23 views

Uploaded by Bhaveen Joshi

central tendency ppt

- Sugar
- AIESEC Global Internship Program
- Sampling and Sampling Design
- Fundamental of Advertising and Decision Making
- Advrtising Reserch Process
- Advertisment
- Aiesec
- Devaluation
- Sugar
- AIESEC Services During Exchange Program
- advertisment
- About AIESEC
- Chapter - 4 & 6 (Exchange Rate Determination & Goverment Influence on Exchange Rate)
- EXPORT PROCESS
- Advertisment
- AIESEC History
- Market Research Report : Sugar Industry in India 2012
- Advertisment
- Standardization
- Devaluation of Currency

You are on page 1of 32

TENDENCY:

Mean, Median, Mode

: sigma

The symbol means to sum (add) the scores

Central Tendency

A score that indicates where the center of the

distribution tends to be located.

Tells us about the shape and nature of the

d b

distribution.

Mode

Median

Mean

The Mode

The most frequently occurring score.

Typically useful in describing central

tendency when the scores reflect a nominal

scale

l off measurement.

The Mode

It does not make sense to take the average in

nominal data.

Gender: 67 males --- 1

50 females ---- 2

14

14

13

15

11

15

13

10

12

13

14

13

14

15

17

14

14

15

S

Score

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

1

0

4

6

4

1

1

1

N=18

Unimodal Distributions

When a polygon

Wh

l

h

has

one hump (such as on

the normal curve) the

distribution is called

unimodal.

14

14

13

15

11

12

15

10

12

13

12

13

15

15

17

12

15

12

S

Score

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

1

0

5

2

3

5

1

1

N=18

Bimodal Distributions

When a di

Wh

distribution

ib i

has two scores that

are most frequently

occurring, it is called

d

bimodal.

Example

S

Score

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

1

4

5

4

6

7

9

N=36

In nominal data

Since we cannot use mean or median

with

i h mean and

d median

di

Gives us limited information about a

distribution

Might

g be misleadingg

EXP: 7 7 7 20 20 21 22 22 23 24

What is the mode here?

The score at the 50th percentile, (in the middle)

Used to summarize ordinal or highly skewed

interval or ratio scores

scores.

When data are normally distributed, the median is

the

h same score as the

h mode.

d

When

W

data are not normallyy distributed,, follow the

following procedure:

Arrange the scores from highest to the lowest.

If there are an odd number of scores, the median is the

p

score in the middle position.

If there are an even number of scores, the median is the

average of the two scores in the middle.

A better measure of central tendency than mode

Only one score can be the median

It will always be around where the most scores are.

EXP: 1 2 3 3 4 7 9 10 11

EXP: 1 2 3 3 4 6 7 9 100 11

14

14

13

15

11

15

13

10

12

13

14

13

14

15

17

14

14

15

S

Score

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

1

0

4

6

4

1

1

1

N=18

The Mean

The score located at the mathematical center

of a distribution

U

Used

d tto summarize

i interval

i t

l or ratio

ti data

d t in

i

situations when the distribution is

symmetrical and unimodal

The formula for the sample mean is

X

X=

N

14

14

13

15

11

15

13

10

12

13

14

13

14

15

17

14

14

15

S

Score

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

1

0

4

6

4

1

1

1

N=18

Central Tendency

and

N

Normal

l Di

Distributions

ib i

On a perfect normal distribution all three

measures of central tendency are located at

the

h same score.

Central Tendency

Measures of Central Tendency:

Mean

The sum of all scores divided byy the number of

scores.

Median

The score in the middle when the scores are ordered.

Mode

The most frequent score.

Skewed Distributions

Measures

Measurement

you

Scale

CAN use

Nominal

Mode

Ordinal

Interval

Ratio

Mode

Median

Mode

Median

Mean

Mode

Median

Mean

"Middle"

Mode

Median

Symmetrical data: Mean

Skewed data: Median

Symmetrical data: Mean

Sk d data:

Skewed

d

Median

M di

Deviations Around

th Mean

the

M

Deviations

A scores deviation is the distance separate

the score from the mean

= (X Xbar)

always equals 0.

When using the mean to predict scores, a

our error in

deviation ((X-( XXbar

)Xindicates

)

prediction.

A deviation score indicates a raw scores

location and frequency relative to the rest of

the distribution.

Example 1

Find the mean, median and mode for the set of

scores in

i the

h ffrequency di

distribution

ib i table

bl b

below

l

X f

5 2

4 3

3 2

2 2

1 1

Example 2

comprehension

h i test scores off males

l and

d ffemales.

l

Female: 26 25 24 24 23 23 22 22 21 21 21 20 20

Male: 20 19 18 17 22 21 21 26 26 26 23 23 22

Calculate mean, mode, median, for both males and females

separately.

What kind of distribution is this?

- SugarUploaded bysunshine10chem
- AIESEC Global Internship ProgramUploaded byOmer Emam
- Sampling and Sampling DesignUploaded byRohan Kadam
- Fundamental of Advertising and Decision MakingUploaded byAnurag Srivastava
- Advrtising Reserch ProcessUploaded bySreejesh A Valson
- AdvertismentUploaded bychoprabalbir
- AiesecUploaded bylorenaela4144
- DevaluationUploaded byMusadiq_Elahi_7941
- SugarUploaded byShyam Sadrani
- AIESEC Services During Exchange ProgramUploaded bymarkus_sailer
- advertismentUploaded byOindrila Biswas
- About AIESECUploaded byClarine Chai
- Chapter - 4 & 6 (Exchange Rate Determination & Goverment Influence on Exchange Rate)Uploaded byTonoy Roy
- EXPORT PROCESSUploaded byNikita Garg
- AdvertismentUploaded byAshutosh Sonker
- AIESEC HistoryUploaded byDima Sopronchuk
- Market Research Report : Sugar Industry in India 2012Uploaded byNetscribes, Inc.
- AdvertismentUploaded byvedugpta
- StandardizationUploaded byalyahaz
- Devaluation of CurrencyUploaded byshantanudev
- Devaluation Of CurrencyUploaded byNikhil Singh
- TRIPSUploaded bySayeeda Mohammed
- AdvertismentUploaded bychelsearoth
- Advertisment PresentatinUploaded by4696506
- Product Standardization vs. AdaptationUploaded byStuti Sharma Gaur
- export managementUploaded bySahil Mittal

- DEC-50313Uploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- DEC-50213Uploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- j 0006 Paper i MasterUploaded byshrish1
- FEB-50213Uploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- FEB-2013 set paperUploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- DEC-00013-CUploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- FEB-50313Uploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- (Www.entrance-exam.net)-UGC-NET (General Paper, Teaching and Research Aptitude) Sample Paper 1Uploaded bygkiyer7
- DEC-00013-AUploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- UGC NET June 2008 1st PaperUploaded byKalpesh Popat
- PAPER-IUploaded byAvinash Naik
- DEC-00013-DUploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- 64 Interview QuestionsUploaded byshivakumar N
- Set SyllabusUploaded bydeshmukhking
- DEC-00013-BUploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- OracleUploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- D%200006%20PAPER%20I%20MasterUploaded bycsupriya88
- NET EXAM Paper 1Uploaded byshahid ahmed laskar
- NET EXAM Paper 1Uploaded byshahid ahmed laskar
- DEC2007 - IUploaded byPradeep Singh
- Case StudiesUploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- Case StudiesUploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- j 0006 Paper i MasterUploaded byshrish1
- j 0006 Paper i MasterUploaded byshrish1
- FEB-2013 set paperUploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- Infosys annual report 2014Uploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- PAPER-IUploaded byAvinash Naik
- Set SyllabusUploaded bydeshmukhking
- DEC-00013-BUploaded byBhaveen Joshi
- chapter 1 & 2 ENTREPRENEURSHIP MANAGEMENTUploaded byBhaveen Joshi

- Science in VedasUploaded byAgniveer Agni
- Report of HV- GridUploaded byMayank Agrawal
- Print Edition: February 05, 2014Uploaded byDhaka Tribune
- 112-06Uploaded byJorge Gonzalez
- 1st seminar achyarUploaded byMuhamad Galih Sumajaya
- MAS Notice 637_effective 31 Dec 2013Uploaded byhieu le
- Lithuanian LanguageUploaded byLaura Mayo
- Managerial economics cap 4Uploaded byEractnod
- Practice Test Heating And CoolingUploaded byChief
- 5070_s18_qp_41Uploaded byAhad Shykh
- 442BroUploaded byKaler Soto Peralta
- Indian Hockey Survey ResultUploaded byNikhil Verma
- wipoUploaded byFummy Omnipotent
- The Final Empire by Brandon Sanderson ExtractUploaded byOrion Publishing Group
- CA Cpt EconomicsUploaded byPooja Jain
- Adjustments at the End of an Accounting PeriodUploaded byTevabless Suoived Spotlightbabe
- DownloadUploaded byverticalgash
- 9671-19391-2-PBUploaded byMhamoondt Sii Sibuk
- PressureGauges PagesUploaded byradio-chaser
- Guide to Assessing Urban Forests Nrs Inf 24 13Uploaded bydmlinux
- Indahsari i.p - Improving Students’ Speaking Ability by Using Repetition DrillUploaded byIndahsari
- 20m Multistage Fitness TestUploaded byanwar safwan
- Openfire-Spark on Windows Server 2008 R2 with SSO.pdfUploaded byAlejandro Barquero Ramírez
- face-recognitionUploaded byEr Nishant Sinha
- problem setUploaded byYodaking Matt
- Assessment Head to Toe ScriptUploaded byannekemp
- 2018-03-31-12-23-14-702_1958189601_Uploaded byKethavarapu Ramji
- Clitics in Four Dialects of Modern GreekUploaded byAnonymous j6GPMfY
- capitulo 2 corripioUploaded byomarlibardo
- Drop Call AnalysisUploaded byelvin_r