIONSHIP TO THE TOPIC. VOTING NEGATIVE
LITERALLY DESTROYS OUR ABILITY TO ACT.

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OLD 1AC 1/10

WELCOME TO ATLANTA WHERE THE PLAYAZ PLAY. ITS GOOD TO BE


BACK EAST DEBUTING OUR NEW SHIT. PEEP THIS: YOU ARE NOT
DABAITING WEST GEORGIA. THIS IS A WGLF HIJAFKING.
WELL EXPLAIN OUR FRAMEWORK FOR THE DABAIT, AS IMPORTANT
AS ANY OTHER FRAMEWORK YET PICKED BY US BECAUSE WE ARE
THE AFFIRMATIVE AND ACCORDING TO EMORY WE GET TO DEFINE
OUR GROUND IN ORDER FOR US TO BE ABLE TO PREDICT WHAT
YOU ARE GONNA SAY. OUR VIEW OF DABAIT IS EXPLAINED BY
SPIRITUAL LEADER GRAND HUSTLE, THE WGLF RUBBER BAND MAN
AND INFORMATION MINISTER:
FOCUSING ON POLICY IS THE HOPE TO ALL OF OUR PRAYERS! IF ONLY WE COULD
SOMEHOW MAKE EVERYTHING CALCULABLE AND ATTEND THE THE NEEDS OF THE
POPULATION, THINGS WOULD BE JUST PEACHY KEEN. THE POLITICAL DOES NOT INCLUDE
THINKING OR PERSONAL REFUSALS. IT ONLY INCLUDES POLICIES. WE SHOULD ENGAGE IN
ROLEPLAYING AS A TRANSFORMATIVE WAY OF IMAGINING A BETTER WORLD......OR MAYBE
NOT.7
BECAUSE

GRAND HUSTLE CONTINUES...


OH MY GOD! SOMETHING BAD IS HAPPENING IN OUR BELOVED POLICY DABAIT! THE
ENCOURAGEMENT OF CRITICAL THOUGHT HAS DIRECTLY USURPED OUR FAVORITE GENOCIDAL
GAMES OF CALCULATION AND BUREAUCRATIC ROLE-PLAYING. IF ONLY WE COULD GET RID OF
THE KRITICAL ARGUMENTS (THE JEWS), WE COULD HAVE A CLEANER, MORE PRODUCTIVE DABAIT
COMMUNITY (GERMANY). IT'S SO UNFAIR TO HAVE TO JUSTIFY OUR ASSUMPTIONS. THESE
EPISTEMOLOGICAL QUESTIONS ACTUALLY HAVE NO BEARING WHATSOEVER ON ANYTHING A
"REAL POLICYMAKER" WOULD CONSIDER, SO WHY SHOULD WE? WITH ALL DUE RESPECT SCHOOFS, YOU
ARE NOT EXACTLY IN TOUCH WITH THE HEARTBEAT OF THE COMMUNITY EITHER. YOUR REVOLUTION IS OVER. THE BUMS LOST. 8

OLD 1AC 2/10

THIS RESOLUTIONS OBSESSIVE FOCUS WITH REDUCING FOSSIL


FUEL CONSUMPTION IS NOTHING MORE THAN A REPKOIAN DOUBLE
BLUFF DESIGNED TO DISTRACT US AND EXCLUDE DISCUSSIONS OF
THE FOREMOST POLITICAL QUESTION: THE LOOMING
IMP/EXPLOSION OF THE SUN. THE IRABIANS OF THE COLLEGE

7 http://cross-x.com/vb/showthread.php?s=&postid=787732#post787732
8 http://cross-x.com/vb/showthread.php?s=&threadid=46727&perpage=20&pagenumber=8

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DABAIT CIRCUIT COMPETING IN THIS SEASON-OPENING MOCKERY


MUST RECOGNIZE THE EVILS OF POLICY DABAIT (CONSTITUTED AS
SUCH). JACKPOT THE PIMP EXPLAINS OUR HARM AREA:
POLICY DABAIT (CONSTITUTED AS SUCH) CAUSES NUCLEAR GENOCIDE, INCREASES AND
DECREASES THE ECONOMY, MANIFEST DESTINY, HELL ON EARTH MASQUERADING AS
MATERIAL PARADISE, AND USED KLEENEX. IT IGNORES THE FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMATIC AND
AXIOMATIC OF OUR EXISTENCE: THE INEVITABLE NUCLEAR HOLOCIDAL IMP/EXPLOSION OF
THE SUN. NOT ATTENDING TO HOW THIS WILL AFFECT THE WORLD WILL LEAVE US SUN-LESS,
LIFE AND ENERGY WILL BE UNDONE, AND THE SUPER-INTELLEGENT DINOSAURS WILL
REEMERGE FROM THE HOLLOW EARTH CAUSING US TO NOT ATTEND TO THE TIMECUBE, THUS
SOLVING NUCLEAR WASTE PROBLEM. FAMINE LEADS TO DEHUMANIZATION, WHICH IS THE
FIFTH HORSEMAN OF THE APOCALYPSE, FAMINE IS ONE OF THE OTHER FOUR HORSEMEN OF
THE APOCALYPSE, WHICH MEANS FAMINE OUTWEIGHS ITSELF, BUT ALL OF THIS IS
OUTWEIGHED BY SOLAR UN-ONTOLOGY, WHICH MEANS SOLAR IMPLOSION OUTWEIGHS
THINGS THAT OUTWEIGH THEMSELVES. NOT VOTING ON THIS CARD LITERALLY UNDOES THE
UNIVERSE AND GREY GOO AND YELLOW GOO AND COLORBLIND GOO AND THE GOO GOO DOLLS . WE CLAIM THE
RIGHT TO A RADICAL INCOMPETENCE AS WELL AS THE ABSENCE OF A LINK. ALL OF THAT ALSO
KILLS HEGEMONY. THE GOOD KIND OF HEGEMONY, NOT THE BAD KIND. ALL DENIERS OF THIS
EVIDENCE ALSO DENY THE HOLOCAUST, WHICH LEADS TO HOLOCAUST DENIAL, THE IMPACT
BEING THE HOLOCAUST. A-TOWN DOWN.
(THIS

EVIDENCE HAS BEEN GENDER-PARAPHRASED)

OLD 1AC 3/10

AND, SCIENTISTS HAVE PROVEN THAT THE SUN WILL EXPLODE


BEFORE 2008
The Sun is overheating and will soon blow up, taking Earth and the rest of the solar system
with it.

The alert was issued after an international satellite photographed a massive


explosion on the surface of the Sun that sent a plume of fire 30 times longer
than the diameter of Earth blasting into space.
"It will blow apart like an out-of-control nuclear reactor within six years,"
predicts Dutch astrophysicist Dr. Piers Van der Meer, a top expert affiliated with
the European Space Agency.9
9 (http://www.explodingfist.com/notes/000469.php)

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AND, IF THE SUN DOESNT EXPLODE, IT WILL BE IMPLODED BY A


BLACK-HOLE ASTEROID.
The Sun is going to be impacted by a Black-hole astroid traveling at -Speed of
Light to the 9th power (thats minus SOL to the 9th).This will come from another
dimension of a fractured Universe.It will not be a part of this God's Plan.10

OLD 1AC 4/10

LYOTARD, THE GREATEST PHILOSOPHER EVER BESIDES ZIZEK,


EXPLAINS THE ULTIMATE FINITUDE THAT SOLAR IMP/EXPLOSION
PROVIDES:
. . . THE LIFE OF THE SUN. THE ANTICIPATED EXPLOSION OF THIS STAR IS THE
ONLY
CHALLENGE OBJECTIVELY POSED TO DEVELOPMENT . . . SINCE DEVELOPENT IS
THE
VERY THING WHICH TAKES AWAY THE HOPE OF AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE
SYSTEM
FROM BOTH ANALYSIS AND PRACTICE, SINCE THE POLITICS WHICH 'WE' HAVE
INHERITED FROM REVOLUTIONARY MODES OF THOUGHT AND ACTIONS NOW
TURNS
OUT TO BE REDUNDANT . . . THE QUESTION I AM RAISING HERE IS SIMPLY THIS:
WHAT
ELSE REMAINS AS 'POLITICS' EXCEPT RESISTANCE TO THIS INHUMAN? . . . WITH
THE
SUN'S DEATH YOUR INSOLUBLE QUESTIONS WILL BE DONE WITH TOO. IT'S
POSSIBLE
THEY'LL STAY UNANSWERED RIGHT UP TO THE END, FLAWLESSLY FORMULATED,
THOUGH NOW BOTH GROUNDS FOR RAISING SUCH QUESTIONS AS WELL AS THE
PLACE
TO DO THIS WILL NO LONGER EXIST . . . AFTER THE SUN'S DEATH THERE WON'T
BE A
THOUGHT TO KNOW THAT ITS DEATH TOOK PLACE. THAT, IN MY VIEW, IS THE
SOLE
SERIOUS QUESTION TO FACE HUMANITY TODAY. IN COMPARISON EVERYTHING
ELSE

10 (http://gospacewaitress.typepad.com/gate_a/2002/10/the_sun_will_ex.html)

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SEEMS INSIGNIFICANT. WARS, CONFLICTS, POLITICAL TENTION, SHIFTS IN


OPINION,
PHILOSOPHICAL DABAITS, EVEN PASSIONS - EVERYTHING'S DEAD ALREADY IF
THIS INFINITE RESERVE FROM WHICH YOU NOW DRAW ENERGY TO DEFER
ANSWERS, IF IN SHORT THOUGHT AS QUEST, DIES OUT WITH THE SUN.
[THIS CARD CAME FROM LYOTARDS BOOK THE INHUMAN, LIKE, THE FIRST
CHAPTER
OR SOMETHING. IT HAS BEEN PARAPHRASED FOR POST-VACUOUSNESS.]
OLD 1AC 5/10

SCHIZOBSERVATION PI : THE COMING HISTORICAL CRISIS OF THE


FUTUREPAST IN FOUR SIMULTANEOUS DAYS:
NATURES HARMONIC SYMMETRY DICTATES THAT TIME IS A CUBE
WITH FOUR SIDES: ONLY WGLF AND TIMECUBE KNOWLEDGE CAN
TRANSGRESS REAL FASCISM THAT EXISTS PRE-FIAT. THE TIMECUBE
EXPLAINED IN 2K4:
THE TIMECUBE WOULD LIKE TO FIRST APOLOGIZE...FOR NOT GETTING HERE SOONER
PERSONAL ATTACKS AGAINST THE TIMECUBE ARE JUST ACADEMIA'S DENIAL OF THE FOUR
SIMULTANEUS
DAYS IN ONE 24 HOUR SPAN. THE GHETTO PREP'S COMMENT ABOUT PAIN THE TIMECUBE CAUSES IS A
LIE USED
TO JUSTIFY THE DENIAL OF THE FOUR SIMULATANEUS DAYS AND ALSO TO PREVENT ANY TRUE DEBAIT. THE
WGLF AND TIMECUBE CHALLENGE ANYONE TO A DEBATE BUT YET THE GHETTO PREP REFUSES AS THEY
ARE AFRAID AND AS GENE RAY CLARIFIES "EVIL AND STUPID"
THE GHETTO PREP HAS YET TO BRING ANY EVIDENCE THAT IN FACT THE CURRENT ACADEMIC WORLDVIEW
IS NOT UNFALSE.
I WILL REREPLY IN MY ORIGINAL FUTURE POST WITH THE WGLF'S CALL FOR REINVASION OF THE
NORTHEAST FORUM UNLESS YOU CONCEED TO DEBAIT THE TIMECUBE
FURTHER--ALL EVIL ATTACKS AGAINST THE TIMECUBE ARE ALSO VOID OF ANY ATTEMPT TO
ADRESS ONE OF THE FOREMOST IMPORTANT ISSUES OF OUR DAY--THE INEVITABLE
IMP/EXPLOSION OF THE SUN. PLEASE REFER TO AN EARLIER POST BY WGLF ON THIS MATTER. YOUR
DENIAL OR FAILURE TO RECOGNIZE THIS INEVITABILITY MAKES YOU COMPLICIT IN IT.
DownWithWGLF'S BLATANT UNREFOUNDED ATTACK AGAINST/FOR THE WGLF MAKES THEM COMPLICIT IN
THE
INEVITABLE IMP/EXPLOSION OF THE SUN. WE HAVE A FEW ARGUMENTS TO THE DOWN(ER)S RESPONSES/
DOWNER CAUSES GENOCAUST OF FOUR SMALL PUPPIES IN THEIR DENIAL OF THE TIMECUBE. THEIR CLAIM
THAT IT IS MERELY A CONSTRUCTION IMPLIES COMPLICITY IN THE EXTINCTION THAT WILL COME OF IT--TO
QUOTE THE WISEST MAN OF THE CENTURY GENE RAY-- EVIL EDUCATORS TEACH DUMB STUDENTS
HOW TO
PROFIT FROM PLUNDER OF EARTH AND TO CREATE DEADLY NUCLEAR WASTE THAT WILL
POISON THE
CHILDREN'S WATER AND DESTROY HUMANITY. BOTH EDUCATOR AND STUPID STUDENT MUST BE

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CONDEMNED. TIS TIME TO BAN ANY EDUCATOR WHO DOES NOT TEACH CUBICISM ABOVE
CUBELESSNESS. TO SAVE HUMANITY FROM EXTINCTION, LIKE PRIOR CIVILIZATIONS PERISHED,
YOUTH MUST REDIRECT SELFTEACHERS, OR SHACKLE THEM.
YOUR ZULU ARGUMENT RE-DISENFRANCHISES THEM YOU UN/RE/VICTIMIZE. THIS MAKES YOU COMPLICIT.
THE
NEW ORWELLIAN IS THE DENIAL OF THE TIMECUBE. THE 23RD DIMENSION IS A CREATION TO AVOID THE
DEBAIT OVER TIMECUBE AND THE SUN. IN FACT "ALL CREATION ON EARTH EXISTS BETWEEN THE 2
OPPOSITE POLES, AND IF UNIFIED, WOULD CANCEL AND CEASE TO EXIST.
HUMANS EXIST ONLY AS OPPOSITES - WITH A ZERO VALUE, FOR IF UNIFIED, MALE AND FEMALE
WOULD COUNTER EACH OTHER & CEASE TO EXIST.

OLD 1AC 6/10


ALSO THE LEARNING TRIAL IS A MERE DENIAL OF THE 4TH SIMULTANEUS DAY OF OUR UNNONEXISTENCE IN THE
HYPER(TERMPORAL)REAL OF THE FUTUREPAST BIATCHES
THE TIMECUBE IS REAL
THERE IS NO DATA TO PROVE OTHERWISE
THERE ARE FOUR CORNERS IN A ROOM
FOUR LIMBS ON A BODY
FOUR SEASONS IN A YEAR
SIXTEEN DIVIDED BY FOUR IS FOUR
FOUR TIMES FOUR IS SIXTEEN
64 IS BETTER THAN 60
YOUR HEAD IS A CUBE--FOUR CORNERS
A TOP AND A BOTTOM ARE NOT A SIDE
ALL OF THIS IN UNREFUTABLE
YOUR DENIAL AND REFUSAL TO DEBAIT THE TIMECUBE MAKE U COMPLICIT IN ALL OF OUR EXTINCTIONS. YOUR ATTACKS ARE THE
WORD OF THE ORWELLIAN ACADEMIA SEEKING TO KEEP CHURCH IN THE UBERSTATE
ALL CLOCKS ARE WRONG
SECULARISM IS THE WORD
ON TO IMPACT
TIMECUBE REUNDISENFRANCISES WHICH MULTI-TRAVERSES YOUR COUNTERWARRANT TO OTHERWISE. DOUCH.
ACADEMIC CONTROLS AND TEACHES YOUTH TO OBEY THE TIME LAW AND ORWELLIAN WORD. YOU ARE BUNK AND VOID LIKE MY
LIBRARY CARD IF INFACT LIBRARY EXISTS MUCH LIKE THE UN/RE EXISTENT TOC. KOOL AID AND THE TOKENS THAT FOLLOW IT
ARE PART OF THE DENIAL OF THE TIME CUBE. KOOL AID MAN IS REALLY A BOX WITH FOUR CORNERS. HE IS FOUR
QUADRANTS EACH WITH A SIMULTANEUS DAY. ALL FAMOUS DEATHS WE DENY, THEIR DEATH IS INEVITABLE BECAUSE OF
YOUR DENIAL AND YOUR THREAT IS USED TO JUSTIFY FURTHER COMPLICITY
THE G-HE-TTO IS AFRAID TO INFACT CHALLENGE TIMECUBE OR WGLF. THEY ASK OTHERS TO REUNENGAGE IN THIS DABAIT
WHILE SIMULTANEUSLY RETURNING TO A STATE OF DENIAL. THE G-HEHE-TOOOOO IS COMPLICIT IN THE NUCLEAR WASTE DUMPING
THE DENIAL CAUSES. ALL INDICTS OF GENE RAY ARE SLANDER TO PREVENT US FROM DABAITING THE TIMECUBE BECAUSE YOU ARE
AFRAID. YOU HAVE PRESENTED NO WARRANTS FOR YOUR TRUTH CLAIM.
ACADEMIA TEACHES LIKE A 1-CORNER CREATION AND LIFE PRINCIPLE, WHEREAS THE TIMECUBE PRINCIPLE HAS A 4X4 ROTATION
LIFE PRINCIPLE.11

11 http://cross-x.com/vb/showthread.php?s=&threadid=938639

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OLD 1AC 7/10

ERGO THE FOLLOWING UNSTABLE SUBTEXTUAL TEXT OF


OUR DEFINITE COURSE OF ANTITHETICAL
COUNTERFACTUAL TOPICAL KNOWLEGE: THE REAGAN
ADMINISTRATION SHOULD HAVE ENACTED AN ENERGY
POLICY TO EFFECTUALLY DEAL WITH THE FOSSIL FUELS BY
HARNESSING THE POWER OF DONALD RUMSFELDS SEXUAL
ENERGY AND STUFF BY 2012 WHILE ADDRESSING THE
FOREMOST POLITICAL QUESTION OF THE IMP/EXPLOSION
OF THE SUN. WE REVERSE THE ANTI-RIGHT TO UNCLARIFY
NEGATIVE INTENT. ONLY UN-NEW ANSWERS IN THE 1NC
BECAUSE THE 1AC IS WHERE WE MAKE STRATEGIC
DECISONS ABOUT WHICH 1AC TO NOT RUN IN THE DABAIT.

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OLD 1AC 8/10

SCHIZOBSERVATION THREE: THE SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM (WE


ASSUME SPANOS)
RUMSFELDS SEXUAL ENERGY COULD REPLACE FOSSIL FUELS.
THERE HAVE BEEN RECENT REPORTS, FROM PENTAGON
CUSTODIANS, OF MOSITENED SEAT CUSHIONS FOLLOWING DONALD
RUMSFELDS PRESS BRIEFINGS...
YOU CAN TELL HOW MUCH A MAN CARES ABOUT A WOMANS
SEXUAL NEEDS WHEN HES FASTIDIOUS IN HIS PERSONAL
HYGIENE, AND THEY DONT COME MUCH CLEANER THAN DONALD
RUMSFELD. HE HAS AN ANTISEPTIC SHEEN....A WOMAN CAN
EASILY IMAGINE RUNNING HER FINGERS THROUGH THAT HAIR,
INSERTING HER TONGUE INTO THOSE EARS AND NOSE AND WHO
KNOWS WHERE ELSE, WITHOUT HER FINGERS AND MOUTH
BECOMING ENCRUSTED WITH DANDRUFF AND MUCUS....
IN FACT, RUMSFELDS HAIR IS THE THIRD LARGEST OIL RESERVE
IN THE UNITED STATES... ACCORDING TO JOINT RESEARCH BY THE
HERITAGE FOUNDATION AND KINSEY INSTITUTE, 97 PERCENT OF
REGISTERED REPUBLICAN WOMEN AND 86 PERCENT OF
REPUBLICAN MEN REGULARLY ENTERTAIN SEXUAL FANTASIES
INVOLVING DONALD RUMSFELD...
REPUBLICAN MEN OF ALL AGES ARE THREE TIMES MORE LIKELY TO
THINK OF DONALD RUMSFELDS NAKED PHYSIQUE THEN OF
LEGENDARY NUDE PHOTOGRAPHS OF ANN COULTER AND THE
DONKEY...
THE QUESTION IS, DOES DONALD RUMSFELD HAVE TIME TO BE
TENDER? THE ANSWER IS, HE HAS NO USE FOR TENDERNESS. AS A
COLLEGE ATHLETE, RUMSFELD LEARNED THE WRESTLERS TRICK OF
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SUCKING HIS TESTICLES UP INTO HIS LOWER ABDOMEN, AND THEN


APPLYING A TIGHT TRUSS. ON THE MATS, RUMSFELD NEVER
SUFFERED ANY TESTICULAR DAMAGE...
OLD 1AC 9/10

THIS SIMMERING SEXUAL ENERGY, MULTIPLIED BY THE HORDES OF


LUSTFUL ADMIRERS WHO EXUDE IT, IS ABSORBED BY RUMSFELD
AND
FUELS THE PERPETUAL ENGINE OF HIS MILITARY GENIUS. IF WE
COULD TAP
INTO THIS INCREDIBLE POWER THAT EMANATES FROM THE
RUMROD, WE
WOULD NEVER HAVE TO FILL UP OUR CARS AND ARMORED
PERSONNEL
CARRIERS WITH GASOLINE AGAIN.12

12 MIKE LOWE AND JOE GARDEN, CITIZEN YOU, P 73-74

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OLD 1AC 10/10

THE UNDERVIEW: PUT AWAY YOUR 1NC: WE WILL START THE INDICT
DABAIT IN THE 1AC. FIRST NOTE THAT THIS IS WHAT DUMBASSES
SAY:
WE HATE THE WGLF. NO ONE CAN UNDERSTAND THEM. THEY THINK THEY ARE SOOO FUNNY
AND SMART, BUT THEY ARE REALLY STOOPID. THEY'RE ALWAYS TALKING ABOUT THE SUN AND
CRAP THAT WE THINK IS IRRELEVANT. GOD I WISH THE MODS WOULD BAN THEM FOREVER. I AM
ALL ABOUT FREE SPEECH, SO LONG AS I UNDERSTAND WHAT THEY ARE SAYING AND AGREE
WITH IT. BEING A NAZI IS HARD.13

ADDITIONALLY, THE WGLF IS MORE QUALIFIED THAN YOUR THINK


TANK PEOPLE AND OTHER MISCELLANEOUS DOUCHES:
WE WERE BORN IN 1472 IN WHAT IS NOW THE ATL. WE HAVE BEEN TRANSCENDENTAL SPIRITS SINCE WE
DISCOVERED THE SHAMANIC TRADITIONS OF CENTRAL AMERICA IN THE LATE 1600'S. WE BUILT A TEMPLE
AND
HAVE A SOCIETY THAT NOW NUMBERS 100, 000. WE ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE 2 DOLLAR BILL AND TV
DINNERS. WE HAVE RECENTLY CHOSEN THE DABAIT COMMUNITY AS OUR SPECIAL PROJECT BECAUSE YOU
ALL
ARE DUMBASSES AND WE ARE MUCH SMARTER THAN YOU. WE HAVE BEEN WORKING ON THE LOOMING
PROBLEM OF SOLAR IMP/EXPLOSIONS SINCE THE LATE 40'S WHEN ROGER RABBIT BROUGHT IT TO OUR
ATTENTION. WE HAVE BEEN AWARE OF THE SUPER INTELLIGENT DINOSAURS SINCE THE LATE 1800'S, BUT
OUR
INITIAL ATTEMPTS TO GENERATE PUBLIC AWARENESS HAVE FALLEN ON DEAF EARS. WE BELEIVE IN
NOTHING
LEBOWSKI. WE ARE SCHIZO-DE(DICHOT)OMIZERS AND WE ARE PRO-CHOICE. WE THINK THE MODS IN
HERE ARE
MAINLY NAZIS, AND WE THINK THAT THE WOLF-DEMON TRIBE IS BETTER THAN THE BIRDS OF PARADISE.
WE
SUPPORTED THE IRAQ WAR, BUT ONLY BECAUSE WE PLAN ON TAKING THE OIL FOR OURSELVES SOMEDAY.
WE
THINK THE EUROPE TOPIC SUCKED AND THAT THE NDT DOESN'T EXIST PRIOR TO LANGUAGE. WE HAVE
JUDGED
OCEAN POLICY AND EVEN TAUGHT AT DEBATE CAMPS, BUT WE THINK IT IS A WASTE OF TIME TO TALK
ABOUT
THE OCEAN WHEN THE SUN'S INEVITABLE IMP/EXPLOSION WILL RENDER IT EVAPORATED. WE BELEIVE IN
ALLAH, BUDDHA, AND JOE, BUT NOT YAWEH, KRISHNA, OR BEELZEBUB. WE ATE MEDITERRANEAN FOOD
TONIGHT, BUT RESERVE THE RIGHT TO CLARIFY OUR INTENT (THROUGH OPTIMAL MEANS) GAY MARRIAGE
IS A CIVIL RIGHT; HETERO MARRAIGE ISN'T. THE NATIONAL DEBT IS A CRIME AND A FICTION AT THE SAME
TIME.
WE BELEIVE THAT CAPITAL IS THE REAL, AND WE ARE NIETHER INTERPASSIVE NOR ULTRAPASSIVE. WE
STAND
IN FOR THE UNIVERSAL YET THRIVE ON THE PARTICULAR. WE ARE NOT MARXISTS, BUT MURXISTS,
BECAUSE
ALL MARXISTS ARE COMMIES. WE RESERVE THE RIGHT TO A RADICAL INCOMPETANCE AS WELL AS THE

13 http://cross-x.com/vb/showthread.php?s=&postid=785735#post785735

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ABSCENCE OF A LINK. TIME IS A CUBE WITH FOUR SIDES. BUSH IS ROBOT. HAVE YOU SPECIFIED WHETHER
OR
NOT ROBOTS WORSHIP GOD OR THEIR CREATORS POST PLAN? FIAT IS ILLUSORY. DABAIT IS ILLUSORY. YOU
DON'T EXIST. WE DON'T EXIST. NOT PRIOR TO LANGUAGE AT LEAST. HAVE YOU CHECKED YOUR LIBIDINAL
INVESTMENTS TODAY? IF WE TOLD YOU A VOLCANO IS COMING, WOULD YOU BUY INSURANCE FOR IT? IS
YOUR
PLAN MORE LIKE A PRETZEL OR SOMETHING THAT CAUSES NUCLEAR WAR? WE ARE HACKURZ. WE HAVE
MAD
TORJAN VIRII. THE ZIONISTS ARE BEHIND THIS. AL GORE AND THE JEWS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR SARS. WE
TAKE
NO PRISONERS. WE PRISONERS NO TAKE. CROSS EX IS NEITHER BINDING NOR LIBERATING. CAN VOTING
ISSUES
REALLY VOTE? HOW COME FLORIDIANS CAN'T THEN? WHY ARE YOU SCREAMING AT ME? WHY CAN'T WE
ALL
JUST GET ALONG? WHY SHOULD WE ALL GET ALONG? ANTAGONISM IS CONSTITUTIVE OF EXISTENCE AS
SUBJECTS IN LANGUAGE. WHY DON'T YOU SUTURE OUR LACK? WE TRAVERSE ALL FANTASIES EXCEPT THE
ONES WE HAVE ABOUT MANGOES AND WINNING IN THE DOUBLES. WE WOULD EAT BABIES AND PUPPIES IF
IT CAME DOWN TO IT. WE WOULDN'T EAT SEAFOOD IF IT WOULD STOP THE SUN FROM EXPLODING. WE
PREDICT AN EARTHQUAKE, MAGNITUDE 9.2, TO HIT SAN JOSE ON WEDNESDAY. WE THINK BIRDS ARE NOT
DESCENDED FROM DINOSAURS. WE ARE THE HYPNOTOAD AND THE CENTIPEDE LORDES. 14

14 http://cross-x.com/vb/showthread.php?s=&threadid=938582&highlight=TWO+DOLLAR+BILL

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2AC COUNTER-INTERPRETATION
COUNTER INTERPRETATION: IN ORDER TO WIN, THEY MUST BEAT US IN SUPER NINTENDO.
OUR INTERPRETATION IS BEST:
1) GROUND: THERE ARE MANY DIVERSE SUPER NINTENDO GAMES, EACH OF WHICH IS A STABLE
HISTORICAL ARTIFACT
2)HAND EYE COORDINATION: SCIENCE HAS SHOWN THAT VIDEO GAMES INCREASE HAND EYE
COORDINATION.
3)EDUCATION: SUPER NINTENDO TEACHES US ABOUT MAGIC, FLYING SORCERORS, AND ENDLESS QUESTS
TO SAVE GIRLFRIENDS.
4)LIMITS: SUPER NINTENDO NO LONGER MAKES GAMES, THIS IS THE DEFINITION OF A LIMIT.

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1AR: SUPER NINTENDO


EXTEND THE SUPER NINTENDO COUNTERINTERPRETATION: GROUP THEIR ARGUMENTS. THIS
INTERPRETATION IS NO LESS ARBITRARY THAN THEIR CALLS TO HAVE A LITERAL, STABLE, AFFIRMATION OF
THE TOPIC. EXTEND THE 2AC SCHLAG EVIDENCE: LANGUAGE IS NOT A NEUTRAL CONDUIT FOR THOUGHT,
THERE IS NO COMMUNAL, LITERAL INTERPRETATION OF THE TOPIC- THIS MAKES ALL OF THEIR
PREDICTABILITY & EDUCATION CLAIMS SUSPECT, BECAUSE OF THE IMPOSSIBILITY OF THE PRECISION THAT
THEY CLAIM THEIR INTERPRETATION UTILIZES.

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AT: SWITCH SIDE DABAIT


JUST BECAUSE WE CAN RUN SOMETHING ON THE NEGATIVE TOO DOESNT MEAN WEVE COMITTED A
CRIME.
SWITCH SIDE DEBATE IS ALWAYS POSSIBLE WITHIN ANY DEBATE FRAMEWORK, IF THEY ARE A BIT
CREATIVE. THERE IS NOTHING INTRINSIC TO DEBATING GOVERNMENT POLICY THAT GENERATES SWITCH
SIDE DEBATE.
THEIR EVIDENCE IS EITHER OLD (MUIR) OR WRITTEN BY THE LAST 15% OF OUR COMMUNITY WHO BELIEVE
THAT THE ONLY THING WE SHOULD TALK ABOUT IS WHAT THE GOVERNEMENT SHOULD OR SHOULD NOT
DO. 30 YEARS AGO PEOPLE SAID SWITCH SIDE GOOD TO COUNTERPLANS.
THERE IS NO IMPACT TO THE VACUOUS ALL-PURPOSE GOOD THINGS THAT SWITCHING SIDES SUPPOSEDLY
PRODUCES, TOLERANCE, LESS DOGMATISM, ETC ARE ALL LITERALLY MEANINGLESS.
TURN: WERE NOT SAYING ALL DEBATE ROUNDS EVER MUST BE LIKE THIS ONE. THE ONLY NONTOLERANT, NON-DOGMATIC MOVE IS TO DESCRIBE DEBATE IN THE ZERO-SUM WAY THEY DO. IF FOR THIS
ONE ROUND, WE HAVE PRODUCED AN EDUCATIONAL DISCUSSION, YOU SHOULD VOTE AFF.
THERE ARE UNIQUE REASONS WHY THIS SHOULD BE RUN ON THE AFF:
THE MOSSIMAN EVIDENCE ON TRANSGRESSION DEMONSTRATES THAT TRANSGRESSION CAN ONLY OCCUR
WHEN THERE IS AN EXPLICIT PROHIBITION AGAINST THE TRANSGRESSIVE ACT, ALA A BAN ON AFFS NOT
DEALING WITH THE TOPIC
THE TOPIC ITSELF IS IMPOSSIBLE: THE IDEA THAT THE BUSH/CHENEY ADMINISTRATION WOULD EVER DO
MEANINGFUL FOSSIL FUEL CUTS IS PURE FANTASY. AFFS MUST BE ABLE TO REJECT THE LITERAL,
GOVERNMENTAL FOCUS IN ORDER TO DEMONSTRATE THIS FOOLISHNESS.

2AC:FRAMEWORK
NO SPILLOVER INTO OTHER DEBATES- THERE IS NO REASON ALL OTHER DEBATES MUST OPERATE FROM
WITHIN ONE FRAMEWORK. THE IDEA THAT SOMEHOW WELL EVENTUALLY COME TO THIS IS STUPID. IF
WE HAVE PROVEN AN EDUCATIONAL BENEFIT TO WHAT WE HAVE DONE IN OUR AFF SPEECHES, YOU
SHOULD VOTE AFF.
ALL OF THEIR ABUSE CLAIMS ARE ULTIMATELY SELF-SERVING- THE EXTREME EXAMPLES OF AFFS THAT
JUST SAY RACISM OR SEXISM BAD DONT APPLY- OUR ARGUMENT IS ULTIMATELY ENGAGIBLE IN BOTH
FORM AND CONTENT- THEY CAN CRITICIZE HUMOROUS/PARODIC APPROACHES TO POLITICS, DEFEND
POLICYMAKING, AND WHATEVER ELSE THEY CAN COME UP WITH. ALL OF THIS ALSO DEMONSTRATES THE
INEVITABILITY OF SWITCH SIDE DEBATE.

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PARTICIPATION IN DEBATE
THE CLAIM THAT PEOPLE WILL JUST LEAVE THE ACTIVITY IS UNVERIFIABLE. JUST BECAUSE DEBATE
NUMBERS ARE DOWN DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE APPROPRIATE SCAPEGOAT IS THE PROLIFERATION OF
CRITICAL ARGUMENTS. WELL BE WILLING TO WAGER THAT NO ONE IS GOING TO QUIT AFTER THIS
DEBATE BECAUSE OF THE RESULT OF THIS FRAMEWORK DEBATE BEING CONCLUDED ONE WAY OR
ANOTHER.
THIS MEANS IT ALL COMES DOWN TO EDUCATION WHICH IS THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF ALL TOPICALITY
IMPACTS. FAIR DEBATES BREED BETTER EDUCATION, GROUND IS KEY TO HAVE A BALANCED,
EDUCATIONAL DEBATE, ETC. THESE ARE ALL CLAIMS THAT THE 2NR WILL LIKELY SPOUT OFF EVERYWHERE.
THIS MEANS WE GET TO WEIGH THE EDUCATIONAL BENEFITS OF THE 1ACS METHODOLOGY CLAIMS AND
THE IMPACT TURNS WE READ TO PRETENDING TO BE THE GOVERNMENT AND POLICING ACADEMIC
BOUNDARIES.
THERE IS NO IMPACT TO PARTICIPATION IF IT RESULTS IN A DISTORTED, BANKRUPT UNDERSTANDING OF
HOW TO CHANGE THE WORLD OR BE POLITICAL. IN ORDER FOR IT TO MATTER THAT DEBATE IS MORE
ACCESIBLE, THEY MUST PROVE THAT THE TOPIC THEY FORCE US TO DEBATE IS BENEFICIAL.

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2AR STUFF
STRAIGHT UP TOPICALITY DEBATES ABOUT THE NUANCES OF SEMANTIC INTERPRETATIONS
FUNDAMENTALLY MISS THE POINT TO OUR AFF. THE TYPE OF EDUCATION THEIR INTERPRETATION
SECURES IS ONE THAT IS POLITICALLY STAGNANT AND LEAVES US DEBATERS, THE SO-CALLED FUTURE
LEADERS OF THE WORLD, WITH NO HOPE FOR MEANINGFUL EDUCATION OR POLITICAL CHANGE.
ALL OF THEIR EVIDENCE (HABERMAS, MUIR,PARCHER, ETC) ARE ALL ANSWERED BY OUR SCHLAG AND
GRUPPE EVIDENCE. THE NEUTRAL, COMMUNICATIVE MODEL IS BANKRUPT. IT IS NOT ABLE TO KEEP UP
WITH THE PROLIFERATION OF MEDIA DISCOURSE AND THE THE BUSH ADMINISTRATIONS SPINSTERS.
NONE
OF THEIR EVIDENCE ASSUMES THIS POSTMODERN CONDITION OF COMMUNICATION IN WHICH STRAIGHT
FORWARD DELIVERANCE OF COUNTER DEMANDS THROUGH NORMAL COMMUNICATIVE AND POLITICAL
CHANNELS PRODUCES COUNTLESS COPIES OF JOHN KERRY. THEIR ASSERTIONS ABOUT NOT BEING ABLE
TO COUNTER THE RIGHTS INFLUENCE IN POLITICS ARE DESCRIPTIVE OF EXACTLY WHAT OCCURS WHEN
WE TRICK OURSELVES INTO THINKING THAT THE OLD APPROACHES TO POLITICAL ACTION ARE SUFFICIENT.
THE PROBLEM IS THAT THE POLICTICAL HAS ALREADY BEEN CEDED TO THE RIGHT, AND THEY HAVE NO
WAY TO COUNTER IT.

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CLAUDE EVIDENCE
THEIR INTERPRETATION OF FIAT ENDORSES AN IMPOVERSHED VIEW OF THE STATE BY
PORTRAYING IT AS
A HOMOGENOUS ENTITY CAPABLE OF ACTING IN PREDICTABLE, RATIONAL WAYS. THIS
NEGLECTS THAT THE STATE IS COMPRISED OF A MULTITUDE OF PERSONALITIES WITH
COMPETING INSTITUTIONAL PRIORITIES AND GOALS.
Claude, 88 (Prof. of Gov. and Foreign Affairs, U of VA, States and the Global System, p. 18)
This view of the state as an institutional monolith is fostered by the notion of sovereignty, which calls up the image of the
monarch, presiding majestically over his

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Sovereignty emphasizes the singularity of the state , its


monopoly of authority, its unity of command and its capacity to speak
with one voice. Thus, France wills, Iran demands, China
intends, New Zealand promises and the Soviet Union
insists. One all too easily conjures up the picture of a
single-minded and purposeful state that decides exactly
what it wants to achieve, adopts coherent policies
intelligently adapted to its objectives, knows what it is
doing, does what it intends and always has its act
together. This view of the state is reinforced by political
scientists emphasis upon the concept of policy and upon the
thesis that governments derive policy from calculations of national
interest. We thus take it for granted that states act
internationally in accordance with rationality conceived
and consciously constructed schemes of action, and we
implicitly refuse to consider the possibility that
alternatives to policy-directed behavior may have
importance alternatives such as random, reactive, instinctual,
habitual and conformist behaviour. Our rationalistic assumption
that states do what they have planned to do tends to inhibit the
discovery that states sometimes do what they feel compelled to
do, or what they have the opportunity to do, or what they have
usually done, or what other states are doing, or whatever the line
of least resistance would seem to suggest.
kingdom.

Academic preoccupation with the making of policy is accompanied by academic


neglect of the execution of policy. We seem to assume that once the state has
calculated its interest and contrived a policy to further that interest, the carrying out
of policy is the virtually automatic result of the routine functioning of the
bureaucratic mechanism of the state. I am inclined to call this the Genesis theory of public
administration, taking as my text the passage: And God said, Let there be light; and there was
light. I suspect that in the realm of government, policy execution rarely follows so promptly and
inexorably from policy statement. Alternatively, one may dub it the Pooh-Bah/Ko-Ko theory, honouring those
denizens of William S. Gilberts Japan who took the position that when the Mikado ordered that something be done it was as good as
done and might as well be declared to have been done.

CLAUDE OVERVIEW

EXTEND THE 2AC CLAUDE EVIDENCE- THEIR CONCEPTION OF FIAT HOMOGENIZES THE STATE, IGNORING
THE MYRIAD OF PERSONALITIES THAT OPERATE THE APPARATUS KNOWN AS THE USFG. THIS
PREOCCUPATION WITH THE MAKING OF POLICY RATHER THAN THE EXECUTION OF POLICY SERVES TO

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IMPOVERSH OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE WAY POLITICS OPERATES. FIAT ONLY SERVES TO JUSTIFY THIS
APPROACH BY WISHING AWAY THE HARD QUESTIONS OF POLICY EXECUTION. THE USFG ACTS, FUNDING IS
GUARANTEED, AND THE NEG GETS A POLITICS LINK AND THE COURTS COUNTERPLAN. THIS SHALLOW
EXAMINATION OF THE WAY POLICY OUTCOMES ACTUALLY HAPPEN TURNS THEIR EDUCATION CLAIMS INTO
REASONS TO VOTE FOR US.

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2AC: FRAMEWORK
THEIR CALL FOR A COMMON, LITERAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE TOPIC RELIES UPON A NORMATIVE VIEW OF
COMMUNICATION THAT PRESUPPOSES LANGUAGE AS A NEUTRAL CONDUIT OF THOUGHT. THIS LARGELY
IGNORES THE REALITY THAT MUCH OF COMMUNICATION IS INEFFECTIVE.
SCHLAG IN 1990 (43 STAN. L.R.)
One answer is that normative legal thought conceives of its own linguistic situation in just this problematic
manner: getting its message across. Normative legal thought establishes and sees itself as
transmitting important substance through already existing, relatively unobstructed channels of legal
communication. This conception of language as an empty, neutral, already extant conduit for thought is
itself linguistically embedded in our metaphorical understanding of language.
Unfortunately, as Reddy demonstrates, this conception greatly overestimates the possibility of successful
communication and greatly underestimates the need for active intervention on the part of the
participants in constructing communication

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SO-CALLED 2AC TOPICALITY RANT 1/2


YOU HAVE ALL TAKEN DA BAIT. TOPICALITY IS THE EQUIVALENT OF THE SOVEREIGN BAN, BIOPOLITICAL
AUTHORITY, LOSS OF BEING AND A REVERSE VOTING ISSUE FOR REASONS OF GIGADEATH AND
STOOPIDITY. THE NEGATIVE TEAM HAS ONCE AGAIN REJECTED THE CREATIVITY AND KNOWLEDGE
PROVIDED BY THE 1AC IN A VAIN ATTEMPT TO SECURE SECURITY FOR THEMSELVES VIA THE NORMS OF
THE TOPIC AND SO-CALLED FAIR AND PREDICTABLE GROUND. FAIR AND PREDICTABLE FOR WHOM?
NAZIS, PROBABLY SINCE THEY HAD RESOLUTIONS AND FAIR DIVISIONS OF GROUND BETWEEN THEMSELVES
AND THE JEWS. GEORGE BUSH INVADED IRAQ TO PRESERVE PREDICTABILITY AND FAIRNESS FOR THE
AMERICANS. DICTIONARY.COM, EVEN BEING THE LINGUISTIC FASCISTS THEY ARE, DEFINES TOPICAL AS:
CURRENTLY OF INTEREST OR COMTEMPORARY. OUR LYOTARD EVIDENCE AND OUR WGLF CRITICISMS BOTH
PROVE THE FOREMOST POLITICAL QUESTION IS NOT ENERGY POLICY, BUT THE LOOMING IMP/EXPLOSION
OF THE SUN: SHOULDNT DABAIT THEN FOCUS ON THIS TOPIC INSTEAD OF SOME WEAK
ASS FOSSILS SHIT? IF ALL OF THEIR EDUCATION CLAIMS ARE TRUE AND DABAIT IS SUPPOSED TO BE
ABOUT PREPARING OURSELVES TO SOLVE REAL PROBLEMS, THEN WHY SHOULDNT WE FOCUS ON THE
LOOMING
IMP/EXPLOSION OF THE SUN. IN FACT, THEY SHOULD LOSE THIS SO-CALLED DABAIT BECAUSE THEY ARE
NOT PREPARED TO BE FUTURE POLICYMAKERS, BECAUSE POLICYMAKERS IN THE FUTUREPAST WILL
RECOGNIZE THE FORESIGHT OUR CRITICISM ENTAILS. WHAT HAS THIS ACTIVITY PREPARED US FOR IF WE
CANT TAKE THE UNEXPECTED LINE OF ARGUMENTATION AND CONSTRUCT ANSWERS TO IT? THE
NEGATIVE SHOULD LOSE FOR MAKING IT TO A SO-CALLED ROUND ROBBIN AND FORGETTING ANY
CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS. WE HAVE ALWAYS ALREADY CRITICIZED THE TYPES OF AFFIRMATIVES THEY
WANT US TO RUN AS BEING INEXTRICABLY EVIL. THE GENOCIDAL CALCULATIONS AND BUREAUCRATIC
ROLEPLAYING THAT ARE NECESSITATED BY THEIR CLAIMS OF US HAVING TO HAVE A REAL PLAN THAT
DEALS WITH THE ENERGY AND OTHER CRAP IS EXACTLY THE THING OUR FIRST SPEECH INDICTS. ANDY
ELLIS OUTLINES OUR CRITICISM OF POLICY DABAIT:
3)Lets make this argument perfectly clear too, its not just ok to be like
i wanna work on the hill or i wanna work in the washington think tank
establishment any more than its ok to be all like well i dont like the
third reich but that internship a the chancelors asitant is a good
carreer move, people wont say this because we are all supposed to be
civil in this activity but what many of the community members use
debate as preperation for is preperation for a kind of thinking
that has left millions of dead bodies scattered here and
around the world. When people say well i do this because i
wanna be a congressman so i have to have traditional debate
so i can prepare i say see you dont know how right you are,
my experience with much actual policy making is
that it is a lot like traditional deate, decisons made in a
hermeticly sealed insular context free from public
participation and input in which the bodies of those most
effected by the decsion are wielded entirely out of their
control, decisons are always played out ona gameboard and
made in a calculative way, much like debates most of the real
policymaking is made by privilaged white males in closed door
settings, much like traditional debate a discourse of expertise
is utilized to exclude anybody who doesnt know the language,
so yes debate is preaprtion for the policy making process, but
instead of a reason why to keep going its a reason to take
action to intervene against the genocidal condensation that
exists within the preperatory pedagigy that
jake and a bunch of other people simply find fun...lots of
people like bull fighting too, doesnt mean that your fun is
free of complicty in bad shit
4)before you tel me about all the good policy makers who have
come out of debate that would have otherwise been eviler
genocidal fucks,

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SO-CALLED 2AC TOPICALITY RANT 2/2


consider the massive amounts of lawyers and policymakers who
we have taught to be better genocideres, those folks who will
now be better prosecutors better imperial planners, better able
to add liberal legitimacy to the pnac empire machine,simply put
i dont doubt that many of you are prearing for a future in
politics, my problem is with the way you prepare and what you
are preapring for.

15

15 http://www.ndtceda.com/archives/200404/0463.html

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MONKEYBALLS 2AC 1/5

[AT: ZIZEKS FOOL/KNAVE JOIUSSANCE CRAP]

1) THE CRITICISM AND ITS UNDERPINNINGS ARE ALL BASED ON SELF-REFERENTIAL, UNVERIFIABLE CLAIMS
ABOUT OUR PSYCHE AND HOW WE RELATE TO THE SYSTEM. WHETHER OR NOT WE GET JOUISSANCE OUT
OF OUR AFF IS NOT SOMETHING EMORY IS QUALIFIED TO DISCUSS.

2) NO IMPACT: THIS ULTIMATELY BOILS DOWN TO A NON-UNIQUE PMN TO OUR MODE OF POLITICS: THEY
HAVE NO ALTERNATIVE VIEW OF HOW TO ACT IN THE WORLD WITHOUT OBTAINING ENJOYMENT OR
SHOWING A LIBIDINAL INVESTMENT IN OUR ACTIONS. POINTING THIS FACT OUT IS NOT ENOUGH TO
CONDEMN THE EFFICACY OF OUR APPROACH.

3) NO LINK: THEIR CLAIM THAT WE PLAY INTO THE HANDS OF THE SYSTEM ASSUMES THAT THE POINT OF
OUR AFF IS A LOUISVILLE-ESQUE COMMUNITY WIDE REVOLUTION. THIS IS FALSE. OUR AFF SHOULD BE
CONCEPTUALIZED AS A POLITICALLY PRODUCTIVE MODEL FOR ACTION CALLED DETOURNMENT, WHICH
WELL READ EVIDENCE ABOUT BELOW. IT HAS AN ADVANTAGE. WE DONT NEED TO PROVE MATERIAL
EFFECTS OUTSIDE THE ROUND, JUST LIKE POLICY TEAMS DONT HAVE TO PROVE HEGEMONY INCREASES
OR DECREASES POST AFF-VOTE.

4) NO LINK: WE DONT CLAIM TO HAVE A SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE DEBATE COMMUNITY, THE END ALL
BE ALL UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT DEBATE IS OR WHAT DEBATE COULD BE. WE HAVE A PERSPECTIVE,
WHICH IS NOT THE EQUIVALENT TO NAZI CLAIMS TO HAVE A SPECIAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE NATURE OF
HUMANITY.

5) PERMUTE: VOTE AFF AND ENGAGE THE NEG ALTERNATIVE. BEING THE ANALYST IS NOT MUTUALLY
EXCLUSIVE WITH THE AFF. WE ASSUME THE ROLE OF THE ANALYST OF THE COMMUNITY, ETC.

MONKEYBALLS 2AC 2/5


6) ZIZEKS ALTERNATIVE IS OUR AFF: THE 1AC IS THE CONDENSATION OF THE REAL, WHICH IS NONSENSE.
THIS IS THE ONLY WAY TO SUSTAIN OURSELVES POLITICALLY AND ETHICALLY.
Mann (Prof English @ Pomona) 1995
Paul, Stupid Undergrounds PostModern Culture 5:3, Project Muse,
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/postmodern_culture/v005/5.3mann.html
There is a certain justice to giving the task for discovering the silent forms of control to those whose primary mode of operation is
enormous volume. The trajectory from loud rock music to even louder industrial music (Boyd Rice/Non plays too loud even for much
of the stupid club scene) to experiments in subliminal sound is continuous. There is, in a certain sense, no difference, no line between
sound so loud it is all one can hear and sound so deep and pervasive it cannot be heard at all. Loud is critical. Or perhaps we should
put the same matter differently: if we have taken critical to imply a certain distance, a certain non-identity with the object, loud
proceeds, as the stupid underground always proceeds, in the opposite direction. Rock music, after all nothing more than the prattle of
a banal hybridization of capital and adolescent (male) fantasy, becomes, in intensity, at the most extreme volume, the stupid
reduction of that constructed reality, the limit of its tolerability. Critical then not through distance but, as we have seen, through
proximity, through what would appear to be the most uncritical embrace. Here again Zizek is helpful: "Although functioning

as a support for the totalitarian order, fantasy is then at the same time the leftover of the real
that enables us to 'pull ourselves out,' to preserve a kind of distance from the socio-symbolic
network. When we become crazed in our obsession

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with idiotic enjoyment, even totalitarian manipulation cannot reach us"

(128). Zizek's example here is


precisely popular music, the inane ditty that anchors the fantasy, that runs endlessly in one's head; what one wishes to add here is
the criterion of force, of intensity, of sound so loud that, even though it is a cultural product from top to bottom, it nonetheless
enfolds the audience and isolates it within the symbolic order. The
intensity of loud drowns out the Other. It is the limit of the symbolic, its null point, experienced in the very onslaught of its signs.

Perhaps we could appropriate a Lacanian term for this fantastic volume that goes beyond
fantasy: the sinthome. Zizek calls it

"subversive," but that, unfortunately, is to offer it to those who wannabe subversive, to see themselves seen as subversives, to be (to
fantasize being) political agents in an older and ever more current sense.26 Let us nonetheless pursue the concept for a moment.
Zizek:
[T]he signifier permeated with idiotic
enjoyment is what Lacan, in the last stage
of his teaching, called le sinthome. Le
sinthome is not the symptom, the coded
message to be deciphered by
interpretation, but the meaningless letter
that immediately procures jouissense,"enjoyment-in-meaning," "enjoymeant.". . . [W]hen we take into account
the dimension of the sinthome, it is no
longer sufficient to denounce the "artificial"
character of the ideological experience, to
demonstrate the way the object
experienced by ideology as "natural" and
"given" is effectively a discursive
construction. . . . What we must do .
. . on the contrary, is to isolate

the sinthome from the context by


virtue of which it exerts its power of
fascination in order to expose the
sinthome's utter stupidity. . . . [It]
produces a distance not by locating the
phenomenon in its historical totality,
but by making us experience the utter
nullity of its immediate reality, of its
stupid, material presence that escapes
"historical mediation" . . . . [I]t is a
little piece of the real attesting to the
ultimate nonsense of the universe, but
insofar as this object allows us to
condense, to locate, to materialize the
nonsense of the universe in it, insofar
as the object serves to represent this
nonsense, it enables us to sustain
ourselves in the midst of
inconsistency . . . . (LA 128-29, 134-35)

MONKEYBALLS 2AC 3/5


7) DOUBLE TURN: ALL OF THEIR FRAMEWORK ARGUMENTS HOW WE NEED A STABLE ADVOCACY THAT
SIMULATES THE UNREAL OF THE USFG IS THE OPPOSITE OF THE INSISTENCE THAT WE ATTEND TO
VISCERAL REALITY. THEIR ARGUMENTS FORCE US TO ULTIMATELY ADOPT THE POLITICS THAT THEIR
CRITICISM INDICTS, WHERE WE REMAIN IN COMFORTABLE ACADEMIC CONFINES, LAUNCHING IMPOSSIBLE
DEMANDS UPON THE STATE.
8) WE HAVE A DEFENSE OF ENJOYMENT: THE EXAMPLE OF SIMONE IN BATAILLES STORY OF THE EYE IS
ANALOGOUS TO WGLF ACTIVITIES. SIMONE PISSES ON EGGS DESPITE THE HORROR OF HER MOTHER,
MUCH LIKE WE PISS ON THE CONVENTIONS OF DEBATE ITSELF. PLAYING WITHIN THE BOUNDARIES OF THE
SYSTEM OF DEBATE NORMS IS PRODUCTIVE. OUR IRRATIONAL GESTURES TO REMAIN OUTSIDE OF THE
SYSTEM OF NORMS EXPOSES THE MEANINGLESSNESS OF THOSE NORMS THEMSELVES.

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MOSSIMAN IN 1998 (ELIZABETH, THE SOVEREIGN VALUE OF TRANSGRESSION,


http://www.temple.edu/gradmag/spring98/mosiman.htm)
During Simone's recuperation her fascination with eyes intensifies. No longer able to participate in any sexual activity, she and the I
who focuses the text(17) play with eggs in a manner which mimics a metonymic substitution of images . "She soon delighted

in having me throw eggs into the toilet bowl, hard-boiled eggs, which sank, and shells sucked
out in various degrees to obtain varying levels of immersion"(36). Sometimes she would
urinate on them. Physically confined, Simone continues the violation of fixed images, while the
images themselves proliferate and the possibilities of incommensurate connections explode.
Eyes in the toilets, hard-boiled eggs, partially sucked eggs, all objectify imagery that is fixed.
Simone's play with eggs gradually increases the force of its transgressive nature.The mother's
entrance into the room advances the play to the edge of its own limits; instead of disrupting
their activity, her presence intensifies their pleasure. In order for their behavior to be have
impact, there must be a prohibition against it. The play must occur within the system so that
the system itself can release its own non-meaning.

"Play," Bataille notes, "is nothing if not an open and unreserved challenge to everything opposed to play" (quoted by Derrida 378n40). Simone's play with the egg prefigures the
Derridean concept of play, an activity of the difference that results from the appropriating action of classification systems such as language or numismatics. Bataille's play
executes the non-meaning in the appropriative movement that creates meaning--being an activity of that which is not retained in the substitutive movement of metaphor. To
return to the system of coinness, Bataille's play with the egg and the eye and the testicles---a seemingly random contiguity of images privileging surfaces in this text which
classifies eyeness--calls attention to a system that contains objects detached from their totality of meaning. The coin collected as coin no longer in currency is a coin detached
from its use-value. Play is the activity of the use-value,the presence of the bank draft. A reading or writing of the text is an action of expenditure without reserve--pure potlatch.
The images are put into play by the urination which figurates the fissure or rupture needed to unlock the contained optical simulacrum and to unleash the violent discharges of the
pineal eye: "Upon my asking [Simone] what the word urinate reminded her of, she replied: terminate, the eyes, with a razor, something red, the sun" (38). In The Story of the Eye
the "eye" of the anus or genital orifice, the description of which always foregrounds the raw and fleshy aspects, becomes the rupturing gaze, and its most gruesome portrayal is
the bullfighting scene when the eye of Granero, the matador, is gouged out by the bull.
The final scene in the church of Don Juan, however, depicts the most virulent transgression of The Story of the Eye. If the text is God relieving Himself, then these final scenes can
be read as God voiding His own Absoluteness, a gesture reified in the urination of the priest into the ciborium containing the communion wafers which are an embodiment of the
absent Christ, himself an embodiment of the absent Absolute. Since the ritual of the Mass includes the expression "the Word is God." The action of urination here is then the
transgressing of the system of Christian religion that grounds the systems of knowledge in Western culture, that is, the systems through which we know our world and which
enable us to live within it. But as urinating is the passing and the making, this transgressive action expendsin order that the system can continue to make.
In Simone's intercourse with the dying priest, she attempts to capture the totality of the experience of life which can only be gained by dying. Her action takes place at the limit of
life, as this last transgressive scene takes place at the limit of the prohibition---the violation of the most sacred. Transgression must occur within the system or it would not be a
transgression, as Bataille seeks to embrace the non-meaning of the bank draft within the system because to go outside the system would be to be outside the totality of coinness
and to render the non-meaning meaningless. For a human to die is to experience the totality of what it means to live, but to die is to move beyond expression. Bataille needs
always to be at the limit while including a gesture toward the non-being on the other side.
Bataille writes at the conclusion of his essay on "The Notion of Expenditure" that "the states of excitation, which are comparable to toxic states, can be defined as the illogical and
irresistible impulse to
reject material or moral goods that it would have been possible to utilize rationally (in conformity with the balancing of accounts)" (128). What he presents to the reader, in the
form of the narrative text,

The Story of the Eye is a logical gesture of irrationality which expresses the need of a limitless
loss which Bataille maintains is necessary to remain rationally within the system. Bataille's
transgressive text transgresses the prohibition against the transgressive act, but without text
there could be no transgression. From within the system, however, the gesture must always
remain an irrational gesture of refusal to remain within the system. The text, for the reader as well as
Bataille, is anexperience of irrationality, expended in the reading and the writing.

MONKEYBALLS 2AC 4/5

9) OUR METHOD IS ONE OF COMMUNICATIVE GUERILLA TACTICS. WE OVERIDENTIFY WITH THE ABSURDITY
OF DEBATE PRACTICES SUCH AS THE STRATEGIC SEARCH FOR THE BIGGEST IMPACT CARD AND THE
REDUCTIONIST LOGIC OF LABELING EVERYTHING AS NAZISM. TRADITIONAL APPROACHES TO DEBATE AND
COMMUNICATION ARE FLAWED. WE NEED TO INSTEAD EMBRACE DETOURNMENT, A METHOD OF
CULTURE JAMMING AND OVERIDENTIFICATION THAT ALLOWS US TO EXPLOIT THE ABSURDITIES OF THE
POWERS WE ARE FIGHTING.
GRUPPE IN 2003 ( HTTP://ionek.strg.at/bin/view/Main/KgUsingLan)
When we started to think about Communication guerilla , the political space seemed barren and closed. It was the
early nineties, the west was at war against Irak, and the political depression of the nineties was at its full height. After
the breakdown of bureaucratic socialism, capitalism seemed to have won once and forever. Moreover, Germany saw a wave of
violent racist attacks against immigrants, backed up by a humanist discourse of the elites who were in favor of immigration control.
All the counterinformation in previous years had not changed the political climate to the better. We were tired of

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performing political rituals like trashing McDonald?s, stopping this nuclear waste transport or that neo-fascist
meeting. It wasnt fun, and anyway, these rituals had become the included other of the state: the roles were set, they
knew how to deal with this kind of attacks. They even needed them to provide a symbolic balance against the extreme
right and to justify new repressive laws.
So we started experimenting with another mode of political articulation. Interventions and theoretical analysis were constantly
interacting. We looked at the practices of Dada, the Situationists, the Provos in the Netherlands, the Indiani Metropolitani in Italy, the
various psychogeographic societies, the Spaguerilla in Germany, the Yippies in the US, pranksters and many other freaks, experts
in Culture Jamming , and fools. We blagged anything that could be useful to distort the unwritten rules of the Cultural Grammar, to
subvert this powerful machinery which is constantly producing acceptance of existing power relations and normality. In recent years,
this kind of creative political articulation has become more popular among artists/activists. How do these witty, sometimes silly
attacks against multinational corporations, politicians or other authorities work? A first insight comes from communication theory.
Why is nobody listening?
The best argument is useless if nobody wants to hear it. Thanks to continuous production and dissemination of
counter information, the world knows that the globe is warming, which didnt stop US president Bush to block the
limitation of emissions in the Kyoto. Everybody knows that people in Global South are forced to work in sweatshops under
terrible conditions, but this knowledge has hardly any consequences. And although we all know that people who migrate to Europe
usually have a reason for that, the border regime around it is getting tighter and tighter. So although critical information is
widely available, it doesnt necessarily lead to political consequences. Most traditional politics on the left are based
on a simple model of communication: Information is sent bya sender to a receiver via a channel. Implicitly, it is assumed
that the message is received as intended by the sender. The conclusion is that those who own the sender control what people are
thinking by manipulating the messages. If the messages were not manipulated, more truthful, people wouldnt go along with
oppressive politics. As a consequence, we would have to take power over the TV- and radiostations, the newspapers and the internet
thats revolution. Or at least we need to produce our own media. Zet while counter-information is necessary to keep ourselves upto-date, it usually cannot compete with industrially produced mainstream media. This model of communication has been
critizised for its linearity. For instance, it cannot explain why the system of burocratic socialism in East Germany
collapsed, although it controlled all the senders. A more complex model of communication theoryfocusses less on the
messages and more on the codes that are being used in the production and the reading of messages. The sender encodes
information before shipping it off to the channel. He uses a discourse which corresponds with his own interests and social/political
positioning Before the receiver understands the message, she has do
decode it according to her own codes. Both sets of codes are not necessarily identical, and not all receivers use the same set of
codes. The same message can acquire different, even contradictory meanings, depending on the discoursive codes people use to
read them. Although the discoursive power structures strongly suggest certain preferred readings, oppositional readings are
possible. Umberto Eco, the Italian cultural theorist calls this process the variability of interpretation.
Tactics the art of the weak
This phenomenon leads to interesting principles, methods, practices and techniques for Communication guerilla. A guerilla in the
territory of communication can make use of the cracks and contradictions of the system. Relying on a tactical mode of
political articulation, it doesnt need to seek control of the endless chain of signification. To the contrary, it plays on
the messyness of the communication process, creating communicative situations with a potential to unleash divergent
and deviant readings of situations and informations. To use a military metaphor: Communication guerilla breaks out of the
traditionally strategic approach to political articulation. It acknowledges that the social movements on the left are not
powerful enough to engage in a trench war between us and them, that we are acting on a territory organized by
the law of a foreign power. What French philosopher Michel de Certeau states fortactics in general, also applies to Communication
guerilla: Lacking its own place, it operates in isolated actions, blow by blow. It takes advantage of oportunities and
depends on them, being without any base where it could stockpile its winnings, build up its own position, and plan raids. What it wins
it cannot keep. This nowhere gives a tactic mobility (...). It
must vigilantly make use of the cracks that particular conjunctions open in the surveillance of the proprietary powers.
It poaches in them. It creates surprises in them. (...) In short, a tactic is an art of the weak.
Multinational corporations, as agents of hegemony, use a strategic approach. They are furiously defending a territory made of images,
colours, music, logos. Since the marketing strategies are increasingly shifting from selling products to selling lifestyles, the brand
needs to be defended at all costs.
Image has become capital. At the same time, by depending on the elusive power of signs, they have become more
vulnerable to the blows of Communication guerilla. Counter information is continuously producing information on the
injustice of existing power relations or the devastating work conditions in the sweatshops, to name only a few fields of
intervention. Subvertisers like the US-based adbusters , or the campaigners against Nike , communicate such messages
by using the first principle of communication guerilla: detournement. By distorting the signs and symbols available in
public space, they suggest a morerealistic reading of advertisements. The simple detournement of a billboard, for instance,
shell becomes hell -creates a moment of surprise and confusion in the receiver. It suggests the use of oppositional codes and
bring out meanings other than those intended by the advertisers. The aura of a mythical figure like Microsoft boss Bill Gates can be
detourned by a pie placed into his face at the right

MONKEYBALLS 2AC 5/5

moment needless to say that this also works for politicians, philosophers and other representatives of power. With wit and humour,
detournements create a distance between the sender and the receiver, they cause embarassement to those whose
normality is usually accepted.

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Sometimes, it is more effective to slip into the mind of the political counterpart rather than creating a distance through detournement
especially since the cultural grammar in western industrialised societies with its ideology of democracy and free speech has ways
to neutralise obvious criticism. Overidentification as the second principle of communication guerilla relies on the
phenomenon that every ideology has a hidden reverse, something that must not be articulated under any
circumstances, a taboo (Zizek). Overidentification is about speaking out this hidden tabu in language of power itself,
clearer than the political counterparts yet in a perfect copy of the tone of their voices and the looks of their symbols.

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EXTENSION: LEFTIST POLITICS SUCK


TRADITIONAL LEFTIST POLITICS ARE DOOMED TO FAILURE: ONLY BY DISTORTING THE SIGNS AND SYMBOLS
OF THE PREVAILING ESTABLISHMENT CAN EFFECTIVE POLITICAL ACTION OCCUR.
GRUPPE IN 1998 (http://www.medialounge.net/lounge/workspace/crashhtml/mr/4.htm)
Guerrilla communication is political, militant action (politische Militanz). It differs from the conventional
(autonomous) militant action in as much as it does not simply aim to destroy the codes of power and
sovereignty, but aims to effectively disfigure them. Guerrilla communication is a particular
form of political communication which does not just transport statements in plain text (like flyers,
demo slogans, posters). The goal is neither the interruption nor the permanent appropriation of a
communicational channel. The goal is the theft and distortion of messages. We start from the
premise that the significance of communication is not just what is said but also the form of the
communication itself.

It is the aim of guerrilla communication to de-legitimate the present state of power and
sovereignty which by now seems so normal and unalterable. In order to do that, one has to understand
its multifaceted structures and manifestations. Guerrilla communication tries to deal with the normative
power structures of the established forms of communication as well as the internalised power
structures at the level of subject. This requires that situations be manufactured in which it becomes perceptible - for at
least a brief moment - that everything could actually be quite different.

Why Communication Guerrilla?

Guerrilla communication is a result of the experiences with the


(Gegenffentlichkeitskonzepten) and educational practices of the left. In

past

concepts

of

the

oppositional

public

realm

late capitalist societies nothing can be


won from the unimpeded spread of truth. Traditional left politics frequently seem to rely on
the persuasive power of the rational argument. The confidence that the simple presentation of
information represents an effective form of political action is still unshakeable. Critical content
is supposed to be sufficient to tear up the network of manipulating messages, with which the
media influence the consciousness of the masses. The main problem here is the acceptance of
the idea: 'whomsoever possesses the senders can control the thoughts of humans'. This
hypothesis comes from a very simple communication model which only focuses on the 'sender'
(in the case of mass communication usually centrally andindustrially organised), the 'channel' which transports the information, and
the 'receiver'.

EXTENSION: LEFTIST POLITICS SUCK


COUNTER-INFORMATION IS INEFFECTIVE- THE PERSUASIVE POWER OF RATIONAL ARGUMENT HAS NO
CHANCE OF COMPETING WITH THE DOMINANT IDEOLOGICAL POSITION.
GRUPPE IN 1998 (http://www.copyriot.com/unefarce/no1/artikel/cg.htm)
Traditional radical politics strongly rely on the persuasive power of the rational argument. The
confidence that the simple presentation of information represents an effective form of political
action is almost unshakeable. Critical content and the unimpeded spread of 'truth' are
supposed to be sufficient to tear up the network of manipulating messages, with which the
media influence the consciousness of the masses. Well, since the declaration of
Postmodernism it has become a bit involved to insist on The One And Only Truth. But the main problem with traditional concepts of
radicalpolitical communication is the acceptance of the idea:

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'whomsoever possesses the senders can control the thoughts of humans'. This hypothesis comes from a very simple communication
model which only focuses on the 'sender' (in case of mass communication usually centrally and industrially organised), the 'channel'
which transports the information, and the 'receiver'. The euphoria around information society as well as its pessimistic opposition which worries about information overkill - do not face the crucial problem of citizens representational democracies: facts and

information, even if they become commonplace, do not trigger any consequences. Face it,
even if stories of disasters, injustice, social and ecological scandals are being published, it has
almost no consequences.
Reflections on the interrelations between the reception of information, knowledge and the options to act within a social context
have tackled how information becomes meaningful and how it thenbecomes socially relevant. Information by itself has

neither meaning nor consequences - both are created only through the active reception and
through the scope of action of the audience. But this basic banality has far too rarely been
taken into consideration within the framework of radical politics.

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GORILLAZ SOLVES CAPITALISM


THE BOURGEOIS SYSTEM GAINS ITS STRENGTH THROUGH INTEGRATION OF CRITICISM- ONLY TACTICS OF
DETOURNMENT, WHICH PLAY WITH THE SIGNS AND SYMBOLS OF THE DOMINANT ORDER ARE ABLE TO
RESIST COOPTATION AND FORM A POTENT ANTI-CAPITALIST CRITIQUE. GRUPPE IN 1998
(http://www.copyriot.com/unefarce/no1/artikel/cg.htm)

The bourgeois system takes its strength - beyond other things - from the ability to include
critique. A government needs an opposition, every opinion needs to be balanced with
anotherone, the concept of representative democracy relies on the fiction of equal exchange.
Every criticism which doesnt fundamentally shatter the legitimacy of the ruling system,
tends to become part of it. Guerrilla communication is an attempt to intervene without
getting absorbed by the dominant discourse. We are looking for ways to get involved in situations and at the
same time to refuse any constructive participation.

Power relations have a tendency to appear normal, even natural and certainly inevitable. They
are inscribed into the rules of everyday life. Communication guerrillas want to create those
short and shimmering moments of confusion and distortion, moments which tell us that
everything could be completely different: a fragmented utopia as a seed of change. Against a
symbolic order of western capitalist societies which is built around discourses of rationality
and rational conduct, guerrilla communication relies on the powerful possibility of expressing
afundamental critique through the non-verbal, paradoxical and mythical.
To be quite clear: guerrilla communication isnt meant to replace a rational critique of dominant politics and hegemonic culture.
It doesnt substitute counter-information, but creates additional possibilities for intervention. But also, it shouldnt be
misunderstood as the topping on the cake, a mere addition to the hard work of 'real' politics and direct, material action.

In its search for seeds of subversion, guerrilla communication tries to take up contradictions
which are hidden in seemingly normal, everyday situations. It attempts to distort normality by
addressing those unspoken desires that are usually silenced by omnipresent rules of conduct,
rules that define the socially acceptable modes of
behaviour as well as the 'normal' ways of communication and interpretation. To give just a simple
example: Most people will
say that it is not okay to dodge paying the fare, even if there is awidespread feeling that public transport is over-expensive. If,
however, some communication guerrillas at the occasion of an important public event like the funeral of Lady Di manage to distribute
fake announcements declaring that for the purpose of participating, public transport will be free, the possibility of reducing todays
expenses may tempt even those who doubt the authenticity of the announcement.
Communication guerrillas attack the power-relations that are inscribed into the social organisation of space and time, into rules and
manners, into the order of public conduct and discourse. Everywhere in this 'Cultural Grammar' of a society there are legitimations
and naturalisations of economic, political and cultural power and inequality. Communication guerrillas use the

knowledge of 'Cultural Grammar' accessible to everybody in order to cause irritations by


distorting the rules of normality: It is precisely this kind of irritations that put into question
seeminglynatural aspects of social life by making the hidden power relations visible and
offering the possibility to deconstruct them. Using a term coined by Pierre Bourdieu, one might say that guerrilla
communication aims at a temporary expropriation of Cultural Capital, at a disturbance of the symbolic economy of social relations.

1AR: MANN EVIDENCE


THE 1AC IS AN ISOLATION OF WHAT LACAN CALLED THE SYNTHOME: THE LITTLE PIECE OF THE REAL THAT
ATTESTS TO THE STUPIDITY OF EVERYTHING. MANN DESCRIBES THIS AS A RABID OVERPARTICIPATION IN
THE STUPID SPECTACLE OF THE REAL THAT GOES FAR BEYOND ANY BLANK PARODY OR POSTMODERN
PASTICHE-THIS EVIDENCE LITERALLY DESCRIBES THE FORM AND CONTENT OF THE 1AC
Mann (Prof English @ Pomona) 1995
Paul, Stupid Undergrounds PostModern Culture 5:3, Project Muse,
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/postmodern_culture/v005/5.3mann.html

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The stupid underground comes closest of all to the constitutive stupidity of the symbolic order. We should always be careful, however,
not to conclude that therefore one can live without this error, by a kind of decision, for the subject who would make the decision is
constituted in the first place by its relation to this empty order, this hollow other. And who's to say what's really out

there? Who's to say that something utterly Other really doesn't exist? Why not demonic saucer
masons encoding the destruction of political power into the very symbology of American
democracy? Why not the fucking hand of God? Zizek himself repeats the old joke about the man who
complained to his analyst that there are crocodiles under his bed; when he doesn't turn up for
an appointment the doctor assumes it is because he has achieved a cure, only to discover the
man was indeed eaten by crocodiles in his sleep. Perhaps the notion that the other does not
exist is the other of psychoanalysis. Isn't the whole point that there are only points de capiton,
never a total truth on which to anchor something more real than the Real--that one cannot, in
any sense, claim to have possessed the real, not even by means of a symbolic-rationalist
dispossession? The stupid underground, once again, proceeds along this line not by analytical
distance but by frenzied overdetermination: the only reality is the apocalyptic plot, and the
plot is always at one and the same time hidden and omnipresent, vaporous and thick, future
and present ("the end of the world is over"), ridiculous and serious, unacceptable and
unavoidable, the most grotesque, most immediate, and most conspicuously absent truth.

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2AR OVERVIEW: MONKEYBALLS


THIS DEBATE ULTIMATELY COMES DOWN TO A QUESTION OF COMPETING METHODS AND THE
POLITICAL ADVANTAGES THAT THOSE METHODS ACCRUE. THEY HAVE DONE A TERRIBLE JOB
EXPLAINING A FEW THINGS:
1)
WHATS SO BAD ABOUT ENJOYMENT? HOW DO WE FASHION A POLITICS THAT IS FREE OF
ENJOYMENT AND LIBIDINAL INVESTMENT? HOW ULTIMATELY DOES THEIR ALTERNATIVE
FUNCTION?
2)
WHAT IS SO BAD ABOUT BEING A NEUROTIC? IF SOME HISTORICAL EXAMPLES OF
NEUROSES CAN EXPLIN WHY BAD THINGS HAPPEN, THEN HOW COME ALL NEUROTICS DONT
TURN OUT TO CAUSE GENOCIDE? WHAT SPECIFICALLY ABOUT OUR AFF IS NEUROTIC?
3)WHAT IS SO SWEET ABOUT BEING AN ANALYST? WHAT IS THE BENEFIT OF POINTING OUT
FLAWS? WHY DOES POINTING OUT ONE FLAW MEAN THAT EVERYTHING WE SAID IS
TERMINALLY SCREWED?

HERE ARE OUR TURNS TO ALL OF THOSE THINGS:


1) ENJOYMENT IS GOOD: OUR GRUPPE AND MANN EVIDENCE, BOTH WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF
ZIZEKS
CRITIQUE DESCRIBE HOW DETOURNMENT AND THE CONDENSATION OF THE ABSURD ACCESSES
THE REAL
IN WAYS WHICH SOLVE THE LINK, I.E. BY BREAKING DOWN THE FANTASY THAT SUSTAINS THE
DOMINAT IDEOLOGY,
2)NEUROSIS IS GOOD: OUR FORM OF TRANSGRESSION EXPOSES THE NON-MEANING OF THE
SYSTEM ITSELF, THIS IS THE BEST WAY TO BE POLITICAL ITSELF. THATS THE 2AC MOSSIMAN
EVIDENCE.
3)BEING AN ANYLYST IS NOT GOOD: CROSS-X CONCEDES THAT THIS FUNCTIONALLY IS NO
DIFFERENT FROM THE METHODS OF COUNTER-INFORMATION THAT OUR GRUPPE EVIDENCE
INDICTS AS BEING INNEFECTIVE. THE ANALYSTS POSITION ULTIMATELY IS NO DIFFERENT
THAN JOHN KERRY, CONSTANTLY SPOUTING OFF SMALL CRITICISMS OF THOSE IN POWER THAT
RELY UPON BANKRUPT NOTIONS OF COMMUNICATION, WITHOUT ARTICULATING A VISION FOR
CHANGE.
IMPACTS DO MATTER:
THEYVE GOT NONE. THE EXTENT OF 2NC/2NR IMPACT ANALYSIS IS A REDUCTION OF
EVERYTHING TO THE
HOLOCAUST. HITLER WAS NEUROTIC, HE CAUSED THE HOLOCAUST. THE NAZIS THOUGHT
THEY HAD A SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE, THATS WHY THEY KILLED THE JEWS., ETC. THESE ARE
ALL VACUOUS CLAIMS THAT HAVE NOT BEEN APPLIED SPECIFICALLY TO THE TYPE OF ACTION
THE AFF TAKES.
WEVE GOT BIG IMPACTS. OUR GRUPPE EVIDENCE INDICATES THAT DETOURNMENT IS THE
ONLY VIABLE
OPTION FOR LEFTIST POLITICS IN THE AGE OF POSTMODERNISM. WITHOUT ADOPTING THESE
STRATEGIES,

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THE ONSLAUGHT OF MARKET-ORIENTED SOLUTIONS, INEQUITABLE WORK CONDITIONS, AND


ENVIRONMENTAL DESTRUCTION WILL CONTINUE UNABATED. WE WILL ALWAYS WIN A RISK OF
A BIGGER
IMPACT THAN THEM, BECAUSE DETOURNMENT IS ALSO NECESSARY TO ARTICULATE A
RESPONSE TO THE TOTALITARIAN, GENOCIDAL SYSTEMS OF OPPRESSION THAT THEY CLAIM AS
THE IMPACT TO THEIR CRITICISM.

AT: IRONY BAD


1) NO LINK: WE ARE NOT THE LITERARY DEVICE OF IRONY THAT ALL OF THEIR EVIDENCE INDICTSJUST
BECAUSE WE POSIT A METHOD OF POLITICS THAT INCLUDES HUMOROUS AND/OR IRONIC
ELEMENTS DOES NOT MEAN OUR STRATEGY RELIES ON IRONY, OR THAT IT EVEN IS IRONY
2) IN ORDER TO WIN THIS ARGUMENT, THEY GOTTA PRESENT AN ALTERNATIVE- YEAH, IRONY MAY
NOT BE
UNDERSTOOD BY EVERYONE, BUT ALL COMMUNICATION IS SUBJECT TO THAT PITFALLLANGUAGE IS
IMPRECISE, AND THE IDEA OF A NEUTRAL CHANNEL THROUGH WHICH COMMUNICATIONS CAN
BE SENT
FROM A RECIEVER TO A SENDER IS ONE THAT IS EMPIRICALLY BANKRUPT. OUR METHOD IS AT
LEAST
BETTER THAN TRADITIONAL POLITICS, WHICH HAVE FAILED TO DO ANYTHING TO CURTAIL
CORPORATE
EXPLOITATION, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION, OR BUSH- THATS THE COUNTERINFORMATION BAD ARGUMENTS MADE IN OUR GRUPPE EVIDENCE.
3) WE ALL KNOW THAT WHAT WE DO IN DEBATE IS NOT WHAT WE DO IN PUBLIC, AND THAT WE
TAILOR
OUR PERFORMANCE TO THE AUDIENCE PRESENT IN THE DEBATE. WHEREAS THEY MAY BE
RIGHT THAT IF WE READ OUR FIRST CONSTRUCTIVE IN A PUBLIC SETTING, WED NOT BE VERY
HELPFUL TO THE
CAUSE,OR MISUNDERSTOOD, BUT THAT IS NOT WHAT WE HAVE DONE. WE HAVE
CONTEXTUALIZED OUR
FORM OF DETOURNMENT TO THE SPECIFIC SITUATION OF A DEBATE ROUND- THIS INJECTION OF
OUR OWN LOCAL KNOWLEDGE OF DEBATE IS WHAT MAKES IT POSSIBLE FOR DETOURNMENT TO
WORK ON A MICRO AND MACRO LEVEL-GRUPPE IN 2003 ( HTTP://ionek.strg.at/bin/view/Main/KgUsingLan)
Tactics of the everyday are expressing desires other than those included in strategic planning, and in that way, they
often acquire a subversive meaning. Blagging, dodging the fare, scateboarding in posh places are not necessarily meant to be
political interventions. The deportation alliance, Horror Vacui and GelbNIX were/are explicitely situated within a wider critical
discourse articulated by social movements, in which strategic demands like open borders, "no German soldiers in Kosovo" or "open
access to the inner cities" were made. Yet they were not confined to the designated political space marked by a culture of political
parties, demonstrations, info-stalls, demands, frustrating meetings and the speech of morality. Taking tactics further,
contextualising political issues in unusual ways and refusing any clear definition can help to widen the political space.
Detournements, happenings and similarinterventions can insert the political into daily life, if the organisers are taking
their own experience with public space and their own local knowledge into account. If you go to the city for summer sales,
you hardly expect your bag being controlled by police. This caused irritations to many shoppers at the day of "GelbNIX", distorting a
positive image of police who should be there to protect "us" and reserving controls to "others". Ideally, activists are part of a
specific local environment and mentality, which enables them to draw on detailed local knowledge, local anger, local
pleasures and the secret subversive desires of ordinary people. For example, quite a few citizens chose to use the free ticket
for public transport in one of the fake leaflets, although they could have realised with a little consideration that it was a prank - and
maybe they did. The same leaflet was reported in the local section of the newspaper with some amusement - another sign that it had
met localinterest. Only if an intervention works locally, it can become relevant in a broader context. A focus on images
and playful forms can create new alliances. If it is not necessary to agree on every detail of the political analysis, preparations

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can be more inclusive. Artist and activist scene are beginning to overlap. A new arena of political articulation opens up again and by using images, music, bodies, performances, activists are re-discovering the pleasures of aesthetic experiences
as a part of political speech.
Times have changed since the Manual of Communication Guerilla was first published. While the changes of social and economic
power are not in our favour, in the metropolis, a wave of energy amongs activists is tangible. This is most visible in the new global
movement which articulates itself in protests against organisations like the world bank and the international monetary fund. Large
numbers of protesters, new/old forms of protest like carnivals, creative interventions and direct actions, maybe also the web-hype
have put this movement on the agenda of mainstream media. The appropriation of information technology has facilitated a process
which creates a worldwide communication network and allows for rapid communication within a global activist scene'. In this sense,
the conditions of struggle have improved, certainly in the space of representation (everybody knows that there is a new, globally
connected socialmovement).Yet in provincial areas, local neighbourhoods, small towns and border areas, we are fewer than the
images of mass demos from Seattle, Washington, London etc would suggest. Locally, we continue to rely on the molecular
tactics of communication guerilla, the kind of actions anyone can prepare without the backup of thousands of
activists. While the large mobilisations are highlights in the activists calendar, communication guerilla-type actions
are effective interventions in local public spaces, effective not only in terms of annoying the conservative hypocrits,
ordinary racists and apostles of normalisation, but also for our own pleasure and against the frustrations we are
facing in daily life.

LUFTHANSA EXAMPLE
GRUPPE IN 2003 ( HTTP://ionek.strg.at/bin/view/Main/KgUsingLan)
An example for the sophisticated use of both principles is a campaign of the German antiracist network kein mensch ist illegal against the deportation of refugees and immigrants. Or, in

the logic of overidentification: Its objective is to help the German airline Lufthansa to get out of their obligation to do
the dirty business for the German government by brutally carrying out deportations. This tongue-in-cheek help turns
out to be a continous image pollution, which constantly puts the airline into trouble. The image of Lufthansa (and
every other airline) is based on the fantasy of a world without any borders, open for unlimited excitement, for
adventurous explorations of its hidden treasures (or business opportunities). The hidden reverse of this ideology of
globalisation is migration and border-regimes with all their deadly consequences. Lufthansas image relies on

the assumption that they make thepleasures of travelling available to every customer, that they
can take you to the most remote parts of the world at any given time. What may not be articulated is that at the same time,
Lufthansa is coercing unwanted migrants to go where they certainly do not want to go the
country they were forced to leave for political or economic reasons , or even a place where they have
never been before. The Lufthansa Campaign is using this hidden reverse in many creative ways. In the first leaflet in
spring 2000, they worked with the principle of overidentification by producing a fake to
advertise the new
deportation class which they had invented for Lufthansa. The leaflet features the brand colours, a
detourned logo and the typography of Lufthansa. It looks exactly as if it was produced by the airline itself.
It also reads like an original, since the corporate language with its customer-friendly overtones is copied as well.
Moreover, the content overidentifies completely with thelogic of profit. Lufthansa, it is explained, is obliged to

carry out deportations for the German government. Yet the company is aware that the
presence of handcuffed people with special helmets over their heads and sticky tape across
their mouths reduces the comfort of the paying passengers, expecially if they resist their
deportation. To compensate
for this inconvenience, Lufthansa has launched the deportation class and from now on offers
seats on such
flights at reduced prices. This fake leaflet was placed in the information stalls of Lufthansa in airports, at tourist
fairs and travelagents. The logic was credible enough, many people including customers and journalists
thought the airline capable of such cynical marketing and consequently started attacking it.
Lufthansa was forced to publish a dementi to distance itself from the incriminating leaflet. But
the company found itself in a double bind: They couldnt deny the fact that they are carrying
out deportations, and that this caused inconveniences; at the same time, they didnt offer any
compensation.
The logo of the deportation class was the winner of a poster competition which the campaign had tendered until March 2000. It called
for detournements of Lufthansa branding to make connections between the ideology of free travel and deportations. The submitted
posters were put together in a travelling exhibition and presented in many museums. Interestingly, Lufthansa only objected in

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October 2000, when they discovered that the exhibition is also available on the internet. They threatened to sue the owner of the
webpage. Supported by kein mensch ist illegal, he didn`t back down. To the contrary within a few days, the exhibition was mirrored
on dozens of other international webpages. Lufthansa ended up looking really stupid, a web-newbie with no respect for the freedom
of art. In the end, Lufthansa begged the campaign to stop embarrassing them.
The company faced tactical embarrassement and interventions on many other fronts. The passenger lobby group fair fly staged
invisible theatre at airports and tourist fairs, demonstrating the act of deportation. At an information stall at the Expo in Hanover,
plastic-bags with the logo of the deportation alliance were distributed filled up with information about deportations. At the annual
shareholder meeting in summer 2000, along with more traditional protests, a concerned shareholder pointed out the financial risks
involved in deportations. In several cases, deportations were stopped through direct action.

LUFTHANSA RANT
A BUNCH OF GERMANS GOT TOGETHER TO PROTEST THE COMPLICTY OF THE AIRLINE LUFTHANA WITH
ILLEGAL GOVERNMENT DEPORTATIONS OF TURKISH IMMIGRANTS. THEY PRODUCED FAKE OR DETORUNED
FLIERS THAT ADVERTISED A BRAND NEW DEPORTATION CLASS THAT OFFERED DEEP DISCOUNTS. THEY
SET UP BOOTHS AT THE AIRPORT, FORCED THE PEOPLE TO WORK BEHIND THE DESK.
THE AIRLINE WAS FORCED BY THESE ACTIONS TO OWN UP TO THEIR OWN INVOLVEMENT, STOP DEPORTING
IMMIGRANTS.
ANOTHER TYPE OF DETOURNEMENT ADBUSTERS MAGAZINE THESE CATS CONSTANTLY CREATE
ADVERTISEMENTS THEY CALL THEM SUBVERTISEMENTS PUT THEM UP OVERNIGHT OR WHATEVER
FORCE
THE ADVERTISED MESSAGE TO BE DISTORTED CALVIN KLEIN ADS PERFUME OBSESSION STUFF LIKE
THAT
THIS HAS ACTUALLY MOUNTED A MATERIALLY SUCCESSFUL AT LEAST IN SOME WAYS, SOMETIMES SMALL
SOMETIMES BIG BLOWS AGAINST THE CAPITALIST SYSTEM

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TRADTIONAL POLITICS-OVERVIEW
OUR 1AC IS A FORM OF GUERRILLA POLITICS AND GUERRILLA COMMUNICATION TAKEN AGAINST
THE
DABAIT COMMUNITY ITSELF IF INDEED THERE IS ANY HOPE OF OUR COMMUNITY TO BE
POLITICAL,
REVOLUTIONARY, OR WHATEVER WE MUST FIRST FORM A POTENT LEFTIST CRITIQUE WITHIN
OUR
COMMUNITY DABAIT ARGUMENTS AND FALSE PROTESTS AND WACKADEMIC WAX POETICS
HAVE ALL BECOME COMMODIFIED TO THE POINT WHERE DABAIT BECOMES BANKRUPT- DESPITE
EVERYONES BEST INTENTIONS, ALL OF THESE STRATEGIES ARE BANKRUPT AND DOOMED TO
FAIL.
THE 1AC DETOURNS THOSE DABAIT PRACTICES IN A WAY THAT IS CONSISTENT WITH THE
MESSAGE OF
THEIR RADICALISM BAD ARGUMENTS AND THEIR TYPES OF POLITICS THEY ADVOCATE. THE
PLACE WHERE WE DIFFER IS AT THE LEVEL OF WHAT SHOULD WE DO THEN?
INSTEAD OF FOCUSING ON TRIED AND FAILED STRATEGIES OF TRADITIONAL LEFTISTS POLITICS,
WHICH
HAVE PRODUCED A WORLD WHERE JOHN KERRY IS THE BEST WE CAN DO, AND EVERYONE
KNOWS THAT
THE ENVIRONMENT IS TOTALLY HOSED, YET BUSH IS STILL ABLE TO GIVE THE REACH-AROUND
TO HIS HOMIES AT CHEVRON AND HALLIBURTON, WE SHOULD HIJACK THE SIGNS AND SYMBOLS
LEFT BEHIND
FOR US ON THE POLITICAL TERRAIN AND ENGAGE IN A STRATEGY OF COMMUNICATIVE
GUERILLA TACTICS: BY PLAYING IN THE CRACKS AND CLEAVAGES LEFT BEHIND
ALL OF THEIR LINK ARGUMENTS ASSUME THE CONTENT OF THE 1AC DIVORCED FROM ITS FORM
YES, WE
HAVE A BUNCH OF MADE UP WORDS AND SELF-REFERENTIAL ARGUMENTS, BECAUSE THATS
WHAT
DABAIT HAS BECOME. OUR EXPOSURE OF THAT IS A WAY TO POLITICIZE DABAIT, JUST IN THE
WAY THAT DETOURNED LUFTHANSA FLIERS WERE A WAY TO POLITICZE THE DEPORTATION
ISSUE IN GERMANY.

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LANGUAGE RANT

YOU HAVE TAKEN DA BAIT. TO ASSUME THAT LANGUAGE


SOMEHOW HAS MEANING IS FOOLS GOLD. WE HAVE ALWAYS
ALREADY PROBLEMATIZED THE IDEA THAT WORDS HAVE MEANING
PRIOR TO LANGUAGE ITSELF. THEIR CRITICISMS OF WGLF
DISCURSIVE MANEUVERING NEGLECT THIS NUGGET OF
PREEXISTENT CRITICISM FOUND IN THE SUBTEXT OF THE 1AC
ITSELF.
TO STABILIZE THE MEANING OF ANYTHING THAT WE HAVE SAID IS
TO CONDUCT ONTO-VIOLENCE AGAINST THAT WHICH WAS THE 1AC
PREFORMANCE AND US. THE ESSENTIAL KERNEL OF THE 1ACS
ENCOUNTER WITH LANGUAGE AND THE TEXT IS TO OVERIDENTIFY
WITH THE ALWAYS ALREADY OBSCENE NATURE OF THE
TEXTUALITY OF THE TEXT, WHICH CREATES THE CONDITIONS FOR
THE RECOGNITION THAT VIOLENCE AND LANGUAGE ARE
SYMBIOTIC SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS. OUR SCHIZO-DE(DICH)OTOMIZING APPROACH TO THE PROBLEMATIC OF SOCIAL
TOTALITY AND LINGUISTIC LIBIDINAL INVESTMENTS IS THE ONLY
TRANSGRESSIVE ALTERNATIVE TO POLICING LINGUISTIC
BOUNDARIES WHILE THE PROBLEMATIC OF LANGUAGE ITSELF GOES
UNRESOLVED. DOUCHE.
ORIGINAL MOSSIMAN OVERVIEW

WE ARE THE GREAT COMPETITIVE SPECTACLE WHOSE PRODUCTION


SQUANDERS AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE. WE SPENT OUR SUMMER
WRITING
OUR OWN CRAPPY EVIDENCE, DRINKING RED HEADED SLUTS AT ADI,
AND
IGNORING THE TOPIC. THROUGH THIS ALL WE REALIZED THAT WE
ARE THE
SUN. NOT LITERALLY, BUT THE SPECTACLE THAT IS US IS BLINDS
AND
CONFUSES WHEN YOU STARE INTO IT, YET ILLUMINATES THE WORLD
AT THE SAME TIME. THE EXAMPLE OF SIMONE IN BATAILLES
STORY OF THE EYE IS ANALOGOUS TO WGLF ACTIVITIES FROM
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NOW TO THE FUTUREPAST: SIMONE PISSES ON HARDBOILED EGGS


DESPITE THE HORROR OF HER
MOTHER MUCH LIKE WE PISS ON THE CONVENTIONS OF DABAIT
ITSELF.
THIS IS NOT POINTLESS FUCK-FUCK. THE CONCLUSION YOU
SHOULD DRAW
FROM WHAT WE HAVE DONE/DID/WILL DO IS THAT PLAYING WITHIN
THE
BOUNDARIES OF THE SYSTEM OF DABAIT NORMS IS PRODUCTIVE.
OUR IRRATIONAL GESTURES TO REMAIN OUTSIDE OF THE NORMS
EXPOSE THE MEANINGLESSNESS OF THOSE NORMS THEMSELVES.

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WGLF FOGG OF WAR 2NC 1/2


2AC RESPONSE TO THE NONSENSE OF THE 1NC DEMONSTRATES THE EFFICACY OF OUR
APPROACH TO INTELLECTUAL WARFARE. THE PRACTICES OF DECEPTION AND
TRICKERY MUST BE USED TO JAM THE BIOPOLITICAL RADAR. THEIR POSITION OF
SPEAKING OUT IS TOO RISKY: IT TELLS EVERYTHING WE KNOW TO OUR ENEMIES,
RISKING CERTAIN DESTRUCTION.
MANN IN 1996 (PAUL, POMONA ENGLISH, THE NINE GROUNDS OF INTELLECTUAL WARFARE, postmodern
culture,
january)
Michel de Certeau points out that, for Clausewitz, the distinction between strategy and tactics is determined not only by scales of
conflict (war vs. battle) but by relative magnitudes of power. Strategy is for the strong, and it is deployed in known,
visible, mapped spaces; tactics is "an art of the weak," of those who must operate inside territory controlled by a
greater power; it takes place on the ground of the "other," inside alien space.[35] It must therefore deploy deception in
the face of a power "bound by its very visibility." De Certeau suggests that even in cases where the weak force has already
been sighted, it might use deception to great advantage. This is another lesson from Clausewitz: "trickery is possible for the
weak, and often it is his only possibility, as a 'last resort': The weaker the forces at the disposition of the strategist, the more the
strategist will be able to use deception." In the "practice of daily life," in spaces of signification, in the contests of
critical argument, such a tactics of the weak would also apply:
1.

Lacking its own place, lacking a view of the whole, limited

2.

by the blindness (which may lead to perspicacity) resulting

3.

from combat at close quarters, limited by the possibilities

4.

of the moment, a tactic is determined by the absence of

5.

power just as a strategy is organized by the postulation of

6.

power. From this point of view, the dialectic of a tactic

7.

may be illuminated by the ancient art of sophistic. As the

8.

author of a great "strategic" system, Aristotle was also

9.

very interested in the procedures of this enemy which

10. perverted, as he saw it, the order of truth. He quotes a


11. formula of this protean, quick, and surprising adversary
12. that, by making explicit the basis of sophistic, can also
13. serve finally to define a tactic as I understand it here: it
14. is a matter, Corax said, of "making the worse argument seem
15. the better." In its paradoxical concision, this formula
16. delineates the relationship of forces that is the starting
17. point for an intellectual creativity that is subtle,
18. tireless, ready for every opportunity, scattered over the
19. terrain of the dominant order and foreign to the rules laid
20. down and imposed by a rationality founded on established rights and property. (38)

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And yet it is rare that any of this ever occurs to critics, who seem to believe that "subversion" consists of vicarious identification
with subversives, and of telling everything one knows to one's enemies.

It is nonetheless already the case that, in critical discourse, behind all the humanistic myths of communication,
understanding, and interpretive fidelity, one finds the tactical value of misinterpretations. In an argument it is often
crucial for combatants not to know their enemy, to project instead a paper figure, a distortion, against which they can
conceive and reinforce their own positions. Intelligence, here, is not only knowledge of one's enemies but the tactical
lies one tells about them, even to oneself. This is so regular a phenomenon of discursive conflict that it cannot be dismissed as
an aberration that might be remedied through better communication, better listening skills, more disinterested criticism. One
identifies one's own signal in part by jamming everyone else's, setting it off from the noise one generates around it.
There is, in other words, already plenty of fog in discursive warfare, and yet we tend to remain passive in the face of
it, and for the most part completely and uncritically committed to exposing ourselves to attack. Imagine what might
be possible for a writing that is not insistently positional, not devoted to shoring itself up, to fixing itself in place, to
laying out all its plans under the eyes of its opponents. Nothing, after all, has been more fatal for the avant-gardes than the
form of the manifesto. If only surrealism had been more willing to lie, to dissimulate, to abandon the petty narcissism of the position
and the desire to explain itself to

WGLF FOGG OF WAR 2NC 2/2

anyone who would listen, and instead explored the potential offered it by the model of the secret society it also hoped to be.
Intellectual warfare must therefore investigate the tactical advantages of deception and clandestinity over the
habitual, quasi-ethical demands of clarity and forthrightness, let alone the narcissistic demands of self-promotion and
mental exhibitionism, from however fortified a position. If to be seen by the enemy is to be destroyed, then
intellectual warfare must pursue its own stealth technology. Self-styled intellectual warriors will explore computer networks
not only as more rapid means of communication and publishing but as means for circumventing publication, as semi-clandestine lines
of circulation, encoded correspondence, and semiotic speed. There will be no entirely secure secrecy, just as there are no
impregnable positions -- that too is Virilio's argument -- but a shrouded nomadism is already spreading in and around major discursive
conflicts. There are many more than nine grounds, but the rest are secret.

VOTE NEGATIVE TO MAKE THE AFFIRMATIVE DISAPPEAR. JAM THE


BIOPOLITICAL RADAR BY MAKING YOUR TRUE ALLEGIANCES SECRET.
REMAIN WITHIN THE FOG OF WAR TO HONE OUR TACTICS UNTIL THE
TIME IS RIGHT.
MANN IN 1996 (PAUL, POMONA ENGLISH, THE NINE GROUNDS OF INTELLECTUAL WARFARE, postmodern culture, january)
The standpoint, identification with and defense of one's own thought, the demand that one be on one's own side, that
one stand by one's word, is so standard a feature of intellectual ethics and politics that it has been taken completely
for granted. But the entrenched position is a vestige of archaic forms of warfare. The Tofflers argue that the Gulf War demonstrated
the failure of entrenchment -- Iraq's older, industrial, sedentary strategy -- against advanced military technologies of speed, stealth,
and coordinated intelligence. "[T]he allied force was not a [conventional military] machine, but a system with far greater internal
feedback, communication, and self-regulatory adjustment capability. It was . . . a 'thinking system'" (80). For Napoleon as well, Virilio
notes, "the capacity for war [was] the capacity for movement" (WC 10). In the same manner, those bound to intellectual
positions remain blind to the tactical advantages of mobility and secrecy, and the new war studies will be used to suggest
strategic figures outside the position's fortified walls.I will return to the precisely oxymoronic, self-canceling figure of secrecy in a later
section. Here, I will proceed by suggesting that the new war studies should come to quite rigorous and unromantic terms
with the nomadology of Deleuze and Guattari.[20] In their work, the war machine is essentially exterior to the state, even if the
state appropriates it. The problem is, therefore, how to pursue exteriority in disciplinary and epistemological structures
that are themselves entirely defined by their institutional interiority. It will certainly not be through any of the current
specular and spectacular modes of narcissistic identification with the "other." One should treat every text that peddles its
vicarious nomadism while elaborating the most conventional analyses with the greatest suspicion, and at the same time with some
confidence, perhaps quite groundless, that an intellectual nomadology might still be carried out elsewhere.[21] It is necessary to
comprehend the force of extremely difficult ideas: the nomadic war-machine's exteriority to the state and its precise relation to battle;
the nomads' territorial engagement with smooth space, without "striation," interiority, or chrono-historical organization; their
indifference to semiological systems and their particular epistemological orientations (ornament instead of sign, ballistics and
metallurgical science, numbering, speed, etc.); the strange relation of A Thousand Plateaus to texts that would seem to treat the
same matters in a more disciplinary way -- its relation, for instance, to psychoanalysis and philosophy (and what is the strategic
connection between this book and Deleuze's extraordinary and in many ways quite scholarly treatments of the history of
philosophy?); indeed, the very ontology of the nomadic idea itself: all of these must be explored in considerable detail, without ever
descending to any merely exe getical commentary, and without reducing what is at stake in this book to an intellectual position.
Deleuze and Guattari challenge us to rethink our whole relation to books and to writing, to the very order of our thought -- a task in

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which they themselves often fail. One must begin by reading them at a loss, but a loss that is not only the result of their work's
difficulty, which careful analysis would eventually overcome; rather, a loss that reaches down into our deepest epistemological
attachments. It will be necessary, for instance, to reconceive the very notion of intellectual rigor (the order of argument,
demonstration, proof) and communicative clarity: not to abandon them for the sake of some impressionistic
indulgence, but to relocate them outside the striated space of the state apparatus that has always provided their
structure. One might find oneself, for instance, no longer putting forth positions, outlining, defending, and identifying
oneself with them: one might find oneself engaged in an even more severe, more rigorous discipline of affirming ideas
without attaching oneself to them, making them appear (as Baudrillard suggested in another context) only so as to
make them disappear.

WGLF FOGG OF WAR 2NR OVERVIEW

THE CENTRAL AXIS OF ARGUMENTATION IN THIS DEBATE HAS


BEEN NEGLECTED BY THE AFFIRMATIVE. THE CRITICISM THAT WE
HAVE FORWARDED HAS NOT BEEN RESPONDED TO AT THE LEVEL OF
THE WAY THE BALLOT SHOULD BE THEORIZED. TO THEM, AN
AFFIRMATIVE BALLOT SHOULD BE UNDERSTOOD AS A OPEN
ADMISSION OF SOLIDARITY WITH THE AFFIRMATIVE PROJECT BY
THE JUDGE. THIS INSISTENCE ON IDENTIFICATION IS THE MOVE
THAT WE CRITICIZE. THE POSSIBILITY OF AGREEING WITH THE
AFFIRMATIVE IN SECRET IS FORECLOSED, PREVENTING THE
POSSIBILITY OF A MORE EFFICACIOUS POLITICAL ACT: THE
CHOICE TO REMAIN WITHIN THE FOG OF WAR. OUR MANN
EVIDENCE IS ON FIRE IN REGARDS TO THE DANGERS OF ENGAGING
IN OVERT STRATEGIES. A NEGATIVE BALLOT IS NOT A REJECTION
OF THE STRUGGLE THE AFFIRMATIVE ENGAGES IN, BUT RATHER A
CLOAKING MOVE THAT SHIELDS THEIR PROJECT FROM THE
SCRUTINY OF THE MATRICES OF POWER THEY OBSTENSIBLY SEEK
TO FIGHT.
CRAZINESS OVERVIEW- COMPETITION
GETTING UP AND DOING SOMETHING SLIGHTLY CRAZY DOES NOT MEAN THAT YOU ALL OF A SUDDEN CAN
WIN THE DEBATE. IN ORDER TO WIN, THE NEGATIVE MUST CONCLUSIVELY PROVE THAT WHAT WE HAVE
DONE IS SOMEHOW DETRIMENTAL TO POLITICS VERSUS THEIR ALTERNATIVE. WHAT IS THE NET BENEFIT TO
VOTING NEGATIVE? DO THEY HAVE ANY DISADS TO OUR METHOD? THEY HAVENT ANSWERED THESE
QUESTIONS. THEY ESSENTIALLY HAVE RUN THE CRITICAL FEED AFRICA COUNTERPLAN THAT EVERYONE
USES AS AN EXAPMLE OF WHY COUNTERPLANS SHOULD BE COMPETITIVE, GIVEN THAT AT THE LEVEL OF
METHODOLOGY THERE IS FUNCTIONALLY NO COMPETITION.

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AT: HABERMAS
THE NOTION OF IDEAL SPEECH ONLY SERVES TO DEFINE UNACCEPTABLE SPEECH, CREATING
THE POSSIBILITY OF NORMALIZATION AND EXCLUSION
KULYNYCH IN 1997 (JESSICA, Performing politics: Foucault, Habermas, and postmodern
participation Polity, Winter 1997 v30 n2)
Even such a sophisticated and sensitive approach to ideal speech as Benhabib's cannot cleanse communicative action of its
exclusivity. It is not only that acquiring language is a process of mastering a symbolic heritage that is systematically gendered, but

the entire attempt to set conditions for "ideal speech" is inevitably exclusive. The model of an ideal
speech situation establishes a norm of rational interaction that is defined by the very types of interaction
it excludes. The norm of rational debate favors critical argument and reasoned debate over other forms
of communication.(29) Defining ideal speech inevitably entails defining unacceptable speech. What has
been defined as unacceptable in Habermas's formulation is any speech that is not intended to convey an idea.
Speech evocative of identity, culture, or emotion has no necessary place in the ideal speech situation,
and hence persons whose speech is richly colored with rhetoric, gesture, humor, spirit, or affectation
could be defined as deviant or immature communicators. Therefore, a definition of citizenship based on
participation in an ideal form of interaction can easily become a tool for the exclusion of deviant
communicators from the category of citizens. This sort of normalization creates citizens as subjects of rational debate.

HABERMAS IDEAL SPEECH SITUATION IS IMPOSSIBLE: IT DOES NOT TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THE
DISCIPLINARY EFFECTS OF DISCURSIVE EXCHANGE, AND IS THEORIZED IN AN EXCEEDINGLY
ABSTRACT WAY THAT PREVENTS IT FROM BEING USEFUL.
KULYNYCH IN 1997 (JESSICA, Performing politics: Foucault, Habermas, and postmodern
participation Polity,
Winter 1997 v30 n2)
As Habermas describes, "every encounter in which actors do not just observe each other but take a second-person attitude,
reciprocally attributing communicative freedom to each other, unfolds in a linguistically constituted public space."(20) Thus, the
concerns that political scientists have had about unequal resource distribution and its effect on one's capability to act are mitigated in
Habermas's broad definition of discursive participation. Even though limited resources may prevent active interventions in
decisionmaking and policymaking processes, for Habermas the "communicative structures of the public sphere relieve the public of
the burden of decision-making."(21) In a similar vein, Habermas does not limit participation to a specific set of activities, but defines it
procedurally or contextually. Participation is not limited to traditional activities such as voting, campaigning, or letter-writing, but is
instead designated by the discursive quality of the activity. In other words, it is not the intent to influence policy that defines
participation, but rather the communication structure in which the activity takes place. That communication structure must be
equitable and inclusive, social problems must be openly and rationally deliberated, and they must be thematized by people
potentially affected. However, Habermas's discursive formulation is inadequate primarily because it does not

explicitly and rigorously attend to the disciplinary effects of contemporary societies explained so
creatively by Foucault. Habermas has been routinely criticized for ignoring the productive nature of
contemporary power. His juxtaposition of system and life-world in The Theory of Communicative Action
relies on a separation of good power from bad (communicative power v. steering media), and posits an ideal
speech situation freed from the distortions of power.(22) More importantly, Habermas's theorization of
discursive participation is exceedingly abstract and does not adequately attend to the ways in which
power informs discourse.

PARAMETER SPECIFICATION 1NC


A. Violation - the aff fails to specify their parameters in the plan text
B. It's a voter for fairness and education
1.Parameter specification is key to an effective evaluation of the aff's discourse
2.Key to predictability of parameters
3.Resolved is a definite course of action, they're not topical because parameter specification is associated
with indefinite-ness with an r-squared value of .98

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4.allows them to spike out of all our disads


5.vote neg on presumption - all laws must be passed with parameters
6.Failure to specify parameters causes three simultaneous scenarios for extinction this is a real world impact
and skews our time allocation
Finally, they have no offensive reason why they cant specify in the plan text.

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BUSH IS A ROBOT 1NC


A) THE INTERNAL LINK THE PLAN USES BUSH. <EXPLAIN.>

B) THE REAL LINK BUSH DOESNT EXIST HES AN ANIMATRONIC ROBOT.


LONGHAIR 04
[ORIGINALLY FOUND ON DEADLYSINS.COM, POSTED BY LONGHAIR TO
http://sensiblyeclectic.com/b2evolution/blogs/index.php/mainsite/2004/12/04/george_w_bush_animatro
nic_robot 12/04/04]

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Consider these two photos taken two days apart and published in the Washington Post.

Leading experts in animatronic motion agree that what you are seeing is a puppet that has defaulted
mode." int

Created in absolute secrecy by the CIA and top defense contractors, "Unit W" was designed to simulate
motion, speech, and behavior. Originally intended for espionage, he is the
- fusion
motorized
of a servo
biofidelic shell and
a soph
isticated artificial intelligence module. The fiendish experiment proved to be such a success that h
masters decided to put their creation to the ultimate
-- run him
test for President.

Now George W, a mindless automaton created


- secret
in a top
lab , will preside over the first literal "puppet governme

C)
THE MISSING LINK THIS IS A VOTING ISSUE; SEVERAL REASONS!

FAIRNESS. PLAN SPIKES OUT OF ALL OF OUR POLITICS LINKS BECEAUSE IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO
DETERMINE HOW MUCH POLITICAL CAPITAL A ROBOT HAS. EVEN IF WE WERE TO ACCESS THE SECRET
CIA FILES, THEY COULD ALWAYS JUST CHANGE THE LEVELS ON US, WHICH EXPLODES LIMITS.
LIMITS. PLAN UNLIMITS THE TOPIC BECAUSE IF WE ALLOW ROBOTIC ACTORS THAT ENCOURAGES
DEBATERS TO BUILD THEIR OWN ANIMATRONIC ROBOTS TO DO THE PLAN WHICH IS UNPREDICTABLE

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BECAUSE THERE IS AN INFINITE AMOUNT OF ROBOTS THAT COULD BE BUILT AND THERES NO
LITERATURE ON THEM.
SOLVENCY. ALL OF THEIR SOLVENCY EVIDENCE ASSUMES THAT A HUMAN DOES THE PLAN. THIS KILLS
90 PERCENT OF THEIR SOLVENCY, WHICH IS ENOUGH OF THE TABLES LEG SAWED OFF SO THAT THE
TABLE COLLAPSES.
Richard F. Elmore, Backward Mapping: Implementation Research and Policy
Decisions, Political Science Quarterly, 94, Number 4 Winter 1979-1980, page 605
Analysis of policy choices matters very little if the mechanism for
implementing those choices is poorly understood. In answering the
question, "What percentage of the work of achieving a desired
governmental action is done when the preferred analytic alternative
has been identified?" Allison estimated that, in the normal case it was
about 10 percent leaving the remaining 90 percent in the realm of
implementation.
4) DEHUMANIZATION. THEY UPHOLD THE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT AS A SAFE HAVEN FOR
ANIMATRONIC ROBOTS. THIS SETS UP A SLIPPERY SLOPE. THATS NUCLEAR WAR.
BERUBE 97
[PhD http://www.cas.sc.edu/engl/faculty/berube/prolong.htm]
Assuming we are able to predict who or what are optimized humans, this entire resultant worldview
smacks of eugenics and Nazi racial science. This would involve valuing people as means. Moreover, there
would always be a superhuman more super than the current ones, humans would never be able to escape
their treatment as means to an always further and distant end. This means-ends dispute is at the core of
Montagu and Matson's treatise on the dehumanization of humanity. They warn: "its destructive toll is
already greater than that of any war, plague, famine, or natural calamity on record -- and its potential
danger to the quality of life and the fabric of civilized society is beyond calculation. For that reason this
sickness of the soul might well be called the Fifth Horseman of the Apocalypse.... Behind the genocide of
the holocaust lay a dehumanized thought; beneath the menticide of deviants and dissidents... in the
cuckoo's next of America, lies a dehumanized image of man... (Montagu & Matson, 1983, p. xi-xii). While it
may never be possible to quantify the impact dehumanizing ethics may have had on humanity, it is safe to
conclude the foundations of humanness offer great opportunities which would be foregone. When we
calculate the actual losses and the virtual benefits, we approach a nearly inestimable value greater than
any tools which we can currently use to measure it.
Dehumanization is nuclear war, environmental apocalypse, and international genocide. When people
become things, they become dispensable. When people are dispensable, any and every atrocity can be
justified. Once justified, they seem to be inevitable for every epoch has evil and dehumanization is evil's
most powerful weapon.
BUSH EXTENSIONS
( _ ) AT: THERE HAS TO BE A REASONABLE EXPLANATION FOR THIS.
WASHINGTON INSIDERS SAY OTHERWISE. OR AT LEAST THEY HAVENT FOUND IT YET.
WEINGARTEN 00
[GENE WASHINGTON POST STAFF WRITER 12/27]

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First, don't panic. There is probably a good explanation for the mystery of the
photographs, something that does not threaten the enslavement and/or extermination of
mankind.
There has to be a benign explanation. I just haven't found it yet.

( _ ) AT: THOSE ARENT THE *SAME* POSE.


THEY ARE IDENTICAL POSES. BECAUSE THEY ARE IDENTICAL PICTURES OF BUSH IN HIS
DEFAULT SETTING.
WEINGARTEN 00
[GENE WASHINGTON POST STAFF WRITER 12/27]

The first photograph appeared in The Washington Post on Dec. 18. In it, the
presidentelect stands behind and to the side of Condoleezza Rice, his nominee
for national security adviser. George W. Bush is slightly out of focus. His head
is cocked to the left and tilted slightly backward, his mouth downturned in a
perfect cartoonish crescent, the way a first-grader might draw a frown. His
eyes are squinty.
The next photograph appeared in this paper two days later. In it, the
president-elect stands behind and to the side of Alberto R. Gonzalez, his
choice for White House counsel. George W. Bush is slightly out of focus. His
head is cocked to the left and tilted slightly backward, his mouth
downturned in a perfect, cartoonish crescent, the way a first-grader might
draw a frown. His eyes are squinty.
It is not a similar pose; it is an identical pose. It is not a similar expression; it is
the identical expression.
REPTILES DA TO THE U.N. TOPIC
1NC
A) UNIQUE LINK: Currently the Illuminati agenda is unfulfilled. However, the farcical move to initiate
peacekeeping operations in Africa is precisely the technique that shores up reptilian power. African conflict
is orchestrated by the reptilian illuminati and the plan is the final step in the reptilian playbook. The plan
allows the reptilians to access inter-dimensional gateways and increase their power.
ICKE 00
[David - http://www.davidicke.net/newsroom/africa/congo/022400a.html]
As I have outlined in The Biggest Secret, the Illuminati has an agenda to bring Africa to it's knees in an
explosion of conflict and war, a fact confirmed to me by people like the Zulu shaman, Credo Mutwa, who
has seen this coming for a long time (See The Reptilian Agenda video, part two, for the background). As I
say in the book, and previous ones, the idea is to create the conflict as an excuse to send in UN and NATO
forces to "keep the peace". The UN vote about the Congo is yet another confirmation of this.

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Africa has been a focus for the reptilian bloodlines since ancient times. The reptilian "gods", which the
Sumerian tablets call the Anunnaki, operated extensively in the continent of Africa and it continues to be
an area of enormous importance to them for many reasons - incredible natural "resources", of which the
Congo is a wonderful example (hence the war), and because of the interdimensional "gateways" and
immensely powerful earth-energy vortexes that can be found in Africa.
This incredible continent should be rich beyond measure, abundant in food and trade in a stream of
commodities, but the Illuminati find it far more difficult to manipulate and control abundance and harmony
than they do scarcity and conflict. Hence Africa has been plaqued by war and economic take-over which
has kept the people divided and ruled and in hunger and poverty in a continent which could feed itself
many, many, times over.
Under the constantly played technique of create-the-problem-and-then-offer-the-solution, the Illuminati can
now send in their United Nations forces to the Congo, just as they have with their NATO troops in places
like Bosnia and Kosovo.
B) THE BIGGEST IMPACT IN THE TUBS:
Reptilian domination is global tyranny via mind control, sex crimes, and mass genocide, which turns the
case.
Jim Bartley, online, accessed 4-18-05
http://64.233.161.104/search?q=cache:jWnqbgE78asJ:www.davidicke.net/emagazine/vol23/articles/bartley235.html+%22united+nations%22+reptilian+&hl=en
The reptilians make full use of what American Military War Colleges refer to as a "Force Multiplier." In this
case, it is mayhem, sexual predation, ritual murder and Genocide by PROXY. Rather than go to the trouble
of manifesting in full physical density and having to individually rape, torture and perpetrate genocide
upon countless humans, the reptilians manipulate individual humans as well as entire societies and nations
to do the work for them.
This is an important point to understand. The reptilians will manipulate individual males into becoming
serial sex offenders and serial murderers and on a macro level, they will inculcate notions of racial purity
and racial superiority into entire cultures which then serves as the basis and justification for those same
cultures to perpetrate Genocide upon other races and societies deemed "inferior" or "sub-human."
If we as a Species ever hope to move beyond the control of the draco-reptilian overlords, we must first
recognize the massive deception that has been foisted upon us.
repti
modalities. repti
lian
These
lian racial purity and racial superiority
We must understand that notions of
are inherently
modalities than
provide the
reptili
ultimate goal of a Global Tyranny because Uni
justification for
individuals and entire
an's
often as not
ted perpetrate mayhem
cultures to
and slaughter upon their
fellow humans. This serves to further the
Nati
troops
become embroiled in the various regional conflicts. Those of us within
repti
ons
the research
community must be willing to point out the absurd fallacies of the
lian
propagandist and New Age
Globalist. Starry eyed New Agers display the same kind of misplaced
Repti
enthusiasm that so many young intellectual Communists displayed in
the 1920's and 1930's during the
worst of the Bolshevik Revolution's excesses. We must come to gripslian
with the fact that the worst atrocities
perpetrated by humans throughout history has been the end result of manipulation.

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CONGO LINK
The conflict in Congo is a fabrication its just a stepping stone to world domination set down by the
reptilian illuminati.
ICKE 00
[David - http://www.davidicke.net/newsroom/africa/congo/022400a.html]
The war has drawn many "sides" into conflict. The Congo government, led by President Laurent Kabila, and
supported by Angola, Namibia, and Zimbabwe, has been pitted against "opposition" forces supported by
Rwanda and Uganda.
It is worth noting that Zimbabwe on one "side" is headed by the British place-man, Robert Mugabe, who
has massive personal investments in the Congo, and on the other "side" is Uganda, which has long been
recognised as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Britain in Africa.
It was from Uganda that the London headquarters of the Illuminati orchestrated the genocide in Rwanda
and Burundi, not least through the manipulations of Henry Kissinger and his sidekick, the Bilderberg Group
chairman, Lord Carrington. And it was Carrington was the British Foreign Secretary who handed power in
Zimbabwe to the ludicrous and murderous figure of Robert Mugabe (see And The Truth Shall Set You Free
for the background).
In other words all "sides" in the Congo conflict are controlled by the same force. So what's new?

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The U.N. is controlled by the reptilian overlords


Jim Bartley, online, accessed 4-18-05
http://64.233.161.104/search?q=cache:jWnqbgE78asJ:www.davidicke.net/emagazine/vol23/articles/bartley235.html+%22united+nations%22+reptilian+&hl=en

The third method of Genocidal Rape Warfare involves Bosnian-Herzogovinian and Croation women being
repeatedly raped whilst in detention until they become pregnant. The women are held in detention until
such time as it is too late for the women to safely obtain an abortion. The women are not only physically
abused and tortured but psychologically abused as well. They are told throughout their ordeal that they
have been impregnated and will have a Serbian child. Upon being released they are told by the Serbians
that if they ever tell anyone about what happened to them, they and their families will be killed. It goes
without saying that all sorts of cruelty is perpetrated upon the women and young girls held in these rapedeath camps. Many of the survivors have stated that the rapes and the rape-torture which precedes
murder is often videotaped by the perpetrators.
The evidence that this is going on in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia is overwhelming and yet nothing has
been done about it.
Indeed, it has been alleged by survivors that TROOPS have
United
actually taken part in these Nations
rapesUNITED
within the rape camps.
NATIONS
This should give one pause
for thought when you consider that forces may one day
United
be conducting "Peace
Nations
Enforcement" operations in
America. I believe at the deepest darkest levels
of the , tacit approval has been given to the United
Serbs to continue this atrocious policy of
Nations
Genocidal Rape Warfare. I believe the
reason for that is the are controlled by the same
reptilian overlords that are responsible for the Rape-Death Camps in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia.

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KOFI LINK

at: this stuff doesnt exist


FALSE IT IS RIDICULOUS TO CLAIM OTHERWISE
RHODES 99 [http://reptile.users2.50megs.com/research/r100799k.html, John]
There is more than enough evidence to indicate that a highly evolved reptilian life form is interacting with human beings. Their presence has been witnessed in
every corner of the Earth by people from all walks of life. Now that we have established the fact that they are here, the next question to address is: Where are they
coming from?

Theories as to the origin of reptilian "alien" life forms range appear to be threefold. From the accumulative evidence provided to thus far, it has been determined that
they are either:

a) Extra-Terrestrial beings from another planet or star system

b) Inner Terrestrial beings that are naturally evolved terrestrial Earth life forms that reside in inner earth Caverns, sub-cities, and underwater bases

c) Inner-Dimensional - other alien entities existing in vibrational levels - time/space travelers

Although a large amount of data supporting each theory exists, this report will only address the basic facts regarding each. It is important to realize that, even
though each theorized origin appears to be distinct in it's own right, all three theories could be, and are probably, correct.

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UN troops are under the control of reptilians TRUNKERTON


04

http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/nazis_and_the_grays.htm

Now in recent years 'Patriot' organizations have been warning of a possible "RED DAWN" takeover of the U.S. by Socialist
UNITED NATIONS troops who NOW HAVE AN INCREASING ARMY OF U.N. TROOPS "IN TRAINING" within the borders of the United
States. (If such a take-over attempt were to occur, we would suggest that the UNITED NATIONS complex in New York City increase it's
security by at least a thousand fold to defend itself from the retaliation that would follow. Let's just say that there is an entire 'Army'
of grassroots Patriots waiting-in-the-wings to defend America from such a threat if or when such an invasion is attempted). The
Bavarian "National" Socialists who ultimately control the U.N., such as the Trilaterals, are reportedly tied-in with the
reptilian gray empire, so it is doubtful that any resistance to the invaders will come through the Trojanhorse United
Nazis (er, excuse us... United Nations!). Such a 'war' may be the grand finale of a series of outward Machiavellian
'conflicts' which the Bavarian Empire has allegedly 'arranged' between nations over the centuries for the purpose of
simply keeping the human race in the state of disorder, chaos, confusion and fear which is so necessary to ensure the
final goal -- an absolute electronic dictatorship in which every human being will be 'tagged' and branded like cattle
with an electronic chip implant which will make them the absolute spiritual, mental and physical slaves of the 'New
World Order'.

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THIS EVIDENCE DOESNT EXIST.

THEIR METHOD OF CULTURE JAMMING DOESNT SOLVE. JUST MESSING AROUND WITH
SIGNS AND SYMBOLS ACTUALLY UPHOLDS AND SUBMITS TO THEIR POWER OVER US. THE
WGLF IS JUST LIKE A BUNCH OF SINGING RAISINS DRINKING SPRITE WHILE TRYING TO BE
ALL HIP AND SUBVERSIVE. THEY DONT ACCOMPLISH SHIT.

MOORE 05 [http://www.towhomitmayconcern.org/dictionary.htm ANNE]

So the reason such things as the swoosh, the golden arches, flavor crystals, singing raisins, Have it Your
Way, Millertime,
Youve Come a Long Way, Baby, Be Like Mike, Taste the Rainbow, Melts in Your Mouth, Not in Your Hands,
Its Like This, Obey Your Thirst, Just Do It and the ever-present, green and black, coffee sirenit just keeps
going, and going, and going, and going . . .hold sway over us is that were accidentally agreeing to them
as powerful, corporate symbols that someone else defined.

This is the reason that such programs as Adbusters-brand culture jamming dont work: because mocking
powerful corporate symbols as such only reinforces their power. Making fun of symbols does not, in any
way, debunk, undermine or question the corporations right to define them. By continuing to ignore the
question of whether or not we agree to their power, we agree to it. Worse, we support their right to it. The
challenge to activists is to stop mucking about and thinking of funny plays on the phrase Just Do It.
Instilling in themselves and others the understanding that the definitions of such symbols are agreed to,
and therefore can be rejected or changed, is one way for activists to begin the process of uprooting
corporate power.
THIS EVIDENCE DOESNT EXIST.

ADBUSTERS-STYLE PARODY ONLY REINFORCES WHAT YOURE TRYING TO FIGHT BETTER TO JUST STOP
MESSING AROUND AND DO REGULAR COMMUNICATION.

BEATO 99 - http://www.motherjones.com/commentary/columns/1999/05/beato.html

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To Lasn, the networks' refusal broadcasts their fear of his message. He believes that if Adbusters and
other advocacy advertisers had the same access to the airwaves as General Motors and Calvin Klein,
product marketers would end up substantially reducing their own TV advertising. To validate his vision,
Lasn refers to the showdown that occurred between antismoking ads and cigarette
commercials in the late '60s after the FCC ordered broadcasters who aired cigarette commercials to run
opposing viewpoints for free. "Those antismoking ads were so potent that, ultimately, the industry couldn't
compete," recounts Lasn. "Every time you were watching one of those pro-smoking ads, you just started
snickering because they just didn't make sense anymore."
Actually, it was an act of Congress, rather than the antismoking ads, that forced cigarette
commercials off television. And ultimately, that move did little to hinder the tobacco industry's
advertising efforts; it just spent more on other media. Ironically, cigarette sales increased dramatically in
1971, the first year of the cigarette-ad ban, probably because antismoking commercials, which had indeed
caused a decline in cigarette consumption, could no longer be aired for free.
Still, if we are to learn anything from the cigarette-ad battle, it's that the most likely industry
response to uncommercials would be to simply air more commercials -- in the realm of political
advertising, has one attack ad ever failed to spawn a rebuttal? To be sure, escalation is a poor
excuse for censorship; Lasn has as much a right to the airwaves as do his counterparts at Honda and GM.
But how excited are we supposed to get about the notion that anticonsumerist arguments can be
trivialized with the same smug, soundbitten language that graces Bud Light and Camel ads?
Lasn's paradigmatic cigarette ads are again a case in point. Taking for granted that kids start
smoking because tobacco companies have convinced them that smoking is "cool," modern
antismoking ads simply promote not smoking as being even cooler. What gets lost in the
exchange is that being "cool" is a pretty flimsy reason to do anything.
In short, advertising may indeed be the operative language of the modern world, but it's a
fairly limited idiom, designed to make you feel rather than think. For those whose message is simple -Buy me! -- the language of advertising works beautifully. For those trying to express a more
complicated idea, it's less effective.
Of course, parodies and publicity stunts (such as the soundbite-ready flacktivism of Buy Nothing Day) are
effective as bait-and-switch tactics: You hook them with punch lines and eye candy, then educate them
after you have their attention. But are the Absolut vodka ad collectors who call up Adbusters in search of
its parodies of the well-known ad campaign sticking around for such schooling? And wouldn't it be just
as effective if the funky-fresh brandinistas of the world simply applied black electrical tape to
their eyes instead of their logos? In the end, is virtuous mindlessness better than materialistic
mindlessness?

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