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See Able-bodied seaman.

Abandon: (1) The proper plugging and abandoning of a well in compliance


with all applicable regulations and the cleaning up of the wellsite to the satisfaction
of any governmental body having jurisdiction with respect thereto
and to the reasonable satisfaction of the operator. (2) To cease efforts to find
or produce from a well or field. (3) To plug a well completion and salvage
material and equipment.
Abandoned Well: A well (oil, natural gas, or water injection) not in use
because it was a dry hole originally or because it has ceased to produce
economical quantities of oil and/or natural gas or has become unusable.
Regulations require the plugging of abandoned wells to prevent the seepage
of oil, gas, or water from one stratum of underlying rock to another.
Abandonment Cost: Costs associated with the abandonment of facilities or
services, including costs for the removal of facilities and restoration of the
land.
Abandonment/Decommissioning: Process of dismantling wellhead, production,
and transportation facilities and restoration of depleted producing
areas in accordance with license requirements and/or legislation.
Abandonment Pressure: The minimum pressure of the reservoir when the
wells are abandoned.
Abatement: (1) The act or process of reducing the intensity of pollution.
(2) The use of some method of abating pollution. (3) Putting an end to an
undesirable or unlawful condition affecting the wastewater collection system.
A property owner found to have inflow sources connected to the collection
system may be issued a notice of abatement. Such notices will usually
describe the violation, suggest corrective measures, and grant a period of
time for compliance.
Abiogenic Theory: A theory of petroleum generation in which petroleum is
thought to have formed from hydrocarbons trapped inside the earths crust
when the earth was forming. See also Biogenic theory and Organic theory.
Abject Failure (Risk): A failure mode that can cause the cancellation of
or immediate halt to a project or event. Generally expressed as a percent
probability.
Able-Bodied Seaman: A member of an LNG crew, with three years of sea
service, certified by examination to perform all the duties of an experienced
seaman. A typical LNG ship carries five able-bodied seamen (ABs) in her
crew complement. See Crew.
Abnormally Pressured: A pore pressure higher than a column of seawater
for that true vertical depth.
Abnormal Pressure: Pressure outside the normal or expected range.
Abrasion (Geologic): A form of mechanical weathering where loose
fragments are transported with water or wind.
Abrasion (Mechanical): Wearing away by friction.
Abrasive: Particles propelled at a velocity sufficient to cause cleaning or
wearing away of a surface.
Abrasive Jetting: A perforating process involving pumping a slurry of liquid
and size particles through a nozzle to cut through steel and rock.
ABS: American Bureau of Shipping.
Absolute Ages: Estimation/measurement of age of a formation, fossil, etc., in
years before the present.
Absolute Filter Level: A filter rating that purports to set the maximum size
of an opening in a filter or the maximum size of the particle that can pass
through the filter. The definition varies with use and company.
Absolute Open Flow: The maximum rate that a well can produce at
the lowest possible bottom-hole pressure (usually figured with a gas
gradient).
Absolute Open Flow Potential: The theoretical maximum flow that a well
could deliver with a zero back pressure at the middle of the perforations.

Absolute Permeability: Permeability to a single-phase fluid in a cleaned